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Hydatid disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340470/traumatic-rupture-of-liver-hydatid-cysts-into-the-peritoneal-cavity-of-an-11-year-old-boy-a-case-report-from-iran
#1
Sadaf Sabzevari, Alireza Badirzadeh, Reza Shahkaram, Mohammad Seyyedin
This is the first published case report of an 11-year-old patient with a rupture of a liver hydatid cyst (HC) into the peritoneal cavity after an abdominal trauma in Iran. The disease was diagnosed using focused abdominal sonography for trauma. To date, no cases of traumatic ruptures of liver HCs in children have been reported in Iran. In the endemic regions of the world, where patients suffer from a history of trauma and constant abdominal symptoms or anaphylactic shock, early diagnosis of HC is crucial as it may disseminate to other organs...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323060/spectrum-of-hepatobiliary-cystic-lesions-a-7-year-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-referral-center-in-north-india-and-review-of-literature
#2
Prasenjit Das, Pragya Sharma, Tripti Nakra, Shouriyo Ghosh, Rajni Yadav, Brijnandan Gupta, Gaurav Khanna, K S Madhusudhan, Rajesh Panwar, M K Anoop, Ragini Kilambi, Anand N Singh, Nihar R Dash, Sujoy Pal, Siddhartha Datta Gupta
CONTEXT: Cysts arising from the hepatobiliary tree are a group of heterogeneous lesions with regard to pathogenesis, clinical presentation, and radiological finding. They can be intrahepatic or extrahepatic, developmental, secondary to infective/inflammatory etiologies, as well as neoplastic. This study was conducted to determine the spectrum of hepatobiliary cysts in surgically intervened cases, with regard to their prevalence, histological spectrum, and clinicoradiological correlation, wherever possible...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320825/practical-algorisms-for-pcr-rflp-based-genotyping-of-echinococcus-granulosus-sensu-lato
#3
Hye-Jin Kim, Tae-Soon Yong, Myeong Heon Shin, Kyu-Jae Lee, Gab-Man Park, Uktamjon Suvonkulov, Dmitriy Kovalenko, Hak Sun Yu
Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.) is a causative agent of cystic echinococcosis or cystic hydatid disease in humans and domestic and wild animals. The disease is a serious health problem in countries associated with poverty and poor hygiene practices, particularly in livestock raising. We introduced a practical algorism for genotyping the parasite, which may be useful to many developing countries. To evaluate the efficiency of the algorism, we genotyped 3 unknown strains isolated from human patients...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318995/sinistral-portal-hypertension-due-to-pancreatic-hydatid-cyst
#4
Tolga Canbak, Aylin Acar, Ali Ediz Kıvanç, Fatih Başak, Fatma Kulalı, Gürhan Baş
Hydatid disease is caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Hydatid cysts are commonly located in the liver and lungs. The occurrence of pancreatic hydatid cysts is very rare, even in endemic areas. Sinistral portal hypertension, which is rarely seen, occurs when a pathological process causes splenic vein occlusion. A 26-year-old male patient presented with abdominal pain. He had a history of operation for hydatid cyst of the lung 15 years ago. A left thoracotomy incision scar was observed during his physical examination...
December 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318989/study-on-the-relationship-between-liver-parasitic-infections-and-serum-vitamin-a-and-%C3%AE-carotene-status-in-cattle
#5
Ghader Jalilzadeh-Amin, Bijan Esmaeilnejad, Farhad Farhang-Pajuh
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between serum levels of vitamin A and β-carotene in the liver of cattle. METHODS: A total number of 150 samples were selected according to the type of parasitic infections of the liver after postmortem examination and confirmation. Parasitic lesions in the liver were subdivided into three major parasites, including Fasciola hepatica, Dicrocoelium dendriticum, and hydatid cysts. Fifty samples were obtained from cattle without any parasitic infection as a control group...
December 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317873/construction-and-identification-of-a-recombinant-plasmid-encoding-echinococcus-granulosus-oncosphere-antigen-eg95
#6
Nahideh Mazaheri, Abdolhossein Dalimi, Majid Pirestani, Farnoosh Jameie, Mehdi Mohebali, Mohamad Bagher Rokni
Background: Cystic echinococcosis (CE), as a zoonotic disease cause to health threat and economic losses. Despite implemented control programs, few countries have been able to decrease or eliminate this infection. Vaccination of the intermediate host offers an additional strategy to control the parasite transmission and EG95 antigen is considered more than the others in the vaccine issue. According to the high protection induced by the EG95 recombinant vaccine, this study was designed to construct recombinant plasmid formulation of EG95 antigen...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313694/right-colon-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-mimicking-a-hydatid-cyst
#7
Noelia Ibáñez, Juan Ángel Fernández, Álvaro Jesús Gómez, Pascual Parrilla
Hydatid disease is a fecal-oral transmission zoonosis which is endemically distributed among Mediterranean countries such as Morocco. It usually presents asymptomatically and a diagnosis is made due to cyst complications. It is most frequently located in the liver and lungs and forms large masses. The incidence of colon cancer has increased amongst population under 50 years of age during the last few decades. It has been proposed that young adult cases may have histological characteristics with a more aggressive clinical behavior...
January 9, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304756/medical-treatment-of-an%C3%A2-unusual-cerebral-hydatid-disease
#8
Shu Chen, Ning Li, Feifei Yang, Jiqin Wu, Yuekai Hu, Shenglei Yu, Qi Chen, Xuan Wang, Xinyu Wang, Yuanyuan Liu, Jianming Zheng
BACKGROUND: Hydatid disease is a worldwide zoonosis produced by the larval stage of cestodes of the Echinococcus genus. Hydatid disease primarily involves the liver and lungs. The brain is involved in less than 2% of cases. Surgery has long been the only choice for the treatment, but chemotherapy has been successfully replaced surgery in some special cases. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a rare hydatid disease case which presented with multiple lesions in right frontal lobe, an uncommon site, and in the liver and lungs...
January 5, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300073/heart-echinococcosis-current-problems-and-surgical-treatment
#9
Nikolay Travin, Yury Shevchenko
We present historical, epidemiological, and statistical data on heart echinococcosis (also known as hydatid disease) and concomitant lesions of different organs, as well as a demonstration of its surgical management. The diagnosis of heart echinococcosis is based on review and identification of the cyst and we evaluate the various common diagnostic methods. Surgical treatment of patients with heart echinococcosis may require cardiopulmonary bypass or may be an off-pump procedure depending on the location of the cysts...
September 26, 2017: Multimedia Manual of Cardiothoracic Surgery: MMCTS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279091/molecular-genotyping-of-echinococcus-granulosus-in-the-north-of-iraq
#10
Salam Jumaah Hammad, Serena Cavallero, Giovanni Luigi Milardi, Simona Gabrielli, Stefano D Amelio, Fatima Shihab Al-Nasiri
Cystic echinococcosis/hydatidosis is an important cosmopolitan zoonotic disease that causes large economic losses and human suffering. The larval stages of Echinococcus granulosus are the etiological agents of cystic echinococcosis that showed different genotypes in different regions in the world. The present study was aimed at the detection of E. granulosus strains circulating in two cities from north of Iraq (Kirkuk and Sulaimania). A total of 47 specimens of hydatid cysts were collected from patients and from different domestic intermediate hosts including cattle, sheep, goat and buffalo from slaughterhouses...
January 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259374/improved-experimental-model-of-hepatic-cystic-hydatid-disease-resembling-natural-infection-route-with-stable-growing-dynamics-and-immune-reaction
#11
Rui-Qing Zhang, Xin-Hua Chen, Hao Wen
AIM: To investigate a safer way to set up the disease model of cystic echinococcosis without contamination risk and develop a novel experimental murine model of hepatic cystic echinococcosis. METHODS: C57B/6 mice were injected with human protoscolices of three different concentrations via the portal vein. The mice were followed for 10 mo by ultrasound, gross anatomy, and pathological and immunological examinations. The protoscolex migration in the portal vein, hydatid cyst growth, host immune reaction, and hepatic histopathology were examined periodically...
December 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239344/percutaneous-ultrasonography-guided-nephroscopic-evacuation-of-hydatid-cyst-in-posterior-segment-of-liver
#12
Abha Gune, Ravi Thapar, Roy Patankar, S K Mathur
Hydatid disease commonly affects liver and treatment of choice is surgery. Ultrasound examination is helpful to diagnose, classify and plan management of the cyst. Surgical treatment is done using a conventional open technique or minimal access technique. We report our experience of using ultrasound-guided percutaneous nephroscopic approach to treat liver hydatid cyst.
January 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228589/comparison-of-echinococcus-multilocularis-and-echinococcus-granulosus-hydatid-fluid-proteome-provides-molecular-strategies-for-specialized-host-parasite-interactions
#13
Chun-Seob Ahn, Jeong-Geun Kim, Xiumin Han, Insug Kang, Yoon Kong
Alveolar and cystic echinococcoses, caused by the metacestodes of Echinococcus multilocularis and E. granulosus, are prevalent in several regions and invoke deleterious zoonotic helminthiases. Hydatid fluid (HF), which contains proteinaceous and non-proteinaceous secretions of the parasite- and host-derived components, critically affects the host-parasite interplay and disease progression. We conducted HF proteome profiling of fully mature E. multilocularis vesicle (nine months postinfection) and E. granulosus cyst (stage 2)...
November 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228529/efficacy-of-bronchial-washing-and-brushing-cytology-in-the-diagnosis-of-non-neoplastic-lung-diseases
#14
Rahil Giti, Massood Hosseinzadeh
Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy is often the initial technique for diagnosis of lung and bronchial tumors. Many studies have shown the high accuracy rate of bronchial washing and brushing cytology in the evaluation of neoplastic and non-neoplastic bronchopulmonary lesions. The aim of this study is to emphasize the value of the bronchial cytologic findings for diagnosis of non-neoplastic bronchopulmonary lesions. In a cross-sectional study, we retrieved all cases with bronchial washing and brushing cytology from 21 Mach 2014 to 21 December 2015...
October 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225737/comparison-of-seldinger-and-trocar-techniques-in-the-percutaneous-treatment-of-hydatid-cysts
#15
Hilal Gülsüm Turan, Mustafa Özdemir, Ruşen Acu, Fahrettin Küçükay, Fatma Ayça Edis Özdemir, Baki Hekimoğlu, Utku Mahir Yıldırım
AIM: To comparatively evaluate Seldinger and Trocar techniques in the percutaneous treatment of hydatid disease. METHODS: Trocar and Seldinger techniques were used for 49 and 56 cysts, respectively, among 106 hydatid cysts in 88 patients. The number of males and females were 22 and 66, respectively with a mean age of 44.9 years (range, 15-87). Follow-up studies included cyst diameter, cyst contents, and morphological changes in the cyst wall, local recurrence, and secondary invasion, using ultrasound, computerized tomography and chest X-rays...
November 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218210/primary-hydatid-disease-of-the-axilla-presenting-as-a-cystic-mass
#16
Mehmet Tolga Kafadar, İsmail Çetinkaya
Hydatid cysts is most often characterized by hepatic and pulmonary involvement, but it also rarely involves other body parts and systems. Axillary involvement by hydatid cysts is considerably rare in countries with endemic hydatid cyst manifestation, and cases from countries like Turkey are still widely reported. A young woman aged 24 years was seen at our clinic for a painful axillary mass. She was detected by a thoracoabdominal tomographic examination to have a localized multilocular cystic mass in her left axillary region; the mass showed little soft tissue invasion at its periphery but no hepatic or pulmonary involvement at all...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209615/simultaneous-hepatic-and-mesenteric-hydatid-disease-a-case-report
#17
Daniel Paramythiotis, Anestis Karakatsanis, Petros Bangeas, Konstantinia Kofina, Vassileios Papadopoulos, Stylianos Apostolidis, Antonios Michalopoulos
Introduction: Hydatid cysts most commonly present in the liver and the lungs; however, they can appear more rarely in other locations, such as the mesentery, with a rather unclear mechanism of manifestation. Herein, we present a case of simultaneous presence of hydatid cysts in the liver and the mesentery of a young man. Case report: A 39-year-old man was referred to our Department for further investigation of intermittent abdominal pain, especially in the right upper quadrant, and abdominal distension...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204236/hydatid-cyst-presented-as-a-subcutaneous-thigh-mass
#18
Leyla Acu, Berat Acu, Rusen Acu, S Ahmet Sahin
Hydatid disease is an endemic zoonosis, and patients are generally from cattle- and sheep-raising regions of the world, such as Central Europe, the Mediterranean, the Middle East, China, South America, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and Russia (Lewall and McCorkell in Radiology 155:773-775, 1985). Furthermore, hydatid cyst is a disease of immigrants in non-endemic countries and in developed countries (Stojkovic et al. in PLoS Negl Trop Dis 6:e1880, 2012). The most common affected organs are liver and lungs...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184259/isolated-peritoneal-mesenteric-and-omental-hydatid-cyst-a-clinicopathologic-narrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Bita Geramizadeh
Hydatid disease (HD) is caused by Echinococcus granulosus and is endemic in many parts of the world. This parasitic tapeworm can produce cysts in almost every organ of the body, with the liver and lung being the most frequently targeted organs. Peritoneum, omentum, and mesentery are among these unusual locations, which can cause diagnostic challenge and treatment delay. This review provides information on the reported cases of the peritoneal, omental, and mesenteric hydatid cyst in the world during the last 20 years...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181347/pelvic-hydatid-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#20
Nishit Bhatnagar, Hari Kishan, Sumit Sura, Purushotham Lingaiah, Kameshwaran Jaikumar
Introduction: Cystic echinococcosis of the bone is rare and difficult to treat due to frequent recurrences, especially in certain locations such as ilium and hip, where radical surgery is difficult to achieve. Case Report: We present a case of a 35-year-old female of the Indian subcontinent who had complaints of pain in left hip and limp since 1 year. The first clinical and radiological diagnosis was tuberculosis of the hip. However, higher imaging modalities revealed the diagnosis of hydatid disease of hip...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
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