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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103638/music-interventions-for-acquired-brain-injury
#1
REVIEW
Wendy L Magee, Imogen Clark, Jeanette Tamplin, Joke Bradt
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) can result in impairments in motor function, language, cognition, and sensory processing, and in emotional disturbances, which can severely reduce a survivor's quality of life. Music interventions have been used in rehabilitation to stimulate brain functions involved in movement, cognition, speech, emotions, and sensory perceptions. An update of the systematic review published in 2010 was needed to gauge the efficacy of music interventions in rehabilitation for people with ABI...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101620/-home-based-telerehabilitation-after-stroke
#2
M Keidel, F Vauth, J Richter, B Hoffmann, H Soda, B Griewing, M Scibor
The use of modern information and telecommunication technologies enables telerehabilitation of neurological deficits in the domestic environment. The current state of studies on rehabilitative teletherapy for improvement of motor function and mobility deficits due to stroke is reviewed. Two neurolinguistic proof of concept studies investigating the efficacy of online interactive telespeech therapy are reported, which compared virtual screen to screen interactive telerehabilitation of aphasia after stroke and dysarthrophonia in Parkinson's disease to conventional face to face rehabilitation...
January 18, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101556/time-for-food-training-physiatrists-in-nutritional-prescription
#3
Rani Polak, Marie Dacey, Edward M Phillips
INTRODUCTION: Sub-optimal nutrition is a leading factor in all-cause mortality, the preponderance of non-communicable chronic diseases, and various health conditions that are treated by physiatrists, such as stroke and musculoske-letal disorders. Furthermore, patients with chronic pain have a high prevalence of nutritional deficiencies, and malnutrition has been associated with limited rehabilitation outcomes in elderly patients with hospital-associated deconditioning. Thus, physiatrists may find it valuable to include nutrition in their patient services...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100291/systematic-review-of-neuropsychological-rehabilitation-for-prospective-memory-deficits-as-a-consequence-of-acquired-brain-injury
#4
Steven Mahan, Rebecca Rous, Anna Adlam
OBJECTIVES: Prospective memory (PM) impairments are common following acquired brain injury (ABI). PM is the ability to keep a goal in mind for future action and interventions have the potential to increase independence. This review aimed to evaluate studies examining PM rehabilitation approaches in adults and children with ABI. METHODS: Relevant literature was identified using PsycARTICLES (1894 to present), PsycINFO (1880 to present), the Cochrane Library (1972 to present), MEDLINE PubMed, reference lists from relevant journal articles, and searches of key journals...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099186/poststroke-depression-risk-factors-and-potential-effects-on-functional-recovery
#5
Ozgur Z Karaahmet, Eda Gurcay, Ozlem C Avluk, Ebru K Umay, Ibrahim Gundogdu, Oznur Ecerkale, Aytul Cakci
The factors that may cause poststroke depression were investigated in the literature focusing on lesion localization, age, stroke severity, and impairments in physical and cognitive function. The aim of this study was to examine the risk factors influencing the development of poststroke depression and to determine the effect of depression on the patients' functional improvement after rehabilitation. Patients in the first 6-month period after stroke who were hospitalized in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic were included in this study...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097014/development-and-evaluation-of-a-formula-for-predicting-introduction-of-medication-self-management-in-stroke-patients-in-the-kaifukuki-rehabilitation-ward
#6
Hisato Fujihara, Mari Kogo, Isao Saito, Nobuyuki Kawate, Masazumi Mizuma, Hiroko Suzuki, Jun-Ichiro Murayama, Tadanori Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Medication self-management in stroke patients is important to prevent further progression of disease and incidence of side effects. The purpose of this study was to create a formula for predicting medication self-management introduction in stroke patients using functional independence measure items and patient data, including medication-related information. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of 104 patients (cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage) discharged from the Kaifukuki rehabilitation ward at Showa University Fujigaoka Rehabilitation Hospital from January to December 2012...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096664/predictors-of-outcomes-following-reablement-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#7
Hanne Tuntland, Ingvild Kjeken, Eva Langeland, Bjarte Folkestad, Birgitte Espehaug, Oddvar Førland, Mona Kristin Aaslund
BACKGROUND: Reablement is a rehabilitation intervention for community-dwelling older adults, which has recently been implemented in several countries. Its purpose is to improve functional ability in daily occupations (everyday activities) perceived as important by the older person. Performance and satisfaction with performance in everyday life are the major outcomes of reablement. However, the evidence base concerning which factors predict better outcomes and who receives the greatest benefit in reablement is lacking...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096400/defining-recovery-neurobiology-of-injured-spinal-cord-by-synthetic-matrix-assisted-hmsc-implantation
#8
Alexander E Ropper, Devang K Thakor, InBo Han, Dou Yu, Xiang Zeng, Jamie E Anderson, Zaid Aljuboori, Soo-Woo Kim, Hongjun Wang, Richard L Sidman, Ross D Zafonte, Yang D Teng
Mesenchymal stromal stem cells (MSCs) isolated from adult tissues offer tangible potential for regenerative medicine, given their feasibility for autologous transplantation. MSC research shows encouraging results in experimental stroke, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and neurotrauma models. However, further translational progress has been hampered by poor MSC graft survival, jeopardizing cellular and molecular bases for neural repair in vivo. We have devised an adult human bone marrow MSC (hMSC) delivery formula by investigating molecular events involving hMSCs incorporated in a uniquely designed poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid scaffold, a clinically safe polymer, following inflammatory exposures in a dorsal root ganglion organotypic coculture system...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094580/is-walking-symmetry-important-for-ambulatory-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#9
Makamas Kumprou, Pipatana Amatachaya, Thanat Sooknuan, Thiwabhorn Thaweewannakij, Sugalya Amatachaya
PURPOSE: To assess and compare the levels of walking symmetry in ambulatory participants with spinal cord injury (SCI) who had different degrees of lesion severity, levels of walking ability, and fall history. In addition, the study explored the relationship between the levels of walking symmetry and variables related to the ability of well-controlled walking of the participants. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Sixty-six eligible participants were assessed and interviewed for levels of walking symmetry, walking speed, functional endurance, symmetrical lower limb support ability, balance control, and fall history over the last 6 months...
January 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094320/improved-motor-performance-in-patients-with-acute-stroke-using-the-optimal-individual-attentional-strategy
#10
Takeshi Sakurada, Takeshi Nakajima, Mitsuya Morita, Masahiro Hirai, Eiju Watanabe
It is believed that motor performance improves when individuals direct attention to movement outcome (external focus, EF) rather than to body movement itself (internal focus, IF). However, our previous study found that an optimal individual attentional strategy depended on motor imagery ability. We explored whether the individual motor imagery ability in stroke patients also affected the optimal attentional strategy for motor control. Individual motor imagery ability was determined as either kinesthetic- or visual-dominant by a questionnaire in 28 patients and 28 healthy-controls...
January 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093370/a-comparison-of-locomotor-therapy-interventions-partial-body-weight-supported-treadmill-lokomat%C3%A2-and-g-eo%C3%A2-training-in-persons-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Alberto Esquenazi, Stella Lee, Amanda Wikoff, Andrew Packel, Theresa Toczylowski, John Feeley
BACKGROUND: Literature in the application of gait training techniques in persons with traumatic brain injury is limited. Current techniques require of multiple staff and are physically demanding. The use of a robotic locomotor training may provide improved training capacity for this population. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of three different modes of locomotor therapy on gait velocity and spatiotemporal symmetry using: an end effector robot (G-EO™); a robotic exoskeleton (Lokomat®) and manual assisted partial-body weight supported treadmill training (PBWSTT) in participants with traumatic brain injury...
January 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092847/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-post-stroke-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#12
REVIEW
XinYi Shen, MingYi Liu, Yu Cheng, Cui Jia, XinYue Pan, QingYun Gou, XinLian Liu, Hui Cao, LuShun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Every year, more than fifteen million people worldwide experience a stroke, nearly 30% of stroke survivors are likely to experience post-stroke depression (PSD). Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is one of the emerging techniques which assist in targeting rehabilitation after stroke. Although deterioration of PSD greatly affects the recovery and quality of life of stroke sufferers, the effect of rTMS therapy has not been systematically studied. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to determine the effect of rTMS on PSD...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092139/content-of-conventional-therapy-for-the-severely-affected-arm-during-subacute-rehabilitation-after-stroke-an-analysis-of-physiotherapy-and-occupational-therapy-practice
#13
Lex D de Jong, Frederike van Wijck, Roy E Stewart, Alexander C H Geurts, Pieter U Dijkstra
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physiotherapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) are key professions providing treatment for the arm after stroke; however, knowledge about the content of these treatments is scant. Detailed data are needed to replicate interventions, evaluate their effective components, and evaluate PT and OT practice. This paper describes PT and OT treatment for the severely affected arm in terms of duration, content according to components and categories of the International Classification of Human Functioning, Disability and Health, and to analyze differences between professions...
January 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091936/task-specific-motor-rehabilitation-therapy-after-stroke-improves-performance-in-a-different-motor-task-translational-evidence
#14
M El Amki, P Baumgartner, O Bracko, A R Luft, S Wegener
While the stroke survivor with a motor deficit strives for recovery of all aspects of daily life movements, neurorehabilitation training is often task specific and does not generalize to movements other than the ones trained. In rodent models of post-stroke recovery, this problem is poorly investigated as the training task is often the same as the one that measures motor function. The present study investigated whether motor training by pellet reaching translates into enhancement of different motor functions in rats after stroke...
January 14, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091782/adaptation-perceptual-learning-and-plasticity-of-brain-functions
#15
REVIEW
Jonathan C Horton, Manfred Fahle, Theo Mulder, Susanne Trauzettel-Klosinski
The capacity for functional restitution after brain damage is quite different in the sensory and motor systems. This series of presentations highlights the potential for adaptation, plasticity, and perceptual learning from an interdisciplinary perspective. The chances for restitution in the primary visual cortex are limited. Some patterns of visual field loss and recovery after stroke are common, whereas others are impossible, which can be explained by the arrangement and plasticity of the cortical map. On the other hand, compensatory mechanisms are effective, can occur spontaneously, and can be enhanced by training...
January 14, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089563/diagnostic-and-prognostic-relevance-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-electrophysiological-findings-in-acute-spinal-ischemia
#16
Dimitrios Artemis, Marc Wolf, Christian Blahak, Kristina Szabo, Michael G Hennerici, Marc Fatar
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to classify the rare entity of spontaneous spinal ischemia with clinical, magnetic resonance-tomographic, and electrophysiological parameters to determine criteria for outcome prediction. METHODS: We analyzed the stroke registry database of the University Hospital Mannheim, Germany, from 2004 to 2010 for patients with a diagnosis of vascular spinal cord ischemia. RESULTS: Ten patients were identified (mean age 65 years [range 50-83], 5 women)...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086871/the-integrated-care-pathway-for-post-stroke-patients-icapps-a-shared-care-approach-between-stakeholders-in-areas-with-limited-access-to-specialist-stroke-care-services
#17
Aznida Firzah Abdul Aziz, Nor Azlin Mohd Nordin, Mohd Fairuz Ali, Noor Azah Abd Aziz, Saperi Sulong, Syed Mohamed Aljunid
BACKGROUND: Lack of intersectoral collaboration within public health sectors compound efforts to promote effective multidisciplinary post stroke care after discharge following acute phase. A coordinated, primary care-led care pathway to manage post stroke patients residing at home in the community was designed by an expert panel of specialist stroke care providers to help overcome fragmented post stroke care in areas where access is limited or lacking. METHODS: Expert panel discussions comprising Family Medicine Specialists, Neurologists, Rehabilitation Physicians and Therapists, and Nurse Managers from Ministry of Health and acadaemia were conducted...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081026/the-effect-of-nebulized-glycopyrrolate-on-posterior-drooling-in-patients-with-brain-injury-two-cases-of-different-brain-lesions
#18
Zee-Ihn Lee, Kwang Jae Yu, Dae Hee Lee, Seong Kyung Hong, Seung Beom Woo, Jong Min Kim, Donghwi Park
Posterior drooling, which can lead to substantial respiratory morbidity, including unexplained lung diseases and recurrent pneumonia, is an important issue in the rehabilitation unit. There are various treatment options for posterior drooling, including pharmacologic therapy, oral motor or behavioral therapy, biofeedback, local glandular injection of botulinum toxin, irradiation, and surgery. Among them, nebulized glycopyrrolate has the following advantages: It is noninvasive and is relatively free of central adverse effects because it does not cross the blood-brain barrier unlike other anticholinergics...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079400/dysphagia-therapy-post-stroke-an-exploration-of-the-practices-and-clinical-decision-making-of-speech-language-pathologists-in-australia
#19
Olivia Jones, Jade Cartwright, Anne Whitworth, Naomi Cocks
PURPOSE: A variety of dysphagia management options are available for the treatment of dysphagia following a stroke, however, it is unknown which of these approaches are most commonly utilised by Australian speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and whether particular factors influence decision-making. METHOD: The aim of this study was to investigate, through an online survey, the treatment practices of SLPs in Australia for the treatment of dysphagia post-stroke and identify the factors influencing treatment decisions...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077661/characterizing-differential-post-stroke-corticomotor-drive-to-the-dorsi-and-plantarflexor-muscles-during-resting-and-volitional-muscle-activation
#20
Jacqueline Ann Palmer, Ryan Zarzycki, Susanne M Morton, Trisha M Kesar, Stuart A Binder-Macleod
Imbalance of corticomotor excitability between the paretic and nonparetic limbs has been associated with the extent of upper extremity motor recovery post-stroke, is greatly influenced by specific testing conditions such as the presence or absence of volitional muscle activation, and may vary across muscle groups. However, despite its clinical importance, post-stroke corticomotor drive to lower extremity muscles has not been thoroughly investigated. Additionally, while conventional gait rehabilitation strategies for stroke survivors focus on paretic limb foot drop and dorsiflexion impairments, most contemporary literature has indicated that paretic limb propulsion and plantarflexion impairments are the most significant limiters to post-stroke walking function...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
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