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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208280/formulation-and-biological-actions-of-nano-bioglass-ceramic-particles-doped-with-calcarea-phosphorica-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#1
S Dinesh Kumar, K Mohamed Abudhahir, N Selvamurugan, S Vimalraj, R Murugesan, N Srinivasan, A Moorthi
The improvisation of the treatment procedures for treating the various kind of bone defects such as, bone or dental trauma and for diseases such as osteoporosis, osteomyelitis etc., need the suitable and promising biomaterials with resemblance of bone components. Bioactive glass ceramic (BGC) has recently acquired great attention as the most promising biomaterials; hence it has been widely applied as a filler material for bone tissue regeneration. Because it elicts specific biological responses after implantation in addition more potential in formation of strong interface with both hard and soft tissues by dissolution of calcium and phosphate ions...
February 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107133/physeal-fractures-of-the-lower-leg-in-children-and-adolescents-therapeutic-results-pitfalls-and-suggested-management-protocol-based-on-the-experience-of-the-authors-and-contemporary-literature
#2
Marcin Karlikowski, Jerzy Sułko
INTRODUCTION: Physeal fractures in children frequently give rise to concerns about the condition of the growth plate. Our observations have proven that the dysfunction of the growth plate is less frequent complication in those cases than misdiagnosed interposition of the periosteum. The aim of this paper is to familiarize the readers with the issue of treatment of physeal fractures of the distal tibia and fibula in the growing skeleton. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the group of 75 patients - children and adolescents - with surgically treated physeal fractures of the lower leg...
October 26, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078156/an-unusual-osteomyelitis-caused-by-moraxella-osloensis-a-case-report
#3
Nidal J Alkhatib, Manaf H Younis, Ahmad S Alobaidi, Nebal M Shaath
INTRODUCTION: Moraxella osloensis is a gram-negative coccobacillus, that is saprophytic on skin and mucosa, and rarely causing human infections. Reported cases of human infections usually occur in immunocompromised patients. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the second case of M. osloensis-caused-osteomyelitis in literature, occurring in a young healthy man. The organism was identified by sequencing analysis of the 16S ribosomal RNA gene. Our patient was treated successfully with surgical debridement and intravenous third-generation cephalosporins...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051871/bilateral-divergent-shoulder-s-fracture-dislocation-case-in-an-ischemic-stroke-patient
#4
Atchi Walla, Faré Gnandi-Piou, Pilakimwé Egbohou, Komi Assogba, Mawuko Quacoe
INTRODUCTION: The literature review revealed that nowadays only about 15 cases of bilateral shoulder dislocation associated with the fracture of the upper end of the humerus have been published. The triad of lesional mechanism designated by the triple syndrome E composed of epilepsy, electrocution, and external trauma was the circumstances noted in which these fractures dislocations occur with migration of the two humeral heads either forward or backward. CASE REPORT: An architect of 36-year-old, right-handed, was admitted in emergency department for loss of knowledge of progressive installation...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940152/osteomyelitis-risk-in-patients-with-transfemoral-amputations-treated-with-osseointegration-prostheses
#5
Jonatan Tillander, Kerstin Hagberg, Örjan Berlin, Lars Hagberg, Rickard Brånemark
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous anchoring of femoral amputation prostheses using osseointegrating titanium implants has been in use for more than 25 years. The method offers considerable advantages in daily life compared with conventional socket prostheses, however long-term success might be jeopardized by implant-associated infection, especially osteomyelitis, but the long-term risk of this complication is unknown. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) To quantify the risk of osteomyelitis, (2) to characterize the clinical effect of osteomyelitis (including risk of implant extraction and impairments to function), and (3) to determine whether common patient factors (age, sex, body weight, diabetes, and implant component replacements) are associated with osteomyelitis in patients with transfemoral amputations treated with osseointegrated titanium implants...
December 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904724/treatment-of-high-energy-pilon-fractures-using-the-ilizarov-treatment
#6
Walid Osman, Zeineb Alaya, Hamdi Kaziz, Lassad Hassini, Meriem Braiki, Nader Naouar, Mohamed Laaziz Ben Ayeche
The management of high-energy pilon fractures is still controversial. Open reduction and internal fixation are often associated with serious complications. Various methods have been used to treat these injuries, with variable results. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the clinical and radiographic outcome of the ILIZAROV technique in patients with high-energy pilon fractures. Thirty cases of distal tibia epiphysis fractures (pilon fractures) were managed from 1999 to 2012. The study group included 5 cases of open fractures...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893848/a-review-of-10-years-of-scapula-injuries-sustained-by-uk-military-personnel-on-operations
#7
Darren C Roberts, D M Power, S A Stapley
BACKGROUND: Scapula fractures are relatively uncommon injuries, mostly occurring due to the effects of high-energy trauma. Rates of scapula fractures are unknown in the military setting. The aim of this study is to analyse the incidence, aetiology, associated injuries, treatment and complications of these fractures occurring in deployed military personnel. METHODS: All UK military personnel returning with upper limb injuries from Afghanistan and Iraq were retrospectively reviewed using the Royal Centre for Defence Medicine database and case notes (2004-2014)...
September 11, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888396/middle-and-late-holocene-micromammal-pathologies-from-cueva-tixi-tandilia-range-buenos-aires-province-argentina
#8
Leandro Luna, Claudia Aranda, Carlos Quintana
Paleopathology in bones of very small mammals has rarely been studied. Different types of osseous lesions of mammals weighing under 0.2kg, recovered from the Holocene strata of Cueva Tixi archaeological and paleontological site (Tandilia range, province of Buenos Aires, Argentina), are described and discussed in this report. Several types of trauma, entheseal changes, degenerative joint diseases, and probable osteomyelitis were identified. The lesions were chronic, indicating that the animals were able to survive a period of convalescence, although in many cases the decreased capacity for locomotion likely was significant...
September 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880602/osteoid-osteoma-at-the-proximal-diaphysis-of-the-fifth-metatarsal
#9
Muhammet Baybars Ataoglu, Ali Kh Ali, Mustafa Ozer, Hüseyin Nevzat Topcu, Mehmet Cetinkaya, Gamze Kulduk
The foot is rarely the focus of osteoid osteoma, and only a few of those cases are related to the fifth metatarsal. The present case demonstrates that atypical symptoms with suspicious findings on plain radiographs that are not associated with trauma must be analyzed carefully to determine the nature of the lesion and perform the precise treatment to obtain and sustain the cure. A 29-year-old man presented to the outpatient clinic with a 2-year history of chronic pain in the lateral aspect of his left forefoot...
July 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874431/association-between-oropharyngeal-carriage-of-kingella-kingae-and-osteoarticular-infection-in-young-children-a-case-control-study
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jocelyn Gravel, Dimitri Ceroni, Laurence Lacroix, Christian Renaud, Guy Grimard, Eleftheria Samara, Abdessalam Cherkaoui, Gesuele Renzi, Jacques Schrenzel, Sergio Manzano
BACKGROUND: Kingella kingae has been increasingly identified in patients with osteoarticular infections. Our main objective was to evaluate the association between carriage of K. kingae in the oropharynx of preschool children and osteoarticular infections. METHODS: We conducted this prospective case-control study in 2 tertiary care pediatric hospitals (Canada and Switzerland) between 2014 and 2016. Potential cases were children aged 6 to 48 months with a presumptive diagnosis of osteoarticular infection according to the treating emergency physician...
September 5, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864264/a-self-reported-needs-assessment-survey-of-pediatric-orthopaedic-education-in-haiti
#11
Rameez A Qudsi, Heather J Roberts, Abhiram R Bhashyam, Elena Losina, Donald S Bae, Francel Alexis, George S Dyer
OBJECTIVE: The burden of musculoskeletal disease remains high in low-income countries, with a high rate of pediatric disease. Efforts continue for orthopedic education, but there is little guidance on local needs and desires. Our aim was to determine the specific content and modalities that would be most useful for pediatric orthopedic educational programs abroad, and we demonstrate a practical method of identifying country-specific educational deficits through a self-reported needs survey in Haiti...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799857/delayed-osteomyelitis-resulting-from-an-extension-injury-of-the-cervical-spine-case-report
#12
Victoria Palmer, Randolph B Cohen, Bruce Braffman, Douglas L Brockmeyer, Heather S Spader
Osteomyelitis of the cervical spine is an exceedingly rare lesion in pediatric practice and is caused by a variety of mechanisms. The authors present a case in which cervical osteomyelitis presented in a delayed manner after the patient experienced a stable cervical extension injury at the C4-5 level. On review of the original images, the authors noted a likely perforation in the retropharyngeal space. This case highlights the risk of retropharyngeal injury in cervical trauma, with the seldom-seen complication of osteomyelitis as a result...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764916/outcome-of-oscillating-saw-open-osteotomy-in-two-stage-lower-extremity-bone-transport-with-monolateral-frame
#13
Pablo S Corona, Luis J Ramirez-Nuñez, Carles Amat, Luis Carrera
INTRODUCTION: Bone transport techniques have been widely used to solve massive bone defects due to trauma, osteomyelitis or bone tumors. The technique of bone interruption to achieve better new bone formation is a subject of debate. Low-energy osteotomy (LEO) techniques have been proposed as the gold standard. Some authors reject open osteotomy with an oscillating saw (OOS osteotomy), based on the danger of bone tissue thermal necrosis and periosteal damage. To date, however, there is no strong clinical evidence to discourage this high-energy (HEO) bone interruption technique...
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749271/evaluation-of-husbandry-and-mortality-in-lesser-hedgehog-tenrecs-echinops-telfairi
#14
Tara M Harrison, Scott H Harrison
Causes of morbidity and mortality for various species of tenrecs have not been widely published, aside from several reports of neoplasia, and these data are crucial for advancing objectives for preventive medicine, diagnosis, and treatment. A survey on husbandry, morbidity, and mortality of lesser hedgehog tenrecs ( Echinops telfairi ) in Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) institutions was conducted. Out of 32 institutions, 20 responded with data for 98 living and 93 dead animals. The most common causes of mortality among the dead animals were neoplasia (24%), hepatic lipidosis (11%), septicemia (8...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744608/-reconstruction-of-osseous-defects-using-the-masquelet-technique
#15
REVIEW
F Saxer, H Eckardt
The Masquelet procedure or induced membrane technique presents a treatment option for relatively large osseous defects, e.g. after trauma, tumour resection or osteomyelitis even in the presence of unfavourable soft tissues. Initially developed at the end of the last century by the French surgeon Masquelet, the technique relies on a bioactive membrane that forms a foreign body reaction around a cement spacer. This spacer is implanted in the residual defect after rigorous debridement of bone and soft tissue during a first-stage procedure...
August 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690724/imaging-of-complicated-frontal-sinusitis
#16
Naourez Kolsi, Ahmed Zrig, Hamdi Chouchène, Rachida Bouatay, Khaled Harrathi, Jamel Koubaa
Complications occur in 3% of the cases of frontal sinusitis. These are mainly oculo-orbital, intracranial and osteomyelitis. Our aim is to describe the contribution of different imaging modalities in the diagnosis of these complications and their post-treatment monitoring. within a 15 years period (2000-2014), 10 patients with complicated frontal sinusitis were included into this retrospective study. 10 patients (9 males) aged 9 to 70 year old (mean 28). Two of these patients (20%) had a history of craniofacial trauma...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682145/a-link-between-osteomyelitis-and-il1rn-and-il1b-polymorphisms-a-study-in-patients-from-northeast-brazil
#17
Clinio Alves De Souza, Argos Queiroz Alves De Souza, Maria do Socorro Queiroz Alves De Souza, José Alberto Dias Leite, Maíra Silva De Morais, Sílvia Helena Barem Rabenhorst
Background and purpose - Treatment failure of osteomyelitis can result from genetic susceptibility, highlighting polymorphisms of the interleukin-1 (IL-1) family members, central mediators of innate immunity and inflammation. Polymorphisms are DNA sequence variations that are common in the population (1% or more) and represent multiple forms of a single gene. We investigated the association of IL1RNVNTR (rs2234663) and IL1B-511C > T (rs16944) polymorphisms with osteomyelitis development in patients operated on because of bone trauma...
October 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657842/journal-club-can-coronal-stir-be-used-as-screening-for-acute-nontraumatic-hip-pain-in-children
#18
Monica M Forbes-Amrhein, Megan B Marine, Matthew R Wanner, Trenton D Roth, Joseph T Davis, Ananth K Ravi, Boaz Karmazyn
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate whether coronal STIR MRI can be used as a screening test for nontraumatic acute hip pain in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2008 to 2012, we identified all patients younger than 18 years at our tertiary care facility who underwent pelvic MRI including coronal STIR for the following indications: acute hip pain, limping, or refusal to bear weight. Patients with a history of trauma were excluded. Each MR image was independently reviewed by four radiologists who were blinded to the clinical outcome...
September 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630834/van-neck-odelberg-disease-a-rare-case-report
#19
Amit Prakash Chaudhari, Gautam Shah, Sameer Sanjeev Patil, Aashish Babanrao Ghodke, Sagar B Kelkar
INTRODUCTION: Pain in groin without any history of trauma or positive clinical findings of infection or stress fracture in ischiopubic ramus poses challenges in diagnosis of the condition in prepubertal age. "Osteochondrosis of ischiopubic synchondrosis (IPS)" also called as "Van Neck-Odelberg" disease. Left leg dominant patient presented with pain in groin and limping with left leg dominance. Differential diagnosis - such as stress fractures, osteomyelitis, tuberculosis, post-traumatic osteolysis, or any neoplasia - is need be ruled out to arrive at diagnosis...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573555/-antibiotic-strategies-in-trauma-surgery-treatment-of-implant-associated-infections
#20
REVIEW
Susanne Feihl, Nora Renz, Michael Schütz, Michael Müller
Implant-associated infections represent a serious complication following fracture management. Due to biofilm formation, an optimized treatment strategy is required to treat these infections. Interdisciplinary cooperation between trauma surgeon, infectious diseases specialist and microbiologist enables the deployment of a concerted surgical and antibiotic treatment concept, which significantly influences treatment success. Fracture healing and chronic osteomyelitis prevention are the primary treatment goals...
June 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
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