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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330044/effects-of-acupuncture-on-the-heart-rate-variability-cortisol-levels-and-behavioural-response-induced-by-thunder-sound-in-beagles
#1
Carolina Elisabetta Martins Maccariello, Carla Caroline Franzini de Souza, Laura Morena, Daniel Penteado Martins Dias, Magda Alves de Medeiros
Sound stimuli such as fireworks, firearms, and claps of thunder have been used as a stress reactivity model for dogs. Acupuncture has been widely used to treat and prevent physiological and behavioural disorders induced by stress. Our study aims to evaluate the effects of acupuncture on cardiac autonomic modulation (heart rate variability - HRV), behavioural (reactivity) and endocrine (cortisol levels) responses in dogs exposed to sounds of thunder. Twenty-four laboratory beagles (12 males and 12 females, 1-6years old) with no history of phobia to thunder were subjected to a sound stimulus that consisted of a standardized recording of thunder over a 150s period with a maximum intensity of 103-104dB...
January 9, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325594/treatment-of-persistent-allergic-rhinitis-via-acupuncture-at-the-sphenopalatine-acupoint-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Jiaoping Mi, Xinye Chen, Xiaoyan Lin, Jianling Guo, Hongtao Chen, Liao Wei, Haiyu Hong
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis is a common respiratory disease. Acupuncture is used to treat it in traditional Chinese medicine, and generally, the L120, ST2 and ST36 acupoints are selected in clinical practice. We report a new method of acupuncture at the sphenopalatine acupoint (SPA) for treatment of persistent allergic rhinitis (PAR). The effect of this treatment was investigated using two different needling depths. The efficacy of this treatment was associated with accurate stimulation of the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG)...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311503/a-rat-model-of-knee-osteoarthritis-suitable-for-electroacupuncture-study
#3
Yongyuan Ma, Haiyun Guo, Fuhai Bai, Ming Zhang, Liu Yang, Jiao Deng, Lize Xiong
Acupuncture is widely used for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) treatment in clinical practice. In the present study, we aimed to set a standard KOA animal model for electroacupuncture (EA) study and provide an acupuncture recipe for further KOA studies. Rats intra-articularly administered monosodium iodoacetate (MIA, 0.3, 1 or 3 mg respectively, n=12 each) were evaluated for pain-like behavior: paw withdrawal mechanical threshold, weight bearing deficit, and joint pathological changes (OARSI score) until 28 days after injury...
January 1, 2018: Experimental Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303777/evaluation-of-serum-beta-endorphin-and-substance-p-in-knee-osteoarthritis-patients-treated-by-laser-acupuncture
#4
Nagwa Mohammed, Hemat Allam, Eman Elghoroury, Emad N Zikri, Ghada A Helmy, Aliaa Elgendy
Background Laser acupuncture is one of the complementary modalities used for treating osteoarthritis. The study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of laser acupuncture in the treatment of grade 2 knee osteoarthritis. Patients and methods Forty patients having bilateral knee osteoarthritis were divided into two groups (20 patients in each group). The patients of the first group were subjected to 12 laser sessions at the following acupoints (St 35, St36, Sp9, Sp10 and Gb 34). During each session, laser of 90 mw was directed to each acupoint for 1 min giving energy of 5...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298517/histamine-h1-receptor-antagonists-facilitate-electroacupuncture-analgesia
#5
Jaung-Geng Lin, Yu-Chen Lee, Cheng-Hao Tu, Iona MacDonald, Hsin-Yi Chung, Sih-Ting Luo, Shih-Ya Hung, Yi-Hung Chen
This study investigated the influence of the histamine H1 receptor antagonists, chlorpheniramine (CHL) and pyrilamine, on the analgesic effects of acupuncture in mice. Nociceptive response was evaluated by the acetic acid-induced abdominal writhe test. Electroacupuncture (EA) at bilateral ST36 reduced the manifestations of acetic acid-induced abdominal writhing, whereas needle insertion without electrostimulation had no such effect. Notably, EA treatment was not associated with any analgesic effects in mice pretreated with naloxone...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250675/acupuncture-causes-serotonin-release-by-mast-cells
#6
Nikolay Dimitrov, Dimitrinka Atanasova, Nikola Tomov, Dimitar Sivrev, Nikolai Lazarov
Mast cells (MCs) are important object in experimental acupuncture due to their putative involvement in local reactions to needling. In the rat, they are shown to contain in their granules, among other tissue mediators, serotonin, also called 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT). The aim of this study is to examine the normal distribution of 5-HT-containing MCs in soft tissues of Zusanli (ST36) acupuncture point (acupoint) and their morphological changes caused by experimental acupuncture. We observed 5-HT-immunopositive MCs in the tissues and in the vicinity of the needle tract formed after acupuncture...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234396/analgesic-effect-of-moxibustion-with-different-temperature-on-inflammatory-and-neuropathic-pain-mice-a-comparative-study
#7
Wei Zhou, Ruxue Lei, Chuanyi Zuo, Yunqing Yue, Qin Luo, Chengshun Zhang, Peng Lv, Yong Tang, Haiyan Yin, Shuguang Yu
The aim of this study was to determine whether variation of temperature during moxibustion would generate division of analgesic effect. The moxibustion with different temperatures (37°C, 42°C, 47°C, and 52°C) was applied to ST36 acupoint for 30 minutes in chronic inflammatory or neuropathic pain mice. The analgesic effect was evaluated by thermal hyperalgesia test in chronic inflammatory pain and by mechanical allodynia in neuropathic pain, respectively. The results indicated that interventions of moxibustion with different temperature caused different analgesic effect on either chronic inflammatory induced by injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) or neuropathic pain induced by spared nerve injury (SNI)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232318/significant-effect-of-acupressure-in-elevating-blood-stem-cell-factor-during-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-gynecologic-cancer
#8
Ya-Wen Shih, Shun-Fa Yang, Ming-Hsien Chien, Ching-Wen Chang, Vincent H S Chang, Hsiu-Ting Tsai
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy is used mainly to treat and control the progression of gynecological cancer. Bone marrow suppression, one of the adverse side effects of chemotherapy, may decrease immune function, increasing the risk of serious, fatal infections. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to evaluate the effectiveness of noninvasive acupressure in preventing and diminishing chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression in patients with gynecologic cancer and to determine whether this effect is associated with the regulation of the expressions of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and stem cell factor (SCF)...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200909/the-efficacy-of-combination-treatment-of-gabapentin-and-electro-acupuncture-on-paclitaxel-induced-neuropathic-pain
#9
Min Joon Kim, Ji Hwan Lee, Jo Ung Jang, Fu Shi Quan, Sun Kwang Kim, Woojin Kim
Paclitaxel, a chemotherapeutic drug, induces severe peripheral neuropathy. Gabapentin (GBT) is a first line agent used to treat neuropathic pain, and its effect is mediated by spinal noradrenergic and muscarinic cholinergic receptors. Electro-acupuncture (EA) is used for treating various types of pain via its action through spinal opioidergic and noradrenergic receptors. Here, we investigated whether combined treatment of these two agents could exert a synergistic effect on paclitaxel-induced cold and mechanical allodynia, which were assessed by the acetone drop test and von Frey filament assay, respectively...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199131/combined-therapy-involving-electroacupuncture-and-treadmill-exercise-attenuates-demyelination-in-the-corpus-callosum-by-stimulating-oligodendrogenesis-in-a-rat-model-of-neonatal-hypoxia-ischemia
#10
Malk Eun Pak, Da Hee Jung, Hong Ju Lee, Myung Jun Shin, Soo-Yeon Kim, Yong Beom Shin, Young Ju Yun, Hwa Kyoung Shin, Byung Tae Choi
We investigated whether electroacupuncture (EA) and treadmill (TM) exercise improve behaviors related to motor and memory dysfunction in a cerebral palsy-like rat model via activation of oligodendrogenesis. A neonatal hypoxia-ischemia model was created using Sprague-Dawley rats (P7), and these underwent EA stimulation and treadmill training from 3 to 5weeks after hypoxia-ischemia induction. EA treatment was delivered via electrical stimulation (2Hz, 1mA) at two acupoints, Baihui (GV20) and Zusanli (ST36). Behavioral tests showed that EA alleviated motor dysfunction caused by hypoxia-ischemia on a rotarod test, and TM exercise alleviated motor and memory dysfunction seen on cylinder and passive avoidance tests...
February 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148379/characterization-of-streptococcus-pyogenes-from-animal-clinical-specimens-spain
#11
Ana Isabel Vela, Pilar Villalón, Juan Antonio Sáez-Nieto, Gema Chacón, Lucas Domínguez, José Francisco Fernández-Garayzábal
Streptococcus pyogenes appears to be almost exclusively restricted to humans, with few reports on isolation from animals. We provide a detailed characterization (emm typing, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis [PFGE], and multilocus sequence typing [MLST]) of 15 S. pyogenes isolates from animals associated with different clinical backgrounds. We also investigated erythromycin resistance mechanisms and phenotypes and virulence genes. We observed 2 emm types: emm12 (11 isolates) and emm77 (4 isolates). Similarly, we observed 2 genetic linages, sequence type (ST) 26 and ST63...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143805/mechanisms-of-acupuncture-therapy-in-ischemic-stroke-rehabilitation-a-literature-review-of-basic-studies
#12
REVIEW
Lina M Chavez, Shiang-Suo Huang, Iona MacDonald, Jaung-Geng Lin, Yu-Chen Lee, Yi-Hung Chen
Acupuncture is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an alternative and complementary strategy for stroke treatment and for improving stroke care. Clinical trial and meta-analysis findings have demonstrated the efficacy of acupuncture in improving balance function, reducing spasticity, and increasing muscle strength and general well-being post-stroke. The mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of acupuncture in stroke rehabilitation remain unclear. The aim of this study was to conduct a literature review, summarize the current known mechanisms in ischemic stroke rehabilitation through acupuncture and electroacupuncture (EA) therapy, and to detail the frequently used acupoints implicated in these effects...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138301/genomic-variation-and-evolution-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-st36-over-the-course-of-a-transcontinental-epidemic-expansion
#13
Jaime Martinez-Urtaza, Ronny van Aerle, Michel Abanto, Julie Haendiges, Robert A Myers, Joaquin Trinanes, Craig Baker-Austin, Narjol Gonzalez-Escalona
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is the leading cause of seafood-related infections with illnesses undergoing a geographic expansion. In this process of expansion, the most fundamental change has been the transition from infections caused by local strains to the surge of pandemic clonal types. Pandemic clone sequence type 3 (ST3) was the only example of transcontinental spreading until 2012, when ST36 was detected outside the region where it is endemic in the U.S. Pacific Northwest causing infections along the U.S. northeast coast and Spain...
November 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137652/characterization-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-isolates-from-austrian-companion-animals-and-horses
#14
Maximilian Ginders, Michael Leschnik, Frank Künzel, Doris Kampner, Claudia Mikula, Georg Steindl, Inga Eichhorn, Andrea T Feßler, Stefan Schwarz, Joachim Spergser, Igor Loncaric
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the genetic relatedness and the antimicrobial resistance profiles of a collection of Austrian Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from companion animals and horses. A total of 12 non-repetitive isolates presumptively identified as S. pneumoniae were obtained during routinely diagnostic activities between March 2009 and January 2017. RESULTS: Isolates were confirmed as S. pneumoniae by bile solubility and optochin susceptibility testing, matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry and sequence analysis of a part recA and the 16S rRNA genes...
November 14, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117064/electroacupuncture-pretreatment-attenuates-acute-lung-injury-through-%C3%AE-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-mediated-inhibition-of-hmgb1-release-in-rats-after-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#15
Zhankui Wang, Lei Hou, Hao Yang, Jiaxi Ge, Shaocheng Wang, Weitian Tian, Xiangrui Wang, Zhongwei Yang
Acute lung injury is a common complication after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (α7nAChR) and α7nAChR-dependent cholinergic signaling are implicated in suppressing the release of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and reducing the inflammatory response. A previous study has shown the electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment induces tolerance against lung injury. However, the role of EA in CPB is poorly understood. This study employed EA and a rat model of CPB to determine whether EA was associated with CPB-induced lung injury...
November 7, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103083/laser-acupuncture-induced-analgesic-effect-and-molecular-alterations-in-an-incision-pain-model-a-comparison-with-electroacupuncture-induced-effects
#16
Yen-Jing Zeng, Yu-Hsiang Lin, You-Cheng Wang, Ju-Hsin Chang, Jih-Huah Wu, Sheng-Feng Hsu, Shih-Ying Tsai, Ching-Huang Lin, Yeong-Ray Wen
Low-level laser acupuncture (LLLA) produces photobiomodulation through acupuncture point and is an alternative to low-level laser therapy. Although the analgesic effect of LLLA on chronic pain has been proven, its effect on acute postincisional pain has yet to be investigated. A plantar incision (PI) model was used to mimic human postsurgical pain. Male adult rats received GaAlAs laser irradiation at the right ST36 acupoint immediately after operation and on the following 4 days. Three laser treatment groups (two red laser groups with a 30- or 15-min treatment duration and one 30-min near-infrared laser group) were compared with sham LLLA and naive groups and an electroacupuncture (EA) group (separate study)...
November 4, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102965/electroacupuncture-in-rats-infected-with-strongyloides-venezuelensis-effects-on-gastrointestinal-transit-and-parasitological-measurements
#17
Luana Dos Anjos-Ramos, Loyane Almeida Gama, Andrieli Taise Hauschildt, Ricardo Toshio Fujiwara, Luciana Aparecida Corá, Madileine Francely Américo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at ST36 and CV12 on gastrointestinal transit and parasitological measurements during Strongyloides venezuelensis infection in rats. DESIGN: Rats were infected with S. venezuelensis and allocated to one of three groups that were infected and remaineduntreated (SV group, n=8), infected and treated with EA at CV12 (SV+CV12 group, n=8) or infected and treated with EA at ST36 (SV+ST36 group, n=8). EA was performed every 3 days over a 21-day period, at 4 mA intensity and 15 Hz frequency for 20 min...
November 4, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029639/efficacy-differences-of-electroacupuncture-with-single-acupoint-or-matching-acupoints-for-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Bo Chen, Yang Guo, Xue Zhao, Li-Li Gao, Bo Li, Tian-Yi Zhao, Qi-Wen Zhang, Jin-Xing Zou, Ming-Yue Li, Yong-Ming Guo, Yi Guo, Xing-Fan Pan
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that acupuncture is beneficial for the alleviation of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. However, there is a lack of clinical evidence concerning the effects of acupoint-matching on chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a parallel randomized controlled trial to evaluate the occurrence of nausea and vomiting after chemotherapy (the incidence of nausea and vomiting, frequency, VAS score, RINVR rating) as the main outcome for cancer...
October 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965933/electroacupuncture-suppresses-morphine-reward-seeking-behavior-lateral-hypothalamic-orexin-neurons-implicated
#19
Xueqi Wang, Boyuan Zhang, Longzao Zhang, Sheng Liu
The orexin system specifically located in the lateral hypothalamus (LH) has been shown to play a unique role in reward seeking, drug relapse, and addiction. In this study, we investigated the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on morphine conditioned place preference (CPP), reinstatement of extinguished CPP, and the expression of orexin in the LH. A two-chamber CPP model was used to measure the rewarding properties of morphine. 2Hz EA at points BL23 and ST36 was carried out for 30min daily before morphine injection on three conditioning days...
November 20, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930002/investigation-of-outbreaks-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium-and-its-monophasic-variants-using-whole-genome-sequencing-denmark
#20
Pernille Gymoese, Gitte Sørensen, Eva Litrup, John Elmerdal Olsen, Eva Møller Nielsen, Mia Torpdahl
Whole-genome sequencing is rapidly replacing current molecular typing methods for surveillance purposes. Our study evaluates core-genome single-nucleotide polymorphism analysis for outbreak detection and linking of sources of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and its monophasic variants during a 7-month surveillance period in Denmark. We reanalyzed and defined 8 previously characterized outbreaks from the phylogenetic relatedness of the isolates, epidemiologic data, and food traceback investigations. All outbreaks were identified, and we were able to exclude unrelated and include additional related human cases...
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
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