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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786905/quasi-3d-structured-interfaces-by-polymer-brushes
#1
REVIEW
Edmondo M Benetti
The fabrication of polymer brushes via surface-initiated controlled radical polymerizations has progressively developed beyond a simple surface functionalization technique, enabling the design of complex polymer interfaces with a quasi-3D molecular organization. The modulation of polymer brush structure has led to an extremely broad tuning potential for technologically relevant interfacial, physicochemical properties, allowing one to precisely tune swelling, nanomechanical, and nanotribological characteristics of polymer films...
May 22, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786832/the-primary-active-components-antioxidant-properties-and-differential-metabolite-profiles-of-radish-sprouts-raphanus-sativus-l-upon-domestic-storage-analysis-of-nutritional-quality
#2
Ru Li, Yi Zhu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the nutritional quality of radish sprouts (Raphanus sativus L.) upon domestic short-term storage. We stored fresh radish sprouts at 25±1°C and at 4±1°C for 12 h, detected phenolic substances, glucosinolates, isothiocyanates, vitamin C, and various antioxidant and abiotic stress-related factors. We investigated nutrient-related metabolic differences and associated pathways and postharvest treatment effects on nutritional quality via metabolomics analysis...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786438/an-accessible-method-for-dft-calculation-of-11b-nmr-shifts-of-organoboron-compounds
#3
Henry S Rzepa, Sergey Arkhipenko, Emily Wan, Marco T Sabatini, Valerija Karaluka, Andrew Whiting, Tom David Sheppard
The study of boron-mediated reactions in organic synthesis and reactions of organoboron compounds is greatly facilitated by the use of 11B NMR. However, the identification and characterisation of reaction intermediates in often complex systems is far from trivial, as 11B NMR does not provide any detailed structural information. Greater insight into the structures present in such systems can be obtained by using DFT chemical shift calculations to support or exclude proposed reaction intermediates. In this article, we report a rapid and accessible approach to the calculation of 11B NMR shifts that is applicable to a wide range of organoboron compounds...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786171/root-bacterial-endophytes-confer-drought-resistance-and-enhance-expression-and-activity-of-a-vacuolar-h-pumping-pyrophosphatase-in-pepper-plants
#4
Gianpiero Vigani, Eleonora Rolli, Ramona Marasco, Marta Dell'Orto, Grégoire Michoud, Asma Soussi, Noura Raddadi, Sara Borin, Claudia Sorlini, Graziano Zocchi, Daniele Daffonchio
It has been previously shown that the transgenic overexpression of the plant root vacuolar proton pumps H+ -ATPase (V-ATPase) and H+ -PPase (V-PPase) confer tolerance to drought. Since plant-root endophytic bacteria can also promote drought tolerance, we hypothesize that such promotion can be associated to the enhancement of the host vacuolar proton pumps expression and activity. To test this hypothesis, we selected two endophytic bacteria endowed with an array of in vitro plant growth promoting traits. Their genome sequences confirmed the presence of traits previously shown to confer drought resistance to plants, such as the synthesis of nitric oxide and of organic volatile organic compounds...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786101/a-peg-copper-i-halide-cluster-as-an-eco-friendly-catalytic-system-for-c-n-bond-formation
#5
Cheng-An Li, Wei Ji, Jian Qu, Su Jing, Fei Gao, Dun-Ru Zhu
The catalytic activities of eight copper(i) halide clusters assembled from copper(i) halide and ferrocenyltelluroethers, 1-8, were investigated in C-N formation under various conditions. A catalytic procedure using poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG-400) as a greener alternative organic solvent has been developed. The PEG-400/5 system can achieve 99% targeted yield with a mild reaction temperature and short reaction time. After the isolation of the products by extraction with diethyl ether, this PEG-400/cluster system could be easily recycled...
May 22, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785499/on-the-current-role-of-hydratases-in-biocatalysis
#6
REVIEW
Matthias Engleder, Harald Pichler
Water addition to carbon-carbon double bonds provides access to value-added products from inexpensive organic feedstock. This interesting but relatively little-studied reaction is catalysed by hydratases in a highly regio- and enantiospecific fashion with excellent atom economy. Considering that asymmetric hydration of (non-activated) carbon-carbon double bonds is virtually impossible with current organic chemistry, enzymatic hydration reactions are highly attractive for industrial applications. Hydratases have been known for several decades but their biocatalytic potential has only been explored over the past 15 years...
May 21, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784343/facile-synthesis-of-ni-based-metal-organic-frameworks-wrapped-mno-2-nanowires-with-high-performance-toward-electrochemical-oxygen-evolution-reaction
#7
Yujie Han, You Yu, Lingling Zhang, Liang Huang, Junfeng Zhai, Shaojun Dong
The transition metal oxides based catalysts have drawn great attention for their application in the electrolysis of water for renewable energy generation. Although manganese oxides were rarely used as oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalysts, they were still considered as active and efficient OER catalysts due to the earth-abundant and low toxic nature of manganese. In this work, we proposed a facile method for the synthesis of high-performance electrochemical OER catalyst by magnetically stirring the mixture of 1,3,4-thiadiazole-2,5-dithiol (DMTD), Ni2+ and MnO2 nanowires (NWs) in ethanol at room temperature, noted as Ni/DMTD/MnO2 ...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781616/cobalt-catalyzed-regioselective-olefin-isomerization-under-kinetic-control
#8
Xufang Liu, Wei Zhang, Yujie Wang, Ze-Xin Zhang, Lei Jiao, Qiang Liu
Olefin isomerization is a significant transformation in organic synthesis, which provides a convenient synthetic route for internal olefins and remote functionalization processes. The selectivity of an olefin isomerization process is often thermodynamically controlled. Thus, to achieve selectivity under kinetic control is very challenging. Herein, we report a novel cobalt-catalyzed regioselective olefin isomerization reaction. By taking the advantage of fine-tunable NNP-pincer ligand structures, this catalytic system features high kinetic control of regioselectivity...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780543/go-guided-direct-growth-of-highly-oriented-metal-organic-framework-nanosheet-membranes-for-h-2-co-2-separation
#9
Yujia Li, Haiou Liu, Huanting Wang, Jieshan Qiu, Xiongfu Zhang
Highly oriented, ultrathin metal-organic framework (MOF) membranes are attractive for practical separation applications, but the scalable preparation of such membranes especially on standard tubular supports remains a huge challenge. Here we report a novel bottom-up strategy for directly growing a highly oriented Zn2 (bIm)4 (bIm = benzimidazole) ZIF nanosheet tubular membrane, based on graphene oxide (GO) guided self-conversion of ZnO nanoparticles (NPs). Through our approach, a thin layer of ZnO NPs confined between a substrate and a GO ultrathin layer self-converts into a highly oriented Zn2 (bIm)4 nanosheet membrane...
May 7, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780481/linking-defects-hierarchical-porosity-generation-and-desalination-performance-in-metal-organic-frameworks
#10
Weibin Liang, Lin Li, Jingwei Hou, Nicholas D Shepherd, Thomas D Bennett, Deanna M D'Alessandro, Vicki Chen
Composite membranes with defective metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) connect the emerging fields of MOF topological modification, MOF-polymer interfacial engineering and composite material functionalization. Although defective MOFs can be fabricated via thermal or chemical treatment, the relationship between hierarchical MOF structure and their performance in a polymeric membrane matrix has so far not been investigated. Here we show how a modulator fumarate-based MIL-53(Al) microwave synthesis process results in defective MOFs...
April 14, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780467/computational-evaluation-of-metal-pentazolate-frameworks-inorganic-analogues-of-azolate-metal-organic-frameworks
#11
Mihails Arhangelskis, Athanassios D Katsenis, Andrew J Morris, Tomislav Friščić
Pentazolate is the ultimate all-nitrogen, inorganic member of the azolate series of aromatic 5-membered ring anions. As an azolate ligand, it has the potential to form open framework structures with metal ions, that would be inorganic analogues of azolate metal-organic frameworks formed by its congeners. However, while the low stability and elusive nature of the pentazolate ion have so far prevented the synthesis of such frameworks, computational studies have focused on pentazolate exclusively as a ligand that would form discrete metallocene structures...
April 7, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780435/photoelectrocatalytic-synthesis-of-hydrogen-peroxide-by-molecular-copper-porphyrin-supported-on-titanium-dioxide-nanotubes
#12
Dogukan H Apaydin, Hathaichanok Seelajaroen, Orathip Pengsakul, Patchanita Thamyongkit, Niyazi Serdar Sariciftci, Julia Kunze-Liebhäuser, Engelbert Portenkirchner
We report on a self-assembled system comprising a molecular copper-porphyrin photoelectrocatalyst, 5-(4-carboxy-phenyl)-10,15,20-triphenylporphyrinatocopper(II) (CuTPP-COOH), covalently bound to self-organized, anodic titania nanotube arrays (TiO2 NTs) for photoelectrochemical reduction of oxygen. Visible light irradiation of the porphyrin-covered TiO2 NTs under cathodic polarization up to -0.3 V vs. Normal hydrogen electrode (NHE) photocatalytically produces H2 O2 in pH neutral electrolyte, at room temperature and without need of sacrificial electron donors...
April 24, 2018: ChemCatChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780418/biological-and-clinical-effects-of-calciprotein-particles-on-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-and-bone-disorder
#13
REVIEW
Kenichi Akiyama, Takaaki Kimura, Kazuhiro Shiizaki
Calciprotein particles (CPPs) are a new biological marker of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD). CPPs consist of phosphate, calcium, and some proteins, with phosphate being the major contributor to the level and biological activity of CPPs. Recent studies have shown the physiological and pathological significance of CPPs, including contributions to bone and mineral metabolism, and to tissue and organ impairments such as cardiovascular damage and inflammatory responses. These actions are well known as important aspects of CKD-MBD...
2018: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779845/effects-of-estradiol-on-lactoprivic-signaling-of-the-hindbrain-upon-the-contraregulatory-hormonal-response-and-metabolic-neuropeptide-synthesis-in-hypoglycemic-female-rats
#14
Santosh K Mandal, Prem K Shrestha, Fahaad S H Alenazi, Manita Shakya, Hussain N Alhamami, Karen P Briski
BACKGROUND: Caudal dorsomedial hindbrain detection of hypoglycemia-associated lactoprivation regulates glucose counter-regulation in male rats. In females, estradiol (E) determines hypothalamic neuroanatomical and molecular foci of hindbrain energy sensor activation. This study investigated the hypothesis that E signal strength governs metabolic neuropeptide and counter-regulatory hormone responses to hindbrain lactoprivic stimuli in hypoglycemic female rats. METHODS: Ovariectomized animals were implanted with E-filled silastic capsules [30 (E-30) or 300 μg (E-300)/mL] to replicate plasma concentrations at estrous cycle nadir versus peak levels...
May 17, 2018: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779658/chemoenzymatic-synthesis-of-starting-materials-and-characterization-of-halogenases-requiring-acyl-carrier-protein-tethered-substrates
#15
Hem R Thapa, Andrew J Lail, Neha Garg, Vinayak Agarwal
Flavin-adenine dinucleotide (FAD)-dependent halogenases are widespread in natural product biosynthetic gene clusters and have been demonstrated to employ small organic molecules as substrates for halogenation, as well as substrates that are tethered to carrier proteins (CPs). Despite numerous reports of FAD-dependent halogenases utilizing CP-tethered substrates, only a few have been biochemically characterized due to limited accessibility to the physiological substrates. Here, we describe a method for the preparation of acyl-S-CP substrates and their use in biochemical assays to query the activity of FAD-dependent halogenases...
2018: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779127/physiological-and-transcriptomic-analysis-of-a-chronologically-long-lived-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-strain-obtained-by-evolutionary-engineering
#16
Mevlüt Arslan, Can Holyavkin, Halil İbrahim Kısakesen, Alican Topaloğlu, Yusuf Sürmeli, Zeynep Petek Çakar
High-throughput aging studies with yeast as a model organism involve transposon-mutagenesis and yeast knockout collection, which have been pivotal strategies for understanding the complex cellular aging process. In this study, a chronologically long-lived Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant was successfully obtained by using another high-throughput approach, evolutionary engineering, based on systematic selection in successive batch cultures under gradually increasing levels of caloric restriction. Detailed comparative physiological and transcriptomic analyses of the chronologically long-lived mutant and the reference strain revealed enhanced levels of respiratory metabolism, upregulation of genes related to carbohydrate metabolic processes, glycogen-trehalose pathways, stress response, and repression of protein synthesis-related genes in the long-lived mutant SRM11, already in the absence of caloric restriction...
May 19, 2018: Molecular Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778216/nitric-oxide-signalling-in-yeast
#17
Rika I Astuti, Ryo Nasuno, Hiroshi Takagi
Nitric oxide (NO) is a cellular signalling molecule widely conserved among organisms, including microorganisms such as bacteria, yeasts, and fungi, and higher eukaryotes such as plants and mammals. NO is mainly produced by the activities of NO synthase (NOS) or nitrite reductase (NIR). There are several NO detoxification systems, including NO dioxygenase (NOD) and S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (GSNOR). NO homeostasis, based on the balance between NO synthesis and degradation, is important for regulating its physiological functions, since an excess of NO causes nitrosative stress due to the high reactivity of NO and NO-derived compounds...
2018: Advances in Microbial Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778150/adsorption-of-vocs-on-reduced-graphene-oxide
#18
Lian Yu, Long Wang, Weicheng Xu, Limin Chen, Mingli Fu, Junliang Wu, Daiqi Ye
A modified Hummer's method was adopted for the synthesis of graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO). It was revealed that the modified method is effective for the production of GO and rGO from graphite. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images of GO and rGO showed a sheet-like morphology. Because of the presence of oxygenated functional groups on the carbon surface, the interlayer spacing of the prepared GO was higher than that of rGO. The presence of OH and CO groups in the Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR) spectrum and G-mode and 2D-mode in Raman spectra confirmed the synthesis of GO and rGO...
May 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777737/type-i-collagen-induces-mesenchymal-cell-differentiation-into-myofibroblasts-through-yap-induced-tgf-%C3%AE-1-activation
#19
Xiaoling Liu, Xinyu Long, Weiwei Liu, Yeli Zhao, Toshihiko Hayashi, Masayuki Yamato, Kazunori Mizuno, Hitomi Fujisaki, Shunji Hattori, Shin-Ichi Tashiro, Takaaki Ogura, Yuji Atsuzawa, Takashi Ikejima
In organ fibrosis, mechanical stress and transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-β1) promote differentiation into myofibroblast from mesenchymal cells, leading to extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling or active synthesis, deposition or degradation of ECM components. A major component of ECM, type I collagen (col I) triple helical molecules assemble into fibrils or are denatured to gelatin without triple-helicity in remodeling. However, whether changes of ECM components in remodeling have influence on mesenchymal cell differentiation remains elusive...
May 16, 2018: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777591/bioengineering-triacetic-acid-lactone-production-in-yarrowia-lipolytica-for-pogostone-synthesis
#20
James Yu, Jenny Landberg, Farbod Shavarebi, Virginia Bilanchone, Adam Okerlund, Umayangani Wanninayake, Le Zhao, George Kraus, Suzanne Sandmeyer
Yarrowia lipolytica is an oleaginous yeast that is recognized for its ability to accumulate high levels of lipids, which can serve as precursors to biobased fuels and chemicals. Polyketides such as triacetic acid lactone (TAL) can also serve as a precursor for diverse commodity chemicals. This study used Y. lipolytica as a host organism for the production of TAL via expression of the 2-pyrone synthase gene from Gerbera hybrida. Induction of lipid biosynthesis by nitrogen-limited growth conditions increased TAL titers...
May 19, 2018: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
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