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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675316/the-relations-between-conscientiousness-and-mental-health-in-a-north-european-and-a-west-asian-culture
#1
Mohammad-Naghy Farahani, Reza Kormi-Nouri, Boele De Raad
BACKGROUND: The relationship between conscientiousness, mental health and mental illness has been an issue for the last two decades. AIMS: By using a dual model of mental health, the present study examined a non-linear relationship between conscientiousness and healthy or non-healthy symptoms in two different cultures. METHOD: Participants in this study were 296 Iranian and 310 Swedish university students (18-24 years of age). We used two different conscientiousness scales; the 12-item conscientiousness subscale of the NEO/FFI as an imported (etic) scale, and a 10-item Iranian conscientiousness scale as an indigenous (emic) and culture-dependent scale...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594200/a-mixed-methods-study-of-personality-conceptions-in-the-levant-jordan-lebanon-syria-and-the-west-bank
#2
Pia Zeinoun, Lina Daouk-Öyry, Lina Choueiri, Fons J R van de Vijver
Personality taxonomies are investigated using either etic-style studies that test whether Western-developed models fit in a new culture, or emic-style studies that derive personality dimensions from a local culture, using a psycholexical approach. Recent studies have incorporated strengths from both approaches. We combine the 2 approaches in the first study of personality descriptors in spoken Arabic. In Study 1, we collected 17,283 responses from a sample of adults in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and the West Bank (N = 545)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344031/culture-bound-syndromes-of-a-brazilian-amazon-riverine-population-tentative-correspondence-between-traditional-and-conventional-medicine-terms-and-possible-ethnopharmacological-implications
#3
E Pagani, J de F L Santos, E Rodrigues
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: It is not always possible to correlate the "emic" terms to the "etic" ones during ethnopharmacological surveys, especially regarding those related to Culture-Bound Syndromes (CBS). Nevertheless, it is the role of ethnopharmacology to address these correlations, since they are the basis for the understanding of potential bioactives. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This study reports the clinical manifestations and therapeutic resources used for the treatment of CBS among some riverine inhabitants of Brazilian Amazonia...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327160/what-constitutes-problematic-khat-use-an-exploratory-mixed-methods-study-in-ethiopia
#4
Awoke Mihretu, Solomon Teferra, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUND: Khat is a psycho-stimulant herb, which has been in use in traditional societies in East Africa and the Middle East over many centuries. Although khat is reported to cause various health problems, what constitutes problematic khat use has never been systematically investigated. This study explored the acceptable and problematic uses of khat from the perspective of users. METHODS: The study used a mixed methods design (exploratory sequential) in which qualitative (emic) data were collected to develop a framework to define problematic khat use...
March 21, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220255/phenological-patterns-of-flowering-across-biogeographical-regions-of-europe
#5
Barbara Templ, Matthias Templ, Peter Filzmoser, Annamária Lehoczky, Eugenija Bakšienè, Stefan Fleck, Hilppa Gregow, Sabina Hodzic, Gunta Kalvane, Eero Kubin, Vello Palm, Danuta Romanovskaja, Višnja Vucˇetic, Ana Žust, Bálint Czúcz
Long-term changes of plant phenological phases determined by complex interactions of environmental factors are in the focus of recent climate impact research. There is a lack of studies on the comparison of biogeographical regions in Europe in terms of plant responses to climate. We examined the flowering phenology of plant species to identify the spatio-temporal patterns in their responses to environmental variables over the period 1970-2010. Data were collected from 12 countries along a 3000-km-long, North-South transect from northern to eastern Central Europe...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027553/effect-of-radiation-and-non-radiation-environmental-factors-on-children-hematopoietic-system
#6
V G Bebeshko, K M Bruslova, V V Stankevych, N M Tsvietkova, L O Lyashenko, S G Galkina, T I Pushkaryova, V I Kolos, O Ye Kuznetsova, L O Honchar, S M Yatsemyrskii, Y M Samson
OBJECTIVE: Identification of impact of radiation and non radiation environmental factors on development of hematopoi etic abnormalities in children and justification of criteria for the increased risk groups of hematologic diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The results of clinical and hematological survey of 1465 children living in Kyiv, Zhytomyr and Chernihiv regions for the period from 2008 to 2014 were presented. There were 777 children with anemia, 466 with changes in hemogram, 191 with acute leukemia...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808601/anthropology-in-agricultural-health-and-safety-research-and-intervention
#7
Thomas Arcury
Agriculture remains a dangerous industry, even as agricultural science and technology continue to advance. Research that goes beyond technological changes to address safety culture and policy are needed to improve health and safety in agriculture. In this commentary, I consider the potential for anthropology to contribute to agricultural health and safety research by addressing three aims: (1) I briefly consider what the articles in this issue of the Journal of Agromedicine say about anthropologists in agricultural health and safety; (2) I discuss what anthropologists can add to agricultural health and safety research; and (3) I examine ways in which anthropologists can participate in agricultural health and safety research...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725843/how-international-research-on-parenting-advances-understanding-of-child-development
#8
Jennifer E Lansford, Marc H Bornstein, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Kenneth A Dodge, Suha M Al-Hassan, Dario Bacchini, Anna Silvia Bombi, Lei Chang, Bin-Bin Chen, Laura Di Giunta, Patrick S Malone, Paul Oburu, Concetta Pastorelli, Ann T Skinner, Emma Sorbring, Laurence Steinberg, Sombat Tapanya, Liane Peña Alampay, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Arnaldo Zelli
International research on parenting and child development can advance our understanding of similarities and differences in how parenting is related to children's development across countries. Challenges to conducting international research include operationalizing culture, disentangling effects within and between countries, and balancing emic and etic perspectives. Benefits of international research include testing whether findings regarding parenting and child development replicate across diverse samples, incorporating cultural and contextual diversity to foster more inclusive and representative research samples and investigators than has typically occurred, and understanding how children develop in proximal parenting and family and distal international contexts...
September 2016: Child Development Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639571/postpartum-health-information-seeking-using-mobile-phones-experiences-of-low-income-mothers
#9
Lucia Guerra-Reyes, Vanessa M Christie, Annu Prabhakar, Asia L Harris, Katie A Siek
Objectives To assess low-income mothers' perceptions of their postpartum information needs; describe their information seeking behavior; explore their use of mobile technology to address those needs; and to contribute to the sparse literature on postpartum health and wellness. Methods Exploratory community-based qualitative approach. Interviewees were recruited among clients of community partners and had children aged 48 months and under. A survey assessing demographics was used to identify low-income mothers...
November 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505706/the-etemic-model-of-gypsy-roma-traveller-community-vulnerability-is-it-time-to-rethink-our-understanding-of-vulnerability
#10
V Heaslip, S Hean, J Parker
AIM: To present a new etemic model of vulnerability. BACKGROUND: Despite vulnerability being identified as a core consequence of health and health experiences there has been little research exploring the meaning of vulnerability as a concept. Yet being vulnerable is known to have dire physical/mental health consequences. It is therefore a fundamental issue for nurses to address. To date, the meaning of the term vulnerability has been influenced by the work of Spiers (2000, 2005)...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436289/impact-of-patient-education-on-chronic-heart-failure-in-primary-care-etic-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#11
Hélène Vaillant-Roussel, Catherine Laporte, Bruno Pereira, Marion De Rosa, Bénédicte Eschalier, Charles Vorilhon, Romain Eschalier, Gilles Clément, Denis Pouchain, Jean-François Chenot, Claude Dubray, Philippe Vorilhon
BACKGROUND: The Education Thérapeutique des patients Insuffisants Cardiaques (ETIC; Therapeutic Education for Patients with Cardiac Failure) trial aimed to determine whether a pragmatic education intervention in general practice could improve the quality of life of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) compared with routine care. RESULTS: This cluster randomised controlled clinical trial included 241 patients with CHF attending 54 general practitioners (GPs) in France and involved 19 months of follow-up...
July 19, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335425/seeing-the-community-s-perspective-through-multiple-emic-and-etic-vistas
#12
John Gaber
Health impact assessment (HIA) researchers regularly use community input in their investigations to help them better understand local health issues. Community data is commonly associated with the lived experiences of local impacted residents known as 'emic' data. It is becoming more common practice for HIA researchers to access outside experts and stakeholders ('etic' data) during the community input phase of their investigations. Utilizing published international HIA data, I look at who HIA researchers invite when they seek to get 'community input' in their HIA investigations...
June 21, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254764/ancestors-of-two-spirits-historical-depictions-of-native-north-american-gender-crossing-women-through-critical-discourse-analysis
#13
Anita Hemmilä
Letters written by Christian men of European origin during the sixteenth-nineteenth centuries contain brief descriptions of gender-crossing individuals among indigenous Americans. Although now considered ethnocentrically biased because of the etic positioning of their authors, these historical sources are invaluable because they offer a glimpse of the ancestors of modern-day two-spirits. An application of critical discourse analysis to three depictions of gender-crossing females from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries demonstrates that such women were favorably portrayed...
July 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27174082/an-ethnomedicinal-survey-of-a-tashelhit-speaking-community-in-the-high-atlas-morocco
#14
Irene Teixidor-Toneu, Gary J Martin, Ahmed Ouhammou, Rajindra K Puri, Julie A Hawkins
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditional knowledge about medicinal plants from a poorly studied region, the High Atlas in Morocco, is reported here for the first time; this permits consideration of efficacy and safety of current practises whilst highlighting species previously not known to have traditional medicinal use. AIM OF THE STUDY: Our study aims to document local medicinal plant knowledge among Tashelhit speaking communities through ethnobotanical survey, identifying preferred species and new medicinal plant citations and illuminating the relationship between emic and etic ailment classifications...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27173599/towards-reflexive-epidemiology-conflation-of-cisgender-male-and-transgender-women-sex-workers-and-implications-for-global-understandings-of-hiv-prevalence
#15
Amaya G Perez-Brumer, Catherine E Oldenburg, Sari L Reisner, Jesse L Clark, Richard G Parker
The HIV epidemic has had a widespread impact on global scientific and cultural discourses related to gender, sexuality, and identity. 'Male sex workers' have been identified as a 'key population' in the global HIV epidemic; however, there are methodological and conceptual challenges for defining inclusion and exclusion of transgender women within this group. To assess these potential implications, this study employs self-critique and reflection to grapple with the empiric and conceptual implications of shifting understandings of sexuality and gender within the externally re-created etic category of 'MSM' and 'transgender women' in epidemiologic HIV research...
August 2016: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26679941/transdisciplinary-research-on-cancer-healing-systems-between-biomedicine-and-the-maya-of-guatemala-a-tool-for-reciprocal-reflexivity-in-a-multi-epistemological-setting
#16
Mónica Berger-González, Michael Stauffacher, Jakob Zinsstag, Peter Edwards, Pius Krütli
Transdisciplinarity (TD) is a participatory research approach in which actors from science and society work closely together. It offers means for promoting knowledge integration and finding solutions to complex societal problems, and can be applied within a multiplicity of epistemic systems. We conducted a TD process from 2011 to 2014 between indigenous Mayan medical specialists from Guatemala and Western biomedical physicians and scientists to study cancer. Given the immense cultural gap between the partners, it was necessary to develop new methods to overcome biases induced by ethnocentric behaviors and power differentials...
January 2016: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26647365/cultural-consensus-modeling-to-measure-transactional-sex-in-swaziland-scale-building-and-validation
#17
Rebecca Fielding-Miller, Kristin L Dunkle, Hannah L F Cooper, Michael Windle, Craig Hadley
Transactional sex is associated with increased risk of HIV and gender based violence in southern Africa and around the world. However the typical quantitative operationalization, "the exchange of gifts or money for sex," can be at odds with a wide array of relationship types and motivations described in qualitative explorations. To build on the strengths of both qualitative and quantitative research streams, we used cultural consensus models to identify distinct models of transactional sex in Swaziland. The process allowed us to build and validate emic scales of transactional sex, while identifying key informants for qualitative interviews within each model to contextualize women's experiences and risk perceptions...
January 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26569504/navigating-the-ethics-of-cross-cultural-health-promotion-research
#18
REVIEW
Greer Lamaro Haintz, Melissa Graham, Hayley McKenzie
Health promotion researchers must consider the ethics of their research, and are usually required to abide by a set of ethical requirements stipulated by governing bodies (such as the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council) and human research ethics committees (HRECs). These requirements address both deontological (rule-based) and consequence-based issues. However, at times there can be a disconnect between the requirements of deontological issues and the cultural sensitivity required when research is set in cultural contexts and settings etic to the HREC...
December 2015: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26009931/cultural-universality-and-specificity-of-student-engagement-in-school-the-results-of-an-international-study-from-12-countries
#19
Shui-fong Lam, Shane Jimerson, Hyeonsook Shin, Carmel Cefai, Feliciano H Veiga, Chryse Hatzichristou, Fotini Polychroni, Eve Kikas, Bernard P H Wong, Elena Stanculescu, Julie Basnett, Robert Duck, Peter Farrell, Yi Liu, Valeria Negovan, Brett Nelson, Hongfei Yang, Josef Zollneritsch
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive understanding of the contextual factors that are linked to student engagement requires research that includes cross-cultural perspectives. AIMS: This study investigated how student engagement in school is associated with grade, gender, and contextual factors across 12 countries. It also investigated whether these associations vary across countries with different levels of individualism and socio-economic development. SAMPLES: The participants were 3,420 7th, 8th, and 9th grade students from Austria, Canada, China, Cyprus, Estonia, Greece, Malta, Portugal, Romania, South Korea, the United Kingdom, and the United States...
March 2016: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25978086/dissociation-and-the-experience-of-channeling-narratives-of-israeli-women-who-practice-channeling
#20
Tali Stolovy, Rachel Lev-Wiesel, Zvi Eisikovits
"Channeling" is a phenomenon in which people describe themselves as receiving messages from another personality or dimension of reality. Channeling is often regarded as dissociation, which is a disruption in the usually integrated functions of consciousness, memory, identity, or perception. This study explored the interface between channeling and dissociation through a phenomenological analysis. Qualitative data were obtained through interviews with 20 Israeli women who practice channeling. The analysis revealed 3 themes: dissociation, absorption, and control...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
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