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Rainer Wirth
The technique of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) was introduced in 1979 as a semi-invasive approach for children with the need for a gastric fistula in order to avoid an operative intervention. The suture pull-through method was rapidly established and is now omnipresent. Because scientific evidence is broadly missing, there is some uncertainty about the indications in geriatric medicine. Guidelines do not recommend the insertion of a PEG in patients with severe dementia and malnutrition. Tube feeding is mainly recommended as a temporary method for patients who cannot take oral nutrition for more than 3 days or for whom the energy intake for more than 10 days presumably covers less than 50% of their needs, assuming that the overall prognosis is reasonable...
January 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Arman Pazouki, Michał Kwarta, Kyle Williams, William Likos, Radu Serban, Paramsothy Jayakumar, Dan Negrut
We summarize and numerically compare two approaches for modeling and simulating the dynamics of dry granular matter. The first one, the discrete-element method via penalty (DEM-P), is commonly used in the soft matter physics and geomechanics communities; it can be traced back to the work of Cundall and Strack [P. Cundall, Proc. Symp. ISRM, Nancy, France 1, 129 (1971); P. Cundall and O. Strack, Geotechnique 29, 47 (1979)GTNQA80016-850510.1680/geot.1979.29.1.47]. The second approach, the discrete-element method via complementarity (DEM-C), considers the grains perfectly rigid and enforces nonpenetration via complementarity conditions; it is commonly used in robotics and computer graphics applications and had two strong promoters in Moreau and Jean [J...
October 2017: Physical Review. E
Norikazu Masuda, Reiki Nishimura, Masato Takahashi, Kenichi Inoue, Shinji Ohno, Hiroji Iwata, Yuko Mori, Satoshi Hashigaki, Yasuaki Muramatsu, Takashi Nagasawa, Yoshiko Umeyama, Masakazu Toi
This single-arm, open-label, phase II study in 42 Japanese postmenopausal patients with estrogen receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (ER+/HER2-) advanced breast cancer evaluated the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of first-line palbociclib (125 mg once daily, 3 weeks on/1 week off) coadministered with letrozole (2.5 mg once daily). The primary endpoint of investigator-assessed 1-year progression-free survival probability was 75.0% (90% CI, 61.3%-84.4%), far surpassing the 40% lower limit of the 90% CI supporting efficacy...
January 18, 2018: Cancer Science
Robert Henley Woody
Presents an obituary for Milton Frank Shore, who passed away on January 6, 2017, due to pneumonia. During a long career, he was a tireless advocate for children, particularly those who were underserved. In addition, he made important contributions as an author, editor, and administrator. He was actively engaged in independent practice at the time of his death. Milt was one of the founders of American Psychological Association (APA) Division 37 (Child, Youth, and Family Services) and served as its president (1978-1979)...
January 2018: American Psychologist
Eduardo Algranti, Cézar Akiyoshi Saito, Diego Rodrigues Mendonça E Silva, Ana Paula Scalia Carneiro, Marco Antonio Bussacos
OBJECTIVE: To analyze mortality from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) in Brazil over the period 1979-2014. METHODS: Microdata were extracted from the Brazilian National Ministry of Health Mortality Database. Only deaths for which the underlying cause was coded as International Classification of Diseases version 9 (ICD-9) 515 or 516.3 (until 1995) or as ICD version 10 (ICD-10) J84.1 (from 1996 onward) were included in our analysis. Standardized mortality rates were calculated for the 2010 Brazilian population...
November 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Casey Chen, Chris Hemme, Joan Beleno, Zhou Jason Shi, Daliang Ning, Yujia Qin, Qichao Tu, Michael Jorgensen, Zhili He, Liyou Wu, Jizhong Zhou
This study examined the microbial diversity and community assembly of oral microbiota in periodontal health and disease and after nonsurgical periodontal treatment. The V4 region of 16S rRNA gene from DNA of 238 saliva and subgingival samples of 21 healthy and 48 diseased subjects was amplified and sequenced. Among 1979 OTUs identified, 28 were overabundant in diseased plaque. Six of these taxa were also overabundant in diseased saliva. Twelve OTUs were overabundant in healthy plaque. There was a trend for disease-associated taxa to decrease and health-associated taxa to increase after treatment with notable variations among individual sites...
January 16, 2018: ISME Journal
H M Ling, T Tao, J Xu, D Xu
Objective: To perform a meta analysis of studies that investigated the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on upper limb motor function in patients with stroke. Methods: We searched for related articles published before October 2015 in MEDLINE(Pubmed) (January 1966 to October 2015), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (October 2015), EMBASE(SCOPUS) (January 1974 to October 2015), Chinese Biomedical Database (CBMDisc) (January 1978 to October 2015), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) (January 1979 to October 2015) and Wanfang database(January 1989 to October 2015)...
December 19, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Paulina Aleksander, Michaela Brückner-Spieler, Anne-Marie Stöhr, Erwin Lankes, Peter Kühnen, Dirk Schnabel, Andrea Ernert, Walter Stäblein, Maria E Craig, Oliver Blankenstein, Annette Grüters, Heiko Krude
Context: The optimal levothyroxine (LT4) dose required to treat congenital hypothyroidism (CH) remains unclear, with a debate if higher starting doses (>10µg/kg) are necessary and safe for normal Intelligence Quotient (IQ). Objective: To examine the psychomotor, metabolic and quality of life outcome in patients with CH treated with a mean high initial LT4 dose. Design, settings, participants: A cross- sectional cohort study of CH patients identified in the Berlin newborn screening programme from 1979-2003...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Donald Kleppel, Jacob Stirton, Jiayong Liu, Nabil A Ebraheim
AIM: To compare infection rates in primary and revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) procedures using antibiotic impregnated bone cement (AIBC) to those rates in procedures not using AIBC. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted in search for randomized controlled trials/studies (RCTs) pertaining to the field of antibiotic AIBC vs non-AIBC groups in both primary and revision TKA procedures. The primary literature search performed was to identify all RCTs that assessed AIBC in primary and revision TKA procedures...
December 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
John Snowdon, Ying-Yeh Chen, Baoliang Zhong, Takashi Yamauchi
Suicide data relating to 1979-2014 were obtained from three East Asian jurisdictions (Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan) and two 'Western' countries (Australia, New Zealand). Rates and age patterns of suicide have changed markedly since 1979. Graphs of these patterns largely remained either upward-sloping, bimodal or flat (uniform) over the 36 years, male commonly differing from female, and East Asian patterns more like each other than those of the Western countries. Japan's male middle-aged suicide rate reached a peak in 1999-2003, which, like increased rates among working age males in Hong Kong and Taiwan, has been attributed largely to consequences of Asian financial crises...
December 2, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
N Malca, K Serror, M Mimoun, S Chatelain, J Kaplan, M Chaouat, O Marco, D Boccara
Our retrospective study of burn patients presents a three-step treatment of heterotopic ossification: excision surgery, early rehabilitation, and analgesia. We included patients admitted to the department for treatment of postburn heterotopic ossification between January 1, 1979, and September 30, 2015. The mean age at the time of the burn was 43.3 years. Men accounted for the majority of burn patients who developed an osteoma (70.8%). The mean total skin area burned was 38.4%. No osteoma justifying surgery was found for any patient with a total burned skin area less than 19%...
December 27, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Dario Manara, Luca Soldi, Sara Mastromarino, Kostantinos Boboridis, Davide Robba, Luka Vlahovic, Rudy Konings
Major and severe accidents have occurred three times in nuclear power plants (NPPs), at Three Mile Island (USA, 1979), Chernobyl (former USSR, 1986) and Fukushima (Japan, 2011). Research on the causes, dynamics, and consequences of these mishaps has been performed in a few laboratories worldwide in the last three decades. Common goals of such research activities are: the prevention of these kinds of accidents, both in existing and potential new nuclear power plants; the minimization of their eventual consequences; and ultimately, a full understanding of the real risks connected with NPPs...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
(no author information available yet)
The Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award is sponsored jointly by Psi Chi, the national honor society in psychology, and the APA. The award is presented annually to the psychology graduate student who submits the best research paper that was published or presented at a national, regional, or state psychological association conference during the past calendar year. The Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award was established in 1979. The award was established to recognize young researchers at the beginning of their professional lives and to commemorate both the 50th anniversary of Psi Chi and the 100th anniversary of psychology as a science (dating from the founding of Wundt's laboratory)...
December 2017: American Psychologist
P S Harenberg, M F Langer, J Sproedt, J G Grünert
Osteoarthritis of the first carpometacarpal joint (CMCJ1) is a common, painful condition with positive radiological findings in up to 32% of people over 50 years of age and up to 91% of people over 80 years of age. Currently, there is insufficient evidence to recommend one surgical treatment option over the others. We conducted a retrospective review of 77 patients treated for CMCJ1 osteoarthritis with plate arthrodesis between 1979 and 1996. The review included physical examination, including range of motion (ROM) of the thumb interphalangeal joint, metacarpophalangeal joint and CMCJ1, pinch grip, key grip and power grip strength, and a questionnaire on subjective outcomes (appearance, dexterity, load bearing, pain, strength, subjective overall result and if patients would choose the procedure again)...
December 14, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Paweł Jałoszyński, Alfred F Newton
Many species currently placed in Sciacharis Broun were once included in Euconnus Thomson, and their taxonomic history is complicated due to diffuse and overlapping diagnoses of both genera applied by previous authors, numerous virtually unjustified transfers of species between them, and hundreds of species not assigned to any subgenus. Based on comparative morphological studies of respective type species, we clarify the status of Allomaoria Franz, Austroconophron Franz, Magellanoconnus Franz, Neuraphoconnus Franz and Valdivioconnus Franz...
November 8, 2017: Zootaxa
Jenő Kontschán
Jedediella hoffmani sp. nov. and Trachytes virginiana sp. nov. are described on the basis of specimens from Virginia USA. This paper also presents the first published records of Trachytes balazyi Wiśniewski & Hirschmann, 1994, Discourella gaitlinburgiana Wiśniewski & Hirschmann, 1994 and Discourella modestasimilis Hiramatsu & Hirschmann 1979 from Virginia, and the first record of Discourella modestasimilis from USA.
November 13, 2017: Zootaxa
Nikita J Kluge, Jean-Luc Gattolliat, Frederico F Salles
Larvae, subimagoes, imagoes of both sexes and eggs of Crassabwa flava (Crass 1947) are described based on reared material from South Africa, Zambia and Tanzania. Larvae, subimagoes, imagoes of both sexes and eggs of a new species Crassabwa ludmilae sp. n. are described based on reared material from Zambia, Guinea and Mali. Larvae and details of a male subimago extracted from a mature larva of a new species, Crassabwa ameliae sp. n., are described from Zambia, Guinea and Mali. Diagnosis of the genus Crassabwa Lugo-Ortiz & McCafferty 1996 is corrected...
November 20, 2017: Zootaxa
J G J Huurman
Chris Mol, Arie Querido and Piet Muntendam were three socially and politically active medical doctors in the 20th century. Inspired by different sources (Catholicism, and the social democratic and progressive-liberal movements), these doctors strove to improve public health in the Netherlands. Up to about 1940 they were primarily traditional doctors caring for individual patients. After World War Two their scope widened, eventually to the wider society. The life histories of the three main characters are remarkably intertwined...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Ravinder Verma, Ravneet Ravinder Verma, Rohan Ravinder Verma
Tonsillectomy is a major surgical procedure in terms of volume in the general otolaryngological practice. It is a 3000-year-old surgical operation, referred in Hindu medicine. There has been a conceptual change in the indications and surgical technique in the last 40 years. A comparative study between the various methods of tonsillectomy was done. The study was carried out in the single institutional set up by the same surgeon but using different techniques. The study aimed at comparing the intra-operative factors (blood loss, time taken for surgery), postoperative results (pain, bleeding, dehydration, time taken for complete healing), and other complications like vomiting and hospitalization time between different groups of surgical methods...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Gerard Neeraj, Shobana Ravi, Ravindran Somdutt, ShriAishvarya Kaliyur Ravi, Vaidyanathan Vinoth Kumar
In recent times, inulinase has emerged as one the most prominent and industrially upcoming enzymes applied to meet the ever increasing demand of d-fructose and fructooligosaccharides (FOS) as sweetener and prebiotics in the food and pharmaceutical industry, respectively. This review deals with types of inulinase and the attempts made to modify it for better thermal stability and shelf life. The ease of immobilization of inulinase has led us to the path of experimenting with different methods of enzyme immobilization since 1979...
December 12, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
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