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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931198/older-siblings-are-at-increased-risk-for-foreign-bodies
#1
Laura H Swibel Rosenthal, Matthew R Bartindale, Zachary C Fridirici, Natalie A Papillon
A prospective, case-control study was performed to describe the role that siblings play in foreign bodies of the head and neck and to recognize situations in which children are most at risk for foreign bodies. Any child or adolescent (0 to 17 years old) with a foreign body removed from the head or neck was included. The data collected included location of the foreign body, location of acquisition (e.g., home), and the number of and ages of siblings. Controls were matched by age, sex, and location of removal (clinic, operating room, or emergency department)...
September 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931169/effect-of-educational-package-on-lifestyle-of-primiparous-mothers-during-postpartum-period-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Farzaneh Khodabandeh, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Mahin KamaliFard, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
A healthy lifestyle is important for mothers during the postpartum period. This study was conducted to determine the effects of a lifestyle educational package in primiparous women. This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 220 mothers assigned to two groups using block randomization. In the intervention group, the mothers received face-to-face, phone and SMS counseling and a booklet in addition to routine postpartum training; in the control group, the mothers received only routine training. The Health Behaviors Questionnaire, a Food Frequency Questionnaire and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire were used for data collection...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931145/medical-and-psychological-problems-faced-by-young-australian-gap-year-travellers
#3
Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Deborah Mills, Sarah Sheridan, Colleen Lau
Background: Gap year travellers can potentially be exposed to many infectious diseases and other travel-related health problems including injuries and psychological problems. Currently, there is little information on health and wellbeing of this particular group of travellers. Methods: Participants were recruited from an organization that specialized in organising international gap year placements. Gap year travellers were asked to complete a pre-departure survey on demographics, placement destination and duration, previous travel experience, hobbies, risk taking behaviour, anticipated problems during the placement, and pre-travel preparations...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931136/what-proportion-of-international-travellers-acquire-a-travel-related-illness-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Kristina M Angelo, Phyllis E Kozarsky, Edward T Ryan, Lin H Chen, Mark J Sotir
Introduction: As international travel increases, travellers may be at increased risk of acquiring infectious diseases not endemic in their home countries. Many journal articles and reference books related to travel medicine cite that between 22-64% of international travellers become ill during or after travel; however, this information is minimal, outdated and limited by poor generalizability. We aim to provide a current and more accurate estimate of the proportion of international travellers who acquire a travel-related illness...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930900/retrospective-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-a-geriatric-trauma-institute-on-fragility-hip-fracture-patient-outcomes
#5
Elizabeth D Katrancha, Jami Zipf, Nancy Abrahams, Richard Schroeder
BACKGROUND: Fragility hip fractures occur in the older than 65-year population at an alarming rate. It is estimated that 260,000 hip fractures occur annually. Patient outcomes following hip fractures are devastating. One of every 5 patients dies within 1 year of injury, and 1 of 3 remains in a nursing home for years after the injury. Published literature recommends an interdisciplinary approach to caring for hip-fractured patients and expediting surgery to improve outcomes. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the impact of the Geriatric Trauma Institute (GTI) on fragility hip fracture patient outcomes...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930800/risk-of-sharps-injuries-to-home-care-nurses-and-aides-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Natalie M Brouillette, Margaret M Quinn, David Kriebel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate all available literature and develop a pooled estimate of the risk of sharps injuries (SI) among home care (HC) nurses and aides. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted and relevant articles were reviewed following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Primary outcome data from studies identified by the systematic review were pooled using a random effects model to calculate a summary measure of SI risk for nurses and for aides...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930732/uk-renal-registry-19th-annual-report-chapter-13-home-therapies-in-2015-national-and-centre-specific-analyses
#7
Matthew Tabinor, Anna Casula, Martin Wilkie, Simon Davies, Fergus Caskey, Mark Lambie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930708/may-medical-centers-give-nonresident-patients-priority-in-scheduling-outpatient-follow-up-appointments
#8
Armand H Matheny Antommaria
Many academic medical centers are seeking to attract patients from outside their historical catchment areas for economic and programmatic reasons, and patients are traveling for treatment that is unavailable, of poorer quality, or more expensive at home. Treatment of these patients raises a number of ethical issues including whether they may be given priority in scheduling outpatient follow-up appointments in order to reduce the period of time they are away from home. Granting them priority is potentially unjust because medical treatment is generally allocated based on medical need and resource utilization, and then on a first-come, first-served basis...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930497/improving-blood-pressure-control-using-smart-technology
#9
Elizabeth L Ciemins, Anupama Arora, Nicholas C Coombs, Barbara Holloway, Elizabeth J Mullette, Robin Garland, Shannon Walsh Bishop-Green, Jerry Penso, Patricia J Coon
BACKGROUND: The authors sought to determine if wireless oscillometric home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) that integrates with smartphone technology improves blood pressure (BP) control among patients with new or existing uncontrolled hypertension (HTN). METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study monitored BP control before and after an educational intervention and introduction to HBPM. Patients in the intervention group were instructed to track their BP using a smartphone device three to seven times per week...
September 30, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930165/timeliness-of-childhood-primary-immunization-and-risk-factors-related-with-delays-evidence-from-the-2014-zhejiang-provincial-vaccination-coverage-survey
#10
Yu Hu, Qian Li, Yaping Chen
Background: this study aimed to assess both immunization coverage and timeliness, as well as reasons for non-vaccination, and identity the risk factors of delayed immunization, for the vaccines scheduled during the first year of life, in Zhejiang province, east China. Methods: A cluster survey among children aged 24-35 months was conducted. Demographic information and socio-economic characteristics of the selected child, the mother, and the household were collected. Immunization data were transcribed from immunization cards...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930063/who-s-got-the-booze-the-role-of-access-to-alcohol-in-the-relations-between-social-status-and-individual-use
#11
Arielle R Deutsch, Douglas Steinley, Kenneth J Sher, Wendy S Slutske
OBJECTIVE: The findings of previous research that examined relationships between popularity and alcohol use in adolescents have been mixed, and few hypotheses have proposed mechanisms for this relationship. The current study expands on previous literature (a) by examining a possible mechanism that can explain the relation between popularity and alcohol use (home access to alcohol) and (b) by using another sociometric measure ("betweenness"), beyond popularity, that may relate more to home alcohol access...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929932/one-year-health-and-care-costs-after-hip-fracture-for-home-dwelling-elderly-patients-in-norway-results-from-the-trondheim-hip-fracture-trial
#12
Liv Faksvåg Hektoen, Ingvild Saltvedt, Olav Sletvold, Jorunn L Helbostad, Hilde Lurås, Vidar Halsteinli
AIM: The aim of this study was to estimate the one-year health and care costs related to hip fracture for home-dwelling patients aged 70 years and older in Norway, paying specific attention to the status of the patients at the time of fracture and cost differences due to various patient pathways after fracture. METHODS: Data on health and care service provision were extracted from hospital and municipal records and from national registries; data on unit costs were collected from the municipalities, hospital administrations and previously published studies...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929898/five-opportunities-for-healthcare-leaders-to-better-support-person-and-family-centred-care-in-long-term-care-settings
#13
Danielle Bender, Kai Yan Grace Lui, Paul Holyoke
The benefits of Person- and Family-Centred Care (PFCC) are well documented, and many healthcare organizations have expressed their commitment to take this approach. Yet, it can be a difficult endeavour, with common barriers identified at the point-of-care, organizational and system levels. We implemented a PFCC education program with healthcare leaders, providers, and support staff working in home, community, and long-term care organizations across Canada. Focus groups were then conducted with almost 200 workshop participants and 20 long-term care home residents and family members...
January 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929866/culture-and-food-practices-of-african-american-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Lisa L Sumlin, Sharon A Brown
Purpose The goals of this descriptive ethnographic study were to (1) describe the day-to-day selection, preparation, and consumption of food among African American women (AAW) with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); (2) identify their typical food selections and consumption practices when dining out at restaurants and at social gatherings (ie, church functions, holidays); (3) highlight the valued behaviors and beliefs that influence these women's food practices; and (4) determine how social interactions influence those food practices...
September 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929803/determinants-of-perceived-sleep-quality-in-normal-sleepers
#15
M S Goelema, M Regis, R Haakma, E R Van Den Heuvel, P Markopoulos, S Overeem
OBJECTIVE: To establish the determinants of perceived sleep quality over a longer period of time, taking into account the separate contributions of actigraphy-based sleep measures and self-reported sleep indices. METHODS: Fifty participants (52 ± 6.6 years; 27 females) completed two consecutive weeks of home monitoring, during which they kept a sleep-wake diary while their sleep was monitored using a wrist-worn actigraph. The diary included questions on perceived sleep quality, sleep-wake information and additional factors such as well-being and stress...
September 20, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929782/precious-memories-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effects-of-an-autobiographical-memory-intervention-delivered-by-trained-volunteers-in-residential-care-homes
#16
Gerben J Westerhof, Jojanneke Korte, Sander Eshuis, Ernst T Bohlmeijer
OBJECTIVES: This study assesses the effects of an autobiographical memory intervention on the prevention and reduction of depressive symptoms in older persons in residential care. Trained volunteers delivered the intervention. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was carried out with depressive symptoms as the primary outcome. The experimental condition received the intervention Precious Memories one-on-one, whereas the control condition had individual unstructured contacts with a volunteer...
September 20, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929506/factitious-acth-dependent-apparent-hypercortisolism-the-problem-with-late-night-salivary-cortisol-measurements-collected-at-home
#17
G A Kline, J D Buse, J G Van Der Gugten, D T Holmes, A C Chin, S M H Sadrzadeh
Cushing's Syndrome (CS) is critical to identify because of the numerous and sometimes irreversible sequelae. Surreptitious glucocorticoid use is usually a straightforward consideration in the Cushingoid patient having suppressed ACTH levels, in the absence of adrenal mass or hyperplasia, and in whom screening tests for CS have unexpectedly low or high results depending on the specific steroid used and vulnerability of the assay employed to analytical cross-reactivity. We present a case of a patient with factitious hypercortisolism without suppressed ACTH...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929479/social-capital-neighborhood-disorder-and-disaster-recovery
#18
Lauren Clay, Mia Papas, David Abramson, James Kendra
OBJECTIVE: This study examined social institutions as a contextual factor that may influence perceptions of neighborhood physical and social disorder during disaster recovery. DESIGN: The study used descriptive statistics and fit logistic regression models. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants in this study (n = 772) were recruited from temporary housing in Louisiana and Mississippi as part of the Gulf Coast Child and Family Health Study, a longitudinal study of households heavily impacted by Hurricane Katrina...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929315/somali-older-adults-and-their-families-perceptions-of-adult-home-health-services
#19
Sarah Miner, Dianne V Liebel, Mary H Wilde, Jennifer K Carroll, Sadiya Omar
Many studies have identified the vulnerability of ethnic elders, and there is promising evidence indicating home health care (HHC) services can improve the health outcomes of Somali older adults. This study used a community-engaged qualitative descriptive approach with the participation of non-profit organization Refugees Helping Refugees. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe Somali older adults' and their families' perceptions of and experiences with HHC services in order to improve its use and access...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929129/an-automated-home-cage-system-to-assess-learning-and-performance-of-a-skilled-motor-task-in-a-mouse-model-of-huntington-s-disease
#20
Cameron L Woodard, Federico Bolaños, James D Boyd, Gergely Silasi, Timothy H Murphy, Lynn A Raymond
Behavioral testing is a critical step in assessing the validity of rodent models of neurodegenerative disease, as well as evaluating the efficacy of pharmacological interventions. In models of Huntington's disease (HD), a gradual progression of impairments is observed across ages, increasing the need for sensitive, high-throughput and longitudinal assessments. Recently, a number of automated systems have been developed to perform behavioral profiling of animals within their own home-cage, allowing for 24-h monitoring and minimizing experimenter interaction...
September 2017: ENeuro
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