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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917038/revised-classification-and-catalogue-of-global-nepticulidae-and-opostegidae-lepidoptera-nepticuloidea
#1
Erik J van Nieukerken, Camiel Doorenweerd, Robert J B Hoare, Donald R Davis
A catalogue of all named Nepticulidae and Opostegidae is presented, including fossil species. The catalogue is simultaneously published online in the scratchpad http://nepticuloidea.info/ and in Catalogue of Life (http://www.catalogueoflife.org/col/details/database/id/172). We provide a historical overview of taxonomic research on Nepticuloidea and a brief 'state of the art'. A DNA barcode dataset with 3205 barcodes is made public at the same time, providing DNA barcodes of ca. 779 species, of which 2563 are identified as belonging to 444 validly published species...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916848/water-will-be-the-coal-of-the-future-the-untamed-dream-of-jules-verne-for-a-solar-fuel
#2
REVIEW
Vladimir K Ryabchuk, Vyacheslav N Kuznetsov, Alexei V Emeline, Yurii M Artem'ev, Galina V Kataeva, Satoshi Horikoshi, Nick Serpone
This article evokes the futuristic visions of two giants, one a writer, Jules Verne, who foresaw water as the coal of the future, and the other a scientist, Giacomo Ciamician, who foresaw the utilization of solar energy as an energy source with which to drive photochemical and photocatalytic reactions for the betterment of mankind. Specifically, we examine briefly the early work of the 1960s and 1970s on the photosplitting of free water and water adsorbed on solid supports, based mostly on metal oxides, from which both hydrogen and oxygen evolve in the expected stoichiometric ratio of 2 to 1...
November 29, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916532/primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-catalonia-what-is-the-clinical-evidence-that-supports-our-prosthesis
#3
D Chaverri-Fierro, L Lobo-Escolar, M Espallargues, O Martínez-Cruz, L Domingo, M Pons-Cabrafiga
INTRODUCTION: The implementation of National Prostheses Registries allows us to obtain a large amount of data and make conclusions in order to improve the use of them. Sweden was the first country to implement a National Prostheses Registry in 1979. Catalonia has been doing this since 2005. The aim of our study is to analyse the evidence that supports primary total hip replacement in Catalonia in the last 9 years, based on the Arthroplasty Registry of Catalonia (RACat). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A review of the literature was carried out of the prosthesis (acetabular cups/stems) reported in the RACat between the period 2005 to 2013 in the following databases: ODEP (Orthopaedic Data Evaluation Panel), TRIP database, PubMed, and Google Scholar...
December 1, 2016: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914777/polonium-210-accumulates-in-a-lake-receiving-coal-mine-discharges-anthropogenic-or-natural
#4
A W Nelson, E S Eitrheim, A W Knight, D May, M D Wichman, T Z Forbes, M K Schultz
Coal is an integral part of global energy production; however, coal mining is associated with numerous environmental health impacts. It is well documented that coal-mine waste can contaminate the environment with naturally-occurring radionuclides from the uranium-238 ((238)U) decay series. However, the behavior of the final radionuclide in the (238)U-series, i.e., polonium-210 ((210)Po) arising from coal-mine waste-water discharge is largely unexplored. Here, results of a year-long (2014-2015) field study, in which the concentrations of (210)Po in sediments and surface water of a lake that receives coal-mine waste-water discharge in West Virginia are presented...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913056/the-best-of-intentions-a-structural-analysis-of-the-association-between-socioeconomic-disadvantage-and-unintended-pregnancy-in-a-sample-of-mothers-from-the-national-longitudinal-survey-of-youth-1979
#5
Akilah Wise, Arline T Geronimus, Pamela J Smock
OBJECTIVES: Births to less educated women are more likely to be classified as unintended than other births. We question a common interpretation that this association reflects a lack of contraceptive knowledge or self-efficacy among less educated women. We theorize that differences in early life educational advantages structure pregnancy desires and the salience and opportunity costs of precise fertility timing. We hypothesize that net of covariates indicative of early educational disadvantage, mothers with less education are not more likely to report births as unintended compared with mothers who have attained higher levels of education before becoming mothers...
November 29, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912742/secular-trends-and-correlates-of-physical-activity-the-troms%C3%A3-study-1979-2008
#6
Bente Morseth, Bjarne K Jacobsen, Nina Emaus, Tom Wilsgaard, Lone Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: The aim was to describe secular trends in leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and work related physical activity (WPA) from 1979 to 2008. Additionally, we explored potential cross-sectional and longitudinal correlates of LTPA and WPA. METHODS: Data are collected from 34,898 individuals (49.7% men) aged >20 years who participated in at least one Tromsø Study survey between 1979 and 2008. In each survey, the participants completed a self-administered questionnaire and underwent physical examinations...
December 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911247/correlation-of-mortality-with-lesion-level-in-patients-with-myelomeningocele-a-population-based-study
#7
Joel Haakon Borgstedt-Bakke, Morten Fenger-Grøn, Mikkel Mylius Rasmussen
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess myelomeningocele mortality, correlate these findings to lesion level, and investigate mortality evolution. METHODS From the population-based western Denmark myelomeningocele database, the authors extracted the records of 187 patients born between January 1, 1970, and July 1, 2015. Patients were categorized according to their most rostral lesion level into cervical, thoracic, lumbar, or sacral groups. Furthermore, patients were categorized based on their birth dates (1970-1979, 1980-1989, and 1990-2015)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905953/improving-the-usefulness-of-us-mortality-data-new-methods-for-reclassification-of-underlying-cause-of-death
#8
Kyle J Foreman, Mohsen Naghavi, Majid Ezzati
BACKGROUND: Mortality data are affected by miscertification of the medical cause of death deaths and changes to cause of death classification systems. We present both mappings of ICD9 and ICD10 to a unified list of causes, and a new statistical model for reducing the impact of misclassification of cause of death. METHODS: We propose a Bayesian mixed-effects multinomial logistic model that can be run on individual record level death certificates to reclassify "garbage-coded" deaths onto causes that are more meaningful for public health purposes...
April 28, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905866/morphological-structure-influences-the-initial-landing-position-in-words-during-reading-finnish
#9
Jukka Hyönä, Ming Yan, Seppo Vainio
The preferred viewing location in words (Rayner, 1979) during reading is near the word center. Parafoveal word length information is utilized to guide the eyes toward it. A recent study of Yan et al. (2014) demonstrated that the word's morphological structure may also be used in saccadic targeting. The study was conducted in a morphologically rich language, Uighur. The present study aimed at replicating their main findings in another morphologically rich language, Finnish. Similarly to Yan et al., it was found that the initial fixation landed closer to the word beginning for morphologically complex than monomorphemic words...
December 1, 2016: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905672/oral-astragalus-huang-qi-for-preventing-frequent-episodes-of-acute-respiratory-tract-infection-in-children
#10
REVIEW
Guobin Su, Xiankun Chen, Zhuangzhu Liu, Lihong Yang, La Zhang, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Zehuai Wen, Xinfeng Guo, Xindong Qin, Jueyao Liang, Xusheng Liu
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) are common in children and can involve both upper and lower airways. Many children experience frequent ARTI episodes or recurrent respiratory tract infections (RRTIs) in early life, which creates challenges for paediatricians, primary care physicians, parents and carers of children.In China, Astragalus (Huang qi), alone or in combination with other herbs, is used by Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) practitioners in the form of a water extract, to reduce the risk of ARTIs; it is believed to stimulate the immune system...
December 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905056/principal-covariates-clusterwise-regression-pccr-accounting-for-multicollinearity-and-population-heterogeneity-in-hierarchically-organized-data
#11
Tom Frans Wilderjans, Eva Vande Gaer, Henk A L Kiers, Iven Van Mechelen, Eva Ceulemans
In the behavioral sciences, many research questions pertain to a regression problem in that one wants to predict a criterion on the basis of a number of predictors. Although in many cases, ordinary least squares regression will suffice, sometimes the prediction problem is more challenging, for three reasons: first, multiple highly collinear predictors can be available, making it difficult to grasp their mutual relations as well as their relations to the criterion. In that case, it may be very useful to reduce the predictors to a few summary variables, on which one regresses the criterion and which at the same time yields insight into the predictor structure...
November 30, 2016: Psychometrika
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901244/trends-in-mortality-from-ill-defined-causes-among-the-elderly-in-brazil-1979-2013-ecological-study
#12
Davi Félix Martins, Ridalva Dias Martins Felzemburg, Acácia Batista Dias, Tania Maria Costa, Pedro Nascimento Prates Santos
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Mortality measurements are traditionally used as health indicators and are useful in describing a population's health situation through reporting injuries that lead to death. The aim here was to analyze the temporal trend of proportional mortality from ill-defined causes (IDCs) among the elderly in Brazil from 1979 to 2013. DESIGN AND SETTING: Ecological study using data from the Mortality Information System of the Brazilian Ministry of Health...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900317/does-early-career-achievement-lead-to-earlier-death-assessment-of-the-precocity-longevity-effect-in-professional-basketball-players
#13
Nick Wattie, Srdjan Lemez, Chris I Ardern, Michael Rotondi, Joseph Baker
OBJECTIVES: To examine the precocity-longevity (P-L) effect in North American professional basketball players who debuted between 1946 and 1979, and to determine whether playing position and decade of play influenced the relationship between age of career achievements and life span. METHODS: A total of 1852 players were evaluated from a recognized sports archive (i.e., http://sports-reference.com), which provided information on date of birth, death, and career debut, playing position, and indicators of achievement (i...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899295/prevalence-and-correlates-of-binge-eating-disorder-related-features-in-the-community
#14
Linda Mustelin, Cynthia M Bulik, Jaakko Kaprio, Anna Keski-Rahkonen
Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with high levels of obesity and psychological suffering, but little is known about 1) the distribution of features of BED in the general population and 2) their consequences for weight development and psychological distress in young adulthood. We investigated the prevalence of features of BED and their association with body mass index (BMI) and psychological distress among men (n = 2423) and women (n = 2825) from the longitudinal community-based FinnTwin16 cohort (born 1975-1979)...
November 26, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898034/emerging-non-canonical-functions-and-regulation-by-p53-p53-and-stemness
#15
REVIEW
David J Olivos, Lindsey D Mayo
Since its discovery nearly 40 years ago, p53 has ascended to the forefront of investigated genes and proteins across diverse research disciplines and is recognized most exclusively for its role in cancer as a tumor suppressor. Levine and Oren (2009) reviewed the evolution of p53 detailing the significant discoveries of each decade since its first report in 1979. In this review, we will highlight the emerging non-canonical functions and regulation of p53 in stem cells. We will focus on general themes shared among p53's functions in non-malignant stem cells and cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) and the influence of p53 on the microenvironment and CSC niche...
November 26, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896319/correlation-between-pollution-and-decline-of-scleractinian-cladocora-caespitosa-linnaeus-1758-in-the-gulf-of-gabes
#16
Akram El Kateb, Claudio Stalder, Christoph Neururer, Chiara Pisapia, Silvia Spezzaferri
During an expedition in 2014 in the Gulf of Gabes that aimed to evaluate the impact of the pollution of the phosphate industry on the marine environment, numerous dead coral fragments were retrieved from several stations along a 18 km long transect in front of the industry complex of Gabes. Detailed taxonomy of these coral fragments shows clearly that all fragments belong to the species Cladocora caespitosa (Linnaeus, 1758). Quantitative analysis of the coral fragments indicates a positive correlation with stations characterized by positive bathymetric anomalies...
November 2016: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893489/military-service-and-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-in-a-population-based-cohort-extended-follow-up-1979-2011
#17
Jacquelyn J Cragg, Norman J Johnson, Marc G Weisskopf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889594/racial-ethnic-differences-in-30-year-trajectories-of-heavy-drinking-in-a-nationally-representative-u-s-sample
#18
Nina Mulia, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Jane Witbrodt, Jason Bond, Edwina Williams, Sarah E Zemore
BACKGROUND: Racial/ethnic minorities bear a disproportionate burden of alcohol-related problems in the U.S. It is unknown whether this reflects harmful patterns of lifecourse heavy drinking. Prior research shows little support for the latter but has been limited to young samples. We examine racial/ethnic differences in heavy drinking trajectories from ages 21 to 51. METHODS: Data on heavy drinking (6+ drinks/occasion) are from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N=9468), collected between 1982 and 2012...
November 3, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887822/decline-of-trace-metal-pollution-in-the-bottom-sediments-of-the-barcelona-city-continental-shelf-nw-mediterranean
#19
Albert Palanques, Laura Lopez, Jorge Guillén, Pere Puig, Pere Masqué
The evolution of trace metal pollution on the Barcelona city continental shelf during the last few decades was studied by analyzing the historical records of trace metals in sediment cores and surface sediment samples taken at the same locations in 1987 and in 2008. Polluted surface samples taken in 1987 reached enrichment factors of up to 490 for Hg, about 40 for Pb and Cd, and about 17 for Zn, Cr and Cu. The data show a decline of up to one order of magnitude in the trace metal content of surface sediments during the last few decades, with maximum enrichment factors of between 20 and 30 for Hg and Cd and between 5 and 12 for Zn, Cr, Pb and Cu...
November 22, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884444/dynamics-of-parascaris-and-strongylus-spp-parasites-in-untreated-juvenile-horses
#20
J V Fabiani, E T Lyons, M K Nielsen
Parasite control in foals is of utmost importance due to the high susceptibility to parasitic infection and disease in this age group. Foals are commonly co-infected with strongyle and ascarid parasites, which complicate parasite control strategies. The present study retrospectively investigated necropsy records of foals born into a university herd kept without anthelmintic treatment since 1979. The aims were to statistically analyze the relationship between fecal egg counts, worm burdens, foal age, sex, and season with specific focus on Parascaris and Strongylus spp...
October 30, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
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