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ion exchange resin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220538/on-bead-combinatorial-synthesis-and-imaging-of-europium-iii-based-paracest-agents-aids-in-identification-of-chemical-features-that-enhance-cest-sensitivity
#1
Jaspal Singh, Vineeta Rustagi, Shanrong Zhang, A Dean Sherry, D Gomika Udugamasooriya
The rate of water exchange between the inner-sphere of a paramagnetic ion and bulk water is an important parameter in determining the magnitude of the chemical exchange saturation transfer signal from paramagnetic CEST agents (paraCEST). This is governed by various geometric, steric, and ligand field factors created by macrocyclic ligands surrounding the paramagnetic metal ion. Our previous on-bead combinatorial studies of di-peptoid-europium(III)-DOTA-tetraamide complexes revealed that negatively charged groups in the immediate vicinity of the metal center strongly enhances the CEST signal...
February 21, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry: MRC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212180/advances-in-the-management-of-hyperkalemia-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
Andrea C J Cowan, Elie G Gharib, Matthew A Weir
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an increased risk of hyperkalemia that increases both short-term and long-term mortality. Historically, managing hyperkalemia has relied upon dietary modifications, augmentation of urinary potassium excretion and enhanced enteral potassium elimination. This review discusses current treatments and their limitations and summarizes the evidence supporting novel agents for potassium lowering in patients with CKD. RECENT FINDINGS: The introduction of two novel ion exchange resins represents the first new pharmacologic therapies for hyperkalemia in the last 50 years...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209350/n-decyl-s-trityl-r-cysteine-a-new-chiral-selector-for-green-ligand-exchange-chromatography-applications
#3
Andrea Carotti, Federica Ianni, Emidio Camaioni, Lucia Pucciarini, Maura Marinozzi, Roccaldo Sardella, Benedetto Natalini
In search for new enantioselectivity profiles, the N-decyl-S-trityl-(R)-cysteine [C10-(R)-STC] was synthesized through a one-step procedure and then hydrophobically adsorbed onto an octadecylsilica surface to generate a stable chiral stationary phase for ligand-exchange chromatography (CLEC-CSP) applications. The CLEC analysis was carried out on underivatized amino acids, by using a Cu(II) sulphate (1.0mM) containing aqueous eluent system. Most of the analysed compounds (34 out of 45) were enantiodiscriminated by the C10-(R)-STC-based CSP, with resolution factor (RS) values up to 8...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190834/perchlorate-selectivity-of-anion-exchange-resins-as-evaluated-using-ion-selective-electrodes
#4
Kenji Yamamoto, Shin'ya Mitsuda, Naomi Ohtake, Natsuki Murashige, Satoshi Ohmuro, Akio Yuchi
The selectivity coefficients reported for perchlorate of the high selectivity on anion exchange resins (AXRs) have not been consistent with one another. Possible errors by the unique use of four parameters (concentrations of two anions in two phases) were experimentally verified. The concentrations of perchlorate buffered at low levels (10(-6) - 10(-4) mol L(-1)) by two forms of AXRs were successfully determined by potentiometry with a perchlorate ion-selective electrode. This gave reasonable coefficients. The coefficients for perchlorate on several AXRs were independent of the relative exchange (RE), in contrast to the previous reports...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165833/diclofenac-sodium-ion-exchange-resin-complex-loaded-melt-cast-films-for-sustained-release-ocular-delivery
#5
Goutham R Adelli, Sai Prachetan Balguri, Prakash Bhagav, Vijayasankar Raman, Soumyajit Majumdar
PURPOSE: The goal of the present study is to develop polymeric matrix films loaded with a combination of free diclofenac sodium (DFSfree) and DFS:Ion exchange resin complexes (DFS:IR) for immediate and sustained release profiles, respectively. METHODS: Effect of ratio of DFS and IR on the DFS:IR complexation efficiency was studied using batch processing. DFS:IR complex, DFSfree, or a combination of DFSfree + DFS:IR loaded matrix films were prepared by melt-cast technology...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127614/microfluidic-pumping-by-micromolar-salt-concentrations
#6
Ran Niu, Patrick Kreissl, Aidan T Brown, Georg Rempfer, Denis Botin, Christian Holm, Thomas Palberg, Joost de Graaf
An ion-exchange-resin-based microfluidic pump is introduced that utilizes trace amounts of ions to generate fluid flows. We show experimentally that our pump operates in almost deionized water for periods exceeding 24 h and induces fluid flows of μm s(-1) over hundreds of μm. This flow displays a far-field, power-law decay which is characteristic of two-dimensional (2D) flow when the system is strongly confined and of three-dimensional (3D) flow when it is not. Using theory and numerical calculations we demonstrate that our observations are consistent with electroosmotic pumping driven by μmol L(-1) ion concentrations in the sample cell that serve as 'fuel' to the pump...
January 27, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100119/distribution-of-saccharides-and-salts-on-amphoteric-ion-exchange-resin
#7
Yuki Sha, Ayako Hasegawa, Utano Aimoto, Shuji Adachi
An amphoteric ion-exchange resin hardly shrank in 550 and 300 g/L glucose and sodium chloride solutions, respectively; however, the bed packed with a cation-exchange resin shrank considerably. From the distribution coefficients of some saccharides, the swelling pressure of the amphoteric ion-exchange resin was estimated to be 2.0 MPa at 25 °C. The distribution coefficients of glucose, galactose, fructose, and mannose were independent of their concentration and were about 0.621. On the other hand, the apparent distribution coefficients of NaF, NaCl, NaBr, NaI, LiCl, KCl, and CsCl largely depended on concentration...
January 19, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079208/controlled-assembly-of-single-colloidal-crystals-using-electro-osmotic-micro-pumps
#8
Ran Niu, Erdal C Oğuz, Hannah Müller, Alexander Reinmüller, Denis Botin, Hartmut Löwen, Thomas Palberg
We assemble charged colloidal spheres at deliberately chosen locations on a charged unstructured glass substrate utilizing ion exchange based electro-osmotic micro-pumps. Using microscopy, a simple scaling theory and Brownian dynamics computer simulations, we systematically explore the control parameters of crystal assembly and the mechanisms through which they depend on the experimental boundary conditions. We demonstrate that crystal quality depends crucially on the assembly distance of the colloids. This is understood as resulting from the competition between inward transport by the electro-osmotic pump flow and the electro-phoretic outward motion of the colloids...
January 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063313/desulfurization-critical-step-towards-enhanced-selenium-removal-from-industrial-effluents
#9
Lucian C Staicu, Nadia Morin-Crini, Grégorio Crini
Selenium (Se) removal from synthetic solutions and from real Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) wastewater generated by a coal-fired power plant was studied for the first time using a commercial iron oxide impregnated strong base anion exchange resin, Purolite(®) FerrIX A33E. In synthetic solutions, the resin showed high affinity for selenate and selenite, while sulfate exhibited a strong competition for both oxyanions. The FGD wastewater investigated is a complex system that contains Se (∼1200 μg L(-1)), SO4(2-) (∼1...
April 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050945/a-novel-poly-ligand-exchanger-cu-ii-loaded-chelating-resin-for-the-removal-of-ammonia-nitrogen-in-aqueous-solutions
#10
Quanzhou Chen, Kanggen Zhou, Yan Chen, Aihe Wang, Fang Liu
In this paper, a poly ligand exchanger, Cu(II)-loaded chelating resin bearing the functional group of weak iminodiacetate acid was prepared to efficiently remove ammonia from solutions. Batch adsorption equilibrium experiments were conducted under a range of conditions to determine the optimum adsorption conditions. The effects of contact time, pH, resin dosage and temperature on the removal of ammonia by a Cu(II)-loaded resin were determined. The maximum removal efficiency was reached at pH 9.5 at room temperature, 25°C, in 300 min...
January 18, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032692/carbon-nanotubes-a-resin-for-electrochemically-modulated-liquid-chromatography
#11
Markus Brammen, Paula Fraga-García, Sonja Berensmeier
Electrochemically modulated liquid chromatography is a special form of ion exchange chromatography in which the separation process is controlled by applying an electric potential to the stationary phase. This form of chromatography has so far only been applied in research studies. The present study shows that multiwalled carbon nanotubes are an effective resin material for an electrochemically modulated chromatography process. The experiments are carried out in a newly designed column which enables the packing of nanomaterials...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992113/systematic-interpolation-method-predicts-protein-chromatographic-elution-with-salt-gradients-ph-gradients-and-combined-salt-ph-gradients
#12
Arch Creasy, Gregory Barker, Giorgio Carta
A methodology is presented to predict protein elution behavior from an ion exchange column using both individual or combined pH and salt gradients based on high-throughput batch isotherm data. The buffer compositions were first optimized to generate linear pH gradients from pH 5.5 to 7 with defined concentrations of sodium chloride. Next, high-throughput batch isotherm data were collected for a monoclonal antibody on the cation exchange resin POROS XS over a range of protein concentrations, salt concentrations, and solution pH...
December 19, 2016: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990533/a-new-way-to-do-an-old-reaction-highly-efficient-reduction-of-organic-azides-by-sodium-iodide-in-the-presence-of-acidic-ion-exchange-resin
#13
Kajitha Suthagar, Antony J Fairbanks
Organic azides are readily reduced to the corresponding amines by treatment with sodium iodide in the presence of acidic ion exchange resin. The process, optimal when performed at 40 °C and 200 mbar pressure on a rotatory evaporator, is extremely efficient, clean, and tolerant of a variety of functional groups.
December 19, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987837/pilot-production-of-ulvans-from-ulva-sp-and-their-effects-on-hyaluronan-and-collagen-production-in-cultured-dermal-fibroblasts
#14
Amandine Adrien, Antoine Bonnet, Delphine Dufour, Stanislas Baudouin, Thierry Maugard, Nicolas Bridiau
Ulvans from Ulva sp. were tested for their potential cosmetic properties on human dermal fibroblasts. The crude ulvans (ULVAN-01, 57kDa), extracted using a patented acid- and solvent-free process, were subjected to depolymerization using ion exchange resin to obtain a low molecular weight ulvan (ULVAN-DEP, 4kDa). The biochemical characterization and UHPLC-HRMS analyses of these extracted ulvans showed that they were of high purity and predominantly composed of a repeated ulvanobiouronic acid disaccharide. Fibroblast proliferation, as well as hyaluronan and collagen release were assessed, demonstrating that ULVAN-01 reduced fibroblast proliferation rate while ULVAN-DEP had no significant effect...
February 10, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960600/boron-removal-by-a-composite-sorbent-polyethylenimine-tannic-acid-derivative-immobilized-in-alginate-hydrogel-beads
#15
Caroline Bertagnolli, Andrey Grishin, Thierry Vincent, Eric Guibal
A novel composite material was prepared by the grafting of tannic acid on polyethylenimine (PEI), which allows an efficient sorption of boron (sorption capacity close to 0.89 mmol B g(-1)). The encapsulation of this chelating sorbent (finely crushed) facilitates its use (readily solid/liquid separation, use in fixed-bed columns) at the expense of a loss in sorption capacity (proportionally decreased by the introduction of alginate having poor efficiency for boron uptake). Sorption isotherms are modeled using the Langmuir equation, while the kinetic profiles are presented a good fit by pseudo-second order rate equation...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937066/purification-of-common-light-chain-igg-like-bispecific-antibodies-using-highly-linear-ph-gradients
#16
Beth Sharkey, Sarat Pudi, Ian Wallace Moyer, Lihui Zhong, Bianka Prinz, Hemanta Baruah, Heather Lynaugh, Sampath Kumar, K Dane Wittrup, Juergen H Nett
Monovalent bispecific antibodies (BsAbs) are projected to have broad clinical applications due to their ability to bind two different targets simultaneously. Although they can be produced using recombinant technologies, the correct pairing of heavy and light chains is a significant manufacturing problem. Various approaches exploit mutations or linkers to favor the formation of the desired BsAb, but a format using a single common light chain has the advantage that no other modification to the antibody is required...
February 2017: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921260/development-of-oral-flexible-tablet-oft-formulation-for-pediatric-and-geriatric-patients-a-novel-age-appropriate-formulation-platform
#17
Prabagaran Chandrasekaran, Ruckmani Kandasamy
Development of palatable formulations for pediatric and geriatric patients involves various challenges. However, an innovative development with beneficial characteristics of marketed formulations in a single formulation platform was attempted. The goal of this research was to develop solid oral flexible tablets (OFTs) as a platform for pediatrics and geriatrics as oral delivery is the most convenient and widely used mode of drug administration. For this purpose, a flexible tablet formulation using cetirizine hydrochloride as model stability labile class 1 and 3 drug as per the Biopharmaceutical Classification System was developed...
December 5, 2016: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916127/in-situ-determination-of-v-v-by-diffusive-gradients-in-thin-films-and-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry-techniques-using-amberlite-ira-410-resin-as-a-binding-layer
#18
Karen Silva Luko, Amauri Antonio Menegário, Carlos Alfredo Suárez, Makenly Tafurt-Cardona, Jorge Henrique Pedrobom, Ana Marta Cavinato Marchini Rolisola, Everton Tiago Sulato, Chang Hung Kiang
Amberlite IRA-410 anionic exchange resin was evaluated as the binding layer for sampling V(V) by using Diffusive Gradients in Thin Films (DGT). V(V) was determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Mass vs. time DGT deployments (ionic strength = 0.03 mol L(-1) NaNO3, pH = 5.6 and T = 23.5 ± 0.5 °C) was characterized by excellent linear relationship (R(2) = 0.9993) and a significant retention of V(V) by the binding layer. An exchange capacity of at least 40 μg V g(-1) resin was achieved for the proposed binding layer...
January 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889182/development-of-polyethyleneimine-loaded-core-shell-chitosan-hollow-beads-and-their-application-for-platinum-recovery-in-sequential-metal-scavenging-fill-and-draw-process
#19
Myung-Hee Song, Sok Kim, D Harikishore Kumar Reddy, Wei Wei, John Kwame Bediako, Sangwon Park, Yeoung-Sang Yun
Polyethyleneimine (PEI)-loaded chitosan hollow beads (CHBs) were fabricated through the ionotropic gelation process using sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP) as a counter polyanion. The CHBs were loaded with hydrophilic PEI in pre- and/or post-loading methods. Hence, the sorbent could possess a large number of amine groups which were able to function as the binding sites to recover platinum metal ions. The enhancement of the amine groups was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Isotherm and kinetic studies were carried out to evaluate the sorption performance of the sorbents...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886760/practical-limitations-of-single-particle-icp-ms-in-the-determination-of-nanoparticle-size-distributions-and-dissolution-case-of-rare-earth-oxides
#20
Laurie Fréchette-Viens, Madjid Hadioui, Kevin J Wilkinson
The applicability of single particle ICP-MS (SP-ICP-MS) for the analysis of nanoparticle size distributions and the determination of particle numbers was evaluated using the rare earth oxide, La2O3, as a model particle. The composition of the storage containers, as well as the ICP-MS sample introduction system were found to significantly impact SP-ICP-MS analysis. While La2O3 nanoparticles (La2O3 NP) did not appear to interact strongly with sample containers, adsorptive losses of La(3+)(over 24h) were substantial (>72%) for fluorinated ethylene propylene bottles as opposed to polypropylene (<10%)...
January 15, 2017: Talanta
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