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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728058/high-prevalence-of-esbls-in-retail-chicken-meat-despite-reduced-use-of-antimicrobials-in-chicken-production-france
#1
Tiago Casella, Mara Correa Lelles Nogueira, Estelle Saras, Marisa Haenni, Jean-Yves Madec
Extended-spectrum cephalosporins (ESCs) are critically important antibiotics for humans and their use in animals poses a potential threat for public health. Chicken represents an increasing part of the human diet and has also been regarded as a source of ESC-resistant Enterobacteriaceae because of the worldwide off-label use of ceftiofur, a broad-spectrum cephalosporin. Thus, numerous studies pointed out chicken as a reservoir of ESBL/pAmpC genes, plasmids and/or clones at risk for humans. In France, late 2011, strong political pressure led to a drastic reduction of ceftiofur use and all other antibiotics in chicken production...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713979/roles-of-electro-acupuncture-in-glucose-metabolism-as-assessed-by-18f-fdg-pet-imaging-and-ampk%C3%AE-phosphorylation-in-rats-with-ischemic-stroke
#2
Jingsong Wu, Bingbing Lin, Weilin Liu, Jia Huang, Guanhao Shang, Yunjiao Lin, Lulu Wang, Lidian Chen, Jing Tao
Targeted energy metabolism balance contributes to neural survival during ischemic stroke. Herein, we tested the hypothesis that electro‑acupuncture (EA) can enhance cerebral glucose metabolism assessed by 18F‑fluorodeoxyglucose/positron emission tomography (18F‑FDG/PET) imaging to prevent propagation of tissue damage and improve neurological outcome in rats subjected to ischemia and reperfusion injury. Rats underwent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and received EA treatment at the LI11 and ST36 acupoints or non‑acupoint treatment once a day for 7 days...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712480/bee-venom-acupuncture-reduces-interleukin-6-increases-interleukin-10-and-induces-locomotor-recovery-in-a-model-of-spinal-cord-compression
#3
Raquel Nascimento de Souza, Fernanda Kohn Silva, Magda Alves de Medeiros
Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) initiate a series of molecular and cellular events in which inflammatory responses can lead to major neurological dysfunctions. The present study aims to investigate whether bee venom (BV) acupuncture applied at acupoints ST36 (Zusanli) and GV3 (Yaoyangquan) could minimize locomotor deficits and the magnitude of neural tissue losses, and change the balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines after an SCI by compression. Wistar rats were subjected to an SCI model by compression in which a 2-French Fogarty embolectomy catheter was inflated in the extradural space...
June 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689186/acupuncture-attenuates-hyperglycaemia-and-improves-ovarian-function-in-female-rats-subjected-to-continuous-light-exposure
#4
Xuezhi Kang, Lina Jia, Yaming Li, Xu Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to unnatural light cycles is increasingly associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on glucose metabolism and ovarian function in female rats subjected to long-term continuous light exposure. METHODS: Female Sprague-Dawley rats (n=24) were divided into three experimental groups: an LD group that was maintained under a normal light-dark cycle (healthy control); an LL group that was exposed to continuous light for 21 weeks but remained untreated; and an LL+EA group that received EA at ST36 and SP6 during weeks 17 to 21 of continuous light exposure...
July 8, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687650/parallel-evolution-of-two-clades-of-a-major-atlantic-endemic-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-pathogen-lineage-by-independent-acquisition-of-related-pathogenicity-islands
#5
Feng Xu, Narjol Gonzalez-Escalona, Kevin P Drees, Robert P Sebra, Vaughn S Cooper, Stephen H Jones, Cheryl A Whistler
Shellfish-transmitted Vibrio parahaemolyticus infections have recently increased from locations with historically low disease incidence, such as the Northeast United States (US). This change coincided with a bacterial population shift towards human pathogenic variants occurring in part through the introduction of several Pacific native lineages (ST36, ST43 and ST636) to near-shore areas off the Atlantic coast of the Northeast US. Concomitantly, ST631 emerged as a major endemic pathogen. Phylogenetic trees of clinical and environmental isolates indicated that two clades diverged from a common ST631 ancestor, and in each of these clades, a human pathogenic variant evolved independently through acquisition of distinct Vibrio pathogenicity islands (VPaI)...
July 7, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684276/role-of-capsaicin-and-heat-sensitive-afferents-in-stimulation-of-acupoint-induced-pain-and-analgesia-in-humans
#6
Jing Lei, Gang Ye, Jiang-Tao Wu, Antti Pertovaara, Hao-Jun You
We investigated role of capsaicin-sensitive afferents within and without the areas of Zusanli (ST36)/Shangjuxu (ST37) acupoints along the stomach (ST) meridian in the perception and modulation of pain assessed by visual analog scale of pain and its distribution rated by subjects, pressure pain threshold (PPT), and heat pain threshold (HPT) in humans. Compared with the treatment of non-acupoint area, capsaicin (100µg/50µl) administered into either ST36 or ST37 acupoint caused the strongest pain intensity and the most extensive pain distribution, followed by rapid onset, bilateral, long-lasting secondary mechanical hyperalgesia and slower onset secondary heat hypoalgesia (1day after the capsaicin treatment)...
July 3, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682953/role-of-sigma-1-receptor-p38-mapk-inhibition-in-acupoint-catgut-embedding-mediated-analgesic-effects-in-complete-freund-s-adjuvant-induced-inflammatory-pain
#7
Kairong Du, Xue Wang, Laiting Chi, Wenzhi Li
BACKGROUND: The endoplasmic reticulum chaperone protein Sigma-1 receptor (Sig-1 R) and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are involved in the mechanism of pain. Acupoint stimulation exerts an exact antihyperalgesic effect in inflammatory pain. However, whether Sig-1 R and MAPKs are associated with the acupoint stimulation-induced analgesic effects is not clear. This study investigated the analgesic effect of acupoint catgut embedding (ACE) and the inhibition of Sig-1 R and MAPKs in ACE analgesia...
August 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679410/moxibustion-for-cancer-related-fatigue-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Mikyung Kim, Jung-Eun Kim, Hye-Yoon Lee, Ae-Ran Kim, Hyo-Ju Park, O-Jin Kwon, Eun-Jung Kim, Yeon-Cheol Park, Byung-Kwan Seo, Jung Hyo Cho, Joo-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue is one of the most common symptoms experienced by cancer patients, and it diminishes their quality of life. However, there is currently no confirmed standard treatment for cancer-related fatigue, and thus, many patients who suffer cancer-related fatigue seek complementary and alternative medicines such as moxibustion. Moxibustion is one of the most popular therapies in traditional Korean medicine used to manage fatigue. Recent studies have also demonstrated that moxibustion is effective for treating chronic fatigue...
July 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624772/effects-of-electroacupuncture-on-the-cortical-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinase-pathway-in-rats-with-cerebral-ischaemia-reperfusion
#9
Chunxiao Wu, Chun Li, Guoping Zhou, Lu Yang, Guimei Jiang, Jing Chen, Qiushi Li, Zhulian Zhan, Xiuhong Xu, Xin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on the phosphorylated extracellular signal regulated kinase (p-ERK) pathway of the cerebral cortex in a rat model of focal cerebral ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R). METHODS: 160 adult Sprague-Dawley rats underwent middle carotid artery occlusion (MCAO) to establish I/R injury and were randomly divided into four groups (n=40 each) that remained untreated (I/R group) or received EA at LU5, LI4, ST36 and SP6 (I/R+EA group), the ERK inhibitor PD98059 (I/R+PD group), or both interventions (I/R+PD+EA groups)...
June 17, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616042/cerebral-mechanism-of-puncturing-at-he-mu-point-combination-for-functional-dyspepsia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-parallel-trial
#10
Shuai Yin, Yuan Chen, Du Lei, Rui-Rui Sun, Ting-Ting Ma, Pei-Min Feng, Zhao-Xuan He, Xue-Ling Suo, Pei-Hong Ma, Yu-Zhu Qu, Ke Qiu, Miao-Miao Jing, Qi-Yong Gong, Fan-Rong Liang, Jiao Chen, Fang Zeng
Acupuncture is widely used to treat functional dyspepsia with satisfactory outcomes. Combination of the He and Mu acupoints is commonly used and has a synergistic effect on functional dyspepsia; however, its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, a randomized controlled parallel clinical trial is currently underway at Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China. This trial is designed to explore the efficacy of and central responses to the He-Mu point combination in patients with functional dyspepsia using functional magnetic resonance imaging...
May 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600329/effect-of-electroacupuncture-on-thermal-pain-threshold-and-expression-of-calcitonin-gene-related-peptide-substance-p-and-%C3%AE-aminobutyric-acid-in-the-cervical-dorsal-root-ganglion-of-rats-with-incisional-neck-pain
#11
Li-Na Qiao, Jun-Ling Liu, Lian-Hong Tan, Hai-Long Yang, Xu Zhai, Yong-Sheng Yang
OBJECTIVE: Acupuncture therapy effectively reduces post-surgical pain, but its mechanism of action remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate whether expression of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and the neuropeptides substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the primary sensory neurons of cervical dorsal root ganglia (DRG) are involved in electroacupuncture (EA)-induced analgesia in a rat model of incisional neck pain. METHODS: The pain model was established by making a longitudinal midline neck incision in 60 rats...
June 9, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589298/changes-in-esophageal-motility-after-acupuncture
#12
Felipe M Vieira, Fernando A M Herbella, Daniel H Habib, Marco G Patti
BACKGROUND: Chinese medicine is widely used in the East with good results for the treatment of many diseases. Acupuncture has been increasingly used and recognized as a complementary medical treatment. Some studies on gastrointestinal motility are available; however, acupuncture effect on esophageal motility is still elusive due to the lack of studies with adequate methodology. This study aims to evaluate acupuncture effect on esophageal motility. METHODS: We studied 16 (50% females, mean age 26 years) volunteers...
August 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573231/moxibustion-alleviates-gastric-precancerous-lesions-in-rats-by-promoting-cell-apoptosis-and-inhibiting-proliferation-related-oncogenes
#13
Li Peng, Yu-Feng Xie, Chen-Guang Wang, Huan-Gan Wu, Mi Liu, Ya-Dong Wang, Fu-Qiang Ma, Xiao-Rong Chang, Zong-Bao Yang
BACKGROUND: It is well known that gastric mucosa dysplasia and intestinal metaplasia are gastric precancerous lesions (GPL). Moxibustion treatment of Liangmen (ST21) and Zusanli (ST36) alleviated the inflammatory response and dysplasia of gastric mucosa in our previous study. The purpose of this study was to further examine the underlying mechanism of moxibustion treatment of ST21 and ST36 on GPL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty SD rats were divided into five groups and rats with GPL were treated with either moxibustion (ST), moxibustion (Sham), or vitacoenzyme...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532415/hemodynamic-changes-caused-by-acupuncture-in-healthy-volunteers-a-prospective-single-arm-exploratory-clinical-study
#14
Tae-Hun Kim, Boncho Ku, Jang-Han Bae, Jae-Young Shin, Min-Ho Jun, Jung Won Kang, Junghwan Kim, Jun-Hwan Lee, Jaeuk U Kim
BACKGROUND: Radial pressure pulse wave (RPPW) examination has been a key diagnostic component of traditional Chinese medicine. The objective of this study was to investigate the changes in RPPW along with various hemodynamic variables after acupuncture stimulation and to examine the validity of pulse diagnosis as a modern diagnostic tool. METHODS: We conducted acupuncture stimulation at both ST36 acupuncture points in 25 healthy volunteers. We simultaneously assessed the RPPW by pulse tonometry; heart rate variability (HRV) by electrocardiogram; photoplethysmogram (PPG) signals, respiration rate, peripheral blood flow velocity and arterial depth by ultrasonography; and cardiac output by impedance cardiography, before, during and after a session of acupuncture stimulation...
May 22, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493082/electro-acupuncture-at-zusanli-acupoint-st36-suppresses-inflammation-in-allergic-contact-dermatitis-via-triggering-local-il-10-production-and-inhibiting-p38-mapk-activation
#15
Zhigang Wang, Tao Yi, Man Long, Yisen Gao, Chunhao Cao, Chenwei Huang, Qian Wang, Nina Yin, Zebin Chen
Acupuncture has shown beneficial effect in the treatment of multiple dermatologic conditions including dermatitis, pruritus, urticaria, and hyperhidrosis; however, the detailed mechanisms are still kept unclear. This study aimed to investigate if electro-acupuncture (EA) treatment prevents 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB)-induced allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in rats and explore its underlying mechanisms. ACD was induced by sensitizing and challenging with DNFB topically. Rats were treated daily following bilateral subcutaneous stimulation of EA at Zusanli acupoint (ST36) for 1 week...
August 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483185/effect-of-acupuncture-on-post-implant-paresthesia
#16
Crischina Branco Marques Sant'Anna, Paulo Renato Junqueira Zuim, Daniela Atili Brandini, Aimée Maria Guiotti, Joao Batista Vieira, Karina Helga Leal Turcio
Paresthesia is defined as an alteration in local sensibility, associated with numbness, tingling, or unpleasant sensations caused by nerve lesions or irritation. It can be temporary or permanent. The treatment protocol for facial paresthesia is primarily based on the use of drugs and implant removal, which may not be completely effective or may require other risk exposure when there is no spontaneous regression. However, other therapeutic modalities such as acupuncture can be used. The aim of this study is to report a case of a patient with paresthesia of the inferior alveolar nerve and pain caused by an implant surgery performed 2 years earlier...
April 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469655/electroacupuncture-reduces-apoptotic-index-and-inhibits-p38-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-signaling-pathway-in-the-hippocampus-of-rats-with-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#17
Xiao Lan, Xin Zhang, Guo-Ping Zhou, Chun-Xiao Wu, Chun Li, Xiu-Hong Xu
Electroacupuncture attenuates cerebral hypoxia and neuronal apoptosis induced by cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. To further identify the involved mechanisms, we assumed that electroacupuncture used to treat cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury was associated with the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. We established rat models of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury using the modified Zea-Longa's method. At 30 minutes before model establishment, p38 MAPK blocker SB20358 was injected into the left lateral ventricles...
March 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456767/st36-electroacupuncture-activates-nnos-inos-and-atp-sensitive-potassium-channels-to-promote-orofacial-antinociception-in-rats
#18
R T Almeida, G Galdino, A C Perez, G Silva, T R Romero, I D Duarte
Orofacial pain is pain perceived in the face and/or oral cavity, generally caused by diseases or disorders of regional structures, by dysfunction of the nervous system, or through referral from distant sources. Treatment of orofacial pain is mainly pharmacological, but it has increased the number of reports demonstrating great clinical results with the use of non-pharmacological therapies, among them electroacupuncture. However, the mechanisms involved in the electroacupuncture are not well elucidated. Thus, the present study investigate the involvement of the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and ATP sensitive K(+) channels (KATP) in the antinociception induced by electroacupuncture (EA) at acupoint St36...
February 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451815/laser-acupuncture-versus-reflexology-therapy-in-elderly-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#19
Afnan Sedky Adly, Aya Sedky Adly, Mahmoud Sedky Adly, Zahra M H Serry
The purposes of this study are to determine and compare efficacy of laser acupuncture versus reflexology in elderly with rheumatoid arthritis. Thirty elderly patients with rheumatoid arthritis aged between 60 and 70 years were classified into two groups, 15 patients each. Group A received laser acupuncture therapy (904 nm, beam area of 1cm(2), power 100 mW, power density 100 mW/cm(2), energy dosage 4 J, energy density 4 J/cm(2), irradiation time 40 s, and frequency 100,000 Hz). The acupuncture points that were exposed to laser radiation are LR3, ST25, ST36, SI3, SI4, LI4, LI11, SP6, SP9, GB25, GB34, and HT7...
April 27, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449490/transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-teas-ameliorates-chemotherapy-induced-bone-marrow-suppression-in-lung-cancer-patients
#20
Lili Hou, Fen Gu, Guanghui Gao, Caicun Zhou
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of percutaneous electrical stimulation on chemotherapy-induced bone marrow suppression in patients with lung cancer. METHODS: From December 2014 to August 2015, one hundred ninety-one non-small cell lung cancer patients with chemotherapy naive were randomly divided into control group, medication group, and transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) group. Patients with the control group received routine nursing care, the medication group was treated by oral administration of prophylactic agents, and TEAS group received electrical stimulation of acupoints including Dazhui (DU14), Geshu (BL17), Zusanli (ST36), Sanyinjiao (SP6), and Hegu (LI4)...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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