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Numb protein

Manuel P Pereira, Sebastian Mühl, Esther M Pogatzki-Zahn, Konstantin Agelopoulos, Sonja Ständer
In recent years, measurement of the intraepidermal nerve fiber (IENF) density has gained relevance in the diagnostics of chronic pruritus. This method allows the objectification and quantification of a small-fiber neuropathy, which may manifest clinically with pruritus, pain or dysesthetic sensory symptoms, such as burning, stinging and tingling sensations or numbness. Upon suspicion of a small-fiber neuropathy as a cause for chronic pruritus, targeted diagnostic procedures are essential for the early detection of the neuroanatomical changes...
October 11, 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
Fei Han, Ding-Rong Zhong, Hong-Lin Hao, Wei-Ze Kong, Yi-Cheng Zhu, Hong-Zhi Guan, Li-Ying Cui
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic pachymeningitis (HP) is a chronic disease characterized by inflammatory hypertrophy and fibrosis of dura mater. It can be divided into cranial and spinal forms depending on the location of the lesion. HP involving 2 separate sites simultaneously is quite uncommon. CASE SUMMARY: This study presents a case of a 49-year-old woman with pathologically confirmed cranial and lumbosacral hypertrophic pachymeningitis associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), which is a rare etiology of HP...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yuri Nakamura, Kei-Ichiro Takase, Takuya Matsushita, Satoshi Yoshimura, Ryo Yamasaki, Hiroyuki Murai, Kazufumi Kikuchi, Jun-Ichi Kira
A 34-year-old man presented with an acute onset of upbeat nystagmus, slurred speech, and limb and truncal ataxias. The patient had a history of limb ataxia and gait disturbance previously treated as brainstem encephalitis with corticosteroids 3 years previously. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed pontine developmental venous anomaly (DVA) and hemorrhagic infarction within the drainage territory of the DVA. Three months later, the patient exhibited recurrent limb ataxia, double vision, and numbness of the left side of the body...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
José M García-Heredia, Eva M Verdugo Sivianes, Antonio Lucena-Cacace, Sonia Molina-Pinelo, Amancio Carnero
NumbL, or Numb-like, is a close homologue of Numb, and is part of an evolutionary conserved protein family implicated in some important cellular processes. Numb is a protein involved in cell development, in cell adhesion and migration, in asymmetric cell division, and in targeting proteins for endocytosis and ubiquitination. NumbL exhibits some overlapping functions with Numb, but its role in tumorigenesis is not fully known. Here we showed that the downregulation of NumbL alone is sufficient to increase NICD nuclear translocation and induce Notch pathway activation...
August 23, 2016: Oncotarget
Marta Grabiec, Hana Hříbková, Miroslav Vařecha, Dana Střítecká, Aleš Hampl, Petr Dvořák, Yuh-Man Sun
This study elucidated the stage-specific roles of FGF2 signaling during neural development using in-vitro human embryonic stem cell-based developmental modeling. We found that the dysregulation of FGF2 signaling prior to the onset of neural induction resulted in the malformation of neural rosettes (a neural tube-like structure), despite cells having undergone neural induction. The aberrant neural rosette formation may be attributed to the misplacement of ZO-1, which is a polarized tight junction protein and shown co-localized with FGF2/FGFR1 in the apical region of neural rosettes, subsequently led to abnormal neurogenesis...
August 27, 2016: Stem Cell Research
Kazuhiro Itaya, Manabu Inoue, Natsuko Iizuka, Yuki Shimizu, Nobuhiro Yuki, Hiroo Ichikawa
A 17-year-old male with no medical history noticed weakness of his limbs with imbalance and subsequent finger tremors. Physical examination revealed features of polyneuropathy, including diffuse weakness, distal symmetrical numbness with impaired deep sensation and areflexia in all limbs. Postural tremor was present in fingers. Ataxia was apparent in both lower limbs, causing a wide-based gait with a positive Romberg sign. Cerebrospinal fluid contained elevated total protein without pleocytosis. A nerve conduction study disclosed demyelinating features with prolonged terminal latencies, slow velocities with delayed F-wave latencies, and prominent temporal dispersion...
September 29, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Serap Ural, Behiye Özer, Fazıl Gelal, Derya Dirim Erdoğan, Nurbanu Sezak, Recep Balık, Tuna Demirdal, Metin Korkmaz
Toxocariasis caused by Toxocara canis or less frequently by T.catis is a common parasitic infection worldwide. Clinical spectrum in humans can vary from asymptomatic infection to serious organ disfunction depending on the load of parasite, migration target of the larva and the inflammatory response of the host. Transverse myelitis (TM) due to toxocariasis is an uncommon illness identified mainly as case reports in literature. In this report, a case of TM who was diagnosed as neurotoxocariasis by serological findings has been presented...
July 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Koichi Nakao, Michito Namekawa, Soichi Kondo, Sayaka Ono, Imaharu Nakano
A 73-year-old woman who had hypertension developed a slight fever and general malaise with laboratory-proven hepatic dysfunction as well as frequent syncopal attacks 3 months before admission to our hospital. One month later, she developed urinary retention and distal limb numbness. Upon admission, her neurological examination showed reduced limb tendon reflexes, glove and stocking-type numbness, and diminished senses of touch, temperature, pain, and distal leg vibration and position. Serum cytomegalovirus (CMV) IgM antibody and CMV IgG antibody were elevated on admission, and both decreased thereafter, confirming CMV infection...
August 31, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Shi-Gang Song, Hong-Yang Yu, Yan-Wei Ma, Feng Zhang, Xiang-Ying Xu
The objective of the study is to investigate the effects of the Numb/Notch signal pathway on the radiosensitivity of lung cancer cell line H358. MTT assay and colony forming assay were used to detect the effects of different doses of X-rays and MW167 on the in vitro proliferation of the lung cancer cell line H358. Flow cytometry was applied to evaluate the effects of X rays on the apoptosis of H358. Scratch assay and Transwell invasion assay were used to examine the effects of X-rays on the migration and invasion abilities of H358...
July 30, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Seth A Johnson, Diana Zitserman, Fabrice Roegiers
The Notch signaling pathway plays essential roles in both animal development and human disease. Regulation of Notch receptor levels in membrane compartments has been shown to affect signaling in a variety of contexts. Here we used steady-state and pulse-labeling techniques to follow Notch receptors in sensory organ precursor cells in Drosophila. We find that the endosomal adaptor protein Numb regulates levels of Notch receptor trafficking to Rab7-labeled late endosomes but not early endosomes. Using an assay we developed that labels different pools of Notch receptors as they move through the endocytic system, we show that Numb specifically suppresses a recycled Notch receptor subpopulation and that excess Notch signaling in numb mutants requires the recycling endosome GTPase Rab11 activity...
September 15, 2016: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Henry Tran, Nick Shillingford, Stefanie Thomas, Jeffrey Hammoudeh, Shengmei Zhou
Primary epithelioid sarcoma of bone is extremely rare with only two reported cases in the English literature. A previously healthy 18-year-old male presented with a six-month history of right facial numbness and tingling and right eye diplopia. CT scan revealed an ill-defined mass with dense osseous matrix centered in the right zygomatic bone. An outside biopsy was read as osteosarcoma. The resection specimen revealed large epithelioid and spindle cells embedded in a prominent hyalinized matrix with focal metaplastic bone formation...
July 21, 2016: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
D Gunasekaran, J Sridhar, V Suryanarayanan, N C Manimaran, Sanjeev Kumar Singh
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are neuromuscular proteins responsible for muscle contraction upon binding with chemical stimulant acetylcholine (ACh). The α-neurotoxins of snake mimic the structure of ACh and attacks nAChRs, which block the flow of ACh and leads to numbness and paralysis. The toxin-binding site of alpha subunit in the nAChRs is highly conserved throughout chordate lineages with few exceptions in resistance organisms. In this study, we have analyzed the sequence and structures of toxin-binding/resistant nAChRs and their interaction stability with toxins through molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation (MDS)...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Jin-Feng Su, Jian Wei, Pei-Shan Li, Hong-Hua Miao, Yong-Chao Ma, Yu-Xiu Qu, Jie Xu, Jie Qin, Bo-Liang Li, Bao-Liang Song, Zheng-Ping Xu, Jie Luo
Excitatory amino acid transporter type 3 (EAAT3, also known as SLC1A1) is a high-affinity, Na(+)-dependent glutamate carrier that localizes primarily within the cell and at the apical plasma membrane. Although previous studies have reported proteins and sequence regions involved in EAAT3 trafficking, the detailed molecular mechanism by which EAAT3 is distributed to the correct location still remains elusive. Here, we identify that the YVNGGF sequence in the C-terminus of EAAT3 is responsible for its intracellular localization and apical sorting in rat hepatoma cells CRL1601 and Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, respectively...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
Nurcan Tuncbag, Pamela Milani, Jenny L Pokorny, Hannah Johnson, Terence T Sio, Simona Dalin, Dennis O Iyekegbe, Forest M White, Jann N Sarkaria, Ernest Fraenkel
Glioblastoma is the most aggressive type of malignant human brain tumor. Molecular profiling experiments have revealed that these tumors are extremely heterogeneous. This heterogeneity is one of the principal challenges for developing targeted therapies. We hypothesize that despite the diverse molecular profiles, it might still be possible to identify common signaling changes that could be targeted in some or all tumors. Using a network modeling approach, we reconstruct the altered signaling pathways from tumor-specific phosphoproteomic data and known protein-protein interactions...
2016: Scientific Reports
Thanaphum Osathanon, Nunthawan Nowwarote, Prasit Pavasant
Notch signaling dysregulation plays an important role in altering cancer cell behaviors; however, its role in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) remains controversial. This study aimed to investigate the role of Notch signaling related genes in human OSCC using a meta-analysis of Gene Expression Omnibus database (GEO-publicly available gene expression microarray data) and to examine the role of Notch signaling in OSCC behaviors. The meta-analysis included 13 GEO datasets and was performed by combining effect sizes in a random effect model...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
Juan Gao, Yan Li, Yafei Sun, Weihua Hu, Yuanyuan Liu, Di An, Yuhong Yin
In this study, we explore the sleep disorders and its associated factors in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), so as to work out appropriate interventions to promote early recovery of the patients. This study subjects included 49 patients with GBS who had been admitted to the Department of Neurology at The Affiliated Hospital of Hebei University, fulfilling National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Diseases and Stroke (NINCDS) criteria for GBS; 37 cases were male and 12 female (age: 27-68 years)...
October 2016: International Journal of Neuroscience
S K Saha, H Y Choi, B W Kim, A A Dayem, G-M Yang, K S Kim, Y F Yin, S-G Cho
Studies have reported that interactions between keratins (KRTs) and other proteins initiate signaling cascades that regulate cell migration, invasion, and metastasis. In the current study, we found that expression of KRT19 was specifically high in breast cancers and significantly correlated with their invasiveness. Moreover, knockdown of KRT19 led to increased proliferation, migration, invasion, drug resistance, and sphere formation in breast cancer cells via an upregulated NOTCH signaling pathway. This was owing to reduced expression of NUMB, an inhibitory protein of the NOTCH signaling pathway...
June 27, 2016: Oncogene
Anatoly Uzdensky, Svetlana Demyanenko, Grigory Fedorenko, Tayana Lapteva, Alexej Fedorenko
After ischemic stroke, cell damage propagates from infarct core to surrounding tissues (penumbra). To reveal proteins involved in neurodegeneration and neuroprotection in penumbra, we studied protein expression changes in 2-mm ring around the core of photothrombotic infarct induced in the rat brain cortex by local laser irradiation after administration of Bengal Rose. The ultrastructural study showed edema and degeneration of neurons, glia, and capillaries. Morphological changes gradually decreased across the penumbra...
June 21, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Guo-Ping Shan, Peng Zhang, Pu Li, Feng-Lei Du, Yi-Wei Yang
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of Numb gene expression on radiation sensitivity of nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) stem cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The side population (SP) cells A549-SP were transfected with pcDNA3.1 (pcDNA3.1 group), pcDNA-Numb (pcDNA-Numb group) and shRNA-Numb (shRNA-Numb group). Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot were performed to determine Numb expression; MTT method was used to measure the proliferation activity change of the NSCLC stem cells both before and after irradiation with different doses of 60Coγ ray; Hoechst staining and Annexin V-FITC/PI were used to detect the apoptosis of the NSCLC stem cells; and colony-forming assay was used to determine the effect of Numb expression on radiation sensitivity of the NSCLC stem cells...
June 2016: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Aldona A Karaczyn, Tamara L Adams, Robert Y S Cheng, Nicholas N Matluk, Joseph M Verdi
Mammalian NUMB is alternatively spliced generating four isoforms NUMB1-NUMB4 that can function as tumor suppressors. NUMB1-NUMB4 proteins, which normally determine how different cell types develop, are reduced in 21% of primary breast tumors. Our previous work has, however, indicated that two novel NUMB isoforms, NUMB5 and NUMB6 have the pro-oncogenic functions. Herein, we address a novel function of human NUMB isoform 6 (NUMB6) in promoting cancer cell migration and invasion. We found that NUMB6 induced expression of embryonic transcription factor Slug, which in turn actively repressed E-cadherin, prompting cells to undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
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