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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429343/post-prandial-effects-of-hazelnut-enriched-high-fat-meal-on-ldl-oxidative-status-oxidative-and-inflammatory-gene-expression-of-healthy-subjects-a-randomized-trial
#1
L Di Renzo, G Merra, R Botta, P Gualtieri, A Manzo, M A Perrone, M Mazza, S Cascapera, A De Lorenzo
OBJECTIVE: Postprandial oxidative stress is characterized by an increased susceptibility of the organism towards oxidative damage after consumption of a meal rich in lipids and/or carbohydrates. Micronutrients modulate the immune system and exert a protective action by reducing low-density lipoproteins oxidation (ox-LDL) via induction of antioxidant enzymes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The clinical study was a randomized and cross-over trial, conducted through the CONSORT flowchart...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404240/determination-of-the-post-mortem-interval-in-skeletal-remains-by-the-comparative-use-of-different-physico-chemical-methods-are-they-reliable-as-an-alternative-to-14-c
#2
Alberto Amadasi, Annalisa Cappella, Cristina Cattaneo, Pacifico Cofrancesco, Lucia Cucca, Daniele Merli, Chiara Milanese, Andrea Pinto, Antonella Profumo, Valentina Scarpulla, Emanuela Sguazza
The determination of the post-mortem interval (PMI) of skeletal remains is a challenging aspect in the forensic field. Previous studies focused their attention on different macroscopic and morphological aspects but a thorough and complete evaluation of the potential of chemical and physical analyses in this field of research has not been performed. In addition to luminol test and Oxford histology index (OHI) reported in a recent paper, widely spread and accessible methods based on physical aspect and chemical characteristics of skeletal remains have been investigated as potential alternatives to dating by determination of (14)C...
March 22, 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397148/the-correct-diagnosis-and-therapeutic-management-of-tear-dysfunction-recommendations-of-the-p-i-c-a-s-s-o-board
#3
REVIEW
Maurizio Rolando, Emilia Cantera, Rita Mencucci, Pierangela Rubino, Pasquale Aragona
PURPOSE: To describe a standard approach to manage tear dysfunction (TD), in order to obtain a clinically favourable outcome. TD is a highly prevalent, yet largely underdiagnosed, condition that affects from 5 to 30% of the population above 50 years old. Left untreated, TD is associated with eye discomfort and ocular surface disease, substantially affecting quality of life. Although the prevalence of this problem is increasing significantly, a standard approach to its prevention and treatment is not available yet...
April 10, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392726/interpretation-of-eqa-results-and-eqa-based-trouble-shooting
#4
REVIEW
Gunn Berit Berge Kristensen, Piet Meijer
Important objectives of External Quality Assessment (EQA) is to detect analytical errors and make corrective actions. The aim of this paper is to describe knowledge required to interpret EQA results and present a structured approach on how to handle deviating EQA results. The value of EQA and how the EQA result should be interpreted depends on five key points: the control material, the target value, the number of replicates, the acceptance limits and between lot variations in reagents used in measurement procedures...
February 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368217/long-acting-insulin-allergy-in-a-diabetic-child
#5
Carla Mastrorilli, Laura Rizzuti, Antonina Marta Cangelosi, Brunella Iovane, Giovanni Chiari, Carlo Caffarelli
Insulin allergy has been uncommon since the introduction of human recombinant insulin preparations; the prevalence is 2.4%. Insulin injection could elicit immediate reactions, which are usually induced by an IgE-mediated mechanism, within the first hour after drug administration. In the present study, we describe the case of a child who experienced immediate urticaria after long-acting insulin injection. A 9-year-old girl affected by type I diabetes mellitus referred a history of three episodes of urticaria 30 min after insulin subcutaneous injection...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365669/letter-to-the-editor-a-review-of-aluminium-phosphide-poisoning-and-a-flowchart-to-treat-it-recommendation-for-a-revision
#6
Seyed Mostafa Mirakbari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298879/adherence-to-all-steps-of-a-pain-management-protocol-in-intensive-care-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-is-hard-to-achieve
#7
L van Gulik, S J G M Ahlers, P Bruins, D Tibboel, C A J Knibbe, M van Dijk
Purpose. To investigate adherence to our pain protocol considering analgesics administration, number and timing of pain assessments, and adjustment of analgesics upon unacceptably high (NRS ≥ 4) and low (NRS ≤ 1) pain scores. Material and Methods. The pain protocol for patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) after cardiac surgery consisted of automated prescriptions for paracetamol and morphine, automated reminders for pain assessments, a flowchart to guide interventions upon high and low pain scores, and reassessments after unacceptable pain...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275900/a-simple-classification-system-the-tree-flowchart-for-breast-mri-can-reduce-the-number-of-unnecessary-biopsies-in-mri-only-lesions
#8
Ramona Woitek, Claudio Spick, Melanie Schernthaner, Margaretha Rudas, Panagiotis Kapetas, Maria Bernathova, Julia Furtner, Katja Pinker, Thomas H Helbich, Pascal A T Baltzer
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether using the Tree flowchart obviates unnecessary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided biopsies in breast lesions only visible on MRI. METHODS: This retrospective IRB-approved study evaluated consecutive suspicious (BI-RADS 4) breast lesions only visible on MRI that were referred to our institution for MRI-guided biopsy. All lesions were evaluated according to the Tree flowchart for breast MRI by experienced readers. The Tree flowchart is a decision rule that assigns levels of suspicion to specific combinations of diagnostic criteria...
March 8, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273570/novel-geochemistry-inspired-method-for-the-deep-removal-of-vanadium-from-molybdate-solution
#9
Jialiang Zhang, Yuping Deng, Qiuyue Zhou, Peixin Qin, Yubo Liu, Chengyan Wang
Separation of vanadium from molybdates is an essential task for processing the leaching solution of hazardous spent hydrodesulphurization (HDS) catalyst. In this study, the difference in the main naturally occurring mineral forms of Mo and V inspired us to develop a method for the deep removal of V from molybdate solution using Fe3O4 as an adsorbent. First, the adsorbent was synthesized with coprecipitation method, and then it was characterized by XRD, TEM, and VSM. The synthesized material consisted of pure Fe3O4 nanoparticles that exhibited paramagnetic property, with a saturated magnetization of 68...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263703/supporting-return-to-work-through-appropriate-certification-a-systematic-approach-for-australian-primary-care
#10
Harry Papagoras, Tania Pizzari, Paul Coburn, Kevin Sleigh, Andrew M Briggs
Primary care practitioners play a critical role in supporting return to work (RTW) and minimising the detrimental physical and psychosocial sequelae of unnecessary and prolonged work absence in injured and ill workers. Accurate and consistent certification of capacity is an essential component of this role that has been scrutinised recently given the identified variation in certification practices between and within professions. This Perspective outlines the importance of correct certification of capacity for injured workers and provides a RTW flowchart to support systematised and appropriate certification...
March 7, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258904/a-simplified-approach-to-encephalitis-and-its-mimics-key-clinical-decision-points-in-the-setting-of-specific-imaging-abnormalities
#11
Colin D McKnight, Aine M Kelly, Myria Petrou, Anna E Nidecker, Matthew T Lorincz, Duaa K Altaee, Stephen S Gebarski, Bradley Foerster
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Infectious encephalitis is a relatively common cause of morbidity and mortality. Treatment of infectious encephalitis with antiviral medication can be highly effective when administered promptly. Clinical mimics of encephalitis arise from a broad range of pathologic processes, including toxic, metabolic, neoplastic, autoimmune, and cardiovascular etiologies. These mimics need to be rapidly differentiated from infectious encephalitis to appropriately manage the correct etiology; however, the many overlapping signs of these various entities present a challenge to accurate diagnosis...
February 28, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251383/diagnostic-strategy-for-inherited-hypomagnesemia
#12
Tomoko Horinouchi, Kandai Nozu, Naohiro Kamiyoshi, Koichi Kamei, Hiroko Togawa, Yuko Shima, Yoshimichi Urahama, Tomohiko Yamamura, Shogo Minamikawa, Keita Nakanishi, Junya Fujimura, Ichiro Morioka, Takeshi Ninchoji, Hiroshi Kaito, Koichi Nakanishi, Kazumoto Iijima
BACKGROUND: Hereditary hypomagnesemia is difficult to diagnose accurately because of its rarity and the variety of causative genes. We established a flowchart for identifying responsible genes for hypomagnesemia, and we confirmed its diagnostic efficacy in patients with suspected inherited hypomagnesemia. METHODS: We established a flowchart and applied it to five index cases with suspected inherited hypomagnesemia. Direct sequence analysis was used to detect the causative gene variants in four cases, and targeted sequencing analysis using next-generation sequencing (NGS) of all causative genes for hypomagnesemia was used in one...
March 1, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158575/a-flowchart-for-building-evidence-based-care-bundles-in-intensive-care-based-on-a-systematic-review
#13
Marjon Borgert, Jan Binnekade, Frederique Paulus, Astrid Goossens, Dave Dongelmans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154827/influence-of-rotation-increments-on-imaging-performance-for-a-rotatory-dual-head-pet-system
#14
Fanzhen Meng, Xu Cao, Xuezhou Cao, Jianxun Wang, Liang Li, Xueli Chen, Shouping Zhu, Jimin Liang
For a rotatory dual-head positron emission tomography (PET) system, how to determine the rotation increments is an open problem. In this study, we simulated the characteristics of a rotatory dual-head PET system. The influences of different rotation increments were compared and analyzed. Based on this simulation, the imaging performance of a prototype system was verified. A reconstruction flowchart was proposed based on a precalculated system response matrix (SRM). The SRM made the relationships between the voxels and lines of response (LORs) fixed; therefore, we added the interpolation method into the flowchart...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151987/validity-of-the-manchester-triage-system-in-emergency-care-a-prospective-observational-study
#15
Joany M Zachariasse, Nienke Seiger, Pleunie P M Rood, Claudio F Alves, Paulo Freitas, Frank J Smit, Gert R Roukema, Henriëtte A Moll
OBJECTIVES: To determine the validity of the Manchester Triage System (MTS) in emergency care for the general population of patients attending the emergency department, for children and elderly, and for commonly used MTS flowcharts and discriminators across three different emergency care settings. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study in three European emergency departments. All consecutive patients attending the emergency department during a 1-year study period (2010-2012) were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133026/-treatment-using-self-expandable-metal-stent-for-ileus-associated-with-colorectal-cancer-in-our-hospital
#16
Shunsuke Imanishi, Kazuma Yamazaki, Toshihide Komatsubara, Masaaki Kodama, Satoru Kondo
From September 2013 to February 2015, 14 patients with ileus associated with colorectal cancer underwent surgeryafter applying a self-expandable metal stent in our department. Twelve were left-side colon ileus patients and 2 were right-side colon ileus patients. The technical success rate of the stent insertion was 100%. One patient experienced complications(stent occlusion). All patients were able to eat, and 9 of them were able to leave the hospital temporarilybefore the operation. All patients with left-side colon ileus had their oral-side intestine evaluated before the operation...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126973/-neuronal-intranuclear-inclusion-disease
#17
Jun Sone, Gen Sobue
Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID) is a gradually progressing neurodegenerative disease characterized by eosinophilic hyaline intranuclear inclusions in the central and peripheral nervous systems and in certain visceral organs. The number of reported cases of NIID has recently increased after the introduction of skin biopsy for the diagnosis of NIID. Patients with sporadic NIID usually present with dementia, elevation of overall protein levels in the cerebrospinal fluid, leukoencephalopathy on head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and high signal intensity in the corticomedurally junction on a diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging...
January 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113314/weakly-supervised-multimodal-kernel-for-categorizing-aerial-photographs
#18
Yingjie Xia, Luming Zhang, Zhenguang Liu, Liqiang Nie, Xuelong Li
Accurately distinguishing aerial photographs from different categories is a promising technique in computer vision. It can facilitate a series of applications such as video surveillance and vehicle navigation. In the paper, a new image kernel is proposed for effectively recognizing aerial photographs. The key is to encode high-level semantic cues into local image patches in a weakly-supervised way, and integrate multimodal visual features using a newly-developed hashing algorithm. The flowchart can be elaborated as follows...
December 14, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099898/the-best-strategy-for-hcc-patients-at-each-bclc-stage-a-network-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#19
REVIEW
Lei Chang, Yitao Wang, Jibo Zhang, Tao Guo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Currently, the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging system remains huge controversies in the management of hepatocellular carcinoma. To determine the best therapeutic strategy for patients at each stage, we conducted a network meta-analysis and aimed to provide a new treatment concept. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library database were searched for observational studies up to August 31, 2016. We extracted data on overall survival rate from studies that compared various strategies for use with patients at different stages...
March 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076549/training-of-pharmacy-technicians-for-dispensing-drugs-in-primary-health-care
#20
Daniela Oliveira de Melo, Caroline Godoi Rezende da Costa Molino, Eliane Ribeiro, Nicolina Silvana Romano-Lieber
Few Brazilian articles discuss the importance of pharmacy technicians who offer direct assistance to patients. This paper describes an experience of the training of pharmacy technicians in drug dispensing. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in the primary healthcare setting. The technicians were trained by the pharmacist to advise patients at the time of drug dispensing and to screen cases that needed pharmaceutical consultation. Problems were identified by verifying the prescription and return date for dispensing the medication as well as through direct questioning of the patients...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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