keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Objective structured clinical exam

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098483/academic-performance-on-first-year-medical-school-exams-how-well-does-it-predict-later-performance-on-knowledge-based-and-clinical-assessments
#1
Edward Krupat, Stephen R Pelletier, Jules L Dienstag
Number of appearances in the bottom quartile of 1st-year medical school exams were used to represent the extent to which students were having academic difficulties. Medical educators have long expressed a desire to have indicators of medical student performance that have strong predictive validity. Predictors traditionally used fell into 4 general categories: demographic (e.g., gender), other background factors (e.g., college major), performance/aptitude (e.g., medical college admission test scores), and noncognitive factors (e...
January 18, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095824/community-based-health-care-is-an-essential-component-of-a-resilient-health-system-evidence-from-ebola-outbreak-in-liberia
#2
Kendra Siekmans, Salim Sohani, Tamba Boima, Florence Koffa, Luay Basil, Saïd Laaziz
BACKGROUND: Trained community health workers (CHW) enhance access to essential primary health care services in contexts where the health system lacks capacity to adequately deliver them. In Liberia, the Ebola outbreak further disrupted health system function. The objective of this study is to examine the value of a community-based health system in ensuring continued treatment of child illnesses during the outbreak and the role that CHWs had in Ebola prevention activities. METHODS: A descriptive observational study design used mixed methods to collect data from CHWs (structured survey, n = 60; focus group discussions, n = 16), government health facility workers and project staff...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090108/a-process-for-curricular-improvement-based-on-evaluation-of-student-performance-on-milestone-examinations
#3
Marcy Hernick, Ann C Hylton, Michael Justice
Objective. To identify and address areas for curricular improvement by evaluating student achievement of expected learning outcomes and competencies on annual milestone examinations. Design. Students were tested each professional year with a comprehensive milestone examination designed to evaluate student achievement of learning outcomes and professional competencies using a combination of multiple-choice questions, standardized patient assessments (SPAs), and objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) questions...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090107/developing-a-framework-for-objective-structured-clinical-examinations-using-the-nominal-group-technique
#4
Safeera Y Hussainy, Matthew F Crum, Paul J White, Ian Larson, Daniel T Malone, David T Manallack, Joseph A Nicolazzo, Jennifer McDowell, Angelina S Lim, Carl M Kirkpatrick
Objective. To use the nominal group technique to develop a framework to improve existing and develop new objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) within a four-year bachelor of pharmacy course. Design. Using the nominal group technique, a unique method of group interview that combines qualitative and quantitative data collection, focus groups were conducted with faculty members, practicing pharmacists, and undergraduate pharmacy students. Five draft OSCEs frameworks were suggested and participants were asked to generate new framework ideas...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088840/evaluation-of-a-short-term-training-program-in-bedside-emergency-ultrasound-in-southwestern-tanzania
#5
Mark Shaffer, Heather A Brown, Chloé McCoy, Prosper Bashaka
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of a short-term training program in emergency ultrasound on physician skills and attitudes in southwestern Tanzania. METHODS: Eight registrar physicians at Mbeya Zonal Referral Hospital (Mbeya, Tanzania) underwent a 5-day course in bedside emergency ultrasound, focusing primarily on the focused assessment with sonography for trauma examination, including didactic sessions, practical sessions, and on-job training. The impact on ultrasound knowledge was assessed by pretest and posttest evaluations...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088171/assessing-the-sustainability-of-daily-chlorhexidine-bathing-in-the-intensive-care-unit-of-a-veteran-s-hospital-by-examining-nurses-perspectives-and-experiences
#6
Jackson S Musuuza, Tonya J Roberts, Pascale Carayon, Nasia Safdar
BACKGROUND: Daily bathing with chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) of intensive care unit (ICU) patients has been shown to reduce healthcare-associated infections and colonization by multidrug resistant organisms. The objective of this project was to describe the process of daily CHG bathing and identify the barriers and facilitators that can influence its successful adoption and sustainability in an ICU of a Veterans Administration Hospital. METHODS: We conducted 26 semi-structured interviews with a convenience sample of 4 nurse managers (NMs), 13 registered nurses (RNs) and 9 health care technicians (HCTs) working in the ICU...
January 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086879/validity-evidence-for-two-objective-structured-clinical-examination-stations-to-evaluate-core-skills-of-the-shoulder-and-knee-assessment
#7
Michael J Battistone, Andrea M Barker, J Peter Beck, Robert Z Tashjian, Grant W Cannon
BACKGROUND: We developed two objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) to educate and evaluate trainees in the evaluation and management of shoulder and knee pain. Our objective was to examine the evidence for validity of these OSCEs. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team of content experts developed checklists of exam maneuvers and criteria to guide rater observations. Content was proposed by faculty, supplemented by literature review, and finalized using a Delphi process...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076008/pictorial-review-of-false-positive-results-on-radioiodine-scintigrams-of-patients-with-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#8
Amy V Chudgar, Jagruti C Shah
Radioiodine has served an important role in the diagnostic workup and treatment of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer for more than 6 decades. The interpretation of radioiodine scintigraphic studies should be performed in conjunction with a comprehensive history, histopathologic correlation, and pertinent laboratory values, as well as correlation with available anatomic images and the findings from physical examination. A thorough understanding of the physiology and biodistribution of radioiodine is critical when interpreting radioiodine scintigraphic studies to avoid misinterpretation of physiologic and nonthyroid pathologic variants as thyroid cancer metastases...
January 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065958/role-of-clinical-skill-centre-in-undergraduate-medical-education-initial-experience-at-rehman-medical-college-peshawar
#9
Zainab Shafiq, Tariq Saeed Mufti, Iftikhar Qayum
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of students on clinical skill factors and to measure the satisfaction level of students related to the training. METHODS: The descriptive study was conducted at Rehman Medical College, Peshawar, Pakistan, from August 1 to September 15, 2013, and comprised all third-year medical students who had undergone clinical skill training. Their performance was evaluated through end-of-module objective structured clinical examination. Students' feedback measuring satisfaction on a five-point Likert scale was obtained on a designed validated tool...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065441/clinimetric-evaluation-of-the-vascular-quality-of-life-questionnaire-in-patients-with-lower-limb-ischaemia
#10
A P Conijn, T B K Santema, S Bipat, M J W Koelemay, R J de Haan
OBJECTIVES: Although commonly used to measure health related quality of life in patients with lower limb ischaemia, the measurement properties of the VascuQol and its assumed underlying health dimensions have not been studied in depth. The objective of this study was therefore to evaluate aspects of reliability and validity of the Dutch version of the VascuQol in patients with intermittent claudication (IC) and critical limb ischaemia (CLI). METHODS: Two datasets containing 195 patients with IC and 150 patients with CLI were used...
January 4, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057949/impact-of-targeted-educational-interventions-on-clostridium-difficile-infection-treatment-in-critically-ill-adults
#11
Drayton A Hammond, Catherine A Hughes, Jacob T Painter, Rose E Pennick, Kshitij Chatterjee, Bradley Boye, Nikhil Meena
Background: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a growing clinical and economic burden throughout the world. Pharmacists often are members of the primary care team in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting; however, the impact of pharmacists educating other health care providers on appropriateness of CDI treatment has not been previously examined. Objective: This study was performed to determine the impact of structured educational interventions on CDI treatment on appropriateness of CDI treatment and clinical outcomes...
December 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054824/beyond-binary-exploring-the-merits-of-three-depression-groups-in-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Margaret H Cadden, Jessica E Meyer, Peter A Arnett
OBJECTIVE: Depression has been traditionally explored in the context of multiple sclerosis (MS) as a binary construct (depressed, not depressed). However, given the 50% lifetime prevalence rate of depression in MS, it may be useful to consider not only currently depressed versus nondepressed patients, but to evaluate groups that better characterize the complexity of MS depression. The objective of the current study was to examine demographic, cognitive, illness, and psychosocial variables thought to associate with depression in MS across 3 groups: currently depressed, remitted depression, and never been depressed...
January 5, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049525/nutrition-therapy-with-high-intensity-interval-training-to-improve-prostate-cancer-related-fatigue-in-men-on-androgen-deprivation-therapy-a-study-protocol
#13
Brenton J Baguley, Tina L Skinner, Michael D Leveritt, Olivia R L Wright
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue is one of the most prevalent, prolonged and distressing side effects of prostate cancer treatment with androgen deprivation therapy. Preliminary evidence suggests natural therapies such as nutrition therapy and structured exercise prescription can reduce symptoms of cancer-related fatigue. Men appear to change their habitual dietary patterns after prostate cancer diagnosis, yet prostate-specific dietary guidelines provide limited support for managing adverse side effects of treatment...
January 3, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035056/factors-associated-with-medical-student-test-anxiety-in-objective-structured-clinical-examinations-a-preliminary-study
#14
Kyong-Jee Kim
Objectives: To investigate attributes of medical students associated with their test anxiety on Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs). Methods: A cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted of all Year 3 and 4 students at a private medical school in South Korea in 2014. This 53-item questionnaire consisted of factors pertaining to test anxiety on the OSCE identified from a review of relevant literature, which included students' motivational beliefs and achievement emotions, perceived values of the OSCE, and attitude and orientation towards patients...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032004/orbitofrontal-cortical-thinning-and-aggression-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-patients
#15
Daniel J Epstein, Margaret Legarreta, Elliot Bueler, Jace King, Erin McGlade, Deborah Yurgelun-Todd
INTRODUCTION: Although mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) comprises 80% of all TBI, the morphological examination of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) in relation to clinical symptoms such as aggression, anxiety and depression in a strictly mTBI sample has never before been performed. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the study was to determine if mTBI patients would show morphological differences in the OFC and if the morphology of this region would relate to clinical symptoms...
December 2016: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027555/vestibular-and-acustic-dysfunctions-in-clean-up-workers-of-chornobyl-accident-30-years-of-follow-up
#16
D I Zabolotnyi, N S Mishchanchuk
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the work was to study the clinical and electrophysiological disorders in vestibular and acustic dysfunctions in clean up workers of Chornobyl accident depending on the dose and duration of action of ion izing radiation, the peculiarities of determined effects for 30 years after the accident. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The standard clinical and electrophysiological examinations of vestibular and acoustic ana lyzers functions were conducted in 7812 males' clean up workers including 325 persons selected for prolonged stud ies in 1986 2015...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019663/stereotactic-radiosurgery-planning-of-vestibular-schwannomas-is-mri-at-3-tesla-geometrically-accurate
#17
M A Schmidt, E J Wells, K Davison, A M Riddell, L Welsh, F Saran
PURPOSE: MRI is a mandatory requirement to accurately plan Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS) for Vestibular Schwannomas. However, MRI may be distorted due not only to inhomogeneity of the static magnetic field and gradients but also due to susceptibility-induced effects, which are more prominent at higher magnetic fields. We assess geometrical distortions around air spaces and consider MRI protocol requirements for SRS planning at 3T. METHODS: Hardware-related distortion and the effect of incorrect shimming were investigated with structured test objects...
December 26, 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017288/using-objective-structured-clinical-examinations-to-assess-intern-orthopaedic-physical-examination-skills-a-multimodal-didactic-comparison
#18
Donna Phillips, Christian A Pean, Kathleen Allen, Joseph Zuckerman, Kenneth Egol
: Patient care is 1 of the 6 core competencies defined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). The physical examination (PE) is a fundamental skill to evaluate patients and make an accurate diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate 3 different methods to teach PE skills and to assess the ability to do a complete PE in a simulated patient encounter. DESIGN: Prospective, uncontrolled, observational. SETTING: Northeastern academic medical center...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009238/3-tesla-mri-in-patients-with-fully-implanted-deep-brain-stimulation-devices-a-preliminary-study-in-10-patients
#19
Francesco Sammartino, Vibhor Krishna, Tejas Sankar, Jason Fisico, Suneil K Kalia, Mojgan Hodaie, Walter Kucharczyk, David J Mikulis, Adrian Crawley, Andres M Lozano
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of 3-T MRI in patients with implanted deep brain stimulation (DBS) systems. METHODS This study was performed in 2 phases. In an initial phantom study, a Lucite phantom filled with tissue-mimicking gel was assembled. The system was equipped with a single DBS electrode connected to an internal pulse generator. The tip of the electrode was coupled to a fiber optic thermometer with a temperature resolution of 0.1°C. Both anatomical (T1- and T2-weighted) and functional MRI sequences were tested...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005984/knowledge-and-skills-of-healthcare-providers-in-sub-saharan-africa-and-asia-before-and-after-competency-based-training-in-emergency-obstetric-and-early-newborn-care
#20
Charles A Ameh, Robert Kerr, Barbara Madaj, Mselenge Mdegela, Terry Kana, Susan Jones, Jaki Lambert, Fiona Dickinson, Sarah White, Nynke van den Broek
BACKGROUND: Healthcare provider training in Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (EmOC&NC) is a component of 65% of intervention programs aimed at reducing maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity. It is important to evaluate the effectiveness of this. METHODS: We evaluated knowledge and skills among 5,939 healthcare providers before and after 3-5 days 'skills and drills' training in emergency obstetric and newborn care (EmOC&NC) conducted in 7 sub-Saharan Africa countries (Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Zimbabwe) and 2 Asian countries (Bangladesh, Pakistan)...
2016: PloS One
keyword
keyword
42906
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"