keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

MTS peptide

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683502/the-c-terminus-of-the-amelogenin-peptide-influences-the-proliferation-of-human-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#1
Ryo Kunimatsu, Tetsuya Awada, Yuki Yoshimi, Kazuyo Ando, Naoto Hirose, Yuki Tanne, Keisuke Sumi, Kotaro Tanimoto
BACKGROUND: Amelogenins are a family of enamel matrix proteins that are important for formation of enamel. Amelogenins may induce division of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), among others. Recently, the C-terminus of the amelogenin peptide (AMG-CP) has been shown to enhance the proliferation of cementoblast lineage cells. The role of the amelogenin peptide on the proliferation of human MSCs and related alterations in the intracellular signaling pathway were studied. METHODS: MSCs were exposed to AMG-CP in vitro...
April 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658363/therapy-of-cervical-cancer-using-131-i-labeled-nanoparticles
#2
Wei Li, Danyang Sun, Ning Li, Yiming Shen, Yiming Hu, Jian Tan
Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of two kinds of Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-targeted 131 I-containing nanoliposomes for the treatment of cervical cancer in vitro and in vivo. Methods The nanoparticle liposomes designated RGD-131 I-tyrosine peptide chain (TPC)-L and 131 I-RGD-L were prepared. The emulsion solvent evaporation method was used to encapsulate the polypeptide into liposomes. The quantity of entrapped polypeptide was measured using UV spectrophotometry. The labeling rates, radiochemical purities, and total radioactivities were measured using paper chromatography...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626757/nmta-a-novel-metallothionein-of-anabaena-sp-strain-pcc-7120-imparts-protection-against-cadmium-stress-but-not-oxidative-stress
#3
Divya T V, Pallavi Chandwadkar, Celin Acharya
Metallothioneins (MTs) are low molecular weight, sulfhydryl-containing, cysteine-rich, metal-binding proteins. Eukaryotes have multiple metallothionein genes; however, there is dearth of reports on prokaryotic metallothioneins. Bacterial MTs with SmtA from Synechococcus PCC 7942 as prototype have been studied in the context of cadmium detoxification. In this study, a smtA related ORF, namely nmtA, was identified in the heterocystous, nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium, Anabaena PCC 7120. A recombinant N-terminal histidine-tagged Anabaena NmtA protein was overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified...
March 30, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567297/fine-tuning-the-physicochemical-properties-of-peptide-based-blood-brain-barrier-shuttles
#4
Somaye Ghasemy, Júlia García-Pindado, Fatemeh Aboutalebi, Kianoush Dormiani, Meritxell Teixidó, Morteza Malakoutikhah
N-methylation is a powerful method to modify the physicochemical properties of peptides. We previously found that a fully N-methylated tetrapeptide, Ac-(N-MePhe)4 -CONH2 , was more lipophilic than its non-methylated analog Ac-(Phe)4 -CONH2 . In addition, the former crossed artificial and cell membranes while the latter did not. Here we sought to optimize the physicochemical properties of peptides and address how the number and position of N-methylated amino acids affect these properties. To this end, 15 analogs of Ac-(Phe)4 -CONH2 were designed and synthesized in solid-phase...
March 9, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527284/a-mini-library-system-to-investigate-non-essential-residues-of-lipid-phosphatidylserine-ps-binding-peptide-peptoid-hybrid-pps1
#5
Satya Prakash Shukla, D Gomika Udugamasooriya
We recently identified a peptide-peptoid hybrid, PPS1, which specifically recognized lipid-phosphatidylserine (PS). PPS1 consists of distinct positively charged and hydrophobic residue-containing regions. PPS1 monomer was inactive, but the dimeric form, PPS1D1, displayed strong cytotoxicity for lung cancer cells compared to normal cells in vitro, and reduced the tumor growth in vivo. The minimum pharmacophore of PPS1D1 showed that the first (methionine) and fourth (N-lysine) residues were not important for PPS1D1 cytotoxic activity...
December 1, 2017: MedChemComm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518586/chromatographic-separation-of-similar-post-translationally-modified-metallothioneins-reveals-the-changing-conformations-of-apo-mt-upon-cysteine-alkylation-by-high-resolution-lc-esi-ms
#6
Gordon W Irvine, Martin J Stillman
Metallothioneins (MTs) are a class of small cysteine-rich proteins essential for Zn and Cu homeostasis, heavy metal detoxification, and cellular redox chemistry. Herein, we describe the separation and characterization of MTs differentially modified with N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). The full-length recombinant MT isoform 1a as well as is isolated domain fragments were first alkylated, then separated on column with subsequent detection by MS. Different behavior was observed for the three peptides with the full-length protein and the isolated α-domain exhibiting similar separation characteristics...
March 5, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496779/anti-diuretic-action-of-a-capa-neuropeptide-against-a-subset-of-diuretic-hormones-in-the-disease-vector-aedes-aegypti
#7
Farwa Sajadi, Carmela Curcuruto, Afra Al Dhaheri, Jean-Paul V Paluzzi
The mosquito, Aedes aegypti , is a vector responsible for transmitting various pathogens to humans, and their prominence as chief vectors of human disease is largely due to their anthropophilic blood feeding behaviour. Larval stage mosquitoes must deal with the potential dilution of their haemolymph in fresh water, whereas the haematophagus A. aegypti female faces the challenge of excess ion and water intake after a blood meal. The excretory system, comprised of the Malpighian tubules (MTs) and hindgut, is strictly controlled by neuroendocrine factors, responsible for the control of diuresis across all developmental stages...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158259/structural-analyses-of-key-features-in-the-kank1%C3%A2-kif21a-complex-yield-mechanistic-insights-into-the-cross-talk-between-microtubules-and-the-cell-cortex
#8
Zhuangfeng Weng, Yuan Shang, Deqiang Yao, Jinwei Zhu, Rongguang Zhang
The cross-talk between dynamic microtubules and the cell cortex plays important roles in cell division, polarity, and migration. A critical adaptor that links the plus ends of microtubules with the cell cortex is the KANK N-terminal motif and ankyrin repeat domains 1 (KANK1)/kinesin family member 21A (KIF21A) complex. Genetic defects in these two proteins are associated with various cancers and developmental diseases, such as congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles type 1. However, the molecular mechanism governing the KANK1/KIF21A interaction and the role of the conserved ankyrin (ANK) repeats in this interaction are still unclear...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114657/chemistry-of-mammalian-metallothioneins-and-their-interaction-with-amyloidogenic-peptides-and-proteins
#9
Elena Atrián-Blasco, Alice Santoro, Dean L Pountney, Gabriele Meloni, Christelle Hureau, Peter Faller
Cu and Zn ions are essential in most living beings. Their metabolism is critical for health and mis-metabolism can be lethal. In the last two decades, a large body of evidence has reported the role of copper, zinc and iron, and oxidative stress in several neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, prion diseases, etc. To what extent this mis-metabolism is causative or a consequence of these diseases is still a matter of research. In this context metallothioneins (MTs) appear to play a central gate-keeper role in controlling aberrant metal-protein interactions...
December 11, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043393/characterization-of-a-set-of-abdominal-neuroendocrine-cells-that-regulate-stress-physiology-using-colocalized-diuretic-peptides-in-drosophila
#10
Meet Zandawala, Richard Marley, Shireen A Davies, Dick R Nässel
Multiple neuropeptides are known to regulate water and ion balance in Drosophila melanogaster. Several of these peptides also have other functions in physiology and behavior. Examples are corticotropin-releasing factor-like diuretic hormone (diuretic hormone 44; DH44) and leucokinin (LK), both of which induce fluid secretion by Malpighian tubules (MTs), but also regulate stress responses, feeding, circadian activity and other behaviors. Here, we investigated the functional relations between the LK and DH44 signaling systems...
October 17, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929935/development-of-arginine-glycine-aspartate-immobilized-3d-printed-poly-propylene-fumarate-scaffolds-for-cartilage-tissue-engineering
#11
Chi Bum Ahn, Youngjo Kim, Sung Jean Park, Yongsung Hwang, Jin Woo Lee
Poly(propylene fumarate) (PPF) has known to be a good candidate material for cartilage tissue regeneration because of its excellent mechanical properties during its degradation processes. Here, we describe the potential application of PPF-based materials as 3D printing bioinks to create macroporous cell scaffolds using micro-stereolithography (MSTL). To improve cell-matrix interaction of seeded human chondrocytes within the PPF-based 3D scaffolds, we immobilized arginine-glycine-aspartate (RGD) peptide onto the PPF scaffolds...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927682/mgf-e-peptide-pretreatment-improves-the-proliferation-and-osteogenic-differentiation-of-bmscs-via-mek-erk1-2-and-pi3k-akt-pathway-under-severe-hypoxia
#12
Yongqiang Sha, Yonggang Lv, Zhiling Xu, Li Yang, Xiaoying Hao, Ruli Afandi
AIMS: Severe hypoxia always inhibits the cell proliferation, osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), and hinders bone defect repair. Herein we explored the effects of mechano-growth factor (MGF) E peptide on the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs under severe hypoxia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CoCl2 was utilized to simulate severe hypoxia. MTS was used to detect cell viability. Cell proliferation was verified through flow cytometry and EdU assay...
November 15, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899926/peptides-mediating-dna-transport-on-microtubules-and-their-impact-on-non-viral-gene-transfer-efficiency
#13
REVIEW
Patrick Midoux, Lucie Pigeon, Cristine Gonçalves, Chantal Pichon
Synthetic vectors such as cationic polymers and cationic lipids remain attractive tools for non-viral gene transfer which is a complex process whose effectiveness relies on the ability to deliver a plasmid DNA (pDNA) into the nucleus of non-dividing cells. Once in the cytosol, the transport of pDNAs towards the nuclear envelope is strongly impaired by their very low cytosolic mobility due to their large size. To promote their movement towards the cell nucleus, few strategies have been implemented to exploit dynein, the microtubule's (MT's) motor protein, for propagation of cytosolic pDNA along the MTs towards the cell nucleus...
October 31, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861789/neurotoxicity-of-prion-peptides-on-cultured-cerebellar-neurons
#14
Giuseppe D Ciccotosto, Metta Jana, Roberto Cappai
Prion neurotoxicity has been modeled in vitro using synthetic peptides derived from the PrP(C) sequence. The major region of neurotoxicity has been localized to the hydrophobic domain located in the middle of the PrP protein. Neurotoxicity assays are typically performed on cultured mouse cerebellar neurons derived from neonatal pups, and cell viability can be monitored by assays including MTT or MTS, cell death by LDH release, or apoptosis by caspase cleavage assays. These neurotoxicity studies have been useful in identifying cofactors, such as PrP(C) and metals, as modulators of PrP peptide-mediated neurotoxicity...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797801/dimeric-and-trimeric-homo-and-heteroleptic-hydroxamic-acid-macrocycles-formed-using-mixed-ligand-fe-iii-based-metal-templated-synthesis
#15
Athavan Sresutharsan, William Tieu, Tomas Richardson-Sanchez, Cho Zin Soe, Rachel Codd
Macrocyclic hydroxamic acids coordinate Fe(III) with high affinity as part of siderophore-mediated bacterial iron acquisition. Trimeric hydroxamic acid macrocycles, such as desferrioxamine E (DFOE), are prevalent in nature, with fewer dimeric macrocycles identified, including putrebactin (pbH2 ), avaroferrin (avH2 ), bisucaberin (bsH2 ) and alcaligin (alH2 ). This work used metal-templated synthesis (MTS) to pre-assemble complexes between one equivalent of Fe(III) and two equivalents of 4-((4-aminobutyl)(hydroxy)amino)-4-oxobutanoic acid (BBH) or 4-((5-aminopentyl)(hydroxy)amino)-4-oxobutanoic acid (PBH)...
December 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708281/cooperation-of-hif-and-ncam-mediated-mechanisms-in-cell-viability-of-hippocampal-cultures-after-oxygen-glucose-deprivation
#16
Iryna Lushnikova, Yelyzaveta Nikandrova, Galyna Skibo
Neurodegenerative diseases of different genesis are the result of cellular damages including those caused by oxygen and glucose deficit. Neuronal survival or death in brain pathologies depends on a variety of interrelated molecular mechanisms. A key role in modulation of neuron viability belongs to HIF (hypoxia-inducible factor) and NCAM (neural cell adhesion molecules) signaling pathways. In this work, we used organotypic and dissociated hippocampal cultures to analyze cell viability and HIF-1α immunopositive (HIF-1α(+) ) signal after 30 min oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) followed by 24 h of reoxygenation in the presence of FGL (synthetic NCAM-derived mimetic peptide)...
July 14, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550801/the-nk-1-receptor-antagonist-l-732-138-induces-apoptosis-in-human-gastrointestinal-cancer-cell-lines
#17
Miguel Muñoz, Marisa Rosso, Rafael Coveñas
BACKGROUND: Gastric and colon cancer cells express the neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1R) and the peptide substance P (SP), after binding to this receptor, elicits the proliferation of gastrointestinal cancer cells and an antiapoptotic effect. In these cells, NK-1R antagonists (L-733,060: a piperidine derivative; aprepitant: a morpholine derivative) block, after binding to the NK-1R, the action of SP and exert an antiproliferative action, both antagonists promote apoptosis and the death of cancer cells...
February 12, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393223/pyropia-yezoensis-peptide-pyp1%C3%A2-5-protects-against-dexamethasone%C3%A2-induced-muscle-atrophy-through-the-downregulation-of-atrogin1-mafbx-and-murf1-in-mouse-c2c12-myotubes
#18
Min-Kyeong Lee, Young-Min Kim, In-Hye Kim, Youn-Hee Choi, Taek-Jeong Nam
Skeletal muscle atrophy refers to the decline in muscle mass and strength that occurs under various conditions, including aging, starvation, cancer and other cachectic diseases. Muscle atrophy caused by aging, known as sarcopenia, primarily occurs after 50 years of age. Muscle atrophy‑related genes, including atrogin1/muscle atrophy F‑box (MAFbx) and muscle RING finger 1 (MuRF1), are expressed early in the muscle atrophy process, and their expression precedes the loss of muscle mass. The present study investigated the potential anti‑atrophic effects of the Pyropia yezoensis peptide PYP1‑5...
June 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245117/octadentate-zirconium-iv-loaded-macrocycles-with-varied-stoichiometry-assembled-from-hydroxamic-acid-monomers-using-metal-templated-synthesis
#19
William Tieu, Tulip Lifa, Andrew Katsifis, Rachel Codd
The reaction between Zr(IV) and the forward endo-hydroxamic acid monomer 4-[(5-aminopentyl)(hydroxy)amino]-4-oxobutanoic acid (for-PBH) in a 1:4 stoichiometry in the presence of diphenylphosphoryl azide and triethylamine gave the octadentate Zr(IV)-loaded tetrameric hydroxamic acid macrocycle for-[Zr(DFOT1 )] ([M + H]+ calc 887.3, obs 887.2). In this metal-templated synthesis (MTS) approach, the coordination preferences of Zr(IV) directed the preorganization of four oxygen-rich bidentate for-PBH ligands about the metal ion prior to ring closure under peptide coupling conditions...
March 20, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137574/quantitation-of-human-metallothionein-isoforms-in-cells-tissues-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-by-mass-spectrometry
#20
J B Shabb, W W Muhonen, A A Mehus
Metallothioneins (MTs) are a family of small, highly conserved, cysteine-rich metal-binding proteins that are important for zinc and copper homeostasis, protection against oxidative stress, and buffering against toxic heavy metals. Individual human MT isoforms are candidate biomarkers for heavy metal toxicity, and selected cancers and neurodegenerative diseases. The similar antigenicity of human MT-1 and MT-2 isoforms precludes development of antibody-based assays for their individual quantitation. Metal-based MT quantitation methods do not directly measure MT isoforms...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
keyword
keyword
42872
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"