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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230027/a-meta-analysis-of-elemene-versus-ddp-intrapleural-injection-in-the-treatment-of-malignant-pleural-effusion-caused-by-lung-cancer
#1
Xiaolong Wang, Haojie Wang, Li Li
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of elemene versus DDP intrapleural injection in the treatment of malignant pleural effusion caused by lung cancer by meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed (1960 ~ 2016.4), EMBASE (1980 ~ 2016.4), and CNKI (1979 ~ 2016.4) databases were searched to identify the clinical studies of elemene intrapleural injection in the treatment of lung cancer malignant pleural effusion. The odds ratio (OR) was used to evaluate the clinical efficacy of elemene in the treatment of pleural effusion compared to cisplatin (DDP)...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229808/knowledge-of-behavioural-management-principles-amongst-specialist-paediatric-dental-practitioners-in-the-united-kingdom
#2
James Coxon, Marie Therese Hosey, J Tim Newton
BACKGROUND: Paediatric specialist dental practitioners are often faced with the challenge of disruptive behaviour or refusal to comply with treatment. Behaviour management skills are an essential component of their role. However, little is known of the confidence or competence of practitioners in these approaches. AIM: To identify paediatric dentists' knowledge of behavioural management principles as applied to paediatric dentistry. METHOD: Postal questionnaire survey of all specialists in Paediatric Dentistry on the General Dental Council UK register (n = 234), using the Knowledge of Behavioural Principles as Applied to Children Questionnaire (KBPACQ; O'Dell, 1979) adapted for the dental setting...
March 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229202/double-ventricular-response-in-dual-av-nodal-pathways-mimicking-interpolated-premature-beat
#3
J-X Li, Q Chen, J-X Hu, J-H Yu, P Li, K Hong, Q-H Wu, Y-Q Wu, X-S Cheng
Double ventricular response in dual atrioventricular (AV) nodal pathways can result in nonreentrant supraventricular tachycardia. Since this condition was first described in 1979, around 20 cases have been reported. Here, we present the case of a patient with a confirmed diagnosis of double ventricular response in dual AV nodal pathways resembling an interpolated premature beat who underwent successful radiofrequency ablation of the slow pathway.
February 22, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222224/commentary-on-kerr-et%C3%A2-al-2017-more-evidence-that-social-and-health-limitations-in-childhood-increase-the-risk-of-lifetime-abstention-from-alcohol
#4
Linda Ng Fat
Childhood poverty and work-related health limitations were found to increase the risk of being a lifetime abstainer from alcohol, according to a new study by Kerr and colleagues (Kerr et al., 2017). Findings were based on analyses of the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Cohort, a nationally representative prospective study following 6,111 youths aged 14 to 21 in private residences in the US. Strengths of the study include a derivation of lifetime abstention based on successive information from youth up to age 55, meaning lifetime abstention was not subject to validity or recall issues, as has been found with the identification of being a lifetime abstainer at a later time-point (Caldwell et al...
February 21, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215901/physical-health-medication-and-healthcare-utilization-among-70-year-old-people-with-schizophrenia-a-nationwide-danish-register-study
#5
Maria Brink, Anders Green, Anders Bo Bojesen, J Steven Lamberti, Yeates Conwell, Kjeld Andersen
OBJECTIVES: In light of the excess early mortality in schizophrenia, mainly due to physical illnesses, we investigated medical comorbidity, use of medication, and healthcare utilization among individuals with schizophrenia who survived into older ages to uncover potential factors contributing to their longevity. DESIGN: A nationwide register-based case-control study comparing 70-year-olds with and without schizophrenia. SETTING: Cases were drawn from the Danish Psychiatric Central Register...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214726/job-satisfaction-developmental-trajectories-and-health-a-life-course-perspective
#6
Jonathan Dirlam, Hui Zheng
Understanding the health consequence of job dissatisfaction becomes increasingly important because job insecurity, stress and dissatisfaction have significantly increased in the United States in the last decade. Despite the extensive work in this area, prior studies nonetheless may underestimate the harmful effect of job dissatisfaction due to the cross-sectional nature of their data and sample selection bias. This study applies a life-course approach to more comprehensively examine the relationship between job satisfaction and health...
January 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211457/leading-modes-of-tropical-pacific-subsurface-ocean-temperature-and-associations-with-two-types-of-el-ni%C3%A3-o
#7
Zhiyuan Zhang, Baohua Ren, Jianqiu Zheng
Using empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis of the monthly tropical Pacific subsurface ocean temperature anomalies (SOTA) from 1979 to 2014, we detected three leading modes in the tropical Pacific subsurface temperature. The first mode has a dipole pattern, with warming in the eastern Pacific and cooling in the western Pacific, and is closely related to traditional El Niño. The second mode has a monopole pattern, with only warming in the central Pacific subsurface. The third mode has a zonal tripole pattern, with warming in the off-equatorial central Pacific and cooling in the far eastern Pacific and western Pacific...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206774/cross-cultural-industrial-organizational-psychology-and-organizational-behavior-a-hundred-year-journey
#8
Michele J Gelfand, Zeynep Aycan, Miriam Erez, Kwok Leung
In celebration of the anniversary of the Journal of Applied Psychology (JAP), we take a hundred-year journey to examine how the science of cross-cultural industrial/organizational psychology and organizational behavior (CCIO/OB) has evolved, both in JAP and in the larger field. We review broad trends and provide illustrative examples in the theoretical, methodological, and analytic advances in CCIO/OB during 4 main periods: the early years (1917-1949), the middle 20th century (1950-1979), the later 20th century (1980-2000), and the 21st century (2000 to the present)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197703/contemporary-dual-mobility-cup-regional-and-private-register-methodology-and-results
#9
André Ferreira, Jean-Louis Prudhon, Régis Verdier, Jean-Marc Puch, Loys Descamps, Guy Dehri, Marcel Remi, Jacques H Caton
INTRODUCTION: The dual-mobility cup (DMC) was introduced in 1979. Due to lack of referenced publications, this interesting and innovating concept was ignored during close to 20 years. However, 180 studies (level III or IV) have now been published. Evidence-based medicine is based on level I studies. Over the past three decades, the role of national registries developed with the intention of surveying orthopaedic implants. In 2012, we developed, registered, and implemented a specific database for contemporary DMC...
February 14, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194593/synchronous-endometrial-and-ovarian-carcinomas-predictors-of-risk-and-associations-with-survival-and-tumor-expression-profiles
#10
Linda E Kelemen, Peter F Rambau, Jennifer M Koziak, Helen Steed, Martin Köbel
PURPOSE: Synchronous endometrial and ovarian tumors (SEOs) are diagnosed in 10% of ovarian cancer patients. We examined predictors of SEOs, evaluated associations of SEOs with survival and characterized ovarian tumor profiles using immunohistochemistry. METHODS: We included patients with endometrioid (n = 180) and clear cell (n = 165) ovarian carcinoma identified from the Alberta Cancer Registry between 1979 and 2010 for whom we abstracted medical records and constructed tumor tissue microarrays (TMAs)...
February 13, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188934/new-evidence-for-endemic-circulation-of-ross-river-virus-in-the-pacific-islands-and-the-potential-for-emergence
#11
Colleen Lau, Maite Aubry, Didier Musso, Anita Teissier, Sylvie Paulous, Philippe Desprès, Xavier de-Lamballerie, Boris Pastorino, Van-Mai Cao-Lormeau, Philip Weinstein
OBJECTIVES: An epidemic of Ross River Virus (RRV) occurred in the South Pacific in 1979-1980, but it was not believed to occur endemically outside Australia and Papua New Guinea. We conducted a seroprevalence study to determine whether RRV has circulated in American Samoa after 1980. METHODS: RRV ELISA IgG were performed on 200 serum samples collected in American Samoa in 2010, and seroneutralisation tests on 60 representative samples. RESULTS: Of 196 results available for ELISA IgG, 145 (74%, 95% CI 67-80%) were seropositive...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187655/-i-digitonthophagus-i-i-gazella-i-auctorum-an-unfortunate-case-of-mistaken-identity-for-a-widely-introduced-species-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-scarabaeinae-onthophagini
#12
François Génier, Adrian L V Davis
At risk of committing entomological heresy, we question the identity of a dung-burying beetle species that originates from Africa and has been introduced first into Hawaii and subsequently to Australasia, North America, and South America (Fincher 1986; Edwards 2007; Noriega et al. 2010) for pasture improvement and biological control of dung-breeding flies (Waterhouse 1974; Bornemissza 1979).  Under the name Onthophagus gazella (Fabricius 1787), it was the first species selected for introduction into Australia by the CSIRO Dung Beetle Project (Bornemissza 1976; Edwards 2007)...
January 19, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187600/-i-eimeria-i-i-atlapetesi-i-nom-nov-a-replacement-name-for-i-eimeria-i-i-pileata-i-soriano-vargas-et-al-2015-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-preoccupied-by-i-eimeria-i-i-pileata-i-straneva-and-kelley-1979-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-with-observations-on-histopathology-and
#13
Edgardo Soriano-Vargas, Celene Salgado-Miranda, Andrea Paloma Zepeda-Velázquez, Juan Pablo Medina, Mariusz Krzysztof Janczur, Maricruz González-Gómez, Izanami Tereira Flores-Valle, Bruno Pereira Berto, Carlos Wilson Gomes Lopes
Eimeria pileata Soriano-Vargas, Medina, Salgado-Miranda, García-Conejo, Galindo-Sánchez, Janczur, Berto and Lopes, 2015 is a junior homonym of Eimeria pileata Straneva and Kelley, 1979 and needs to be replaced. This coccidium was described from a rufous-capped brush finch Atlapetes pileatus Wagler in the Nevado de Toluca Natural Protected Area, Mexico. Thus, to maintain the original intent of the specific epithet derived from the scientific name of the type-host, the name Eimeria atlapetesi nom. nov. is proposed as a replacement name...
January 31, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187547/-i-limonia-i-crane-flies-diptera-limoniidae-of-korea
#14
Sigitas Podenas, Virginija Podeniene
The Korean species of Limonia Meigen, 1803 crane flies (Diptera: Limoniidae) are taxonomically revised. Species L. annulata Lackschewitz, 1940 (Lackschewitz, Pagast, 1940), L. bidens Savchenko, 1979, L. episema Alexander, 1924, L. fusciceps fusciceps Alexander, 1924, L. juvenca Alexander, 1935, L. messaurea messaurea Mendl, 1971, L. nemoralis Savchenko, 1983 are new records for the Korean peninsula and L. pia n. sp. is described. Synonymy of L. venerabilis Alexander, 1938 with L. macrostigma (Schummel, 1829) is confirmed...
February 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186833/the-use-of-a-brief-5-item-measure-of-family-satisfaction-as-a-critical-quality-indicator-in-advanced-cancer-care-a-multisite-comparison
#15
Katherine A Ornstein, Joan Penrod, Julie B Schnur, Cardinale B Smith, Jeanne A Teresi, Melissa M Garrido, Karen McKendrick, Albert L Siu, Diane E Meier, R Sean Morrison
BACKGROUND: Although family satisfaction is recognized as a critical indicator of quality for patients with advanced cancer, it is rarely assessed as part of routine clinical care. Measurement burden may be one barrier to widespread use of family satisfaction measures. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to test the ability of a new, brief 5-item measure of family satisfaction with care to accurately capture differences across hospital settings. DESIGN: Using data from the Palliative Care for Cancer Patients study, a prospective study of 1979 patients and caregivers, we used multivariate regression analysis to detect significant differences across five sites...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183115/new-species-and-records-of-pollen-and-sap-beetles-for-iran-coleoptera-kateretidae-nitidulidae
#16
Paolo Audisio, Andrew R Cline, Andrzej Lasoń, Josef Jelínek, Simone Sabatelli, Sayeh Serri
During recent expeditions in North and Southwest Iran, 10 species of Kateretidae and Nitidulidae (Coleoptera) were found. One species of Kateretidae, Brachyleptus bicoloratus Reitter, 1896, and three nitidulid species, Afrogethes schilskyi (Reitter, 1897), Stachygethes khnzoriani (Kirejtshuk, 1979), and S. nigerrimus (Rosenhauer, 1856) are recorded for the first time for the Iranian fauna (the latter is also a new record for Asia). Thymogethes ahriman (Jelínek, 1981) is herein resurrected to species rank, and two species, Thymogethes kassites sp...
January 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182668/cross-sectional-study-of-mode-of-delivery-and-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-mainland-china
#17
Lei Hou, Susan Hellerstein, Allison Vitonis, Liying Zou, Yan Ruan, Xin Wang, Weiyuan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery (CD) rates have risen globally with nearly 50% of the non-indicated CDs worldwide in China and Brazil. In China's One Child Policy era (1979-2015) most deliveries were women having their only child. Family size is a major determinant of the safety of medically non-indicated CD or CD on maternal request. The goal of this study is to document CD rates, indications, and analyze the relative safety of non-indicated CD compared to SVD and intrapartum CD. METHODS: Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses of the association between mode of delivery and short-term maternal and perinatal outcomes were performed on a cross-section of all deliveries at 39 hospitals in 14 provinces of China in 2011, presented as adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 99% confidence intervals (CI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179514/historical-amphibian-declines-and-extinctions-in-brazil-linked-to-chytridiomycosis
#18
Tamilie Carvalho, C Guilherme Becker, Luís Felipe Toledo
The recent increase in emerging fungal diseases is causing unprecedented threats to biodiversity. The origin of spread of the frog-killing fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) is a matter of continued debate. To date, the historical amphibian declines in Brazil could not be attributed to chytridiomycosis; the high diversity of hosts coupled with the presence of several Bd lineages predating the reported declines raised the hypothesis that a hypervirulent Bd genotype spread from Brazil to other continents causing the recent global amphibian crisis...
February 8, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176631/grid-based-continual-analysis-of-molecular-interior-for-drug-discovery-qsar-and-qspr
#19
A V Potemkin, M A Grishina, V A Potemkin
BACKGROUND: In 1979, R.D.Cramer and M.Milne made a first realization of the above mentioned principles attempting to compare molecules by aligning them in space and by mapping their molecular fields to a 3D grid. Further, this approach was developed as the DYLOMMS (DYnamic Lattice-Oriented Molecular Modelling System) approach. In 1984, H.Wold and S.Wold proposed the use of partial least squares (PLS) analysis, instead of principal component analysis, to correlate the field values with biological activities...
February 7, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173859/the-concept-of-vulnerability-in-research-ethics-an-in-depth-analysis-of-policies-and-guidelines
#20
Dearbhail Bracken-Roche, Emily Bell, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Eric Racine
BACKGROUND: The concept of vulnerability has held a central place in research ethics guidance since its introduction in the United States Belmont Report in 1979. It signals mindfulness for researchers and research ethics boards to the possibility that some participants may be at higher risk of harm or wrong. Despite its important intended purpose and widespread use, there is considerable disagreement in the scholarly literature about the meaning and delineation of vulnerability, stemming from a perceived lack of guidance within research ethics standards...
February 7, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
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