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MTS peptide

Miguel Muñoz, Marisa Rosso, Rafael Coveñas
BACKGROUND: Gastric and colon cancer cells express the neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1R) and the peptide substance P (SP), after binding to this receptor, elicits the proliferation of gastrointestinal cancer cells and an antiapoptotic effect. In these cells, NK-1R antagonists (L-733,060: a piperidine derivative; aprepitant: a morpholine derivative) block, after binding to the NK-1R, the action of SP and exert an antiproliferative action, both antagonists promote apoptosis and the death of cancer cells...
February 12, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Min-Kyeong Lee, Young-Min Kim, In-Hye Kim, Youn-Hee Choi, Taek-Jeong Nam
Skeletal muscle atrophy refers to the decline in muscle mass and strength that occurs under various conditions, including aging, starvation, cancer and other cachectic diseases. Muscle atrophy caused by aging, known as sarcopenia, primarily occurs after 50 years of age. Muscle atrophy‑related genes, including atrogin1/muscle atrophy F‑box (MAFbx) and muscle RING finger 1 (MuRF1), are expressed early in the muscle atrophy process, and their expression precedes the loss of muscle mass. The present study investigated the potential anti‑atrophic effects of the Pyropia yezoensis peptide PYP1‑5...
June 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
William Tieu, Tulip Lifa, Andrew Katsifis, Rachel Codd
The reaction between Zr(IV) and the forward endo-hydroxamic acid monomer 4-[(5-aminopentyl)(hydroxy)amino]-4-oxobutanoic acid (for-PBH) in a 1:4 stoichiometry in the presence of diphenylphosphoryl azide and triethylamine gave the octadentate Zr(IV)-loaded tetrameric hydroxamic acid macrocycle for-[Zr(DFOT1)] ([M + H](+) calc 887.3, obs 887.2). In this metal-templated synthesis (MTS) approach, the coordination preferences of Zr(IV) directed the preorganization of four oxygen-rich bidentate for-PBH ligands about the metal ion prior to ring closure under peptide coupling conditions...
February 28, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
J B Shabb, W W Muhonen, A A Mehus
Metallothioneins (MTs) are a family of small, highly conserved, cysteine-rich metal-binding proteins that are important for zinc and copper homeostasis, protection against oxidative stress, and buffering against toxic heavy metals. Individual human MT isoforms are candidate biomarkers for heavy metal toxicity, and selected cancers and neurodegenerative diseases. The similar antigenicity of human MT-1 and MT-2 isoforms precludes development of antibody-based assays for their individual quantitation. Metal-based MT quantitation methods do not directly measure MT isoforms...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
Y Ivashko-Pachima, C Laura Sayas, A Malishkevich, I Gozes
Activity-dependent neuroprotective protein (ADNP), vital for brain formation and cognitive function, is mutated in autism and linked to neurodegenerative/psychiatric diseases. An eight-amino-acid peptide snippet of ADNP, NAP (NAPVSIPQ), identified as a smallest active fragment, includes the SxIP microtubule (MT) end-binding protein (EB) association motif, and enhances ADNP-EB3 interaction. Depletion of EB1 or EB3 abolishes NAP protection against zinc intoxication. Furthermore, NAP enhances Tau-MT interaction, and Tau regulates the localization and function of EB1 and EB3 in developing neuronal cells...
January 24, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
Yiming Meng, Xinghua Gao, Wenna Chen, Nicolas P Plotnikoff, Noreen Griffin, Guirong Zhang, Fengping Shan
MENK, an endogenous opioid peptide has been reported to have many immunological and antitumor activities. So far the detailed mechanisms of antitumor through regulating DCs by MENK have not been elucidated yet. The aim of this work was to investigate the antitumor mechanisms of MENK via regulating DC. The monitoring methods, such as ELISA, MTS assay, CFSE, Real-time PCR and Western blot were included in our research. We found bone marrow derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) in 36 female C57BL/6 mice treated with MENK enhanced expression of key surface molecules, increased production of critical cytokines reduced endocytosis of FITC-dextran, upregulated TLR4 through MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway and mounted higher antitumor activity...
March 2017: International Immunopharmacology
Tetsuya Awada, Ryo Kunimatsu, Yuki Yoshimi, Naoto Hirose, Tomomi Mitsuyoshi, Keisuke Sumi, Kotaro Tanimoto
OBJECTIVES: Amelogenins, enamel matrix proteins secreted by ameloblasts, comprise 90% of the developing extracellular enamel matrix. Recent evidence suggests that amelogenins might induce the proliferation of various cells. However, the residues comprising the active site of amelogenin remain unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the effects of a human amelogenin C-terminal peptide (amgCP) on the metabolism of osteoblasts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mouse calvarial osteoblastic cells (MC3T3-E1) were cultured and treated with amgCP...
January 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Cho-Rong Kim, Young-Min Kim, Min-Kyeong Lee, In-Hye Kim, Youn-Hee Choi, Taek-Jeong Nam
Pyropia yezoensis (P. yezoensis) is a marine algae that exhibits antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antitumor and anti-aging activities. In this study, we investigated the effects of the P. yezoensis peptide, PYP1‑5, on collagen synthesis in the human dermal fibroblast cell line Hs27. Skin aging is related to reduced collagen production and the activities of multiple enzymes, including matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which degrade collagen structure in the dermis, and tissue inhibitor of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), which inhibit the action of MMPs...
January 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Svetlana Avvakumova, Elisabetta Galbiati, Laura Sironi, Silvia A Locarno, Luca Gambini, Chiara Macchi, Laura Pandolfi, Massimiliano Ruscica, Paolo Magni, Maddalena Collini, Miriam Colombo, Fabio Corsi, Giuseppe Chirico, Sergio Romeo, Davide Prosperi
Gold nanocages (AuNCs) have been shown to be a useful tool for harnessing imaging and hyperthermia therapy of cancer, thanks to their unique optical properties, low toxicity, and facile surface functionalization. Herein, we use AuNCs for selective targeting of prostate cancer cells (PC3) via specific interaction between neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptor and three different NPY analogs conjugated to AuNCs. Localized surface plasmon resonance band of the nanoconjugates was set around 800 nm, which is appropriate for in vivo applications...
December 21, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Vishruti Makani, Bin Zhang, Heeoon Han, Yuemang Yao, Pierrik Lassalas, Kevin Lou, Ian Paterson, Virginia M Y Lee, John Q Trojanowski, Carlo Ballatore, Amos B Smith, Kurt R Brunden
Neurodegenerative disorders referred to as tauopathies, which includes Alzheimer's disease (AD), are characterized by insoluble deposits of the tau protein within neuron cell bodies and dendritic processes in the brain. Tau is normally associated with microtubules (MTs) in axons, where it provides MT stabilization and may modulate axonal transport. However, tau becomes hyperphosphorylated and dissociates from MTs in tauopathies, with evidence of reduced MT stability and defective axonal transport. This has led to the hypothesis that MT-stabilizing drugs may have potential for the treatment of tauopathies...
September 29, 2016: Acta Neuropathologica Communications
Ying Gao, Dolores D Mruk, Wing-Yee Lui, Will M Lee, C Yan Cheng
During the release of sperm at spermiation, a biologically active F5-peptide, which can disrupt the Sertoli cell tight junction (TJ) permeability barrier, is produced at the site of the degenerating apical ES (ectoplasmic specialization). This peptide coordinates the events of spermiation and blood-testis barrier (BTB) remodeling at stage VIII of the epithelial cycle, creating a local apical ES-BTB axis to coordinate cellular events across the epithelium. The mechanism(s) by which F5-peptide perturbs BTB restructuring, and its involvement in apical ES dynamics remain unknown...
September 27, 2016: Oncotarget
Roman Akasov, Sabah Haq, Fiona Haxho, Vanessa Samuel, Sergey V Burov, Elena Markvicheva, Ronald J Neufeld, Myron R Szewczuk
Multicellular tumor spheroids (MTS) have been at the forefront of cancer research, designed to mimic tumor-like developmental patterns in vitro. Tumor growth in vivo is highly influenced by aberrant cell surface-specific sialoglycan structures on glycoproteins. Aberrant sialoglycan patterns that facilitate MTS formation are not well defined. Matrix-free spheroids from breast MCF-7 and pancreatic PANC1 cancer cell lines and their respective tamoxifen (TMX) and gemcitabine (Gem) resistant variants were generated using the RGD platform of cyclic Arg-Gly-Asp-D-Phe-Lys peptide modified with 4-carboxybutyl-triphenylphosphonium bromide (cyclo-RGDfK (TPP))...
October 4, 2016: Oncotarget
Mahnaz Darvish-Damavandi, Han Kiat Ho, Tse Siang Kang
Propionic acidemia (PA) is a life-threatening disease caused by the deficiency of a mitochondrial biotin-dependent enzyme known as propionyl coenzyme-A carboxylase (PCC). This enzyme is responsible for degrading the metabolic intermediate, propionyl coenzyme-A (PP-CoA), derived from multiple metabolic pathways. Currently, except for drastic surgical and dietary intervention that can only provide partial symptomatic relief, no other form of therapeutic option is available for this genetic disorder. Here, we examine a novel approach in protein delivery by specifically targeting and localizing our protein candidate of interest into the mitochondrial matrix of the cells...
September 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
Jaspal Singh, Satya Prakash Shukla, Tanvi J Desai, D Gomika Udugamasooriya
We previously reported a unique peptide-peptoid hybrid, PPS1 that specifically recognizes lipid-phosphatidylserine (PS) and a few other negatively charged phospholipids, but not neutral phospholipids, on the cell membrane. The dimeric version of PPS1, i.e., PPS1D1 triggers strong cancer cell cytotoxicity and has been validated in lung cancer models both in vitro and in vivo. Given that PS and other negatively charged phospholipids are abundant in almost all tumor microenvironments, PPS1D1 is an attractive drug lead that can be developed into a globally applicable anti-cancer agent...
September 15, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Xin Zhang, Yunyun Cheng, Yang Yang, Songcai Liu, Hui Shi, Chao Lu, Siming Li, Linyan Nie, Dan Su, Xuming Deng, Kexiang Ding, Linlin Hao
Studies have shown that frog skin secretes many types of peptides that are good for human skin. In this study, acid and enzymatic extracts of Rana skin peptides (acid/enzymatic Rana skin peptides, ARPs/ERPs) were obtained. The chemical and physical properties of the ARPs and ERPs were identified through UV scanning, HGLC, FRIT, and MS. MTS and flow cytometry were used to test the proproliferative and antiapoptotic effects of the ARPs and ERPs on human immortalized keratinocytes (HaCaT cells). To elucidate the antiapoptotic mechanisms, the mRNA and protein levels of EGF (epidermal growth factor, which enhances stimulation of cellular proliferation in both cells and epithelial tissues) and caspase-3 were evaluated using quantitative RT-PCR...
January 2, 2017: Animal Biotechnology
Nuo Yu, Luca Signorile, Sreya Basu, Sophie Ottema, Joyce H G Lebbink, Kris Leslie, Ihor Smal, Dick Dekkers, Jeroen Demmers, Niels Galjart
The microtubule (MT) cytoskeleton forms a dynamic filamentous network that is essential for many processes, including mitosis, cell polarity and shape, neurite outgrowth and migration, and ciliogenesis [1, 2]. MTs are built up of α/β-tubulin heterodimers, and their dynamic behavior is in part regulated by tubulin-associated proteins (TAPs). Here we describe a novel system to study mammalian tubulins and TAPs. We co-expressed equimolar amounts of triple-tagged α-tubulin and β-tubulin using a 2A "self-cleaving" peptide and isolated functional fluorescent tubulin dimers from transfected HEK293T cells with a rapid two-step approach...
July 11, 2016: Current Biology: CB
Fahimeh Shamsi
We described a modification of the ionic (RADARADARADARADA)(1) peptide or RADA16-I with 4-azidophenyl isothiocyanate via a specific and gentle reaction. The azidated peptide was covalently immobilized on an alkyne-terminated monolayer on Si(111) via the Cu(I)-catalyzed Huisgen 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction. Detailed characterization using Impedance spectroscopy (IS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy demonstrated high coverage of the RADA 16-I peptide on silicon surfaces...
September 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Roman Akasov, Daria Zaytseva-Zotova, Sergey Burov, Maria Leko, Monique Dontenwill, Manuela Chiper, Thierry Vandamme, Elena Markvicheva
Development of novel anticancer formulations is a priority challenge in biomedicine. However, in vitro models based on monolayer cultures (2D) which are currently used for cytotoxicity tests leave much to be desired. More and more attention is focusing on 3D in vitro systems which can better mimic solid tumors. The aim of the study was to develop a novel one-step highly reproducible technique for multicellular tumor spheroid (MTS) formation using synthetic cyclic RGD-peptides, and to demonstrate availability of the spheroids as 3D in vitro model for antitumor drug testing...
June 15, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Fangfang Fan, Huiying Sun, Hui Xu, Jiawei Liu, Haiyuan Zhang, Yilan Li, Xuelian Ning, Yue Sun, Jing Bai, Songbin Fu, Chunshui Zhou
AIK is a novel cationic peptide with potential antitumor activity. In order to construct the AIK expression vector by Gateway technology, and establish an optimal expression and purification method for recombinant AIK, a set of primers containing AttB sites were designed and used to create the AttB-TEV-FLAG-AIR fusion gene by overlapping PCR. The resulting fusion gene was cloned into the donor vector pDONR223 by attB and attP mediated recombination (BP reaction), then, transferred into the destination vector pDESTl 5 by attL and attR mediated recombination (LR reaction)...
December 2015: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Katsiaryna Tarasava, Serge Chesnov, Eva Freisinger
Metallothioneins (MTs) are low molecular weight proteins, characterized by a high cysteine content and the ability to coordinate large amounts of d(10) metal ions, for example, Zn(II), Cd(II), and Cu(I), in form of metal-thiolate clusters. Depending on intracellular conditions such as redox potential or metal ion concentrations, MTs can occur in various states ranging from the fully metal-loaded holo- to the metal-free apo-form. The Cys thiolate groups in the apo-form can be either reduced or be involved in disulfide bridges...
May 2016: Biopolymers
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