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Hydatid disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807340/unusual-locations-of-hydatid-disease-a-10-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-reference-center-in-western-turkey
#1
Eylul Gun, Demet Etit, Dilara O Buyuktalanci, Fulya Cakalagaoglu
INTRODUCTION: Hydatid disease is an endemic parasitic infection caused by Echinococcus granulosus mostly seen in the Mediterranean countries. The most affected organ is the liver, however hydatidosis can be found anywhere in the human body. METHODS: The records of patients who were diagnosed with hydatid disease in our hospital from December 2005 to February 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. The cases were evaluated and recorded depending on their gender, age and the localization of the cysts...
August 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761493/gluteal-hydatid-cyst-report-of-a-case-from-iran
#2
Behzad Nemati Hona, Farbod Emami Yeganeh
Hydatid cyst involves both hard and soft tissues even without the evidence of the disease in liver or lungs; however, this manifestation is very rare, particularly in musculoskeletal regions). The current report describes a case with primary diagnose of cystic gluteal swelling leading to diagnose of hydatid cyst after surgical exploration in an 80-yr-old woman the Surgical Outpatient Department, Imam Hossein Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. During surgery, the cavity was washed by silver nitrate and the cyst content was appropriately evacuated...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761474/cystic-echinococcosis-a-rare-case-of-brain-localization
#3
Ali Baradan Bagheri, Mohammad Zibaei, Mehdi Tayebi Arasteh
Although Hydatid disease eradicated in many countries, it is still widespread in communities where agriculture is dominant. Cystic hydatidosis is significant public health problem in the regions with endemic echinococcosis. The hydatid cysts tend to form mostly in the liver or lung. Brain involvement is very rare. In the present report, we describe magnetic resonance imaging findings in an 18-yr-old male with cerebral echinococcosis, in Shahid Madani Hospital, Karaj, Iran in 2015. The patient, presented with headache, hemiparesis, impairment of speech, vomiting, and nausea...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761236/primary-renal-echinococcosis
#4
Vishal V Ramteke, Nishant S Deshpande, Manish R Balwani, Charulata P Bawankule
Echinococcosis is a parasitic infection caused by the larval stage of a cestode Echinococcus granulosus and is endemic in sheep farming regions of developing countries. It manifests as hydatid cyst and most commonly is found in liver followed by lungs. Renal hydatid cyst is rare and amounts for 2% of all cases. There are no specific clinical manifestations, and hence diagnosis of renal hydatid disease is missed out easily without imaging. We report a case of 50-year-old female who had 6 months history of lower abdominal pain with hematuria, found to have right renal hydatid cyst on imaging which was treated with right nephrectomy with pre- and post-operative albendazole treatment...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754885/computed-tomography-ct-findings-of-pulmonary-hydatid-cysts-in-children-and-the-factors-related-to-cyst-rupture
#5
Cihan Akgul Ozmen, Serdar Onat
BACKGROUND The lungs are the most common site of hydatid cysts in children. Rupture is the main complication of cysts causing morbidity and mortality. In this study we aimed to comprehensively describe the CT signs for cysts and analyze the relationship of cyst ruptures to the diameter and location of cyst. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 145 cysts from 102 patients, aged 17 years or younger, who underwent a multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) evaluation and had surgically proven pulmonary hydatid disease were included retrospectively...
July 29, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740839/primary-pelvic-hydatid-cyst-in-a-postmenopausal-female-a-surgical-challenge
#6
Sayanti Paul, Saumen Mandal, Mansi Upadhyaya, Sumit Ranjan Pramanik, Subhas Chandra Biswas, Ranu Roy Biswas
Primary pelvic hydatid cysts are a rare entity and are often overlooked as a differential diagnosis of a pelvic-space-occupying lesion particularly in non-endemic regions. Unpreparedness and a hasty decision on the surgical approach may end in life-threatening complications and systemic dissemination of the disease. We report the case of a 55-year-old postmenopausal woman with a history of two previous unsuccessful surgeries to remove pelvic cystic lesions due to dense adhesions between the surrounding gut wall, bladder, and the cyst wall...
April 2017: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725301/review-of-infectious-etiology-of-acute-pancreatitis
#7
REVIEW
Prashanth Rawla, Sathyajit S Bandaru, Anantha R Vellipuram
While gallstones and alcoholism are widely known to be the most common causative agents of acute pancreatitis, about 10% of cases are thought to be caused by infectious microorganisms. These microorganisms include viruses (e.g. mumps, Coxsackie B, and hepatitis), bacteria (e.g. Mycoplasma pneumoniae and leptospirosis), and parasites (e.g. Ascaris lumbricoides, Fasciola hepatica, and hydatid disease). Each organism causes acute pancreatitis through diverse mechanisms. The review is primarily conducted in an attempt to provide a better understanding of the possibility of acute pancreatitis presenting as a complication relating to these organisms, and the aim is to guide future diagnoses, management, and predictions of complications...
June 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725269/musculoskeletal-echinococcus-infection-as-a-rare-first-presentation-of-hydatid-disease-case-report
#8
A Marzouki, A Naam, S Abdulrazak, B Soumaré, K Lahrach, F Boutayeb
BACKGROUND: Hydatid disease (HD) is a cosmopolitan parasitosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus that can potentially affect any part of the human body. Liver and lungs are the most frequent localizations. Primary musculoskeletal hydatidosis are seldom reported in literature and their incidence is unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: We deem interesting to report a case of a primary hydatid cyst in a 25-year-old patient who presented with a painful swelling of the right elbow...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721526/genetic-characterization-of-human-hydatid-cysts-shows-coinfection-by-echinococcus-canadensis-g7-and-echinococcus-granulosus-sensu-stricto-g1-in-argentina
#9
María Florencia Debiaggi, Silvia Viviana Soriano, Nora Beatriz Pierangeli, Lorena Evelina Lazzarini, Luis Alfredo Pianciola, Melina Leonor Mazzeo, Sergio Moguillansky, Juan Angel Basualdo Farjat
Human cystic echinococcosis caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.) is a highly endemic disease in the province of Neuquén, Patagonia, Argentina. Human infections with E. granulosus sensu stricto (s.s.) G1 and Echinococcus canadensis G6 were reported in Neuquén in previous studies, whereas four genotypes were identified in livestock: G1, G3, G6, and G7. The aim of this study was to identify the genotypes of E. granulosus s.l. isolates from humans of Neuquén province, Patagonia, Argentina, through the 2005-2014 period...
July 18, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717581/detection-of-echinococcus-granulosus-antigen-by-a-quantum-dot-porous-silicon-optical-biosensor
#10
Yanyu Li, Zhenhong Jia, Guodong Lv, Hao Wen, Peng Li, Hongyan Zhang, Jiajia Wang
Highly sensitive labeled detection of Echinococcus granulosus using colloidal quantum dots (QDs) based on a porous silicon Bragg mirror sensor are demonstrated. Rabbit anti-p38 labeled CdSe/ZnS QDs was infiltrated in porous silicon pores immobilized Egp38 antigen. QD-antibodies are specifically bound to antigens linked covalently to the pore walls of PSi after the immune reaction. By the design of the transfer matrix method and the preparation of the electrochemical etching method, the fluorescence peak wavelength of the quantum dots is located in the forbidden band of the Bragg mirror...
July 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701858/early-experience-in-starting-a-laparoscopic-liver-resection-program-in-greece
#11
Georgios C Sotiropoulos, Nikolaos Machairas, Ioannis D Kostakis, Paraskevas Stamopoulos, Petros Charalampoudis, Stylianos Kykalos, Gregory Kouraklis, Dimitrios Mantas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic liver resections (LLRs) have gained wider acceptance during the decade as safe and efficient procedures in the management of several benign and malignant diseases when performed by experienced surgeons. We report our initial institutional experience with LLRs performed by 1 certified hepatobiliary surgeon. METHODS: Patients undergoing LLRs by 1 senior hepatobiliary surgeon in our Institution during the period from January 2012 through January 2017 were prospectively sampled and retrospectively analyzed for the purposes of this study...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700426/coexisting-primary-ovarian-and-omental-hydatid-disease-mimicking-an-ovarian-neoplasm-a-case-report
#12
Emre E Tas, Gulin F Yegin Akcay, Fatma Yildirim, Filiz Yavuz
Hydatid disease is a parasitic infection that most commonly affects the liver and lungs, although the disease can arise in any part of the body. Cysts may mimic many benign and malignant conditions. The diagnosis cannot be confirmed preoperatively in all cases. A 44-yr-old menopausal woman was admitted to the department of gynecology with complaints of abdominal distention. A fixed abdominopelvic mass was identified. Radiology revealed a 20-cm mass with branched septations and solid components. CA-125 level was 55 kU/L, and Risk of Malignancy Index-2 score was 880...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695838/ruptured-pulmonary-cystic-echinococcosis-mimicking-tuberculosis-in-childhood-a-case-report
#13
Elif Ünver Korğalı, Meriç Kaymak Cihan, Özgür Ceylan, Melih Kaptanoğlu
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic disease; in places such as Turkey where livestock is common, it is an endemic health concern. The most commonly involved organ is the lungs in children. Pulmonary cysts can be asymptomatic; in some cases, they may rupture and become symptomatic. Ruptured lung hydatid cysts may often be confused with tuberculosis (Tbc) radiologically and clinically. . In this report, we present an 8-year-old female patient admitted with cough, fever, and sputum persisting since 2 weeks; her chest radiography and computed tomography (CT) findings initially indicated Tbc, but the follow-up surgery led to a diagnosis of ruptured lung CE...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694639/primary-paraspinal-hydatidosis-causing-acute-paraplegia
#14
Srihari Sridharan, G S Jagan Narayana, Kalyanasundarabharathi Chidambaram, Anand Prasath Jayachandiran
The zoonotic infection hydatidosis is caused by the tapeworm cestode, Echinococcus granulosus. Though considered endemic in India where association of humans with sheep and dogs form part of the livelihood, primary skeletal muscle involvement of the disease is an extremely rare event. We report a case of primary paraspinal hydatidosis with extradural extension causing acute paraplegia. Excision of the cyst and decompression of the cord was done along with albendazole therapy. Paraspinal hydatid disease is a rare entity, and in regions where hydatid disease is endemic, it can be involved in the differential diagnosis of acute compressive myelopathy...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694603/hydatid-disease-of-the-spine-a-rare-case
#15
Mona Agnihotri, Naina Goel, Asha Shenoy, Survendra Rai, Atul Goel
Hydatid disease or hydatidosis is the most widespread zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Liver and lungs are the most common sites. Bone involvement is rare and reported in 0.5%-4% with spinal involvement reported in 50% of these cases. We present a case of spinal hydatidosis in a 35-year-old male presenting with lower extremity weakness and numbness. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine showed multiple cystic lesions at the T9-T11 level with involvement of the paraspinal muscles. The lesion was seen intraspinal, intradural, intramedullary, and epidural...
April 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690729/-unusual-location-of-multiple-hydatidosis-pancreatic-and-pelvic-about-a-case
#16
Lamyae Amro, Saloua El Fadili, Hind Serhane, Hafsa Sajiai, Salma Ait Batahar
Hydatid cyst is an infectious disease which is quite frequent in Morocco. Pelvic and pancreatic locations of this parasitic infection are rare, namely exceptional. We report the case of a 66-year old patient who was operated for liver hydatic cyst 6 years before, presenting for chest pain associated with hydatidoptysis. Chest X-ray objectified left hydropneumothorax. Thoraco-abdominopelvic CT showed mediastinal liquid mass as well as multiple hepatic, pancreatic (isthmus), pelvic and left under diaphragmatic cystic lesions...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683329/abdominal-wall-hydatid-cyst-a-review-a-literature-with-a-case-report
#17
Abdulwahid M Salih, F H Kakamad, Zuhair D Hammood, Bzhwen Yasin, Dilshad M Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: Hydatid cyst (HC) disease is a serious health problem in endemic areas. It is a parasitic infection that commonly involves liver and lungs while muscular HC is rare. HC of abdominal wall was reported only six times. We reported a 39-year-old male presented with HC of the right loin who was managed surgically with brief literature review. CONCLUSION: HC should be put in the differential diagnosis of the abdominal wall masses. Its pre-operative diagnosis is important to prevent rupture with subsequent anaphylaxis and recurrence...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680601/liver-hydatid-cyst-with-cutaneous-fistulization-to-the-right-breast-a-case-report-management-and-literature-review
#18
Mansour El Khoury, Antoine El Asmar, Wissam Dib, Elie Creidi, Madeleine Yehia, Imad Hajj
Echinococcus granulosus is the most common tapeworm causing hydatid disease in humans. Its least-encountered complication is cutaneous fistulization. Omentoplasty, cyst, and fistulous tract drainage revealed successful in the management of this complication. Such intervention can be an alternative when conservative management fails, and a minimally aggressive procedure is required.
July 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678921/identification-of-ige-and-igg1-specific-antigens-in-echinococcus-granulosus-cyst-fluid
#19
S Li, R Qian, S Wang, J Ye, H Zheng
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is an anthropozoonotic disease with worldwide distribution and is caused by the cestode Echinococcus granulosus. Anaphylactic shock induced by CE rupture is a serious complication especially in patients with hydatid infections, as the resulting leakage of fluid contains highly toxic endogenous antigen. We aimed to isolate and identify the antigens of specific IgE and IgG1 (sIgE and sIgG1) in E. granulosus cyst fluid (EgCF). Crude antigen for EgCF was prepared from E. granulosus-infected sheep liver...
July 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666492/a-novel-technique-for-detection-and-suturing-of-biliary-fistula-in-a-giant-hydatid-cyst-video-assisted-biliary-fistula-suturing-in-hydatid-cyst
#20
Ali Ezer, Alper Parlakgumus
Hydatid disease remains an important health problem in endemic areas; and by the way of travel and immigration, it can also be encountered in non-endemic areas. The most common cases with complications following hydatid liver surgeries are biliary fistulas with a frequency of 14.6 - 27.5%. Postoperative biliary leakage is generally due to unnoticed biliary tract communications. It is technically difficult to determine and suture the biliary fistulas, particulary for deep located ones with giant cavities for patients with high body mass index...
November 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
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