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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741072/-the-69th-congress-urologists-nominated-for-the-nobel-prize-not-everyone-got-a-prize-four-biographical-sketches
#1
F H Moll, T Halling, M Krischel, N Hansson, H Fangerau
Our research group has reconstructed why the board certified urologists Werner Forssmann (1904-1979) and Charles Huggins (1901-1997) received the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine (1956, and 1966, respectively). But the history of "Urology and the Nobel Prize" is in fact more multifaceted than the success stories of these two laureates suggest. James Israel (1848-1926), Berlin, Félix Guyon (1831-1920), Paris, Peter J. Freyer (1852-1921), London and Edwin Beer (1876-1938), New York were nominated for the award during the first three decades of the 20th century...
July 24, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739490/are-single-children-more-likely-to-be-overweight-or-obese-than-those-with-siblings-the-influence-of-china-s-one-child-policy-on-childhood-obesity
#2
Jungwon Min, Hong Xue, Vivian H C Wang, Miao Li, Youfa Wang
China's one-child policy (1979-2015) has affected Chinese parenting practices and children's health behaviors and also may have contributed to increased childhood obesity. However, very limited research has investigated the association between one-child policy and childhood obesity. We examined characteristics of single-child families and the influence of one-child policy (indicated by single-child status) on children's weight status and related health behaviors. Data from children aged 6-18years old in the 2011 (n=1580) and 2000 (n=2317) China Health and Nutrition Survey were cross-sectionally analyzed with multilevel models...
July 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733321/noninvasive-respiratory-care-received-by-individuals-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-since-1979-reply
#3
Jennifer G Andrews, Aida Soim, Shree Pandya, Christina P Westfield, Emma Ciafaloni, Deborah J Fox, David J Birnkrant, Christopher M Cunniff, Daniel W Sheehan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728861/-vitiligo-occurring-on-dermal-melanocytosis-nevus-of-ota-in-a-dark-skinned-patient
#4
K-C Ahogo, I-P Gbery, B Vagamon, O-A Ouattara, K-A Kouassi, H-S Kourouma, Y-I Kouassi
BACKGROUND: Nevus of Ota is a rare disease most frequently found in Asians. It presents clinically as a bluish gray hyperpigmentation of one side of the face. Transformation into melanoma and glaucoma are the main risks. The appearance of vitiligo lesions with poliosis within a nevus of Ota is exceptional. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 22-year-old female patient with a nevus of Ota consulted for depigmentation of the eyelashes. Physical examination revealed hyperpigmentation in the right orbitofrontal part of her face, achromic macules and eyelash poliosis...
July 17, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728362/estimation-of-genetic-parameters-of-the-productive-and-reproductive-traits-in-ethiopian-holstein-using-multi-trait-models
#5
Wondossen Ayalew, Mohammed Aliy, Enyew Negussie
Objective: The objective of this study was to estimate genetic parameters for productive and reproductive traits. Methods: The data included production and reproduction records of animals that have calved between 1979 and 2013. The genetic parameters were estimated using multivariate mixed models (DMU) package, fitting univariate and multivariate mixed models with average information restricted maximum likelihood (AI-REML) algorithm. Results: The estimates of heritability for milk production traits from the first three lactation records were 0...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727800/demographic-disequilibrium-in-living-nautiloids-nautilus-and-allonautilus-canary-in-the-coal-mines
#6
W Bruce Saunders, Emily Greenfest-Allen, Peter D Ward
Averaged demographic data from previously unfished populations of Nautilus and Allonautilus (Cephalopoda) provide a baseline to determine if a population is undisturbed and in "equilibrium" or is in "disequilibrium" as a result of fishery pressure. Data are available for previously undisturbed local nautiloid populations in Papua New Guinea, Australia, Indonesia, Fiji, Palau, American Samoa, New Caledonia and Vanuatu (total n = 2,669 live-caught, tagged and released animals). The data show that unfished populations average ~75% males and ~74% mature animals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727522/impact-of-preventing-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-on-maternal-obesity-at-age-40-years-an-analysis-of-a-nationally-representative-sample
#7
Barbara Abrams, Jeremy Coyle, Alison K Cohen, Irene Headen, Alan Hubbard, Lorrene Ritchie, David H Rehkopf
OBJECTIVES: To model the hypothetical impact of preventing excessive gestational weight gain on midlife obesity and compare the estimated reduction with the US Healthy People 2020 goal of a 10% reduction of obesity prevalence in adults. METHODS: We analyzed 3917 women with 1 to 3 pregnancies in the prospective US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, from 1979 to 2012. We compared the estimated obesity prevalence between 2 scenarios: gestational weight gain as reported and under the scenario of a hypothetical intervention that all women with excessive gestational weight gain instead gained as recommended by the Institute of Medicine (2009)...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725136/sex-specific-effect-of-recalled-parenting-on-affective-and-cognitive-empathy-in-adulthood
#8
Minna T Lyons, Gayle Brewer, Emily J Bethell
Previous research has demonstrated the influence of parenting on the development of children's empathy. However, few studies have considered the impact of parents on empathy in adulthood, specific components of empathy, or the importance of parent and child biological sex. In the present study, 226 participants (71 men) completed online versions of the Parental Bonding Instrument (Parker et al. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 52, 1-10 1979), Empathy Quotient (Baron-Cohen and Wheelwright Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 163-175 2004), and Interpersonal Reactivity Index (Davis JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 10, 85 1980)...
2017: Current Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716118/evolutionary-and-genetic-analysis-of-the-vp2-gene-of-canine-parvovirus
#9
Gairu Li, Senlin Ji, Xiaofeng Zhai, Yuxiang Zhang, Jie Liu, Mengyan Zhu, Jiyong Zhou, Shuo Su
BACKGROUND: Canine parvovirus (CPV) type 2 emerged in 1978 in the USA and quickly spread among dog populations all over the world with high morbidity. Although CPV is a DNA virus, its genomic substitution rate is similar to some RNA viruses. Therefore, it is important to trace the evolution of CPV to monitor the appearance of mutations that might affect vaccine effectiveness. RESULTS: Our analysis shows that the VP2 genes of CPV isolated from 1979 to 2016 are divided into six groups: GI, GII, GIII, GIV, GV, and GVI...
July 17, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715733/redescription-of-keronopsis-helluo-penard-1922-from-antarctica-and-paraholosticha-pannonica-gell%C3%A3-rt-and-tam%C3%A3-s-1959-from-alaska-ciliophora-hypotricha
#10
Kyung-Min Park, Namyi Chae, Jae-Ho Jung, Gi-Sik Min, Sanghee Kim, Helmut Berger
The morphology of Keronopsis helluo Penard, 1922, type species of Keronopsis, and Paraholosticha pannonica Gellért and Tamás, 1959, two little-known members of the Keronopsidae Jankowski, 1979, was described using standard methods. In addition, we sequenced the SSU rRNA of both species. Keronopsis helluo was isolated from a mossy soil from Robert Island (Antarctica) while P. pannonica was found in terrestrial moss from Alaska. Our data correspond very well with the original descriptions. The frontal ciliature of K...
May 4, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714910/minding-the-cyber-physical-gap-model-based-analysis-and-mitigation-of-systemic-perception-induced-failure
#11
Yaniv Mordecai, Dov Dori
The cyber-physical gap (CPG) is the difference between the 'real' state of the world and the way the system perceives it. This discrepancy often stems from the limitations of sensing and data collection technologies and capabilities, and is inevitable at some degree in any cyber-physical system (CPS). Ignoring or misrepresenting such limitations during system modeling, specification, design, and analysis can potentially result in systemic misconceptions, disrupted functionality and performance, system failure, severe damage, and potential detrimental impacts on the system and its environment...
July 17, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712831/maternal-prepregnancy-weight-and-children-s-behavioral-and-emotional-outcomes
#12
Julianna Deardorff, Louisa H Smith, Lucia Petito, Hyunju Kim, Barbara F Abrams
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated associations between maternal prepregnancy BMI and child behaviors at ages 9-11 years and examine interaction by race and gender. METHODS: The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and the Children and Young Adults surveys are U.S.-based, ongoing longitudinal studies, initiated in 1979 and 1986, respectively. Mothers (n=2,952) reported pregnancy and child (n=5,660) developmental information at multiple time points. Child total, internalizing, and externalizing problems at ages 9-11 years were assessed using the Behavior Problems Index (BPI), collected biennially until 2012...
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710217/causes-of-death-in-patients-with-itai-itai-disease-suffering-from-severe-chronic-cadmium-poisoning-a-nested-case-control-analysis-of-a-follow-up-study-in-japan
#13
Muneko Nishijo, Hideaki Nakagawa, Yasushi Suwazono, Kazuhiro Nogawa, Teruhiko Kido
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the causes of deaths among patients with Itai-itai disease and severe cadmium (Cd) poisoning. DESIGN: Nested case-control analysis of a population-based cohort study. SETTING: Database of patients with Itai-itai disease and residents of Cd-polluted areas, maintained by the Ministry of Environment, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects included 142 women with Itai-itai disease, 111 women with Cd-induced renal tubular dysfunction and 253 controls matched for sex, age and occupation...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708228/clinical-and-subclinical-cardiac-late-effects-in-pediatric-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-survivors
#14
Carlo Materazzo, Maura Massimino, Elisabetta Schiavello, Marta Podda, Lorenza Gandola, Graziella Cefalo, Serena Catania, Cristina Meazza, Ivan Moschetti, Monica Terenziani
PURPOSE: Cardiac late effects are responsible for a significant burden of mortality and morbidity among pediatric Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) survivors (HLS). The aim of our study was to assess clinical and subclinical cardiac sequelae in a cohort of childhood HLS treated in the 1980s with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (the ABVD regimen) and limited-field radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: We retrospectively examined a series of HLS treated from 1979 to 1989...
July 8, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702057/role-of-fluoride-varnish-in-preventing-early-childhood-caries-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Poulami Mishra, Nusrath Fareed, Hemant Battur, Sanjeev Khanagar, Manohar A Bhat, Jagan Palaniswamy
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries is a public health problem that continues to affect babies and preschool children worldwide. This untreated caries process results in progressive destruction of the crowns of the teeth, often accompanied by severe pain and suffering, affecting the quality of life. Fluoride varnish which is one of the most important materials to prevent ECC is easy to apply and well tolerated by children. This study aimed to evaluate the scientific evidence regardingthe role of fluoride varnish in preventing early childhood caries...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701268/positive-emotional-well-being-health-behaviors-and-inflammation-measured-by-c-reactive-protein
#16
Gail Ironson, Nikhil Banerjee, Calvin Fitch, Neal Krause
OBJECTIVE: There is a substantial body of literature describing the association between inflammatory biomarkers and negative emotional factors (i.e. depression). However, less is known about how they might be related to positive psychological variables. This study examined the association between positive emotional well-being (PEWB) and C-Reactive Protein (CRP), an inflammatory biomarker important for cardiovascular and other diseases. METHOD: Data were analyzed from 1979 respondents to a nationwide survey in the U...
June 29, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691082/fully-gapped-superconductivity-with-no-sign-change-in-the-prototypical-heavy-fermion-cecu2si2
#17
Takuya Yamashita, Takaaki Takenaka, Yoshifumi Tokiwa, Joseph A Wilcox, Yuta Mizukami, Daiki Terazawa, Yuichi Kasahara, Shunichiro Kittaka, Toshiro Sakakibara, Marcin Konczykowski, Silvia Seiro, Hirale S Jeevan, Christoph Geibel, Carsten Putzke, Takafumi Onishi, Hiroaki Ikeda, Antony Carrington, Takasada Shibauchi, Yuji Matsuda
In exotic superconductors, including high-Tc copper oxides, the interactions mediating electron Cooper pairing are widely considered to have a magnetic rather than a conventional electron-phonon origin. Interest in this exotic pairing was initiated by the 1979 discovery of heavy-fermion superconductivity in CeCu2Si2, which exhibits strong antiferromagnetic fluctuations. A hallmark of unconventional pairing by anisotropic repulsive interactions is that the superconducting energy gap changes sign as a function of the electron momentum, often leading to nodes where the gap goes to zero...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688254/monitoring-ice-variations-in-qinghai-lake-from-1979-to-2016-using-passive-microwave-remote-sensing-data
#18
Yu Cai, Chang-Qing Ke, Zheng Duan
Lake ice is a sensitive indicator of climate change. Based on the disparities between the brightness temperatures of lake ice and water, passive microwave data can be used to monitor the ice variations of a lake. With focus on the analysis of long time series variability of lake ice, this study extracts four characteristic dates related to lake ice (the annual freeze start, freeze completion, ablation start and ablation completion dates) for Qinghai Lake from 1979 to 2016 using Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer (SMMR) and Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) passive microwave brightness temperature data...
July 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685556/use-of-supercharged-cover-screw-as-static-magnetic-field-generator-for-bone-healing-2nd-part-in-vivo-enhancement-of-bone-regeneration-in-rabbits
#19
F Bambini, A Santarelli, A Putignano, M Procaccini, G Orsini, D Di Iorio, L Memè, D Sartini, M Emanuelli, L Lo Muzio
In 1979, Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) were approved by the Food and Drug Administration as an effective method in the treatment of non-unions. As well as PEMFs, also static magnetic fields (SMFs) have been widely investigated in orthopaedic studies. Even if the exact mechanism of action is not well understood, a large number of studies showed specific effects both at cellular and tissue levels. As bone fracture healing and osseointegration share the same biological events, the application of magnetic field stimulation in order to facilitate the osseointegration process has been suggested...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676671/the-arctic-subarctic-sea-ice-system-is-entering-a-seasonal-regime-implications-for-future-arctic-amplification
#20
Thomas W N Haine, Torge Martin
The loss of Arctic sea ice is a conspicuous example of climate change. Climate models project ice-free conditions during summer this century under realistic emission scenarios, reflecting the increase in seasonality in ice cover. To quantify the increased seasonality in the Arctic-Subarctic sea ice system, we define a non-dimensional seasonality number for sea ice extent, area, and volume from satellite data and realistic coupled climate models. We show that the Arctic-Subarctic, i.e. the northern hemisphere, sea ice now exhibits similar levels of seasonality to the Antarctic, which is in a seasonal regime without significant change since satellite observations began in 1979...
July 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
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