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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806766/sublingual-immunotherapy-slit-for-house-dust-mites-does-not-prevent-new-allergen-sensitization-and-bronchial-hyper-responsiveness-in-allergic-rhinitis-children
#1
Jae Hyun Lim, Jin Youp Kim, Doo Hee Han, Chul Hee Lee, Seung-No Hong, Jee Hye Wee, Sue K Park, Chae-Seo Rhee
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to identify the effects of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) on immunologic parameters and bronchial-hyper-responsiveness in children with allergic rhinitis to house-dust mite (HDM), through long-term follow-up cohort. METHODS: Among the Allergic Rhinitis Cohort Study for Kids, pediatric patients who visited the hospital for rhinitis symptoms and proven allergy to HDM through skin prick test were studied. In this cohort, 37 patients received SLIT more than 3-years (SLIT group), and 184 patients received only pharmacologic therapy (non-SLIT group) were included in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806571/separation-and-characterization-of-allergic-polymerized-impurities-in-cephalosporins-by-2d-hpsec%C3%A3-lc-it-tof-ms
#2
Yu Xu, DanDan Wang, Lan Tang, Jian Wang
Eleven unknown allergic impurities in cefodizime, cefmenoxime and cefonicid were separated and characterized by a trap-free two-dimensional high performance size exclusion chromatography (HPSEC) and reversed phase liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) coupled to high resolution ion trap/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (2D-HPSEC×LC-IT-TOF MS) with positive and negative modes of electrospray ionization method. Separation and characterization the allergic polymerized impurities in β-lactam antibiotics were on the basis of column-switching technique which effectively combined the advantages of HPSEC and the ability of RP-HPLC to identify the special impurities...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805450/commentary-health-concerns-of-brazil-nut-consumption
#3
Elias E Mazokopakis, Michael I Liontiris
Brazil nuts are the fruit of the enormous tropical tree Bertholletia excelsa that are produced in and exported from the territory of the Amazon. As a natural rich source of selenium (Se), the consumption of Brazil nuts is often suggested as therapeutic among patients with autoimmune thyroid diseases. In this review, the current knowledge regarding the main health concerns of Brazil nut consumption, such as Se toxicity, Se-induced type 2 diabetes mellitus, weight gain, radioactivity, aflatoxins, and allergic reactions, is presented and discussed...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804907/allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-isobornyl-acrylate-in-freestyle%C3%A2-libre-a-newly-introduced-glucose-sensor
#4
Anne Herman, Olivier Aerts, Marie Baeck, Magnus Bruze, Christophe De Block, An Goossens, Nils Hamnerius, Sara Huygens, Dominique Maiter, Dominique Tennstedt, Bernard Vandeleene, Martin Mowitz
BACKGROUND: Glucose sensors, such as FreeStyle® Libre, are innovative medical devices developed for diabetes patients as a replacement for classic glucose meters, ensuring continuous glucose monitoring without the disadvantage of regular skin finger pricks. OBJECTIVES: To report several cases of allergic contact dermatitis caused by FreeStyle® Libre, and to report on isobornyl acrylate as a culprit allergen. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients presented with allergic contact dermatitis caused by FreeStyle® Libre...
August 14, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804700/abridged-version-of-the-awmf-guideline-for-the-medical-clinical-diagnostics-of-indoor-mould-exposure-s2k-guideline-of-the-german-society-of-hygiene-environmental-medicine-and-preventive-medicine-ghup-in-collaboration-with-the-german-association-of-allergists
#5
Gerhard A Wiesmüller, Birger Heinzow, Ute Aurbach, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Albrecht Bufe, Walter Buzina, Oliver A Cornely, Steffen Engelhart, Guido Fischer, Thomas Gabrio, Werner Heinz, Caroline E W Herr, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Martin Köberle, Herbert Lichtnecker, Thomas Lob-Corzilius, Rolf Merget, Norbert Mülleneisen, Dennis Nowak, Uta Rabe, Monika Raulf, Hans Peter Seidl, Jens-Oliver Steiß, Regine Szewszyk, Peter Thomas, Kerttu Valtanen, Julia Hurraß
This article is an abridged version of the AWMF mould guideline "Medical clinical diagnostics of indoor mould exposure" presented in April 2016 by the German Society of Hygiene, Environmental Medicine and Preventive Medicine (Gesellschaft für Hygiene, Umweltmedizin und Präventivmedizin, GHUP), in collaboration with the above-mentioned scientific medical societies, German and Austrian societies, medical associations and experts. Indoor mould growth is a potential health risk, even if a quantitative and/or causal relationship between the occurrence of individual mould species and health problems has yet to be established...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803196/prenatal-exposure-to-dioxin-like-compounds-is-associated-with-decreased-cord-blood-ige-and-increased-risk-of-wheezing-in-children-aged-up-to-7years-the-hokkaido-study
#6
Chihiro Miyashita, Yu Ait Bamai, Atsuko Araki, Sachiko Itoh, Machiko Minatoya, Sumitaka Kobayashi, Jumboku Kajiwara, Tsuguhide Hori, Reiko Kishi
INTRODUCTION: In utero exposure to dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) may cause imbalance of immune development in early infancy. However, there are few epidemiological studies into the effects of in utero exposure to DLCs on allergies and infections during childhood. This study evaluates associations between concentrations of maternal DLCs and cord blood immunoglobulin (Ig) E, as well as allergies and infections during childhood. METHOD: We recruited 514 pregnant women in a maternity hospital in Sapporo, Japan, and measured concentrations of DLCs in 426 maternal blood samples using high-resolution gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry...
August 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803185/risk-of-allergic-reactions-to-recurrent-intravenous-penicillin-administration-in-penicillin-skin-test-negative-patients
#7
Steve M Dorman, Sharon Seth, David A Khan
BACKGROUND: Patients with a history of penicillin allergy who are found to be skin test negative to penicillin are able to tolerate repeated oral doses of penicillin with low rates of resensitization. However, the resensitization rate after repeated doses of intravenous penicillin is less clear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the risk of allergic reactions to repeated doses of intravenous penicillin in patients who previously reported penicillin allergy and were found to be penicillin skin test and oral challenge negative...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803150/residential-greenness-and-allergic-respiratory-diseases-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
K A Lambert, G Bowatte, R Tham, C Lodge, L Prendergast, J Heinrich, M J Abramson, S C Dharmage, B Erbas
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of allergic respiratory disease in children is not yet fully understood. Environmental factors are believed to play a major part. The amount of green vegetation surrounding the home (residential greenness) has been recently identified as a potentially important exposure OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to provide a systematic review and quantitative summary of the evidence regarding the relationship between residential greenness and allergic respiratory diseases in children...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802371/how-can-we-improve-medical-adherence-to-intranasal-corticosteroids-in-children
#9
Emre Ocak, Deniz Kocaoz, Baran Acar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors which may be related to nonadherence to intranasal corticosteroids (ICS) in the treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR) in children. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on children with AR diagnosis in a tertiary referral hospital. All participants were provided with mometasone furoate nasal sprays for 30 days after the diagnosis. Caregivers were called back when the therapy was over and completed a questionnaire about the factors that may influence the adherence to the treatment...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802126/derp1-modified-dendritic-cells-attenuate-allergic-inflammation-by-regulating-the-development-of-t-helper-type1-th1-th2-cells-and-regulatory-t-cells-in-a-murine-model-of-allergic-rhinitis
#10
Shaoqing Yu, Bing Han, Shuangxi Liu, Hong Wang, Wenjie Zhuang, Yu Huang, Ruxin Zhang
The CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) are known to regulate Th2-induced allergic rhinitis (AR). In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of Derp1-modified dendritic cells (DCs) in AR immunotherapy. Derp1 was synthesized and transfected into DCs to generate Derp1-modified DCs. Phenotypes of Derp1-modified DCs were analyzed with flow cytometry using antibodies against DC markers CD11c, CD11b, CD59, CD103 and Toll-like receptor 1(TLR1). Four groups of subject mice were formed; the controls were treated with immature DCs, while the AR mice models were sensitized with Derp1(AR) and treated with DCs(DC-AR) or Derp1-modified DCs (Derp1DC-AR)...
August 9, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802100/influence-of-il-6-il-33-and-tnf-%C3%AE-on-human-mast-cell-activation-lessons-from-single-cell-analysis-by-flow-cytometry
#11
Nathalie Cop, Didier G Ebo, Chris H Bridts, Jessy Elst, Margo M Hagendorens, Christel Mertens, Margaretha A Faber, Luc S De Clerck, Vito Sabato
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms that govern priming and degranulation of human mast cells (MCs) remain elusive. Besides, most of our knowledge is based on experiments from which data only reflect an average of all stimulated cells. This study aims at investigating the effects of proinflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-33, and TNF-α on IgE-dependent and IgE-independent activation of individual MCs. METHODS: MCs were derived from CD34(+) progenitors isolated from 50 mL whole blood from 4 healthy controls and 5 birch pollen allergic patients...
August 12, 2017: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802075/overcoming-severe-adverse-reactions-to-venom-immunotherapy-by-using-anti-ige-antibodies-in-combination-with-a-high-maintenance-dose
#12
Eva Stretz, Eva Maria Oppel, Räwer Helen-Caroline, René Chatelain, Sebastian Mastnik, Bernhard Przybilla, Franziska Ruëff
BACKGROUND: An omalizumab treatment and a high maintenance venom dose may both help to prevent recurrent systemic allergic reactions (SAR) to venom immunotherapy (VIT). The effectiveness of this combination therapy, however, is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We wanted to explore the possibility whether a temporary treatment with the anti-IgE antibody omalizumab, combined with a VIT using an elevated maintenance dose of >100 μg venom may establish a permanent tolerance of maintenance VIT...
August 12, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802031/quality-of-life-among-caregivers-and-growth-in-children-with-parent-reported-food-allergy
#13
Tanya Kajornrattana, Pasuree Sangsupawanich, Araya Yuenyongviwat
BACKGROUND: Some caregivers who believe their children have food allergy avoid feeding certain foods to their children without proper allergy tests. Such actions made without a proper diagnosis can negatively impact the child's health and impose an unnecessary burden on the caregivers. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the caregiver quality of life (QoL) and growth in children with a parent-reported food allergy. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study was performed in 200 children younger than five years who had a parent-reported food allergy...
August 8, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802026/reversible-immune-abnormality-and-regulatory-t-cells-in-offspring-of-der-p-1-exposed-female-mice
#14
Lu Tan, Zezhang Tao, Yonggang Kong, Yu Xu
BACKGROUND: Maternal allergic diseases have an important influence on the origin of allergic rhinitis (AR) in offspring, but the mechanism and the duration of the maternal effect are unknown. Previous researches prompted the important roles of Tregs and Foxp3 DNA methylation in the development of allergic diseases. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the immune state and Tregs in the offspring of Der p 1-exposed female mice. METHOD: BALB/c female mice were exposed to Der p1 to construct the mouse AR model, then mated with normal male mice...
August 8, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801780/a-case-of-acetaminophen-induced-acute-tubulointerstitial-nephritis-in-adult
#15
Dan Inoue, Ryosuke Usui, Kosaku Nitta, Minako Koike
We report a case of allergic acute tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) induced by acetaminophen in a 48-year-old Japanese man with no past medical history. Two days after receiving the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) loxoprofen for left shoulder pain, he developed cold symptoms such as fever and sore throat. He then took a 300 mg dose of acetaminophen three times a day and a 100 mg dose of minocycline hydrochloride twice a day for 7 days. Because there was no improvement in his symptoms, he consulted a local clinic again, where blood tests revealed renal insufficiency, and he was, then, referred to our hospital for evaluation of kidney function...
August 11, 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801713/cross-reactivity-profiles-of-legumes-and-tree-nuts-using-the-xmap-%C3%A2-multiplex-food-allergen-detection-assay
#16
Chung Y Cho, Carolyn Oles, William Nowatzke, Kerry Oliver, Eric A E Garber
The homology between proteins in legumes and tree nuts makes it common for individuals with food allergies to be allergic to multiple legumes and tree nuts. This propensity for allergenic and antigenic cross-reactivity means that commonly employed commercial immunodiagnostic assays (e.g., dipsticks) for the detection of food allergens may not always accurately detect, identify, and quantitate legumes and tree nuts unless additional orthogonal analytical methods or secondary measures of analysis are employed...
August 12, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801431/socioeconomic-and-geographical-variation-in-general-practitioner-consultations-for-allergic-rhinitis-in-england-2003-2014-an-observational-study
#17
Daniel Todkill, Paul Loveridge, Alex James Elliot, Roger Morbey, Simon de Lusignan, Obaghe Edeghere, Gillian Smith
OBJECTIVE: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a global health problem, potentially impacting individuals' sleep, work and social life. We aimed to use a surveillance network of general practitioners (GPs) to describe the epidemiology of AR consultations in England. SETTING: A large GP surveillance network covering approximately 53% of the English population. METHODS: GP consultations for AR across England between 30 December 2002 and 31 December 2014 were analysed...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801358/il-4-il-13-heteroreceptor-influences-th17-cell-conversion-and-sensitivity-to-regulatory-t-cell-suppression-to-restrain-experimental-allergic-encephalomyelitis
#18
Subhasis Barik, Jason S Ellis, Jason A Cascio, Mindy M Miller, Tobechukwu K Ukah, Alexis N Cattin-Roy, Habib Zaghouani
IL-4 and IL-13 have been defined as anti-inflammatory cytokines that can counter myelin-reactive T cells and modulate experimental allergic encephalomyelitis. However, it is not known whether endogenous IL-4 and IL-13 contribute to the maintenance of peripheral tolerance and whether their function is coordinated with T regulatory cells (Tregs). In this study, we used mice in which the common cytokine receptor for IL-4 and IL-13, namely the IL-4Rα/IL-13Rα1 (13R) heteroreceptor (HR), is compromised and determined whether the lack of signaling by endogenous IL-4 and IL-13 through the HR influences the function of effector Th1 and Th17 cells in a Treg-dependent fashion...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801015/food-allergen-extracts-to-diagnose-food-induced-allergic-diseases-how-they-are-made
#19
Natalie A David, Anusha Penumarti, A Wesley Burks, Jay E Slater
OBJECTIVE: To review the manufacturing procedures of food allergen extracts and applicable regulatory requirements from government agencies, potential approaches to standardization, and clinical application of these products. The effects of thermal processing on allergenicity of common food allergens are also considered. DATA SOURCES: A broad literature review was conducted on the natural history of food allergy, the manufacture of allergen extracts, and the allergenicity of heated food...
August 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800865/contemporary-reviews-in-critical-care-medicine-anaphylaxis
#20
REVIEW
Daniel LoVerde, Onyinye I Iweala, Ariana Eginli, Guha Krishnaswamy
Anaphylaxis is a systemic, life threatening disorder triggered by mediators released by mast cells and basophils activated via allergic (IgE-mediated) or non-allergic (non-IgE-mediated) mechanisms. It is a rapidly evolving, multisystem process involving the integumentary, pulmonary, gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems. Anaphylaxis and angioedema are serious disorders that can lead to fatal airway obstruction and culminate in cardiorespiratory arrest resulting in hypoxemia and/or shock. Often, these disorders can be appropriately managed in an outpatient setting...
August 8, 2017: Chest
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