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Perfusion scintigraphy

C Fielder Camm, Alexander Emery, Elizabeth Rose-Innes, Sergei Pavlitchouk, Nikant Sabharwal, Andrew D Kelion
BACKGROUND: Using myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS), an increase in left ventricular (LV) volumes or a decrease in ejection fraction (EF) from rest to stress may be clinically important. The variation in these measures between the low-dose stress acquisition and high-dose rest acquisition in a one-day stress-rest protocol has not been established. We assessed the reproducibility of gated volumetric indices between stress and rest and the normal variation in ungated TID ratio for a one-day stress-rest99m Tc-tetrofosmin protocol...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Wolfgang Michael Schaefer, Daniela Knollmann, Jerome Avondo, Andreas Meyer
AIM: In pulmonary emphysema lung volume reduction procedures (LVRP) can optimize respiratory pump function. Identification of the most affected lobe can be reached using relative lobar volume (relVol) from CT, but this approach disregards the corresponding lobar perfusion. The aim of the study was therefore to establish a new parameter combining relVol from CT and relative perfusion (relPerf) from perfusion SPECT as a single parameter (volume/perfusion ratio (VPR)) to optimize the identification procedure...
February 2018: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
Giorgio Carrabba, Marco Riva, Valeria Conte, Andrea Di Cristofori, Manuela Caroli, Marco Locatelli, Massimo Castellani, Paolo Bucciarelli, Andrea Artoni, Nino Stocchetti, Ida Martinelli, Paolo Rampini
The surgical resection of meningiomas can be complicated by venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the post-operative period, but the exact incidence of this event is not known. Aim of this study was to assess the occurrence of VTE in patients operated for meningioma who underwent a post-operative clinical and objective screening for VTE. Patients undergoing meningioma resection between 2000 and 2010 who accepted to be investigated for VTE in the post-operative period were included in the study. The screening included daily clinical assessment, pulmonary perfusion scintigraphy (Q-SCAN) on day 2 and venous compression ultrasonography (CUS) of the lower limbs within day 7...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Jonas Munch Nielsen, Jann Mortensen
The diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) relies on clinical assessment, D-dimer test and diagnostic imaging. Modern CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA), ventilation/perfusion  single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and SPECT/CT are rather equal in terms of sensitivity, specificity and inconclusive results for the diagnosis of PE, outper-forming planar lung scintigraphy. Furthermore, SPECT/CT and CTPA can both provide important information regarding differential diagnoses. Thus, the choice of primary diag-nostic modality relies on local expertise, availability and special circumstances like radiation dose, contraindications and the clinical urgency...
February 19, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Sabrina Bressieux-Degueldre, Damien Schaffner, Michaël Hofer, Nicole Sekarski, Federica Vanoni
The cause of Kawasaki disease (KD) is still unknown, but an infectious origin and genetic susceptibility have been suggested. The American Heart Association has changed the guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of KD in 2017. One goal is to better identify patients most at risk, particularly young children with « incomplete » KD. In case of intravenous immunoglobulin resistance, alternative treatments to the traditional use of corticosteroids, such as TNF-alpha inhibitors have been proposed. For all patients with coronary aneurisms, regular assessment of myocardial perfusion is recommended, either with stress echocardiography, MRI, scintigraphy or PET-scan...
February 14, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Stacey J Howell, Jonathan Bui, Balasingam Thevakumar, Ezra A Amsterdam
There are few data on the utility of physician selection of cardiac tests, including no-test, in a chest pain unit (CPU) to rule out acute coronary syndrome in low-risk patients without a history of coronary artery disease. We analyzed consecutive low-risk patients admitted to our CPU between 2012 and 2014 and determined the proportion of patients selected for testing, the type of initial cardiac test selected, and the incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) at 30 days and 6 months. The study group comprised 619 patients: mean age 57 years (27 to 92), 332 women (54%), and 360 (58%) with multiple cardiac risk factors...
January 10, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
L Nissen, S Winther, J Westra, J A Ejlersen, C Isaksen, A Rossi, N R Holm, G Urbonaviciene, L C Gormsen, L H Madsen, E H Christiansen, M Maeng, L L Knudsen, L Frost, L Brix, H E Bøtker, S E Petersen, M Bøttcher
Aims: Perfusion scans after coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) may reduce unnecessary invasive coronary angiographies (ICAs). However, the diagnostic accuracy of perfusion scans after primary CCTA is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) against ICA with fractional flow reserve (FFR) in patients suspected of CAD by CCTA...
February 13, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Jonathan Soldera, Fábio Camazzola, Santiago Rodríguez, Ajacio Brandão
The impact of coronary artery disease on the clinical course of patients enrolled for liver transplantation (LT) has changed over the years as these patients become older and sicker. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to investigate the value of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE), myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS), and invasive coronary angiography (ICA) in predicting cardiac events post-LT in cirrhotic patients. A literature search was conducted using Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, MEDLINE (via PubMed), BIREME (regional medical library of the Pan American Health Organization), LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature), Cochrane Library for Systematic Reviews, and OpenGrey Repository (www...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
Gisela M B Meyer, Fernanda B Spilimbergo, Stephan Atmayer, Gabriel S Pacini, Matheus Zanon, Guilherme Watte, Edson Marchiori, Bruno Hochhegger
INTRODUCTION: Our goal was to assess the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a single method to diagnose pulmonary hypertension (PH) compared to right heart catheterization (RHC), computed tomography (CT), and ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) scintigraphy. METHODS: We identified 35 patients diagnosed with PH by RHC in our institution who have also undergone a CT, a scintigraphy, and an MRI within a month. All cases were discussed in multidisciplinary meetings...
February 12, 2018: Lung
Paolo Ruggeri, Federica Lo Bello, Francesco Nucera, Michele Gaeta, Francesco Monaco, Gaetano Caramori, Giuseppe Girbino
We present here the case of a 30-year-old man with a long term history of nephrotic syndrome (NS) who developed an episode of acute left main pulmonary artery thrombosis complicated by a lung abscess. During the hospital admission was also identified a concomitant hyperhomocysteinemia. After an atypical resection of the left upper pulmonary lobe and the starting of long term anticoagulation the patient was discharged but did not attend the planned follow up visits until one year later when he was seen again for severe dyspnea and exercise intolerance...
December 19, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Patrick Tivnan, Henny H Billett, Leonard M Freeman, Linda B Haramati
Sickle cell disease, a complex disorder with known pulmonary complications, has the potential to confound the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. We hypothesized that when the choice of imaging is guided by chest radiographic results, CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) and Ventilation-Perfusion (V/Q) scintigraphy have comparable diagnostic performance in sickle cell disease. Methods: A retrospective cohort of adults with sickle cell disease who were imaged for suspected pulmonary embolism with either CTPA or V/Q, from 2000-2016, at our institution, was established...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Hiroaki Nomori, Atsushi Shiraishi, Yue Cong, Kazufusa Shoji, Masafumi Misawa, Hiroshi Sugimura, Yu Oyama
OBJECTIVE: Our study aim was to determine whether there are differential changes in whole-lung and regional lung functions after lobectomy for lung cancer between propensity score-matched patients treated with and without induction chemoradiotherapy, by using single-photon emission computed tomography lung perfusion. METHODS: This study was a retrospective matched cohort study of consecutively acquired data. Pulmonary function test and perfusion scintigraphy were conducted before lobectomy and 6 months after lobectomy in patients treated with induction therapy (n = 72) and in those not treated (n = 170), for measuring functional changes of whole lung, contralateral lung, and lobes...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Denise Mayumi Tanaka, Luciano Fonseca Lemos de Oliveira, José Antônio Marin-Neto, Minna Moreira Dias Romano, Eduardo Elias Vieira de Carvalho, Antonio Carlos Leite de Barros Filho, Fernando Fonseca França Ribeiro, Jorge Mejia Cabeza, Carla Duque Lopes, Camila Godoy Fabricio, Norival Kesper, Henrique Turin Moreira, Lauro Wichert-Ana, André Schmidt, Maria de Lourdes Higuchi, Edécio Cunha-Neto, Marcus Vinícius Simões
BACKGROUND: Myocardial perfusion defects (MPD) due to coronary microvascular dysfunction is frequent in chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC) and may be involved with development of myocardial damage. We investigated whether MPD precedes left ventricular systolic dysfunction and tested the hypothesis that prolonged use of dipyridamole (DIPY) could reduce MPD in an experimental model of CCC in hamsters. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated female hamsters 6-months after T...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Brandon A Howard, Lance Roy, Alan David Kaye, Srinivas Pyati
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the current understanding of the role of three-phase bone scintigraphy (TPBS) in the diagnosis and management of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), discuss its advantages and limitations, and present three examples of TPBS patterns typically seen in CRPS patients. RECENT FINDINGS: CRPS is a debilitating disorder frequently presenting with pain to ordinarily non-painful stimuli, redness, swelling, following fractures, stroke, myocardial infarction, surgery, or even minor trauma, and its diagnosis, based on clinical criteria and supportive imaging findings, is difficult...
February 1, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Matthias Rief, Lisa Hartmann, Dominik Geisel, Felicitas Richter, Winfried Brenner, Marc Dewey
OBJECTIVES: To investigate DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in blood lymphocytes induced by two-day 99mTc-MIBI myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) using y-H2AX immunofluorescence microscopy and to correlate the results with 99mTc activity in blood samples. METHODS: Eleven patients who underwent two-day MPS were included. DSB blood sampling was performed before and 5min, 1h and 24h after the first and second radiotracer injections. 99mTc activity was measured in each blood sample...
January 30, 2018: European Radiology
Theodore Pipikos, Alkistis Kapelouzou, Diamantis I Tsilimigras, Yannis Fostinis, Marina Pipikou, Athanassios Theodorakos, Antonis N Pavlidis, Christos Kontogiannis, Dennis V Cokkinos, Maria Koutelou
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is considered a major cause of death and disability. Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) as a non-invasive diagnostic imaging procedure and certain biomarkers associated with myocardial ischemia (ISCH), such as ischemia-modified albumin (IMA), neuropeptide Y (NPY), N-terminal pro b-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and high-sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT) could probably aid in the detection of myocardial infarction. METHODS: Between December 2011 and June 2012, we prospectively analyzed patients who underwent a MPS study with the clinical question of myocardial ISCH...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Jung-Tung Liu, Chen-Hsing Su, Se-Yi Chen, Sang-Jek Liew, Cheng-Siu Chang
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective case-controlled study intended to identify the benefits and efficacy of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) as a therapeutic strategy for patients with perfusion problems caused by critical limb ischemia (CLI). The outcomes of patients who received SCS were compared with those of patients who did not receive SCS. METHODS: This study recruited 78 patients who were diagnosed with perfusion problems over the period of 2003-2011. Lower-limb Thallium-201 (201 Tl) scintigraphy revealed that the patients exhibited a perfusion difference of <0...
January 26, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Jan Mrozek, Jana Petrova, Jana Vaclavkova, Vladimir Janovsky, Lubos Kraus, Pavel Jansa
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Thromboembolic disease is the third most common cardiovascular disorder and deep vein thrombosis carries the risk of pulmonary embolism (PE). Questions related to reperfusion after PE remain, especially risk factors. Incomplete reperfusion after PE is closely related to the development of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. The aim of this study was to determine the relation between reperfusion after PE in the long term over a period of 24 months, laboratory results and clinical risk factors found during the initial PE event...
January 24, 2018: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Mariko Asai, Hiroshi Tanaka, Yasutomo Goto, Tetsuya Yamada, Norihiro Yuasa, Eiji Takeuchi, Hideo Miyake, Hidemasa Nagai, Yuichiro Yoshioka, Masataka Okuno, Natsuko Kawai, Takayuki Minami, Takuya Nagao, Shingo Maeda, Koichi Mouri, Kouji Fukata, Hironori Mizuno, Takuji Iwase, Kanji Miyata
A 62-year-old woman received chemotherapy for breast cancer with bone metastasis and malignant pleural and pericardial effusion. She was examined by imaging for progressive cognitive impairment and headache. Enhanced MRI findings showed multiple solid tumors on brain surface, and brain perfusion scintigraphy showed blood flow decrease in both parietal lobes. She was diagnosed with secondary dementia due to leptomeningeal metastases of breast cancer, and whole brain external irradiation was performed(30 Gy/15 Fr)...
December 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Mario Iannaccone, Sebastiano Gili, Ovidio De Filippo, Salvatore D'Amico, Marco Gagliardi, Maurizio Bertaina, Silvia Mazzilli, Sara Rettegno, Federica Bongiovanni, Paolo Gatti, Fabrizio Ugo, Giacomo G Boccuzzi, Salvatore Colangelo, Silvia Prato, Claudio Moretti, Maurizio D'Amico, Patrizia Noussan, Roberto Garbo, David Hildick-Smith, Fiorenzo Gaita, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ischaemia tests and biomarkers are widely adopted to rule out acute coronary syndrome in the emergency department. Their diagnostic accuracy has yet to be precisely defined. METHODS: Medline, Cochrane Library CENTRAL, EMBASE and Biomed Central were systematically screened (start date 1 September 2016, end date 1 December 2016). Prospective studies (observational or randomised controlled trial) comparing functional/imaging or biochemical tests for patients presenting with chest pain to the emergency department were included...
January 1, 2018: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
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