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Objective structured clinical exam

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780440/an-algorithmic-approach-to-the-management-of-infantile-digital-fibromatosis-review-of-literature-and-a-case-report
#1
Elizabeth H Eypper, Johnson C Lee, Ashley J Tarasen, Maxene H Weinberg, Oluwaseun A Adetayo
Objective: Infantile digital fibromatosis is a rare benign childhood tumor, infrequently cited in the literature. Hallmarks include nodular growths exclusive to fingers and toes and the presence of eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusions on histology. This article aims to exemplify diagnoses of infantile digital fibromatosis and possible treatment options. Methods: A computerized English literature search was performed in the PubMed/MEDLINE database using MeSH headings "infantile," "juvenile," "digital," and "fibromatosis...
2018: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779999/peer-assisted-learning-model-enhances-clinical-clerk-s-procedural-skills
#2
Chia-Chang Huang, Hui-Chi Hsu, Ling-Yu Yang, Chen-Huan Chen, Ying-Ying Yang, Ching-Chih Chang, Chiao-Lin Chuang, Wei-Shin Lee, Fa-Yauh Lee, Shinn-Jang Hwang
BACKGROUND: Failure to transfer procedural skills learned in a laboratory to the bedside is commonly due to a lack of peer support/stimulation. A digital platform (Facebook) allows new clinical clerks to share experiences and tips that help augment their procedural skills in a peer-assisted learning/teaching method. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of the innovation of using the digital platform to support the transfer of laboratory-trained procedural skills in the clinical units...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773409/correlation-of-objective-assessment-data-with-general-surgery-resident-in-training-evaluation-reports-and-operative-volumes
#3
Jad M Abdelsattar, Yazan N AlJamal, Raaj K Ruparel, Phillip G Rowse, Stephanie F Heller, David R Farley
OBJECTIVE: Faculty evaluations, ABSITE scores, and operative case volumes often tell little about true resident performance. We developed an objective structured clinical examination called the Surgical X-Games (5 rooms, 15 minutes each, 12-15 tests total, different for each postgraduate [PGY] level). We hypothesized that performance in X-Games will prove more useful in identifying areas of strength or weakness among general surgery (GS) residents than faculty evaluations, ABSITE scores, or operative cases volumes...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771036/-3d-computed-tomographic-study-of-concha-bullosa-drainage-pathway
#4
W H Zhang, Y L Zhao, X D Li
Objective: The aim of this study is to study the related structures with concha bullosa drainage passway in inpatients with concha bullosa disease. Method: A total of 90 patients with peritubular middle turbinate (144 sides) were examined by 16-slice spiral CT. The distribution of the middle turbinate and the distribution of the drainage channel were analyzed by three-dimensional reconstruction technique and image workstation software. Result: The distribution of the morphology and drainage channel of 144 concha bullosa have statistically significant ( P <0...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766442/rate-of-improvement-of-pain-and-function-in-mid-portion-achilles-tendinopathy-with-loading-protocols-a-systematic-review-and-longitudinal-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Myles Murphy, Mervyn Travers, William Gibson, Paola Chivers, James Debenham, Sean Docking, Ebonie Rio
BACKGROUND: Mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy is prevalent within both the athletic and non-athletic populations and loading protocols for Achilles tendinopathy are effective over time, though the rate of symptom change throughout rehabilitation is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the rate of change in pain and function over time in patients while completing a loading protocol for mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy. METHODS: A systematic review and longitudinal meta-analysis was conducted as per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
May 15, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754583/validity-evidence-for-the-hamburg-multiple-mini-interview
#6
Mirjana Knorr, Anja Schwibbe, Maren Ehrhardt, Janina Lackamp, Stefan Zimmermann, Wolfgang Hampe
BACKGROUND: Multiple mini-interviews (MMI) become increasingly popular for the selection of medical students. In this work, we examine the validity evidence for the Hamburg MMI. METHODS: We conducted three follow-up studies for the 2014 cohort of applicants to medical school over the course of two years. We calculated Spearman's rank correlation (ρ) between MMI results and (1) emotional intelligence measured by the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue-SF) and the Situational Test of Emotion Management (STEM), (2) supervisors' and practice team members' evaluations of psychosocial competencies and suitability for the medical profession after a one-week 1:1 teaching in a general practice (GP) and (3) objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) scores...
May 14, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754417/teaching-paediatric-basic-life-support-in-medical-schools-using-peer-teaching-or-video-demonstration-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#7
Frederik Stephan, Hanjo Groetschel, Anja K Büscher, Deniz Serdar, Kjell A Groes, Rainer Büscher
AIM: The outcome of children with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is still poor, but bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation can increase survival and minimise severe neurological sequelae. While teaching basic life support is standardised in emergency medicine classes, paediatric basic life support (PBLS) in neonates and toddlers is under-represented in paediatric curricula during university education. The appropriate mixture of E-learning and peer teaching lessons remains controversial in teaching paediatric basic skills...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751806/pain-medicine-content-teaching-and-assessment-in-medical-school-curricula-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#8
Elspeth Erica Shipton, Frank Bate, Raymond Garrick, Carole Steketee, Eric John Visser
BACKGROUND: The objective of pain medicine education is to provide medical students with opportunities to develop their knowledge, skills and professional attitudes that will lead to their becoming safe, capable, and compassionate medical practitioners who are able to meet the healthcare needs of persons in pain. This study was undertaken to identify and describe the delivery of pain medicine education at medical schools in Australia and New Zealand. METHOD: All 23 medical schools in Australia and New Zealand in 2016 were included in this study...
May 11, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747354/-long-term-clinical-observation-on-postoperative-microstructural-change-of-macula-lutea-in-treatment-of-idiopathic-macular-epiretinal-membrane
#9
M F Jiao, J P Liu, X T Chen, X R Li
Objective: To evaluate the relationship between the structure of macular region and prognosis after vitrectomy in idiopathic macular epiretinal membrane patients. Methods: Retrospective case series study. The cases of 74 idiopathic macular epiretinal membrane patients (31 female patients, 43 male patients, aged 68.1±6.9) who received surgery treatment in our hospital during January 2013 and December were collected and analyzed. Ophthalmic routine examination and optical coherence tomography (OCT) have been conducted for all patients prior to operation...
April 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747315/-value-of-pet-ct-in-the-prognosis-of-extranodal-nk-t-cell-lymphoma
#10
G H Dong, Y Li, H F Wan, C Y He, L Yang, J W Wang, L P Gong, Y H Zhao, Z F Gao, H G Liu
Objective: To explore the value of Positron-Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) in the prognosis of extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma. Methods: The patients of NK/T cell lymphoma diagnosed from January 2007 to July 2016 in Department of Pathology of Beijing Tongren Hospital were enrolled in this study. Seventy-two in-hospital patients were examined on the invasion of adjecent tissue or organ by PET/CT. The PET/CT results were analyzed retrospectively. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the prognostic value of the positive results by PET/CT on overall survival (OS)...
April 24, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746682/improving-antibiotic-prescribing-skills-in-medical-students-the-effect-of-e-learning-after-6-months
#11
Jonne J Sikkens, Martine G Caris, Tim Schutte, Mark H H Kramer, Jelle Tichelaar, Michiel A van Agtmael
Background: Antimicrobial prescribing behaviour is first established during medical study, but teachers often cite lack of time as an important problem in the implementation of antimicrobial stewardship in the medical curriculum. The use of electronic learning (e-learning) is a potentially time-efficient solution, but its effectiveness in changing long-term prescribing behaviour in medical students is as yet unknown. Methods: We performed a prospective controlled intervention study of the long-term effects of a short interactive e-learning course among fourth year medical students in a Dutch university...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740379/factorial-structure-and-preliminary-validation-of-the-schema-mode-inventory-for-eating-disorders-smi-ed
#12
Susan G Simpson, Giada Pietrabissa, Alessandro Rossi, Tahnee Seychell, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Calum Munro, Julian B Nesci, Gianluca Castelnuovo
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties and factorial structure of the Schema Mode Inventory for Eating Disorders (SMI-ED) in a disordered eating population. Method: 573 participants with disordered eating patterns as measured by the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) completed the 190-item adapted version of the Schema Mode Inventory (SMI). The new SMI-ED was developed by clinicians/researchers specializing in the treatment of eating disorders, through combining items from the original SMI with a set of additional questions specifically representative of the eating disorder population...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734140/enhancing-objective-structured-clinical-examinations-through-visualisation-of-checklist-scores-and-global-rating-scale
#13
EDITORIAL
Mohsen Tavakol, Gill Pinner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732942/medical-students-perception-of-test-anxiety-triggered-by-different-assessment-modalities
#14
Salman Y Guraya, Shaista S Guraya, Fawzia Habib, Khalid W AlQuiliti, Khalid I Khoshhal
OBJECTIVES: Test anxiety is well known among medical students. However, little is known about test anxiety produced by different components of exam individually. This study aimed to stratify varying levels of test anxiety provoked by each exam modality and to explore the students perceptions about confounding factors. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was administered to medical students. The instrument contained four main themes; lifestyle, psychological and specific factors of information needs, learning styles, and perceived difficulty level of each assessment tool...
May 6, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726781/microsurgical-anatomy-of-the-subthalamic-nucleus-correlating-fiber-dissection-results-with-3-t-magnetic-resonance-imaging-using-neuronavigation
#15
Abuzer Güngör, Şevki Serhat Baydın, Vanessa M Holanda, Erik H Middlebrooks, Cihan Isler, Bekir Tugcu, Kelly Foote, Necmettin Tanriover
OBJECTIVE Despite the extensive use of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) as a deep brain stimulation (DBS) target, unveiling the extensive functional connectivity of the nucleus, relating its structural connectivity to the stimulation-induced adverse effects, and thus optimizing the STN targeting still remain challenging. Mastering the 3D anatomy of the STN region should be the fundamental goal to achieve ideal surgical results, due to the deep-seated and obscure position of the nucleus, variable shape and relatively small size, oblique orientation, and extensive structural connectivity...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725312/psychometric-properties-of-the-difficulties-in-emotion-regulation-scale-ders-and-its-short-forms-in-adults-with-emotional-disorders
#16
Lauren S Hallion, Shari A Steinman, David F Tolin, Gretchen J Diefenbach
Objective: The Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) is a widely used self-report measure of subjective emotion ability, as defined by a prominent clinically derived model of emotion regulation (Gratz and Roemer, 2004). Although the DERS is often used in treatment and research settings for adults with emotional (i.e., anxiety, mood, obsessive-compulsive, or trauma-related) disorders, its psychometric properties are not well-characterized in this population. Method: We examined the psychometric properties of the DERS and three popular short forms (DERS-16; DERS-18; and DERS-SF) in a large ( N = 427) sample of treatment-seeking adults with one or more DSM-5 emotional disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720016/comment-on-how-do-formative-objective-structured-clinical-examinations-drive-learning-analysis-of-residents-perceptions
#17
Alexandra Lindsay-Perez, Jessica Webster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717542/mid-infrared-spectral-micro-imaging-of-inflammatory-skin-lesions
#18
David Sebiskveradze, Béatrice Bertino, Vincent Gaydou, Anne-Sophie Dugaret, Manon Roquet, Didier E Zugaj, Johannes J Voegel, Pierre Jeannesson, Michel Manfait, Olivier Piot
Skin is one of the most important organs of the human body because of its characteristics and functions. There are many alterations, either pathological or physiological, that can disturb its functioning. However, at present all methods used to investigate skin diseases, non-invasive or invasive, are based on clinical examinations by physicians. Thus, diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic management rely on the expertise of the practitioner, the quality of the method and the accessibility of distinctive morphological characteristics of each lesion...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712487/prospective-study-of-myelin-water-fraction-changes-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-collegiate-contact-sports
#19
Heather S Spader, Douglas C Dean, W Curt LaFrance, Neha P Raukar, G Rees Cosgrove, Stephanie A Eyerly-Webb, Anna Ellermeier, Stephen Correia, Sean C L Deoni, Jeffrey Rogg
OBJECTIVE Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in athletes, including concussion, is increasingly being found to have long-term sequelae. Current imaging techniques have not been able to identify early damage caused by mTBI that is predictive of long-term symptoms or chronic traumatic encephalopathy. In this preliminary feasibility study, the authors investigated the use of an emerging magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique, multicomponent driven equilibrium single pulse observation of T1 and T2 (mcDESPOT), in visualizing acute and chronic white matter changes after mTBI in collegiate football and rugby players...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707168/leadership-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-are-soldiers-perceptions-of-organizational-justice-during-deployment-protective
#20
Andreas F Elrond, Annie Høgh, Søren B Andersen
Background : Soldiers' perception of leadership during military deployment has gained research attention as a potentially modifiable factor to buffer against the development of postdeployment post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Within nonmilitary research, the organizational justice (OJ) framework, i.e. distributive justice, procedural justice (PJ) and interactional justice (IJ), has been found to relate to mental health outcomes. Aspects of OJ may, therefore, be protective against PTSD. Objectives : We examined the prospective relationship between aspects of OJ, namely the perceptions of PJ and IJ by subordinate soldiers without leadership obligations in relationship to immediate superiors and PTSD...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
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