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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679385/genus-level-identification-of-dermatophytes-by-maldi-tof-ms-after-two-days-of-colony-growth
#1
Jari Intra, Cecilia Sarto, Natalia Tiberti, Silvia Besana, Cinzia Savarino, Paolo Brambilla
Matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is becoming a popular technology in clinical microbiology. It is a fast and highly specific method for the routine identification of microorganisms. In this study, we evaluated the suitability of dermatophyte identification after only two days of colony growth using MALDI-TOF MS. Two protein extraction protocols were also evaluated consisting of either formic acid alone or of ethanol-formic acid-acetonitrile to achieve a complete protein extraction...
April 21, 2018: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668786/user-embracement-with-risk-classification-in-an-emergency-care-unit-an-evaluative-study
#2
Patrícia Madalena Vieira Hermida, Eliane Regina Pereira do Nascimento, Maria Elena Echevarría-Guanilo, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Luciana Bihain Hagemann de Malfussi
Objective Describing the evaluation of the Structure, Process and Outcome of User Embracement with Risk Classification of an Emergency Care Unit from the perspective of physicians and nurses. Method An evaluative, descriptive, quantitative study developed in Santa Catarina. Data were collected using a validated and adapted instrument consisting of 21 items distributed in the dimensions of Structure (facilities), Process (activities and relationships in providing care) and Outcome (care effects). In the analysis, descriptive statistics and the Mean Ranking and Mean Score calculations were applied...
2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616571/flowcharts-to-aid-student-comprehension-of-nernst-equation-calculations
#3
Angus M Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616496/how-to-use-the-kaiser-score-as-a-clinical-decision-rule-for-diagnosis-in-multiparametric-breast-mri-a-pictorial-essay
#4
REVIEW
Matthias Dietzel, Pascal A T Baltzer
Due to its superior sensitivity, breast MRI (bMRI) has been established as an important additional diagnostic tool in the breast clinic and is used for screening in patients with an elevated risk for breast cancer. Breast MRI, however, is a complex tool, providing multiple images containing several contrasts. Thus, reading bMRI requires a structured approach. A lack of structure will increase the rate of false-positive findings and sacrifice most of the advantages of bMRI as additional work-up will be required...
April 3, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610773/are-they-high-on-steroids-tailored-interventions-help-improve-screening-for-steroid-induced-hyperglycaemia-in-hospitalised-patients
#5
Punith Kempegowda, Alana C Livesey, Laura McFarlane-Majeed, Joht Singh Chandan, Theresa Smyth, Martha Stewart, Karen Blackwood, Michelle McMahon, Anitha Vijayan Melapatte, Sofia Salahuddin, Jonathan Webber, Sandip Ghosh
Steroid-induced hyperglycaemia (SIH) is a common adverse effect in patients both with and without diabetes. This project aimed to improve the screening and diagnosis of SIH by improving the knowledge of healthcare professionals who contribute to the management of SIH in hospitalised patients. Monitoring and diagnosis of SIH were measured in areas of high steroid use in our hospital from May 2016 to January 2017. Several interventions were implemented to improve knowledge and screening for SIH including a staff education programme for nurses, healthcare assistants and doctors...
2018: BMJ Open Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568482/presenting-a-new-standard-drug-model-for-turmeric-and-its-prized-extract-curcumin
#6
REVIEW
Franco Cavaleri
Various parts of the turmeric plant have been used as medicinal treatment for various conditions from ulcers and arthritis to cardiovascular disease and neuroinflammation. The rhizome's curcumin extract is the most studied active constituent, which exhibits an expansive polypharmacology with influence on many key inflammatory markers. Despite the expansive reports of curcucmin's therapeutic value, clinical reliability and research repeatability with curcumin treatment are still poor. The pharmacology must be better understood and reliably mapped if curcumin is to be accepted and used in modern medical applications...
2018: International Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546920/-result-of-a-model-of-management-of-special-vaccines
#7
Sylvina Alvarado, Ernesto Paya, María Teresa Valenzuela, Rodolfo Villena
INTRODUCTION: Special vaccines recommendation patients are a growing population. The Ministry of Health has developed a special vaccination program for these cases, through which our hospital manages vaccine forms by an established flowchart. OBJECTIVE: To describe the special vaccines model of management results in the period between March 2015 and September 2016, and the clinical and demographics characterization of the pediatric population benefited with this program in Dr...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546504/novel-characterization-method-of-impedance-cardiography-signals-using-time-frequency-distributions
#8
Jesús Escrivá Muñoz, Y Pan, S Ge, E W Jensen, M Vallverdú
The purpose of this document is to describe a methodology to select the most adequate time-frequency distribution (TFD) kernel for the characterization of impedance cardiography signals (ICG). The predominant ICG beat was extracted from a patient and was synthetized using time-frequency variant Fourier approximations. These synthetized signals were used to optimize several TFD kernels according to a performance maximization. The optimized kernels were tested for noise resistance on a clinical database. The resulting optimized TFD kernels are presented with their performance calculated using newly proposed methods...
March 16, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526479/statistical-methods-to-the-control-of-the-production-of-blood-components-principles-and-control-charts-for-variables
#9
REVIEW
Paulo Pereira, Jerard Seghatchian, Beatriz Caldeira, Sandra Xavier, Gracinda de Sousa
General quality control good practices require the control of the production of blood components using statistical techniques, such as mandatory by the European Commission Directives and the American Association of Blood Banks standards. Sometimes, the control procedure is exclusively in favor of the compliance verification with specifications per individual component or to compute the number of defective parts usually on a monthly basis. However, this is a critical restriction to detect unnatural patterns such as to guarantee that the production has a non-significance chance to manufacturing nonconforming components...
February 20, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521471/anomalous-coronary-artery-originating-from-the-opposite-sinus-of-valsalva-acaos-fractional-flow-reserve-and-intravascular-ultrasound-guided-management-in-adult-patients
#10
Bart W Driesen, Evangeline G Warmerdam, Gert-Jan T Sieswerda, Paul H Schoof, Folkert J Meijboom, Felix Haas, Pieter R Stella, Adriaan O Kraaijeveld, Fabiola C M Evens, Pieter A F M Doevendans, Gregor J Krings, Arie P J van Dijk, Michiel Voskuil
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of fractional flow reserve (FFR) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in the evaluation of patients with anomalous coronary arteries originating from the opposite sinus of Valsalva (ACAOS). BACKGROUND: ACAOS of the right and left coronary are rare, but may lead to symptoms and impose a risk for sudden cardiac death, depending on several anatomical features. Assessment and risk estimation is challenging in (nonathlete) adults, especially if they present without symptoms or with atypical complaints...
March 9, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502910/inborn-errors-of-metabolism-with-acidosis-organic-acidemias-and-defects-of-pyruvate-and-ketone-body-metabolism
#11
REVIEW
Lori-Anne P Schillaci, Suzanne D DeBrosse, Shawn E McCandless
When a child presents with high-anion gap metabolic acidosis, the pediatrician can proceed with confidence by recalling some basic principles. Defects of organic acid, pyruvate, and ketone body metabolism that present with acute acidosis are reviewed. Flowcharts for identifying the underlying cause and initiating life-saving therapy are provided. By evaluating electrolytes, blood sugar, lactate, ammonia, and urine ketones, the provider can determine the likelihood of an inborn error of metabolism. Freezing serum, plasma, and urine samples during the acute presentation for definitive diagnostic testing at the provider's convenience aids in the differential diagnosis...
April 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500797/an-updated-subsequent-injury-categorisation-model-sic-2-0-data-driven-categorisation-of-subsequent-injuries-in-sport
#12
Liam A Toohey, Michael K Drew, Lauren V Fortington, Caroline F Finch, Jill L Cook
BACKGROUND: Accounting for subsequent injuries is critical for sports injury epidemiology. The subsequent injury categorisation (SIC-1.0) model was developed to create a framework for accurate categorisation of subsequent injuries but its operationalisation has been challenging. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to update the subsequent injury categorisation (SIC-1.0 to SIC-2.0) model to improve its utility and application to sports injury datasets, and to test its applicability to a sports injury dataset...
March 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495023/a-guide-to-managing-tooth-wear-the-radboud-philosophy
#13
B Loomans, N Opdam
This paper explains a conservative, pragmatic and minimally invasive intervention concept for the treatment of severe tooth wear patients based on the Radboud Tooth Wear Project in the Netherlands. Guidelines and flowcharts for management of severe tooth wear patients and rehabilitation in increased vertical dimension of occlusion are presented. We concluded that: (a) Restorative treatment is not always indicated, even for patients with severe tooth wear. (b) If the patient has no complaints, counselling and monitoring is probably the best option...
March 9, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454491/risk-assessment-for-ballast-water-management-learning-from-the-adriatic-sea-case-study
#14
Matej David, Stephan Gollasch
The ballast water management convention incorporates principles of risk assessment. A new ballast water management risk assessment model was developed to support the implementation of most efficient management measures, which we also present as a flowchart decision support system model. The risk assessment model was tested using data from port baseline surveys where available, and real shipping and ballast water discharges data. The here presented ballast water management risk assessment and possible management options are applicable elsewhere to support and improve complex decision making in the implementation of management requirements according to the ballast water management convention...
February 14, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446003/development-of-a-ready-to-use-tool-that-includes-preventability-for-the-assessment-of-adverse-drug-events-in-oncology
#15
Guillaume Hébert, Florence Netzer, Sylvain Landry Kouakou, François Lemare, Etienne Minvielle
Background Adverse drug events (ADEs) occur frequently in oncology and justify continuous assessment and monitoring. There are several methods for detecting them, but the trigger tool method seems the most appropriate. Although a generic tool exists, its use for ADEs in oncology has not been convincing. The development of a focused version is therefore necessary. Objective To provide an oncology-focused trigger tool that evaluates the prevalence, harm, and preventability in a standardised method for pragmatic use in ADE surveillance...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431308/diagnostic-and-clinical-significance-of-t-wave-inversion-in-athletes
#16
REVIEW
Anat Milman, Gad Keren
Electrocardiography abnormalities are a common finding in athletes. To facilitate the differentiation of physiological adaptation versus pathological remodeling, a series of guidelines has emerged in the past decade that attempt to improve specificity while maintaining a high sensitivity. Recently, T wave inversion in the athletic population gained more attention, resulting in accelerated research leading to novel findings not yet integrated into clinical practice. We aim to simplify the knowledge to date and integrate it into one easy to use practical flowchart...
February 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427705/dismantling-the-justice-silos-flowcharting-the-role-and-expertise-of-forensic-science-forensic-medicine-and-allied-health-in-adult-sexual-assault-investigations
#17
Sally F Kelty, Roberta Julian, Eva Bruenisholz, Linzi Wilson-Wilde
Forensic science is increasingly used to help exonerate the innocent and establishing links between individuals and criminal activities. With increased reliance on scientific services provided by multi-disciplinary (police, medicine, law, forensic science), and multi-organisational in the private and government sectors (health, justice, legal, police) practitioners, the potential for miscommunication resulting unjust outcomes increases. The importance of identifying effective multi-organisational information sharing is to prevent the 'justice silo effect'; where practitioners from different organisations operate in isolation with minimal or no interaction...
January 31, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412304/problematization-methodology-and-convergent-healthcare-research-praxis-proposal-in-research
#18
Laura Ferreira Cortes, Stela Maris de Mello Padoin, Neusi Aparecida Navas Berbel
OBJECTIVE: Presenting theoretical subsidies for the nursing care practice based on the possibility of convergence between research practice and educational practice. METHOD: The Convergent Healthcare Research was developed from February to August 2015, with an intersectoral working group formed by 32 participants, including health, social services and public safety professionals. Ten group meetings were organized, based on the Problematization Methodology with Maguerez's Arch...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406340/an-easy-to-use-prognostic-model-for-survival-estimation-for-patients-with-symptomatic-long-bone-metastases
#19
J J Willeumier, Y M van der Linden, C W P G van der Wal, P C Jutte, J M van der Velden, M A Smolle, P van der Zwaal, P Koper, L Bakri, I de Pree, A Leithner, M Fiocco, P D S Dijkstra
BACKGROUND: A survival estimation for patients with symptomatic long bone metastases (LBM) is crucial to prevent overtreatment and undertreatment. This study analyzed prognostic factors for overall survival and developed a simple, easy-to-use prognostic model. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study of 1,520 patients treated for symptomatic LBM between 2000 and 2013 at the radiation therapy and/or orthopaedic departments was performed. Primary tumors were categorized into 3 clinical profiles (favorable, moderate, or unfavorable) according to an existing classification system...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395232/a-flow-chart-for-developing-water-quality-criteria-from-two-field-based-methods
#20
Susan M Cormier, Lei Zheng, Ryan A Hill, Rachael M Novak, Colleen M Flaherty
Field-based methods increase relevance and realism when setting water quality criteria. They also pose challenges. To enable a consistent process, a flow chart was developed for choosing between two field-based methods and then selecting among candidate results. The two field-based methods estimated specific conductivity (SC) levels likely to extirpate 5% of benthic invertebrate genera: an extirpation concentration distribution (XCD) method and a background-to-criterion (B-C) model developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency...
January 29, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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