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Hydatid disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646741/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antihydatid-activity-of-a-nano-emulsion-of-zataria-multiflora-essential-oil
#1
Mohammad Moazeni, Hassan Borji, Meysam Saboor Darbandi, Mohammad Jamal Saharkhiz
In in vitro process of this study, protoscoleces of the hydatid cysts were exposed to two concentrations of nano emulsion (NE) of Zataria multiflora essential oil (ZMEO) (1 and 2mg/mL) for 10 and 20min. Viability of protoscoleces was confirmed using 0.1% eosin staining. For in vivo studies, sixteen laboratory mice were infected intraperitoneally by 1500 live protoscoleces. Five months after infection, the infected mice were divided into treatment and control groups. The mice of treatment group received the NE of ZMEO (20mg/kg) orally via their drinking water while the mice of control group received no treatment...
June 15, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630383/balb-c-mice-immunity-to-hydatidosis-induced-by-in-vitro-reared-echinococcus-granulosus-adult-worm-antigens
#2
Hamid Reza Rahimi, Tahereh Mohammadzadeh, Seyed Mahmoud Sadjjadi, Bahador Sarkari, Farzaneh Zahabiun
BACKGROUND: Echinococcosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus. Several native and recombinant antigens, derived from different stages of E. granulosus life cycle, have been used for vaccine trials. In vitro reared adult worms are good candidates for vaccination as they do not produce fertile egg/s and do not have any risk of contamination for researchers. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate different antigens derived from in vitro reared E...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Immunology: IJI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615839/epidemiological-and-clinical-aspects-of-patients-with-hydatid-cyst-in-iran
#3
Mahmood Moosazadeh, Ghasem Abedi, Seif Ali Mahdavi, Jalil Shojaee, Ali Charkame, Mahdi Afshari
Hydatid cyst is one of the most common Zoonotic diseases occurs due to infection with larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus parasite. Based on epidemiological reasons, World Health Organization has introduced Iran as a hyperendemic region. This study aims to investigate the clinico-epidemiological characteristics of patients with hydatid cyst in Iran. We used information registered in the surveillance system of the Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education attributed to Mazandaran province. Data were entered into SPSS software V...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607884/rigid-bronchoscopic-placement-of-fogarty-catheter-as-a-bronchial-blocker-for-one-lung-isolation-and-ventilation-in-infants-and-children-undergoing-thoracic-surgery-a-single-institution-experience-of-27-cases
#4
Sunil Kant Kamra, Ashwin Ashok Jaiswal, Amrish Kumar Garg, Manoj Kumar Mohanty
One-lung ventilation (OLV) is a challenging task in infants and children as few techniques are possible because of narrow anatomy. The aim of this study is to evaluate and experience lung isolation with Fogarty catheters as a bronchial blocker placed by rigid bronchoscope for OLV in infants and children with lung pathologies requiring surgical management in an industrial hospital. This study is a prospective study carried out in J.L.N. Hospital and Research Centre, Bhilai (CG), from January 2011 to December 2014...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607793/the-case-of-reactive-arthritis-secondary-to-echinococcus-infestation
#5
Bülent Alım, Sinan Çetinel, M Alperen Servi, Fahrettin Bostancı, Mehmet Ozan Bingöl
Reactive arthritis is an inflammatory joint disease that develops after an infection and it usually occurs following a gastrointestinal or genitourinary system infection and it belongs to the family of arthritis called "spondyloarthritis." We wanted to represent a rare case of reactive arthritis secondary to Echinococcus infestation. Cyst hydatid disease is common in endemic regions like Turkey. Internal organ involvements, especially liver and lung, are most frequent involvements. Primary bone involvement is rare complication of Echinococcus infestation...
2017: Case Reports in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599696/primary-sacral-hydatid-cyst-causing-cutaneous-fistula
#6
Volkan Murat Unal, Nail Ozdemir, Ali Karadag, Serdar Oguzoglu, Haydar Celik
Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis are the causes of hydatid disease and the main characteristic is endemic. Generally, it affects the liver and lungs. Spinal hydatidosis accounts for less than 1% of the cases. Vertebral hydatidosis is usually silent and a slowly progressive disease with a long latent period. Another rare form is the primary sacral hydatid cyst. Generally, patients suffer from back pain and neural compression symptoms. A 43-year woman was admitted with left leg pain and a fluid leakage from a cutaneous fistula on the left hip...
May 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597682/a-bronchobiliary-fistula-due-to-giant-hydatid-cyst
#7
Marcello Di Martino, Claudio Laganá, Jesús Delgado Valdueza, Elena Martín-Pérez
Intrathoracic rupture of hydatid cyst of the liver is a rare but severe complication of echinococcal disease. It represent a serious condition responsible for lesions at 3 levels: hepatic, diaphragmatic, and pulmonary. Early diagnosis and management of septic associated complications are essential. We present the case of a 55 year old female patient with a giant hydatid cyst type CE 2 based on WHO Classification, communicating with the biliary tree and with a massive extension to the right hemithorax.
June 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584847/acute-appendicitis-caused-by-an-echinococcal-brood-capsule-unmasks-an-asymptomatic-hepatic-hydatid-cyst
#8
Krishnendu Mondal, Rupali Mandal
Hydatidosis is an endemic helminthic disease in the cattle-grazing regions of Asia. It is usually caused by the cestode Echinococcus granulosus. Internal organs, particularly the liver and lungs, are predominantly affected, but the appendix is only rarely involved with the formation of characteristic hydatid cyst. We present a unique case of appendiceal hydatidosis in an 18-year-old woman with acute appendicitis. Her preoperative abdominal ultrasound revealed an asymptomatic hydatid cyst in the liver. An echinococcal brood capsule was detected postoperatively within the appendicular lumen under microscope...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559529/tubercular-infection-of-hydatid-cyst
#9
Tushar Patial, Gopal Singh, Digvijay Thakur, Sahil Chaddha
Tubercular infection of hydatid cyst of the chest wall in an immunocompetent individual is rare. Immune modulation for symbiosis between host cells and the parasite - Echinococcus granulosus favors tubercular infection. In this case report, we describe a case of both these chronic diseases coexisting together, to present as chest wall mass.
April 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554702/-cardiac-hydatid-cyst-about-17%C3%A2-operated-cases
#10
A Bakkali, I Jaabari, H Bouhdadi, R Razine, N Bennani Mechita, J El Harrag, A Belkhadir, C Benlafqih, M Laaroussi
Cardiac hydatid cyst is a rare parasitic disease. The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical, pathological features and the outcome of the surgical treatment of cardiac hydatid disease in our unit over a twenty-year period. METHODS: Between May 1994 and May 2014, seventeen cases of cardiac hydatid cysts were operated at our unit. Overall, twelve patients were male (mean age 25±13years). All patients were complaining of dyspnea and 71% presented with chest pain. The diagnosis, based on histological examination, was suspected on echocardiography and computed tomography of chest...
May 26, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533856/-hydatid-cyst-of-the-posterior-fossa
#11
Abderrazzak El Saqui, Mohamed Aggouri, Mohamed Benzagmout, Khaled Chakour, Mohamed El Faizchaoui
Hydatidosis is an endemic affection in Morocco. Cerebral echinococcosis is a relatively rare entity accounting for only 1-2% of all hydatid cysts in humans. hydatid cyst of the posterior fossa is a very uncommon site for the disease. We report the case of a 12 year-old child admitted for high intracranial pressure. Brain CT scan showed a posterior fossa cyst without enhancement after contrast medium injection. Operative finding revealed a hydatid cyst. The histological examination of the tissue sample confirmed the diagnosis...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531871/echinococcosis-mimicking-liver-malignancy-a-case-report
#12
Radek Pohnan, Miroslav Ryska, Vladislav Hytych, Radek Matej, Petr Hrabal, Jiri Pudil
INTRODUCTION: Human Alveolar Echinococcosis - Alveolar Hydatid disease (AE) is an omitted zoonotic infection presenting with focal liver lesions. Cause of AE is a larval stage of Echinococcus multilocularis tapeworms. CASE PRESENTATION: In this report an extraordinary case of a 38 year-old female examined due to 2 liver tumors and 2 pulmonary nodules is described. The patient underwent pulmonary and liver surgery for suspected advanced cholangiocellular carcinoma and surprisingly AE was found...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530073/-red-herring-complaints-in-an-eighteen-years-old-female-with-a-hydatid-cyst-of-the-lung
#13
Nasser Nadim
Brain and eye hydatid cysts are early symptomatic, as opposed to those developing in other organs, including lungs, where they remain asymptomatic through adolescence, even to adulthood, due to their slow growth. Hence, discovering that patients have lung hydatid cyst occurs, frequently, during random chest imaging. Up to thirty percent of pulmonary echinococcal cysts may rupture spontaneously, after chest or abdominal trauma. The main lung hydatidosis complaints, such as dyspnea and chest pain, are caused by the reduction of the functional area of the lung, expectoration of the tapeworm cystoides into the bronchial tree, or by compression of surrounding structures...
November 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526521/coexistence-of-aspergilloma-and-pulmonary-hydatid-cyst-in-an-immunocompetent-individual
#14
F Aala, H Badali, S Hashemi Fesharaki, M Boroumand, M Sotoudeh Anvari, H Davari, S Agha Kuchak Afshari, S Khodavaisy
Echinococcosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato. The liver and lungs are the most commonly sites of infections, but involvements of other organs were also observed. Recently, the coinfection of pulmonary hydatid cyst with aspergilloma has been reported in the literature. Herein, we report a successful treatment of coinfection of cystic echinoccosis with aspergilloma due to Aspergillus flavus in a 34-year-old female. In vitro antifungal susceptibility tests revealed that the MIC values for antifungals employed in this case were posaconazole (0...
May 16, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507413/prevalence-of-echinococcosis-and-taenia-hydatigena-cysticercosis-in-slaughtered-small-ruminants-at-the-livestock-wildlife-interface-areas-of-ngorongoro-tanzania
#15
M B Miran, A A Kasuku, E S Swai
AIM: Echinococcosis or hydatidosis (due to the larval stage of Echinococcus spp.) and cysticercosis (due to the larval stage of Taenia hydatigena) pose a significant economic losses due to slaughter condemnation and risk to public health in developing countries such as Tanzania where sanitation is poor and people live in close proximity with each other and with animals. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of and to identify the predisposing factors for echinococcosis and cysticercosis in sheep and goats at three slaughter slabs located in the livestock-wildlife interface areas of Ngorongoro, Tanzania...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503283/cryptogenic-hepatitis-simulating-cyst-rupture-and-hydatid-jaundice-in-a-patient-with-preexisting-asymptomatic-hydatid-cyst
#16
Ulas Aday, Cuneyt Kayaalp, Murat Kapan
BACKGROUND: Rupture into the biliary ducts is the most frequent complication of hydatid liver disease. In endemic areas of Echinococcus granulosus, development of jaundice in a patient with liver cyst is initially suspected to have hydatid cyst. CASE PRESENTATION: A 48 year-old woman with history of asymptomatic hydatid liver cysts was admitted to the emergency department with right upper quadrant abdominal pain, increased levels of liver enzymes, bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase and the initial clinical diagnosis was the hydatid cyst rupture into the bile ducts...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495458/demonstration-of-a-bronchobiliary-fistula-using-magnetic-resonance-image-with-hepatospecific-contrast-agent
#17
S Baleato-González, C Vieira-Leite, A M Alvárez-Castro, R García-Figueiras
Bronchobiliary fistulas are a rare entity of difficult diagnosis. The utility of magnetic resonance image (MRI) with hepatospecific contrast agents to demonstrate such condition is seldom described in the literature. This case reports a patient with pulmonary infection with a past history of hepatic surgery for hydatid disease in whom the presence of bile in the sputum rose the suspicious of a bronchobiliary fistula. MRI with hepatospecific contrast agents showed the communication between the biliary and bronchial tree and provided anatomic data to allow a therapeutic approach...
May 8, 2017: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493801/imaging-of-hydatid-disease-with-a-focus-on-extrahepatic-involvement
#18
Eugenio Zalaquett, Christine Menias, Francisco Garrido, Matías Vargas, José Francisco Olivares, Daniel Campos, Natalia Pinochet, Antonio Luna, Nirvikar Dahiya, Álvaro Huete
Hydatid disease (HD) is a parasitic infection caused by the larvae of a tapeworm that is endemic to many regions around the world-South America, Africa, and Asia, in particular. Humans are infected as intermediate hosts in the parasite's life cycle; thus, HD can be seen in persons living in areas where animal husbandry is practiced. However, owing to the varied patterns of migration and immigration during the past several decades, HD can be diagnosed in individuals living anywhere. The liver is the most common organ involved, with hepatic HD accounting for the majority of published cases...
May 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492796/a-concomitant-intramyocardial-and-pulmonary-hydatid-cyst-a-rare-case-report
#19
Harsh Sateesh Seth, Prashant Mishra, Jayant V Khandekar, Chaitanya Raut, Chandan Kumar Ray Mohapatra, Ganesh Kumar K Ammannaya
Cardiac hydatid cyst is an uncommon but potentially fatal disease. In cystic Echinococcus humans are an accidental host. Liver and lungs are the most frequently involved organs. Herein a unique case of intramyocardial hydatid cyst of left ventricle along with pulmonary hydatid cyst in a 38-year-old lady is reported. Surgical removal of the cardiac hydatid cyst was done with the aid of cardiopulmonary bypass followed by removal of pulmonary hydatid cyst.
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484564/hydatid-cysts-in-the-right-temporalis-muscle-an-exceptional-clinical-scenario
#20
Sanjeev Attry, Raghavendra Nayak, S K Saha, S N Ghosh
Hydatid diseases is a parasitic infestation of human and herbivorous animals caused by a cestode, Echinococcus granulosus, which resides in the intestine of definitive hosts like dogs and some wild carnivores like foxes. Liver and lung are commonly involved organs and involvement of muscles and bones is very unusual. Hydatid cyst of the temporalis muscle is extremely rare, even in the countries where echinococcal infestation is endemic. We report a case of 23-year-old female patient with a cystic swelling in the right temporalis muscle which turned out to be hydatid cysts...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
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