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Hydatid disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212790/the-echinococcoses-diagnosis-clinical-management-and-burden-of-disease
#1
P Kern, A Menezes da Silva, O Akhan, B Müllhaupt, K A Vizcaychipi, C Budke, D A Vuitton
The echinococcoses are chronic, parasitic diseases that are acquired after ingestion of infective taeniid tapeworm eggs from certain species of the genus Echinococcus. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) occurs worldwide, whereas, alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is restricted to the northern hemisphere, and neotropical echinococcosis (NE) has only been identified in Central and South America. Clinical manifestations and disease courses vary profoundly for the different species of Echinococcus. CE presents as small to large cysts, and has commonly been referred to as 'hydatid disease', or 'hydatidosis'...
2017: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208938/institutional-experience-in-the-management-of-hilar-liver-obstruction-a-series-of-13-cases
#2
Adithya Malolan Pathanki, Adithya V Naragund, Basant Mahadevappa
Neoplastic hilar obstruction to the liver outflow presents a unique challenge to the surgeon, wherein, the balance between a curative and possibly larger resection has to be achieved against a more conservative local resection. These are often technically demanding and have thus, far produced equivocal outcomes on both ends. The present case series is on 13 patients who presented with hilar obstruction. They all underwent resections with possible curative intent. The focus of our review is on the technical nuances and the strategies we used, intra- and peri-operatively to make resections possible in these patients, who at first look were deemed inoperable...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208867/osseous-hydatidosis-of-femur-in-a-patient-with-fracture-non-union-an-uncommon-entity
#3
Kiruthiga Kala Gnanasekaran, Anne Jennifer Prabhu, Shyjumon George
Hydatid disease caused by the larval form of the parasitic tapeworm, Echinococcus granulosus, commonly affects the liver and lungs. Bone involvement by Hydatid is extremely uncommon and is reported in 1-3% of cases. It is often a dormant disease, presenting at a late stage with non-specific clinical and radiological findings. Usually they occur as an isolated entity without liver/lung involvement and a clinical suspicion of this disease is not possible. We report a rare case of Hydatid cyst of femur in a 25-year-old female, with unresolving non-union of fracture for five years...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194292/cystic-echinococcosis-a-case-of-extrahepatic-intra-abdominal-involvement
#4
Patrícia Leitão, André Carvalho, Teresa Fernandes, José Gonçalves
Hydatid disease, or echinococcal disease, is a parasitic infestation caused by the larval stage of the Echinococcus tapeworm and it primarily affects the liver and lung but involvement of other organs is also possible secondary to peritoneal seeding or hematogeneous dissemination. We describe a rare case of extensive abdominal disease, with lesions affecting the liver, peritoneum, and lesser omentum, requiring aggressive surgical intervention. Complementary diagnostic exams were crucial to reach the diagnosis and evaluate the extension of the disease...
2017: Case Reports in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183584/monitoring-of-the-intraoperative-analgesia-by-pupillometry-during-laparoscopic-splenectomy-for-splenic-hydatid-cyst
#5
Ana Abad-Torrent, Albert Sueiras-Gil, Miquel Martínez-Vilalta, Josep Vallet-Fernández, María Guisasola-Rabés
Echinococcosis causes a hydatid cyst, a worldwide disease. Human beings are intermediate hosts, but dogs complete the life cycle of the cestode. The most common presentation sites are the liver and lungs. We present an unusual case of a primary splenic hydatid cyst. Open splenectomy has traditionally been the treatment of choice for splenic hydatid cysts. In recent years, minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery has been used in appropriate cases. A healthy 48-year-old woman was scheduled for laparoscopic splenectomy...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180204/a-rare-retrovesical-hydatid-cyst-and-value-of-transrectal-ultrasonography-in-diagnosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Emre Unal, Meryem Keles, Sibel Yazgan, Musturay Karcaaltincaba
We present a large hydatid cyst located midline and posterior to prostatic gland and seminal vesicles in an asymptomatic patient. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a large retrovesical mass and the transrectal ultrasonography idetified a degenerated hydatid cyst with "ball of wool'' appearance. Although extremely rare, hydatid disease should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of pelvic particularly retrovesical midline masses.
January 31, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163523/primary-sacral-hydatid-cyst-mimicking-a-neurogenic-tumor-in-chronic-low-back-pain-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Manuel Segura-Trepichio, Jose Manuel Montoza-Nuñez, David Candela-Zaplana, Josefa Herrero-Santacruz, Fernando Pla-Mingorance
Hydatid disease is caused by infection of Echinococcus granulosus. Bone hydatid cyst presentation without hepatic affectation is infrequent and occurs in 0,5-2% of cases. This rare condition makes clinicians not always aware of the disease, and as a result, misdiagnosis of spinal echinococcosis is common. We present a case of a 48-year-old female patient with primary sacral hydatidosis. Chronic low back pain radiating to the left buttock was the only symptom. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggested a neurogenic tumor versus giant cell tumor...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142253/hydatid-cyst-of-the-heart
#8
Haitham Noaman, Salman Rawaf, Azeem Majeed, Abdul-Majeed Salmasi
Cystic hydatid disease is responsible for the loss of 1 to 3 million disability-adjusted life years every year. Infestation of the heart, though rare, can result in serious complications if left untreated. We retrospectively collected information on 19 patients with cardiac hydatid cyst admitted at the Center for Cardiac Surgery of Ibn Al-Bitar Hospital in Baghdad from July 2007 to July 2011 who were either in need of a cardiac surgery for treating hydatid cysts or presented with emergency conditions. Nine (47%) patients presented with left-sided heart failure and mitral valve dysfunction, 5 (26%) patients had hydatid cysts in the pericardium, 3 (16%) patients had hydatid cyst in the right ventricle and presented with right-sided heart failure, and 2 (11%) patients who presented with cardiac arrhythmias had infestation in the interventricular septum...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131366/biology-and-systematics-of-echinococcus
#9
R C A Thompson
The biology of Echinococcus, the causative agent of echinococcosis (hydatid disease) is reviewed with emphasis on the developmental biology of the adult and metacestode stages of the parasite. Major advances include determining the origin, structure and functional activities of the laminated layer and its relationship with the germinal layer; and the isolation, in vitro establishment and characterization of the multipotential germinal cells. Future challenges are to identify the mechanisms that provide Echinococcus with its unique developmental plasticity and the nature of activities at the parasite-host interface, particularly in the definitive host...
2017: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130828/the-effect-of-echinococcus-granulosus-on-spleen-cells-and-tgf-%C3%AE-expression-in-the-peripheral-blood-of-balb-c-mice
#10
REVIEW
Shuanghong Yin, Xiaolin Chen, Junbo Zhang, Fangjie Xu, Hairui Fang, Jun Hou, Xuyong Zhang, Xiangwei Wu, Xueling Chen
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) caused by the cestode Echinococcus granulosus (E. granulosus) is a zoonotic parasitic disease. The effective immune evasion mechanisms of E. granulosus allow it to parasitise its hosts. However, the status of the innate and adaptive immune cells and their contributions to E. granulosus progression remain poorly understood. In this study, We aimed to determine the impact of E. granulosus infection on T cells, NK cell responses and TGF-β expression during the early infection phase in BALB/c mice...
January 28, 2017: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127370/surgical-management-of-liver-hydatid-cyst-related-non-traumatic-emergencies-single-center-experience
#11
Tolga Dinc, Selami Ilgaz Kayilioglu, Okan Murat Akturk, Faruk Coskun
BACKGROUND: Vast majority of complaints and physical examination findings of hydatid disease are common in emergency room patients. Different emergency presentations of hydatid cyst disease and their treatment are evaluated. We studied preoperative laboratory findings of these patients to identify any parameters to predict hydatid cyst-biliary system communication. METHODS: We reviewed the files of patients who underwent emergency surgery due to liver hydatid cysts and related conditions between March 2010 and March 2014 in Ankara Numune Research and Training Hospital, Turkey, retrospectively...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127351/brain-hydatid-cyst-with-atypical-symptoms-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#12
Shahnam Baboli, Simin Baboli, Saeed Soleiman Meigooni
Brain hydatid cyst constitutes one of the leading causes of cranial mass in the endemic region, especially among the children. Symptoms of the disease are associated with rising of intracranial pressure and focal neurological deficit. Surgical excision of the cyst is essential to treatment. Here we present a 19 yr-old male livings in Ardabil, northwest of Iran, referred to Neurosurgery Clinic in Khanevadeh University Hospital, Tehran, Iran with a large brain hydatid cyst and atypical symptoms. He was treated by surgical excision of the cyst without any complication...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127342/epidemiological-and-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-hydatid-cysts-in-khorasan-razavi-province-from-2011-to-2014
#13
Salman Khazaei, Shahab Rezaeian, Zaher Khazaei, Elham Goodarzi, Somayeh Khazaei, Mahdi Mohammadian, Hamid Salehiniya, Erfan Ayubi, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological and clinical aspects of patients with hydatid cyst during 2011 to 2014. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Khorasan Razavi Province, the Northeast of Iran, from 2011 to 2014. The study population was all cases with hydatid cyst who diagnosed in governmental and private laboratories, hospitals and health centers (HC) in Khorasan Razavi Province during 2011-14. RESULTS: The prevalence rate of hydatidosis was 1...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119271/cystobiliary-communication-in-hepatic-hydatid-cyst-predictors-and-outcome
#14
Ayman El Nakeeb, Ali Salem, Mohamed El Sorogy, Youssef Mahdy, Mohamed Abd Ellatif, Ahmed Moneer, Rami Said, Ahmed El Ghawalby, Helmy Ezzat
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cystobiliary communication (CBF) with hepatic hydatid disease is responsible for postoperative bile leakage after surgical management. This study aims to detect various predictors of CBF and its outcome after surgical management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective, cohort study of all patients who underwent surgical management for hydatid disease of the liver. Patient data were recorded on an internal web-based registry system supplemented by paper records...
January 25, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096865/cardiac-hydatid-cyst-without-liver-involvement-a-case-report
#15
Maryam Shojaeifard, Saeid Hosseini, Sarah Hosseini, Hamidreza Pouraliakbar, Hossein Dehghani, Feridoun Noohi
Hydatid disease is a rare parasitic disease, which mainly involves liver then lung tissues. Cardiac involvement is very rare, especially when there is not hepatic involvement. We describe a 47-year-old woman with a history of a lung hydatid cyst who was referred to Rajaei Heart Center, Tehran, Iran in 2012. Her chest computed tomographic scan showed a cardiac mass. Echocardiographic examination illustrated a large, well-defined heterogeneous mass (4.5 × 2.5 cm) in the roof of the right atrium with attachment to the crista terminalis without compressive effect on the inferior and superior venae cavae...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096605/molecular-and-epidemiological-updates-on-cystic-echinococcosis-infecting-water-buffaloes-from-egypt
#16
Ibrahim Abbas
AIM: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) represents a serious parasitic disease at both animal and public health levels. The majority of reports negated the CE infection in buffaloes from Egypt; however, one study illustrated their infection with G6 genotype (camel strain). The present work contributed to update the epidemiological and molecular knowledge about CE infecting this economically important animal for better understanding of its role in maintaining the Echinococcus life cycle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 slaughtered water buffaloes at Mansoura abattoir, Dakahlia province, Egypt, were inspected for the existence of hydatid cysts...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057995/an-undiagnosed-giant-right-renal-hydatid-cyst-treated-laparoscopically-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#17
Elsawi Osman, Ziauddin Khan, Abdulmenem Abualsel, Tanweer Bhatty
Hydatid disease caused by the tape worm Echinococcus granulosus is a rare occurrence in the urinary system in general. We are hereby presenting a case of a gentleman in his fourth decade with a giant right renal hydatid cyst. The clinical manifestations, radiological features, and serology were all not suggestive of hydatid disease; however, typical Echinococcus scolices were detected histologically following cyst aspiration. The giant cyst was successfully treated laparoscopically.
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054267/green-chemical-synthesis-of-gold-nanoparticles-by-using-penicillium-aculeatum-and-their-scolicidal-activity-against-hydatid-cyst-protoscolices-of-echinococcus-granulosus
#18
Hamed Barabadi, Soheila Honary, Milad Ali Mohammadi, Ehsan Ahmadpour, Mohammad Taghi Rahimi, Ahad Alizadeh, Farzaneh Naghibi, Muthupandian Saravanan
Hydatid disease is a helminth infection with various clinical complications caused by the larval stage of the dog tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. The scolicidal agents have been broadly applied for inactivation of the fertile cysts up to now, but these scolicidal agents have several side effects on patients. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the scolicidal activity of green synthesized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) utilizing mycelia-free culture filtrate of Penicillium aculeatum against hydatid cyst protoscolices of E...
January 4, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053576/in-vitro-effectiveness-of-curcuma-longa-and-zingiber-officinale-extracts-on-echinococcus-protoscoleces
#19
Esam Almalki, Esam M Al-Shaebi, Saleh Al-Quarishy, Mansour El-Matbouli, Abdel-Azeem S Abdel-Baki
Hydatid disease is an important economic and human public health problem with a wide geographical distribution. Surgical excision remains the primary treatment and the only hope for complete cure of hydatosis. The most important complications arising from surgical excision, however, is recurrence, which is due to dissemination of protoscolices during the surgery. Pre-surgical inactivation of the contents of the hydatid cyst by injection of scolicidal agent into the cyst has been used as adjunct to surgery in order to overcome the risk of recurrence...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050091/alveolar-hydatid-disease-of-the-liver-a-rare-entity-in-india
#20
Jasvinder Kaur Bhatia, R Ravikumar, C S Naidu, T Sethumadhavan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
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