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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231330/the-effects-of-exogenous-hormones-on-rooting-process-and-the-activities-of-key-enzymes-of-malus-hupehensis-stem-cuttings
#1
Wangxiang Zhang, Junjun Fan, Qianqian Tan, Mingming Zhao, Ting Zhou, Fuliang Cao
Malus hupehensis is an excellent Malus rootstock species, known for its strong adverse-resistance and apomixes. In the present study, stem cuttings of M. hupehensis were treated with three types of exogenous hormones, including indole acetic acid (IAA), naphthalene acetic acid (NAA), or green growth regulator (GGR). The effects and mechanisms of exogenous hormone treatment and antioxidant enzyme activity on adventitious root formation were investigated. The results showed that the apparent morphology of the adventitious root had four stages, including root pre-emergence stage (S0), early stage of root formation (S1), massive root formation stage (S2), and later stage of root formation (S3)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230305/br%C3%A3-nsted-acid-catalyzed-oxygenative-bimolecular-friedel-crafts-type-coupling-of-ynamides
#2
Dilip V Patil, Seung Woo Kim, Quynh H Nguyen, Hanbyul Kim, Shan Wang, Tuan Hoang, Seunghoon Shin
A non-metal approach for accessing α-oxo carbene surrogates for a C-C bond-forming bimolecular coupling between ynamides and nucleophilic arenes was developed. This acid-catalyzed coupling features mild temperature, which is critical for the required temporal chemoselectivity among nucleophiles. The scope of nucleophiles includes indoles, pyrroles, anilines, phenols and silyl enolethers. Furthermore, a direct test of SN 2' mechanism has been provided by employing chiral N,N'-dioxides which also enlightens the nature of the intermediates in related metal-catalyzed processes...
February 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230294/asymmetric-total-syntheses-of-kopsia-indole-alkaloids
#3
Lingying Leng, Xiaohan Zhou, Qi Liao, Falu Wang, Hao Song, Dan Zhang, Xiao-Yu Liu, Yong Qin
The asymmetric total syntheses of a group of structurally complex Kopsia alkaloids, (-)-kopsine, (-)-isokopsine, (+)-methyl chanofruticosinate, (-)-fruticosine, and (-)-kopsanone, has been achieved. The key strategies for the construction of the molecular complexity in the targets included an asymmetric Tsuji-Trost rearrangement to set the first quaternary carbon center at C20, an intramolecular cyclopropanation by diazo decomposition to install the second and third quaternary carbon centers at C2 and C7, respectively, and a SmI2 -promoted acyloin condensation to assemble the isokopsine core...
February 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230270/a-phase-2-study-of-lenalidomide-rituximab-cyclophosphamide-and-dexamethasone-lr-cd-for-untreated-low-grade-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-requiring-therapy
#4
Allison Rosenthal, Amylou C Dueck, Stephen Ansell, Katherine Gano, Christopher Conley, Grzegorz S Nowakowski, John Camoriano, Jose F Leis, Joseph R Mikhael, A Keith Stewart, David Inwards, David Dingli, Shaji Kumar, Pierre Noel, Morie Gertz, Luis Porrata, Stephen Russell, Joseph Colgan, Rafael Fonseca, Thomas M Habermann, Prashant Kapoor, Francis Buadi, Nelson Leung, Rodger Tiedemann, Thomas E Witzig, Craig Reeder
Patients with indolent NHL have multiple treatment options yet there is no consensus as to the best initial therapy. Lenalidomide, an immunomodulatory agent, has single agent activity in relapsed lymphoma. This trial was conducted to assess feasibility, efficacy and safety of adding lenalidomide to rituximab, cyclophosphamide, and dexamethasone (LR-CD) in untreated indolent NHL patients requiring therapy. This was a single institution phase II trial. Treatment consisted of IV rituximab 375mg/m(2) day 1, oral lenalidomide 20mg days 1-21, cyclophosphamide 250mg/m(2) days 1, 8, 15, and dexamethasone 40mg days 1, 8, 15, 22, of a 28-day cycle...
February 23, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229391/kudsuphilactone-b-a-nortriterpenoid-isolated-from-schisandra-chinensis-fruit-induces-caspase-dependent-apoptosis-in-human-ovarian-cancer-a2780-cells
#5
Miran Jeong, Hye Mi Kim, Hyun Ji Kim, Jung-Hye Choi, Dae Sik Jang
A phytochemical study on the fruits of Schisandra chinensis led to the isolation and characterization of nineteen compounds. The structures of the isolates were determined to be schizandrin, deoxyschizandrin, angeloylgomisin H, gomisin A, gomisin J, (-)-gomisin L1, (-)-gomisin L2, wuweizisu C, gomisin N, meso-dihydroguaiaretic acid, kadsuphilactone B, α-ylangenol, α-ylangenyl acetate, β-chamigrenal, β-chamigrenic acid, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, protocatechuic acid, p-methylcarvacrol, and indole-3-acetic acid...
February 22, 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229176/denosumab-for-the-treatment-of-mastocytosis-related-osteoporosis-a-case-series
#6
Giovanni Orsolini, Irene Gavioli, Gaia Tripi, Ombretta Viapiana, Davide Gatti, Luca Idolazzi, Roberta Zanotti, Maurizio Rossini
The purpose of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of denosumab, an anti-RANKL monoclonal antibody for the treatment of bone loss in indolent systemic mastocytosis (ISM) patients intolerant to bisphosphonates. Four patients underwent upon informed consent a treatment with denosumab 60 mg administered subcutaneously every 6 months with the same regimen used for postmenopausal osteoporosis. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at lumbar and femoral sites at baseline and after 1 year. C-terminal telopeptide of collagen type I (CTX), bone alkaline phosphatase (bALP) and tryptase serum level were determined at baseline and after 12 months with fasting blood samples withdrawals...
February 22, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225311/prognostic-factors-for-survival-of-men1-patients-with-duodenopancreatic-tumors-metastatic-to-the-liver-results-from-the-dmsg-study-group
#7
Elfi B Conemans, Sjoerd Nell, Carolina R C Pieterman, Wouter W de Herder, Olaf M Dekkers, Ad R Hermus, Anouk N van der Horst-Schrivers, Peter H Bisschop, Bas Havekes, Madeleine L Drent, Menno R Vriens, Gerlof D Valk
Objective Duodenopancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (DP-NETs) develop in a majority of patients with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (MEN1) and are the leading cause of death. Overall survival (OS) and prognostic factors for patients with liver metastases from DP-NETs are not known. Design and Methods Cohort study using the Dutch National MEN1 database, which includes >90% of the Dutch MEN1 population between 1990-2014. OS was assessed with time to event analysis, and prognostic factors were evaluated...
February 22, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223695/the-mirnaome-of-catharanthus-roseus-identification-expression-analysis-and-potential-roles-of-micrornas-in-regulation-of-terpenoid-indole-alkaloid-biosynthesis
#8
Ethan M Shen, Sanjay K Singh, Jayadri S Ghosh, Barunava Patra, Priyanka Paul, Ling Yuan, Sitakanta Pattanaik
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate numerous crucial biological processes in plants. However, information is limited on their involvement in the biosynthesis of specialized metabolites in plants, including Catharanthus roseus that produces a number of pharmaceutically valuable, bioactive terpenoid indole alkaloids (TIAs). Using small RNA-sequencing, we identified 181 conserved and 173 novel miRNAs (cro-miRNAs) in C. roseus seedlings. Genome-wide expression analysis revealed that a set of cro-miRNAs are differentially regulated in response to methyl jasmonate (MeJA)...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223006/complete-genome-sequence-of-the-drought-resistance-promoting-endophyte-klebsiella-sp-ltgpaf-6f
#9
Lei Zhang, Jun Zhong, Hao Liu, Kaiyun Xin, Chaoqiong Chen, Qiqi Li, Yahong Wei, Yao Wang, Fei Chen, Xihui Shen
Bacterial endophytes with capacity to promote plant growth and improve plant tolerance against biotic and abiotic stresses have importance in agricultural practice and phytoremediation. A plant growth-promoting endophyte named Klebsiella sp. LTGPAF-6F, which was isolated from the roots of the desert plant Alhagi sparsifolia in north-west China, exhibits the ability to enhance the growth of wheat under drought stress. The complete genome sequence of this strain consists of one circular chromosome and two circular plasmids...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222584/ultrasonographic-imaging-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-variants
#10
Jung Hee Shin
Ultrasonography (US) is routinely used to evaluate thyroid nodules. The US features of papillary Epub ahead of print thyroid carcinoma (PTC), the most common thyroid malignancy, include hypoechogenicity, spiculated/microlobulated margins, microcalcifications, and a nonparallel orientation. However, many PTC variants have been identified, some of which differ from the classic type of PTC in terms of biological behavior and clinical outcomes. This review describes the US features and clinical implications of the variants of PTC...
January 12, 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221769/manipulation-of-the-precursor-supply-in-yeast-significantly-enhances-the-accumulation-of-prenylated-%C3%AE-carbolines
#11
Katja Backhaus, Lena Ludwig-Radtke, Xiulan Xie, Shu-Ming Li
The tryptophan derivative 1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-β-carboline-3-carboxylic acid (MTCA) is present in many plants and foods including fermentation products of the baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. MTCA is formed from tryp-tophan and acetaldehyde via a Pictet-Spengler reaction. In this study, up to 9 mg/l of MTCA were detected as a mixture of (1S,3S) and (1R,3S) isomers in a ratio of 2.2:1 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cultures. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the presence of MTCA in laboratory baker's yeast cultures...
February 21, 2017: ACS Synthetic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218860/gold-copper-co-catalyzed-tandem-reactions-of-2-alkynylanilines-a%C3%A2-synthetic-strategy-for-the-c2-quaternary-indolin-3-ones
#12
Yi-Jin Li, Na Yan, Chun-Hua Liu, Yang Yu, Yu-Long Zhao
A new strategy for direct and highly efficient synthesis of 2,3'-bisindolin-3-ones has been developed via a gold/copper-co-catalyzed tandem reactions of 2-alkynylanilines using TBHP as the terminal oxidant and oxygen-atom source. The single-step process involves a novel tandem intermolecular nucleophilic addition, intramolecular cyclization/oxidative cross-dehydrogenative coupling where up to four new bonds and two indole rings were created simultaneously in one-pot manner. The reaction features a broad substrate scope, good functional group tolerance, and high atom-economy...
February 20, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218522/one-pot-cascade-synthesis-of-substituted-carbazoles-from-indoles-ketones-and-alkenes-using-oxygen-as-the-oxidant
#13
Shanping Chen, Yuxia Li, Penghui Ni, Baichuan Yang, Huawen Huang, Guo-Jun Deng
An efficient one-pot two-step indole-to-carbazole strategy has been developed. This transition metal-free methodology uses oxygen as the sole oxidant and starts from cheap and readily available indoles, ketones and alkenes. The present protocol efficiently enables the assembly of a diverse array of substituted carbazole products with good regioselectivity and broad tolerance of functional groups.
February 20, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218521/monoterpenoid-indole-alkaloids-from-kopsia-officinalis-and-the-immunosuppressive-activity-of-rhazinilam
#14
Ting Zeng, Xiu-Yin Wu, Shu-Xia Yang, Wei-Chun Lai, Shun-Dong Shi, Qiang Zou, Yang Liu, Li-Mei Li
Six new monoterpenoid indole alkaloids, kopsinidines C-E (1-3), 11,12-methylenedioxychanofruticosinic acid (4), 12-methoxychanofruticosinic acid (5), and N(4)-methylkopsininate (7), as well as chanofruticosinic acid (6, as a natural product) and 23 known alkaloids, were obtained from the twigs and leaves of Kopsia officinalis. Their structures were characterized by physical data analysis. All isolated compounds were evaluated for their immunosuppressive activity on human T cell proliferation. Rhazinilam (29) significantly inhibited human T cell proliferation activated by anti-CD3/anti-CD28 antibodies (IC50 = 1...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217992/synthetic-study-of-dragmacidin-e-construction-of-the-core-structure-using-pd-catalyzed-cascade-cyclization-and-rh-catalyzed-aminoacetoxylation
#15
Naoya Inoue, Shun-Ichi Nakano, Shingo Harada, Yasumasa Hamada, Tetsuhiro Nemoto
We developed a novel synthetic method of the core structure of dragmacidin E bearing a 7-membered ring-fused bis(indolyl)pyrazinone skeleton. Formation of the 7-membered ring-fused tricyclic indole skeleton was accomplished using a palladium-catalyzed Heck insertion-allylic amination cascade. Vicinal difunctionalization of the 7-membered ring was realized via a rhodium-catalyzed aminoacetoxylation.
February 20, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217335/crystal-structure-of-3e-5-nitro-3-2-phenyl-hydrazinyl-idene-1h-indol-2-3h-one
#16
Jecika Maciel Velasques, Vanessa Carratu Gervini, Adaílton João Bortoluzzi, Renan Lira de Farias, Adriano Bof de Oliveira
The reaction between 5-nitro-isatin and phenyl-hydrazine in acidic ethanol yields the title compound, C14H10N4O3, whose mol-ecular structure deviates slightly from a planar geometry (r.m.s. deviation = 0.065 Å for the mean plane through all non-H atoms). An intra-molecular N-H⋯O hydrogen bond is present, forming a ring of graph-set motif S(6). In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked by N-H⋯O and C-H⋯O hydrogen-bonding inter-actions into a two-dimensional network along (120), and rings of graph-set motif R2(2)(8), R2(2)(26) and R4(4)(32) are observed...
February 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216401/discovery-and-characterization-of-novel-indole-and-7-azaindole-derivatives-as-inhibitors-of-%C3%AE-amyloid-42-aggregation-for-the-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Nampally Sreenivasachary, Heiko Kroth, Pascal Benderitter, Anne Hamel, Yvan Varisco, David T Hickman, Wolfgang Froestl, Andrea Pfeifer, Andreas Muhs
The aggregation of amyloid-β peptides into cytotoxic oligomeric and fibrillary aggregates is believed to be one of the major pathological events in Alzheimer disease. Here we report the design and synthesis of a novel series of indole and 7-azaindole derivatives containing, nitrile, piperidine and N-methyl-piperidine substituents at the 3-position to prevent the pathological self-assembly of amyloid-β. We have further demonstrated that substitution of the azaindole and indole derivatives at the 3 positions is required to obtain compounds with improved physicochemical properties to allow brain penetration...
February 4, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216328/outcomes-of-prostate-cancer-screening-by-5-alpha-reductase-inhibitor-usage
#18
Teemu J Murtola, Anniina Virkku, Kirsi Talala, Ulf-Håkan Stenman, Kimmo Taari, Teuvo Lj Tammela, Anssi Auvinen
PURPOSE: Prostate cancer (PCa) screening with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) reduces PCa mortality, but leads to overdiagnosis of indolent PCa. Use of 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs) lowers PSA and in theory could affect performance of PSA-based screening. We evaluated outcomes of PCa screening among 5-ARI users. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed within the Finnish Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer. Of 80,454 men, 31,866 were randomized to be screened at four-year intervals during 1996-2004...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215783/synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-potential-inhibitors-of-the-cysteine-proteases-cruzain-and-rhodesain-designed-by-molecular-simplification
#19
Saulo Fehelberg Pinto Braga, Luan Carvalho Martins, Elany Barbosa da Silva, Policarpo Ademar Sales Júnior, Silvane Maria Fonseca Murta, Alvaro José Romanha, Wai Tuck Soh, Hans Brandstetter, Rafaela Salgado Ferreira, Renata Barbosa de Oliveira
Analogues of 8-chloro-N-(3-morpholinopropyl)-5H-pyrimido[5,4-b]indol-4-amine 1, a known cruzain inhibitor, were synthesized using a molecular simplification strategy. Five series of analogues were obtained: indole, pyrimidine, quinoline, aniline and pyrrole derivatives. The activity of the compounds was evaluated against the enzymes cruzain and rhodesain as well as against Trypanosoma cruzi amastigote and trypomastigote forms. The 4-aminoquinoline derivatives showed promising activity against both enzymes, with IC50 values ranging from 15 to 125µM...
February 9, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214755/identification-of-a-new-tert-leucinate-class-synthetic-cannabinoid-in-powder-and-spice-like-herbal-incenses-methyl-2-1-5-fluoropentyl-indole-3-carbonyl-amino-3-3-dimethyl-butanoate-5f-mdmb-pica
#20
Martijn D P Risseeuw, Peter Blanckaert, Vera Coopman, Stijn Van Quekelberghe, Serge Van Calenbergh, Jan Cordonnier
A brown powder and different product packages of "spice-like" herbal incenses were analyzed using a systematic identification approach based on liquid chromatography with diode array detector (HPLC-PDA) and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) with computer based library search against spectral libraries. However, the most predominant compound in the methanolic sample solutions could not be identified. In order to elucidate the chemical structure, a more extensive analysis of the material was initiated using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS), electrospray high resolution mass spectrometry (ESI-HRMS) and (1)H, (13)C and (19)F nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), which allowed the identification and characterization of the major compound as methyl 2-[[1-(5-fluoropentyl)indole-3-carbonyl]amino]-3,3-dimethyl-butanoate (5F-MDMB-PICA)...
February 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
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