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Organic synthesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430963/integrated-care-for-older-populations-and-its-implementation-facilitators-and-barriers-a-rapid-scoping-review
#1
Diane E Threapleton, Roger Y Chung, Samuel Y S Wong, Eliza Wong, Patsy Chau, Jean Woo, Vincent C H Chung, Eng-Kiong Yeoh
Purpose: Inform health system improvements by summarizing components of integrated care in older populations. Identify key implementation barriers and facilitators. Data sources: A scoping review was undertaken for evidence from MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, organizational websites and internet searches. Eligible publications included reviews, reports, individual studies and policy documents published from 2005 to February 2017. Study selection: Initial eligible documents were reviews or reports concerning integrated care approaches in older/frail populations...
April 20, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430203/photoredox-activation-of-carbon-dioxide-for-amino-acid-synthesis-in-continuous-flow
#2
Hyowon Seo, Matthew H Katcher, Timothy F Jamison
Although carbon dioxide (CO2) is highly abundant, its low reactivity has limited its use in chemical synthesis. In particular, methods for carbon-carbon bond formation generally rely on two-electron mechanisms for CO2 activation and require highly activated reaction partners. Alternatively, radical pathways accessed via photoredox catalysis could provide new reactivity under milder conditions. Here we demonstrate the direct coupling of CO2 and amines via the single-electron reduction of CO2 for the photoredox-catalysed continuous flow synthesis of α-amino acids...
May 2017: Nature Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429679/mycobacterium-avium-complex-disease
#3
Charles L Daley
Despite the ubiqitous nature of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) organisms in the environment, relatively few of those who are infected develop disease. Thus, some degree of susceptibility due to either underlying lung disease or immunosuppression is required. The frequency of pulmonary MAC disease is increasing in many areas, and the exact reasons are unknown. Isolation of MAC from a respiratory specimen does not necessarily mean that treatment is required, as the decision to treatment requires the synthesis of clinical, radiographic, and microbiologic information as well as a weighing of the risks and benefits for the individual patient...
April 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429675/cell-biology-of-hyphal-growth
#4
Gero Steinberg, Miguel A Peñalva, Meritxell Riquelme, Han A Wösten, Steven D Harris
Filamentous fungi are a large and ancient clade of microorganisms that occupy a broad range of ecological niches. The success of filamentous fungi is largely due to their elongate hypha, a chain of cells, separated from each other by septa. Hyphae grow by polarized exocytosis at the apex, which allows the fungus to overcome long distances and invade many substrates, including soils and host tissues. Hyphal tip growth is initiated by establishment of a growth site and the subsequent maintenance of the growth axis, with transport of growth supplies, including membranes and proteins, delivered by motors along the cytoskeleton to the hyphal apex...
April 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429421/a-boat-shaped-tetracationic-macrocycle-with-a-semiconducting-organic-framework
#5
Minh T Nguyen, Matthew D Krzyaniak, Magdalena Owczarek, Daniel P Ferris, Michael R Wasielewski, J Fraser Stoddart
We report the synthesis of a tetracationic macrocycle which contains two N,N'-bis(methylene)naphthalenediimide units inserted in between the pyridinium rings of the bipyridinium units in cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) (CBPQT(4+) or "blue box") and describe the investigation of its potential use in materials for organic electronics. The incorporation of the two naphthalenediimide (NDI) units into the constitution of CBPQT(4+) , not only changes the supramolecular properties of the tetracation in the solid state, but also has a profound influence on the electrochemical and electronic behavior of the resulting tetracationic macrocycle...
April 21, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429392/metal-free-formal-oxidative-c-c-coupling-by-in%C3%A2-situ-generation-of-an-enolonium-species
#6
Daniel Kaiser, Aurélien de la Torre, Saad Shaaban, Nuno Maulide
Much contemporary organic synthesis relies on transformations that are driven by the intrinsic, so-called "natural", polarity of chemical bonds and reactive centers. The design of unconventionally polarized synthons is a highly desirable strategy, as it generally enables unprecedented retrosynthetic disconnections for the synthesis of complex substances. Whereas the umpolung of carbonyl centers is a well-known strategy, polarity reversal at the α-position of a carbonyl group is much rarer. Herein, we report the design of a novel electrophilic enolonium species and its application in efficient and chemoselective, metal-free oxidative C-C coupling...
April 21, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429322/photo-and-nutritional-regulation-of-euglena-organelle-development
#7
Steven D Schwartzbach
Euglena can use light and CO2, photosynthesis, as well as a large variety of organic molecules as the sole source of carbon and energy for growth. Light induces the enzymes, in this case an entire organelle, the chloroplast, that is required to use CO2 as the sole source of carbon and energy for growth. Ethanol, but not malate, inhibits the photoinduction of chloroplast enzymes and induces the synthesis of the glyoxylate cycle enzymes that comprise the unique metabolic pathway leading to two carbon, ethanol and acetate, assimilation...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428821/genome-wide-search-for-candidate-genes-for-yeast-robustness-improvement-against-formic-acid-reveals-novel-susceptibility-trk1-and-positive-regulators-and-resistance-haa1-regulon-determinants
#8
Sílvia F Henriques, Nuno P Mira, Isabel Sá-Correia
BACKGROUND: Formic acid is an inhibitory compound present in lignocellulosic hydrolysates. Understanding the complex molecular mechanisms underlying Saccharomyces cerevisiae tolerance to this weak acid at the system level is instrumental to guide synthetic pathway engineering for robustness improvement of industrial strains envisaging their use in lignocellulosic biorefineries. RESULTS: This study was performed to identify, at a genome-wide scale, genes whose expression confers protection or susceptibility to formic acid, based on the screening of a haploid deletion mutant collection to search for these phenotypes in the presence of 60, 70 and 80 mM of this acid, at pH 4...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428793/transcriptomics-targeted-metabolomics-and-gene-expression-of-blackberry-leaves-and-fruits-indicate-flavonoid-metabolic-flux-from-leaf-to-red-fruit
#9
Enrique Gutierrez, Ana García-Villaraco, José A Lucas, Ana Gradillas, F Javier Gutierrez-Mañero, Beatriz Ramos-Solano
Blackberries (Rubus spp.) are among the high added value food products relevant for human health due to the increasing evidence of the beneficial effects of polyphenols, which are very abundant in these fruits. Interestingly, these compounds also play a role on plant physiology, being especially relevant their role in plant defense against biotic and abiotic stress. Hence, we hypothesize that since blackberry fruits have high amounts of flavonols and anthocyanins, leaves would also have high amounts of these compounds, and can be studied as a source of active molecules; furthermore, leaf synthesis would support their high contents in fruits...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427679/sonochemical-synthesis-and-characterization-of-microrod-to-nanoparticle-of-new-mixed-ligand-zinc-ii-fumarate-metal-organic-polymer
#10
Payam Abdolalian, Ali Morsali, Giuseppe Bruno
Micro and nano-structures of a new mixed-ligand Zn(II) fumarate metal-organic polymer, {[Zn(tptz)(fum)].DMF}n (1), (tptz=2,4,6-tris(2-pyridyl)-s-triazine, fum=fumarate, DMF=N,N-dimethylforamide), were synthesized by sonochemical method. These new micro and nano-structures were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), IR spectroscopy and elemental analyses. Compound 1 was structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and consists of the primary unit of [Zn(tptz)(fum)]...
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427674/sonochemical-synthesis-and-characterization-of-new-nanostructures-cobalt-ii-metal-organic-complexes-derived-from-the-azo-coupling-reaction-of-4-amino-benzoic-acid-with-anthranilic-acid-salicylaldehyde-and-2-naphtol
#11
Xiao-Xue Cheng, Shiva Hojaghani, Mao-Lin Hu, Moayed Hosaini Sadr, Ali Morsali
Nanostructures of three new cobalt(II) complexes, (CoL1)·0.5DMF·1.5MeOH (1), [H2L1=5-(4-Carboxy phenyl azo) anthranilic acid], (Co(L2)2)·1.5MeOH (2), [HL2=5-(4-Carboxy phenyl azo) salicylaldehyde] and (Co(L3)2)·0.5DMF·0.5MeOH (3), [HL3=1-(4-Carboxy phenyl azo) 2-naphtol], have been synthesized by the reaction of H2L1, HL2 and HL3 with Co(OAc)2·4H2O through sonochemical process. Calcination of the nano-sized compounds 1-3 yield Co3O4 nanoparticles at 450°C under air atmosphere. These nanostructures were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)...
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427653/thermolysis-synthesis-of-pure-phase-nio-from-novel-sonochemical-synthesized-ni-ii-nano-metal-organic-supramolecular-architecture
#12
Younes Hanifehpour, Ali Morsali, Babak Mirtamizdoust, Sang Woo Joo, Behzad Soltani
Nano-structures of a new supramolecular coordination compound of divalent nickel with the pyrazol (pzH) containing the terminal azide anions, [Ni(pzH)2(N3)2] (1), with discrete molecular architecture (DMA) in solid state was synthesized via sonochemical method. The new nanostructure was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, IR, and elemental analysis. Compound 1 was structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction and the single-crystal X-ray data shows that the coordination number of Ni (II) ions is six, (NiN6), with four N-donor atoms from neutral "pzH" ligands and two N-donors from two terminal azide anions...
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427636/ultrasound-assisted-synthesis-of-nano-structured-zinc-ii-based-metal-organic-frameworks-as-precursors-for-the-synthesis-of-zno-nano-structures
#13
Fahime Bigdeli, Hosein Ghasempour, Alireza Azhdari Tehrani, Ali Morsali, Hassan Hosseini-Monfared
A 3D, porous Zn(II)-based metal-organic framework {[Zn2(oba)2(4-bpmn)]·(DMF)1.5}n (TMU-21), (4-bpmn=N,N'-Bis-pyridin-4-ylmethylene-naphtalene-1,5-diamine, H2oba=4,4'-oxybis(benzoic acid)) with nano-rods morphology under ultrasonic irradiation at ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure was prepared and characterized by scanning electron microscopy. Sonication time and concentration of initial reagents effects on the size and morphology of nano-structured MOFs were studied. Also {[Zn2(oba)2(4-bpmn)] (TMU-21) and {[Zn2(oba)2(4-bpmb)] (TMU-6), 4-bpmb=N,N'-(1,4-phenylene)bis(1-(pyridin-4-yl)methanimine) were easily prepared by mechanochemical synthesis...
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427632/ultrasonic-treatment-of-cofe2o4-b2o3-sio2-as-a-new-hybrid-magnetic-composite-nanostructure-and-catalytic-application-in-the-synthesis-of-dihydroquinazolinones
#14
Ali Maleki, Morteza Aghaei, Hamid Reza Hafizi-Atabak, Mohammad Ferdowsi
New hybrid magnetic composite nanostructure are prepared via ultrasonic treatment by glass-ceramic method, characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX), element distribution image (EDX mapping), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA)/differential thermal analysis (DTA) and N2 adsorption-desorption by Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analyses. Then, the catalytic activity of the prepared CoFe2O4@B2O3-SiO2 nanoparticles was tested in the synthesis of 2-substituted-3-(phenylamino)-dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-ones in deep eutectic solvent (DES) based on choline chloride as an eco-friendly and recyclable media...
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427630/porosity-and-dye-adsorption-enhancement-by-ultrasonic-synthesized-cd-ii-based-metal-organic-framework
#15
Mohammad Yaser Masoomi, Minoo Bagheri, Ali Morsali
A Cd(II) based metal-organic framework, TMU-7, was synthesized by incorporation of V-shaped flexible dicarboxylate ligand and the N-donor pillar ligand using sonochemical method while morphology and size of particles were investigated and characterized by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray powder diffraction. Moreover, N2 adsorption was applied to examine the effect of synthesis method on porosity. Also TMU-7 was evaluated for its Congo red adsorption.
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427622/efficient-removal-of-crystal-violet-and-methylene-blue-from-wastewater-by-ultrasound-nanoparticles-cu-mof-in-comparison-with-mechanosynthesis-method
#16
Amir Reza Abbasi, Maryam Karimi, Kim Daasbjerg
The present investigation reports the synthesis of CuBTC (BTC=1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate) metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) under solid-state conditions and ultrasound irradiation. Herein, we study uptake and release properties of crystal violet (CV) and methylene blue (MB) from ultrasound nano-CuBTC MOF in comparison with mechanosynthesis method (bulk structure). The ultrasound-assisted methods give a decrease in the surface area as calculated from the reduced nitrogen adsorption capability. In comparison, the uptake of guest molecules on ultrasound nano-CuBTC is remarkable and clearly exceeds that of bulk structure in the aqueous solution of guests...
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427283/break-induced-replication-in-eukaryotes-mechanisms-functions-and-consequences
#17
Cynthia J Sakofsky, Anna Malkova
Break-induced replication (BIR) is an important pathway specializing in repair of one-ended double-strand DNA breaks (DSBs). This type of DSB break typically arises at collapsed replication forks or at eroded telomeres. BIR initiates by invasion of a broken DNA end into a homologous template followed by initiation of DNA synthesis that can proceed for hundreds of kilobases. This synthesis is drastically different from S-phase replication in that instead of a replication fork, BIR proceeds via a migrating bubble and is associated with conservative inheritance of newly synthesized DNA...
April 21, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426057/in-situ-synthesis-of-fluorescent-magnetosomes-using-an-organic-membrane-as-a-soft-template
#18
Wenjing Ke, Juhua Zhang, Xueqin An, Bo Zhang
A novel approach was presented for the in situ synthesis of fluorescent magnetosomes by biological mineralization and carbonization processes for the first time. The surface structures, magnetism and fluorescence were studied, and the cytotoxicity tests and fluorescent trace in liposomes were probed. The fluorescent magnetosomes exhibit not only unique fluorescence and ferromagnetic properties but also low toxicity and superior imaging capability.
April 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425698/-dispersion-assembly-approach-to-synthesize-three-dimensional-graphene-polymer-composite-aerogel-as-a-powerful-organic-cathode-for-rechargeable-li-and-na-batteries
#19
Yu Zhang, Yanshan Huang, Guanhui Yang, Fanxing Bu, Ke Li, Imran Shakir, Yuxi Xu
Polymer cathode materials are promising alternatives to inorganic counterparts for both lithium ion batteries (LIBs) and sodium ion batteries (SIBs) due to their high theoretical capacity, adjustable molecular structure and strong adaptability to different counter-ions in batteries, etc. However, they suffer from poor practical capacity and low rate capability because of their intrinsically poor conductivity. Herein, we report the synthesis of self-assembled graphene/poly(anthraquinonyl sufide) (PAQS) composite aerogel (GPA) with efficient integration of three-dimensional (3D) graphene framework with electroactive PAQS particles via a novel dispersion-assembly strategy, which can be used as a free-standing flexible cathode upon mechanical pressing...
April 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425612/oral-health-programmes-in-indigenous-communities-worldwide-lessons-learned-from-the-field-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#20
Carrie Tsai, Anthony Blinkhorn, Michelle Irving
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review examines the evidence on the effectiveness of programmes that aim to improve the oral health of Indigenous populations worldwide, as well as presents a qualitative analysis to explore the design and implementation of these initiatives. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched. Studies were included if they described an oral health programme for an Indigenous population in any country worldwide. A thematic synthesis of the qualitative findings was undertaken for each study's results and discussion sections...
April 20, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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