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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148379/characterization-of-streptococcus-pyogenes-from-animal-clinical-specimens-spain
#1
Ana Isabel Vela, Pilar Villalón, Juan Antonio Sáez-Nieto, Gema Chacón, Lucas Domínguez, José Francisco Fernández-Garayzábal
Streptococcus pyogenes appears to be almost exclusively restricted to humans, with few reports on isolation from animals. We provide a detailed characterization (emm typing, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis [PFGE], and multilocus sequence typing [MLST]) of 15 S. pyogenes isolates from animals associated with different clinical backgrounds. We also investigated erythromycin resistance mechanisms and phenotypes and virulence genes. We observed 2 emm types: emm12 (11 isolates) and emm77 (4 isolates). Similarly, we observed 2 genetic linages, sequence type (ST) 26 and ST63...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143805/mechanisms-of-acupuncture-therapy-in-ischemic-stroke-rehabilitation-a-literature-review-of-basic-studies
#2
REVIEW
Lina M Chavez, Shiang-Suo Huang, Iona MacDonald, Jaung-Geng Lin, Yu-Chen Lee, Yi-Hung Chen
Acupuncture is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an alternative and complementary strategy for stroke treatment and for improving stroke care. Clinical trial and meta-analysis findings have demonstrated the efficacy of acupuncture in improving balance function, reducing spasticity, and increasing muscle strength and general well-being post-stroke. The mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of acupuncture in stroke rehabilitation remain unclear. The aim of this study was to conduct a literature review, summarize the current known mechanisms in ischemic stroke rehabilitation through acupuncture and electroacupuncture (EA) therapy, and to detail the frequently used acupoints implicated in these effects...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138301/genomic-variation-and-evolution-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-st36-over-the-course-of-a-transcontinental-epidemic-expansion
#3
Jaime Martinez-Urtaza, Ronny van Aerle, Michel Abanto, Julie Haendiges, Robert A Myers, Joaquin Trinanes, Craig Baker-Austin, Narjol Gonzalez-Escalona
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is the leading cause of seafood-related infections with illnesses undergoing a geographic expansion. In this process of expansion, the most fundamental change has been the transition from infections caused by local strains to the surge of pandemic clonal types. Pandemic clone sequence type 3 (ST3) was the only example of transcontinental spreading until 2012, when ST36 was detected outside the region where it is endemic in the U.S. Pacific Northwest causing infections along the U.S. northeast coast and Spain...
November 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137652/characterization-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-isolates-from-austrian-companion-animals-and-horses
#4
Maximilian Ginders, Michael Leschnik, Frank Künzel, Doris Kampner, Claudia Mikula, Georg Steindl, Inga Eichhorn, Andrea T Feßler, Stefan Schwarz, Joachim Spergser, Igor Loncaric
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the genetic relatedness and the antimicrobial resistance profiles of a collection of Austrian Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from companion animals and horses. A total of 12 non-repetitive isolates presumptively identified as S. pneumoniae were obtained during routinely diagnostic activities between March 2009 and January 2017. RESULTS: Isolates were confirmed as S. pneumoniae by bile solubility and optochin susceptibility testing, matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry and sequence analysis of a part recA and the 16S rRNA genes...
November 14, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117064/electroacupuncture-pretreatment-attenuates-acute-lung-injury-through-%C3%AE-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-mediated-inhibition-of-hmgb1-release-in-rats-after-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#5
Zhankui Wang, Lei Hou, Hao Yang, Jiaxi Ge, Shaocheng Wang, Weitian Tian, Xiangrui Wang, Zhongwei Yang
Acute lung injury is a common complication after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (α7nAChR) and α7nAChR-dependent cholinergic signaling are implicated in suppressing the release of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and reducing the inflammatory response. A previous study has shown the electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment induces tolerance against lung injury. However, the role of EA in CPB is poorly understood. This study employed EA and a rat model of CPB to determine whether EA was associated with CPB-induced lung injury...
November 7, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103083/laser-acupuncture-induced-analgesic-effect-and-molecular-alterations-in-an-incision-pain-model-a-comparison-with-electroacupuncture-induced-effects
#6
Yen-Jing Zeng, Yu-Hsiang Lin, You-Cheng Wang, Ju-Hsin Chang, Jih-Huah Wu, Sheng-Feng Hsu, Shih-Ying Tsai, Ching-Huang Lin, Yeong-Ray Wen
Low-level laser acupuncture (LLLA) produces photobiomodulation through acupuncture point and is an alternative to low-level laser therapy. Although the analgesic effect of LLLA on chronic pain has been proven, its effect on acute postincisional pain has yet to be investigated. A plantar incision (PI) model was used to mimic human postsurgical pain. Male adult rats received GaAlAs laser irradiation at the right ST36 acupoint immediately after operation and on the following 4 days. Three laser treatment groups (two red laser groups with a 30- or 15-min treatment duration and one 30-min near-infrared laser group) were compared with sham LLLA and naive groups and an electroacupuncture (EA) group (separate study)...
November 4, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102965/electroacupuncture-in-rats-infected-with-strongyloides-venezuelensis-effects-on-gastrointestinal-transit-and-parasitological-measurements
#7
Luana Dos Anjos-Ramos, Loyane Almeida Gama, Andrieli Taise Hauschildt, Ricardo Toshio Fujiwara, Luciana Aparecida Corá, Madileine Francely Américo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at ST36 and CV12 on gastrointestinal transit and parasitological measurements during Strongyloides venezuelensis infection in rats. DESIGN: Rats were infected with S. venezuelensis and allocated to one of three groups that were infected and remaineduntreated (SV group, n=8), infected and treated with EA at CV12 (SV+CV12 group, n=8) or infected and treated with EA at ST36 (SV+ST36 group, n=8). EA was performed every 3 days over a 21-day period, at 4 mA intensity and 15 Hz frequency for 20 min...
November 4, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029639/efficacy-differences-of-electroacupuncture-with-single-acupoint-or-matching-acupoints-for-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Bo Chen, Yang Guo, Xue Zhao, Li-Li Gao, Bo Li, Tian-Yi Zhao, Qi-Wen Zhang, Jin-Xing Zou, Ming-Yue Li, Yong-Ming Guo, Yi Guo, Xing-Fan Pan
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that acupuncture is beneficial for the alleviation of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. However, there is a lack of clinical evidence concerning the effects of acupoint-matching on chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a parallel randomized controlled trial to evaluate the occurrence of nausea and vomiting after chemotherapy (the incidence of nausea and vomiting, frequency, VAS score, RINVR rating) as the main outcome for cancer...
October 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965933/electroacupuncture-suppresses-morphine-reward-seeking-behavior-lateral-hypothalamic-orexin-neurons-implicated
#9
Xueqi Wang, Boyuan Zhang, Longzao Zhang, Sheng Liu
The orexin system specifically located in the lateral hypothalamus (LH) has been shown to play a unique role in reward seeking, drug relapse, and addiction. In this study, we investigated the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on morphine conditioned place preference (CPP), reinstatement of extinguished CPP, and the expression of orexin in the LH. A two-chamber CPP model was used to measure the rewarding properties of morphine. 2Hz EA at points BL23 and ST36 was carried out for 30min daily before morphine injection on three conditioning days...
November 20, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930002/investigation-of-outbreaks-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium-and-its-monophasic-variants-using-whole-genome-sequencing-denmark
#10
Pernille Gymoese, Gitte Sørensen, Eva Litrup, John Elmerdal Olsen, Eva Møller Nielsen, Mia Torpdahl
Whole-genome sequencing is rapidly replacing current molecular typing methods for surveillance purposes. Our study evaluates core-genome single-nucleotide polymorphism analysis for outbreak detection and linking of sources of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and its monophasic variants during a 7-month surveillance period in Denmark. We reanalyzed and defined 8 previously characterized outbreaks from the phylogenetic relatedness of the isolates, epidemiologic data, and food traceback investigations. All outbreaks were identified, and we were able to exclude unrelated and include additional related human cases...
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915981/transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-improves-the-outcomes-of-in-vitro-fertilization-a-prospective-randomized-and-controlled-study
#11
Fan Qu, Fang-Fang Wang, Yan Wu, Jue Zhou, Nicola Robinson, Paul J Hardiman, Jie-Xue Pan, Yi-Jing He, Yu-Hang Zhu, Han-Zhi Wang, Xiao-Qun Ye, Ke-Lin He, Long Cui, Hong-Li Zhao, Ying-Hui Ye
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) can improve the outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF). DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, and controlled study. SETTING: IVF center in a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred and eighty-one infertile patients with bilateral tubal blockage who were referred for IVF. Patients were randomized into four groups. INTERVENTION: TEAS was administered for 30min, respectively, at 24h before TVOR and two hours before ET...
September 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913350/neuronal-regeneration-after-electroacupuncture-treatment-in-ischemia-reperfusion-injured-cerebral-infarction-rats
#12
Shiang-Lin Liao, Yi-Wen Lin, Ching-Liang Hsieh
Adult neuronal cells which can regenerate have been reported. The present study investigated whether acupuncture enhances neuronal regeneration in ischemic stroke rats. We established an ischemic stroke rat model by occluding the cerebral blood flow of the right middle cerebral artery for 15 minutes and then allowing reperfusion in Sprague-Dawley rats. The results indicated that, in these rats, 2 Hz electroacupuncture (EA) at both Zusanli (ST36) and Shangjuxu (ST37) acupoints reduced the infarction/hemisphere ratio 8 days after reperfusion and reduced the modified neurological severity score (mNSS) and increased the rotarod test time 4 and 8 days after reperfusion, respectively...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900462/comparison-of-the-therapeutic-effects-of-acupuncture-at-pc6-and-st36-for-chronic-myocardial-ischemia
#13
Li Shi, Jiliang Fang, Jiping Zhao, Guiyong Liu, Qing Zhao, Jinling Zhang, Jinzhao Zhang, Bing Zhu, Fanrong Liang, Peijing Rong
We aimed to compare the differences of the effects on chronic myocardial ischemia (MI) of acupuncture at PC6 and ST36. The chronic MI model of minipigs was created by implanting an Ameroid constrictor on the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) and then two weeks' acupuncture was stimulated at PC6 or ST36, respectively. The results showed that both acupoints' stimulation decreased the serous cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and ischemia modified albumin (IMA) significantly and improved the ischemic ECG changes...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883882/effects-of-combined-far-infrared-radiation-and-acupuncture-at-st36-on-peripheral-blood-perfusion-and-autonomic-activities
#14
Cheng-Chan Yang, Gen-Min Lin, Jen-Hung Wang, Hsiao-Chiang Chu, Hsien-Tsai Wu, Jian-Jung Chen, Cheuk-Kwan Sun
Using four-channel photoplethysmography (PPG) for acquiring peripheral arterial waveforms, this study investigated vascular and autonomic impacts of combined acupuncture-far infrared radiation (FIR) in improving peripheral circulation. Twenty healthy young adults aged 25.5 ± 4.6 were enrolled for 30-minute measurement. Each subject underwent four treatment strategies, including acupuncture at ST36 (Zusanli), pseudoacupuncture, FIR, and combined acupuncture-FIR at different time points. Response was assessed at 5-minute intervals...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852400/long-term-acupuncture-treatment-has-a-multi-targeting-regulation-on-multiple-brain-regions-in-rats-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-positron-emission-tomography-study
#15
Yang-Jia Lu, Xiao-Wen Cai, Gui-Feng Zhang, Yong Huang, Chun-Zhi Tang, Bao-Ci Shan, Shao-Yang Cui, Jun-Qi Chen, Shan-Shan Qu, Zheng Zhong, Xin-Sheng Lai, Genevieve Zara Steiner
The acute effect of acupuncture on Alzheimer's disease, i.e., on brain activation during treatment, has been reported. However, the effect of long-term acupuncture on brain activation in Alzheimer's disease is unclear. Therefore, in this study, we performed long-term needling at Zusanli (ST36) or a sham point (1.5 mm lateral to ST36) in a rat Alzheimer's disease model, for 30 minutes, once per day, for 30 days. The rats underwent (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography scanning. Positron emission tomography images were processed with SPM2...
July 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839994/transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-teas-relieved-cancer-related-fatigue-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc-patients-after-chemotherapy
#16
Lili Hou, Caicun Zhou, Yifan Wu, Ying Yu, Yinqing Hu
BACKGROUND: To explore the effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) approach on cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) chemotherapy patients. METHODS: A total of 162 participants who treated with gemcitabine combined with platinum-based drugs (GP chemotherapy) were randomly assigned to three groups: Control (Group A, n=56), Sham TEAS (Group B, n=49), and TEAS (Group C, n=57). The following acupoints were used in this study: Qihai (CV6), Keshu (UB17), and Zusanli (ST36)...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818674/effects-of-electroacupuncture-administered-24hours-prior-to-surgery-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-and-pain-in-patients-undergoing-gynecologic-laparoscopic-surgery-a-feasibility-study
#17
Sha Li, Man Zheng, Wenzhong Wu, Jie Guo, Fangbin Ji, Zhen Zheng
OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of preoperative electroacupuncture (EA), delivered 24hours before surgery, on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and postoperative pain in patients undergoing gynecologic laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 40 patients scheduled for elective gynecologic laparoscopic surgery were randomly assigned to the usual care (UC) group and the EA group (n = 20 each)...
June 30, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810910/comprehensive-evaluation-of-gene-expression-signatures-in-response-to-electroacupuncture-stimulation-at-zusanli-st36-acupoint-by-transcriptomic-analysis
#18
Jing-Shan Wu, Hsin-Yi Lo, Chia-Cheng Li, Feng-Yuan Chen, Chien-Yun Hsiang, Tin-Yun Ho
BACKGROUND: Electroacupuncture (EA) has been applied to treat and prevent diseases for years. However, molecular events happened in both the acupunctured site and the internal organs after EA stimulation have not been clarified. METHODS: Here we applied transcriptomic analysis to explore the gene expression signatures after EA stimulation. Mice were applied EA stimulation at ST36 for 15 min and nine tissues were collected three hours later for microarray analysis...
August 15, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810542/electroacupuncture-promotes-axonal-regeneration-in-rats-with-focal-cerebral-ischemia-through-the-downregulation-of-nogo-a-ngr-rhoa-rock-signaling
#19
Saie Huang, Danxia Huang, Jiapei Zhao, Lidian Chen
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the axonal regeneration environment following cerebral ischemia injury and to investigate whether it was associated with Nogo-A/Nogo receptor (NgR)/RhoA/Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) signaling. Using a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia, the effects of EA at the Quchi (LI11) and Zusanli (ST36) acupoints on axonal growth inhibitory protein and axonal growth factors were assessed and the underlying molecular mechanisms were investigated...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761425/electroacupuncture-regulates-the-stress-injury-repair-chain-of-events-after-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#20
Peng Shi, Lin-Lin Sun, Yi-Shuo Lee, Ya Tu
Inflammation after stroke is the main cause of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Cascading events after injury can lead to cell death. Heat shock protein 70 and other endogenous injury-signaling molecules are released by damaged cells, which can lead to systemic stress reactions. Protecting the brain through repair begins with the stress-injury-repair signaling chain. This study aimed to verify whether acupuncture acts through this chain to facilitate effective treatment of ischemic stroke. Rat models of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury were established by Zea Longa's method, and injury sites were identified by assessing neurological function, 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining, and hematoxylin-eosin staining...
June 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
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