keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Asthma obesity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667453/impaired-health-related-quality-of-life-and-related-risk-factors-among-u-s-adults-with-asthma
#1
Cynthia A Pate, Hatice S Zahran, Cathy M Bailey
Objective This study assessed Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and related risk factors among adults with asthma in the United States. Using the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), we examined the association between four domains of impaired HRQoL and selected explanatory factors.  Methods A BRFSS sample of 39 321 adults with asthma was used in this study. We examined the association between fair/poor health, ≥14 mentally unhealthy days, ≥14 physically unhealthy days, and ≥14 days of activity limitation and selected explanatory variables (sex, race/ethnicity, age, annual household income, healthcare coverage, physical activity, smoking status, Body Mass Index (BMI), having a coexisting disease, and being diagnosed with depression) using multivariable logistic regression models...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665658/effect-of-the-anti-il-17-antibody-on-allergic-inflammation-in-an-obesity-related-asthma-model
#2
Lin Liang, Jung Hur, Ji Young Kang, Chin Kook Rhee, Young Kyoon Kim, Sook Young Lee
Background/Aims: The co-occurrence of obesity aggravates asthma symptoms. Diet-induced obesity increases helper T cell (TH) 17 cell differentiation in adipose tissue and the spleen. The 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor pravastatin can potentially be used to treat asthma in obese patients by inhibiting interleukin 17 (IL-17) expression. This study investigated the combined effects of pravastatin and anti-IL-17 antibody treatment on allergic inflammation in a mouse model of obesity-related asthma...
April 19, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664674/associations-between-neighborhood-walkability-and-incident-and-ongoing-asthma-in-children
#3
Elinor Simons, Sharon D Dell, Rahim Moineddin, Teresa To
RATIONALE: Childhood asthma has shown variable associations with children's physical activity. Neighborhood walkability captures community features that promote walking and is protective against some chronic conditions, such as obesity and diabetes. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated associations between home neighborhood walkability and incident and ongoing childhood asthma. METHODS: This population-based cohort study used prospectively-collected administrative healthcare data for the province of Ontario housed at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences...
April 17, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659630/body-mass-index-of-92-027-patients-acutely-admitted-to-general-hospitals-in-denmark-associated-clinical-characteristics-and-30-day-mortality
#4
Sigrid Bjerge Gribsholt, Lars Pedersen, Bjørn Richelsen, Olaf Dekkers, Reimar Wernich Thomsen
BACKGROUND: Data are sparse on the range of BMI among patients acutely admitted to general hospitals. We investigated BMI values and associated patient characteristics, reasons for hospital admission, and mortality in Denmark. METHODS: We identified all persons with an acute inpatient admission 2011-2014 in Central Denmark Region and assessed BMI measurements recorded in the Clinical Information System. We used cross-sectional and cohort analyses to examine the BMI distribution and its association with demographic characteristics, comorbidities, medication use, tobacco smoking, reasons for admission, and 30-day mortality...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653255/promoting-father-involvement-for-child-and-family-health
#5
REVIEW
Brandon S Allport, Sara Johnson, Anushka Aqil, Alain B Labrique, Timothy Nelson, Angela Kc, Yorghos Carabas, Arik V Marcell
Paternal involvement in children's lives is associated with a variety of child outcomes, from improved cognition and mental health to reduced obesity rates and asthma exacerbations. Given this evidence, the American Academy of Pediatrics has promoted actions by pediatricians to engage fathers in pediatric care. Despite these recommendations, the mother-child dyad remains a frequent focus of care, rather than the mother-father-child triad. Furthermore, pediatric care is often leveraged to improve maternal health, such as screening for maternal depression, but paternal health is infrequently addressed even as men tend to exhibit riskier behaviors, poorer primary care utilization, and lower life expectancy...
April 10, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628285/using-electronic-health-record-data-for-environmental-and-place-based-population-health-research-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Leah H Schinasi, Amy H Auchincloss, Christopher B Forrest, Ana V Diez Roux
PURPOSE: We conducted a systematic review of literature published on January 2000-May 2017 that spatially linked electronic health record (EHR) data with environmental information for population health research. METHODS: We abstracted information on the environmental and health outcome variables and the methods and data sources used. RESULTS: The automated search yielded 669 articles; 128 articles are included in the full review. The number of articles increased by publication year; the majority (80%) were from the United States, and the mean sample size was approximately 160,000...
March 21, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627041/obesity-and-asthma
#7
REVIEW
Ubong Peters, Anne E Dixon, Erick Forno
Obesity is a vast public health problem and both a major risk factor and disease modifier for asthma in children and adults. Obese subjects have increased asthma risk, and obese asthmatic patients have more symptoms, more frequent and severe exacerbations, reduced response to several asthma medications, and decreased quality of life. Obese asthma is a complex syndrome, including different phenotypes of disease that are just beginning to be understood. We examine the epidemiology and characteristics of this syndrome in children and adults, as well as the changes in lung function seen in each age group...
April 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623708/-gut-microbiota-its-development-and-relation-to-certain-diseases
#8
Hana Kiňová Sepová, Boris Dudík, Andrea Bilková
Coexistence of humans with microorganisms is well known for a long time. Besides the association with infectious diseases, personal microbiota is important for human health, possibly for some non-infectious diseases. Colonization of the human body with appropriate microorganisms after delivery is essential for physiological immune system maturation and also has an influence on central nervous system development. The composition of the gut microbiota is affected by the mode of delivery, early life nutrition and last but not least by lifestyle and drug, especially antibiotics intake...
2018: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609840/-persistent-asthma-chronic-therapy-quantitative-compliance-in-daily-practice
#9
P Devillier, C Ghasarossian, P Terrioux, M Schiratti, E Leutenegger
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to assess, compliance with maintenance treatment in patients with persistent asthma in clinical practice. METHODS: This observational, cross-sectional, prospective, multicenter study was conducted in metropolitan France on patients with persistent asthma under the care of a representative sample of general practitioners and pneumologists. Compliance was determined via access to the Health Insurance database allowing comparison between the actual consumption of medications and the corresponding theoretical consumption related to prescription...
March 30, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608145/intraperitoneal-glucose-tolerance-test-measurement-of-lung-function-and-fixation-of-the-lung-to-study-the-impact-of-obesity-and-impaired-metabolism-on-pulmonary-outcomes
#10
Katharina Dinger, Jasmine Mohr, Christina Vohlen, Dharmesh Hirani, Eva Hucklenbruch-Rother, Regina Ensenauer, Jörg Dötsch, Miguel A Alejandre Alcazar
Obesity and respiratory disorders are major health problems. Obesity is becoming an emerging epidemic with an expected number of over 1 billion obese individuals worldwide by 2030, thus representing a growing socioeconomic burden. Simultaneously, obesity-related comorbidities, including diabetes as well as heart and chronic lung diseases, are continuously on the rise. Although obesity has been associated with increased risk for asthma exacerbations, worsening of respiratory symptoms, and poor control, the functional role of obesity and perturbed metabolism in the pathogenesis of chronic lung disease is often underestimated, and underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595010/-asthma-and-obesity-preventable-therapeutic-trap-with-careful-follow-up
#11
S Peerboom, R Louis, F Schleich
Nowadays, more and more obese asthmatics visit a pulmonologist. It is proven that overweight stirs up the severity of the bronchopathy. It is a concept that is now anchored in the minds of most modern practitioners. Nevertheless, the idea that in some patients, excess weight can be an independent cause of the persistence of respiratory complaints, is sometimes neglected. This case report is about a severely obese poorly controlled asthmatic man, who turns out to be suffering from a concomitant obesity-hypoventilation syndrome...
March 2018: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571538/efficacy-of-an-exercise-intervention-among-children-with-comorbid-asthma-and-obesity
#12
J A Lucas, S Moonie, M B Hogan, W N Evans
OBJECTIVES: Children with comorbid asthma and obesity present with more severe and harder-to-control disease than asthmatic children at healthy weight. Weight loss has been shown to improve asthma symptoms, yet physical activity may be difficult due to exercise-induced bronchospasm. Children with asthma have lower exercise rates than non-asthmatics. The objective of this study was to retrospectively evaluate attrition rates and program outcome measures (Body Mass Index [BMI] and maximum oxygen consumption [VO2 max]) among asthmatic and non-asthmatic participants...
March 21, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570988/frailty-and-comorbidities-among-survivors-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-a-cross-sectional-examination-of-a-hospital-based-survivorship-cohort
#13
Andrew B Smitherman, Chelsea Anderson, Jennifer L Lund, Jeannette T Bensen, Donald L Rosenstein, Hazel B Nichols
PURPOSE: Cancer survivors are at increased risk for the early development of age-related chronic medical conditions compared with peers without a history of cancer; however, little is known regarding the burden of these conditions among survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancers. In response, we sought to determine the prevalence of specific comorbidities and frailty among AYAs (15-39 years old at diagnosis) enrolled in a cancer survivorship cohort. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional survey of a tertiary medical center-based cancer survivorship cohort, we determined the prevalence of specific comorbidities and frailty using the survey-based FRAIL assessment...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565501/the-relationship-between-muc5ac-high-secretion-and-munc18b-upregulation-in-obese-asthma
#14
W-M Hao, S-F Sun, H-P Tang
OBJECTIVE: Mucus production and hypersecretion are important pathophysiological features of asthma. Airway mucus secretion is more serious in obese asthma. Therefore, it is of great significance to elucidate the mechanism of asthma airway mucus high secretion in improving the control of asthma and the prognosis of obese asthmatic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Obese asthmatic mice model was established to test the airway resistance and mucin secretion by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563159/-alternaria-sensitisation-at-age-6-years-is-associated-with-subsequent-airway-hyper-responsiveness-in-non-asthmatics
#15
Anunya Hiranrattana, Debra A Stern, Stefano Guerra, Marilyn Halonen, Anne L Wright, Michael Daines, Fernando D Martinez, Wayne J Morgan
In the non-selected birth cohort Tucson Children's Respiratory Study, early sensitisation to Alternaria was associated with increased airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR) into adult life among non-asthmatics. The increase in AHR was of a similar magnitude to that seen for Alternaria sensitised asthmatics and was primarily evident among those who were overweight or obese. In contrast, there was no significant association between early sensitisation to aeroallergens other than Alternaria and AHR among non-asthmatics...
March 21, 2018: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559374/the-effects-of-nigella-sativa-l-on-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Nazli Namazi, Bagher Larijani, Mohammad Hossein Ayati, Mohammad Abdollahi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Nigella sativa L. (N.sativa) is a traditional herbal medicine that has been used for centuries to treat rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, asthma, and other metabolic disorders. Recently, anti-obesity characteristics of N.sativa have been indicated. AIM OF THE STUDY: The effects of N. sativa as a complementary therapy in obesity management remains controversial. We aimed to perform a meta-analysis on the effects of supplementation with N...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556728/patterns-of-body-composition-relating-to-chronic-respiratory-diseases-among-adults-in-four-resource-poor-settings-in-peru
#17
Grace Trompeter, Matthew R Grigsby, Catherine H Miele, Robert A Wise, Robert H Gilman, J Jaime Miranda, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, William Checkley
PURPOSE: Body composition is known to influence the development and progression of chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs). We sought to characterize the unique anthropometric phenotypes that present with asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and chronic bronchitis across four distinct settings in Peru. METHODS: We collected sociodemographic, clinical history, and spirometry data from 2959 participants from Lima, Tumbes, and rural and urban Puno. We compared the prevalence of CRDs among different study sites and described disease phenotypes...
March 20, 2018: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548630/sleep-apnea-morbidity-a-consequence-of-microbial-immune-cross-talk
#18
REVIEW
Nuria Farré, Ramon Farré, David Gozal
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) has emerged as a highly prevalent public health problem that imposes important mid-term and long-term consequences, namely cardiovascular, metabolic, cognitive and cancer-related alterations. OSA is characterized by increased upper airway resistance, alveolar hypoventilation, and recurrent upper airway obstruction during sleep. Recurrent collapse of the upper airway develops with sleep onset, and is associated with both intermittent hypoxemia and sleep fragmentation. The microbiome is a vast and complex polymicrobial ecosystem that coexists with the human organism, and has been identified as playing significant roles in the development of host immunological phenotypes...
March 13, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538366/prenatal-perinatal-and-neonatal-risk-factors-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Elizabeth Hisle-Gorman, Apryl Susi, Theophil Stokes, Gregory Gorman, Christine Erdie-Lalena, Cade M Nylund
BackgroundWe explored the association of 29 previously reported neonatal, perinatal, and prenatal conditions, and exposures with later diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a large sample of children followed over multiple years.MethodsA retrospective case-cohort study was formed using the Military Health System database. Cases were identified by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for ASD between 2000 and 2013, and were matched 3:1 with controls on sex, date of birth, and enrollment time frame...
April 18, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534066/progression-of-diabetes-heart-disease-and-stroke-multimorbidity-in-middle-aged-women-a-20-year-cohort-study
#20
Xiaolin Xu, Gita D Mishra, Annette J Dobson, Mark Jones
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke multimorbidity (co-occurrence of two or three of these conditions) has increased rapidly. Little is known about how the three conditions progress from one to another sequentially through the life course. We aimed to delineate this progression in middle-aged women and to determine the roles of common risk factors in the accumulation of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke multimorbidity. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used data from 13,714 women aged 45-50 years without a history of any of the three conditions...
March 2018: PLoS Medicine
keyword
keyword
42959
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"