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Organic synthesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813411/mammals-divert-endogenous-genotoxic-formaldehyde-into-one-carbon-metabolism
#1
Guillermo Burgos-Barragan, Niek Wit, Johannes Meiser, Felix A Dingler, Matthias Pietzke, Lee Mulderrig, Lucas B Pontel, Ivan V Rosado, Thomas F Brewer, Rebecca L Cordell, Paul S Monks, Christopher J Chang, Alexei Vazquez, Ketan J Patel
The folate-driven one-carbon (1C) cycle is a fundamental metabolic hub in cells that enables the synthesis of nucleotides and amino acids and epigenetic modifications. This cycle might also release formaldehyde, a potent protein and DNA crosslinking agent that organisms produce in substantial quantities. Here we show that supplementation with tetrahydrofolate, the essential cofactor of this cycle, and other oxidation-prone folate derivatives kills human, mouse and chicken cells that cannot detoxify formaldehyde or that lack DNA crosslink repair...
August 16, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813158/continuous-flow-synthesis-of-morpholines-and-oxazepanes-with-silicon-amine-protocol-slap-reagents-and-lewis-acid-facilitated-photoredox-catalysis
#2
Moritz K Jackl, Luca Legnani, Bill Morandi, Jeffrey W Bode
Photocatalytic coupling of aldehydes and silicon amine protocol (SLAP) reagents enables the simple, scalable synthesis of substituted morpholines, oxazepanes, thiomorpholines, and thiazepanes under continuous flow conditions. Key to the success of this process is the combination of an inexpensive organic photocatalyst (TPP) and a Lewis acid additive, which form an amine radical cation that is easily reduced to complete the catalytic cycle. Di- and trisubstituted SLAP reagents are formed in one step by an iron-catalyzed aminoetherification of olefins...
August 16, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813058/fine-tuning-of-catalytic-and-sorption-properties-of-metal-organic-frameworks-via-in-situ-ligand-exchange
#3
Peng Wang, Kai Chen, Qing Liu, Huai-Wei Wang, Mohammad Azam, Saud I Al-Resayes, Yi Lu, Wei-Yin Sun
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are gaining considerable attention not only because of their diverse structures but also due to their interesting properties and potential applications. However, fabrication of MOFs with desired structures and properties remains a great challenge. In this study, a strategy based on ligand exchange via single-crystal-to-single-crystal (SCSC) transformation has been undertaken, which can be used to achieve MOFs not available by direct synthesis and also to enrich the family of isoreticular MOFs...
August 16, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812904/pd-catalyzed-regioselective-asymmetric-addition-reaction-of-unprotected-pyrimidines-to-alkoxyallene
#4
Soyeong Kang, Seok Hyeon Jang, Juyeol Lee, Dong-Gil Kim, Mijin Kim, Wook Jeong, Young Ho Rhee
Catalytic asymmetric synthesis of N-heterocyclic glycosides free of protecting and directing groups is reported. The key reaction is highlighted by the atom-efficient and regioselective addition of unprotected pyrimidines to highly functionalized alkoxyallene. Numerous acyclic and cyclic N-heterocyclic glycosides are accessed with minimal formation of organic byproducts. The synthetic utility of the reaction is demonstrated by the first catalytic asymmetric synthesis of anticancer pharmaceutical (-)-Tegafur and stereoselective synthesis of an oxepane nucleoside derivative...
August 16, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812871/high-performance-porous-molybdenum-oxynitride-based-fiber-supercapacitors
#5
Dan Ruan, Rui Lin, Kui Jiang, Xiang Yu, Yaofeng Zhu, Yaqin Fu, Zilong Wang, He Yan, Wenjie Mai
Scalable manufacturing of flexible, fiber-shaped energy storage devices has enabled great technological advances in wearable and portable technology. Replacing inefficient oxides with inexpensive and high-performance oxynitrides with more favourable 3D structures is critical if the practical applications of these technologies are to be realised. Here we developed a facile and controllable approach for the synthesis of 3D porous micropillars of molybdenum oxynitride, which exhibit high conductivity, robust stability and excellent energy storage properties...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812823/an-assessment-of-national-maternal-and-child-health-policy-makers-knowledge-and-capacity-for-evidence-informed-policy-making-in-nigeria
#6
Chigozie Jesse Uneke, Issiaka Sombie, Namoudou Keita, Virgil Lokossou, Ermel Johnson, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest globally in the use of more rigorous processes to ensure that maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence use. The purpose of this study was to engage Nigerian MNCH policy-makers and other stakeholders to consider issues around research to policy and practice interface and to assess their existing knowledge and capacity on the use of research evidence for policy-making and practice...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812774/self-adaptive-hydrogels-to-mineralization
#7
Tooba Shoaib, Ariel Carmichael, R E Corman, Yun Shen, Thanh H Nguyen, Randy H Ewoldt, Rosa M Espinosa-Marzal
Mineralized biological tissues, whose behavior can range from rigid to compliant, are an essential component of vertebrates and invertebrates. Little is known about how the behavior of mineralized yet compliant tissues can be tuned by the degree of mineralization. In this work, a synthesis route to tune the structure and mechanical response of agarose gels via ionic crosslinking and mineralization has been developed. A combination of experimental techniques demonstrates that crosslinking via cooperative hydrogen bonding in agarose gels is disturbed by calcium ions, but they promote ionic crosslinking that modifies the agarose network...
August 16, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812085/high-tc-superconducting-phases-in-organic-molecular-intercalated-iron-selenides-synthesis-and-crystal-structures
#8
Shifeng Jin, Xiao Fan, Xiaozhi Wu, Ruijin Sun, Hui Wu, Qingzhen Huang, Chenlong Shi, Xuekui Xi, Zhilin Li, Xiaolong Chen
Hybrid iron-based superconductors were synthesized by sonochemical insertion of organic molecules into FeSe layers. High quality of the samples first enabled reliable phase identifications and three structure types were discovered. Structure determination based on neutron data further facilitated the understanding of their structural stability, doping levels and temperature driven structural transitions.
August 16, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811650/diet-induced-obesity-leads-to-metabolic-dysregulation-in-offspring-via-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-a-sex-specific-manner
#9
J H Park, Y Yoo, M Cho, J Lim, A M Lindroth, Y J Park
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Exposure to metabolic stress has been suggested to influence the susceptibility to metabolic disorders in offspring according to epidemiological and animal studies. Nevertheless, molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We investigated impacts of diet-induced paternal obesity on metabolic phenotypes in offspring and its underlying molecular mechanism. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Male founder mice (F0), fed with control diet (CD) or high fat diet (HFD), were mated with CD-fed females...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811569/transcriptional-response-to-stress-is-pre-wired-by-promoter-and-enhancer-architecture
#10
Anniina Vihervaara, Dig Bijay Mahat, Michael J Guertin, Tinyi Chu, Charles G Danko, John T Lis, Lea Sistonen
Programs of gene expression are executed by a battery of transcription factors that coordinate divergent transcription from a pair of tightly linked core initiation regions of promoters and enhancers. Here, to investigate how divergent transcription is reprogrammed upon stress, we measured nascent RNA synthesis at nucleotide-resolution, and profiled histone H4 acetylation in human cells. Our results globally show that the release of promoter-proximal paused RNA polymerase into elongation functions as a critical switch at which a gene's response to stress is determined...
August 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811499/the-role-of-dermcidin-isoform-2-in-the-occurrence-and-severity-of-diabetes
#11
Suman Bhattacharya, Md Mobidullah Khan, Chandradipa Ghosh, Sarbashri Bank, Smarajit Maiti
Diabetes is now epidemic worldwide. Several hundred-million peoples are presently suffering from this disease with other secondary-disorders. Stress, hypertension, sedentary life-style, carbohydrate/lipid metabolic-disorders due to genetic or environmental factors attributes to type-1 and/or type-2 diabetes. Present investigation demonstrates that stress-induced protein dermcidin isoform-2 (DCN-2) which appears in the serum of diabetic-patients play a key-role in this disease pathogenesis/severity. DCN-2 suppresses insulin production-release from liver/pancreas...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810889/dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate-and-dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate-cortisol-ratio-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-septic-shock-another-sign-of-hepatoadrenal-syndrome
#12
Ming-Hung Tsai, Hui-Chun Huang, Yun-Shing Peng, Yung-Chang Chen, Ya-Chung Tian, Chih-Wei Yang, Jau-Min Lien, Ji-Tseng Fang, Cheng-Shyong Wu, Sen-Yung Hsieh, Fa-Yauh Lee
BACKGROUND: Cirrhotic patients are susceptible to sepsis and critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency (CIRCI). Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) is a corticotropin-dependent adrenal androgen, which has immunostimulating and antiglucocorticoid effects. Considering the synchronized synthesis of cortisol and DHEAS and their opposing effects to each other, investigators have proposed measuring these two hormones as a ratio. Severe sepsis has been associated with low DHEAS, especially relative to high cortisol...
August 15, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810621/effect-of-isopsoralen-on-smad7-in-osteoblastic-mc3t3-e1-cells
#13
Huicun Zhang, Na Ta
The primary pathological change in postmenopausal osteoporosis (PM-OP) is bone collagen loss caused by estrogen depletion. Osteoblasts synthesize type I collagen, which composes the organic matrix of bone. Although isopsoralen stimulates osteoblastic cell proliferation and differentiation, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 is an important cell signaling factor for stimulating collagen synthesis. To explore the association between isopsoralen and the synthesis of collagen in vitro, the molecular and biological association between isopsoralen and TGF-β signaling was examined...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810182/selenium-increases-hepatic-dna-methylation-and-modulates-one-carbon-metabolism-in-the-liver-of-mice
#14
Bodo Speckmann, Sarah Schulz, Franziska Hiller, Deike Hesse, Fabian Schumacher, Burkhard Kleuser, Jürgen Geisel, Rima Obeid, Tilman Grune, Anna P Kipp
The average intake of the essential trace element selenium (Se) is below the recommendation in most European countries, possibly causing sub-optimal expression of selenoproteins. It is still unclear how a suboptimal Se status may affect health. To mimic this situation, mice were fed one of three physiologically relevant amounts of Se. We focused on the liver, the organ most sensitive to changes in the Se supply indicated by hepatic glutathione peroxidase activity. In addition, liver is the main organ for synthesis of methyl groups and glutathione via one-carbon metabolism...
July 9, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810077/synthesis-of-ladder-polymers-developments-challenges-and-opportunities
#15
Yew Chin Teo, Holden W H Lai, Yan Xia
Ladder polymers are unique in that their backbones consist of fused rings with adjacent rings having two or more atoms in common. The restriction of bond rotations in rigid ladder polymers greatly limits their conformational freedom, leading to many intriguing and unique properties. As a non-traditional type of polymers, rigid ladder polymers are of great fundamental interest and technical importance as advanced materials for applications such as membrane gas separation and organic electronics. Ladder polymers can be divided into non-conjugated (with kinked conformations) and conjugated (with planar conformations) structures...
August 15, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809983/controllable-synthesis-of-inorganic-organic-zn1-xcdxs-deta-solid-solution-nanoflowers-and-their-enhanced-visible-light-photocatalytic-hydrogen-production-performance
#16
Jiali Lv, Jinfeng Zhang, Kai Dai, Changhao Liang, Guangping Zhu, Zhongliao Wang, Zhen Li
Sustainable photocatalytic hydrogen evolution (PHE) of water splitting has been utilized to solve the serious environmental pollution and energy shortage problems over the last decade. Inorganic-organic hybrid materials could combine the organic molecules and functional inorganic blocks into unique materials through complicated physical and chemical interactions. In this paper, diethylenetriamine (DETA) was used as an organic molecule template for the synthesis of inorganic-organic Zn1-xCdxS-DETA solid solution nanoflowers (NFs) at very low temperature...
August 15, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809964/self-assembly-of-m7l2-metal-organic-nanocapsules-using-mixed-macrocycles
#17
Chen Zhang, Kanishka Sikligar, Rahul S Patil, Charles L Barnes, Simon J Teat, Jerry L Atwood
The solvothermal synthesis of two M7L2 metal-organic nanocapsules from C-alkyl pyrogallol[3]resorcin[1]arene is reported. Using mixed macrocycles as building blocks shows great potential in the discovery of new metal-organic nanocapsules with novel properties.
August 15, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809791/imaging-collagen-in-scar-tissue-developments-in-second-harmonic-generation-microscopy-for-biomedical-applications
#18
REVIEW
Leila Mostaço-Guidolin, Nicole L Rosin, Tillie-Louise Hackett
The ability to respond to injury with tissue repair is a fundamental property of all multicellular organisms. The extracellular matrix (ECM), composed of fibrillar collagens as well as a number of other components is dis-regulated during repair in many organs. In many tissues, scaring results when the balance is lost between ECM synthesis and degradation. Investigating what disrupts this balance and what effect this can have on tissue function remains an active area of research. Recent advances in the imaging of fibrillar collagen using second harmonic generation (SHG) imaging have proven useful in enhancing our understanding of the supramolecular changes that occur during scar formation and disease progression...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809503/synthesis-of-denser-energetic-metal-organic-frameworks-via-a-tandem-anion-ligand-exchange-strategy
#19
Jichuan Zhang, Hui Su, Yalu Dong, Pengcheng Zhang, Yao Du, Shenghua Li, Michael Gozin, Siping Pang
High-density materials have attracted extensive attention because of their broad applications. However, strategies for improving the densities of MOFs and preparing denser MOFs remain almost unexplored. Herein, we propose a tandem anion-ligand exchange strategy for synthesizing denser MOFs by using three-dimensional cationic MOFs (3D CMOFs) with pillared layered structures as precursors and high-density anions and small monotopic ligands as exogenous guests. By means of this strategy, we choose the high-density nitroformate ion [C(NO2)3(-)] as an exogenous anion and water as an exogenous ligand to successfully synthesize two layered CMOFs...
August 15, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809072/decarbonylative-phosphorylation-of-amides-by-palladium-and-nickel-catalysis-the-hirao-cross-coupling-of-amide-derivatives
#20
Chengwei Liu, Michal Szostak
Considering the ubiquity of organophosphorus compounds in organic synthesis, pharmaceutical discovery agrochemical crop protection and materials chemistry, new methods for their construction hold particular significance. A conventional method for the synthesis of C-P bonds involves cross-coupling of aryl halides and dialkyl phosphites (the Hirao reaction). We report a catalytic deamidative phosphorylation of a wide range of amides using a palladium or nickel catalyst giving aryl phosphonates in good to excellent yields...
August 14, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
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