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Wisconsin card sorting test

Douglas M Whiteside, Kristen Caraher, Amanda Hahn-Ketter, Owen Gaasedelen, Michael R Basso
The development of more sophisticated performance validity measures is important due to concerns with coaching as well as providing clinicians with a greater variety of options when assessing performance validity. Examinees with noncredible performance may find it more difficult to elude detection by PVTs derived from arithmetical summation or logistic regression. The present study evaluated the classification accuracy of several executive functioning (EF) variables as PVTs both individually and when combined into derived variables...
March 9, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Akemi Miyata, Kunihiro Iwamoto, Naoko Kawano, Branko Aleksic, Masahiko Ando, Kazutoshi Ebe, Kiyoshi Fujita, Motonori Yokoyama, Tsuyoshi Akiyama, Yoshio Igarashi, Norio Ozaki
AIM: Although the effects of psychotropics on driving ability have received much attention, little research is available on driving performance of stable outpatients with depression undergoing real-world treatment. This observational study investigated driving performance, cognitive functions and depressive symptomatology of (partly)remitted outpatients with depression under daily-practice psycho-pharmacological treatment. METHODS: Seventy stable outpatients with depression and 67 healthy volunteers were enrolled...
February 27, 2018: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Chun-Hong Liu, Cun-Zhi Liu, Xue-Qi Zhu, Ji-Liang Fang, Shun-Li Lu, Li-Rong Tang, Chuan-Yue Wang, Qing-Quan Liu
Insomnia is characterized by sensory hypersensitivity and cognitive impairments. Recent work has identified the insula as a central brain region involved in both bottom-up gating of sensory information and top-down cognitive control. However, the specific relationships between insular subregion connectivity and emotional and cognitive functions remain unclear. In this study, resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data were obtained from 25 healthy participants with sleep complaints (HPS) and 25 age-, gender- and educational level-matched healthy participants without insomnia complaints (HP)...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Fuhong Li, Jing Wang, Bin Du, Bihua Cao
Feedback has two main components. One is valence that indicates the wrong or correct behavior, and the other is the informative value that refers to what we can learn from feedback. Aimed to explore the neural distinction of these two components, we provided participants with a segmented Wisconsin Card Sorting Task, in which they received either positive or negative feedback at different steps. The informative value was manipulated in terms of the order of feedback presentation. The results of event-related potentials time-locked to the feedback presentation confirmed that valence of feedback was processed in a broad epoch, especially in the time window of feedback-related negativity (FRN), reflecting detection of correct or wrong card sorting behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Hatem Hamed Elshorbagy, Naglaa Fathy Barseem, Waleed Elsayed Abdelghani, Hany Abdelaziz Ibrahim Suliman, Ashraf Hamed Al-Shokary, Sameh Elsayed Abdulsamea, Akram Elshafey Elsadek, Yehia Hamed Abdel Maksoud, Dalia Mohamed Abd El-Hassib Nour El Din
BACKGROUND: The role of nutrients and dietary factors in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to evaluate the serum vitamin D level in children with a diagnosis of ADHD. The secondary objective was to detect the effect of vitamin D supplementation on cognitive function in those with vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: A total of 50 children with ADHD and 40 healthy controls were included in the study...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Wei Hung Chang, I Hui Lee, Mei Hung Chi, Shih-Hsien Lin, Kao Chin Chen, Po See Chen, Nan Tsing Chiu, Wei Jen Yao, Yen Kuang Yang
Top-down regulation in the human brain and anatomical connections between the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and specific catecholamine-related regions have been well-studied. However, the way in which the PFC modulates downstream neuro-networks in terms of serotonin and the autonomic nervous system (ANS) by variation in the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is still unclear. We recruited sixty-seven healthy subjects. Serotonin transporter (SERT) availability was examined by SPECT with [ 123 I]ADAM analysis; heart rate variability (HRV) testing was performed, and the BDNF level was measured...
February 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
A Mani, E Chohedri, P Ravanfar, A Mowla, A Nikseresht
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive impairment occurs in 40%-65% of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Several techniques for cognitive rehabilitation (CR) in these patients have been evaluated; however, the results have been controversial. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of group compensatory CR in patients with MS-related cognitive impairment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four female patients with diagnosed relapsing-remitting MS and evidence of impaired cognitive function were included and randomized to intervention (n = 17) and control (n = 17) groups...
February 7, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Shu-Yu Kuo, Yu-Ting Chen, Yu-Kai Chang, Pi-Hsia Lee, Mei-Ju Liu, Su-Ru Chen
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the executive function and learning attention in children with internet addiction (IA). DESIGN AND METHODS: Children aged 10-12 were screened by Chinese Internet Addiction Scale to compose the IA group and internet nonaddiction group. Their executive functions were evaluated by Stroop color and word test, Wisconsin card sorting test, and Wechsler digit span test. Learning attention was evaluated by Chinese concentration questionnaire...
January 31, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Emel Kurt, Erol Yildirim, Volkan Topçuoğlu
Introduction: Patients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) have impaired cognitive functions, including attention, verbal and visual memory, and visual-spatial abilities as well as executive function But some studies did not show any disturbance in executive function of patients with OCD. To date, only few studies have been conducted on neuropsychological functioning of patients with panic disorder (PD). There are limited studies to reach a definite conclusion on executive functions of patients with OCD and those with PD...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
Justina F Avila, Steven P Verney, Kaitlyn Kauzor, Amina Flowers, Maryam Mehradfar, Jill Razani
As the Farsi-speaking Iranian population continues to grow in the United States, examination of their cognitive performance is an imperative first step to providing this group with culturally competent services. Thirty-six healthy primarily Farsi-speaking Iranian adults completed Farsi-translated and adapted versions of three frequently used measures of executive/subcortical functioning: Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Trail Making Test (TMT), and Color Trails Test (CTT). Participants' performance on each measure was compared to published normative data resulting in 0-85% of cognitively and medically healthy individuals being classified as impaired depending on the executive/subcortical test score examined, with the highest impairment rates for specific WCST outcome scores...
January 9, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Huei-Ling Chiu, Pi-Tuan Chan, Ching-Chiu Kao, Hsin Chu, Pi-Chen Chang, Shu-Tai Sheen Hsiao, Doresses Liu, Wen-Chi Chang, Kuei-Ru Chou
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of executive function training on mental set shifting, working memory and inhibition for healthy older adults. BACKGROUND: Executive functions control and guide individuals' behaviors through a top-down cognitive model and have been regarded as the exhibition and integration of various high-level cognitive functions. However, prior studies have rarely focused on the subcomponent indicators of executive function, such as mental set shifting, working memory and inhibition in healthy older adults...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Je-Yeon Yun, Yoobin Choi, Yoonhee Kwon, Hwa Young Lee, Soo-Hee Choi, Joon Hwan Jang
Depressive mood and anxiety can reduce cognitive performance. Conversely, the presence of a biased cognitive tendency may serve as a trigger for depressive mood-anxiety. Previous studies have largely focused on group-wise correlations between clinical-neurocognitive variables. Using network analyses for intra-individual covariance, we sought to decipher the most influential clinical-neurocognitive hub in the differential severity of depressive-anxiety symptoms in a college population. Ninety college students were evaluated for depressive-anxiety symptoms, Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory-2(MMPI-2), and neuro-cognition...
December 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Leigh M Riby, Derek Lai Teik Ong, Nurulnadia Binti Mohamad Azmie, Ee Lyn Ooi, Caroline Regina, Eugene Ki Wai Yeo, Jacqueline Massa, Luca Aquili
Behavioral flexibility (BF) performance is influenced by both psychological and physiological factors. Recent evidence suggests that impulsivity and blood glucose can affect executive function, of which BF is a subdomain. Here, we hypothesized that impulsivity, fasting blood glucose (FBG), glucose changes (ie, glucoregulation) from postprandial blood glucose (PBG) following the intake of a 15-g glucose beverage could account for variability in BF performance. The Stroop Color-Word Test and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) were used as measures of BF, and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) to quantify participants' impulsivity...
December 2017: Nutrition Research
Caio Abujadi, Paul E Croarkin, Bianca B Bellini, Helena Brentani, Marco A Marcolin
OBJECTIVE: Theta-burst stimulation (TBS) modulates synaptic plasticity more efficiently than standard repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation delivery and may be a promising modality for neuropsychiatric disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). At present there are few effective interventions for prefrontal cortex dysfunction in ASD. We report on an open-label, pilot study of intermittent TBS (iTBS) to target executive function deficits and restricted, repetitive behaviors in male children and adolescents with ASD...
December 11, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Anna Bodnar, Janusz K Rybakowski
BACKGROUND: A number of studies in bipolar patients have shown a deficit in mentalization (theory of mind), one of the main aspects of social cognition. The aim of current study was to assess both cognitive and affective mentalization in well-defined groups of depressed and manic bipolar patients, compared to healthy control subjects, using a battery of tests measuring mentalization processes. The second aim was to investigate a possible relationship between cognitive and affective mentalization and cognitive functions in bipolar patients during a depressive and manic episode...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
Özge Metin, Ali Evren Tufan, Nagihan Cevher Binici, Özge Saraçlı, Adnan Atalay, Ayşegül Yolga Tahiroğlu
Prefrontal cortex in frontal lobe (FL) is the center of executive functions (EF). FL damage can lead to executive dysfunction by influencing frontal-subcortical circuits (dorsolateral, orbitofrontal, ventromedial). Damage to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) can lead to deterioration in EF, whereas damage to the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) can lead to personality changes with the characteristic of disinhibition and irritability. In addition, damage to the anterior cingulate cortex/medial prefrontal cortex (ACC/MPFC) can result in decreased spontaneity...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
Ikram Methqal, Basile Pinsard, Mahnoush Amiri, Maximiliano A Wilson, Oury Monchi, Jean-Sebastien Provost, Yves Joanette
Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the age-related brain activation changes during a word-matching semantic-category-based task, which required either repeating or changing a semantic rule to be applied. In order to do so, a word-semantic rule-based task was adapted from the Wisconsin Sorting Card Test, involving the repeated feedback-driven selection of given pairs of words based on semantic category-based criteria. Method: Forty healthy adults (20 younger and 20 older) performed a word-matching task while undergoing a fMRI scan in which they were required to pair a target word with another word from a group of three words...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Nicolas Persico, François Maltese, Cécile Ferrigno, Amandine Bablon, Cécile Marmillot, Laurent Papazian, Antoine Roch
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The relationship between tiredness and medical errors is now commonly accepted. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the cognitive performance of emergency physicians after a night shift of 14 hours (H14) and after a work shift of 24 hours (H24) and to compare it with tests performed after a rest night at home (H0). METHODS: Forty emergency physicians (19 staff physicians and 21 residents) were randomly evaluated at H0, H14, and H24. Four cognitive abilities (processing speed, working memory capacity, perceptual reasoning, and cognitive flexibility) were tested according to the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test...
November 23, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
K Allott, D Fraguas, C F Bartholomeusz, C M Díaz-Caneja, C Wannan, E M Parrish, G P Amminger, C Pantelis, C Arango, P D McGorry, M Rapado-Castro
BACKGROUND: Previous reviews suggest there is minimal evidence for an association between duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) and neurocognition. This is based on tallied findings of studies with small samples and neurocognition viewed as a single construct. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis examining the association between DUP and individual neurocognitive domains and tests in first-episode psychosis (FEP). METHOD: MOOSE and PRISMA guidelines were followed...
November 27, 2017: Psychological Medicine
Zhenhe Zhou, Dongjie Ni
Background: Panic disorder (PD) patients present impairments of working memory, decision-making, and executive function. However, whether the first-degree relatives (FDRs) of people with PD present abnormal characteristics, including clinical and neuropsychological aspects, in comparison to the general population, has not been studied. Investigation and understanding of the abnormal neuropsychological characteristics of the FDRs of people with PD will contribute to the prevention and treatment of PD...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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