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Hydatid disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785547/analysis-of-factors-affecting-outcomes-of-pregnancy-complicated-by-echinococcus-an-algorithm-for-approach-and-management
#1
Sebahattin Celik, Ozan Okyay, Erbil Karaman, Özlem Z Sert, Numan Cim, Tuba Y Okyay
PURPOSE: The management of hydatid disease (HD) co-occurring with pregnancy remains a challenge for physicians. We aimed to determine factors that were related to fetal and maternal outcomes in HD complicated pregnancies and then develop an approach/treatment algorithm. METHOD: All patients at the participating hospitals were first analyzed to determine whether they had HD. Only patients diagnosed with HD during the course of their pregnancy were included. Certain cyst-related factors (diameter, localization, increase in size, and viability) and certain pregnancy-related factors (treatments, gestational week, maternal co-morbidities, and delivery type) were investigated...
May 21, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779892/-cardiac-compression-of-hydatid-origin
#2
I Bouassida, C Pricopi, G Mangiameli, A Arame, J B Auliac, B Gorbatai, M Riquet, F Le Pimpec Barthes
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac hydatid disease is uncommon and occurs in 0.5 to 2% of patients with hydatidosis. Isolated intrapericardial hydatid cystic disease is extremely rare. OBSERVATION: We report the case of a young woman with cardiac compression due to multiple primary intrapericardial hydatid cysts. Since 1 year, she had gradual general health deterioration including dyspnoea, sweats and weight loss of 8kg. A widening of the mediastinum was observed on chest X-ray...
May 17, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761154/rare-manifestations-of-hydatid-disease
#3
Helena Ribeiro, Cátia Leitão, António Banhudo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: GE Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756728/-hydatid-disease-in-children-of-buenos-aires-province
#4
Pilar Álvarez, Nicolás Castiglione, Sergio Moreno, Jorge Bolpe
Hydatidosis is a parasitic zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus. It is endemic in Argentina and in the province of Buenos Aires, especially to the south of the Rio Salado basin. During 2014 and 2016, the Department of Rural Zoonoses was notified of 479 cases of hydatidosis, with 12.1% confirmed in children under 18 years of age. Fifty-nine percent corresponded to males and the group of 13 to 17 years was the most prevalent one (47%). Sixty-four percent had liver involvement, 22% pulmonary involvement, 5% hepatopulmonary involvement, 5% splenic involvement and 4% cerebral involvement...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747967/endless-story-of-a-spinal-column-hydatid-cyst-disease-a-case-report
#5
Gokhan Cavus, Vedat Acik, Emre Bilgin, Yurdal Gezercan, Ali Ihsan Okten
We describe a case of multifocal relapsing hydatid cyst following multilevel thoracic corpectomy and 360° instrumentation surgery. A 41-year-old male patient presented with cord compression and paraplegia due to a multiseptated cystic lesion at T10-11 level. The cyst was excised with a combined anterior and posterior approach and 360° stabilization was performed. The patient received albendazole for 1 year after the surgery. The patient presented with paraparesis 5 years after the surgery. Cystic lesions between C2-T1 and T10-11 were detected on the spinal MRI and the patient was operated with removal of the lesions on both levels and adjuvant local 20% hypertonic saline application...
May 7, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744124/neurological-disorders-caused-by-two-cerebral-alveolar-hydatid-cysts-in-an-old-woman-a-rare-case-report
#6
Hossein Mokhtari, Mohammadamin Sadeghdoust, Farnaz Aligolighasemabadi, Amirhossein Hashemiattar, Vahid Ariabod, Saied Rahighi
Alveolar hydatid disease, caused by Echinococcus multilocularis , is a life-threatening infectious disease which primarily occurs in the liver. Intracranial hydatid disease is a rare presentation with reported incidence of ~1% of all cases. Here we reported a 60-year-old woman, with the past history of hydatid cysts in her liver, who was presented to us with progressive symptoms consist of headaches, diminished vision, cognitive disorders and delusion. She was disoriented in time, space and person. Bilateral mild papilledema and exaggerated reflexes were observed...
August 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736732/prevalence-and-genotyping-of-echinococcus-granulosus-in-sheep-in-narok-county-kenya
#7
D O Odongo, C M Tiampati, E Mulinge, C K Mbae, R P Bishop, E Zeyhle, J Magambo, M Wasserman, P Kern, T Romig
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic disease caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus species (sensu lato, s.l.). In East Africa, several species/strains occur in livestock, wildlife, and humans, but there is limited information on frequencies of infection by different genotypes in the various mammalian hosts. We have obtained data on E. granulosus infection prevalence in sheep sampled from abattoirs in Narok County, southern Kenya. We inspected carcasses for the presence of hydatid cysts in 180 sheep randomly selected in five sub-locations...
May 8, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731770/renovascular-mistaken-as-essential-hypertension-due-to-giant-hepatic-hydatid-a-rare-treatable-entity
#8
Awaji Qasim Alnami, Liaqat Ali Khan, Said Samir Qeshta, Abdulrahman Alnami, Akram Awad, Waleed Mohalwi, Musa Tumaihi
Renovascular hypertension is an unusual but treatable cause of refractory hypertension that is infrequently caused by external compression of the renal vasculature by a giant hydatid cyst, a parasitic infection, caused by Echinococcus granulosus in its larval stage which is endemic in many parts of the world including Saudi Arabia. The disease can produce a cyst in almost every part of the body with the liver and lungs being the most frequently targeted organs producing a variety of symptoms depending upon the site and size of the cyst...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727452/antigen-b-from-echinococcus-granulosus-enters-mammalian-cells-by-endocytic-pathways
#9
Edileuza Danieli da Silva, Martin Cancela, Karina Mariante Monteiro, Henrique Bunselmeyer Ferreira, Arnaldo Zaha
BACKGROUND: Cystic hydatid disease is a zoonosis caused by the larval stage (hydatid) of Echinococcus granulosus (Cestoda, Taeniidae). The hydatid develops in the viscera of intermediate host as a unilocular structure filled by the hydatid fluid, which contains parasitic excretory/secretory products. The lipoprotein Antigen B (AgB) is the major component of E. granulosus metacestode hydatid fluid. Functionally, AgB has been implicated in immunomodulation and lipid transport. However, the mechanisms underlying AgB functions are not completely known...
May 4, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719486/role-of-cholescintigraphy-with-single-photon-emission-computerized-tomography-computed-tomography-in-detecting-bronchobiliary-fistula-unusual-complication-of-a-common-disease
#10
Mudalsha Ravina, Ajit Kumar Mishra, Abishek Rajan, Narvesh Kumar, Ashok Kumar, Sanjay Gambhir
Bronchobiliary fistula (BFF) is an abnormal communication between the biliary tree and airway. A patient usually presents with cough and bilioptysis, and at times, it poses diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. This case demonstrates the usefulness of cholescintigraphy with single-photon emission computerized tomography in diagnosing BFF in case of hydatid cyst of the liver.
April 2018: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716636/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-vats-with-mini-thoracotomy-for-the-management-of-pulmonary-hydatid-cysts
#11
Nizar Abbas, Sarah Zaher Addeen, Fatima Abbas, Tareq Al Saadi, Ibrahem Hanafi, Mahmoud Alkhatib, Tarek Turk, Ahmad Al Khaddour
BACKGROUND: Hydatid cyst is an endemic infectious disease. Various modalities have been provided to approach hydatosis. This article reports a 20-years-experience of a new minimally invasive technique for the management of solitary pulmonary hydatid cysts using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) with mini-thoracotomy. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent unilateral or bilateral single pulmonary hydatid cyst excision using VATS with mini-thoracotomy...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682390/hydatid-cyst-of-the-adrenal-gland-is-radical-surgery-necessary-for-recurrent-hydatid-disease
#12
Sami Akbulut, Mehmet Yilmaz
Hydatid cyst disease caused by E. granulosus is a zoonotic disease that may involve many body tissues and organs, mainly liver. Adrenal glands are rarely involved even in regions where hydatid cyst disease is endemic. A limited number of studies have been reported on adrenal gland involvement by hydatid cyst disease. Herein, we aimed to report a recurrent case of adrenal hydatid cyst that was misdiagnosed as a hepatic hydatid cyst. A 16-year-old boy with a history of partial cyst excision and evacuation for perforated adrenal hydatid cyst disease three years ago presented to our outpatient clinic with nonspecific abdominal pain...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682142/left-ventricular-hydatid-cyst-mimicking-acute-coronary-syndrome
#13
Ali Fuat Tekin, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz, Mustafa Dağli, Sahabettin Akbayrak, Pelin Akbayrak, Bekir Turgut
Hydatid disease is caused by the larvae of Echinococcus granulosus . Domestic dogs and cats are the primary carriers of echinococcal organisms. In some particular regions of the world, this parasitic infection is still endemic. Despite the fact that hydatid disease is most frequently located in the liver (50%-70% of cases) and the lungs (20%-30% of cases), it can occur in any organ or tissue. However, intracardiac localization of hydatid cyst is very rare and it is found in less than 2% of the cases. Cardiac involvement can be caused by systemic or pulmonary circulation or direct spread from adjacent structures...
June 2018: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675074/a-very-rare-complication-of-cerebral-hydatid-cyst-surgery-cortical-collapse
#14
Mürteza Çakir, Çagatay Çalikoglu, Atilla Yilmaz
Hydatid diseases are still endemic pathologies in developing countries which generally needs surgical treatment. The main aim of the treatment is total cyst evacuation without rupture. Dowling technique is preferable for this aim. There are various complications of hydatid disease surgery which include cortical collapse which is very serious and can be mortal. Our case was a 6-year-old boy diagnosed with a solitary isointense cystic mass in the left parietal region. There was no surrounding edema. The cyst was completely evacuated with Dowling technique without rupture...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669610/parasitic-causes-of-organ-condemnation-in-cattle-slaughtered-in-fako-abattoirs-south-west-region-of-cameroon-and-estimate-of-financial-losses
#15
M K Kouam, R Meningue, D E Fon
An abattoir study was carried out between May and October 2016 to determine the parasitic causes of organ condemnation during meat inspection and to evaluate the attendant financial losses in Fako abattoirs, in the South-West region of Cameroon. Organs (liver, lungs, heart, tongue, kidney, spleen and intestine) were examined at meat inspection following standard procedures and the financial loss was estimated by considering the total weight of condemned organs and the price per kilogram of marketable organs, obtained from the local market...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630082/pulmonary-hydatid-disease-with-aspergillosis-an-unusual-association-in-an-immunocompetent-host
#16
Rahul Chanderhas Goyal, Ruchita Tyagi, Bhavna Garg, Atul Mishra, Neena Sood
Echinococcosis is a common cause of pulmonary cavities. Aspergillus fumigatus, a saprophytic fungus, can colonise pulmonary cavities caused by tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, echinococcosis, bronchiectasis and neoplasms. Infection by Aspergillus is often seen in immunosuppressed cases. However, co-infection of Aspergillus with pulmonary echinococcosis is unexpected and very unusual, especially in an immunocompetent patient. We present the case of a 45-year-old immunocompetent male who came with non-resolving pneumonia and fever for 8 months and dyspnoea since 15 days accompanied by recurrent episodes of hemoptysis since 5 days...
April 9, 2018: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573751/a-hydatic-cyst-of-the-appendix-mimicking-a-uterine-lateral-mass-a-case-report
#17
Molka Chemlali, Sarah Sghaier, Montassar Ghalleb, Amira Triki, Jamel Ben Hassouna, Khaled Ben Rahal
BACKGROUND: Hydatic cyst is a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus. It is a public health problem in Tunisia and remains endemic. It occurs in intra-abdominal organs in 10-15% of the cases, particularly in the liver representing the most common affected organ. The aim of the case is to highlight the scarcity of this appendicle origin and to consider it among the differential diagnosis of any intra-abdominal cystic lesion. CASE PRESENTATION: A 45-year-old Tunisian woman, with no past medical history, was admitted for a pelvic cystic mass...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565498/minimally-invasive-management-of-hepatic-cysts-indications-and-complications
#18
D Vardakostas, C Damaskos, N Garmpis, E A Antoniou, K Kontzoglou, G Kouraklis, D Dimitroulis
OBJECTIVE: Liver cysts are divided into congenital and acquired. Congenital cystic lesions include polycystic liver disease, simple cysts, duct related and ciliated hepatic foregut cysts. Acquired cystic lesions are divided into infectious and non-infectious. The infectious cysts are the hydatid cyst, the amoebic abscess, and the pyogenic abscess, whereas the non-infectious cysts are neoplastic cysts and false cysts. While modern medicine provides a lot of minimally invasive therapeutic modalities, there has emerged a pressing need for understanding the various types of liver cysts, the possible minimal therapeutic options along with their indications and complications...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560642/minimally-invasive-treatment-of-hepatic-hydatid-disease-with-perforator-grinder-aspirator-apparatus-and-follow-up-of-42-patients
#19
I C Sormaz, L Avtan
INTRODUCTION: The gold standard treatment for hydatid cyst (HC) is surgery. In surgical practice, open procedures still remain as the first option but in this minimally-invasive era, the frequency of laparoscopic procedures is increasing. The aim of this study is to evaluate the results of 42 patients with HC who underwent surgery with Perforator-Grinder-Aspirator-Apparatus (PGAA) and demonstrate the success and reliability of this technique. METHODS: The datas of 42 patients, who underwent laparoscopic surgery with PGAA between Jan 2010 and Feb 2016 were evaluated retrospectively...
October 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532712/hydatid-disease-mr-imaging-of-calvarium-and-superior-sagittal-sinus-involvement
#20
Mustafa Kemal Demir, Ozlem Yapıcıer, Teyyub Hasanov, Baran Yılmaz, Türker Kılıç
Extra-axial hydatid disease (HD) is rare and may create a diagnostic challenge. Herein, we report an extremely rare case of calvarial HD with superior sagittal sinus invasion and an extension to the scalp with unusual magnetic resonance imaging findings simulating osteomyelitis and abscess. Recognition of detached endocystic membranes was the most important clue for the correct diagnosis. HD should be included in the differential diagnosis for a patient having a destructive skull lesion with peripheral enhancing extra-axial soft tissue component...
June 2018: Neuroradiology Journal
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