keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Leg Length

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903620/humans-walk-on-virtual-length-legs
#1
Kathryn Knight
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902895/pathogeny-of-fatigued-walking-condition-in-pekin-ducks
#2
M J Da Costa, E O Oviedo-Rondón, M Wineland, D Jeffrey
Fatigued walking condition (FWC) in ducks is an important welfare and processing issue during the loading/unloading to the processing plant that can be related to heart and bone development. An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of incubation conditions on duck embryo bone and heart development and their subsequent effects on ducks showing FWC at market age. Four groups of 2500 Pekin duck eggs were subjected to combinations of two incubation temperature profiles (elevated [E] and normal [N]) and two eggshell conductance profiles (G) (reduced [GR] and normal [GN])...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897410/androgen-deprivation-causes-selective-deficits-in-the-biomechanical-leg-muscle-function-of-men-during-walking-a-prospective-case-control-study
#3
Ada S Cheung, Hans Gray, Anthony G Schache, Rudolf Hoermann, Daryl Lim Joon, Jeffrey D Zajac, Marcus G Pandy, Mathis Grossmann
BACKGROUND: Although muscle mass declines with testosterone deficiency in men, previous studies of muscle function have not demonstrated consistent deficits, likely due to relatively insensitive methodology. Our objective was to determine the effects of testosterone deprivation on the biomechanical function of individual lower-limb muscles. METHODS: We conducted a 12-month prospective, observational case-control study of 34 men newly commencing androgen deprivation treatment (ADT) for prostate cancer and 29 age-matched prostate cancer controls...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889839/what-is-the-fate-of-the-neck-after-a-collum-femoris-preserving-prosthesis-a-nineteen-years-single-center-experience
#4
Matteo Formica, Luca Cavagnaro, Marco Basso, Andrea Zanirato, Augusto Palermo, Lamberto Felli
PURPOSE: The aim of our study is to evaluate long-term outcomes from a cohort of patients treated with collum femoris preserving (CFP) stem correlating neck resorption with comorbidities, clinical outcomes, and complications. METHODS: One hundred seventy-six patients (194 hips) were retrospectively reviewed with a minimum follow-up (f.u.) of ten years. Demographic and surgical data were collected. Clinical and radiological evaluation was performed at the last follow up...
November 26, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888930/thermoregulation-in-premature-infants-a-mathematical-model
#5
Carina Barbosa Pereira, Konrad Heimann, Michael Czaplik, Vladimir Blazek, Boudewijn Venema, Steffen Leonhardt
PURPOSE: In 2010, approximately 14.9 million babies (11.1%) were born preterm. Because preterm infants suffer from an immature thermoregulatory system they have difficulty maintaining their core body temperature at a constant level. Therefore, it is essential to maintain their temperature at, ideally, around 37°C. For this, mathematical models can provide detailed insight into heat transfer processes and body-environment interactions for clinical applications. METHODS: A new multi-node mathematical model of the thermoregulatory system of newborn infants is presented...
December 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886355/acetabular-spacers-in-2-stage-hip-revision-is-it-worth-it-a-single-centre-retrospective-study
#6
Giorgio Burastero, Marco Basso, Giuliana Carrega, Luca Cavagnaro, Francesco Chiarlone, Carlo Salomone, Gabriele Papa, Lamberto Felli
PURPOSE: The aim of this work is to evaluate an acetabular antibiotic loaded bone cement spacer in 2-stage revision surgery as a potential approach able to reduce complications during the inter-stage period (i.e. dislocation, acetabular wear), as well as simplify 2-stage hip revision surgery and improve hip biomechanics. METHODS: We performed a retrospective comparative study and evaluated clinical, radiological and surgical data of 71 patients affected by periprosthetic hip infection who were treated with 2-stage exchange...
November 25, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886354/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-merits-and-challenges-associated-with-simultaneous-bilateral-tha-using-the-direct-anterior-approach
#7
Matthew L Brown, Johannes F Plate, David C Holst, Daniel N Bracey, Matthew W Bullock, Jason E Lang
INTRODUCTION: 15%-20% of patients presenting for total hip arthroplasty (THA) have bilateral disease. While simultaneous bilateral THA is of interest to patients and surgeons, debate persists regarding its merits. The majority of previous reports on simultaneous bilateral THA involve patients in the lateral decubitus position, which require repositioning, prepping and draping, and exposure of a fresh wound to pressure and manipulation for the contralateral THA. The purpose of this study was to compare complications, component position, and financial parameters for simultaneous versus staged bilateral THAs using the direct anterior approach (DAA)...
November 14, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886005/compression-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-venous-insufficiency-efficacy-depending-on-the-length-of-the-stocking
#8
Wolfgang Konschake, Helene Riebe, P Pediaditi, Hermann Haase, Michael Jünger, Stine Lutze
BACKGROUND: Below knee two-component compression stockings (AD) have revealed as effective for compression treatment of venous leg ulcers. Upto groin, thigh length stocking (AG) may enhance clinical effects, however wear comfort of these stocking may be affected. OBJECTIVE: venous haemodynamic in relation to the length of compression stockings. METHODS: A two-component AD stocking (37 mmHg) and two thigh length stockings (AG 37, with an interface pressure of 37 mmHg; AG 45, with an interface pressure of 45 mmHg) were tested by 16 patients with CVI...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882383/becker-nevus-syndrome-of-the-lower-body-one-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Kristina Schäfer, Boris Bauer, Julian Donhauser, Andreas Kerstan, Henning Hamm
Becker naevus syndrome is a rare epidermal naevus syndrome defined by the co-occurrence of a Becker naevus with various cutaneous, muscular and skeletal anomalies. In the majority of cases, abnormalities exclusively consist of ipsilateral hypoplasia of the breast, areola and/or nipple in addition to the naevus. Here, we report on a 42-year-old woman with an extensive Becker naevus reaching from the left buttock to the left calf verified on histological examination. In addition, there was marked hypoplasia of the fatty tissue of the left thigh confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging in contrast to hyperplasia of the fatty tissue of the left gluteal area...
November 24, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876266/knee-arthrodesis-by-the-ilizarov-method-in-the-treatment-of-total-knee-arthroplasty-failure
#10
Andrea Antonio Maria Bruno, Alexander Kirienko, Andrea Peccati, Paolo Dupplicato, Massimo De Donato, Enrico Arnaldi, Nicola Portinaro
BACKGROUND: Currently, the main indication for knee arthrodesis is septic failure of a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of knee arthrodesis by circular external fixation performed in the treatment of TKA failure in which revision arthroplasty was not indicated. METHODS: The study involved 19 patients who underwent knee arthrodesis by the Ilizarov method. Clinical and functional assessments were performed, including Knee Society Score (KSS)...
November 18, 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874150/the-radiological-research-for-pelvis-asymmetry-of-unilateral-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-in-adult
#11
Ya-Min Li, Jue-Hong Li, Bin Li, Jia-Xing Wang, Yun-Su Chen
To investigate whether adult patients with unilateral developmental dysplasia of the hip (UDDH) have pelvic asymmetry and what correlation existing between them. Methods: A total of 100 adult patients with UDDH were enrolled in the retrospective observational study in Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, China, between January 2012 and February 2014. The anteroposterior pelvic radiographs were reviewed and the pelvic heights and ischium heights were measured and compared between the affected and non-affected sides to find out the relationship between the pelvic morphology and hip dysplasia...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872317/first-in-human-experience-with-the-gore-balloon-expandable-covered-endoprosthesis-in-iliac-artery-occlusive-disease
#12
Andrew Holden, Stephen Merrilees, Brendan Buckley, Brigid Connor, Frances Colgan, Andrew Hill
PURPOSE: To report the first-in-human iliac artery experience of a new balloon-expandable covered endoprosthesis. METHODS: A prospective, single-center pilot study recruited 30 symptomatic patients (mean age 64 years; 18 men) to evaluate the safety and early efficacy of the new Gore balloon-expandable covered endoprosthesis for the treatment of de novo or restenotic common and/or external iliac artery lesions. According to protocol, up to 2 discrete lesions could be treated with a maximum total treated length ≤110 mm...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867330/use-of-caudal-analgesia-supplemented-with-low-dose-of-morphine-in-children-who-undergo-renal-surgery
#13
Boris Chertin, Alexander Zeldin, Stanislav Kocherov, Alexander Ioscovich, Israel A Ostrovsky, Yaacov Gozal
INTRODUCTION: To test the efficacy and safety of caudal anesthesia (CA) supplemented by low dose morphine in children who undergo renal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients aged 2 months-14 years were enrolled and randomly divided into two groups of 20 patients each: Group A (bupivacaine 0.2% with fentanyl); Group B (bupivacaine with morphine). The duration of surgery and hospitalization time were recorded. Postoperative pain score was measured by Face Legs Activity Cry Consolability scale and Wong-Baker Faces scale for those who are older...
October 2016: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864504/youth-baseball-pitching-stride-length-normal-values-and-correlation-with-field-testing
#14
Karl E Fry, Andrew Pipkin, Kelcie Wittman, Scott Hetzel, Marc Sherry
BACKGROUND: Pitching biomechanical analysis has been recommended as an important component of performance, injury prevention, and rehabilitation. Normal values for youth pitching stride length have not been established, leading to application of normative values found among professional pitchers to youth pitchers. HYPOTHESES: The average youth pitching stride length will be significantly less than that of college and professional pitchers. There will be a positive correlation between stride length, lower extremity power, balance, and pitching experience...
November 18, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862024/medial-gastrocnemius-specific-force-of-adult-men-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#15
Ayser W Hussain, Gladys L Onambele, Alun G Williams, Christopher I Morse
INTRODUCTION: Muscle weakness determines functional impairment in spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). Measurement of specific force (SF) allows for strength comparison with unimpaired populations (controls) accounting for neural (activation and coactivation), architectural (fascicle length and pennation angle), and structural differences (moment arm length). METHODS: Medial gastrocnemius (MG) SF (and its determinants) was assessed in both paretic and non-paretic legs of 11 men with SCP and 11 age-matched controls during plantarflexion maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC)...
November 15, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853663/impact-of-surgical-approach-on-clinical-outcomes-in-the-treatment-of-lumbar-pseudarthrosis
#16
R Kirk Owens, Mladen Djurasovic, Charles H Crawford, Steven D Glassman, John R Dimar, Leah Y Carreon
Study Design Retrospective comparative cohort. Objective Pseudarthrosis following fusion for degenerative lumbar spine pathologies remains a substantial problem. Current data shows that patients who develop a pseudarthrosis have suboptimal outcomes. This study evaluates if treatment of pseudarthrosis can be affected by surgical approach. Methods Medical records of 63 female and 65 male patients (mean age 50.37) who were treated for nonunion following lumbar fusion were reviewed. Sixty patients underwent posterolateral fusion (PSF), 18 underwent PSF with transforaminal interbody fusion (TLIF), 32 underwent anterior and posterior spinal fusion (AP), and 24 underwent anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF)...
December 2016: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853515/open-discectomy-vs-microdiscectomy-for-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-comparative-effectiveness-study
#17
Andreas Sørlie, Sasha Gulati, Charalampis Giannadakis, Sven M Carlsen, Øyvind Salvesen, Øystein P Nygaard, Tore K Solberg
Introduction:  Since the introduction of lumbar microdiscectomy in the 1970's, many studies have attempted to compare the effectiveness of this method with that of standard open discectomy with conflicting results. This observational study is designed to compare the relative effectiveness of microdiscectomy (MD) with open discectomy (OD) for treating lumbar disc herniation, -within a large cohort, recruited from daily clinical practice. Methods and analysis:   This study will include patients registered in the Norwegian Registry for Spine Surgery (NORspine)...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853409/collembola-of-the-genus-protaphorura-absolon-1901-onychiuridae-in-the-eastern-palearctic-morphology-distribution-identification-key
#18
Igor Kaprus', Wanda Weiner, Grzegorz Paśnik
Seven new species, Protaphorura jernikasp. n., Protaphorura absconditasp. n., Protaphorura tuvinicasp. n., Protaphorura vasilinaesp. n., Protaphorura sayanicasp. n., Protaphorura oligopseudocellatasp. n. and Protaphorura nikolaisp. n. from different habitats of the southern Siberia and Far East of Russia, are described. Protaphorura ombrophila (Stach, 1960) is redescribed based on the type specimens. These species differ one from other and from all known species by dorsal and ventral pseudocellar formulae, number of pseudocelli on subcoxae 1 of legs I-III, parapseudocellar formula, chaetotaxy of body, structure of claw, size of postantennal organ and body length...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845969/closing-the-growth-plate-a-review-of-indications-and-surgical-options
#19
Joseph J Ruzbarsky, Christine Goodbody, Emily Dodwell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose is to review the indications for epiphysiodesis in the treatment of pediatric limb length discrepancies; provide an update on current diagnostic, planning, and surgical techniques; and to introduce possible future alternatives. RECENT FINDINGS: Retrospective comparative studies have failed to demonstrate superiority of one epiphysiodesis technique over the others. EOS low-dose biplanar X-ray and smartphone growth prediction applications are improving our ability to diagnose and plan treatment for leg length discrepancy...
November 14, 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843511/a-smart-tool-for-intraoperative-leg-length-targeting-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Paul Grosso, Matthew Snider, Jeffrey M Muir
BACKGROUND: Leg length discrepancies following total hip arthroplasty (THA) may necessitate subsequent interventions, from heel lifts to revision surgery. Current intraoperative methods of determining leg length are either inaccurate or expensive and invasive. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study was to investigate the ability of a novel, intraoperative smart tool (Intellijoint HIP(®), Intellijoint Surgical(®), Inc., Waterloo, ON) to provide accurate, real-time leg length measurements during THA...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
keyword
keyword
42917
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"