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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562881/risk-and-protective-factors-associated-with-the-mental-health-of-young-adults-in-kabul-afghanistan
#1
Qais Alemi, Carl Stempel, Patrick Marius Koga, Susanne Montgomery, Valerie Smith, Gagandeep Sandhu, Bianca Villegas, Jessica Requejo
BACKGROUND: We examined the mental health status and severity of psychological distress symptoms among young adults residing in Kabul, Afghanistan and determined how such outcomes might be influenced by an array of risk and protective factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was adopted using convenience, snowball, and street-intercept recruitment techniques. Surveys were completed by 232 young adults between 18 and 35 years of age in September 2015. We used both etic (mental health component of the SF-8) and emic (Afghan Symptom Checklist) measures of mental health and psychological distress, respectively, and regressed these outcome measures against socio-demographic, physical health, and psychological variables (resilience, hope-optimism) using ordinary least squares (OLS) regression methods...
March 21, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555095/continuing-conversations-about-adverse-childhood-experiences-aces-screening-a-public-health-perspective
#2
Shanta R Dube
Currently, in the U.S. and worldwide, childhood trauma is a public health crisis. Childhood adversities, such as abuse, neglect, and related household stressors, are common, interrelated and contribute to multiple adverse social, behavioral and health outcomes throughout the lifespan. The present article provides further discussion regarding adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) screening in healthcare utilizing the etic and emic perspectives. Screening in the healthcare system leans toward the etic view: objective observations of symptoms, which may then lead to intervention delivery...
March 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283035/of-sacraments-sacramentals-and-anthropology-is-anthropological-explanation-sacramental
#3
Harish Naraindas
This paper suggests that what is usually called a cultural misunderstanding of biomedical disease categories may be construed as a biomedical and anthropological misunderstanding of cultural categories. This is premised on the fact that anthropology often functions as an intimate double and handmaiden of biomedicine, in so far as it refuses to countenance the possibility of theurgic aetiologies in the realm of what is called 'mental illness'. Such a refusal displaces native explanations of divine or demonic agency to human agency...
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200582/the-emic-and-etic-models-two-equally-important-insight-assessments-in-psychosis
#4
Boban Joseph, T P Swathi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134058/a-test-of-four-evolutionary-hypotheses-of-pregnancy-food-cravings-evidence-for-the-social-bargaining-model
#5
Caitlyn Placek
The onset of cravings for items not typically desired is often considered a hallmark of pregnancy. Given the ubiquity of cravings, this phenomenon remains surprisingly understudied. The current study tested four hypotheses of pregnancy food cravings: behavioural immune system, nutrient seeking, resource scarcity and social bargaining. The research took place in Tamil Nadu, South India, with pregnant women residing in rural villages ( N  = 94). Methods included structured interviews and anthropometric measures...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918309/health-and-wellbeing-during-transition-to-adulthood-for-young-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-qualitative-study
#6
Genevieve Young-Southward, Sally-Ann Cooper, Christopher Philo
BACKGROUND: Transition to adulthood may have negative consequences for health and wellbeing in individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID), but this aspect of transition has received little investigation. This qualitative study aimed to explore the transition experiences of individuals with ID from their own perspectives, and from that of their parents, in order to identify health or wellbeing implications of transition. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 young people with mild, moderate and severe ID aged 16-27 years and with 23 parents of young people with mild, moderate, severe and profound ID aged 16-26 years...
September 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911322/sharing-fishers%C3%A2-ethnoecological-knowledge-of-the-european-pilchard-sardina-pilchardus-in-the-westernmost-fishing-community-in-europe
#7
Heitor de Oliveira Braga, Miguel Ângelo Pardal, Ulisses Miranda Azeiteiro
BACKGROUND: With the present difficulties in the conservation of sardines in the North Atlantic, it is important to investigate the local ecological knowledge (LEK) of fishermen about the biology and ecology of these fish. The ethnoecological data of European pilchard provided by local fishermen can be of importance for the management and conservation of this fishery resource. Thus, the present study recorded the ethnoecological knowledge of S. pilchardus in the traditional fishing community of Peniche, Portugal...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793240/cultural-values-and-the-prevalence-of-mental-disorders-in-25-countries-a-secondary-data-analysis
#8
Eva Heim, Iris Wegmann, Andreas Maercker
RATIONALE: The prevalence of common mental disorders (CMDs, i.e., depression and anxiety) worldwide is substantial, and prevalence rates are higher in high-income than in low- and middle-income countries. This difference might reflect both underlying prevalence rates as well as the measurement model used in cross-national epidemiological studies. Schwartz' cultural values provide a meaningful taxonomy to describe 'culture' and to examine how culture affects both the aetiology and phenomenology of CMDs...
September 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760245/hymenoplasty-and-muslim-patients-islamic-ethico-legal-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
Mohammad H Bawany, Aasim I Padela
BACKGROUND: Hymenoplasty, commonly called "revirginization," is a controversial procedure that pushes the scope of medical practice to satisfy cultural and/or religious "needs." AIM: To outline the sociocultural contexts underlying patient requests for hymenoplasty and present Islamic juridical views on the moral status of hymenoplasty for Muslim patients. METHODS: Narrative review of the extant bioethics literature and leading Islamic ethico-legal verdicts...
August 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675316/the-relations-between-conscientiousness-and-mental-health-in-a-north-european-and-a-west-asian-culture
#10
Mohammad-Naghy Farahani, Reza Kormi-Nouri, Boele De Raad
BACKGROUND: The relationship between conscientiousness, mental health and mental illness has been an issue for the last two decades. AIMS: By using a dual model of mental health, the present study examined a non-linear relationship between conscientiousness and healthy or non-healthy symptoms in two different cultures. METHOD: Participants in this study were 296 Iranian and 310 Swedish university students (18-24 years of age). We used two different conscientiousness scales; the 12-item conscientiousness subscale of the NEO/FFI as an imported (etic) scale, and a 10-item Iranian conscientiousness scale as an indigenous (emic) and culture-dependent scale...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594200/a-mixed-methods-study-of-personality-conceptions-in-the-levant-jordan-lebanon-syria-and-the-west-bank
#11
Pia Zeinoun, Lina Daouk-Öyry, Lina Choueiri, Fons J R van de Vijver
Personality taxonomies are investigated using either etic-style studies that test whether Western-developed models fit in a new culture, or emic-style studies that derive personality dimensions from a local culture, using a psycholexical approach. Recent studies have incorporated strengths from both approaches. We combine the 2 approaches in the first study of personality descriptors in spoken Arabic. In Study 1, we collected 17,283 responses from a sample of adults in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and the West Bank (N = 545)...
September 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344031/culture-bound-syndromes-of-a-brazilian-amazon-riverine-population-tentative-correspondence-between-traditional-and-conventional-medicine-terms-and-possible-ethnopharmacological-implications
#12
E Pagani, J de F L Santos, E Rodrigues
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: It is not always possible to correlate the "emic" terms to the "etic" ones during ethnopharmacological surveys, especially regarding those related to Culture-Bound Syndromes (CBS). Nevertheless, it is the role of ethnopharmacology to address these correlations, since they are the basis for the understanding of potential bioactives. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This study reports the clinical manifestations and therapeutic resources used for the treatment of CBS among some riverine inhabitants of Brazilian Amazonia...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327160/what-constitutes-problematic-khat-use-an-exploratory-mixed-methods-study-in-ethiopia
#13
Awoke Mihretu, Solomon Teferra, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUND: Khat is a psycho-stimulant herb, which has been in use in traditional societies in East Africa and the Middle East over many centuries. Although khat is reported to cause various health problems, what constitutes problematic khat use has never been systematically investigated. This study explored the acceptable and problematic uses of khat from the perspective of users. METHODS: The study used a mixed methods design (exploratory sequential) in which qualitative (emic) data were collected to develop a framework to define problematic khat use...
March 21, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220255/phenological-patterns-of-flowering-across-biogeographical-regions-of-europe
#14
Barbara Templ, Matthias Templ, Peter Filzmoser, Annamária Lehoczky, Eugenija Bakšienè, Stefan Fleck, Hilppa Gregow, Sabina Hodzic, Gunta Kalvane, Eero Kubin, Vello Palm, Danuta Romanovskaja, Višnja Vucˇetic, Ana Žust, Bálint Czúcz
Long-term changes of plant phenological phases determined by complex interactions of environmental factors are in the focus of recent climate impact research. There is a lack of studies on the comparison of biogeographical regions in Europe in terms of plant responses to climate. We examined the flowering phenology of plant species to identify the spatio-temporal patterns in their responses to environmental variables over the period 1970-2010. Data were collected from 12 countries along a 3000-km-long, North-South transect from northern to eastern Central Europe...
July 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027553/effect-of-radiation-and-non-radiation-environmental-factors-on-children-hematopoietic-system
#15
V G Bebeshko, K M Bruslova, V V Stankevych, N M Tsvietkova, L O Lyashenko, S G Galkina, T I Pushkaryova, V I Kolos, O Ye Kuznetsova, L O Honchar, S M Yatsemyrskii, Y M Samson
OBJECTIVE: Identification of impact of radiation and non radiation environmental factors on development of hematopoi etic abnormalities in children and justification of criteria for the increased risk groups of hematologic diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The results of clinical and hematological survey of 1465 children living in Kyiv, Zhytomyr and Chernihiv regions for the period from 2008 to 2014 were presented. There were 777 children with anemia, 466 with changes in hemogram, 191 with acute leukemia...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808601/anthropology-in-agricultural-health-and-safety-research-and-intervention
#16
Thomas Arcury
Agriculture remains a dangerous industry, even as agricultural science and technology continue to advance. Research that goes beyond technological changes to address safety culture and policy are needed to improve health and safety in agriculture. In this commentary, I consider the potential for anthropology to contribute to agricultural health and safety research by addressing three aims: (1) I briefly consider what the articles in this issue of the Journal of Agromedicine say about anthropologists in agricultural health and safety; (2) I discuss what anthropologists can add to agricultural health and safety research; and (3) I examine ways in which anthropologists can participate in agricultural health and safety research...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725843/how-international-research-on-parenting-advances-understanding-of-child-development
#17
Jennifer E Lansford, Marc H Bornstein, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Kenneth A Dodge, Suha M Al-Hassan, Dario Bacchini, Anna Silvia Bombi, Lei Chang, Bin-Bin Chen, Laura Di Giunta, Patrick S Malone, Paul Oburu, Concetta Pastorelli, Ann T Skinner, Emma Sorbring, Laurence Steinberg, Sombat Tapanya, Liane Peña Alampay, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Arnaldo Zelli
International research on parenting and child development can advance our understanding of similarities and differences in how parenting is related to children's development across countries. Challenges to conducting international research include operationalizing culture, disentangling effects within and between countries, and balancing emic and etic perspectives. Benefits of international research include testing whether findings regarding parenting and child development replicate across diverse samples, incorporating cultural and contextual diversity to foster more inclusive and representative research samples and investigators than has typically occurred, and understanding how children develop in proximal parenting and family and distal international contexts...
September 2016: Child Development Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639571/postpartum-health-information-seeking-using-mobile-phones-experiences-of-low-income-mothers
#18
Lucia Guerra-Reyes, Vanessa M Christie, Annu Prabhakar, Asia L Harris, Katie A Siek
Objectives To assess low-income mothers' perceptions of their postpartum information needs; describe their information seeking behavior; explore their use of mobile technology to address those needs; and to contribute to the sparse literature on postpartum health and wellness. Methods Exploratory community-based qualitative approach. Interviewees were recruited among clients of community partners and had children aged 48 months and under. A survey assessing demographics was used to identify low-income mothers...
November 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505706/the-etemic-model-of-gypsy-roma-traveller-community-vulnerability-is-it-time-to-rethink-our-understanding-of-vulnerability
#19
V Heaslip, S Hean, J Parker
AIM: To present a new etemic model of vulnerability. BACKGROUND: Despite vulnerability being identified as a core consequence of health and health experiences there has been little research exploring the meaning of vulnerability as a concept. Yet being vulnerable is known to have dire physical/mental health consequences. It is therefore a fundamental issue for nurses to address. To date, the meaning of the term vulnerability has been influenced by the work of Spiers (2000, 2005)...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436289/impact-of-patient-education-on-chronic-heart-failure-in-primary-care-etic-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hélène Vaillant-Roussel, Catherine Laporte, Bruno Pereira, Marion De Rosa, Bénédicte Eschalier, Charles Vorilhon, Romain Eschalier, Gilles Clément, Denis Pouchain, Jean-François Chenot, Claude Dubray, Philippe Vorilhon
BACKGROUND: The Education Thérapeutique des patients Insuffisants Cardiaques (ETIC; Therapeutic Education for Patients with Cardiac Failure) trial aimed to determine whether a pragmatic education intervention in general practice could improve the quality of life of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) compared with routine care. RESULTS: This cluster randomised controlled clinical trial included 241 patients with CHF attending 54 general practitioners (GPs) in France and involved 19 months of follow-up...
July 19, 2016: BMC Family Practice
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