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Childhood asthma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524707/asthma-specific-cognitions-self-focused-attention-and-fear-of-negative-evaluation-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-diagnosed-with-childhood-onset-asthma
#1
Ashley N Junghans-Rutelonis, Alayna P Tackett, Kristina I Suorsa, John M Chaney, Larry L Mullins
The present study examined the impact of asthma-specific thought intrusion (TI) and thought suppression (TS) on two cognitive-affective variables (self-focused attention and fear of negative evaluation) among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) diagnosed with childhood-onset asthma. Participants were 290 AYAs who completed assessment questionnaires and participated in a written exercise electronically. Asthma-TI and TS were reported by participants following participation in a writing assignment. Asthma-TI was associated with increased private, public, and social anxiety self-focused attention, and greater fear of negative evaluation...
May 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521318/breastfeeding-childhood-asthma-and-allergic-disease
#2
Wendy H Oddy
The worldwide prevalence of childhood asthma has been increasing considerably, and the protection afforded by breastfeeding in its development has been the subject of controversy for more than 80 years. Previous systematic reviews have generally found a protective effect of breastfeeding on allergic outcomes, although many studies have methodological limitations. Although breastfeeding is protective against lower respiratory tract infection during infancy, such protection has not been demonstrated for asthma in all studies...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514997/the-prevalence-of-food-allergy-and-other-allergic-diseases-in-early-childhood-in-a-population-based-study-healthnuts-age-4-year-follow-up
#3
Rachel L Peters, Jennifer J Koplin, Lyle C Gurrin, Shyamali C Dharmage, Melissa Wake, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Mimi L K Tang, Adrian J Lowe, Melanie Matheson, Terence Dwyer, Katrina J Allen
BACKGROUND: The HealthNuts study previously reported interim prevalence data showing the highest prevalence of challenge-confirmed food allergy in infants internationally. However, population-derived prevalence data on challenge-confirmed food allergy and other allergic diseases in preschool-aged children remain sparse. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to report the updated prevalence of food allergy at age 1 year from the whole cohort, and to report the prevalence of food allergy, asthma, eczema, and allergic rhinitis at age 4 years...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507765/asthma-epidemiology-of-disease-control-in-latin-america-short-review
#4
REVIEW
Dirceu Solé, Carolina Sanchez Aranda, Gustavo Falbo Wandalsen
Asthma is reported as one of the most common chronic diseases in childhood, impairing the quality of life of patients and their families and incurring high costs to the healthcare system and society. Despite the development of new drugs and the availability of international treatment guidelines, asthma is still poorly controlled, especially in Latin America. Original and review articles on asthma control or epidemiology with high levels of evidence have been selected for analysis among those published in PubMed referenced journals during the last 20 years, using the following keywords: "asthma control" combined with "Latin America", " epidemiology", "prevalence", "burden", "mortality", "treatment and unmet needs", "children", "adolescents", and "infants"...
2017: Asthma research and practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503545/relationship-of-allergy-with-asthma-there-are-more-than-the-allergy-eggs-in-the-asthma-basket
#5
REVIEW
George V Guibas, Alexander G Mathioudakis, Marina Tsoumani, Sophia Tsabouri
Asthma and allergy share a similar and very close course, especially through childhood. Considerable research effort has been put in untangling these associations; however, it is now becoming obvious that this is an exceedingly difficult task. In fact, each research breakthrough further perplexes this picture, as we are steadily moving toward the era of personalized medicine and we begin to appreciate that what we thought to be a single disease, asthma, is in fact an accumulation of distinct entities. In the context of this "syndrome," which is characterized by several, as of yet poorly defined endotypes and phenotypes, the question of the link of "asthma" with allergy probably becomes non-relevant...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502823/niaid-niehs-nhlbi-mcan-workshop-report-the-indoor-environment-and-childhood-asthma-implications-for-home-environmental-intervention-in-asthma-prevention-and-management
#6
Diane R Gold, Gary Adamkiewicz, Syed Hasan Arshad, Juan C Celedón, Martin D Chapman, Ginger L Chew, Donald N Cook, Adnan Custovic, Ulrike Gehring, James E Gern, Christine C Johnson, Suzanne Kennedy, Petros Koutrakis, Brian Leaderer, Herman Mitchell, Augusto A Litonjua, Geoffrey A Mueller, George T O'Connor, Dennis Ownby, Wanda Phipatanakul, Victoria Persky, Matthew S Perzanowski, Clare D Ramsey, Päivi M Salo, Julie M Schwaninger, Joanne E Sordillo, Avrum Spira, Shakira F Suglia, Alkis Togias, Darryl C Zeldin, Elizabeth C Matsui
Environmental exposures have been recognized as critical in the initiation and exacerbation of asthma, one of the most common chronic childhood diseases. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), and Merck Childhood Asthma Network (MCAN) sponsored a joint workshop to discuss the current state of the science with respect to the indoor environment and its effects on the development and morbidity of childhood asthma...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502261/profiles-of-executive-function-across-children-with-distinct-brain-disorders-traumatic-brain-injury-stroke-and-brain-tumor
#7
Gabriel C Araujo, Tanya N Antonini, Vicki Anderson, Kathryn A Vannatta, Christina G Salley, Erin D Bigler, H Gerry Taylor, Cynthia Gerhardt, Kenneth Rubin, Maureen Dennis, Warren Lo, Mark T Mackay, Anne Gordon, Christine Hajek Koterba, Alison Gomes, Mardee Greenham, Keith Owen Yeates
OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether children with distinct brain disorders show different profiles of strengths and weaknesses in executive functions, and differ from children without brain disorder. METHODS: Participants were children with traumatic brain injury (N=82; 8-13 years of age), arterial ischemic stroke (N=36; 6-16 years of age), and brain tumor (N=74; 9-18 years of age), each with a corresponding matched comparison group consisting of children with orthopedic injury (N=61), asthma (N=15), and classmates without medical illness (N=68), respectively...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500319/airway-microbial-diversity-is-inversely-associated-with-mite-sensitized-rhinitis-and-asthma-in-early-childhood
#8
Chih-Yung Chiu, Yi-Ling Chan, Yu-Shuen Tsai, Ssu-An Chen, Chia-Jung Wang, Kuan-Fu Chen, I-Fang Chung
Microbiota plays an important role in regulating immune responses associated with atopic diseases. We sought to evaluate relationships among airway microbiota, serum IgE levels, allergic sensitization and their relevance to rhinitis and asthma. Microbial characterization was performed using Illumina-based 16S rRNA gene sequencing of 87 throat swabs collected from children with asthma (n = 32) and rhinitis (n = 23), and from healthy controls (n = 32). Data analysis was performed using QIIME (Quantitative Insights Into Microbial Ecology) v1...
May 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500062/possible-protective-effect-of-prenatal-omega-3-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-supplementation-on-persistent-wheeze-and-asthma-in-early-childhood
#9
Karen Best, Maria Makrides
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495620/vitamin-c-to-decrease-the-effects-of-smoking-in-pregnancy-on-infant-lung-function-vcsip-rationale-design-and-methods-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-vitamin-c-supplementation-in-pregnancy-for-the-primary-prevention-of-effects-of-in-utero-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#10
Cindy T McEvoy, Kristin F Milner, Ashley J Scherman, Diane G Schilling, Christina J Tiller, Brittany Vuylsteke, Lyndsey E Shorey-Kendrick, Eliot R Spindel, Robert Schuff, Julie Mitchell, Dawn Peters, Jill Metz, David Haas, Keith Jackson, Robert S Tepper, Cynthia D Morris
Despite strong anti-smoking efforts, at least 12% of American women cannot quit smoking when pregnant resulting in >450,000 smoke-exposed infants born yearly. Smoking during pregnancy is the largest preventable cause of childhood respiratory illness including wheezing and asthma. Recent studies have shown a protective effect of vitamin C supplementation on the lung function of offspring exposed to in utero smoke in a non-human primate model and an initial human trial. Vitamin C to Decrease the Effects of Smoking in Pregnancy on Infant Lung Function (VCSIP) is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate pulmonary function at 3months of age in infants delivered to pregnant smokers randomized to 500mg/day of vitamin C versus placebo during pregnancy...
May 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491864/can-getting-enough-vitamin-d-during-pregnancy-reduce-the-risk-of-getting-asthma-in-childhood
#11
REVIEW
Evangelia Bountouvi, Konstantinos Douros, Anna Papadopoulou
The worldwide increase in asthma prevalence during the last decades and the re-emergence of vitamin D deficiency in many populations hinted toward an underlying association between these two conditions. Since asthma is presented with high incidence in childhood and neonatal vitamin D stores depend on maternal vitamin levels, a possible programming effect of maternal vitamin D status during gestation was suggested. Observational and longitudinal studies on this subject led to inconclusive results with glimmer of positivity...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491110/tai-chi-chuan-exercise-improves-pulmonary-function-and-decreases-exhaled-nitric-oxide-level-in-both-asthmatic-and-nonasthmatic-children-and-improves-quality-of-life-in-children-with-asthma
#12
Hsin-Chia Lin, Hao-Pai Lin, Hsin-Hui Yu, Li-Chieh Wang, Jyh-Hong Lee, Yu-Tsan Lin, Yao-Hsu Yang, Pei-Yi Li, Wei-Zen Sun, Bor-Luen Chiang
Tai-Chi-Chuan (TCC) is an exercise of low-to-moderate intensity which is suitable for asthmatic patients. The aim of our study is to investigate improvements of the lung function, airway inflammation, and quality of life of asthmatic children after TCC. Participants included sixty-one elementary school students and they were divided into asthmatic (n = 29) and nonasthmatic (n = 32) groups by the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. Among them, 20 asthmatic and 18 nonasthmatic children volunteered to participate in a 60-minute TCC exercise weekly for 12 weeks...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487842/dietary-primary-prevention-of-allergic-diseases-in-children-the-philippine-guidelines
#13
REVIEW
Marysia Stella T Recto, Maria Lourdes G Genuino, Mary Anne R Castor, Roxanne J Casis-Hao, Diana R Tamondong-Lachica, Maria Imelda V Sales, Marilou G Tan, Karen S Mondonedo, Regina C Dionisio-Capulong
Allergic diseases, such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, eczema, and food allergy, are preventable diseases. Primary prevention strategies of allergic diseases have been in scrutiny. Effective prevention strategies maybe started prenatally, postnatally, during infancy, and even during childhood. These guidelines have been prepared by the Philippine Society of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology and the Philippine Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. They aim to provide evidence-based recommendations for the dietary primary prevention of allergic diseases in children...
April 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487836/allergic-conjunctivitis-in-asia
#14
REVIEW
Bernard Yu-Hor Thong
Allergic conjunctivitis (AC), which may be acute or chronic, is associated with rhinitis in 30%-70% of affected individuals, hence the term allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (AR/C). Seasonal and perennial AC is generally milder than the more chronic and persistent atopic and vernal keratoconjunctivitis. Natural allergens like house dust mites (HDM), temperate and subtropical grass and tree pollen are important triggers that drive allergic inflammation in AC in the Asia-Pacific region. Climate change, environmental tobacco smoke, pollutants derived from fuel combustion, Asian dust storms originating from central/north Asia and phthalates may also exacerbate AR/C...
April 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486474/vitamin-d-levels-and-susceptibility-to-asthma-elevated-immunoglobulin-e-levels-and-atopic-dermatitis-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#15
Despoina Manousaki, Lavinia Paternoster, Marie Standl, Miriam F Moffatt, Martin Farrall, Emmanuelle Bouzigon, David P Strachan, Florence Demenais, Mark Lathrop, William O C M Cookson, J Brent Richards
BACKGROUND: Low circulating vitamin D levels have been associated with risk of asthma, atopic dermatitis, and elevated total immunoglobulin E (IgE). These epidemiological associations, if true, would have public health importance, since vitamin D insufficiency is common and correctable. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We aimed to test whether genetically lowered vitamin D levels were associated with risk of asthma, atopic dermatitis, or elevated serum IgE levels, using Mendelian randomization (MR) methodology to control bias owing to confounding and reverse causation...
May 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485290/wp%C3%A5-yw-wybranych-czynnik%C3%A3-w-%C3%A5-rodowiskowych-na-maksymalny-przep%C3%A5-yw-nosowy-wdechowy-cz%C3%A4-%C3%A5-%C3%A4-projektu-ecap-epidemiologia-chor%C3%A3-b-alergicznych-w-polsce
#16
Edyta Krzych-Fałta, Konrad Furmańczyk, Barbara Piekarska, Adam Sybilski, Bolesław Samoliński
Celem niniejszej pracy była próba określenia wpływu wybranych czynników/parametrów na wynik maksymalnego przepływu nosowego wdechowego (PNIF, ang. peak nasal inspiratory flow) w badanej populacji polskiej projektu Epidemiologia Chorób Alergicznych w Polsce (ECAP). Materiał/metody: Badaną populację stanowiła grupa dzieci w wieku 6-7 lat (n=1123), młodzieży w wieku 13-14 lat (n=1136) oraz dorosłych (n=1876) zamieszkałych w siedmiu dużych polskich miastach. W badaniu posłużono się pomiarem maksymalnego przepływu nosowego wdechowego (PNIF)...
February 28, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484688/what-are-the-effects-of-a-mediterranean-diet-on-allergies-and-asthma-in-children
#17
REVIEW
Jose A Castro-Rodriguez, Luis Garcia-Marcos
This review updates the relationship between the adherence to Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) assessed by questionnaire and asthma, allergic rhinitis, or atopic eczema in childhood. It deals with the effect of MedDiet in children on asthma/wheeze, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis/eczema, and also with the effect of MedDiet consumption by the mother during pregnancy on the inception of asthma/wheeze and allergic diseases in the offspring. Adherence to MedDiet by children themselves seems to have a protective effect on asthma/wheezing symptoms after adjustment for confounders, although the effect is doubtful on lung function and bronchial hyperresponsiveness...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483756/drowning-fatalities-in-childhood-the-role-of-pre-existing-medical-conditions
#18
Richard C Franklin, John H Pearn, Amy E Peden
OBJECTIVES: This study is an analysis of the contribution of pre-existing medical conditions to unintentional fatal child (0-14 years) drowning and a of critique prevention stratagems, with an exploration of issues of equity in recreation. DESIGN: This study is a total population, cross-sectional audit of all demographic, forensic and on-site situational details surrounding unintentional fatal drowning of children 0-14 years in Australia for the period of 1 July 2002 to 30 June 2012...
May 8, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482967/prevalence-of-asthma-and-allergies-in-13-14-year-old-adolescents-from-luanda-angola
#19
M Arrais, O Lulua, F Quifica, J Rosado-Pinto, J M R Gama, L Taborda-Barata
SETTING: The few epidemiological studies on asthma and allergic diseases performed in Africa have shown that the prevalence of these diseases is high or increasing. No such studies have been performed in Angola. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of asthma and other allergic diseases in Angolan adolescents. DESIGN: This was a descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study in the province of Luanda, Angola, using the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood study methodology in adolescents aged 13 and 14 years...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481134/the-role-of-oxidative-stress-in-the-clinical-manifestations-of-childhood-asthma
#20
Aleksandra Topic, Djordje Francuski, Aleksandra Nikolic, Katarina Milosevic, Snezana Jovicic, Bojan Markovic, Mirjana Djukic, Dragica Radojkovic
INTRODUCTION: The significance of oxidative stress in pathogenesis of childhood asthma was recognized, but its role in the clinical manifestations of disease is still unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 96 asthmatic children. The urinary biomarker of oxidative stress, 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG/creatinine) was determined by using HPLC-MS/MS. ELISA was performed to measure myeloperoxidase (MPO) and Cu,Zn- superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn-SOD) in serum...
May 8, 2017: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
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