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Hydatid disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904571/hydatids-everywhere-a-15-year-experience-of-unusual-locations-of-the-disease-in-an-endemic-area
#1
Arif Hussain Sarmast, Hakim Irfan Showkat, Nida Farooq Shah, Basharat Mujtaba, Altaf Ahmed Malik, Nayil Khursheed Malik, Fazl Q Parray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904546/cured-transudative-pleural-effusion-a-case-report
#2
Mohsen Shafipoor, Arda Kiani, Kambiz Sheikhy, Atefeh Abedini, Majid Golestani Eraghi
Echinococcosis or hydatid disease is a helminthic infection caused by larvae of tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. While the cysts can involve all organs, liver is the most common site of infection and the lungs are the second most commonly involved organ in young adults. In addition to endemic areas its incidence is growing all around the world due to the ease of transcontinental travel. Disease presentation varies and usually is due to mass effect or dysfunction of the involved organ and surgical resection is the recommended treatment...
2016: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896531/primary-intramedullary-hydatid-cyst-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Zhenhai Zhang, Juan Fan, Yuanyuan Dang, Ruxiang Xu, Chunsen Shen
Intramedullary hydatid cyst is extremely rare. We present a case of pathologically confirmed primary intramedullary hydatid cyst in an otherwise healthy patient. A 17-year-old boy presented with lumbar pain, weakness, and numbness in both lower limbs, and urinate difficulty interrupted for 2 years. The patient had no other signs of systemic hydatid cyst disease. An intramedullary cystic lesion was identified with magnetic resonance imaging and was shown to be a hydatid cyst by histopathologic examination after the surgical removal...
November 28, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895860/hydatid-liver-cyst-causing-portal-vein-thrombosis-and-cavernous-transformation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Serdar Kirmizi, Cuneyt Kayaalp, Sezai Yilmaz
A 33-year-old male with abdominal distention after meals was admitted to the hospital. He had a history of surgery for hydatid liver cyst. The cyst was located at the liver hilum and there were portal venous thrombosis and cavernous transformation. It had been treated with partial cystectomy, omentoplasty and albendazole. Two years later at the admission to our center, his laboratory tests were in normal ranges. Abdominal imaging methods revealed splenomegaly, portal vein thrombosis, cavernous transformation and the previously operated hydatid liver cyst...
2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891041/spinal-intradural-hydatid-cyst-causing-arachnoiditis-a-rare-etiology-of-cauda-equina-syndrome
#5
Suyash Singh, Jayesh Sardhara, Amit Kumar Singh, Arun Kumar Srivastava, Kamlesh Singh Bhaisora, Kuntal Kanti Das, Anant Mehrotra, Rabi N Sahu, Awadhesh Kumar Jaiswal, Sanjay Behari
This study aims to focus on a rare presentation of spinal hydatid cyst as cauda equine syndrome and misdiagnosed as intradural extramedullary (IDEM) benign lesion on magnetic resonance imaging. In this article, we report a case of spinal hydatid cyst masquerading as IDEM tumor, and intraoperatively, we accidently find clumped granuloma with severe arachnoiditis and hydatid cyst in lumber region, which was present as bilateral S1 radiculopathy with cauda equina syndrome. An 11-year-old boy who presented with symptoms and signs of cauda equina syndrome and planned for surgical excision...
October 2016: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888659/intraoperative-diagnosis-of-hydatid-cyst-of-the-ovary-masquerading-as-tumor
#6
Pavneet Kaur Selhi, Sumit Grover, Vikram Narang, Aminder Singh, Neena Sood, Sunil Juneja
Hydatid disease, caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus, is found most commonly in the liver and lungs, but no organ is immune. The ovarian involvement is often secondary to a cyst's dissemination localized in a different site. Occasionally, the cyst enlarges, thus mimicking an ovarian tumor. Patients with hydatid cysts at unusual locations present with atypical presentations and pose a diagnostic dilemma. A high index of suspicion is required in order to make a correct diagnosis pre-operatively to prevent spillage of the cyst contents during surgery...
November 26, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887695/reprint-of-echinococcus-granulosus-sensu-stricto-s-s-from-the-critically-endangered-antelope-addax-nasomaculatus-in-tunisia
#7
Belgees Boufana, Yousra Saïd, Mokhtar Dhibi, Philip S Craig, Samia Lahmar
Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.) is a zoonotic disease highly endemic in Tunisia. Canids including stray and semi-stray dogs, jackals and foxes are known as definitive hosts and a wide range of ungulates have been shown to harbour the metacestode hydatid stage and may serve as intermediate hosts. Fertile hydatid cysts of Echinococcus equinus and E. granulosus sensu stricto (s.s.) were recently molecularly identified for the first time from Tunisian donkeys. E. granulosus (s.s.) was also identified from wild boars in Tunisia...
November 22, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882065/hepatic-alveolar-hydatid-cyst-a-brief-review-of-published-cases-from-iran-in-the-last-20-years
#8
REVIEW
Bita Geramizadeh, Mohammad Baghernezhad
CONTEXT: Echinococcus multilocularis is the cause of alveolar hydatid disease, which most commonly involves the liver in more than 90% of cases. This disease is endemic in northern Iran. However, there are very few published cases from Iran. In this article, we will review all of the published cases of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis from Iran regarding all aspects, including clinical, paraclinical, and treatment protocols. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: In this brief review, the published cases of hepatic Alveolar Echinococcosis (AE) from Iran were retrieved for review via a search in PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, IranMedex, scientific information database (SID), Magiran, and Irandoc (1995 - 2015) using the keywords Echinococcus multilocularis and Iran, Alveolar hydatid cyst and Iran, liver and Alveolar hydatid cyst and Iran, and Hepatic alveolar hydatid cyst and Iran...
October 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876957/diagnosis-of-cystic-echinococcosis-in-buffaloes-by-native-8%C3%A2-kda-antigen-using-latex-agglutination-test-lat
#9
A Sheeba, A Sangaran, B R Latha
The dog tapeworm Echinococcusgranulosus is the causative agent of cystic hydatid disease in domestic/wild herbivores animals and man. Accurate immunodiagnosis of the infection requires highly specific and sensitive antigens. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate immunoassays with principles of precipitation, agglutination for the identification of buffaloes infected with hydatid cyst which would allow the monitoring of animals from endemic areas and identifying infected animals prior to slaughter...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876940/echinococcus-granulosus-in-humans-associated-with-disease-incidence-in-domestic-animals-in-kermanshah-west-of-iran
#10
Abdolali Chalechale, Mohammad Hashemnia, Farid Rezaei, Maryam Sayadpour
Hydatidosis is one of the important zoonotic diseases that cause considerable economic losses and public health problems worldwide. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence Echinococcus granulosus in people and slaughtered animals in Kermanshah province, west of Iran. Hospitals data and meat-inspection records in Kermanshah abattoir were used in this study. A total number of 32,130 slaughtered livestock (7000 cattle, 19,950 sheep and 5180 goats) was inspected in the 3-year period and overall 2043 (6...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828805/aspergilloma-of-the-lung-strategy-to-prevent-endobronchial-spillage
#11
Preety Mittal Roy, Sangeeta Khanna, Yatin Mehta, Ali Zamir Khan
Aspergilloma of the lung eroding into the airway may lead to perioperative endobronchial spillage and contamination of the normal lung. Our aim in this group of patients who are undergoing robotic- or video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy is to protect the contralateral lung and, if possible, uninvolved lobes of ipsilateral lung. Double-lumen endobronchial tubes do provide lung protection to the contralateral lung intraoperatively, but there is no protection to the ipsilateral lung lobes not involved by the disease process...
September 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825652/-disseminated-peritoneal-hydatidosis-manifested-as-intestinal-ischaemia
#12
Enrique Rosales-Castañeda, José Luis Martínez-Ordaz, Alicia Estrada-Castellanos, Luz María Goméz-Jiménez
BACKGROUND: The hydatid disease, or echinococcosis, is endemic in Mediterranean countries, as well as in Australia, Asia, Africa, South America, and Canada. Among its complications is intraperitoneal rupture, a rare form of presentation, with highly variable symptoms. The treatment of choice is surgery plus adjuvant medical treatment in most patients. OBJECTIVE: A case is presented of a patient with disseminated peritoneal hydatidosis manifested as intestinal ischaemia...
November 5, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800081/-bone-hydatid-cyst-a-rare-localization-at-the-level-of-the-hip-bone
#13
Yassine Nhamoucha, Othmane Alaoui, Aliou Doumbia, Mohammed Oukhoya, Hicham Abdellaoui, Mohammed Tazi, Lamyae Chater, Karima Atarraf, Mounir Arroud, Abderahman Afifi
Hydatid disease is a parasitic disease caused by the development in humans of the larval form of a tapeworm, namely a very small tænia called Echinococcus Granulosus. This anthropozoonosis is characterized by the presence of different types of anatomo-radiologic variants associated with various topographic and evolutionary aspects of the cysts. Bone hydatid disease is a rare condition, it accounts for only 0.9-2.5% of all locations. We report the case of a 9 year old child, who was admitted with febrile lameness and with a mass in the right iliac fossa, revealing a hydatid cyst at the level of the hip bone...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797981/temporal-and-long-term-trend-analysis-of-class-c-notifiable-diseases-in-china-from-2009-to-2014
#14
Xingyu Zhang, Fengsu Hou, Zhijiao Qiao, Xiaosong Li, Lijun Zhou, Yuanyuan Liu, Tao Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Time series models are effective tools for disease forecasting. This study aims to explore the time series behaviour of 11 notifiable diseases in China and to predict their incidence through effective models. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: The Chinese Ministry of Health started to publish class C notifiable diseases in 2009. The monthly reported case time series of 11 infectious diseases from the surveillance system between 2009 and 2014 was collected. METHODS: We performed a descriptive and a time series study using the surveillance data...
October 17, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787200/norway-rat-rattus-norvegicus-as-a-potential-reservoir-for-echinococcus-granulosus-a-public-health-implication
#15
Khaled A Abdel-Moein, Dalia A Hamza
Cystic hydatidosis is a re-emerging parasitic zoonosis with worldwide distribution. The current study was carried out to investigate the possible role of rats in the epidemiology of such disease in urban and suburban areas. For this purpose, a total of 50 feral Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) were collected from urban and suburban settings, Cairo, Egypt. Rats were examined to be infected with cystic hydatidosis through serological examination by IHA test as well as post-mortem examination of internal organs, histopathological or molecular identification of the collected cysts...
December 1, 2016: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776379/-unknown-title
#16
M Kadihasanoglu, M Kilciler, O Atahan
A 44-year-old woman, who had had left flank pain for the previous 3 months, was treated successfully for renal hydatid cyst disease by using an endoscopic technique with percutaneous access through an all seeing needle. Abdominal ultrasonography showed a Gharbi type III cyst in the lower pole of the left kidney. Computerised tomography of the abdomen revealed a bulky solid-cystic mass with calcified and well-defined wall and daughter cyst without contrast enhancement. The patient, who refused any renal operation, underwent a percutaneous intervention with access through an all seeing needle access...
October 24, 2016: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771257/excretory-secretory-products-in-the-echinococcus-granulosus-metacestode-is-the-intermediate-host-complacent-with-infection-caused-by-the-larval-form-of-the-parasite
#17
Guilherme B Dos Santos, Karina M Monteiro, Edileuza Danieli da Silva, Maria Eduarda Battistella, Henrique B Ferreira, Arnaldo Zaha
The genus Echinococcus consists of parasites that have a life cycle with two mammalian hosts. Their larval stage, called the hydatid cyst, develops predominantly in the liver and lungs of intermediate hosts. The hydatid cyst is the causative agent of cystic hydatid disease and the species Echinococcus granulosus, G1 haplotype, is responsible for the vast majority of cases in humans, cattle and sheep. Protein characterization in hydatid cysts is essential for better understanding of the host-parasite relationship and the fertility process of Echinococcus...
December 2016: International Journal for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762176/in-vitro-and-ex-vivo-activity-of-melaleuca-alternifolia-against-protoscoleces-of-echinococcus-ortleppi
#18
Danieli Urach Monteiro, Maria Isabel Azevedo, Carla Weiblen, Sônia DE Avila Botton, Nadine Lysyk Funk, Cristiane DE Bona DA Silva, Régis Adriel Zanette, Thiago Guilherme Schwanz, Mário Luiz DE LA Rue
Cystic echinococcosis is a zoonotic disease of difficult diagnosis and treatment. The use of protoscolicidal agents in procedures is of utmost importance for treatment success. This study was aimed at analysing the in vitro and ex vivo activity of Melaleuca alternifolia oil (tea tree oil - TTO), its nanoemulsion formulation (NE-TTO) and its major component (terpinen-4-ol) against Echinococcus ortleppi protoscoleces obtained from cattle. Concentrations of 2·5, 5 and 10 mg mL-1 of TTO, 10 mg mL-1 of NE-TTO and 1, 1·5 and 2 mg mL-1 of terpinen-4-ol were evaluated in vitro against protoscoleces at 5, 10, 15 and 30 min...
October 20, 2016: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755436/hydatid-cyst-of-the-posterior-cervical-region
#19
Muhsin Nuh Aybay, Ibrahim Guler, Ozgur Oner, Suleyman Baktik, Ali Fuat Tekin
Hydatid cyst is an endemically seen parasitic disease and caused by the larval form of Echinococcus parasites. The disease is mostly seen in liver and lung, and the other involvement is rarely seen. Head and neck involvement is extremely rarely seen and its frequency in the literature is reported as less than 1%. It is usually asymptomatic and the symptoms are related to the compression to the adjacent structures. In this paper, the authors report a patient of hydatid cyst localized in the posterior cervical region...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751261/a-giant-cardiac-hydatid-cyst-presenting-with-chest-pain-and-ventricular-tachycardia-in-a-pregnant-woman-undergoing-cesarean-section
#20
Mehmet Yaman, Ahmet Hakan Ates, Ugur Arslan, Hasan Ozturk, Aytekin Aksakal
Cyst hydatid disease is an infectious disease caused by development of the larval form of Echinococcus granulosus in humans. Cardiac involvement of this disease is a rare condition, and if present, it is most commonly located in the left ventricle. Interventricular septal involvement is observed only in 4% of these cases. Herein, we report a case of cyst hydatid located at interventricular septum causing chest pain and ventricular tachycardia during cesarean section.
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
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