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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315114/what-should-we-teach-the-teachers-identifying-the-learning-priorities-of-clinical-supervisors
#1
Margaret Bearman, Joanna Tai, Fiona Kent, Vicki Edouard, Debra Nestel, Elizabeth Molloy
Clinicians who teach are essential for the health workforce but require faculty development to improve their educational skills. Curricula for faculty development programs are often based on expert frameworks without consideration of the learning priorities as defined by clinical supervisors themselves. We sought to inform these curricula by highlighting clinical supervisors own requirements through answering the research question: what do clinical supervisors identify as relative strengths and areas for improvement in their teaching practice? This mixed methods study employed a modified version of the Maastricht Clinical Teaching Questionnaire (mMCTQ) which included free-text reflections...
March 17, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306577/peer-assisted-analysis-of-resident-feedback-improves-clinical-teaching-a-case-report
#2
Christine L Mai, Keith Baker
Anesthesiologists play an important role in educating future clinicians. Yet few residency programs incorporate teaching skills into faculty development. Consequently, many anesthesiologists have limited training to supervise and educate residents. In turn, these attendings may receive negative feedback and poor evaluations from residents without a means to effectively improve. Peer-assisted teaching between faculty members may serve as a strategy to improve teaching skills. We report a case of peer-assisted analysis of resident feedback to identify specific areas of concern that were targeted for improvement...
March 16, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301484/health-facility-service-availability-and-readiness-for-intrapartum-and-immediate-postpartum-care-in-malawi-a-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Naoko Kozuki, Lolade Oseni, Angella Mtimuni, Reena Sethi, Tambudzai Rashidi, Fannie Kachale, Barbara Rawlins, Shivam Gupta
This analysis seeks to identify strengths and gaps in the existing facility capacity for intrapartum and immediate postpartum fetal and neonatal care, using data collected as a part of Malawi's Helping Babies Breath program evaluation. From August to September 2012, the Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (MCHIP) conducted a cross-sectional survey in 84 Malawian health facilities to capture current health facility service availability and readiness and health worker capacity and practice pertaining to labor, delivery, and immediate postpartum care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253883/systematic-development-and-implementation-of-interventions-to-optimise-health-literacy-and-access-ophelia
#4
Alison Beauchamp, Roy W Batterham, Sarity Dodson, Brad Astbury, Gerald R Elsworth, Crystal McPhee, Jeanine Jacobson, Rachelle Buchbinder, Richard H Osborne
BACKGROUND: The need for healthcare strengthening to enhance equity is critical, requiring systematic approaches that focus on those experiencing lesser access and outcomes. This project developed and tested the Ophelia (OPtimising HEalth LIteracy and Access) approach for co-design of interventions to improve health literacy and equity of access. Eight principles guided this development: Outcomes focused; Equity driven, Needs diagnosis, Co-design, Driven by local wisdom, Sustainable, Responsive and Systematically applied...
March 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252469/evidence-based-principles-for-using-technology-enhanced-learning-in-the-continuing-professional-development-of-health-professionals
#5
Karen M Scott, Louise Baur, Jenny Barrett
Increasingly, health professional training involves the use of educational technologies through what is broadly termed "Technology-Enhanced Learning" (TEL). TEL includes hardware, such as computers and mobile devices, and software, such as software applications (apps), learning management systems, and discussion boards. For many years, TEL has formed an integral part of health professional programs and is growing in acceptance, if not expectation, in postgraduate training and continuing education. TEL generally aims to be flexible, engaging, learner focused and interactive, and may involve collaboration and communication...
January 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192556/changes-in-postacute-care-in-the-medicare-shared-savings-program
#6
J Michael McWilliams, Lauren G Gilstrap, David G Stevenson, Michael E Chernew, Haiden A Huskamp, David C Grabowski
Importance: Postacute care is thought to be a major source of wasteful spending. The extent to which accountable care organizations (ACOs) can limit postacute care spending has implications for the importance and design of other payment models that include postacute care. Objective: To assess changes in postacute care spending and use of postacute care associated with provider participation as ACOs in the Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) and the pathways by which they occurred...
February 13, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182172/chronic-disease-self-management-support-for-persons-with-dementia-in-a-clinical-setting
#7
Joseph Elias Ibrahim, Laura J Anderson, Aleece MacPhail, Janaka Jonathan Lovell, Marie-Claire Davis, Margaret Winbolt
The burden of chronic disease is greater in individuals with dementia, a patient group that is growing as the population is aging. The cornerstone of optimal management of chronic disease requires effective patient self-management. However, this is particularly challenging in older persons with a comorbid diagnosis of dementia. The impact of dementia on a person's ability to self-manage his/her chronic disease (eg, diabetes mellitus or heart failure) varies according to the cognitive domain(s) affected, severity of impairment and complexity of self-care tasks...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168608/barriers-facilitators-and-benefits-of-implementation-of-dialectical-behavior-therapy-in-routine-care-results-from-a-national-program-evaluation-survey-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#8
Sara J Landes, Allison L Rodriguez, Brandy N Smith, Monica M Matthieu, Lindsay R Trent, Janet Kemp, Caitlin Thompson
National implementation of evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) provides important lessons on the barriers and facilitators to implementation in a large healthcare system. Little is known about barriers and facilitators to the implementation of a complex EBP for emotional and behavioral dysregulation-dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT). The purpose of this study was to understand VHA clinicians' experiences with barriers, facilitators, and benefits from implementing DBT into routine care...
February 6, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152731/clinical-trial-enrollment-expansion-to-the-community
#9
Jessica A Zerillo, Andrea Kruse, Natalie Faye Sinclair, Maureen Patrick, Lauren McGovern, Frances Fuller, Kelly O'Neil, Nicole Hixon, Kristie Weeks, Bruce E Johnson, Ian E Krop, Jen Savoie, Farah Daftary, Michael Constantine, Mona S Kaddis, Humberto A Rossi, Naeem Tahir, Andrew David Norden
112 Background: Oncology patients at community cancer practices generally do not access clinical trials to the same degree as patients at academic medical centers. Collaborations between research and clinical teams across academic hospitals and their affiliated community sites may help to improve this disparity. METHODS: To improve clinical trial enrollment, a multidisciplinary team of research and clinical staff from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute main campus and a community-based satellite site implemented a program to enhance identification of breast cancer patients eligible for clinical trials...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151019/cbt-enhanced-emotion-regulation-as-a-mechanism-of-improvement-for-childhood-irritability
#10
Olivia J Derella, Oliver G Johnston, Rolf Loeber, Jeffrey D Burke
Research supports the clinical importance of childhood irritability, as well as its developmental implications for later anxiety and depression. Appropriate treatment may prevent this progression; however, little evidence exists to guide clinician decision making regarding treatment for chronic irritability symptoms. Given the empirical support for irritability as a dimension of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), behavioral interventions that improve ODD symptoms, especially through emotion regulation training, are strong candidates for identifying effective treatment strategies for irritability...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141784/dreyfus-and-dreyfus-and-indicators-of-behavioral-performance-a-study-of-measurement-convergence
#11
Betsy W Williams, Phil D Byrne, Nathaniel V Williams, Michael V Williams
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of efficacy of continuous professional development is an important part of continuing professional development programing as one of its goals is to increase the performance of the clinicians that serve the community. A frequently used and researched classification system for skill mastery is the Dreyfus and Dreyfus Model of Skill Acquisition. An alternative approach is the core competency framework that informs the assessment of residents and forms the foundation of the American Board of Medical Specialties Program for Maintenance of Certification...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139078/the-effectiveness-of-a-shade-matching-training-program-on-the-dentists-ability-to-match-teeth-color
#12
Reem Alkhudairy, Esam Tashkandi
AIM OF THE STUDY: To study the effectiveness of a structured shade-match training program on dentists' ability to match teeth colors. METHODS: Forty dentists were selected by convenient sampling with normal color vision. The training program is based on visual attention concept and was divided into two parts (educational and training module). Level of knowledge of color was assessed pre and post using a questionnaire. Shade-matching ability was assessed pre and post by using four tabs of the VITA Linearguide 3D-MASTER shade guide (4R1...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134409/-physical-chemical-and-morphological-urine-examination-guidelines-for-the-analytical-phase-from-the-intersociety-urinalysis-group
#13
Fabio Manoni, Gianluca Gessoni, Giovanni Battista Fogazzi, Maria Grazia Alessio, Alberta Caleffi, Giovanni Gambaro, Maria Grazia Epifani, Barbara Pieretti, Angelo Perego, Cosimo Ottomano, Graziella Saccani, Sara Valverde, Sandra Secchiero
With these guidelines the Intersociety Urinalysis Group (GIAU) aims to stimulate the following aspects: Improvement and standardization of the analytical approach to physical, chemical and morphological urine examination (ECMU). Improvement of the chemical analysis of urine with particular regard to the reconsideration of the diagnostic significance of the parameters that are traditionally evaluated in dipstick analysis together with an increasing awareness of the limits of sensitivity and specificity of this analytical method...
November 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131151/facilitating-the-transition-of-nurse-clinician-to-nurse-scientist-significance-of-entry-phd-courses
#14
Deborah K Armstrong, Mary McCurry, Nancy M Dluhy
Transitioning into the role of nurse scientist requires the acquisition of new knowledge but also involves the development of new scholarly skills and the appropriation of the unique values and goals of the new role. Students engaged in doctor of philosophy education in all practice disciplines are confronted with a necessary shift in perspective and identity from that of the practice expert to the research scientist and experience a tension referred to as the research-practice dualism. The purpose of this article is to examine the ramifications of this identity shift in nursing doctor of philosophy education and to detail one program's strategy to address the inherent tension...
January 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121534/a-strategy-for-identifying-and-disseminating-best-practice-innovations-in-the-care-of-patients-with-multiple-chronic-conditions-or-end-of-life-care-needs
#15
Daphna Gans, David A Ganz, Wendy Senelick, Heather E Mccreath, Jessica Jew, Dan Osterweil, Romilla A Batra, Zaldy Tan, Lee A Jennings, David B Reuben
Patients with multiple chronic conditions and those with end-of-life care needs experience high health care costs and needs for skilled coordination and well-trained staff. Focusing on these populations presents an opportunity to improve the patient experience toward the goal of more patient-centered care and reduced costs. Although innovative programs that provide better care to these patient populations have been developed, these innovations are often localized and not actively disseminated to other settings...
July 2016: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116028/characteristics-of-real-time-non-critical-incident-debriefing-practices-in-the-emergency-department
#16
Nur-Ain Nadir, Suzanne Bentley, Dimitrios Papanagnou, Komal Bajaj, Stephan Rinnert, Richard Sinert
INTRODUCTION: Benefits of post-simulation debriefings as an educational and feedback tool have been widely accepted for nearly a decade. Real-time, non-critical incident debriefing is similar to post-simulation debriefing; however, data on its practice in academic emergency departments (ED), is limited. Although tools such as TeamSTEPPS® (Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety) suggest debriefing after complicated medical situations, they do not teach debriefing skills suited to this purpose...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115437/driving-and-dementia-efficient-approach-to-driving-safety-concerns-in-family-practice
#17
REVIEW
Linda Lee, Frank Molnar
OBJECTIVE: To provide primary care physicians with an approach to driving safety concerns when older persons present with memory difficulties. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: The approach is based on an accredited memory clinic training program developed by the Centre for Family Medicine Primary Care Collaborative Memory Clinic. MAIN MESSAGE: One of the most challenging aspects of dementia care is the assessment of driving safety. Drivers with dementia are at higher risk of motor vehicle collisions, yet many drivers with mild dementia might be safely able to continue driving for several years...
January 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062351/training-the-workforce-description-of-a-longitudinal-interdisciplinary-education-and-mentoring-program-in-palliative-care
#18
Stacie Levine, Sean O'Mahony, Aliza Baron, Aziz Ansari, Catherine Deamant, Joel Frader, Ileana Leyva, Michael Marschke, Michael Preodor
CONTEXT: The rapid increase in demand for palliative care (PC) services has led to concerns regarding workforce shortages and threats to the resiliency of PC teams. OBJECTIVES: To describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of a regional interdisciplinary training program in PC. METHODS: Thirty nurse and physician fellows representing 22 health systems across the Chicago region participated in a two-year PC training program. The curriculum was delivered through multiple conferences, self-directed e-learning, and individualized mentoring by expert local faculty (mentors)...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033165/developing-an-adapted-cardiac-rehabilitation-training-for-home-care-clinicians-patient-perspectives-clinician-knowledge-and-curriculum-overview
#19
Jodi L Feinberg, David Russell, Ana Mola, Kathryn H Bowles, Terri H Lipman
PURPOSE: There is limited evidence that home care clinicians receive education on the core competencies of cardiac rehabilitation (CR). This article describes the development and implementation of a CR training program adapted for home care clinicians, which incorporated the viewpoints of homebound patients with cardiovascular disease. METHODS: Literature and guideline reviews were performed to glean curriculum content, supplemented with themes identified among patients and clinicians...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012887/-the-actualized-neurosurgeon-a-proposed-model-of-surgical-resident-development
#20
Nir Lipsman, Osaama Khan, Abhaya V Kulkarni
BACKGROUND: Modern neurosurgical training is both physically and emotionally demanding, posing significant challenges, new and old, to residents as well as programs attempting to train safe, competent surgeons. Models to describe resident development, such as the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education competencies and milestones, address the acquisition of specific skills but largely ignore the stresses and pressures unique to each stage of resident training. METHODS: We propose an alternative model of resident development adapted from the developmental psychology literature...
March 2017: World Neurosurgery
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