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Advanced lung cancer inflammation index

Dong Guo, Jinbao Zhang, Wang Jing, Jiafeng Liu, Hui Zhu, Lei Fu, Minghuan Li, Li Kong, Jinbo Yue, Jinming Yu
AIM: We aimed to investigate the association between systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) and the clinical outcomes in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. MATERIALS & METHODS: The SII was calculated as platelet (P) × neutrophil (N)/lymphocyte (L), and the data were obtained within 1 week before treatment. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazard models were used to assess the prognostic value of SII. RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier analyses revealed that the higher SII group was associated with poorer progression-free survival (p < 0...
May 11, 2018: Future Oncology
B L Hu, L H Chen, J Q Xu, Z Z Wang, Y W Yu, Y X Han, J Huang, W Y Shen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 14, 2018: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Berna Akinci Ozyurek, Tugce Sahin Ozdemirel, Sertac Buyukyaylaci Ozden, Yurdanur Erdoğan, Ozlem Ozmen, Bekir Kaplan, Tugba Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed and death-related cancer type and is more frequent in males. Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for about 85% of all case. In this study, it was aimed to research the relationship between advanced lung inflammation index (ALI) and the primary mass maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and C-reactive protein (CRP) at initial diagnosis and the prognostic value of ALI in determining the survival in metastatic NSCLC. METHODS: A total of 112 patients diagnosed as stage 4 non-small-lung cancer in our hospital between January 2006 and December 2013 were included in this study...
January 22, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Masaki Tomita, Takanori Ayabe, Ryo Maeda, Kunihide Nakamura
Background: Previous study of ours showed that advanced lung cancer inflammation index (ALI) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are independent significant prognostic factors in operable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Since both ALI and CRP are markers of inflammation, the aim of this study was to examine whether the combination of ALI and CRP is a prognostic indicator of resected NSCLC or not. Methods: Three hundred forty-one NSCLC patients who underwent surgery at our institution between 2008 and 2012 were included...
December 2017: World Journal of Oncology
Takamasa Mitsuyoshi, Yukinori Matsuo, Hitoshi Itou, Takashi Shintani, Yusuke Iizuka, Young Hak Kim, Takashi Mizowaki
Systemic inflammation and poor nutritional status have a negative effect on the outcomes of cancer. Here, we analyzed the effects of the pretreatment inflammatory and nutritional status on clinical outcomes of locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with chemoradiotherapy. We retrospectively reviewed 89 patients with locally advanced NSCLC treated with chemoradiotherapy between July 2006 and June 2013. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) was assessed as an inflammatory marker, and serum albumin, body mass index (BMI) and skeletal mass index were assessed as nutritional status markers...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
Takayuki Shiroyama, Hidekazu Suzuki, Motohiro Tamiya, Akihiro Tamiya, Ayako Tanaka, Norio Okamoto, Kenji Nakahama, Yoshihiko Taniguchi, Shun-Ichi Isa, Takako Inoue, Fumio Imamura, Shinji Atagi, Tomonori Hirashima
Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression status is inadequate for indicating nivolumab in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Because the baseline advanced lung cancer inflammation index (ALI) is reportedly associated with patient outcomes, we investigated whether the pretreatment ALI is prognostic in NSCLC patients treated with nivolumab. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all patients treated with nivolumab for advanced NSCLC between December 2015 and May 2016 at three Japanese institutes...
January 2018: Cancer Medicine
Yu-Suo Tong, Juan Tan, Xi-Lei Zhou, Ya-Qi Song, Ying-Jian Song
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that the existence of systemic inflammation response is correlated with poor prognosis in several solid tumors. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the association between systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) and therapy response and overall survival in patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The prognostic values of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) were also evaluated...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
Masaki Tomita, Takanori Ayabe, Kunihide Nakamura
OBJECTIVES: The usefulness of a recently developed advanced lung cancer inflammation index (ALI) has been reported in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small-cell lung cancer. However, no previous studies have examined the prognostic significance of ALI in patients with operable NSCLC. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the relationship between ALI and the prognosis of resected NSCLC. METHODS: Three hundred and forty-three patients with NSCLC who underwent surgery at our institution between 2008 and 2012 were included...
February 1, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Y X Wang, F Fang, Y F Guo, Y M Li, T Y Sun, M Zhang, J Chen, B M Fang
Objective: To study the etiological, clinical, radiological, diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic manifestations of exogenous lipoid pneumonia (ELP), and therefore to improve the diagnosis and treatment of this disease. Methods: The clinical data of 12 cases of ELP confirmed by pathology were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The patients consisted of 9 males and 3 females, with an average age of 73.8 years (range, 44 to 100 years). The underlying diseases were variable, including diseases affecting the general condition (multiple organ failure, chronic heart and renal insufficiency, pemphigoid, etc) and conditions with increased risk of aspiration (sequelae of cerebrovascular disease, Alzheimer's disease, advanced stage of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, paralytic ileus, etc)...
June 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Susanne Blauwhoff-Buskermolen, Jacqueline A E Langius, Annemarie Becker, Henk M W Verheul, Marian A E de van der Schueren
BACKGROUND: Progressive loss of muscle mass is a major characteristic of cancer cachexia. Consensus definitions for cachexia provide different options to measure muscle mass. This study describes the effect of different methods to determine muscle mass on the diagnosis of cancer cachexia. In addition, the association of cachexia with other features of cachexia, quality of life, and survival was explored. METHODS: Prior to chemotherapy, cachexia was assessed by weight loss, body mass index, and muscle mass measurements, the latter by mid-upper arm muscle area (MUAMA), computed tomography (CT) scans, and bio-electrical impedance analysis (BIA)...
August 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Young Hoon Park, Hyeon Gyu Yi, Moon Hee Lee, Chul Soo Kim, Joo Han Lim
BACKGROUND: The Advanced Lung Cancer Inflammation Index (ALI, body mass index × albumin/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio) has been demonstrated to be a prognostic factor of survival in some solid cancers. We retrospectively investigated the usefulness of the ALI to predict chemotherapy response and survival in 212 patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone) chemotherapy. METHODS: Patients were allocated to a low ALI group (n = 82, 38...
2017: Acta Haematologica
Eun Young Kim, Nambeom Kim, Young Saing Kim, Ja-Young Seo, Inkeun Park, Hee Kyung Ahn, Yu Mi Jeong, Jeong Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Advanced lung cancer inflammation index (ALI, body mass index [BMI] x serum albumin/neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio [NLR]) has been shown to predict overall survival (OS) in small cell lung cancer (SCLC). CT enables skeletal muscle to be quantified, whereas BMI cannot accurately reflect body composition. The purpose was to evaluate prognostic value of modified ALI (mALI) using CT-determined L3 muscle index (L3MI, muscle area at L3/height2) beyond original ALI. METHODS: L3MIs were calculated using the CT images of 186 consecutive patients with SCLC taken at diagnosis, and mALI was defined as L3MI x serum albumin/NLR...
2016: PloS One
Yang Yu, Hui Guan, Yuanli Dong, Ligang Xing, Xiaolin Li
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the research progress about the dosimetry and biological predictors of radiation-induced esophagitis. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review addressing radiation esophagitis in the treatment of lung cancer published between January 2009 and May 2015 in the PubMed full-text database index systems. RESULTS: Twenty-eight eligible documents were included in the final analysis. Many clinical factors were related to the risk of radiation esophagitis, such as elder patients, concurrent chemoradiotherapy, and the intense radiotherapy regimen (hyperfractionated radiotherapy or stereotactic body radiotherapy)...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Xiaobo He, Ting Zhou, Yunpeng Yang, Shaodong Hong, Jianhua Zhan, Zhihuang Hu, Wenfeng Fang, Tao Qin, Yuxiang Ma, Yuanyuan Zhao, Zhibin Cheng, Yan Huang, Hongyun Zhao, Guangwei Yang, Li Zhang
UNLABELLED: This report is the first to use the value of the Advanced Lung Cancer Inflammation Index (ALI) to predict the overall survival in patients with small-cell lung cancer. We enrolled 365 patients who were eligible for analysis and found that lower ALI was significantly associated with worse overall survival in small-cell lung cancer patients. The results showed that evaluation using ALI could authenticate the patients with poor prognosis and be a useful prognostic marker in clinical practice...
November 2015: Clinical Lung Cancer
Ji-Feng Feng, Ying Huang, Qi Xun Chen
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of inflammation indexes in esophageal cancer has not been established. Recent studies have shown that the advanced lung cancer inflammation index (ALI) is a useful predictive factor. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether the ALI is useful for predicting long-term survival in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 293 patients who had undergone esophagectomy for ESCC were included...
2014: OncoTargets and Therapy
Mukesh Paudel, Bishal Chhetri, Sahadeb Dhungana, Shamsuddin Amin
SESSION TITLE: COPD Diagnosis and Evaluation Posters ISESSION TYPE: Original Investigation PosterPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMPURPOSE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease of lung airways and parenchyma defined by airflow limitation due to inflammatory response to noxious fumes and gases. Systemic inflammation seen in patients with COPD is characterized by systemic oxidative stress that is associated with abnormalities like weight loss...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Antonio L Vigano, Jonathan di Tomasso, Robert D Kilgour, Barbara Trutschnigg, Enriqueta Lucar, José A Morais, Manuel Borod
Cancer cachexia (CC) is a syndrome characterized by wasting of lean body mass and fat, often driven by decreased food intake, hypermetabolism, and inflammation resulting in decreased lifespan and quality of life. Classification of cancer cachexia has improved, but few clinically relevant diagnostic tools exist for its early identification and characterization. The abridged Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (aPG-SGA) is a modification of the original Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment, and consists of a four-part questionnaire that scores patients' weight history, food intake, appetite, and performance status...
July 2014: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
M Yildirim, M Yildiz, E Duman, S Goktas, V Kaya
PURPOSE: Despite all primary prevention and therapeutic efforts around the world, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) continues to be an important public health problem. In the treatment of patients, laboratory parameters can be used for the determination of treatment intensity. These laboratory parameters should be easily accessible, cheap and easy to use. For this purpose, the prognostic importance in NSCLC of serum albumin levels, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and thrombocyte-lymphocyte ratio (TLR) was investigated in the present study...
July 2013: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Syed H Jafri, Runhua Shi, Glenn Mills
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation has been linked with cancer development, cancer cachexia and poor outcome. Advanced lung cancer inflammation index (ALI) was developed to assess degree of systemic inflammation at the time of diagnosis in metastatic non-small cell lung (NSCLC) cancer patients. METHODS: In a single institution retrospective review 173 patients with metastatic NSCLC diagnosed between Jan 1 2000 and June 30 2011 were included. ALI was calculated as (BMI x Alb / NLR) where BMI = body mass index, Alb = serum albumin, NLR (neutrophil lymphocyte ratio, a marker of systemic inflammation)...
2013: BMC Cancer
Ryohei Takahashi, Takashi Sato, Dennis M Klinman, Takeshi Shimosato, Takeshi Kaneko, Yoshiaki Ishigatsubo
Immunosuppressive oligodeoxynucleotides (Sup ODNs) containing repetitive TTAGGG motifs reduce inflammation and, thus, may have an impact on inflammation‑related tumor growth. In this study, we found a significant antiproliferative effect of Sup ODNs on the A549 non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell line compared to those treated with control ODNs (p<0.05). Sup-ODN-mediated G1 phase cell cycle arrest was achieved via inhibition of Akt and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 phosphorylation and the p15INK4b and p27KIP1/retinoblastoma protein pathway...
February 2013: International Journal of Oncology
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