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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871241/prevalence-antimicrobial-susceptibility-patterns-and-associated-risk-factors-of-shigella-and-salmonella-among-food-handlers-in-arba-minch-university-south-ethiopia
#1
Mohammedaman Mama, Getaneh Alemu
BACKGROUND: The availability of safe food improves health of the people that contributes to productivity and provides an effective platform for development and poverty alleviation. On the other hand, unsafe food handling and processing can serve as a vehicle for the transmission of a variety of disease causing agents. The risk of food getting contaminated depends largely on the health status of the food handlers, their personal hygiene, knowledge and practice of food hygiene. Food borne diseases are therefore a public health problem in developed and developing countries which is also true for Ethiopia...
November 21, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866164/relationship-between-anemia-and-mortality-outcomes-in-a-national-acute-coronary-syndrome-cohort-insights-from-the-uk-myocardial-ischemia-national-audit-project-registry
#2
Mamas A Mamas, Chun Shing Kwok, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Anthony A Fryer, Iain Buchan, Max O Bachmann, M Justin Zaman, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND: We aim to determine the prevalence of anemia in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients and compare their clinical characteristics, management, and clinical outcomes to those without anemia in an unselected national ACS cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Myocardial Ischemia National Audit Project (MINAP) registry collects data on all adults admitted to hospital trusts in England and Wales with diagnosis of an ACS. We conducted a retrospective cohort study by analyzing patients in this registry between January 2006 and December 2010 and followed them up until August 2011...
November 19, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863352/ultrafiltration-for-acute-decompensated-cardiac-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Chun Shing Kwok, Chun Wai Wong, Claire A Rushton, Fozia Ahmed, Colin Cunnington, Simon J Davies, Ashish Patwala, Mamas A Mamas, Duwarakan Satchithananda
BACKGROUND: Ultrafiltration is a method used to achieve diuresis in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) when there is diuretic resistance, but its efficacy in other settings is unclear. We therefore conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the use of ultrafiltration in ADHF. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for studies that evaluated outcomes following filtration compared to diuretic therapy in ADHF. The outcomes of interest were body weight change, change in renal function, length of stay, frequency of rehospitalization, mortality and dependence on dialysis...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855772/mandela-s-generation-99-years-old-and-still-thriving-and-surviving-this-is-the-story-of-mama-matlala
#4
Jocelyn Anstey Watkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855663/pre-pregnancy-community-based-intervention-for-couples-in-malaysia-application-of-intervention-mapping
#5
Shane A Norris, Julius Cheah Chee Ho, Aswir Abd Rashed, Vibeke Vinding, Jutta K H Skau, Regien Biesma, Jens Aagaard-Hansen, Mark Hanson, Priya Matzen
BACKGROUND: Malaysia is experiencing a nutrition transition with burgeoning obesity, particularly in women, and a growing prevalence of non-communicable disease. These health burdens have severe implications not only for adult health but also across generations. Pre-conception health promotion could address the intergenerational risk of metabolic disease. This paper describes the development of the "Jom Mama" intervention using Intervention Mapping (IM). The Jom Mama intervention aims to improve the health of young adult couples in Malaysia prior to conception...
November 17, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837571/maternal-screening-for-early-postnatal-vulnerability
#6
V G Vivilaki, V Dafermos, Ev Patelarou, D Bick, Ar Syngelaki, N D Tsopelas, P Bitsios, E T Petridou, Al N Vgontzas, Chr Lionis
Research has highlighted the wide impact of maternal mental health problems during and beyond the postpartum period and the public health role of community health professionals in early detection of women who may be at risk. This paper aims to describe, explore and test an a priori hypothesised conceptual model of postnatal experience, identifying the relationships between postnatal mental vulnerability and postnatal adjustment to maternal roles and attitudes, marital/partner-relationship and sense of coherence...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834574/contribution-of-psychosocial-factors-to-physical-activity-in-women-of-color-in-the-saving-lives-staying-active-salsa-study
#7
Scherezade K Mama, Lorna H McNeill, Erica G Soltero, Raul Orlando Edwards, Rebecca E Lee
Culturally appropriate, innovative strategies to increase physical activity (PA) in women of color are needed. This study examined whether participation in SALSA, an 8-week randomized, crossover pilot study to promote PA, led to improved psychosocial outcomes and whether these changes were associated with changes in PA over time. Women of color (N=50) completed internet-based questionnaires on PA, exercise self-efficacy, motivational readiness, stress and social support at three time points. Women reported high socioeconomic status and decreases in exercise self-efficacy and increases in motivational readiness for exercise and number of stressful events (p<...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830157/linking-high-risk-postpartum-women-with-a-technology-enabled-health-coaching-program-to-reduce-diabetes-risk-and-improve-wellbeing-program-description-case-studies-and-recommendations-for-community-health-coaching-programs
#8
Priyanka Athavale, Melanie Thomas, Adriana T Delgadillo-Duenas, Karen Leong, Adriana Najmabadi, Elizabeth Harleman, Christina Rios, Judy Quan, Catalina Soria, Margaret A Handley
Background. Low-income minority women with prior gestational diabetes mellitus (pGDM) or high BMIs have increased risk for chronic illnesses postpartum. Although the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) provides an evidence-based model for reducing diabetes risk, few community-based interventions have adapted this program for pGDM women. Methods. STAR MAMA is an ongoing randomized control trial (RCT) evaluating a hybrid HIT/Health Coaching DPP-based 20-week postpartum program for diabetes prevention compared with education from written materials at baseline...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823682/influence-of-access-site-choice-for-cardiac-catheterization-on-risk-of-adverse-neurological-events-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Alex Sirker, Chun Shing Kwok, Rafail Kotronias, Rodrigo Bagur, Olivier Bertrand, Robert Butler, Colin Berry, James Nolan, Keith Oldroyd, Mamas A Mamas
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a rare but potentially catastrophic complication of cardiac catheterization. Although some procedural aspects are known to influence stroke risk, the impact of radial versus femoral access site use is unclear. Early observational studies and limited randomized trial data suggested more frequent embolic events with radial access. Subsequently, larger pooled analyses have shown no clear differences in stroke risk but were limited by low event rates. Recent publication of relevant new data prompted our reevaluation of this concern...
November 2016: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823600/radiotherapy-induced-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-dysfunction-in-patients-with-cancer
#10
Rodrigo Bagur, Mathilde Chamula, Émilie Brouillard, Caroline Lavoie, Luis Nombela-Franco, Anne-Sophie Julien, Louis Archambault, Nicolas Varfalvy, Valérie Gaudreault, Sébastien X Joncas, Zeev Israeli, Yasir Parviz, Mamas A Mamas, Shahar Lavi
Radiotherapy can affect the electronic components of a cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) resulting in malfunction and/or damage. We sought to assess the incidence, predictors, and clinical impact of CIED dysfunction (CIED-D) after radiotherapy for cancer treatment. Clinical characteristics, cancer, different types of CIEDs, and radiation dose were evaluated. The investigation identified 230 patients, mean age 78 ± 8 years and 70% were men. A total of 199 patients had pacemakers (59% dual chamber), 21 (9%) cardioverter-defibrillators, and 10 (4%) resynchronizators or defibrillators...
October 7, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812678/atrial-function-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-after-treatment-with-anthracyclines
#11
Yalin Tolga Yaylali, Ahmet Saricopur, Mustafa Yurtdas, Hande Senol, Gamze Gokoz-Dogu
Background: Atrial electromechanical delay (EMD) is used to predict atrial fibrillation, measured by echocardiography. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess atrial EMD and mechanical function after anthracycline-containing chemotherapy. Methods: Fifty-three patients with breast cancer (48 ± 8 years old) who received 240 mg/m2of Adriamycin, 2400 mg/m2 of cyclophosphamide, and 960 mg/m2 of paclitaxel were included in this retrospective study, as were 42 healthy subjects (47 ± 9 years old)...
October 27, 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812407/who-s-your-mama-riverine-hybridisation-of-threatened-freshwater-trout-cod-and-murray-cod
#12
Alan J Couch, Peter J Unmack, Fiona J Dyer, Mark Lintermans
Rates of hybridization and introgression are increasing dramatically worldwide because of translocations, restocking of organisms and habitat modifications; thus, determining whether hybridization is occuring after reintroducing extirpated congeneric species is commensurately important for conservation. Restocking programs are sometimes criticized because of the genetic consequences of hatchery-bred fish breeding with wild populations. These concerns are important to conservation restocking programs, including those from the Australian freshwater fish family, Percichthyidae...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787358/predicting-mortality-from-change-over-time-in-the-charlson-comorbidity-index-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-a-data-intensive-uk-health-system
#13
Paolo Fraccaro, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Matthew Sperrin, Niels Peek, Christian Mallen, Philip Urban, Iain E Buchan, Mamas A Mamas
Multimorbidity is common among older people and presents a major challenge to health systems worldwide. Metrics of multimorbidity are, however, crude: focusing on measuring comorbid conditions at single time-points rather than reflecting the longitudinal and additive nature of chronic conditions. In this paper, we explore longitudinal comorbidity metrics and their value in predicting mortality.Using linked primary and secondary care data, we conducted a retrospective cohort study on adults in Salford, UK from 2005 to 2014 (n = 287,459)...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775220/its-all-right-mama-investigating-the-formation-of-chimeric-sequences-in-the-its2-region-by-dna-metabarcoding-analyses-of-fungal-mock-communities-of-different-complexities
#14
Anders Bjørnsgaard Aas, Marie Louise Davey, Håvard Kauserud
The formation of chimeric sequences can create significant methodological bias in PCR-based DNA metabarcoding analyses. During mixed-template amplification of barcoding regions, chimera formation is frequent and well documented. However, profiling of fungal communities typically uses the more variable rDNA region ITS. Due to a larger research community, tools for chimera detection have been developed mainly for the 16S/18S markers. However, these tools are widely applied to the ITS region without verification of their performance...
October 24, 2016: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774044/structural-and-antioxidant-properties-of-compounds-obtained-from-fe-2-chelation-by-juglone-and-two-of-its-derivatives-dft-qtaim-and-nbo-studies
#15
Aymard Didier Tamafo Fouegue, Julius Numbonui Ghogomu, Désiré Bikélé Mama, Nyiang Kennet Nkungli, Elie Younang
The chelating ability of juglone and two of its derivatives towards Fe(2+)ion and the antioxidant activity (AOA) of the resulting chelates and complexes (in the presence of H2O and CH3OH as ligands) in gas phase is reported via bond dissociation enthalpy, ionization potential, proton dissociation enthalpy, proton affinity, and electron transfer enthalpy. The DFT/B3LYP level of theory associated with the 6-31+G(d,p) and 6-31G(d) Pople-style basis sets on the atoms of the ligands and the central Fe(II), respectively, was used...
2016: Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759819/associated-factors-with-mammographic-changes-in-women-undergoing-breast-cancer-screening
#16
Ricardo Soares de Sant'Ana, Jacó Saraiva de Castro Mattos, Anderson Soares da Silva, Luanes Marques de Mello, Altacílio Aparecido Nunes
Objective: To evaluate association of sociodemographic, anthropometric, and epidemiological factors with result of mammogram in women undergoing breast cancer screening. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with data obtained through interviews, anthropometric measurements, and mammography of 600 women aged 40 to 69 years at the Preventive Medicine Department of Hospital de Câncer de Barretos, Brazil, in 2014. The results of these examinations in the BI-RADS categories 1 and 2 were grouped and classified in this study as normal mammogram outcome, and those of BI-RADS categories 3, 4A, 4B, 4C, and 5 were grouped and classified as altered mammogram outcome...
July 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707595/5-fr-sheathless-transradial-cardiac-catheterization-using-conventional-catheters-and-balloon-assisted-tracking-a-new-approach-to-downsizing
#17
Mamas A Mamas, Sudhakar George, Karim Ratib, Chun Shing Kwok, Abdelnasir Elkhazin, Kully Sandhu, Julie Stubbs, Pamela Luxford, James Nolan
BACKGROUND: While the uptake of transradial access site is growing, there are concerns about associated radial injury. We report a feasibility study of a technique that enables both 5Fr diagnostic and PCI cases to be undertaken without an arterial sheath using conventional diagnostic and guide catheters with a modified balloon assisted tracking (BAT) technique. METHODS: We performed a prospective single center pilot study to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of sheathless radial artery access and BAT to perform coronary angiography and angioplasty using conventional 5 Fr diagnostic and guide catheters...
September 18, 2016: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703088/rheumatic-mitral-valve-disease-is-associated-with-worse-outcomes-in-stroke-a-thailand-national-database-study
#18
Adrian D Wood, Gurdeep S Mannu, Allan B Clark, Somsak Tiamkao, Kannikar Kongbunkiat, Joao H Bettencourt-Silva, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth, Narongrit Kasemsap, Raphae S Barlas, Mamas Mamas, Phyo Kyaw Myint
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Rheumatic valvular heart disease is associated with the increased risk of cerebrovascular events, although there are limited data on the prognosis of patients with rheumatic mitral valve disease (RMVD) after stroke. METHODS: We examined the association between RMVD and both serious and common cardiovascular and noncardiovascular (respiratory and infective) complications in a cohort of hospitalized stroke patients based in Thailand. Factors associated with in-hospital mortality were also explored...
November 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694659/assessing-patient-participation-in-health-policy-decision-making-in-cyprus
#19
Kyriakos Souliotis, Eirini Agapidaki, Lily Evangelia Peppou, Chara Tzavara, George Samoutis, Mamas Theodorou
Although the importance of patient participation in the design and evaluation of health programs and services is well-documented, there is scarcity of research with regard to patient association (PA) participation in health policy decision-making processes. To this end, the present study aimed to validate further a previously developed instrument as well as to investigate the degree of PA participation in health policy decision-making in Cyprus. A convenient sample of 114 patients-members of patients associations took part in the study...
June 20, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694058/monooxorhenium-v-complexes-with-222-n2s2-mama-ligands-for-bifunctional-chelator-agents-syntheses-and-preliminary-in-vivo-evaluation
#20
Dustin Wayne Demoin, Ashley N Dame, William D Minard, Fabio Gallazzi, Gary L Seickman, Tammy L Rold, Nicole Bernskoetter, Michael E Fassbender, Timothy J Hoffman, Carol A Deakyne, Silvia S Jurisson
INTRODUCTION: Targeted radiotherapy using the bifunctional chelate approach with (186/188)Re(V) is challenging because of the susceptibility of monooxorhenium(V)-based complexes to oxidize in vivo at high dilution. A monoamine-monoamide dithiol (MAMA)-based bifunctional chelating agent was evaluated with both rhenium and technetium to determine its utility for in vivo applications. METHODS: A 222-MAMA chelator, 222-MAMA(N-6-Ahx-OEt) bifunctional chelator, and 222-MAMA(N-6-Ahx-BBN(7-14)NH2) were synthesized, complexed with rhenium, radiolabeled with (99m)Tc and (186)Re (carrier added and no carrier added), and evaluated in initial biological distribution studies...
December 2016: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
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