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R9 peptide

Salma Teimoori, Watee Seesuay, Surasak Jittavisutthikul, Urai Chaisri, Nitat Sookrung, Jaslan Densumite, Nawannaporn Saelim, Monrat Chulanetra, Santi Maneewatch, Wanpen Chaicumpa
A direct acting anti-Ebola agent is needed. VP40, a conserved protein across Ebolavirus (EBOV) species has several pivotal roles in the virus life cycle. Inhibition of VP40 functions would lessen the virion integrity and interfere with the viral assembly, budding, and spread. In this study, cell penetrable human scFvs (HuscFvs) that bound to EBOV VP40 were produced by phage display technology. Gene sequences coding for VP40-bound-HuscFvs were subcloned from phagemids into protein expression plasmids downstream to a gene of cell penetrating peptide, i...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jennifer Y Xie, Lindsey A Chew, Xiaofang Yang, Yuying Wang, Chaoling Qu, Yue Wang, Lauren M Federici, Stephanie D Fitz, Matthew S Ripsch, Michael R Due, Aubin Moutal, May Khanna, Fletcher A White, Todd W Vanderah, Philip L Johnson, Frank Porreca, Rajesh Khanna
Uncoupling the protein-protein interaction between collapsin response mediator protein 2 (CRMP2) and N-type voltage-gated calcium channel (CaV2.2) with an allosteric CRMP2-derived peptide (CBD3) is antinociceptive in rodent models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain. We investigated the efficacy, duration of action, abuse potential, and neurobehavioral toxicity of an improved mutant CRMP2 peptide. A homopolyarginine (R9)-conjugated CBD3-A6K (R9-CBD3-A6K) peptide inhibited the CaV2.2-CRMP2 interaction in a concentration-dependent fashion and diminished surface expression of CaV2...
September 2016: Pain
Sabrina Sharmin, Md Zahidul Islam, Mohammad Abu Sayem Karal, Sayed Ul Alam Shibly, Hideo Dohra, Masahito Yamazaki
The cell-penetrating peptide R9, an oligoarginine comprising nine arginines, has been used to transport biological cargos into cells. However, the mechanisms underlying its translocation across membranes remain unclear. In this report, we investigated the entry of carboxyfluorescein (CF)-labeled R9 (CF-R9) into single giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) of various lipid compositions and the CF-R9-induced leakage of a fluorescent probe, Alexa Fluor 647 hydrazide (AF647), using a method developed recently by us...
August 2, 2016: Biochemistry
Ji Woong Lee, Ji-Ae Park, Yong Jin Lee, Un Chol Shin, Suhng Wook Kim, Byung Il Kim, Sang Moo Lim, Gwang Il An, Jung Young Kim, Kyo Chul Lee
Most studies of radiolabeled arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptides have shown in vitro affinity for integrin ανβ3, allowing for the targeting of receptor-positive tumors in vivo. However, major differences have been found in the pharmacokinetic profiles of different radiolabeled RGD peptide analogs. The purposes of this study were to prepare (64)Cu-DOTA-gluco-E[c(RGDfK)]2 (R8), (64)Cu-NOTA-gluco-E[c(RGDfK)]2 (R9), and (64)Cu-NODAGA-gluco-E[c(RGDfK)]2 (R10) and compare their pharmacokinetics and tumor imaging properties using small-animal positron emission tomography (PET)...
August 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Ken Saito, Hidekazu Iioka, Chie Kojima, Mikako Ogawa, Eisaku Kondo
p14(ARF) is one of the major tumor suppressors conventionally identified both as the mdm2-binding molecule restoring p53 function in the nucleus, and as a nucleophosmin-binding partner inside the nucleolous to stabilize ribosomal RNA. However, its recently reported mitochondrial localization has pointed to novel properties as a tumor suppressor. At the same time, functional peptides are gaining much attention in nanomedicine for their in vivo utility as non-invasive biologics. We previously reported the p14(ARF) -specific peptide that restored the sensitivity to gefitinib on the gefitinib-resistant lung cancer cells...
September 2016: Cancer Science
Diego Milani, Vince W Clark, Jane L Cross, Ryan S Anderton, Neville W Knuckey, Bruno P Meloni
BACKGROUND: We recently reported that poly-arginine peptides have neuroprotective properties both in vitro and in vivo. In cultured cortical neurons exposed to glutamic acid excitotoxicity, we demonstrated that neuroprotective potency increases with polymer length plateauing at R15 to R18 (R = arginine resides). In an in vivo study in rats, we also demonstrated that R9D (R9 peptide synthesised with D-isoform amino acids) administered intravenously at a dose of 1000 nmol/kg 30 min after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) reduces infarct volume...
2016: BMC Neuroscience
Nabil A Alhakamy, Prajnaparamita Dhar, Cory J Berkland
Noncovalent complexation of plasmid DNA (pDNA) with cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) forms relatively large complexes with poor gene expression. Yet, condensing these CPP-pDNA complexes via addition of calcium chloride produces small and stable nanoparticles with high levels of gene expression. This simple formulation offered high transfection efficiency and negligible cytotoxicity in HEK-293 (a virus-immortalized kidney cell) and A549 (a human lung cancer cell line). Small changes in CPP charge type, charge spacing, and hydrophobicity were studied by using five arginine-rich CPPs: the well-known hydrophilic polyarginine R9 peptide, a hydrophilic RH9 peptide, and three amphiphilic peptides (RA9, RL9, and RW9) with charge distributions that favor membrane penetration...
March 7, 2016: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Long Gu, Peiguo Chu, Robert Lingeman, Heather McDaniel, Steven Kechichian, Robert J Hickey, Zheng Liu, Yate-Ching Yuan, John A Sandoval, Gregg B Fields, Linda H Malkas
Dysregulated expression of MYC family genes is a hallmark of many malignancies. Unfortunately, these proteins are not amenable to blockade by small molecules or protein-based therapeutic agents. Therefore, we must find alternative approaches to target MYC-driven cancers. Amplification of MYCN, a MYC family member, predicts high-risk neuroblastoma (NB) disease. We have shown that R9-caPep blocks the interaction of PCNA with its binding partners and selectively kills human NB cells, especially those with MYCN amplification, and we now show the mechanism...
December 2015: EBioMedicine
Shi-Ying Li, Hong Cheng, Wen-Xiu Qiu, Li-Han Liu, Si Chen, Ying Hu, Bo-Ru Xie, Bin Li, Xian-Zheng Zhang
In this paper, we aimed to develop a conjugate of matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP-2)-sensitive activable cell-penetrating peptide (R9GPLGLAGE8, ACPP) with protoporphyrin (PpIX) for tumor-targeting photodynamic therapy. In normal tissue, the cell-penetrating function of polycationic CPP (R9) would be blocked by a polyanionic peptide (E8) through intramolecular electrostatic attraction. Once exposed to MMP-2 existing at the tumor site, proteolysis of the oligopeptide linker (GPLGLAG) between the CPP and the polyanionic peptide would dissociate the inhibitory polyanions and release CPP-PpIX for photodynamic therapy (PDT)...
December 30, 2015: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Eun Ju Jeong, Moonhwan Choi, Jangwook Lee, Taiyoun Rhim, Kuen Yong Lee
Although chitosan and its derivatives have been frequently utilized as delivery vehicles for small interfering RNA (siRNA), it is challenging to improve the gene silencing efficiency of chitosan-based nanoparticles. In this study, we hypothesized that controlling the spacer arm length between a cell-penetrating peptide (CPP) and a nanoparticle could be critical to enhancing the cellular uptake as well as the gene silencing efficiency of conventional chitosan/siRNA nanoparticles. A peptide consisting of nine arginine units (R9) was used as a CPP, and the spacer arm length was controlled by varying the number of glycine units between the peptide (R9Gn) and the nanoparticle (n = 0, 4, and 10)...
December 21, 2015: Nanoscale
Hiroko Yamashita, Makoto Oba, Takashi Misawa, Masakazu Tanaka, Takayuki Hattori, Mikihiko Naito, Masaaki Kurihara, Yosuke Demizu
Two types of cationic cyclic α,α-disubstituted α-amino acids: ApiC2NH2 (which possesses a lysine mimic side chain) and Api(C2Gu) (which possesses an arginine mimic side chain), were developed. These amino acids were incorporated into an arginine-based peptide sequence [(L-Arg-L-Arg-dAA)3: dAA=ApiC2NH2 or Api(C2Gu)], and the relationship between the secondary structures of the resulting peptides and their ability to pass through cell membranes was investigated. The peptide containing Api(C2Gu) formed a stable α-helical structure and was more effective at penetrating cells than the nonhelical Arg nonapeptide (R9)...
January 2016: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
Andriy Bilichak, Justin Luu, François Eudes
Microspores are specialized generative cells with haploid genome that demonstrate the amenability toward embryogenesis under certain conditions. The induced microspore culture technique is largely exploited by the breeding programs of wheat and other crops due to its high efficiency for generation of the large number of haploid plants in the relatively short period of time. The ability to produce mature double haploid plant from a single cell has also attracted attention of the plant biotechnologists in the past few years...
2015: Frontiers in Plant Science
Casey O'Connor, Kate L White, Nathalie Doncescu, Tatiana Didenko, Bryan L Roth, Georges Czaplicki, Raymond C Stevens, Kurt Wüthrich, Alain Milon
The structure of the dynorphin (1-13) peptide (dynorphin) bound to the human kappa opioid receptor (KOR) has been determined by liquid-state NMR spectroscopy. (1)H and (15)N chemical shift variations indicated that free and bound peptide is in fast exchange in solutions containing 1 mM dynorphin and 0.01 mM KOR. Radioligand binding indicated an intermediate-affinity interaction, with a Kd of ∼200 nM. Transferred nuclear Overhauser enhancement spectroscopy was used to determine the structure of bound dynorphin...
September 22, 2015: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Mohamed Abdel-Fattah, Ragia Charmy, Abdel-Rahman Tawfik
We have studied the immune reactivity of hypervariable region 1 (HVR1) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) against HCV immune positive and negative sera. Two published HVR1 consensus nucleotide sequences (Italian and Chinese) were synthesized, and with both of them, a splicing by overlap extension polymerase chain reaction, cloning and sequencing were performed. From the corresponding amino acid sequences, 3 Italian and 1 Chinese HVR1 peptides were selected for synthesis. The 4 peptides (MB1-MB4; GenBank No.: HQ846888-HQ846891) were used to screen 47 and 31 HCV (type 4) immune positive and negative sera, respectively, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
2015: Intervirology
Kamran Melikov, Ann Hara, Kwabena Yamoah, Elena Zaitseva, Eugene Zaitsev, Leonid V Chernomordik
Understanding the mechanism of entry of cationic peptides such as nona-arginine (R9) into cells remains an important challenge to their use as efficient drug-delivery vehicles. At nanomolar to low micromolar R9 concentrations and at physiological temperature, peptide entry involves endocytosis. In contrast, at a concentration ≥10 μM, R9 induces a very effective non-endocytic entry pathway specific for cationic peptides. We found that a similar entry pathway is induced at 1-2 μM concentrations of R9 if peptide application is accompanied by a rapid temperature drop to 15°C...
October 15, 2015: Biochemical Journal
ThingSoon Jong, Ana M Pérez-López, Emma M V Johansson, Annamaria Lilienkampf, Mark Bradley
Peptidomimetics, such as oligo-N-alkylglycines (peptoids), are attractive alternatives to traditional cationic cell-penetrating peptides (such as R9) due to their robust proteolytic stability and reduced cellular toxicity. Here, monomeric N-alkylglycines, incorporating amino-functionalized hexyl or triethylene glycol (TEG) side chains, were synthesized via a three-step continuous-flow reaction sequence, giving the monomers N-Fmoc-(6-Boc-aminohexyl)glycine and N-Fmoc-((2-(2-Boc-aminoethoxy)ethoxy)ethyl)glycine in 49% and 41% overall yields, respectively...
August 19, 2015: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Bruno P Meloni, Diego Milani, Adam B Edwards, Ryan S Anderton, Ryan L O'Hare Doig, Melinda Fitzgerald, T Norman Palmer, Neville W Knuckey
Several recent studies have demonstrated that TAT and other arginine-rich cell penetrating peptides (CPPs) have intrinsic neuroprotective properties in their own right. Examples, we have demonstrated that in addition to TAT, poly-arginine peptides (R8 to R18; containing 8-18 arginine residues) as well as some other arginine-rich peptides are neuroprotective in vitro (in neurons exposed to glutamic acid excitotoxicity and oxygen glucose deprivation) and in the case of R9 in vivo (after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in the rat)...
September 2015: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Makoto Oba, Yosuke Demizu, Hiroko Yamashita, Masaaki Kurihara, Masakazu Tanaka
Arginine (Arg)-rich peptides exhibit an effective cell-penetrating ability and deliver membrane-impermeable compounds into cells. In the present study, three types of Arg-rich peptides, R9 containing nine Arg residues, (RRG)3 containing six Arg and three glycine (Gly) residues, and (RRU)3 containing six Arg and three α-aminoisobutyric acid (Aib) residues, were evaluated for their plasmid DNA (pDNA) delivery and cell-penetrating abilities. The transfection efficiency of R9/pDNA complexes was much higher than those of (RRG)3 and (RRU)3/pDNA complexes, and was derived from the enhanced cellular uptake of R9/pDNA complexes...
August 1, 2015: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Jonghwan Lee, Sung Ung Moon, Yong Seung Lee, Bahy A Ali, Abdulaziz A Al-Khedhairy, Daoud Ali, Javed Ahmed, Abdullah M Al Salem, Soonhag Kim
Fluorescence monitoring of endogenous microRNA (miRNA or miR) activity related to neuronal development using nano-sized materials provides crucial information on miRNA expression patterns in a noninvasive manner. In this study, we report a new method to monitor intracellular miRNA124a using quantum dot-based molecular beacon (R9-QD-miR124a beacon). The R9-QD-miR124a beacon was constructed using QDs and two probes, miR124a-targeting oligomer and arginine rich cell-penetrating peptide (R9 peptide). The miR124a-targeting oligomer contains a miR124a binging sequence and a black hole quencher 1 (BHQ1)...
2015: Sensors
Soo Kyung Lyu, Hyockman Kwon
BACKGROUND: Protein transduction is safer than viral vector-mediated transduction for the delivery of a therapeutic protein into a cell. Fusion proteins with an arginine-rich cell-penetrating peptide have been produced in E. coli, but the low solubility of the fusion protein expressed in E. coli impedes the large-scale production of fusion proteins from E. coli. RESULTS: Expressed protein ligation is a semisynthetic method to ligate a bacterially expressed protein with a chemically synthesized peptide...
2015: BMC Biotechnology
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