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Toshiaki Toyota, Hiroki Shiomi, Takeshi Morimoto, Masahiro Natsuaki, Takeshi Kimura
AIMS: The Dual Antiplatelet Therapy (DAPT) study demonstrated that DAPT beyond 1-year after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation, as compared with aspirin therapy alone, significantly reduced the risk of major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, which was mainly driven by the large risk reduction for myocardial infarction (MI). We sought to compare the largest DAPT study with other trials evaluating DAPT durations after DES implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: By a systematic literature search, we identified 9 trials comparing prolonged- versus short-DAPT in addition to the DAPT study...
2017: PloS One
Miho Yoshikawa, Ming Zhang, Koki Toyota
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are major pollutants that are found in contaminated sites, particularly in developed countries such as Japan. Various microorganisms that degrade individual VOCs have been reported, and genomic information related to their phylogenetic classification and VOC-degrading enzymes is available. However, the biodegradation of multiple VOCs remains a challenging issue. Practical sites, such as chemical factories, research facilities, and illegal dumping sites, are often contaminated with multiple VOCs...
September 12, 2017: Microbes and Environments
Satoshi Honda, Taro Toyota
Liquefaction and solidification of materials are the most fundamental changes observed during thermal phase transitions, yet the design of organic and polymeric soft materials showing isothermal reversible liquid-nonliquid conversion remains challenging. Here, we demonstrate that solvent-free repeatable molecular architectural transformation between liquid-star and nonliquid-network polymers that relies on cleavage and reformation of a covalent bond in hexaarylbiimidazole. Liquid four-armed star-shaped poly(n-butyl acrylate) and poly(dimethyl siloxane) with 2,4,5-triphenylimidazole end groups were first synthesized...
September 11, 2017: Nature Communications
Aurore Lenglet, Dawid Jaślan, Masatsugu Toyota, Matthias Mueller, Thomas Müller, Gerald Schönknecht, Irene Marten, Simon Gilroy, Rainer Hedrich, Edward E Farmer
Unknown mechanisms tightly regulate the basal activity of the wound-inducible defence mediator jasmonate (JA) in undamaged tissues. However, the Arabidopsis fatty acid oxygenation upregulated2 (fou2) mutant in vacuolar two-pore channel 1 (TPC1(D454N) ) displays high JA pathway activity in undamaged leaves. This mutant was used to explore mechanisms controlling basal JA pathway regulation. fou2 was re-mutated to generate novel 'ouf' suppressor mutants. Patch-clamping was used to examine TPC1 cation channel characteristics in the ouf suppressor mutants and in fou2...
September 8, 2017: New Phytologist
Itaru Ozeki, Tomoaki Nakajima, Hirokazu Suii, Ryoji Tatsumi, Masakatsu Yamaguchi, Mutsuumi Kimura, Tomohiro Arakawa, Yasuaki Kuwata, Takumi Ohmura, Shuhei Hige, Yoshiyasu Karino, Joji Toyota
AIM: We investigated the utility of high-sensitivity hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) assays compared with conventional HBsAg assays. METHODS: Using serum samples from 114 hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers in whom HBsAg seroclearance was confirmed by conventional HBsAg assays (cutoff value, 0.05 IU/mL), the amount of HBsAg was re-examined by high-sensitivity HBsAg assays (cutoff value, 0.005 IU/mL). Cases negative for HBsAg in both assays were defined as consistent cases, and cases positive for HBsAg in the high-sensitivity HBsAg assay only were defined as discrepant cases...
September 8, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
Tetsuo Iwanaga, Tomokazu Yamauchi, Shinji Toyota, Shuichi Suzuki, Keiji Okada
We designed an azacyclophane comprising 3,6-substituted carbazole and 9,10-anthrylene units to investigate the unique electronic properties of the oxidation states arising from the presence of multiple oxidizable azacyclophane. This compound and its analogue containing 1,4-phenylene in substitution of 9,10-anthrylene units were synthesized by Buchwald-Hartwig coupling reactions. Cyclic voltammograms of both the 9,10-anthrylene and 1,4-phenylene derivatives exhibited four quasi-reversible oxidation processes...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Takeshi Yamane, Kenji Sugisaki, Tomoki Nakagawa, Hideto Matsuoka, Takahisa Nishio, Shigemori Kinjyo, Nobuyuki Mori, Satoshi Yokoyama, Chika Kawashima, Naoki Yokokura, Kazunobu Sato, Yuki Kanzaki, Daisuke Shiomi, Kazuo Toyota, David H Dolphin, Wei-Ching Lin, Charles A McDowell, Makoto Tadokoro, Takeji Takui
The fictitious spin-1/2 Hamiltonian approach is the putative method to analyze the fine-structure/hyperfine ESR spectra of high spin metallocomplexes having sizable zerofield splitting (ZFS), thus giving salient principal g-values far from around g = 2 without explicitly providing their ZFS parameters in most cases. Indeed, the significant departure of the g-values from g = 2 is indicative of the occurrence of their high spin states, but naturally they never agree with true g-values acquired by quantum chemical calculations such as sophisticated DFT or ab initio MO calculations...
September 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Hisami Kondo, Hiroyasu Toyota, Takayuki Kamiya, Kazunari Yamashita, Tadashi Hakomori, Junko Imoto, Shin-Ichiro Kimura, Yasunori Iwao, Shigeru Itai
External lubrication is a useful method which reduces the adhesion of powder to punches and dies by spraying lubricants during the tableting process. However, no information is available on whether the tablets prepared using an external lubrication system can be applicable for a film coating process. In this study, we evaluated the adhesion force of the film coating layer to the surface of tablets prepared using an external lubrication method, compared with those prepared using internal lubrication method. We also evaluated wettability, roughness and lubricant distribution state on the tablet surface before film coating, and investigated the relationship between peeling of the film coating layer and these tablet surface properties...
2017: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Thomas R Vincent, James Canham, Masatsugu Toyota, Marieta Avramova, Sam T Mugford, Simon Gilroy, Anthony J Miller, Saskia Hogenhout, Dale Sanders
Calcium ions are predicted to be key signaling entities during biotic interactions, with calcium signaling forming an established part of the plant defense response to microbial elicitors and to wounding caused by chewing insects, eliciting systemic calcium signals in plants. However, the role of calcium in vivo during biotic stress is still unclear. This protocol describes the use of a genetically-encoded calcium sensor to detect calcium signals in plants during feeding by a hemipteran pest. Hemipterans such as aphids pierce a small number of cells with specialized, elongated sucking mouthparts, making them the ideal tool to study calcium dynamics when a plant is faced with a biotic stress, which is distinct from a wounding response...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Colin Wilbur, Sarah E Buerki, Ilaria Guella, Eric B Toyota, Daniel M Evans, Marna B McKenzie, Anita Datta, Aspasia Michoulas, Shelin Adam, Margot I Van Allen, Tanya N Nelson, Matthew J Farrer, Mary B Connolly, Michelle Demos
BACKGROUND: Pathogenic heterozygous variants in the ATP1A2 gene have most commonly been associated with familial hemiplegic migraine. However, a wide spectrum of phenotypes that include alternating hemiplegia of childhood and epilepsy have been described. PATIENT DESCRIPTION: We describe a boy who presented at age three months with a complex phenotype that included epilepsy, nonepileptic paroxysmal events, and recurrent hemiplegia. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated unilateral cortical edema during a severe episode of hemiplegia that was followed by a persistent mild hemiparesis...
June 8, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
Yuta Yoshino, Takaaki Mori, Taku Yoshida, Yasutaka Toyota, Hideaki Shimizu, Jun-Ichi Iga, Shusaku Nishitani, Shu-Ichi Ueno
Objective: Donepezil is used to improve cognitive impairment of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Visuo-spatial dysfunction is a well-known symptom of DLB. Non-verbal Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices (RCPM) were used to assess both visual perception and reasoning ability in DLB subjects treated with donepezil. Methods: Twenty-one DLB patients (mean age, 78.7±4.5 years) were enrolled. RCPM assessment was performed at the time of starting donepezil and within one year after starting donepezil...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Ilaria Guella, Marna B McKenzie, Daniel M Evans, Sarah E Buerki, Eric B Toyota, Margot I Van Allen, Mohnish Suri, Frances Elmslie, Marleen E H Simon, Koen L I van Gassen, Delphine Héron, Boris Keren, Caroline Nava, Mary B Connolly, Michelle Demos, Matthew J Farrer
Massively parallel sequencing has revealed many de novo mutations in the etiology of developmental and epileptic encephalopathies (EEs), highlighting their genetic heterogeneity. Additional candidate genes have been prioritized in silico by their co-expression in the brain. Here, we evaluate rare coding variability in 20 candidates nominated with the use of a reference gene set of 51 established EE-associated genes. Variants within the 20 candidate genes were extracted from exome-sequencing data of 42 subjects with EE and no previous genetic diagnosis...
August 3, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
Kenji Toyota, Tomomi Sato, Norihisa Tatarazako, Taisen Iguchi
Photoperiodism is a biological seasonal timing system utilized to regulate development and reproduction in organisms. The freshwater micro-crustacean Daphnia pulex displays environmental sex determination, the precise physiological mechanisms of which are largely unknown due to the lack of an experimental system to induce female or male offspring production by alterations of the rearing environment. We recently found that D. pulex, WTN6 strain, produces female or male offspring in response to long-day or short-day conditions, respectively...
August 2017: Zoological Science
Masatoshi Taniguchi, Masahiko Furutani, Takeshi Nishimura, Moritaka Nakamura, Toyohito Fushita, Kohta Iijima, Kenichiro Baba, Hirokazu Tanaka, Masatsugu Toyota, Masao Tasaka, Miyo Terao Morita
During gravitropism, the directional signal of gravity is perceived by gravity-sensing cells called statocytes, leading to asymmetric distribution of auxin in the responding organs. To identify the genes involved in gravity signaling in statocytes, we performed transcriptome analyses of statocyte-deficient Arabidopsis thaliana mutants and found two candidates from the LAZY1 family, AtLAZY1/LAZY1-LIKE1 (LZY1) and AtDRO3/AtNGR1/LZY2. We showed that LZY1, LZY2, and a paralog AtDRO1/AtNGR2/LZY3 are redundantly involved in gravitropism of the inflorescence stem, hypocotyl, and root...
August 1, 2017: Plant Cell
Hiromichi Ohsaka, Kouhei Ishikawa, Kazuhiko Omori, Kei Jitsuiki, Toshihiko Yoshizawa, Youichi Yanagawa
At approximately 10 o'clock in September 2015, a minibus carrying 18 people accidentally slid backwards because of a malfunctioning brake system while climbing a steep incline on Togasayama Mountain, colliding with a van (Toyota HiAce wagon) carrying 11 people that was situated behind the minibus. Togasayama Mountain is located 1 hour by car and 10 minutes by helicopter from our hospital. The minibus slid off a roadside cliff at a height of 0.5 m and rolled over after colliding with the van. There were 7 victims with yellow tags and 22 with green tags...
July 2017: Air Medical Journal
Ligia Collado-Vides, Alain Duran, Elizabeth Armenis, Valéria Cassano, Deron Burkepile, Andrew A Shantz, Laura Palma, Jhoana Díaz-Larrea, Abel Sentíes, Mutue Toyota Fujii
As marine tropical ecosystems deteriorate and lose biodiversity, their communities are shifting to being dominated by a few species, altering ecosystem's functioning and services. Macroalgae are becoming dominant on coral reefs, and are frequently observed outcompeting corals. Turf algal assemblages are the base of energy flow in these systems and one of the most abundant types of macroalgae on coral reefs, but little is known about their biology and diversity. Through molecular and morphological analyses, we identified the turf-forming species Laurencia cervicornis, and by studying seasonal recruitment and the impact of herbivorous fishes on its abundance, we describe its survival strategy...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Phycology
H M Suranji Wijekoon, Kazuhide Toyota, Sangho Kim, Jing Fang, Eugene C Bwalya, Kenji Hosoya, Masahiro Okumura
The objective of this study was to assess the differentiation capability of synoviocytes derived from dogs with inflammatory joint conditions. Cranial cruciate ligament ruptured (CCLr) (n=12) and medial patella luxated (MPL) (n=10) knee joints of the dogs were used to collect the synovial membrane (SM). Synoviocytes were enzymatically released from the SM and analyzed by flow cytometry for specific cellular markers (CD44 and CD90) of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), while doing histopathology from another part of SM sections...
July 9, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Minglu Yan, Sonia Zeggar, Sumie Hiramatsu, Keiji Ohashi, Yoshia Miyawaki, Eri Katsuyama, Takayuki Katsuyama, Mariko Takano Narazaki, Noriko Toyota Tatebe, Katsue Sunahori Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada
Objective To assess the safety of azathioprine (AZA) in Japanese patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). Methods We retrospectively enrolled 67 consecutive AAV patients who had initiated AZA treatment from January 2006 to August 2014 at Okayama University Hospital. We evaluated the development of severe adverse events (AEs), AZA discontinuation due to total AEs (severe AEs included) within 1 year, and AZA-associated risk factors. Results The patients' median age was 70 years old...
2017: Internal Medicine
Keiko Kikuchi, Mari Toyota, Keiko Endo, Yasuka Nakamura, Fumi Atogami, Toyoko Yoshizawa
BACKGROUND: Studies in various fields have demonstrated that experts use specific gaze strategies to achieve better performance. Therefore, we hypothesized that mothers familiar with breastfeeding would use a specific gaze strategy to achieve better latching-on. METHODS: A head-mounted eye tracker was used to record pupil positions from 14 breastfeeding mothers with 1-month-old infants. Eye gazes were analyzed during the latching-on and assessment phases. RESULTS: During the latching-on phase, participants tended to fixate on their breast, the infant's lower face, an intermediate region between the infant's face and the breast, and the region of contact between the infant's mouth and the breast...
July 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
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