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Sin-Guang Chen, Mei-Ling Cheng, Kuan-Hsing Chen, Jim-Tong Horng, Ching-Chuan Liu, Shih-Min Wang, Hiroaki Sakurai, Yann-Lii Leu, Shulhn-Der Wang, Hung-Yao Ho
No effective drug is currently available for treatment of enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection. Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq. (ST) has been used as a herbal constituent of traditional Chinese medicine. We studied whether the aqueous extract of Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq (STE) has antiviral activity. STE inhibited replication of EV71, as evident by its ability to diminish plaque formation and cytopathic effect induced by EV71, and to inhibit the synthesis of viral RNA and protein. Moreover, daily single-dose STE treatment significantly improved the survival of EV71-infected mice, and ameliorated the symptoms...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
Kem A Sochacki, Andrea M Dickey, Marie-Paule Strub, Justin W Taraska
Dozens of proteins capture, polymerize and reshape the clathrin lattice during clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME). How or if this ensemble of proteins is organized in relation to the clathrin coat is unknown. Here, we map key molecules involved in CME at the nanoscale using correlative super-resolution light and transmission electron microscopy. We localize 19 different endocytic proteins (amphiphysin1, AP2, β2-arrestin, CALM, clathrin, DAB2, dynamin2, EPS15, epsin1, epsin2, FCHO2, HIP1R, intersectin, NECAP, SNX9, stonin2, syndapin2, transferrin receptor, VAMP2) on thousands of individual clathrin structures, generating a comprehensive molecular architecture of endocytosis with nanoscale precision...
April 2017: Nature Cell Biology
Lynne A Lapierre, Elizabeth H Manning, Kenya M Mitchell, Cathy M Caldwell, James R Goldenring
MARK2 regulates the establishment of polarity in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells in part through phosphorylation of serine 227 of Rab11-FIP2. We identified Eps15 as an interacting partner of phospho-S227-Rab11-FIP2 (pS227-FIP2). During recovery from low calcium, Eps15 localized to the lateral membrane before pS227-FIP2 arrival. Later in recovery, Eps15 and pS227-FIP2 colocalized at the lateral membrane. In MDCK cells expressing the pseudophosphorylated FIP2 mutant FIP2(S227E), during recovery from low calcium, Eps15 was trapped and never localized to the lateral membrane...
April 15, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Arthur Alves Melo, Balachandra G Hegde, Claudio Shah, Elin Larsson, J Mario Isas, Séverine Kunz, Richard Lundmark, Ralf Langen, Oliver Daumke
Eps15 (epidermal growth factor receptor pathway substrate 15)-homology domain containing proteins (EHDs) comprise a family of dynamin-related mechano-chemical ATPases involved in cellular membrane trafficking. Previous studies have revealed the structure of the EHD2 dimer, but the molecular mechanisms of membrane recruitment and assembly have remained obscure. Here, we determined the crystal structure of an amino-terminally truncated EHD4 dimer. Compared with the EHD2 structure, the helical domains are 50° rotated relative to the GTPase domain...
February 22, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Dandan Tong, Ya-Nan Liang, A A Stepanova, Yu Liu, Xiaobo Li, Letian Wang, Fengmin Zhang, N V Vasilyeva
Recent research indicates that the C-terminal Eps15 homology domain 1 is associated with epithelial growth factor receptor-mediated endocytosis recycling in non-small-cell lung cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical significance of Eps15 homology domain 1 gene expression in relation to phosphorylation of epithelial growth factor receptor expression in patients with breast cancer. Primary breast cancer samples from 306 patients were analyzed for Eps15 homology domain 1, RAB11FIP3, and phosphorylation of epithelial growth factor receptor expression via immunohistochemistry...
February 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Yin Lu, Jianshe Wang, Xuejiang Guo, Shengmin Yan, Jiayin Dai
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is an abundant perfluoroalkyl substance widely applied in industrial and consumer products. Among its potential health hazards, testicular toxicity is of major concern. To explore the potential effect of miRNA on post-translational regulation after PFOA exposure, changes in miRNAs were detected via miRNA array. Seventeen miRNAs were differentially expressed (eight upregulated, nine downregulated) in male mouse testes after exposure to 5mg/kg/d of PFOA for 28d (>1.5-fold and P<0...
March 1, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Zimple Kurlawala, Parag P Shah, Charmi Shah, Levi J Beverly
There are five Ubiquilin proteins (UBQLN1-4, UBQLN-L), which are evolutionarily conserved and structurally similar. UBQLN proteins have three functional domains: N-terminal ubiquitin-like domain (UBL), C-terminal ubiquitin-associated domain (UBA), and STI chaperone-like regions in the middle. Alterations in UBQLN1 gene have been detected in a variety of disorders ranging from Alzheimer's disease to cancer. UBQLN1 has been largely studied in neurodegenerative disorders in the context of protein quality control...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Orly Dorot, Hermann Steller, Daniel Segal, Mia Horowitz
Endocytosis is a multi-step process involving a large number of proteins, both general factors, such as clathrin and adaptor protein complexes, and unique proteins, which modulate specialized endocytic processes, like the EHD proteins. EHDs are a family of Eps15 Homology Domain containing proteins that consists of four mammalian homologs, one C. elegans, one Drosophila melanogaster and two plants orthologs. These membrane-associated proteins are involved in different steps of endocytic trafficking pathways...
2017: PloS One
Rebecca Lu, David G Drubin
During clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME), endocytic-site maturation can be divided into two stages corresponding to the arrival of the early and late proteins at the plasma membrane. The early proteins are required to capture cargo and position the late machinery, which includes proteins involved in actin assembly and membrane scission. However, the mechanism by which early-arriving proteins select and stabilize endocytic sites is not known. Ede1, one of the earliest proteins recruited to endocytic sites, facilitates site initiation and stabilization...
March 1, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Mohamed Amessou, Abdul Shukkur Ebrahim, Ashok Dilly, Melvin Joseph, Marina Tabolina, Sahiti Chukkapalli, Louay Meroueh, Joseph T Syed, Allison Liddane, Siera Lanae Lang, Ayad Al-Katib, Mustapha Kandouz
The epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor EGFR is a major receptor tyrosine kinase whose role in gliomagenesis is well established. We have recently identified EHD3 [Eps15 homology (EH) domain-containing protein 3], an endocytic trafficking regulatory protein, as a putative brain tumor suppressor. Here, we investigate the underlying mechanisms, by establishing a novel mechanistic and functional connection between EHD3 and the EGFR signaling pathway. We show that, in response to stimulation with the EGF ligand, EHD3 accelerates the rate of EGFR degradation by dramatically increasing its ubiquitination...
November 29, 2016: Oncotarget
Xenia Snetkov, Ina Weisswange, Julia Pfanzelter, Ashley C Humphries, Michael Way
During its egress, vaccinia virus transiently recruits AP-2 and clathrin after fusion with the plasma membrane. This recruitment polarizes the viral protein A36 beneath the virus, enhancing actin polymerization and the spread of infection. We now demonstrate that three NPF motifs in the C-terminus of A36 recruit AP-2 and clathrin by interacting directly with the Epsin15 homology domains of Eps15 and intersectin-1. A36 is the first identified viral NPF motif containing protein shown to interact with endocytic machinery...
2016: Nature Microbiology
Timothy R Siegert, Michael J Bird, Kamlesh M Makwana, Joshua A Kritzer
Effective strategies for mimicking α-helix and β-strand epitopes have been developed, producing valuable inhibitors for some classes of protein-protein interactions (PPIs). However, there are no general strategies for translating loop epitopes into useful PPI inhibitors. In this work, we use the LoopFinder program to identify diverse sets of "hot loops," which are loop epitopes that mediate PPIs. These include loops that are well-suited to mimicry with macrocyclic compounds, and loops that are most similar to variable loops on antibodies and ankyrin repeat proteins...
October 5, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Jae Won Kyung, Jae Ryul Bae, Dae-Hwan Kim, Woo Keun Song, Sung Hyun Kim
Synaptic vesicle retrieval is an essential process for continuous maintenance of neural information flow after synaptic transmission. Epsin1, originally identified as an EPS15-interacting protein, is a major component of clathrin-mediated endocytosis. However, the role of Epsin1 in synaptic vesicle endocytosis at CNS synapses remains elusive. Here, we showed significantly altered synaptic vesicle endocytosis in neurons transfected with shRNA targeting Epsin1 during/after neural activity. Endocytosis was effectively restored by introducing shRNA-insensitive Epsin1 into Epsin1-depleted neurons...
2016: Scientific Reports
Qingwei Meng, Ying Xing, Tingting Ren, Hailing Lu, Yuhui Xi, Zhijun Jiang, Jing Hu, Chunhong Li, Lichun Sun, Dianjun Sun, Li Cai
The identification of the earliest molecular events responsible for the metastatic dissemination of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains critical for early detection, prevention, and treatment interventions. In this study, we hypothesized that Mammalian Eps15 homology domain 1 (EHD1) might be responsible for the metastatic behavior of cells in NSCLC. We demonstrated that upregulation of EHD1 is associated with lymph nodes metastasis and unfavorable survival in patients with NSCLC. EHD1 knockdown inhibited the invasion and migration of human NSCLC cells, and overexpression of EHD1 increased the metastatic potential of lung cancer cells...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
George R Pope, Sharada Tilve, Craig A McArdle, Stephen J Lolait, Anne-Marie O'Carroll
Apelin acts via the G protein-coupled apelin receptor (APJ) to mediate effects on cardiovascular and fluid homeostasis. G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) trafficking has an important role in the regulation of receptor signalling pathways and cellular functions, however in the case of APJ the mechanisms and proteins involved in apelin-induced trafficking are not well understood. We generated a stable HEK-293 cell line expressing N-terminus HA-tagged mouse (m) APJ, and used a semi-automated imaging protocol to quantitate APJ trafficking and ERK1/2 activation following stimulation with [Pyr(1)]apelin-13...
December 5, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Bao-Jun Shi, Chun-Chun Liu, Jing Zhou, Shi-Qi Wang, Zhi-Can Gao, Xiao-Min Zhang, Bin Zhou, Pu-Yan Chen
UNLABELLED: Classical swine fever virus (CSFV), a member of the genus Pestivirus within the family Flaviviridae, is a small, enveloped, positive-strand RNA virus. Due to its economic importance to the pig industry, the biology and pathogenesis of CSFV have been investigated extensively. However, the mechanisms of CSFV entry into cells are not well characterized. In this study, we used systematic approaches to dissect CSFV cell entry. We first observed that CSFV infection was inhibited by chloroquine and NH4Cl, suggesting that viral entry required a low-pH environment...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Virology
Jing Gao, Qingwei Meng, Yanbin Zhao, Xuesong Chen, Li Cai
BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most aggressive types of cancer. However, resistance to cisplatin (CDDP) remains a major challenge in NSCLC treatment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of EHD1 [Eps15 homology (EH) domain - containing protein 1] to confer CDDP resistance in NSCLC cells and to investigate mechanisms of this resistance. METHODS: The associations between EHD1 expression in NSCLC specimens and clinicopathological features, including prognosis, were assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
2016: BMC Cancer
Nilda V Ayala-Nunez, Tabitha E Hoornweg, Denise P I van de Pol, Klaas A Sjollema, Jacky Flipse, Hilde M van der Schaar, Jolanda M Smit
Antibody-dependent enhancement of dengue virus (DENV) infection plays an important role in the exacerbation of DENV-induced disease. To understand how antibodies influence the fate of DENV particles, we explored the cell entry pathway of DENV in the absence and presence of antibodies in macrophage-like P388D1 cells. Recent studies unraveled that both mature and immature DENV particles contribute to ADE, hence, both particles were studied. We observed that antibody-opsonized DENV enters P388D1 cells through a different pathway than non-opsonized DENV...
2016: Scientific Reports
Lei Wang, Adam Johnson, Michael Hanna, Anjon Audhya
Clathrin coat assembly on membranes requires cytosolic adaptors and accessory proteins, which bridge triskeleons with the lipid bilayer and stabilize lattice architecture throughout the process of vesicle formation. In Caenorhabditis elegans, the prototypical AP-2 adaptor complex, which is activated by the accessory factor Fcho1 at the plasma membrane, is dispensable during embryogenesis, enabling us to define alternative mechanisms that facilitate clathrin-mediated endocytosis. Here we uncover a synthetic genetic interaction between C...
September 1, 2016: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Li Ma, Perunthottathu K Umasankar, Antoni G Wrobel, Anastasia Lymar, Airlie J McCoy, Sachin S Holkar, Anupma Jha, Tirthadipa Pradhan-Sundd, Simon C Watkins, David J Owen, Linton M Traub
Clathrin-coated vesicles form by rapid assembly of discrete coat constituents into a cargo-sorting lattice. How the sequential phases of coat construction are choreographed is unclear, but transient protein-protein interactions mediated by short interaction motifs are pivotal. We show that arrayed Asp-Pro-Phe (DPF) motifs within the early-arriving endocytic pioneers Eps15/R are differentially decoded by other endocytic pioneers Fcho1/2 and AP-2. The structure of an Eps15/R⋅Fcho1 μ-homology domain complex reveals a spacing-dependent DPF triad, bound in a mechanistically distinct way from the mode of single DPF binding to AP-2...
June 6, 2016: Developmental Cell
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