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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647947/continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-pediatrics-the-gap-between-potential-benefits-and-the-reality-of-utility
#1
Regina L Taddeo, Joanne T Moser, Pantea P Minnock
Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) is rapidly becoming a standard of care in the management of Type 1 diabetes (T1D). Today's devices are nearly as accurate as home glucose meters. They provide glucose data every 5 minutes, alert to high and low blood glucose levels, and allow for remote monitoring of a user's glucose data and patterns. Use of CGM has many benefits including support for tighter glycemic control without increasing the risk for hypoglycemia. There is however emerging evidence of some negative aspects associated with using CGM, which may result in decreased utilization of the device as well as a decline in quality of life, especially in the pediatric population...
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647879/disposal-of-household-pharmaceuticals-in-insular-communities-social-attitude-behaviour-evaluation-and-prevention-activities
#2
Antonis A Zorpas, Maria Dimitriou, Irene Voukkali
The increase in medicine and drug consumption have resulted in identifying these emerging pollutants in all aquatic compartments, ranging from surface water and groundwater resources to the marine environment. Pharmaceuticals are an indispensable part of life today. A large number of pharmaceuticals are used in a daily basis in the treatment, prevention, cure or diagnosis of diseases or to otherwise enhance people's physical or mental well-being. This paper focuses on the evaluation of the attitude of citizens in Cyprus regarding the disposal of pharmaceuticals as well as to identify the main reasons why pharmaceutical wastes are produced...
June 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647855/short-term-annoyance-from-nocturnal-aircraft-noise-exposure-results-of-the-norah-and-strain-sleep-studies
#3
Julia Quehl, Uwe Müller, Franco Mendolia
PURPOSE: The German Aerospace Center (DLR) investigated in the NORAH sleep study the association between a distinct change in nocturnal aircraft noise exposure due to the introduction of a night curfew (11:00 p.m.-5:00 a.m.) at Frankfurt Airport and short-term annoyance reactions of residents in the surrounding community. Exposure-response curves were calculated by random effects logistic regression to evaluate the aircraft noise-related parameters (1) number of overflights and (2) energy equivalent noise level LASeq for the prediction of short-term annoyance...
June 24, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647838/preoperative-education-for-hip-and-knee-replacement-never-stop-learning
#4
REVIEW
Paul K Edwards, Simon C Mears, C Lowry Barnes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Participation in alternative payment models has focused efforts to improve outcomes and patient satisfaction while also lowering cost for elective hip and knee replacement. The purpose of this review is to determine if preoperative education classes for elective hip and knee replacement achieve these goals. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent literature demonstrates that patients who attend education classes prior to surgery have decreased anxiety, better post-operative pain control, more realistic expectations of surgery, and a better understanding of their surgery...
June 24, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647744/effectiveness-of-supported-self-help-in-recurrent-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-primary-care
#5
Karolien E M Biesheuvel-Leliefeld, Sandra M A Dijkstra-Kersten, Digna J F van Schaik, Harm W J van Marwijk, Filip Smit, Henriette E van der Horst, Claudi L H Bockting
BACKGROUND: The burden and economic consequences of depression are high, mostly due to its recurrent nature. Due to current budget and time restraints, a preventive, low- cost, accessible minimal intervention is much needed. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of a supported self-help preventive cognitive therapy (S-PCT) added to treatment as usual (TAU) in primary care, compared to TAU alone. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial among 248 patients with a history of depression, currently in full or partial remission or recovery...
June 24, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647727/patients-as-partners-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-a-qualitative-patient-led-study
#6
Chelsia Gillis, Marlyn Gill, Nancy Marlett, Gail MacKean, Kathy GermAnn, Loreen Gilmour, Gregg Nelson, Tracy Wasylak, Susan Nguyen, Edamil Araujo, Sandra Zelinsky, Leah Gramlich
OBJECTIVES: Explore the experience of patients undergoing colorectal surgery within an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programme. Use these experiential data to inform the development of a framework to support ongoing, meaningful patient engagement in ERAS. DESIGN: Qualitative patient-led study using focus groups and narrative interviews. Data were analysed iteratively using a Participatory Grounded Theory approach. SETTING: Five tertiary care centres in Alberta, Canada, following the ERAS programme...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647615/prevalence-and-associative-factors-of-orthostatic-hypotension-in-older-adults-results-from-the-well-being-of-the-singapore-elderly-wise-study
#7
Hui Lin Ong, Edimansyah Abdin, Esmond Seow, Shirlene Pang, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Sherilyn Chang, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is commonly reported among older adults and is associated with an increased risk of mortality. This study aimed to describe the prevalence and investigate the possible associations between OH with sociodemographic variables, chronic medical conditions, health service utilisation, dementia and cognitive status among older adults residing in Singapore. METHODS: Data was collected from 2266 participants aged 60 years and older who participated in the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) study in 2013...
June 15, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647585/distribution-of-peanut-protein-in-school-and-home-environments-of-inner-city-children
#8
William J Sheehan, Helen A Brough, Kerry Makinson, Carter R Petty, Gideon Lack, Wanda Phipatanakul
Peanut protein was widely detectable in dust samples from school classrooms and cafeterias, with school levels higher than home levels, suggesting that schools may be an important place of exposure to food allergens in the environment.
June 21, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647577/transitions-from-skilled-nursing-facility-to-home-the-relationship-of-early-outpatient-care-to-hospital-readmission
#9
Jennifer L Carnahan, James E Slaven, Christopher M Callahan, Wanzhu Tu, Alexia M Torke
BACKGROUND: Many adults are discharged to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) prior to returning home from the hospital. Patient characteristics and factors that can help to prevent postdischarge adverse outcomes are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To identify whether early post-SNF discharge care reduces likelihood of 30-day hospital readmissions. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis using the Electronic Medical Record, Medicare, Medicaid and the Minimum Data Set...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647575/a-modified-technique-of-temporary-suspension-of-the-ovary-to-the-anterior-abdominal-wall
#10
Omar M Abuzeid, Rubin Raju, John Hebert, Mohammad Ashraf, Mostafa I Abuzeid
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A previous study described a technique of temporary suspension of the ovary to the abdominal wall using nylon suture (Abuzeid et al 2002). The aim of this study is to describe a modified technique of temporary suspension of the ovary to the fascia of the anterior abdominal wall after operative laparoscopy for advanced stage endometriosis to reduce postoperative adhesion formation. DESIGN: Video illustrating this modified technique of ovarian suspension SETTING: Academic affiliated community medical center PATIENTS: This patient underwent temporary suspension of the right ovary, using 3-0 plain catgut suture, after operative laparoscopy for advanced stage endometriosis (Stage III ASRM classification)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647551/factors-predicting-falls-and-mobility-outcomes-in-patients-with-stroke-returning-home-after-rehabilitation-who-are-at-risk-of-falling
#11
Mandy Man-Di Ng, Keith D Hill, Frances Batchelor, Elissa Burton
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors predicting falls and limited mobility in people with stroke at 12 months after returning home from rehabilitation. DESIGN: Observational cohort study with 12 month follow-up. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: People with stroke (n=144) and increased falls risk discharged home from rehabilitation. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Falls were measured using monthly calendars completed by participants, and mobility was assessed using gait speed over five metres (high mobility (>0...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647513/respiratory-syncytial-virus-bronchiolitis-weather-conditions-and-air-pollution-in-an-italian-urban-area-an-observational-study
#12
Raffaella Nenna, Melania Evangelisti, Antonella Frassanito, Carolina Scagnolari, Alessandra Pierangeli, Guido Antonelli, Ambra Nicolai, Serena Arima, Corrado Moretti, Paola Papoff, Maria Pia Villa, Fabio Midulla
BACKGROUND: In this study we sought to evaluate the association between viral bronchiolitis, weather conditions, and air pollution in an urban area in Italy. METHODS: We included infants hospitalized for acute bronchiolitis from 2004 to 2014. All infants underwent a nasal washing for virus detection. A regional agency network collected meteorological data (mean temperature, relative humidity and wind velocity) and the following air pollutants: sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, benzene and suspended particulate matter measuring less than 10µm (PM10) and less than 2...
June 22, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647473/-rotavirus-salmonella-coinfection-due-to-turtles-two-cases-with-exotic-pets
#13
M Angot, F Labbe, A Duquenoy, P Le Roux
Salmonellosis is a leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis, responsible for invasive infections especially in young children. Reptiles are salmonella reservoirs, and the indirect contact via parents' hands may be responsible for contamination. We report on two cases of Salmonella-rotavirus coinfection secondary to the presence of turtles in the home.
June 21, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647383/impact-of-agaricus-bisporus-mushroom-consumption-on-satiety-and-food-intake
#14
Julie M Hess, Qi Wang, Clarissa Kraft, Joanne L Slavin
Previous studies on mushrooms suggest that they can be more satiating than meat, but this effect has not been studied with protein-matched amounts. The objective of this study was to assess the differences with satiety and ten-day food intake between A. bisporus mushrooms (226 g) and meat (28 g) in a randomized open-label crossover study. Thirty-two healthy participants (17 women, 15 men) consumed two servings of mushrooms or meat for ten days. On the first day, fasted participants consumed protein-matched breakfasts...
June 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646981/home-alone-does-modality-matter-revisiting-hospital-readmissions-in-dialysis
#15
EDITORIAL
Jenny I Shen, Natasha N Dave, Kevin F Erickson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646977/the-efficacy-of-conjoint-behavioral-consultation-in-the-home-setting-outcomes-and-mechanisms-in-rural-communities
#16
Susan M Sheridan, Amanda L Witte, Shannon R Holmes, ChaoRong Wu, Sonya A Bhatia, Samantha R Angell
This study reports the results of a randomized controlled trial examining the effect of Conjoint Behavioral Consultation (CBC), a family-school partnership intervention, on children's behaviors, parents' skills, and parent-teacher relationships in rural community and town settings. Participants were 267 children, 267 parents, and 152 teachers in 45 Midwestern schools. Using an Intent to Treat approach and data analyzed within a multilevel modeling framework, CBC yielded promising results for some but not all outcomes...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646976/promoting-parent-academic-expectations-predicts-improved-school-outcomes-for-low-income-children-entering-kindergarten
#17
John E Loughlin-Presnal, Karen L Bierman
This study explored patterns of change in the REDI (Research-based Developmentally Informed) Parent program (REDI-P), designed to help parents support child learning at the transition into kindergarten. Participants were 200 prekindergarten children attending Head Start (55% European-American, 26% African American, 19% Latino, 56% male, Mage=4.45years, SD=0.29) and their primary caregivers, who were randomized to a 16-session home-visiting intervention (REDI-P) or a control group. Extending beyond a prior study documenting intervention effects on parenting behaviors and child kindergarten outcomes, this study assessed the impact of REDI-P on parent academic expectations, and then explored the degree to which intervention gains in three areas of parenting (parent-child interactive reading, parent-child conversations, parent academic expectations) predicted child outcomes in kindergarten (controlling for baseline values and a set of child and family characteristics)...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646973/parent-involvement-in-beginning-primary-school-correlates-and-changes-in-involvement-across-the-first-two-years-of-school-in-a-new-zealand-sample
#18
Philippa S McDowall, Mele Taumoepeau, Elizabeth Schaughency
This study described the relations of parents' and teachers' beliefs and attitudes to forms of parents' involvement in children's first two years of primary school. Parents of children in their first year of primary school (age 5) were recruited from 12 classrooms within four schools in New Zealand; 196 families participated in their child's first year, and 124 families continued to participate in their child's second school year. Parents completed the Family-Involvement Questionnaire, New Zealand, and we archivally collected parent-documented children's oral reading homework...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646924/ciprofloxacin-for-contacts-of-cases-of-meningococcal-meningitis-as-an-epidemic-response-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#19
Matthew E Coldiron, Gabriel Alcoba, Iza Ciglenecki, Matt Hitchings, Ali Djibo, Anne-Laure Page, Celine Langendorf, Rebecca F Grais
BACKGROUND: Epidemics of meningococcal meningitis are common in the "African meningitis belt." Current response strategies include reactive vaccination campaigns, which are often organized too late to have maximal impact. A novel strain of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C has been circulating in recent years, and vaccine supplies are limited. An evaluation of chemoprophylaxis with single-dose ciprofloxacin for household contacts of meningitis cases has therefore been recommended. METHODS/DESIGN: A three-arm cluster-randomized trial has been designed for implementation during a meningococcal meningitis epidemic in a health district in Niger in which at least two Health Zones (HZs) have met the weekly epidemic threshold...
June 24, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646894/changes-in-the-food-environment-over-time-examining-40%C3%A2-years-of-data-in-the-framingham-heart-study
#20
Peter James, Michael W Seward, A James O'Malley, S V Subramanian, Jason P Block
BACKGROUND: Research has explored associations between diet, body weight, and the food environment; however, few studies have examined historical trends in food environments. METHODS: In the Framingham Heart Study Offspring (N = 3321) and Omni (N = 447) cohorts, we created food environment metrics in four Massachusetts towns utilizing geocoded residential, workplace, and food establishment addresses from 1971 to 2008. We created multilevel models adjusted for age, sex, education, and census tract poverty to examine trends in home, workplace, and commuting food environments...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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