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Wisconsin card sorting test

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217881/is-overestimation-of-body-size-associated-with-neuropsychological-weaknesses-in-anorexia-nervosa
#1
Maria Øverås, Hilde Kapstad, Cathrine Brunborg, Nils Inge Landrø, Øyvind Rø
BACKGROUND: Recent research indicates some evidence of neuropsychological weaknesses in visuospatial memory, central coherence and set-shifting in adults with anorexia nervosa (AN). The growing interest in neuropsychological functioning of patients with AN is based upon the assumption that neuropsychological weaknesses contribute to the clinical features of the illness. However, due to a paucity of research on the connection between neuropsychological difficulties and the clinical features of AN, this link remains hypothetical...
March 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192769/disorganization-at-the-stage-of-schizophrenia-clinical-outcome-clinical-biological-study
#2
A Nestsiarovich, V Obyedkov, H Kandratsenka, M Siniauskaya, I Goloenko, N Waszkiewicz
BACKGROUND: According to the multidimensional model of schizophrenia, three basic psychopathological dimensions constitute its clinical structure: positive symptoms, negative symptoms and disorganization. The latter one is the newest and the least studied. Our aim was to discriminate disorganization in schizophrenia clinical picture and to identify its distinctive biological and socio-psychological particularities and associated genetic and environmental factors. METHODS: We used SAPS/SANS psychometrical scales, scales for the assessment of patient's compliance, insight, social functioning, life quality...
December 30, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160748/resting-state-eeg-gamma-power-and-theta-gamma-coupling-enhancement-following-high-frequency-left-dorsolateral-prefrontal-rtms-in-patients-with-depression
#3
Yoshihiro Noda, Reza Zomorrodi, Takashi Saeki, Tarek K Rajji, Daniel M Blumberger, Zafiris J Daskalakis, Motoaki Nakamura
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate neuromodulatory effects of high-frequency left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on resting-state electroencephalography (EEG) and their clinical and cognitive correlates in patients with depression. METHODS: Thirty-one patients diagnosed with depression included in the present study. Resting-state gamma power and theta-gamma coupling (TGC) were calculated before and after a course of rTMS...
January 9, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139144/embedded-performance-validity-testing-in-neuropsychological-assessment-potential-clinical-tools
#4
Tyler A Rickards, Christopher C Cranston, Pegah Touradji, Kathleen T Bechtold
The article aims to suggest clinically-useful tools in neuropsychological assessment for efficient use of embedded measures of performance validity. To accomplish this, we integrated available validity-related and statistical research from the literature, consensus statements, and survey-based data from practicing neuropsychologists. We provide recommendations for use of 1) Cutoffs for embedded performance validity tests including Reliable Digit Span, California Verbal Learning Test (Second Edition) Forced Choice Recognition, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test Combination Score, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test Failure to Maintain Set, and the Finger Tapping Test; 2) Selecting number of performance validity measures to administer in an assessment; and 3) Hypothetical clinical decision-making models for use of performance validity testing in a neuropsychological assessment collectively considering behavior, patient reporting, and data indicating invalid or noncredible performance...
January 31, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117268/executive-functioning-of-sexually-compulsive-and-non-sexually-compulsive-men-before-and-after-watching-an-erotic-video
#5
Bruna Messina, Daniel Fuentes, Hermano Tavares, Carmita H N Abdo, Marco de T Scanavino
INTRODUCTION: Despite the serious behavioral consequences faced by individuals with sexual compulsivity, related neuropsychological studies are sparse. AIM: To compare decision making and cognitive flexibility at baseline and after exposure to an erotic video in sexually compulsive participants and non-sexually compulsive controls. METHODS: The sample consisted of 30 sexually compulsive men and 30 controls. Cognitive flexibility was investigated through the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and decision making was examined through the Iowa Gambling Task...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107668/neurotrophins-role-in-depressive-symptoms-and-executive-function-performance-association-analysis-of-nrn1-gene-and-its-interaction-with-bdnf-gene-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#6
C Prats, B Arias, G Ortet, M I Ibáñez, J Moya, E Pomarol-Clotet, L Fañanás, M Fatjó-Vilas
BACKGROUND: Neuritin-1 is a neurotrophic factor involved in synaptic plasticity that has been associated with depressive disorders, schizophrenia and cognitive performance. The study of genotype-phenotype relationships in healthy individuals is a useful framework to investigate the etiology of brain dysfunctions. We therefore aimed to investigate in a non-clinical sample whether NRN1 gene contributes to the psychopathological profile, with a particular focus on the clinical dimensions previously related to the NRN1 gene (i...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096678/risperidone-improves-interpersonal-perception-and-executive-function-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#7
Zhenhe Zhou, Yuanyuan Zhu, Jun Wang, Hongmei Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether risperidone improves social cognitive impairments and executive dysfunction in people with schizophrenia. METHODS: Fifty-six patients who met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia were allocated to a risperidone treatment group (RTG, n=28) and a typical antipsychotic treatment group (TATG, n=28). Twenty-eight healthy volunteers were recruited as the normal control group (NCG)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089694/affective-and-cognitive-correlates-of-ptsd-electrocortical-processing-of-threat-and-perseverative-errors-on-the-wcst-in-combat-related-ptsd
#8
Julia A DiGangi, Autumn Kujawa, Darrin M Aase, Joseph M Babione, Christopher Schroth, David M Levy, Amy E Kennedy, Justin E Greenstein, Eric Proescher, Robert Walters, Holly Passi, Scott A Langenecker, K Luan Phan
PTSD is characterized by both affective and cognitive dysfunction. Affectively, PTSD is associated with both heightened emotional reactivity and disengagement. Cognitively, perseverative thinking is a core feature of the disorder. In order to assess the interactive effects of affective and cognitive correlates of PTSD symptoms, 47 OEF/OIF/OND veterans completed an emotional faces matching task while EEG (i.e., late positive potential; LPP) was recorded, and separately completed the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) to assess perseverative errors...
January 13, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077120/altered-fractional-amplitude-of-low-frequency-fluctuation-associated-with-cognitive-dysfunction-in-first-episode-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-major-depressive-disorder-patients
#9
Manli Huang, Shaojia Lu, Liang Yu, Lingjiang Li, Peng Zhang, Jianbo Hu, Weihua Zhou, Shaohua Hu, Ning Wei, Jinwen Huang, Jian Weng, Yi Xu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that abnormities of both resting-state brain activity and cognitive dysfunction are frequently observed in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the underlying relationship between these two aspects is less investigated. In this context, the aim of the present study was to investigate the association between cognitive dysfunction and altered resting-state brain function in first-episode drug-naïve MDD patients. METHODS: Twenty-five drug-naïve MDD patients and twenty-six age-, sex-, and education-matched normal controls were recruited in this study...
January 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065522/perfluoroalkyl-substances-thyroid-hormones-and-neuropsychological-status-in-older-adults
#10
Srishti Shrestha, Michael S Bloom, Recai Yucel, Richard F Seegal, Robert Rej, Robert J McCaffrey, Qian Wu, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Edward F Fitzgerald
Minimal data exist regarding the neurotoxicity of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in aging populations and the possible mediating effects of thyroid hormones (THs). Hence, the aims of this study were to: (i) assess associations between PFASs and neuropsychological function, and (ii) determine if such associations are mediated by changes in circulating THs in an aging population. We measured perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), total thyroxine (T4) and free thyroxine (fT4) in serum and performed neuropsychological tests in 157 men and women aged 55-74 years and living in upper Hudson River communities...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049367/sensitivity-of-the-wisconsin-card-sorting-test-64-card-version-versus-the-tower-of-london-drexel-version-for-detecting-executive-dysfunction-in-children-with-epilepsy
#11
William S MacAllister, Moshe Maiman, Megan Marsh, Lindsay Whitman, Marsha Vasserman, Robyn J Cohen, Christine M Salinas
Executive function deficits are common in children and adolescents with epilepsy. Though the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST) is often considered the "gold standard" for executive function assessment, its sensitivity-particularly in the case of the 64-card version (WCST-64)-is insufficiently established in pediatric samples, including children and adolescents with epilepsy. The present investigation assesses the sensitivity of the WCST-64 in children and adolescents with epilepsy in comparison to another measure: the Tower of London - Drexel Version (TOL-DX)...
January 3, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038438/executive-function-and-genetic-loading-in-nonpsychotic-relatives-of-schizophrenia-patients
#12
Erkan Aydın, Mine Cansu Ülgen, Abdülkadir Tabo, Özlem Devrim Balaban, Sema Yeşilyurt, Hüseyin Yumrukçal
Executive functions meet the "endophenotype candidate" criteria in neuropsychological measures for schizophrenic patients. To determine which area of executive functioning has the greatest value in differentiating the so called "candidate endophenotype" of schizophrenia through comparing the effect sizes of four commonly used executive function tests. A Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, a Stroop Test, a Trail Making Test and a Verbal Fluency Test were used to evaluate executive function in two study groups: healthy relatives of schizophrenia patients from simplex and multiplex families and a healthy control group...
December 21, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009785/active-workstations-do-not-impair-executive-function-in-young-and-middle-age-adults
#13
Peter J Ehmann, Christopher J Brush, Ryan L Olson, Shivang N Bhatt, Andrea H Banu, Brandon L Alderman
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of self-selected low-intensity walking on an active workstation on executive functions in young and middle-aged adults. METHODS: Using a within-subjects design, 32 young (20.6 ± 2.0 yr) and 26 middle-aged (45.6 ± 11.8 yr) adults performed low-intensity treadmill walking and seated control conditions in randomized order on separate days, while completing an executive function test battery. Executive functions (EFs) were assessed using modified versions of the Stroop (inhibition), Sternberg (working memory), Wisconsin Card Sorting (cognitive flexibility), and Tower of London (global EF) cognitive tasks...
December 22, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007464/proneness-to-aggression-and-its-inhibition-in-schizophrenia-interconnections-between-personality-traits-cognitive-function-and-emotional-processing
#14
Menahem I Krakowski, Pal Czobor
OBJECTIVE: Research on aggression in schizophrenia has focused on narrowly defined deficits, while ignoring interconnections among these impairments which provide better explanatory power. Our goal was to investigate interrelations among impairments in important domains related to aggression: personality traits, including psychopathy and impulsivity, cognition and processing of emotions. METHOD: 34 healthy controls, 37 high aggression (HAG) and 31 low aggression (LAG) patients with schizophrenia participated...
December 19, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005043/-the-changes-in-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-epilepsy-during-the-disease-course-on-example-of-executive-functions
#15
A A Zemlyanaya, V V Kalinin, E V Zheleznova, L V Sokolova
AIM: To identify the relationship between executive functions (EF), personality traits and clinical characteristics of disease course. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and five patients with partial epilepsy, including temporal lobe epilepsy (61%), lobe epilepsy (33%) and other forms (6%), were examined. Mean age of the patients was 30.24±8,67 years. EF were studied using the the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) in 25 out of 105 patients of the main group. The patients were followed-up after 5...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004481/multidimensional-cognitive-impairment-in-unipolar-and-bipolar-depression-and-the-moderator-effect-of-adverse-childhood-experiences
#16
Sara Poletti, Veronica Aggio, Silvia Brioschi, Sara Dallaspezia, Cristina Colombo, Francesco Benedetti
AIM: Studies have demonstrated neuropsychological deficits across a variety of cognitive domains in depression. These deficits are observable both in major depressive disorder (MDD) and in bipolar disorder (BD) and are present in each phase of the illness, including euthymia. Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) have been associated with an increased risk of developing psychiatric disorders and cognitive deficits. The aim of this study was to assess neuropsychological performances in a sample of MDD and BD patients during a depressive episode compared to healthy controls (HC) and, to investigate if ACE affect the cognitive profiles in the three groups...
December 22, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003570/correlations-between-cognitive-impairments-and-employment-status-in-patients-with-diffuse-axonal-injury
#17
Shin Hirota, Motoki Inaji, Tadashi Nariai, Mutsuya Hara, Masashi Tamaki, Taketoshi Maehara, Hiroki Tomita, Osamu Tone
Patients with diffuse axonal injury (DAI) may initially present with prominent physical impairments, but their cognitive dysfunctions are more persistent and are attributable to later unemployment. In this study, we analyzed how the findings of early and delayed neuropsychological assessments correlated with employment outcome of patients with DAI. A total of 56 patients with DAI without motor or visual dysfunction were included in this study. The neuropsychological battery consisted of the Wechsler Adult Intelligent Scale - Revised (WAIS-R), Wechsler Memory Scale - Revised (WMS-R), Trail Making Test (TMT), Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), and Word Fluency Test (WFT)...
December 22, 2016: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978821/metabolic-syndrome-and-adverse-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#18
Ya-Mei Bai, Cheng-Ta Li, Shih-Jen Tsai, Pei-Chi Tu, Mu-Hong Chen, Tung-Ping Su
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is highly prevalent among patients with bipolar disorder. MetS may cause complications in the brain, but studies investigating MetS-associated clinical psychiatric outcomes remain scant. METHODS: We enrolled clinically stable outpatients with bipolar disorder aged 18-65 years and performed anthropometric and fasting biochemical assessments to investigate MetS prevalence. We then performed clinical assessments by using the Young Mania Rating Scale for manic symptoms, the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale for depressive symptoms, the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale for psychotic symptoms, the Involuntary Movement Scale for tardive dyskinesia, the Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale for akathisia, the Udvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser for general side effects, the Schedule for Assessment of Insight for insight, the Global Assessment of Functioning scale for global functioning, and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) for cognitive executive function...
December 15, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973723/influence-of-cognitive-function-on-quality-of-life-in-anorexia-nervosa-patients
#19
Sayo Hamatani, Masahito Tomotake, Tomoya Takeda, Naomi Kameoka, Masashi Kawabata, Hiroko Kubo, Yukio Tada, Yukiko Tomioka, Shinya Watanabe, Masatoshi Inoshita, Makoto Kinoshita, Masashi Ohta, Tetsuro Ohmori
AIM: The purpose of this study was to elucidate determinants of quality of life (QOL) in anorexia nervosa (AN) patients. METHODS: Twenty-one female patients with AN participated in the study. QOL was assessed with the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and cognitive function was evaluated using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test Keio version, the Rey Complex Figure Test, and the Social Cognition Screening Questionnaire. Clinical symptoms were evaluated with the Beck Depression Inventory-II, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Form JYZ (STAI-JYZ), and the Maudsley Obsessive Compulsive Inventory...
December 14, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936927/evaluating-semantic-metamemory-retrospective-confidence-judgements-on-the-information-subtest
#20
Ricki L Ladowsky-Brooks
The current research explored the potential value of adding a supplementary measure of metamemory to the Information subtest of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Third Edition (WAIS-III in Study 1) or Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV in Study 2) in order to assess its relationship to other neuropsychological measures and to brain injury. After completing the Information subtest, neuropsychological examinees were asked to make retrospective confidence judgements (RCJ) by rating their answer certainty in the original order of item administration...
December 12, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
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