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Seung Jae Lee, Eun-Mi Jeong, Ah Young Ki, Kyung-Seo Oh, Joseph Kwon, Jae-Hyuk Jeong, Nam-Jin Chung
High salinity is a major abiotic stress that affects the growth and development of plants. This type of stress can influence flowering, the production of crops, defense mechanisms and other physiological processes. Previous studies have attempted to elucidate salt-tolerance mechanisms to improve plant growth and productivity in the presence of sodium chloride. One such plant that has been studied in detail is Salicornia, a well-known halophyte, which has adapted to grow in the presence of high salt. To further the understanding of how Salicornia grows and develops under high saline conditions, Salicornia herbacea (S...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
Akiko Asada, Takahiro Doi, Takaomi Tagami, Akihiro Takeda, Yoshiyuki Sawabe
N-(1-adamantyl)-1-pentyl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (APINACA) and N-(1-adamantyl)-1-pentyl-1H-indole-3-carboxamide (APICA) are carboxamide-type synthetic cannabinoids comprising indazole/indole-3-carboxylic acid and adamantan-1-amine moieties. However, in the case of compounds like APINACA or APICA, adamantyl positional isomers exist, wherein either adamantan-1-amine or adamantan-2-amine is present. These adamantyl positional isomers have not been reported in previous studies, and no analytical data are available yet...
October 21, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
Cuijuan Yu, Hai Wang, Aaron Muscarella, Amit Goldstein, Huan-Chang Zeng, Yangjin Bae, Brendan H I Lee, Xiang H-F Zhang
Intra-iliac artery (IIA) injection is an efficient approach to introduce metastatic lesions of various cancer cells in animals. Compared to the widely used intra-cardiac and intra-tibial injections, IIA injection brings several advantages. First, it can deliver a large quantity of cancer cells specifically to hind limb bones, thereby providing spatiotemporally synchronized early-stage colonization events and allowing robust quantification and swift detection of disseminated tumor cells. Second, it injects cancer cells into the circulation without damaging the local tissues, thereby avoiding inflammatory and wound-healing processes that confound the bone colonization process...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Atsushi Umehara, Hirofumi Ueda, Hidetoshi Tokuyama
A novel condensation reaction of carboxylic acids with various non-nucleophilic N-heterocycles and anilides was developed. The reaction proceeds in the presence of di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (Boc2O), catalytic 4-(dimethylamino)pyridine (DMAP), and 2,6-lutidine and is applicable to the acylation of a wide range of non-nucleophilic nitrogen compounds, including indoles, pyrroles, pyrazole, carbazole, lactams, oxazolidinones, and anilides with high functional group compatibility. The scope of indoles, carboxylic acids, and anilides was also studied...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Rita Meleddu, Simona Distinto, Angela Corona, Enzo Tramontano, Giulia Bianco, Claudia Melis, Filippo Cottiglia, Elias Maccioni
A series of 3-3-{2-[2-3-methyl-4-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1,3-thiazol-2-ylidene]hydrazin-1-ylidene-2,3-dihydro-1H-indol-2-one derivatives has been designed and synthesized to study their activity on both HIV-1 (Human Immunodeficiency Virus type 1) RT (Reverse Transcriptase) associated functions. These derivatives are analogs of previously reported series whose biological activity and mode of action have been investigated. In this work we investigated the influence of the introduction of a methyl group in the position 3 of the dihydrothiazole ring and of a chlorine atom in the position 5 of the isatin nucleus...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
Chantal Cossette, Shishir Chourey, Qiuji Ye, Chintam Nagendra Reddy, Vivek Gore, Sylvie Gravel, Irina Slobodchikova, Dajana Vuckovic, Joshua Rokach, William S Powell
The potent eosinophil chemoattractant 5-oxo-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-oxo-ETE) is a 5-lipoxygenase product that acts via the selective OXE receptor, which is present in many species, but not rodents. We previously reported that the indole 230 is a potent human OXE receptor antagonist. The objective of the present study was to determine whether the monkey would be a suitable animal model to investigate its pharmaceutical potential. We found that monkey leukocytes synthesize and respond to 5-oxo-ETE, and that 230 is a potent antagonist of the OXE receptor in monkey eosinophils...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Chao Cheng, Wen-Wen Chen, Bin Xu, Ming-Hua Xu
A base-free process to access indole-fused polyheterocycles via a highly efficient and atom-economic palladium-catalyzed intramolecular cross dehydrogenetive coupling (CDC) reaction of 4-aniline substituted coumarins, quinolinones and pyrones has been developed. A wide range of indolo[3,2-c]coumarins, indolo[3,2-c]quinolinones and indolo[3,2-c]pyrones can be facilely afforded in good to excellent yields (up to 99%).
October 21, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Song-Lin Zhang, Ze-Long Yu
Divergent synthesis of indoles, oxindoles, isocoumarins and isoquinolinones is described in this report by using a general Pd-catalyzed tandem reaction of β-hydroxy carbonyl compounds with aryl halides bearing an ortho-nitro, -ester or -cyano substituent. A key retro-aldol/α-arylation reaction is involved that merges classic Pd cross-coupling chemistry with novel Pd-promoted retro-aldol C-C activation to produce α-arylated ketones or esters. Subsequent intramolecular condensation of the carbonyl with the ortho-synthon gives target heterocycles...
October 21, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Isaac Choi, Hyunho Chung, Jang Won Park, Young Keun Chung
A cobalt-rhodium heterobimetallic nanoparticle-catalyzed reductive cyclization of 2-(2-nitroaryl)acetonitriles to indoles has been achieved. The tandem reaction proceeds without any additives under the mild conditions (1 atm H2 and 25 °C). This procedure could be scaled up to the gram scale. The catalytic system is significantly stable under these reaction conditions and could be reused more than ten times without loss of catalytic activity.
October 20, 2016: Organic Letters
Animesh Pardanani
: Disease overview:Systemic mastocytosis (SM) results from a clonal proliferation of abnormal mast cells (MC) in one or more extra-cutaneous organs. DIAGNOSIS: The major criterion is presence of multifocal clusters of morphologically abnormal MC in the bone marrow. Minor diagnostic criteria include elevated serum tryptase level, abnormal MC expression of CD25 and/or CD2, and presence of KITD816V. Risk stratification: The 2008 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of SM has been shown to be prognostically relevant...
November 2016: American Journal of Hematology
Ariel Lewis-Ballester, Farhad Forouhar, Sung-Mi Kim, Scott Lew, YongQiang Wang, Shay Karkashon, Jayaraman Seetharaman, Dipanwita Batabyal, Bing-Yu Chiang, Munif Hussain, Maria Almira Correia, Syun-Ru Yeh, Liang Tong
Tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (TDO) and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) play a central role in tryptophan metabolism and are involved in many cellular and disease processes. Here we report the crystal structure of human TDO (hTDO) in a ternary complex with the substrates L-Trp and O2 and in a binary complex with the product N-formylkynurenine (NFK), defining for the first time the binding modes of both substrates and the product of this enzyme. The structure indicates that the dioxygenation reaction is initiated by a direct attack of O2 on the C2 atom of the L-Trp indole ring...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Caiyun He, Guori Gao, Jianguo Zhang, Aiguo Duan, Hongmei Luo
BACKGROUND: Low temperature is one of the crucial environmental factors limiting the productivity and distribution of plants. Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.), a well recognized multipurpose plant species, live successfully in in cold desert regions. But their molecular mechanisms underlying cold tolerance are not well understood. METHODS: Physiological and biochemical responses to low-temperature stress were studied in seedlings of sea buckthorn. Differentially expressed protein spots were analyzed using multiplexing fluorescent two-dimensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) coupled with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) time-of-flight/time-of-flight (TOF/TOF) mass spectrometry (MS), the concentration of phytohormone was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and a spectrophotometric assay was used to measure enzymatic reactions...
2016: Proteome Science
Asmaa I Owis, Nada S Abdelwahab, Adel A Abul-Soad
BACKGROUND: Calligonum polygonoides L. subsp. comosum (L'Hér.) Sosk. is a plant species belonging to family Polygonaceae. Susceptibility to threaten, presence of various chemical constituents, and many medicinal effects reported for this plant in addition to rareness of in vitro culture studies have fuelled the need for its micropropagation and phytochemical investigations of the produced cultures. OBJECTIVES: To employ in vitro culture technique for ex situ conservation of C...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Jaafar Juju Nakasha, Uma Rani Sinniah, Nurashikin Kemat, Kumara Swamy Mallappa
BACKGROUND: Chlorophytum borivilianum is an industrially valued medicinal crop. Propagation through seeds is not feasible because of low germination percentage and long dormancy period. Therefore, callus culture and plant regeneration can be an alternative to improve this crop production. Also, callus can serve as an alternative source of bioactive compounds. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of different phytohormones on callus induction, subculture cycle, and regeneration studies of callus in C...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Giang Huong Nguyen, James Y Wang, Kenneth B Hymes, Cynthia M Magro
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is a rare and often aggressive lymphoid malignancy known to be associated with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1. There are 2 broad categories: acute and chronic. In the acute category, there is a leukemic and a lymphomatous variant, whereas in the designated "chronic" form, there is mild peripheral blood lymphocytosis. The intermediate "smoldering" category is without peripheral blood lymphocytosis with only discernible skin involvement. We present a 68-year-old human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 seropositive female with a mild peripheral blood atypical lymphocytosis who had indurated nodules on her hands of 2 years duration and a new scaly ichthyosiform eruption on her lower extremities...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Mark Haden, John R H Archer, Paul I Dargan, David M Wood
BACKGROUND: MDMB-CHMICA (methyl 2-[[1-(cyclohexylmethyl)indole-3-carbonyl]amino]-3,3-dimethylbutanoate) is a synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonist that has been detected in several recreational drug products in Europe since August 2014. OBJECTIVES: This article aims to describe the prevalence of use, availability, and desired and adverse effects of MDMB-CHMICA. METHODS: Data were collated from published scientific literature, and systematic searches were conducted of publically available Internet sources (the "gray literature"), including websites offering to sell MDMB-CHMICA and Internet discussion forums featuring user reports...
October 19, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Choy-Eng Nge, Kae-Shin Sim, Siew-Huah Lim, Noel F Thomas, Yun-Yee Low, Toh-Seok Kam
Examination of the EtOH extract of the Malayan Tabernaemontana corymbosa resulted in the isolation of three new alkaloids, viz., cononuridine (1), an unusual hexacyclic, iboga-derived, monoterpenoid indole characterized by contraction of the tetrahydroazepine C-ring and incorporation of an additional isoxazolidine ring, taberisidine (2), a seco-corynanthean alkaloid, and conofolidine (3), an Aspidosperma-Aspidosperma bisindole that showed pronounced in vitro growth inhibitory activity against an array of human cancer cell lines, including KB, vincristine-resistant KB, PC-3, LNCaP, MCF7, MDA-MB-231, HT-29, and HCT 116 cells...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
Athreya Tata, Or Cohen-Inbar, Jason P Sheehan
Solitary fibrous tumours (SFTs) are relatively rare tumours that were originally thought to arise from the pleura but have thereafter been demonstrated as occurring anywhere in the body. These tumours are generally considered benign but have frequently been noted for recurrence and local invasion. Furthermore, their indolence is controversial due to increasing evidence implicating the existence of a spectrum that includes hemangiopericytoma (HPC). Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has been well characterised in the treatment of benign, malignant and vascular conditions, and it appears to be a reasonable option as adjuvant or recurrent treatment for intracranial SFTs...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Abhijit Mal, Masthanvali Sayyad, Imtiyaz Ahmad Wani, Manas K Ghorai
A highly enantioselective synthetic route to hexahydropyrrolo[2,3-b]indoles via Lewis acid-catalyzed SN2-type ring opening of activated aziridines with indoles having substitutions at 3- and other positions followed by cyclization in a domino fashion has been developed. Hexahydropyrrolo[2,3-b]indoles have been detosylated in the same pot to afford the corresponding products with free NH group in excellent yields (up to 95%) and enantioselectivity (up to >99%).
October 19, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Brian Weselowski, Naeem Nathoo, Alexander William Eastman, Jacqueline MacDonald, Ze-Chun Yuan
BACKGROUND: Paenibacillus polymyxa is a plant-growth promoting rhizobacterium that could be exploited as an environmentally friendlier alternative to chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Various strains have been isolated that can benefit agriculture through antimicrobial activity, nitrogen fixation, phosphate solubilization, plant hormone production, or lignocellulose degradation. However, no single strain has yet been identified in which all of these advantageous traits have been confirmed...
October 18, 2016: BMC Microbiology
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