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J He, X Q Zheng, C H Luo, Z X Huang, W Y He, H B Wang, C X Yang
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound guided quadratus lumborum block combined with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty. Methods: From January to June 2017, sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status Ⅰ to Ⅲ patients, aged 55-75 yr, scheduled for total hip arthroplasty, were randomly divided into control group(group N) and quadratus lumborum block (group R). Ultrasound guided quadratus lumborum block was implemented on the affected side at the end of operation...
February 27, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Jinseok Yeo, Hoon Jung, Hyerim Lee
Background: The chronic postischemia pain (CPIP) model is an animal model using ischemia/reperfusion injury that mimics the symptoms of complex regional pain syndrome type I. Glutathione (GSH) prevents ischemia/reperfusion injury by scavenging free radicals. We conducted this study to investigate the protective effect of GSH in CPIP rats via changes of mechanical allodynia and phospholyration of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit GluN1. Methods: We divided 45 rats into 5 groups: sham, CPIP, CPIP + GSH 100 mg/kg, CPIP + GSH 200 mg/kg, and CPIP + GSH 500 mg/kg...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
Albert Ferrando, Joan Part, Jose Baeza
Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of bioglass (BAG-S53P4) in the treatment of patients with chronic osteomyelitis and compare the results with calcium sulphate antibiotic beads in one medical centre. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 25 cases. INCLUSION CRITERIA: patients diagnosed clinically and radiographically of osteomyelitis and treated surgically (Group 1: cavitary bone defects treated with bioglass and Group 2: cavitary bone defects treated with calcium sulphate antibiotic beads) during the period of 2014 and 2015 in one medical centre...
2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Infection
Achmad Fauzi Kamal, Anggaditya Putra, Wahyu Widodo
INTRODUCTION: Distal humerus is a very rare predilection site of osteosarcoma. Limb salvage surgery has widely replaced amputation for surgical treatment of most types of malignant bone sarcomas. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We presented a 42 years old male with rapidly growing osteosarcoma on his right distal humerus. After induction chemotherapy, wide excision and reconstruction using free vascularized fibular graft followed with interpositional elbow arthroplasty technique was done...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ryuichi Kawahara, Takahisa Shirahama, Shyoichirou Arai, Daisuke Muroya, Yoriko Nomura, Shogo Fukutomi, Nobuhisa Shirahama, Katsuaki Takagi, Yuichi Goto, Masanori Akashi, Yuichirou Maruyama, Hisamune Sakai, Hiroto Ishikawa, Toru Hisaka, Masafumi Yasunaga, Hiroyuki Horiuchi, Koji Okuda, Yoshito Akagi, Hiroyuki Tanaka
T2 (tumor invades perimuscular connective tissue; no extension beyond serosa or into liver) gallbladder cancer has generally been treated by S4aS5 subsegmentectomy (S4aS5 HR). We investigated the therapeutic effect of full-thickness cholecystectomy (FC) and gallbladder bed resection (GBR), in terms of tumor location and resection margin (distance from the tumor). At our department we employ the following protocol to determine the extent of resection needed to achieve R0 status: (1) A tumor located in the gallbladder fundus (Gf) or body (Gb) and only on the free peritoneal side was classified as P-type, for which full-thickness cholecystectomy and regional lymph node dissection were performed...
April 13, 2017: Kurume Medical Journal
Xue-Lian Li, Dan-Feng Du, Hua Jiang
BACKGROUND: The 3D laparoscopy systems and robotic systems have been introduced into clinical practice for a few years. But the comparison of robotic and 3D laparoscopic gynecologic surgery is still needed. OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively compare the learning curves of robotic and 3D laparoscopic hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy in cervical cancer. STUDY DESIGN: The operational duration, blood loss, peritoneal drainage of first 24 hours after operation, total hospitalization days, hospitalization days after operation, lymph nodes collected, learning curves and cost of robotic and 3D laparoscopic hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy in cervical cancer performed by one experienced surgeon were studied...
2016: Journal of Cancer
Paolo Cariati, Rocío Martínez, Ildefonso Martínez-Lara
BACKGROUND: Orthognathic surgery is a branch of maxillofacial surgery. It carries out the treatment of the facial skeleton asymmetries and deformities. The patients who ask for this surgery are often young people who usually refer symptoms related to dental malocclusion, difficulty eating and temporo-mandibular pain. These physical symptoms are often accompanied by psychological symptoms triggered by their physical appearance such as low self-esteem, self-confidence and negativism about their social and emotional future...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Jerry Yongqiang Chen, Benjamin Fu Hong Ang, Lei Jiang, Nicholas Eng Meng Yeo, Kevin Koo, Inderjeet Singh Rikhraj
BACKGROUND: Although more than 1500 publications on hallux valgus can be found in the current literature, none of them have reported on the course of pain resolution after hallux valgus surgery. Thus, this study aimed to investigate pain resolution after hallux valgus surgery and to identify predictive factors associated with residual pain at 6 months after surgery. METHODS: We prospectively followed up 308 patients who underwent hallux valgus surgery at a tertiary hospital at 6 months and 2 years after surgery...
October 2016: Foot & Ankle International
J Ridolfo, M Saour, G Culas, N Zeroual, G Samarani, P Gaudard, P Colson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Wei Hu, Jun Liu, Jian Jiang, Feng Yang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) on angiogenesis in rats after brain injury. 
 METHODS: Brain injury model of rats was established with freely fall method. A total of 50 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into a transplanted group and a control group (n=25 in each group). BM-MSCs were injected in lateral ventricle in the transplanted group, and normal saline was injected in the control group. Modified method for neurological deficit scores (mNSS) was performed at the 1, 3, 7, 21, 14 d after the operation...
May 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Gábor Bari, László Csepregi, Miklós Bitay, Gábor Bogáts
INTRODUCTION: Minimal access aortic valve replacement plays a significant role in modern cardiac surgery. The technical evolution of aortic bioprostheses, particularly sutureless valves, leads to simplify minimal access aortic valve surgery and it allows easier implantation in a narrow work field with the need of less manipulation. AIM: The aim of this study is to summarize the historical and technical aspects of minimal access aortic valve replacement, especially concentrating on sutureless valves, and to present data of own patients of the authors...
June 5, 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
Zheng Li, Xin Yu, Jianxiong Shen, Jinqian Liang
BACKGROUND: Wilson's disease (WD) is an autosomal recessive disorder of copper metabolism, which leads to the accumulation of this metal in liver, brain, cornea and kidney. Little is reported about spinal deformity associated with this syndrome. This study is to present a case of thoracic kyphosis occurring in the setting of Wilson'disease and explore the possible association between the two diseases. CASE PRESENTATION: Case report and literature review. A previously unreported thoracic kyphosis in Wislon's disease is decribed...
September 24, 2014: BMC Surgery
Wei Wang, Xiulan Zhang
PURPOSE: Epidemiologic studies assessing the relationship between alcohol consumption and the risk of age-related cataracts (ARCs) led to inconsistent results. This meta-analysis was performed to fill this gap. METHODS: Eligible studies were identified via computer searches and reviewing the reference lists of these obtained articles. Pooled estimates of the relative risks (RR) and the corresponding 95% confidence Intervals (CI) were calculated using random effects models...
2014: PloS One
Emilio Sacanella, Marga Navarro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2014: Medicina Clínica
Leyre Lorente, José Manuel Ramón, Pablo Vidal, Alberto Goday, Alejandra Parri, Enrique Lanzarini, Manuel Pera, Luis Grande
INTRODUCTION: Morbimortality after bariatric surgery varies according to patient characteristics and associated comorbidities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Obesity sugery mortality risk score scale (OS-MRS) to predict the risk of postoperative complications after bariatric surgery. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of a prospective series of patients undergoing bariatric surgery in which the OS-MRS scale was applied preoperatively...
May 2014: Cirugía Española
Gang Wang, Changsheng Huang, Yichun Wang, Qulian Guo, Haiying Jiang, Jifang Wen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in the spinal cord dorsal horn after intrathecal a specific p38MAPK inhibitor-SB203580 on neuropathic pain in rats induced by chronic constrictive injury (CCI) to the sciatic nerve. METHODS: Twenty-four male SD rats after intrathecal catheter placement were randomly divided into 4 groups: a sham group with sham surgery, the neuropathic pain model of a NS group, a DMSO group and an SB group were established by CCI to sciatic nerve...
July 2013: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Yao Wang, Gang Wang, Chang-qing Gao
BACKGROUND: Robotic assisted minimally invasive cardiac sugery is a new technique that uses small port sites and peripheral vessel cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been used. The right internal jugular vein (IJV) is commonly used for intraoperative venous access to the central circulation and identified with an external landmark. Previous studies have demonstrated the superiority of ultrasound guidance over external landmark technique in anaesthetic and intensive care settings...
July 2013: Chinese Medical Journal
Hyun-Jun Jeon, Young-Chul Park, Jong Nam Lee, Jun-Seok Bae
BACKGROUND: We compared clinical properties and patient satisfaction between spinal anesthesia and popliteal sciatic nerve block (PSNB) for hallux valgus surgery. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing hallux valgus surgery were divided into spinal group (spinal anesthesia with 2.5 ml of 0.5% bupivacaine [n = 20]) and PSNB group (PSNB with 30 ml of 0.75% ropivacaine mixed with 10 ml of normal saline solution using a nerve stimulator [n = 20]). The PSNB group used a patient-controlled-analgesia (PCA) pump for postoperative pain control...
April 2013: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Yutong Gu, Feng Zhang, Xiaoxing Jiang, Lianshun Jia, Robert McGuire
OBJECT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of minimally invasive pedicle screw fixation combined with percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for treating acute thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (VCF) and preventing secondary VCF after PVP. METHODS: Twenty patients with a mean age of 73.6 years (range 65-85 years) who sustained fresh thoracic or lumbar osteoporotic VCFs without neurological deficits underwent minimally invasive pedicle screw fixation combined with PVP...
June 2013: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Dagny Ösp Vilhjálmsdottir, Harpa Hrund Hinriksdóttir, Frida Run Pórdardottir, Inga Pórsdottir, Ingibjörg Gunnarsdtótir
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to estimate energy and protein intake of patients at the Department of Cardiothoracic surgery, Landspítali the National University Hospital of Iceland. Another aim was also to assess their nutritional status. METHODS: The energy and protein content of meals served by the hospital's kitchen is known. Starting at least 48 hours after surgery, all left over food and drinks were weighed and recorded for three consecutive days. Energy and protein requirements were estimated according to clinical guidelines for hospital nutrition at Landspítali (25-30 kcal/kg/day and 1...
February 2013: Læknablađiđ
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