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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642960/comment-on-teaching-metacognition-in-clinical-decision-making-using-a-novel-mnemonic-checklist-an-exploratory-study
#1
William Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641107/the-persistence-and-transience-of-memory
#2
REVIEW
Blake A Richards, Paul W Frankland
The predominant focus in the neurobiological study of memory has been on remembering (persistence). However, recent studies have considered the neurobiology of forgetting (transience). Here we draw parallels between neurobiological and computational mechanisms underlying transience. We propose that it is the interaction between persistence and transience that allows for intelligent decision-making in dynamic, noisy environments. Specifically, we argue that transience (1) enhances flexibility, by reducing the influence of outdated information on memory-guided decision-making, and (2) prevents overfitting to specific past events, thereby promoting generalization...
June 21, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638509/resident-experiences-with-implementation-of-the-i-pass-handoff-bundle
#3
Maitreya Coffey, Kelly Thomson, Shelly-Anne Li, Zia Bismilla, Amy J Starmer, Jennifer K O'Toole, Rebecca L Blankenburg, Glenn Rosenbluth, F Sessions Cole, Clifton E Yu, Jennifer H Hepps, Theodore C Sectish, Nancy D Spector, Rajendu Srivastava, April D Allen, Sanjay Mahant, Christopher P Landrigan
BACKGROUND: The I-PASS Handoff Study found that introduction of a handoff bundle (handoff and teamwork training for residents, a mnemonic, a handoff tool, a faculty development program, and a sustainability campaign) at 9 pediatrics residency programs was associated with improved communication and patient safety. OBJECTIVE: This parallel qualitative study aimed to understand resident experiences with I-PASS and to inform future implementation and sustainability strategies...
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629847/evidence-for-m2-muscarinic-receptor-modulation-of-axon-terminals-and-dendrites-in-the-rodent-basolateral-amygdala-an-ultrastructural-and-electrophysiological-analysis
#4
Ana Fajardo-Serrano, Lei Liu, David D Mott, Alexander J McDonald
The basolateral amygdala receives a very dense cholinergic innervation from the basal forebrain that is important for memory consolidation. Although behavioral studies have shown that both M1 and M2 muscarinic receptors are critical for these mnemonic functions, there have been very few neuroanatomical and electrophysiological investigations of the localization and function of different types of muscarinic receptors in the amygdala. In the present study we investigated the subcellular localization of M2 muscarinic receptors (M2Rs) in the anterior basolateral nucleus (BLa) of the mouse, including the localization of M2Rs in parvalbumin (PV) immunoreactive interneurons, using double-labeling immunoelectron microscopy...
June 16, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627292/mood-dependent-retrieval-in-visual-long-term-memory-dissociable-effects-on-retrieval-probability-and-mnemonic-precision
#5
Weizhen Xie, Weiwei Zhang
Although memories are more retrievable if observers' emotional states are consistent between encoding and retrieval, it is unclear whether the consistency of emotional states increases the likelihood of successful memory retrieval, the precision of retrieved memories, or both. The present study tested visual long-term memory for everyday objects while consistent or inconsistent emotional contexts between encoding and retrieval were induced using background grey-scale images from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS)...
June 18, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622737/a-mnemonic-for-pharmacists-to-ensure-optimal-monitoring-and-safety-of-total-parenteral-nutrition-i-am-full
#6
Chris J Bohl, Ann Parks
OBJECTIVE: To present a guideline-derived mnemonic that provides a systematic monitoring process to increase pharmacists' confidence in total parenteral nutrition (TPN) monitoring and improve safety and efficacy of TPN use. DATA SOURCES: The American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN) guidelines were reviewed. Additional resources included a literature search of PubMed (1980 to May 2016) using the search terms: total parenteral nutrition, mnemonic, indications, allergy, macronutrients, micronutrients, fluid, comorbidities, labs, peripheral line, and central line...
July 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615826/mnemonics-for-gillies-principles-of-plastic-surgery-and-it-importance-in-residency-training-programme
#7
Sandhya Pandey, Ravi Kumar Chittoria, Devi Prasad Mohapatra, M T Friji, Dinesh Kumar Sivakumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605513/a-quadrantic-bias-in-prefrontal-representation-of-visual-mnemonic-space
#8
Matthew L Leavitt, Florian Pieper, Adam J Sachs, Julio C Martinez-Trujillo
Single neurons in primate dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dLPFC) are known to encode working memory (WM) representations of visual space. Psychophysical studies have shown that the horizontal and vertical meridians of the visual field can bias spatial information maintained in WM. However, most studies and models have tacitly assumed that dLPFC neurons represent mnemonic space homogenously. The anatomical organization of these representations has also eluded clear parametric description. We investigated these issues by recording from neuronal ensembles in macaque dLPFC with microelectrode arrays while subjects performed an oculomotor delayed-response task...
June 9, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604013/improving-self-regulated-learning-with-a-retrieval-practice-intervention
#9
Robert Ariel, Jeffrey D Karpicke
Repeated retrieval practice is a powerful learning tool for promoting long-term retention, but students use this tool ineffectively when regulating their learning. The current experiments evaluated the efficacy of a minimal intervention aimed at improving students' self-regulated use of repeated retrieval practice. Across 2 experiments, students made decisions about when to study, engage in retrieval practice, or stop learning a set of foreign language word pairs. Some students received direct instruction about how to use repeated retrieval practice...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602364/diagnosis-and-management-of-heart-failure-in-older-adults
#10
REVIEW
Gurusher Panjrath, Ali Ahmed
Aging is characterized by heterogeneity, both in health and illness. Older adults with heart failure often have preserved ejection fraction and atypical and delayed clinical manifestations. After diagnosis of heart failure is established, a cause should be sought. The patient's comorbidities may provide clues. An elevated jugular venous pressure is the most reliable clinical sign of fluid volume overload and should be carefully evaluated. Left ventricular ejection fraction must be determined to assess prognosis and guide therapy...
July 2017: Heart Failure Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596922/noradrenergic-modulation-of-cognition-in-health-and-disease
#11
REVIEW
Olga Borodovitsyna, Matthew Flamini, Daniel Chandler
Norepinephrine released by the locus coeruleus modulates cellular processes and synaptic transmission in the central nervous system through its actions at a number of pre- and postsynaptic receptors. This transmitter system facilitates sensory signal detection and promotes waking and arousal, processes which are necessary for navigating a complex and dynamic sensory environment. In addition to its effects on sensory processing and waking behavior, norepinephrine is now recognized as a contributor to various aspects of cognition, including attention, behavioral flexibility, working memory, and long-term mnemonic processes...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594190/mnemonic-transmission-social-contagion-and-emergence-of-collective-memory-influence-of-emotional-valence-group-structure-and-information-distribution
#12
Hae-Yoon Choi, Elizabeth A Kensinger, Suparna Rajaram
Social transmission of memory and its consequence on collective memory have generated enduring interdisciplinary interest because of their widespread significance in interpersonal, sociocultural, and political arenas. We tested the influence of 3 key factors-emotional salience of information, group structure, and information distribution-on mnemonic transmission, social contagion, and collective memory. Participants individually studied emotionally salient (negative or positive) and nonemotional (neutral) picture-word pairs that were completely shared, partially shared, or unshared within participant triads, and then completed 3 consecutive recalls in 1 of 3 conditions: individual-individual-individual (control), collaborative-collaborative (identical group; insular structure)-individual, and collaborative-collaborative (reconfigured group; diverse structure)-individual...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585664/identification-and-treatment-of-adolescents-with-perinatal-anxiety-and-depression
#13
Linda Paine Hughes, Tammy Austin-Ketch, Ellen M Volpe, Nancy Campbell-Heider
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMAD) are the most common, yet under-diagnosed and undertreated complication of pregnancy, affecting up to 50% of pregnant and parenting teens. PMAD are a global health issue that can have devastating effects on the mental, physical, emotional, developmental health, and social life of the mother, infant, and family. Adolescents present with similar symptoms of PMAD as their adult counterparts, but also experience isolation from their peer group and lack of resources and coping strategies, as well as difficulty sleeping and lack of concentration and ability to focus...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575476/depressive-symptoms-as-a-predictor-of-memory-complaints-in-the-prism-sample
#14
Jong-Sung Yoon, Neil Charness, Walter R Boot, Sara J Czaja, Wendy A Rogers
Objectives: The current study investigated baseline and longitudinal relationships between memory complaints, depressive symptoms, and cognition in older adults. Method: Using the sample from the Personal Reminder Information and Social Management trial, we generated path models predicting self-rated memory complaints measured by the Memory Functioning Questionnaire (MFQ). Results: Our baseline models showed that more depressive symptoms were associated with reporting more frequent forgetting incidents and a greater decline in memory function...
June 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569756/neuronal-population-coding-of-perceived-and-memorized-visual-features-in-the-lateral-prefrontal-cortex
#15
Diego Mendoza-Halliday, Julio C Martinez-Trujillo
The primate lateral prefrontal cortex (LPFC) encodes visual stimulus features while they are perceived and while they are maintained in working memory. However, it remains unclear whether perceived and memorized features are encoded by the same or different neurons and population activity patterns. Here we record LPFC neuronal activity while monkeys perceive the motion direction of a stimulus that remains visually available, or memorize the direction if the stimulus disappears. We find neurons with a wide variety of combinations of coding strength for perceived and memorized directions: some neurons encode both to similar degrees while others preferentially or exclusively encode either one...
June 1, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569529/age-differences-in-coupling-of-intraindividual-variability-in-mnemonic-strategies-and-practice-related-associative-recall-improvements
#16
Christopher Hertzog, Martin Lövdén, Ulman Lindenberger, Florian Schmiedek
The importance of encoding strategies for associative recall is well established, but there have been no studies of aging and intraindividual variability (IAV) in strategy use during extended practice. We observed strategy use and cued-recall test performance over 101 days of practice in 101 younger adults (M = 25.6 years) and 103 older adults (M = 71.3 years) sandwiched by a pretest and posttest battery including an associative recall test. Each practice session included 2 lists of 12 number-noun paired-associate (PA) items (e...
June 1, 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566662/practical-management-of-deep-cutaneous-fungal-infections
#17
Tomotaka Sato
Understanding deep cutaneous fungal infection requires not only reading many case reports and checking the typical clinical images of skin lesions, but also managing the patients properly to prevent misdiagnosis. Herein, I review my recent experiences with eight typical cases of deep cutaneous infections (including protothecosis and nocardiosis) in Japan. It is very important to do the four management processes; namely, KOH direct microscopic examination, skin biopsy, fungal culture, and microscopic examination of the histopathological specimen of PAS and Grocott staining...
2017: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566003/memory-and-executive-functions-correlates-of-self-awareness-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Nicolle Zimmermann, Daniel C Mograbi, Andressa Hermes-Pereira, Rochele P Fonseca, George P Prigatano
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the contribution of executive functions (EF) components and episodic and working memory variables, as well as clinical and demographic factors, to awareness of cognitive ability in traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Sixty-five TBI patients (mild: n = 26; moderate/severe: n = 39) took part in the study. Independent stepwise regression models were calculated for EF and memory predictors, with awareness being measured by patient/informant discrepancy in the Patient Competency Rating Scale...
July 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559378/parallel-regulation-of-memory-and-emotion-supports-the-suppression-of-intrusive-memories
#19
Pierre Gagnepain, Justin Hulbert, Michael C Anderson
Intrusive memories often take the form of distressing images that emerge into a person's awareness, unbidden. A fundamental goal of clinical neuroscience is to understand the mechanisms allowing people to control these memory intrusions and reduce their emotional impact. Mnemonic control engages a right fronto-parietal network that interrupts episodic retrieval by modulating hippocampal activity; less is known, however, about how this mechanism contributes to affect regulation. Here we report evidence in humans (males and females) that stopping episodic retrieval to suppress an unpleasant image triggers parallel inhibition of mnemonic and emotional content...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559190/occipital-parietal-and-frontal-cortices-selectively-maintain-task-relevant-features-of-multi-feature-objects-in-visual-working-memory
#20
Qing Yu, Won Mok Shim
Previous studies have shown that information held in visual working memory is represented in the occipital, parietal, and frontal cortices. However, less is known about whether the mnemonic information of multi-feature objects is modulated by task demand in the parietal and frontal regions. To address this question, we asked participants to remember either color or orientation of one of the two colored gratings for a delay. Using fMRI and an inverted encoding model, we reconstructed population-level, feature-selective responses in the occipital, parietal and frontal cortices during memory maintenance...
May 27, 2017: NeuroImage
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