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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335319/preterm-delivery-and-future-risk-of-maternal-cardiovascular-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Pensée Wu, Martha Gulati, Chun Shing Kwok, Chun Wai Wong, Aditya Narain, Shaughn O'Brien, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Ganga Verma, Umesh T Kadam, Mamas A Mamas
BACKGROUND: Preterm delivery (<37 weeks gestational age) affects 11% of all pregnancies, but data are conflicting whether preterm birth is associated with long-term adverse maternal cardiovascular outcomes. We aimed to systematically evaluate and summarize the evidence on the relationship between preterm birth and future maternal risk of cardiovascular diseases. METHODS AND RESULTS: A systematic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE was performed to identify relevant studies that evaluated the association between preterm birth and future maternal risk of composite cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, stroke, and death caused by cardiovascular or coronary heart disease and stroke...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327055/comparing-neoadjuvant-nab-paclitaxel-vs-paclitaxel-both-followed-by-anthracycline-regimens-in-women-with-erbb2-her2-negative-breast-cancer-the-evaluating-treatment-with-neoadjuvant-abraxane-etna-trial-a-randomized-phase-3-clinical-trial
#2
Luca Gianni, Mauro Mansutti, Antonio Anton, Lourdes Calvo, Giancarlo Bisagni, Begoña Bermejo, Vladimir Semiglazov, Marc Thill, Jose Ignacio Chacon, Arlene Chan, Serafin Morales, Isabel Alvarez, Arrate Plazaola, Milvia Zambetti, Andrew D Redfern, Christian Dittrich, Rebecca Alexandra Dent, Domenico Magazzù, Raffaella De Fato, Pinuccia Valagussa, Ignacio Tusquets
Importance: Studies of neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens using anthracyclines followed by taxanes have reported a doubling of pathological complete remission (pCR) rates compared with anthracycline-based regimens alone. A reverse sequence did not reduce activity. Nab-paclitaxel is an albumin-bound nanoparticle of paclitaxel that allows for safe infusion without premedication, and its use led to a significantly higher rate of pCR in the GeparSepto trial. Objective: To determine whether nab-paclitaxel improves the outcomes of early and locally advanced human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (ERBB2/HER2)-negative breast cancer compared with paclitaxel when delivered in a neoadjuvant setting...
January 11, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324475/bilateral-cochlear-implants-maximizing-expected-outcomes
#3
Kate E Willis, Nathan J Blum, Stephanie A Waryasz, Marilyn Augustyn
Sonia is a 4 1/12-year-old girl with Waardenburg syndrome and bilateral sensorineural hearing loss who had bilateral cochlear implants at 2 7/12 years of age. She is referred to Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics by her speech/language pathologist because of concerns that her language skills are not progressing as expected after the cochlear implant. At the time of the implant, she communicated using approximately 20 signs and 1 spoken word (mama). At the time of the evaluation (18 months after the implant) she had approximately 70 spoken words (English and Spanish) and innumerable signs that she used to communicate...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319387/relationship-between-physical-activity-disability-and-physical-fitness-profile-in-sedentary-latina-breast-cancer-survivors
#4
Alexis Ortiz, Maribel Tirado, Daniel C Hughes, Velda Gonzalez, JaeJoon Song, Scherezade K Mama, Karen Basen-Engquist
OBJECTIVE: To report baseline data from a physical activity (PA) intervention for Latina breast cancer survivors, and assess the relationship between PA, fitness, and disability. METHODS: Eighty-nine Latina breast cancer survivors from San Juan, PR and Houston, TX (age: 55.4 ± 9.9 years; BMI: 29.87 ± 5.62 kg/m2; ≥ 3 months post-treatment) participated in this study. At baseline participants completed fitness testing (six-minute walk test [6MWT], 30-second sit-stand; grip strength, lower and upper extremity and low back strength, shoulder range of motion, balance testing), and assessment of physical activity (PA) and disability...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315802/radial-versus-femoral-approach-for-same-day-inter-facility-transfer-for-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#5
Zeev Israeli, Shahar Lavi, Olivier F Bertand, Mamas A Mamas, Rodrigo Bagur
BACKGROUND: The use of radial approach for coronary angiography, followed by same-day inter-facility transfer for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not yet been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the safety and feasibility of using the transradial as compared to the transfemoral approach in patients undergoing diagnostic angiogram with same-day transfer to a PCI facility. METHODS: Patients that underwent diagnostic coronary angiography between January 2011 and June 2017 in a referring facility, and were transferred for same-day PCI were included...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297798/evaluation-of-blood-gas-values-in-anesthetized-southern-white-rhinoceros-ceratotherium-simum-ventilated-with-a-novel-demand-ventilator-in-a-zoological-park-setting
#6
Mark Jeon, Khursheed R Mama, Jeffrey R Zuba, Nadine Lamberski, James E Oosterhuis, Meredith M Clancy, Katie W Delk, Matthew E Kinney, Patrick J Morris, Francisco Olea-Popelka
Rhinoceros conservation efforts are essential to the survival of the species. One such effort is focused on using advanced reproductive technologies to produce viable northern white rhinoceros ( Ceratotherium simum cottoni) embryos for implantation into southern white rhinoceros ( Ceratotherium simum simum) surrogates. Anesthesia may be required to facilitate necessary procedures in these surrogate rhinoceros, but commonly reported side effects including hypercapnia and hypoxemia limit anesthetic recumbency time due to animal safety concerns...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279156/the-impact-of-axillary-ultrasound-with-biopsy-in-overtreatment-of-early-breast-cancer
#7
Javier Del Riego, María Jesús Diaz-Ruiz, Milagros Teixidó, Judit Ribé, Mariona Vilagran, Lydia Canales, Melcior Sentís
PURPOSE: (a) To compare the axillary tumor burden detected by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) versus sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). (b) To evaluate the relationship between axillary tumor burden and the number of suspicious lymph nodes detected by axillary ultrasonography (US). (c) To calculate the false-positive and false-negative rates for FNAC in patients fulfilling ACOSOG Z0011 criteria. METHODS: Retrospective multicenter cross-sectional study of 355 pT1 breast cancers...
January 2018: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260497/equine-pericardium-for-tectonic-globe-repair
#8
Konstantinos Droutsas, Dimitrios Papaconstantinou, Ilias Georgalas, Georgios Kymionis, Konstantinos Andreanos, Elli Stamou, Nikolaos Mamas
PURPOSE: To describe the use of equine pericardium as an off-label temporary emergency treatment of scleral and corneal perforations. METHODS: Three eyes of two male patients aged 34 and 38 years were included, i.e. a case with a history of severe bilateral thermal burn undergoing phacoemulsification complicated by tearing of the main port causing iris exposure and a patient with bilateral corneal perforation secondary to non-infectious corneal melt due to presumed ocular non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug abuse...
December 19, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250812/a-multiple-model-generalisation-of-updating-clinical-prediction-models
#9
Glen P Martin, Mamas A Mamas, Niels Peek, Iain Buchan, Matthew Sperrin
There is growing interest in developing clinical prediction models (CPMs) to aid local healthcare decision-making. Frequently, these CPMs are developed in isolation across different populations, with repetitive de novo derivation a common modelling strategy. However, this fails to utilise all available information and does not respond to changes in health processes through time and space. Alternatively, model updating techniques have previously been proposed that adjust an existing CPM to suit the new population, but these techniques are restricted to a single model...
December 18, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246615/impact-of-anaemia-on-acute-stroke-outcomes-depends-on-the-type-of-anaemia-evidence-from-a-uk-stroke-register
#10
Raphae S Barlas, Stephen J McCall, Joao H Bettencourt-Silva, Allan B Clark, Kristian M Bowles, Anthony K Metcalf, Mamas A Mamas, John F Potter, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated an association between anaemia and poor outcomes in acute stroke. This study aimed to assess the impact of anaemia on stroke by anaemia subtype. METHODS: Data from a prospective UK Regional Stroke Register were used to assess the association between hypochromic microcytic and normochromic normocytic anaemia on inpatient-mortality, length of stay (LOS) and discharge modified Rankin scale (mRS). Analysis was stratified by stroke subtypes and multivariable logistic regression, adjusting for potential confounders, was used to quantify this association...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227994/low-cost-low-tech-snp-genotyping-tools-for-resource-limited-areas-plague-in-madagascar-as-a-model
#11
Cedar L Mitchell, Voahangy Andrianaivoarimanana, Rebecca E Colman, Joseph Busch, Heidie Hornstra-O'Neill, Paul S Keim, David M Wagner, Minoarisoa Rajerison, Dawn N Birdsell
BACKGROUND: Genetic analysis of pathogenic organisms is a useful tool for linking human cases together and/or to potential environmental sources. The resulting data can also provide information on evolutionary patterns within a targeted species and phenotypic traits. However, the instruments often used to generate genotyping data, such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), can be expensive and sometimes require advanced technologies to implement. This places many genotyping tools out of reach for laboratories that do not specialize in genetic studies and/or lack the requisite financial and technological resources...
December 11, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227396/mama-s-here
#12
Amber Welborn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226914/longitudinal-deformation-bench-testing-using-a-coronary-artery-model-a-new-standard
#13
COMMENT
Tawfiq R Choudhury, Salwan Al-Saigh, Steve Burley, Lin Li, Nizar Shakhshir, Nazanin Mirhosseini, Tao Wang, Samer Arnous, Muhammad A Khan, Mamas A Mamas, Douglas G W Fraser
Objectives: To compare susceptibility of five different stent platforms with longitudinal stent deformation (LSD) using a clinically relevant bench testing model simulating both short and long malapposed lengths. Background: Recent data suggest that design modifications to the Promus Element stent which led to the Promus Premier stent has reduced susceptibility to LSD. However, susceptibility to LSD at long malapposed lengths has not been tested. Furthermore, the mechanisms behind susceptibility to LSD are as yet unclear...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221243/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-with-the-repositionable-and-fully-retrievable-lotus-valve-systemtm
#14
EDITORIAL
Rodrigo Bagur, Tawfiq Choudhury, Mamas A Mamas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217636/novel-united-kingdom-prognostic-model-for-30-day-mortality-following-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#15
Glen P Martin, Matthew Sperrin, Peter F Ludman, Mark A de Belder, Simon R Redwood, Jonathan N Townend, Mark Gunning, Neil E Moat, Adrian P Banning, Iain Buchan, Mamas A Mamas
OBJECTIVE: Existing clinical prediction models (CPM) for short-term mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) have limited applicability in the UK due to moderate predictive performance and inconsistent recording practices across registries. The aim of this study was to derive a UK-TAVI CPM to predict 30-day mortality risk for benchmarking purposes. METHODS: A two-step modelling strategy was undertaken: first, data from the UK-TAVI Registry between 2009 and 2014 were used to develop a multivariable logistic regression CPM using backwards stepwise regression...
December 7, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204358/crohn-s-disease-and-multilocular-cystic-renal-neoplasm-of-low-malignant-potential-an-unusual-association
#16
Mrabet Soumaya, Ksiaa Mehdi, Mama Nadia, Yacoubi Tahar, Elleuch Nour, Ben Slama Ayda, Jmaa Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185347/hyperglycaemia-and-the-soar-stroke-score-in-predicting-mortality
#17
Stephen J McCall, Turkiah A Alanazi, Allan B Clark, Stanley D Musgrave, Joao H Bettencourt-Silva, Max O Bachmann, Anthony K Metcalf, Kristian M Bowles, Mamas A Mamas, John F Potter, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND: We assessed the association between admission blood glucose levels and acute stroke mortality and examined whether there was any incremental value of adding glucose status to the validated acute stroke mortality predictor - the SOAR (stroke subtype, Oxford Community Stroke Project classification, age, and pre-stroke modified Rankin) score. METHODS: Data from Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital stroke and Transient Ischaemic Attack register (2003-2013) and Anglia Stroke Clinical Network Evaluation Study (2009-2012) were analysed...
November 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169494/impact-of-access-site-practice-on-clinical%C3%A2-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-following-thrombolysis-for-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-the-united-kingdom-an-insight-from-the-british-cardiovascular-intervention
#18
Muhammad Rashid, Claire A Rushton, Chun Shing Kwok, Tim Kinnaird, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Ivan Olier, Peter Ludman, Mark A De Belder, James Nolan, Mamas A Mamas
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the relationship between access site practice and clinical outcomes in patients requiring percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) following thrombolysis for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: Transradial access (TRA) is associated with better outcomes in patients requiring PCI for STEMI. A significant proportion of STEMI patients may receive thrombolysis before undergoing PCI in many countries across the world...
November 27, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130619/a-feasibility-study-of-transaxillary-tavi-with-the-lotus-valve
#19
Sagar N Doshi, Sudhakar George, Chun Shing Kwok, Anthony Mechery, Mamas Mamas, Peter F Ludman, Jonathan N Townend, Moninder Bhabra
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of axillary transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) using the Lotus valve. BACKGROUND: TAVI is used to treat patients with severe aortic stenosis, with transfemoral (TF) access being the safest and most widely used route. In patients unsuitable for this, there are reports that the axillary artery may be safest alternative access route. The Lotus device is a fully retrievable 2nd generation transcatheter heart valve which is licensed for femoral and transaortic access...
November 11, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124371/rare-earth-and-precious-elements-in-the-urban-sewage-sludge-and-lake-surface-sediments-under-anthropogenic-influence-in-the-republic-of-benin
#20
Arouna Yessoufou, Binessi Edouard Ifon, Fidèle Suanon, Biaou Dimon, Qian Sun, Comlan Achille Dedjiho, Daouda Mama, Chang-Ping Yu
Nowadays, sewage sludge and water bodies are subjected to heavy pollution due to rapid population growth and urbanization. Heavy metal pollution represents one of the main challenges threatening our environment and the ecosystem. The present work aims to evaluate the contamination state of the sewage sludge and lake sediments in the Republic of Benin. Twenty metallic elements including 15 rare earth elements (Eu, Sb, Cs, Nd, Pr, Gd, La, Ce, Tb, Sm, Dy, Ho, Eu, Yb, and Lu) and five precious elements (Ag, Au, Pd, Pt, and Ru) were investigated using inductive plasma-mass spectrometry...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
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