Read by QxMD icon Read


Norio Akuta, Joji Toyota, Yoshiyasu Karino, Fusao Ikeda, Akio Ido, Katsuaki Tanaka, Koichi Takaguchi, Atsushi Naganuma, Eiichi Tomita, Kazuaki Chayama, Shigetoshi Fujiyama, Yukiko Inada, Hitoshi Yoshiji, Hideaki Watanabe, Hiroki Ishikawa, Fiona McPhee, Stephanie Noviello, Hiromitsu Kumada
BACKGROUND: In the UNITY-3 study, 96% sustained virologic response (SVR12) rate was observed in Japanese patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype (GT)-1 infection treated for 12 weeks with fixed-dose daclatasvir, asunaprevir, and beclabuvir (DCV-TRIO). As HCV clearance may improve liver outcomes, we assessed hepatic fibrosis and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), a hepatocellular carcinoma risk marker, pre- and post-treatment in UNITY-3. METHODS: Treatment-naive or interferon-experienced UNITY-3 patients with HCV GT-1 who received twice-daily DCV-TRIO were assessed for fibrosis [FibroTest; FibroScan; fibrosis-4 index (FIB-4), aspartate-aminotransferase-to-platelet-ratio index] and AFP at baseline and Weeks 4 (FIB-4 only), 12 or 24 post-treatment...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology
Kazuhiro Toyota, Yoshiaki Murakami, Naru Kondo, Kenichiro Uemura, Naoya Nakagawa, Shinya Takahashi, Taijiro Sueda
BACKGROUND: Hu-antigen R (HuR) is an RNA-binding protein that regulates the stability, translation, and nucleus-to-cytoplasm translocation of messenger RNAs (mRNAs). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of HuR in cholangiocarcinoma patients who received adjuvant gemcitabine-based chemotherapy (AGC) after surgical resection. METHODS: Nuclear and cytoplasmic HuR expression was investigated immunohistochemically in 131 patients with resected cholangiocarcinoma, including 91 patients administered AGC and 40 patients who did not receive adjuvant chemotherapy...
February 28, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Kingo Takiguchi, Masahito Hayashi, Yuki Kazayama, Taro Toyota, Yoshie Harada, Masayoshi Nishiyama
For the development of artificial cell-like machinery, liposomes encapsulating cytoskeletons have drawn much recent attention. However, there has been no report showing isothermally reversible morphological changes of liposomes containing cytoskeletons. We succeeded in reversibly changing the shape of cell-sized giant vesicles by controlling the polymerization/depolymerization state of cytoskeletal microtubules that were encapsulated in the vesicles using pressure changes. The result indicates that it is possible to manipulate artificial cell models composed of molecules such as lipids and proteins...
2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Hiroyuki Umegaki, Taeko Makino, Kazuki Uemura, Hiroyuki Shimada, Xian W Cheng, Masafumi Kuzuya
AIM: Physical activity (PA) and cognition have reportedly been associated with each other. However, it remains to be elucidated what intensities of PA are most strongly associated with cognition. In the current study, we aimed to determine the association between the intensities of objectively measured PA and cognitive function. METHODS: The present study was a cross-sectional analysis of the data obtained at registration in a randomized control trial in Toyota, Japan...
February 28, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Masaharu Yoshida, Naritatsu Saito, Masao Imai, Akira Tsujimura, Kazuhisa Sakamoto, Toshiaki Toyota, Taro Nakatsu, Hirotoshi Watanabe, Tomohiko Taniguchi, Hidenori Yaku, Junichi Tazaki, Hiroki Shiomi, Toshiyuki Mizota, Takao Kato, Kazuhiro Yamazaki, Takeshi Kimura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Yukiko Tomioka, Shusuke Numata, Makoto Kinoshita, Hidehiro Umehara, Shin-Ya Watanabe, Masahito Nakataki, Yoshimi Iwayama, Tomoko Toyota, Masashi Ikeda, Hidenaga Yamamori, Shinji Shimodera, Atsushi Tajima, Ryota Hashimoto, Nakao Iwata, Takeo Yoshikawa, Tetsuro Ohmori
BACKGROUND: Alterations in one-carbon metabolism have been associated with schizophrenia, and vitamin B6 is one of the key components in this pathway. METHODS: We first conducted a case-control study of serum pyridoxal levels and schizophrenia in a large Japanese cohort (n = 1276). Subsequently, we conducted a meta-analysis of association studies (n = 2125). Second, we investigated whether rs4654748, which was identified in a genome-wide association study as a vitamin B6-related single nucleotide polymorphism, was genetically implicated in patients with schizophrenia in the Japanese population (n = 10 689)...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
Satoshi Tetsumoto, Kaoru Okada, Hideki Nagata, Shigenori Toyota, Satoshi Tanaka, Toshie Niki, Naotoshi Tsuruta, Naozumi Higaki, Takashi Niju, Yoshio Oka, Riichiro Nezu, Toshiyuki Ikeda
The patient was a 54-year-old woman with anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive stage III B lung cancer. She received 4 courses of carboplatin(CBDCA)plus paclitaxel(PTX)plus bevacizumab(Bev)chemotherapy and crizotinib. Chemotherapy reduced the size of the primary site and mediastinal lymphadenopathy; however, the right supraclavicular and subcarinal lymph nodes were enlarged again during crizotinib treatment. Because it was an oligo-recurrence, we performed radiotherapy for these lymph nodes and changed systemic chemotherapy to alectinib...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Alain Antierens, Dimitri Beeckman, Sofie Verhaeghe, Dries Myny, Ann Van Hecke
AIMS: Identify which of Toyota's principles are reported in health care institutions at the organisational level and to identify the type of reported outcomes related to the effectiveness of lean production reported in these studies. BACKGROUND: No scientific research has been conducted to determine which of Toyota's principles are embedded in health care systems. This knowledge is needed to perform targeted adjustments in health care. EVALUATION: Sixty studies were identified for the final analysis...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
Atsushi Takata, Noriko Miyake, Yoshinori Tsurusaki, Ryoko Fukai, Satoko Miyatake, Eriko Koshimizu, Itaru Kushima, Takashi Okada, Mako Morikawa, Yota Uno, Kanako Ishizuka, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Masatsugu Tsujii, Takeo Yoshikawa, Tomoko Toyota, Nobuhiko Okamoto, Yoko Hiraki, Ryota Hashimoto, Yuka Yasuda, Shinji Saitoh, Kei Ohashi, Yasunari Sakai, Shouichi Ohga, Toshiro Hara, Mitsuhiro Kato, Kazuyuki Nakamura, Aiko Ito, Chizuru Seiwa, Emi Shirahata, Hitoshi Osaka, Ayumi Matsumoto, Saoko Takeshita, Jun Tohyama, Tomoko Saikusa, Toyojiro Matsuishi, Takumi Nakamura, Takashi Tsuboi, Tadafumi Kato, Toshifumi Suzuki, Hirotomo Saitsu, Mitsuko Nakashima, Takeshi Mizuguchi, Fumiaki Tanaka, Norio Mori, Norio Ozaki, Naomichi Matsumoto
Recent studies have established important roles of de novo mutations (DNMs) in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Here, we analyze DNMs in 262 ASD probands of Japanese origin and confirm the "de novo paradigm" of ASDs across ethnicities. Based on this consistency, we combine the lists of damaging DNMs in our and published ASD cohorts (total number of trios, 4,244) and perform integrative bioinformatics analyses. Besides replicating the findings of previous studies, our analyses highlight ATP-binding genes and fetal cerebellar/striatal circuits...
January 16, 2018: Cell Reports
Izumi Morita, Hiroyuki Oyama, Yui Kanda, Mayumi Yasuo, Aya Ito, Masahiro Toyota, Yoshinori Hayashi, Takeshi Yokoyama, Norihiro Kobayashi
Ketamine (KT) is a chiral anesthetic agent, (R)- and (S)-enantiomers of which differ in their pharmacological properties. KT has become one of the most commonly used illicit drugs in the world, thus, rapid and feasible on-site testing is required to crack down on the illicit use. Although immunochemical approach with specific antibodies is promising for this purpose, in practice anti-KT antibodies are difficult to obtain. We here disclose generation of monoclonal antibodies against KT. Mice were immunized with either (a) commercially-available or (b) in-house-prepared KT-albumin conjugates...
2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Arata Hibi, Takahisa Kasugai, Keisuke Kamiya, Keisuke Kamiya, Satoru Kominato, Chiharu Ito, Toshiyuki Miura, Katsushi Koyama
BACKGROUND Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) occurs in the spinal epidural space in the absence of traumatic or iatrogenic causes, and is considered to be a neurological emergency, as spinal cord compression may lead to neurological deficit. Prompt diagnosis of SSEH can be difficult due to the variety of presenting symptoms, which may resemble those of stroke. Patients who undergo hemodialysis (HD) are at risk of bleeding due to anticoagulation during dialysis and uremia. However, SSEH in HD patients undergoing HD has rarely been reported...
December 20, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
Yuichiro Ochiai, Atushi Baba, Mio Hiramatsu, Naoto Toyota, Toshihiko Watanabe, Kazuto Yamashita, Hiroshi Yokota, Hidetomo Iwano
Currently, given the concerns regarding animal welfare, it is required that anesthesia or analgesia be used during surgery in experimental animals. Therefore, it is important to understand how anesthesia affects the health conditions of experimental animals. In this study, rat blood biochemistry and hematological changes were examined following administration of a mixture of three anesthetic agents-medetomidine, midazolam, and butorphanol (MMB). One of three MMB dose combinations was subcutaneously administered to rats...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Hiroaki Nagano, Masayuki Nakajo, Yoshihiko Fukukura, Yoriko Kajiya, Atsushi Tani, Sadao Tanaka, Mari Toyota, Toru Niihara, Masaki Kitazono, Toyokuni Suenaga, Takashi Yoshiura
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic hamartomas are extremely rare and may be misdiagnosed as malignant tumors. We report herein a case of a small, solid-type pancreatic hamartoma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 72-year-old female was incidentally detected pancreatic lesion by ultrasonography. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 2.0-cm solid lesion. The main pancreatic duct (MPD) was obstructed by the lesion in the head of the pancreas, and the upstream MPD was dilated...
December 6, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
Toshiaki Toyota, Takeshi Morimoto, Hiroki Shiomi, Kyohei Yamaji, Kenji Ando, Koh Ono, Satoshi Shizuta, Naritatsu Saito, Takao Kato, Shuichiro Kaji, Yutaka Furukawa, Yoshihisa Nakagawa, Kazushige Kadota, Minoru Horie, Takeshi Kimura
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the effect of single-session multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategy relative to the staged multivessel strategy on clinical outcomes in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) or non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: In the Coronary REvascularisation Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto PCI/coronary artery bypass grafting registry cohort-2, there were 2018 patients who underwent elective multivessel PCI...
November 16, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Ayako Nakashoji, Tetsu Hayashida, Takamichi Yokoe, Hinako Maeda, Tomoka Toyota, Masayuki Kikuchi, Rurina Watanuki, Aiko Nagayama, Tomoko Seki, Maiko Takahashi, Takayuki Abe, Yuko Kitagawa
BACKGROUND: We previously described a systematic assessment of the neoadjuvant therapies for human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) positive breast cancer, using network meta-analysis. Accumulation of new clinical data has compelled us to update the analysis. METHODS: Randomized trials comparing different anti-HER2 regimens in the neoadjuvant setting were included, and odds ratio for pathologic complete response (pCR) in seven treatment arms were assessed by pooling effect sizes...
January 2018: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Koichiro Abe, Naohiro Nakamura, Akari Isono, Hikaru Toyota, Hidenori Arai, Koji Saito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Miho Yoshikawa, Ming Zhang, Futoshi Kurisu, Koki Toyota
Most bioremediation studies on volatile organic compounds (VOCs) have focused on a single contaminant or its derived compounds and degraders have been identified under single contaminant conditions. Bioremediation of multiple contaminants remains a challenging issue. To identify a bacterial consortium that degrades multiple VOCs (dichloromethane (DCM), benzene, and toluene), we applied DNA-stable isotope probing. For individual tests, we combined a (13)C-labeled VOC with other two unlabeled VOCs, and prepared three unlabeled VOCs as a reference...
2017: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
Kenji Sugisaki, Kazuo Toyota, Kazunobu Sato, Daisuke Shiomi, Takeji Takui
Spin-orbit contributions to the zero-field splitting (ZFS) tensor (D(SO) tensor) of M(III)(acac)3 complexes (M = V, Cr, Mn, Fe and Mo; acac = acetylacetonate anion) are evaluated by means of ab initio (a hybrid CASSCF/MRMP2) and DFT (Pederson-Khanna (PK) and natural orbital-based Pederson-Khanna (NOB-PK)) methods, focusing on the behaviour of DFT-based approaches to the D(SO) tensors against the valence d-electron configurations of the transition metal ions in octahedral coordination. Both the DFT-based approaches reproduce trends in the D tensors...
November 3, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Kathleen D Klinich, Miriam A Manary, Laura A Malik, Carol A Flannagan, Jessica S Jermakian
OBJECTIVE: Investigate vehicle factors associated with child restraint tether use and misuse in pickup trucks and evaluate four labeling interventions designed to educate consumers on proper tether use. METHODS: Volunteer testing was performed with 24 subjects and four different pickup trucks. Each subject performed eight child restraint installations among the four pickups using two forward-facing restraints: a Britax Marathon G4.1 and an Evenflo Triumph. Vehicles were selected to represent four different implementations of tether anchors among pickups: plastic loop routers (Chevrolet Silverado), webbing routers (Ram), back wall anchors (Nissan Frontier), and webbing routers plus metal anchors (Toyota Tundra)...
October 30, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
Sabine Hombach-Klonisch, Maryam Mehrpour, Shahla Shojaei, Craig Harlos, Marshall Pitz, Ahmed Hamai, Krzysztof Siemianowicz, Wirginia Likus, Emilia Wiechec, Brian D Toyota, Reyhane Hoshyar, Amir Seyfoori, Zahra Sepehri, Sudharsana R Ande, Forough Khadem, Mohsen Akbari, Adrienne M Gorman, Afshin Samali, Thomas Klonisch, Saeid Ghavami
Despite advances in neurosurgical techniques and radio-/chemotherapy, the treatment of brain tumors remains a challenge. This is particularly true for the most frequent and fatal adult brain tumor, glioblastoma (GB). Upon diagnosis, the average survival time of GB patients remains only approximately 15months. The alkylating drug temozolomide (TMZ) is routinely used in brain tumor patients and induces apoptosis, autophagy and unfolded protein response (UPR). Here, we review these cellular mechanisms and their contributions to TMZ chemoresistance in brain tumors, with a particular emphasis on TMZ chemoresistance in glioma stem cells and GB...
November 8, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"