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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107113/the-relationship-between-pitching-mechanics-and-injury
#1
Peter N Chalmers, Markus A Wimmer, Nikhil N Verma, Brian J Cole, Anthony A Romeo, Gregory L Cvetanovich, Michael L Pearl
CONTEXT: The overhand pitch is one of the fastest known human motions and places enormous forces and torques on the upper extremity. Shoulder and elbow pain and injury are common in high-level pitchers. A large body of research has been conducted to understand the pitching motion. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed to gain a full understanding of all currently available biomechanical and clinical evidence surrounding pitching motion analysis...
January 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105528/cost-effectiveness-in-global-surgery-pearls-pitfalls-and-a-checklist
#2
REVIEW
Mark G Shrime, Blake C Alkire, Caris Grimes, Tiffany E Chao, Dan Poenaru, Stéphane Verguet
INTRODUCTION: Cost-effectiveness analysis can be a powerful policy-making tool. In the two decades since the first cost-effectiveness analyses in global surgery, the methodology has established the cost-effectiveness of many types of surgery in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, with the crescendo of cost-effectiveness analyses in global surgery has come vast disparities in methodology, with only 15% of studies adhering to published guidelines. This has led to results that have varied up to 150-fold...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103531/characterization-of-transcriptome-and-identification-of-biomineralization-genes-in-winged-pearl-oyster-pteria-penguin-mantle-tissue
#3
Haimei Li, Baosuo Liu, Guiju Huang, Sigang Fan, Bo Zhang, Jiaqi Su, Dahui Yu
The winged pearl oyster Pteria penguin is a commercially important marine pearl oyster species, with pearls that are quite different from those of other pearl oysters. Among such species, mantle tissue is the main organ responsible for shell and pearl formation, a biomineralization process that is regulated by a series of genes, most of which remain unknown. In this study, we sequenced and characterized the transcriptome of P. penguin mantle tissue using the HiSeq 2000 sequencing platform. A total of 93,204 unique transcripts were assembled from 51,580,076 quality reads, with a mean length of 608bp, and 40,974 unigenes were annotated...
January 8, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103265/rabbit-model-of-human-gliomas-implications-for-intra-arterial-drug-delivery
#4
Huamin Qin, Miroslaw Janowski, Monica S Pearl, Izabela Malysz-Cymborska, Shen Li, Charles G Eberhart, Piotr Walczak
The prognosis for malignant brain tumors remains poor despite a combination of surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. This is partly due to the blood-brain barrier, a major obstacle that prevents therapeutic agents from effectively reaching the tumor. We have recently developed a method for precise and predictable opening of the blood-brain barrier via the intra-arterial administration of mannitol, a hyperosmolar agent, in a rabbit model, whose vascular anatomy facilitates the use of standard interventional neuroradiology techniques and devices...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101161/clinical-effect-of-hydrocolloid-dressings-in-prevention-and-treatment-of-infant-diaper-rash
#5
Xiao-Ping Qiao, Yan-Zhen Ge
The aim of the study was to investigate the application of hydrocolloid dressings in the prevention and treatment of infant diaper rash. A total of 210 infants with diaper rash were included in the study and randomized into 3 groups of 70 infants. Infants in group A received hydrocolloid dressings and individualized nursing; infants in group B received mupirocin plaster and topical application of pearl powder as well as routine nursing; and infants in group C received zinc oxide plaster and routine nursing...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100417/long-range-and-regional-transported-size-resolved-atmospheric-aerosols-during-summertime-in-urban-shanghai
#6
Xiaoxiao Ding, Lingdong Kong, Chengtian Du, Assiya Zhanzakova, Lin Wang, Hongbo Fu, Jianmin Chen, Xin Yang, Tiantao Cheng
In this study, the concentrations of water soluble ions (WSI), organic carbon (OC), and elemental carbon (EC) of size-resolved (0.056-18μm) atmospheric aerosols were measured in July and August 2015 in Shanghai, China. Backward trajectory model and potential source contribution function (PSCF) model were used to identify the potential source distributions of size-resolved particles and PM1.8-associated atmospheric inorganic and carbonaceous aerosols. The results showed that the average mass concentrations of PM0...
January 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100251/consensus-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-aromatic-l-amino-acid-decarboxylase-aadc-deficiency
#7
REVIEW
Tessa Wassenberg, Marta Molero-Luis, Kathrin Jeltsch, Georg F Hoffmann, Birgit Assmann, Nenad Blau, Angeles Garcia-Cazorla, Rafael Artuch, Roser Pons, Toni S Pearson, Vincenco Leuzzi, Mario Mastrangelo, Phillip L Pearl, Wang Tso Lee, Manju A Kurian, Simon Heales, Lisa Flint, Marcel Verbeek, Michèl Willemsen, Thomas Opladen
Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency (AADCD) is a rare, autosomal recessive neurometabolic disorder that leads to a severe combined deficiency of serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine. Onset is early in life, and key clinical symptoms are hypotonia, movement disorders (oculogyric crisis, dystonia, and hypokinesia), developmental delay, and autonomic symptoms.In this consensus guideline, representatives of the International Working Group on Neurotransmitter Related Disorders (iNTD) and patient representatives evaluated all available evidence for diagnosis and treatment of AADCD and made recommendations using SIGN and GRADE methodology...
January 18, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098599/is-there-a-serm-in-your-menopause-toolkit
#8
James H Liu
Over the past 3 decades, compounds called selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) have been developed that block the estrogen receptor in some tissues (estrogen receptor antagonists) or stimulate the estrogen receptor in other tissues (estrogen receptor agonists). This Practice Pearl focuses on SERMs that clinicians can use for menopausal patients.
January 16, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097306/universal-trichloroacetic-acid-peel-technique-for-light-and-dark-skin
#9
Nabil Fanous, Shadi Zari
Importance: Despite their great potential, medium and deep trichloroacetic acid peels are underused in light-skinned patients and are rarely used in darker-skinned patients because of the widespread fear of pigmentary complications and scarring. This concern has led many physicians to opt for the use of lighter types of peels (glycolic acid peel, Jessner peel, etc) and different lasers and intense light technologies. Trichloroacetic acid peels have been described in numerous publications...
January 12, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092820/pcr-screening-of-an-african-fermented-pearl-millet-porridge-metagenome-to-investigate-the-nutritional-potential-of-its-microbiota
#10
Fabien Saubade, Christèle Humblot, Youna M Hemery, Jean-Pierre Guyot
Cereals are staple foods in most African countries, and many African cereal-based foods are spontaneously fermented. The nutritional quality of cereal products can be enhanced through fermentation, and traditional cereal-based fermented foods (CBFFs) are possible sources of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) with useful nutritional properties. The nutritional properties of LAB vary depending on the species and even on the strain, and the microbial composition of traditional CBFFs varies from one traditional production unit (TPU) to another...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089667/periprosthetic-fractures-of-the-distal-femur-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-plate-versus-nail-fixation
#11
REVIEW
Sara Shippee Wallace, Daniel Bechtold, Adam Sassoon
: The incidence of periprosthetic fractures about a TKA is increasing. Traditionally these fractures are classified by their location and prosthesis integrity. In the setting of a supracondyar fracture about a well-fixed prosthesis, both plate and nail fixation of the fracture present themselves as options, each with unique benefits and pitfalls. Through review and discussion of the literature, we aim to describe some of the patient, fracture, and implant related factors that should be considered when planning fixation of periprosthetic fractures about a TKA...
January 12, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086897/application-of-the-analytic-hierarchy-approach-to-the-risk-assessment-of-zika-virus-disease-transmission-in-guangdong-province-china
#12
Xing Li, Tao Liu, Lifeng Lin, Tie Song, Xiaolong Du, Hualiang Lin, Jianpeng Xiao, Jianfeng He, Liping Liu, Guanghu Zhu, Weilin Zeng, Lingchuan Guo, Zheng Cao, Wenjun Ma, Yonghui Zhang
BACKGROUND: An international spread of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection has attracted global attention in 2015. The infection also affected Guangdong province, which is located in southern China. Multiple factors, including frequent communication with South America and Southeast Asia, suitable climate (sub-tropical) for the habitat of Aedes species, may increase the risk of ZIKV disease transmission in this region. METHODS: An analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method was used to develop a semi-quantitative ZIKV risk assessment model...
January 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086751/quantifying-predictors-for-the-spatial-diffusion-of-avian-influenza-virus-in-china
#13
Lu Lu, Andrew J Leigh Brown, Samantha J Lycett
BACKGROUND: Avian influenza virus (AIV) causes both severe outbreaks and endemic disease among poultry and has caused sporadic human infections in Asia, furthermore the routes of transmission in avian species between geographic regions can be numerous and complex. Using nucleotide sequences from the internal protein coding segments of AIV, we performed a Bayesian phylogeographic study to uncover regional routes of transmission and factors predictive of the rate of viral diffusion within China...
January 13, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079115/kidney-stones
#14
Saeed R Khan, Margaret S Pearle, William G Robertson, Giovanni Gambaro, Benjamin K Canales, Steeve Doizi, Olivier Traxer, Hans-Göran Tiselius
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075564/spatio-temporal-trends-of-heavy-metals-in-indo-pacific-humpback-dolphins-sousa-chinensis-from-the-western-pearl-river-estuary-china
#15
Duan Gui, Riqing Yu, Leszek Karczmarski, Yulong Ding, Haifei Zhang, Yong Sun, Mei Zhang, Yuping Wu
We assessed the spatio-temporal trends of the concentrations of 11 heavy metals (HMs) in the liver and kidney of Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins (Sousa chinensis) from western Pearl River Estuary (PRE) during 2004-2015. The hepatic levels of Cr, As and Cu in these dolphins were among the highest reported for cetaceans globally, and the levels of Zn, Cu and Hg were sufficiently high to cause toxicological effects in some of the animals. Between same age-sex groups, dolphins from Lingdingyang were significantly more contaminated with Hg, Se and V than those from the West-four region, while the opposite was true for Cd...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073502/lethal-effects-of-ichthyotoxic-raphidophytes-chattonella-marina-c-antiqua-and-heterosigma-akashiwo-on-post-embryonic-stages-of-the-japanese-pearl-oyster-pinctada-fucata-martensii
#16
Leila Basti, Kiyohito Nagai, Jiyoji Go, Sho Okano, Tatsuya Oda, Yuji Tanaka, Satoshi Nagai
The inimical effects of the ichthyotoxic harmful algal bloom (HAB)-forming raphidophytes Heterosigma akashiwo, Chattonella marina, and Chattonella antiqua on the early-life stages of the Japanese pearl oyster Pinctada fucata martensii were studied. Fertilized eggs and developing embryos were not affected following exposure to the harmful raphidophytes; however, all three algal species severely affected trochophores and D-larvae, early-stage D-larvae, and late-stage pre-settling larvae. Exposure to C. marina (5×10(2)cellsml(-1)), C...
November 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073363/swept-away-ocean-currents-and-seascape-features-influence-genetic-structure-across-the-18-000-km-indo-pacific-distribution-of-a-marine-invertebrate-the-black-lip-pearl-oyster-pinctada-margaritifera
#17
Monal M Lal, Paul C Southgate, Dean R Jerry, Cyprien Bosserelle, Kyall R Zenger
BACKGROUND: Genetic structure in many widely-distributed broadcast spawning marine invertebrates remains poorly understood, posing substantial challenges for their fishery management, conservation and aquaculture. Under the Core-Periphery Hypothesis (CPH), genetic diversity is expected to be highest at the centre of a species' distribution, progressively decreasing with increased differentiation towards outer range limits, as populations become increasingly isolated, fragmented and locally adapted...
January 10, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072647/tools-for-practical-psychotherapy-a-transtheoretical-collection-or-interventions-which-have-at-least-worked-for-us
#18
Joel Yager, Robert E Feinstein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Regardless of their historical and theoretical roots, strategies, tactics, and techniques used in everyday psychotherapy across diverse theoretical schools contain common factors and methods from other specific psychotherapeutic modalities that contribute substantially to psychotherapy outcomes. Common factors include alliance, empathy, goal consensus/collaboration, positive regard/affirmation, and congruence/genuineness, among others. All therapies also recognize that factors specific to therapists impact treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069270/treatment-of-subcutaneous-abscesses-in-children-with-incision-and-loop-drainage-a-simplified-method-of-care
#19
Charles J Aprahamian, Hilana Nashad, Nerina DiSomma, Breanna Elger, Joseph Esparaz, Thomas McMorrow, Alexandria Shadid, Angie Kao, Mark J Holterman, Robert C Kanard, Richard H Pearl
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to expand on our previous report of 115 patients after more than a decade-long experience using incision and loop drainage for pediatric subcutaneous abscess management. This report comprises the largest consecutive series of pediatric abscess patients from a single institution ever recorded. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of all pediatric patients who underwent incision and loop drainage of subcutaneous abscesses at our institution between January 2002 and December 2014...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067735/migraine-with-aura-or-sports-related-concussion-case-report-pathophysiology-and-multidisciplinary-approach-to-management
#20
Michael J Ellis, Dean Cordingley, Richard Girardin, Lesley Ritchie, Janine Johnston
The evaluation and management of athletes presenting with clinical features of migraine headache with aura in the setting of sports-related head trauma is challenging. We present a case report of a 15-yr-old boy with a history of migraine with visual aura that developed acute visual disturbance and headache after a head injury during an ice hockey game. The patient underwent comprehensive assessment at a multidisciplinary concussion program, including neuro-ophthalmological examination, neurocognitive testing, and graded aerobic treadmill testing...
January 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
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