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Hydatid disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160912/low-sensitivity-and-frequent-cross-reactions-in-commercially-available-antibody-detection-elisa-assays-for-taenia-solium-cysticercosis
#1
Hector H Garcia, Yesenia Castillo, Isidro Gonzales, Javier A Bustos, Herbert Saavedra, Louis Jacob, Oscar H Del Brutto, Patricia P Wilkins, Armando E Gonzalez, Robert H Gilman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of two commercially available ELISA kits, Novalisa(®) and Ridascreen(®) , for the detection of antibodies to Taenia solium, compared to serological diagnosis of neurocysticercosis (NCC) by LLGP-EITB (electro immunotransfer blot assay using lentil-lectin purified glycoprotein antigens). METHODS: Archive serum samples from patients with viable NCC (n=45) or resolved, calcified NCC (n=45), as well as sera from patients with other cestode parasites (hymenolepiasis, n=45, and cystic hydatid disease, n=45), were evaluated for cysticercosis antibody detection using two ELISA kits, Novalisa(®) and Ridascreen(®) ...
November 21, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143119/infectious-and-non-infectious-diseases-causing-the-air-crescent-sign-a-state-of-the-art-review
#2
REVIEW
Joyce Betta Sevilha, Rosana Souza Rodrigues, Miriam Menna Barreto, Gláucia Zanetti, Bruno Hochhegger, Edson Marchiori
Aspergilloma, also known as mycetoma or fungus ball, is characterized by a round or oval mass with soft-tissue attenuation within a preexisting lung cavity. The typical computed tomography (CT) aspect of an aspergilloma is a mass separated from the wall of the cavity by an airspace of variable size and shape, resulting in the air crescent sign, also known as the meniscus sign. This CT feature is non-specific and can be simulated by several other entities that result in intracavitary masses. This review describes the main clinical and imaging aspects of the infectious and non-infectious diseases that may present with fungus-ball appearance, including pulmonary hydatid cyst, Rasmussen aneurysm, pulmonary gangrene, intracavitary clot, textiloma, lung cancer, metastasis, and teratoma, focusing on the differential diagnosis...
November 15, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114488/seroprevalence-of-human-cystic-echinococcosis-from-north-india-2004-2015
#3
Kamran Zaman, Abhishek Mewara, Sunil Kumar, Kapil Goyal, Sumeeta Khurana, Praveen Tripathi, Rakesh Sehgal
Context: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) caused by Echinococcus granulosus is a disease of a significant burden in India. The World Health Organization recommends the use of hospital data for population surveillance to measure the prevalence of CE. Aim: The aim of this study was to estimate the seroprevalence of CE and to compare with previous prevalence rates to estimate the changing pattern in seroprevalence of CE. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of laboratory data of 3929 clinically and/or radiologically suspected cases of CE was carried out for 12 years from 2004 to 2015 and compared to the previous data from 1984 to 2003...
July 2017: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114148/the-enzymes-and-electrolytes-profiles-in-hydatid-cyst-fluid-of-naturally-infected-iranian-domestic-ruminants
#4
Mohammad Yakhchali, Siamak Asri-Rezaie, Saeid Samimirad, Hadi Rezaie
Cystic echinoccoccosis is a zoonotic and prevalent disease which causes health problems and economic looses worldwide. The biochemical components of hydatid cyst fluid (HCF) have important role in metabolism and growth of unilocular hydatid cyst. The aim of the current study was to determine HCF level of enzymes and electrolytes profiles in naturally infected Iranian domestic ruminants. The livers and lungs infected with hydatid cysts were collected and HCF was aspirated from a total of 100 cysts obtained from livers (50 cysts) and lungs (50 cysts) of slaughtered domestic ruminants...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114140/analysis-of-hospital-records-of-children-with-hydatid-cyst-in-south-of-iran
#5
Anahita Sanaei Dashti, Mohammad Rahim Kadivar, Abdolvahab Alborzi, Esmaeel Sadeghi, Gholam Reza Pouladfar, Neda Bagherian, Naser Honar, Masoomeh Khalifeh
The clinical manifestations of hydatidosis are various and related to anatomic location. Defining frequent symptoms and signs of the disease is imperative for early management of it. The aim of this report was to analyse the clinical features of infected children with hydatid cysts located in different organs. In this study, medical charts of 57 children between 3 and 16 years of age with hydatid cyst admitted to Pediatric Wards of Nemazee Hospital were evaluated over a 12 year period (from 2003 to 2014, prospectively)...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103387/genetic-characterization-of-echinococcus-granulosus-strains-isolated-from-humans-based-on-nad1-and-cox1-gene-analysis-in-isfahan-central-iran
#6
R Jafari, B Sanei, A Baradaran, A Spotin, B Bagherpour, H Yousofi Darani
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a medically important parasite-caused human disease. Humans may acquire the infection accidentally by ingestion of E. granulosus eggs. The parasite has a broad range of hosts and genotypes, which may affect its aetiological and biological characteristics. The present study aimed to determine the genetic characteristics of human isolates of E. granulosus in Isfahan, Iran. In this cross-sectional study, 50 surgically removed hydatid cysts were collected from hospitalized patients in Al-Zahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran, over a period of 2 years (2015-2017)...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103270/analysis-of-lethality-in-echinococcal-disease
#7
Anna S Khachatryan
The information on mortality from echinococcosis is important not only for a better understanding of the severity of the disease, but also for evaluating the effectiveness of public health interventions. The aim of this research was to study the causes of mortality from echinococcosis. We have collected and analyzed the materials of 1,470 patients in 10 age - groups in the Republic of Armenia (from 2000 to 2016). To find out the causes of mortality from echinococcosis, we have analyzed the medical histories and protocols of postmortem examinations of 19 deaths from echinococcosis and 17 deaths due to other indirect causes not associated with the parasite...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098107/a-case-of-ruptured-pulmonary-hydatid-cyst-of-the-liver-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Nilufer Bulut, Sevinc Dagıstanlı
Background: Hydatid cyst is an endemic disease frequently localized to the liver. It is frequently observed in Southeast Europe, Middle East, and Turkey. Although the cyst rupture can occur spontaneously, it can also occur upon albendazole treatment. Its surgical treatment includes cystotomy, capitonnage, and wedge resection. Material-Method: A 56-year-old male immigrant was admitted with fever, pain, and cough. Albendazole treatment was initiated and elective surgery was planned...
2017: Case Reports in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089673/unusual-presentation-of-hydatid-cyst-ruptured-intraventricular-hydatid
#9
Sneha H Thakur, Priscilla C Joshi, A B Kelkar, N Seth
Echinococcosis in humans occurs as a result of infection by the larval stages of taenid cestodes of the genus Echinococcus. Most of the intracranial hydatids develop in brain parenchyma. Hydatid cyst within the cerebral ventricle is quite unusual. Literature review showed few case reports of childhood as well as adult intraventricular hydatid cysts. None of these cases presented for the first time with features of ruptured intraventricular cyst. This is a very rare presentation of a common disease. The possibility of infestation with E...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057706/hydatid-cyst-involvement-of-both-pulmonary-arteries-in-a-14-year-old-girl
#10
Mecnun Çetin, Kamuran Karaman, Mesut Özgökçe, Hadi Geylan, Bedrettin Yildizeli
Hydatid disease is the most common mediterranean parasitic infection; it commonly affects the liver and lungs and rarely involves multiple organs. A 14-year-old girl presented with a 1-year history of dyspnoea and fatigue. She was found to have pulmonary hypertension owing to hydatid cysts in the right ventricle and both pulmonary arteries. After administration of albendazole she underwent pulmonary endarterectomy and a calcified hydatid cyst was removed from the right ventricle. She made a complete recovery and remained on albendazole for 6 months...
October 23, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049145/hydatid-cyst-of-the-parotid-gland-a-rare-location
#11
Omer Erdur, Bahar Colpan, Fuad Sofuoglu, Ertugrul Kibar
Hydatid disease of the parotid gland is a very rare entity and may be easily overlooked in the diagnosis of parotid masses. Although Turkey remains an endemic area for echinococcosis, involvement of the parotid gland is extremely rare. A 26-year-old man presented with primary parotid gland mass without any other organ involvement. During the first surgery, the cyst was perforated accidentally and in a short time recurrence was occurred. Maximum attention was given for the second surgery for total removal without damaging the cyst with medical treatment...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035250/rare-but-life-threatening-complication-of-hydatid-disease
#12
Fatih Karakaya, Çağdaş Kalkan, Melek Karakaya, Necati Örmeci
Cystic echinococcosis is an infectious disease that is potentially associated with the biliary tract. Of thousand cases of hydatid cysts that were successfully treated by the Örmeci method, only two presented with cholangitis subsequent to the percutaneous treatment. These cases were treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, and this study provides details regarding the clear fistulization of hydatid cysts into the biliary tract.
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033682/usefulness-of-tc99m-mebrofenin-hepatobiliary-scintigraphy-and-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-computed-tomography-in-the-diagnosis-of-bronchobiliary-fistula
#13
Rahul Vithalrao Parghane, Rohit Kumar Phulsunga, Rajesh Gupta, Rajender Kumar Basher, Anish Bhattacharya, Bhagwant Rai Mittal
Bronchobiliary fistula (BBF), a rare complication of liver disease, is an abnormal communication between the biliary tract and bronchial tree. BBF may occur as a consequence of local liver infections such as hydatid or amebic disease, pyogenic liver abscess or trauma to the liver, obstruction of biliary tract, and tumor. As such management of liver disease with BBF is very difficult and often associated with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Therefore, timely diagnosis of BBF is imperative. Hepatobiliary scintigraphy along with hybrid single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography using Tc99m-mebrofenin is a very useful noninvasive imaging modality, in the diagnosis of BBF...
October 2017: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026775/hydatid-disease-a-rare-cause-of-fracture-nonunion
#14
Divya Aggarwal, Vaibhav Girotra, Neelam Wadhwa, Manish Chadha
Hydatid disease is an infrequent parasitic infestation caused by cestode, most commonly, Echinococcus granulosus. Bone involvement is distinctly uncommon. We would like to share our experience of a rare case of hydatid disease of femur in a 24-year-old male who presented with nonunion of subtrochanteric fracture. Histopathology showed typical lamellated wall and dagger-shaped hooklets. In view of its rarity, hydatid disease often remains an unsuspected infection of the bone.
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024292/hepatic-cystic-echinococcosis-in-australia-an-update-on-diagnosis-and-management
#15
REVIEW
Ben Keong, Bruce Wilkie, Tom Sutherland, Adrian Fox
BACKGROUND: Echinococcosis is an uncommonly encountered zoonotic disease caused by the taeniid Echinococcus. The only endemic species in Australia, Echinococcus granulosus, forms cysts in the liver in 70% of cases. The aim of this study was to review the literature to provide an evidence-based narrative update on the diagnosis and management of hepatic cystic echinococcosis in Australia. METHODS: We reviewed the literature, utilizing multiple research databases and citation tracking...
October 11, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021686/hydatid-disease-of-the-spine-a-rare-case
#16
Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991326/-cerebral-hydatid-disease-report-of-six-pediatric-cases
#17
Martín Brízuela, Claudia Sarkis, Roberto González, Patricia Paulin, Fabiana Lubieniecki, Griselda Berberian
Hydatid disease is a parasitic infection whose etiologic agent is Echinococcus granulosus. Human is an accidental intermediate host and the most common site is the liver. The brain involvement is unusual and up to 75% of cases are described in the pediatric population. We present six children with cerebral hydatid disease admitted to the Pediatric Hospital J.P. Garrahan. All had neurological involvement on admission. The images showed single cystic lesion in the brain. They did not present involvement in other organs...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991318/-risk-factors-for-hydatid-disease-in-high-school-students-in-the-district-of-punitaqui-chile
#18
Jorge I Gajardo, Mauricio J Castillo
BACKGROUND: Hydatidosis is an endemic zoonosis in different areas of Chile, including the Region of Coquimbo, this is linked to the slaughter of cattle and presence of dogs. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors related to hydatidosis in the home of high school students of Punitaqui. MATERIAL: A descriptive cross-sectional study was done by the application of a self-administered questionnaire to 274 students of high school. The information was analyzed by urban/rural area in five dimensions: knowledge, basic sanitation, keeping dogs, vegetable growing and cattle slaughtering and possession...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990848/enhancement-of-the-therapeutic-effect-of-albendazole-on-cystic-echinococcosis-using-a-herbal-product
#19
Mohammad Moazeni, Hassan Borji, Meysam Saboor Darbandi
PURPOSE: Albendazole is the drug of choice for chemotherapy of cystic echinococcosis (CE) but 40% of patients do not respond to it satisfactorily. With regard to the previously reported scolicidal activity of Zataria multiflora, this study was done to evaluate the efficacy of the co-administration of albendazole and Z. multiflora aromatic water (AW) on hydatid cysts in a murine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Laboratory mice were infected with 1,500 viable protoscoleces...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988788/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-the-treatment-of-liver-hydatid-cyst-comparing-laparoscopic-and-open-surgeries
#20
REVIEW
Massoud Sokouti, Ramin Sadeghi, Saeid Pashazadeh, Saeed Eslami Hasan Abadi, Mohsen Sokouti, Peyman Rezaei-Hachesu, Morteza Ghojazadeh, Babak Sokouti
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: There is an academic debate regarding surgical interventions for liver hydatid cyst disease. The purpose of the current systematic review and meta-analysis study was to analyse the pros and cons of open surgery and laparoscopic techniques, considering the outcomes of liver hydatid cysts. METHODS: Descriptive Boolean queries were used to search PubMed and Scopus for articles published between January 2000 and December 2016 to evaluate the outcomes of liver hydatid cyst in terms of mortality, post-operative complications, cure rate and recurrences...
September 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
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