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Ya Shen, Xiangya Huang, Zhejun Wang, Xi Wei, Markus Haapasalo
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of different temperatures (0°C, 10°C, 22°C, 37°C, and 60°C) on the cyclic fatigue life of nickel-titanium (NiTi) files using a new fatigue test model in zirconium oxide. METHODS: Three superelastic NiTi files (EndoSequence [Brasseler USA, Savannah, GA], ProFile [Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK], and K3 [SybronEndo, Orange, CA]), and 3 heat-treated (K3XF [SybronEndo], Vortex [Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties], and HyFlex CM [Coltene-Whaledent, Allstetten, Switzerland]) NiTi files, all size 25/...
April 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Rajesh Khanna, Aashish Handa, Rupam Kaur Virk, Deepika Ghai, Rajni Sharma Handa, Asim Goel
BACKGROUND: The process of cleaning and shaping the canal is not an easy goal to obtain, as canal curvature played a significant role during the instrumentation of the curved canals. AIM: The present in vivo study was conducted to evaluate procedural errors during the preparation of curved root canals using hand Nitiflex and rotary K3XF instruments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Procedural errors such as ledge formation, instrument separation, and perforation (apical, furcal, strip) were determined in sixty patients, divided into two groups...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Xiangya Huang, Ya Shen, Xi Wei, Markus Haapasalo
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to introduce a new fatigue test model that simulates the clinical situation for evaluating the corrosion effect of 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) on nickel-titanium (NiTi) files and to evaluate the effect of 3 different temperatures (22°C, 37°C, and 60°C) on the cyclic fatigue of these files. METHODS: Three NiTi files (size 25/.04), K3 (SybronEndo, Orange, CA), K3XF (SybronEndo), and Vortex (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK), were subjected to cyclic fatigue tests inside a novel artificial ceramic canal with a curvature of 60° and a 5-mm radius...
November 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Mustafa Toyoğlu, Demet Altunbaş
INTRODUCTION: This in vitro study was designed to evaluate the amount of apically extruded irrigant and debris during root canal preparation using K3XF instruments (SybronEndo, Orange, CA) with different kinematics and using hand files with a step-back technique. METHODS: A total of 80 extracted mandibular premolars were selected and randomly assigned to 4 groups (n = 20). The root canals were instrumented with K-type stainless steel instruments using a step-back technique and with the K3XF system using the following kinematics: reciprocating motion, adaptive motion, and continuous rotation...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Bertan Kesim, Burak Sagsen, Tugrul Aslan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of root cracks after root canal instrumentation with thermomechanically processed nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) files with different instrumentation kinematics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 150 extracted mandibular premolars with mature apices and straight root canals were divided into five groups and used in this study. In Group 1, 30 teeth were prepared using hand K-files and assigned to control group, Group 2 was instrumented using K3XF Rotary files (SybronEndo, Glendora, CA, USA) with continuous rotary motion...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
Marcely Cassimiro, Kaline Romeiro, Luciana Gominho, Andressa de Almeida, Larissa Costa, Diana Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the frequency of dentinal defects after root canal preparation with the ProTaper NEXT, K3XF and WaveOne GOLD systems using microcomputed tomography. METHODS: Sixty permanent mandibular incisors with a single canal were selected. Inspection of the teeth was performed under a stereomicroscope (15x) to observe the presence of pre-existing cracks and fractures lines. Samples were divided into three experimental groups (n = 20): ProTaper NEXT (PTN), K3XF (K3XF) and WaveOne GOLD (WOG)...
June 2, 2017: BMC Oral Health
Jung-Hong Ha, Sang Won Kwak, Sung Kyo Kim, Asgeir Sigurdsson, Hyeon-Cheol Kim
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in torsional resistance using up-regulated speed of rotational spindle. METHODS: Three NiTi rotary instrument systems were selected in this study: K3XF (SybronEndo, Glendora, CA), BLX (B&L Biotech, Ansan, Korea), and OneShape (MicroMega, Besançon, France). The tip size and taper for all files were #25 and 0.06. Experimental groups (n = 10/group) were assigned to 2-, 60-, 350-, and 600-rpm groups by the rotational speed of spindle...
March 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Zhao Wei, Zhi Cui, Ping Yan, Han Jiang
BACKGROUND: Micro-CT (μCT) studies that combine simulated canals with meglucamine diatrizoate to evaluate the shaping ability of nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments are lacking in the literature. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the shaping ability of three new different nickel-titanium rotary instruments in simulated root canals using μCT. METHODS: Thirty simulated root canals with a curvature of 60° were randomly allocated into the following 3 groups (n = 10): Group 1, ProTaper Universal (PTU) rotary system; Group 2, Reciproc single-file system; and Group 3, K3XF rotary system...
January 9, 2017: BMC Oral Health
JinWook Choi, Soram Oh, Yu-Chan Kim, Kwang-Koo Jee, KeeYeon Kum, SeokWoo Chang
The purpose of this study was to compare fracture resistances of K3 nickel-titanium files made from different thermal treatments. K3 (SybronEndo, Orange, CA), K3XF (SybronEndo), and experimentally heat treated K3 (K3H) were used. For the cyclic fatigue test, the samples were rotated with up-and-down motion in the artificial canal with the curvature of 60 degrees until the fracture occurred. The number of cycles to fracture (NCF) was measured. For the torsional fracture test, the samples were tightly bound and rotated until the fracture occurred...
2016: Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications
Juan-Gonzalo Olivier, Marc García-Font, Jose-Antonio Gonzalez-Sanchez, Miguel Roig-Cayon, Fernando Durán-Sindreu
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to evaluate and compare how apical enlargement with K3 and K3XF nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments reduces the root thickness in the danger zone and affects canal transportation and centering ability in mandibular molar mesial canals in a manikin extracted tooth model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-two mesial root canals of first mandibular molars were instrumented. Initial and post-instrumentation Cone Beam Computed Tomography scans were performed after root canal preparation up to size 25, 30, 35 and 40 files...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Mehmet Emin Kaval, Ismail Davut Capar, Hüseyin Ertas, Bilge Hakan Sen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the cyclic fatigue resistance of F6 SkyTaper (Komet Brasseler, Lemgo, Germany), K3XF (SybronEndo, Orange, CA, USA), new generation OneShape (Micro Mega, Besancon, France) and TRUShape 3D conforming files (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK, USA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten instruments from each group were selected and allowed to rotate using a low-torque motor in a stainless steel block with 1...
June 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
Fabio de Almeida-Gomes, Humberto Ramah Menezes de Matos, Rodrigo Ferreira Lopes Arrais Nunes, Ariel Moura Arrais, Claudio Ferreira-Maniglia, Marcelo de Morais Vitoriano, Eduardo Diogo Gurgel-Filho
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to compare the cyclic fatigue resistance of nine types of endodontic instruments of nickel-titanium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five files of 25 mm of length of each group: Reciproc (RC) R25; WaveOne (WO) Primary; Unicone (UC) L25 25/0.06; K3XF 25/0.06; ProTaper Universal F2 (PTF2); ProTaper Next X2 (PTX2); Mtwo 25/0.06; BioRaCe 25/0.06; One Shape L25 25/0.06 were subjected to a cyclic fatigue resistance test on a mechanical apparatus...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Prashant Monga, Nitika Bajaj, Pardeep Mahajan, Shiwani Garg
Biomechanical preparation is one of the most important steps in endodontic therapy. Rotary instrumentation has facilitated this step. Nowadays the market is flooded with different types of rotary instruments. The present study compared the root dentinal crack formation with continuous rotating versus reciprocating root canal preparation methods. One hundred and fifty freshly extracted teeth were used for the study. They were divided into 5 groups with 30 teeth in each group. Thirty teeth were kept under control group A and no root canal preparation was done for this group...
December 2015: Singapore Dental Journal
H S Topçuoğlu, R Zan, F Akpek, G Topçuoğlu, Ö Ulusan, A Aktı, S Düzgün, M Ağırnaslıgil
AIM: To assess the amount of debris extruded apically during root canal preparation using various nickel-titanium instrumentation systems. METHODOLOGY: Sixty extracted single-rooted mandibular premolar human teeth were randomly assigned to four groups (n = 15 teeth for each group). The canals were then instrumented with the following instrument systems: Vortex Blue (VB; Dentsply Tulsa Dental, Tulsa, OK, USA), K3XF (SybronEndo, Orange, CA, USA), Reciproc (VDW, Munich, Germany) and ProTaper Next (PTN; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland)...
December 2016: International Endodontic Journal
Priyanka Ghogre, Hemant Ramesh Chourasia, Manish Agarwal, M P Singh, Sandeep Gurav, Rahul Ghogre
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the number of intracanal bacteria extruded apically during root canal preparation using rotary ProTaper, K3XF, twisted, and hand K-file system. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventy extracted single-rooted human mandibular premolar teeth were used. Access cavities were prepared and the teeth were mounted in glass vials. Root canals were then contaminated with a pure culture of Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212) and incubated at 37°C for 24 h...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Bernardo Corrêa de Almeida, Fabíola Ormiga, Marcos César Pimenta de Araújo, Ricardo Tadeu Lopes, Inayá Corrêa Barbosa Lima, Bernardo Camargo dos Santos, Heloisa Gusman
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to make a 3-dimensional comparison of the canal transportation and changes in apical geometry using micro-computed tomographic imaging after canal preparation with K3 (SybronEndo, Orange, CA) and K3XF (SybronEndo) file systems. METHODS: Twenty-eight mandibular molars were randomly divided into 2 groups according to the rotary system used in instrumentation: K3 or K3XF. The specimens were scanned by micro-computed tomographic imaging before and after instrumentation...
December 2015: Journal of Endodontics
D Zhao, Y Shen, B Peng, M Haapasalo
AIM: To compare the cyclic fatigue resistance of HyFlex CM, Twisted Files (TF), K3XF, Race, and K3, and evaluate the effect of autoclave sterilization on the cyclic fatigue resistance of these instruments both before and after the files were cycled. METHODOLOGY: Five types of NiTi instruments with similar size 30, .06 taper were selected: HyFlex CM, TF, K3XF, Race and K3. Files were tested in a simulated canal with a curvature of 60° and a radius of 3 mm. The number of cycles to failure of each instrument was determined to evaluate cyclic fatigue resistance...
October 2016: International Endodontic Journal
Jung-Hong Ha, Sung Kyo Kim, Gary Shun-Pan Cheung, Seong Hwa Jeong, Yong Chul Bae, Hyeon-Cheol Kim
This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of torsional preloads on the cyclic fatigue life of nickel-titanium (NiTi) instruments with different history of heat treatments by manufacturers. WaveOne (Primary) made of M-wire, K3XF (#30/0.06) of R-phase, and ProTaper (F2) of conventional NiTi alloy was used. Each file was preloaded at four conditions (nil, 25, 50, and 75% of their mean ultimate torsional strength) before fatigue testing. The torsional preloads 10-, 30-, or 50-times were applied by securing 5 mm of the file tip, rotating it until the preset torque was attained before returning to the origin...
May 2015: Scanning
Ya Shen, Abdullah Mahmoud Riyahi, Les Campbell, Huimin Zhou, Tianfeng Du, Zhejun Wang, Wei Qian, Markus Haapasalo
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of various degrees of cyclic fatigue on torsional failure and torsional preloading on the cyclic fatigue life of heat-treated K3XF nickel-titanium (NiTi) instruments (SybronEndo, Orange, CA). METHODS: The mean number of cycles until failure (Nf) of K3XF and K3 NiTi instruments was examined in a 3-point bending apparatus with a 7-mm radius and 45° curve. Torque and distortion angles at failure of new instruments and instruments stressed to 25%, 50%, and 75% of the Nf were measured according to ISO 3630-1...
April 2015: Journal of Endodontics
Rajendra K Tewari, Sajid Ali, Surendra K Mishra, Ashok Kumar, Syed Mukhtar-Un-Nisar Andrabi, Asma Zoya, Sharique Alam
AIM: In the present study, the effectiveness of three rotary and two manual nickel titanium instrument systems on mechanical reduction of the intracanal Enterococcus faecalis population was evaluated. METHODS: Mandibular premolars with straight roots were selected. Teeth were decoronated and instrumented until 20 K file and irrigated with physiological saline. After sterilization by ethylene oxide gas, root canals were inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis. The specimens were randomly divided into five groups for canal instrumentation: Manual Nitiflex and Hero Shaper nickel titanium files, and rotary Hyflex CM, ProTaper Next, and K3XF nickel titanium files...
May 2016: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
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