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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628399/polymorphisms-in-lep-and-lepr-genes-in-infants-correlation-with-serum-leptin-values-in-the-first-6-months-of-life
#1
Francesco Savino, Allegra Sardo, Paola Montanari, Ilaria Galliano, Liliana Di Stasio, Massimiliano Bergallo, Leandra Silvestro
OBJECTIVE: Because several studies indicate that polymorphisms in leptin (Lep) and leptin receptor (Lepr) genes play a central role in determining obesity, we analyzed 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Lep gene (Lep G2548A and A19G) and one in the Lepr gene (Lepr A668G) to verify the effect of the 3 SNPs on leptin concentrations in infancy. METHODS: We enrolled 80 healthy Caucasian infants under 6 months of age, who were genotyped for the 3 SNPs with amplification refractory mutation system-mismatch amplification mutation assay (ARMS-MAMA) real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627254/randomized-trial-of-a-lifestyle-physical-activity-intervention-for-breast-cancer-survivors-effects-on-transtheoretical-model-variables
#2
Stacie Scruggs, Scherezade K Mama, Cindy L Carmack, Tommy Douglas, Pamela Diamond, Karen Basen-Engquist
This study examined whether a physical activity intervention affects transtheoretical model (TTM) variables that facilitate exercise adoption in breast cancer survivors. Sixty sedentary breast cancer survivors were randomized to a 6-month lifestyle physical activity intervention or standard care. TTM variables that have been shown to facilitate exercise adoption and progress through the stages of change, including self-efficacy, decisional balance, and processes of change, were measured at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months...
June 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627185/adherencia-y-tolerancia-como-claves-en-la-detenci%C3%A3-n-de-la-p%C3%A3-rdida-de-peso-en-pacientes-oncol%C3%A3-gicos-sometidos-a-radioterapia-mediante-una-estrategia-de-suplementaci%C3%A3-n-precoz-con-una-f%C3%A3-rmula-enteral-hipercal%C3%A3-rica-e-hiperproteica-espec%C3%A3-fica
#3
Jose M García Almeida, Yolanda Lupiáñez Pérez, Mercedes Blanco Naveira, Josefina Ruiz Nava, José Antonio Medina, Isabel Cornejo Pareja, Ana Gómez Pérez, María Molina Vega, José A López-Medina, Francisco Tinahones Madueño
Introducción: en pacientes con riesgo nutricional, la Sociedad Europea de Clínica y Metabolismo (ESPEN) y Parenteral recomienda suplementos nutricionales durante el tratamiento oncológico para prevenir la pérdida de peso involuntaria.Objetivos: nuestro objetivo es conocer el cumplimiento, la aceptabilidad y la tolerancia de un suplemento hiperproteico, hipercalórico, rico en omega 3 en pacientes oncológicos.Métodos: estudio unicéntrico, observacional y prospectivo en pacientes oncológicos con un suplemento nutricional hiperproteico, hipercalórico, rico en omega 3 y de bajo volumen...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591356/early-detection-of-breast-cancer-in-brazil-data-from-the-national-health-survey-2013
#4
Gulnar Azevedo E Silva, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza-Júnior, Giseli Nogueira Damacena, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald
OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether the actions of early detection of breast cancer, initiated with the medical request for mammography, differ between users of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) and those who have private health insurance. METHODS: From the data collected in the National Health Survey, we estimated the proportions of women who had medical request for mammography according to presence or absence of private health insurance. For assessing the factors related to having mammography medical request, we estimated crude and adjusted odds ratios and respective 95%CI by logistic regression...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591304/association-between-poor-clinical-prognosis-and-sleep-duration-among-breast-cancer-patients
#5
Thalyta Cristina Mansano-Schlosser, Maria Filomena Ceolim
Objective: to investigate the association between clinical progression and the quality and duration of sleep in women with breast cancer. Method: longitudinal study, with 114 participants, conducted in a hospital in Brazil. The instruments used were: questionnaire for sociodemographic and clinical characterization, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; Beck Depression Inventory and Herth Hope Scale. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics and survival analyses (outcome: poor clinical progression), using the Kaplan-Meier curve, Log-rank test and Cox proportional model...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591299/anxiety-and-coping-in-women-with-breast-cancer-in-chemotherapy
#6
Araceli Vicente da Silva, Eliana Zandonade, Maria Helena Costa Amorim
Objective: to identify the coping strategies used by women with breast cancer in chemotherapy and to verify the association with the anxiety profile presented by them. Method: cross-sectional study of the analytical type. We used a random sample of 307 women with cancer in previous chemotherapy, adjuvant or palliative treatment. The data was collected using an interview technique with form registration, active search in medical records, Scale of Mode of Confronting Problems and Inventory of Anxiety and State...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541154/assessment-of-agreement-among-diplomates-of-the-american-college-of-veterinary-anesthesia-and-analgesia-for-scoring-the-recovery-of-horses-from-anesthesia-by-use-of-subjective-grading-scales-and-development-of-a-system-for-evaluation-of-the-recovery-of-horses
#7
Stuart C Clark-Price, Kara M Lascola, Jennifer E Carter, Anderson F da Cunha, Lydia L Donaldson, Thomas J Doherty, Manuel Martin-Flores, Erik H Hofmeister, Stephanie C J Keating, Khursheed R Mama, Diane E Mason, Lysa P Posner, Hiroki Sano, Reza Seddighi, Andre C Shih, Ann B Weil, David J Schaeffer
OBJECTIVE To evaluate agreement among diplomates of the American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia for scores determined by use of a simple descriptive scale (SDS) or a composite grading scale (CGS) for quality of recovery of horses from anesthesia and to investigate use of 3-axis accelerometry (3AA) for objective evaluation of recovery. ANIMALS 12 healthy adult horses. PROCEDURES Horses were fitted with a 3AA device and then were anesthetized. Eight diplomates evaluated recovery by use of an SDS, and 7 other diplomates evaluated recovery by use of a CGS...
June 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527636/shared-decision-making-in-west-africa-the-forgotten-area
#8
Ndeye Thiab Diouf, Ali Ben Charif, Lionel Adisso, Rhéda Adekpedjou, Hervé Tchala Vignon Zomahoun, Tatiana Titilayo Agbadjé, Mama Joyce Dogba, Mirjam Marjolein Garvelink
Up to now, little attention has been paid to West Africa when it comes to shared decision making (SDM). West African countries seem to lag behind with regard to SDM initiatives compared to many other countries in the world. There is some interest in informed decision-making or informed consent, but little in a full SDM process. Few decision-making tools are available for healthcare professionals and the majority are not designed to support decision-making with patients. Furthermore, to the best of our knowledge, there are no training programs for implementing SDM in healthcare teams...
May 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500138/legacy-effect-of-coronary-perforation-complicating-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-chronic-total-occlusive-disease-an-analysis-of-26-807-cases-from-the-british-cardiovascular-intervention-society-database
#9
Tim Kinnaird, Richard Anderson, Nicholas Ossei-Gerning, James Cockburn, Alex Sirker, Peter Ludman, Mark deBelder, Simon Walsh, Elliot Smith, Colm Hanratty, James Spratt, Julian Strange, David Hildick-Smith, Mamas A Mamas
BACKGROUND: Coronary perforation (CP) during chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention for stable angina (CTO-PCI) is a rare but serious event. The evidence base is limited, and the long-term effects are unclear. Using a national PCI database, the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of CP during CTO-PCI were defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data analyzed from the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society data set on all CTO-PCI procedures performed in England and Wales between 2006 and 2013...
May 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497193/evaluation-of-new-cu-ii-complexes-as-a-novel-class-of-inhibitors-against-plant-carbonic-anhydrase-glutathione-reductase-and-photosynthetic-activity-in-photosystem-ii
#10
Margarita V Rodionova, Sergei K Zharmukhamedov, Mehmet Sayım Karacan, Kubra Begum Venedik, Alexandr V Shitov, Turgay Tunç, Serhat Mamaş, Vladimir D Kreslavski, Nurcan Karacan, Vyacheslav V Klimov, Suleyman I Allakhverdiev
Increasing inefficiency of production of important agricultural plants raises one of the biggest problems in the modern world. Herbicide application is still the best method of weed management. Traditional herbicides blocking only one of the plant metabolic pathways is ineffective due to the rapid growth of herbicide-resistant weeds. The synthesis of novel compounds effectively suppressing several metabolic processes, and therefore achieving the synergism effect would serve as the alternative approach to weed problem...
May 11, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470962/do-patients-have-worse-outcomes-in-heart-failure-than-in-cancer-a-primary-care-based-cohort-study-with-10-year-follow-up-in-scotland
#11
Mamas A Mamas, Matthew Sperrin, Margaret C Watson, Alasdair Coutts, Katie Wilde, Christopher Burton, Umesh T Kadam, Chun Shing Kwok, Allan B Clark, Peter Murchie, Iain Buchan, Philip C Hannaford, Phyo K Myint
AIMS: This study was designed to evaluate whether survival rates in patients with heart failure (HF) are better than those in patients with diagnoses of the four most common cancers in men and women, respectively, in a contemporary primary care cohort in the community in Scotland. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were obtained from the Primary Care Clinical Informatics Unit from a database of 1.75 million people registered with 393 general practices in Scotland. Sex-specific survival modelling was undertaken using Cox proportional hazards models, adjusted for potential confounders...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431770/aortic-stenosis-and-non-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Chun Shing Kwok, Rodrigo Bagur, Muhammad Rashid, Ronit Lavi, Mario Cibelli, Mark A de Belder, Neil Moat, David Hildick-Smith, Peter Ludman, Mamas A Mamas
BACKGROUND: Aortic stenosis (AS) poses a perioperative management dilemma to physicians looking after patients who require non-cardiac surgery. The objective of this review is to investigate mortality and adverse cardiovascular events in patients with and without AS who underwent non-cardiac surgery. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for studies that evaluated mortality and adverse cardiovascular events in patients with and without AS who underwent non-cardiac surgery...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421398/supradescemetic-voriconazole-injection-for-candida-parapsilosis-keratitis
#13
Nikolaos Mamas, Konstantinos Andreanos, Klio Chatzistefanou, Petros Petrou, Dimitrios Brouzas, George Kymionis, Chrysanthi Koutsandrea, Konstantinos Droutsas
PURPOSE: To describe a technique for intracorneal application of voriconazole into the supradescemetic space in a case of deep recalcitrant Candida parapsilosis keratitis of a penetrating cornea graft. METHODS: A deep intracorneal incision reaching the center of the corneal infiltrate was created with a 20-gauge MVR blade. Then, a 27-gauge hydrodissection cannula was inserted deep into the corneal pocket, and 0.1 ml of voriconazole 0.5 mg/ml was injected until a bullous detachment of Descemet membrane (DM) covered 1/3 of the graft's area...
April 18, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419134/development-of-mismatch-amplification-mutation-assays-for-the-differentiation-of-ms1-vaccine-strain-from-wild-type-mycoplasma-synoviae-and-ms-h-vaccine-strains
#14
Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Kinga Mária Sulyok, Dénes Grózner, Katinka Bekő, Ádám Dán, Zoltán Szabó, Miklós Gyuranecz
Mycoplasma synoviae is an economically significant pathogen in the poultry industry, inducing respiratory disease and infectious synovitis in chickens and turkeys, and eggshell apex abnormality in chickens. Eradication, medication and vaccination are the options for controlling M. synoviae infection. Currently there are two commercial, live, attenuated vaccines available against M. synoviae: the temperature sensitive MS-H vaccine strain and the NAD independent MS1 vaccine strain. Differentiation of vaccine strains from field isolates is essential during vaccination and eradication programs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418511/early-palliative-care-in-advanced-illness-do-right-by-mama
#15
Anand S Iyer, Marie Bakitas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411259/cerebral-embolic-protection-devices-during-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Rodrigo Bagur, Karla Solo, Saleh Alghofaili, Luis Nombela-Franco, Chun Shing Kwok, Samual Hayman, Reed A Siemieniuk, Farid Foroutan, Frederick A Spencer, Per O Vandvik, Tim G Schäufele, Mamas A Mamas
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Silent ischemic embolic lesions are common after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The use of embolic protection devices (EPD) may reduce the occurrence of these embolic lesions. Thus, a quantitative overview and credibility assessment of the literature was necessary to draw a robust message about EPD. Therefore, the aim of this meta-analysis was to study whether the use of EPD reduces silent ischemic and clinically evident cerebrovascular events associated with TAVI...
April 14, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404834/promotion-of-orange-fleshed-sweet-potato-increased-vitamin-a-intakes-and-reduced-the-odds-of-low-retinol-binding-protein-among-postpartum-kenyan-women
#17
Amy Webb Girard, Frederick Grant, Michelle Watkinson, Haile Selassie Okuku, Rose Wanjala, Donald Cole, Carol Levin, Jan Low
Background: Orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) improves vitamin A (VA) status of young children; research with pregnant and lactating women is limited.Objective: We examined the effectiveness of the Mama SASHA (Sweetpotato Action for Security and Health in Africa) program to improve nutrition knowledge, diets, and nutritional status of pregnant and lactating women (PLW) in Western Kenya.Methods: Eight health facilities were allocated to the Mama SASHA intervention or comparison arms. PLW in intervention facilities received enhanced nutrition counseling at health clinics, were linked with community-based maternal support groups, and received vouchers for OFSP vine cuttings...
May 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404622/choice-of-stent-for-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-of-saphenous-vein-grafts
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Javaid Iqbal, Chun Shing Kwok, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Mark A de Belder, Peter F Ludman, Adrian Large, Rob Butler, Amr Gamal, Tim Kinnaird, Azfar Zaman, Mamas A Mamas
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on comparison of contemporary drug-eluting stent (DES) platforms, previous generation DES, and bare-metal stents (BMS) for percutaneous coronary intervention in saphenous vein grafts (SVG). We aimed to assess clinical outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention to SVG in patients receiving bare-metal stents (BMS), first-generation DES, and newer generation DES in a large unselected national data set from the BCIS (British Cardiovascular Intervention Society)...
April 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397943/anthropometric-and-central-obesity-indices-as-predictors-of-long-term-cardiometabolic-risk-among-saudi-young-and-middle-aged-men-and-women
#19
Mahmoud M A Abulmeaty, Ali M Almajwal, Najwa K Almadani, Mona S Aldosari, Ahmed A Alnajim, Saeed B Ali, Heba M Hassan, Hany A Elkatawy
To investigate the prediction of long-term cardiometabolic risk using anthropometric and central obesity parameters.  Methods: A total of 390 Saudi subjects (men 42.8%) aged 18-50 years were enrolled in a cross-sectional study in King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between August 2014 and  January 2016. All   participants were instructed to fast for 12 hours before taking blood samples for glucose and lipid panel analyses. A full anthropometric measurement and bioelectric impedance analysis was performed...
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385401/vascular-access-site-and-outcomes-among-26-807-chronic-total-coronary-occlusion-angioplasty-cases-from-the-british-cardiovascular-interventions-society-national-database
#20
Tim Kinnaird, Richard Anderson, Nick Ossei-Gerning, Sean Gallagher, Adrian Large, Julian Strange, Peter Ludman, Mark de Belder, James Nolan, David Hildick-Smith, Mamas Mamas
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess, using a national percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) database, access-site choice and outcomes after chronic total occlusion (CTO) PCI. BACKGROUND: Given the influence of access site on outcomes, the use of radial access in CTO PCI warrants further investigation. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society dataset of 26,807 elective CTO PCI procedures performed in England and Wales between 2006 and 2013...
April 10, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
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