keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Wisconsin card sorting test

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124546/fast-neural-dynamics-of-proactive-cognitive-control-in-a-task-switching-analogue-of-the-wisconsin-card-sorting-test
#1
Gema Díaz-Blancat, Juan García-Prieto, Fernando Maestú, Francisco Barceló
One common assumption has been that prefrontal executive control is mostly required for target detection (Posner and Petersen in Ann Rev Neurosci 13:25-42, 1990). Alternatively, cognitive control has also been related to anticipatory updating of task-set (contextual) information, a view that highlights proactive control processes. Frontoparietal cortical networks contribute to both proactive control and reactive target detection, although their fast dynamics are still largely unexplored. To examine this, we analyzed rapid magnetoencephalographic (MEG) source activations elicited by task cues and target cards in a task-cueing analogue of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test...
November 9, 2017: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108366/neural-correlates-of-childhood-trauma-with-executive-function-in-young-healthy-adults
#2
Shaojia Lu, Fen Pan, Weijia Gao, Zhaoguo Wei, Dandan Wang, Shaohua Hu, Manli Huang, Yi Xu, Lingjiang Li
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship among childhood trauma, executive impairments, and altered resting-state brain function in young healthy adults. Twenty four subjects with childhood trauma and 24 age- and gender-matched subjects without childhood trauma were recruited. Executive function was assessed by a series of validated test procedures. Localized brain activity was evaluated by fractional amplitude of low frequency fluctuation (fALFF) method and compared between two groups. Areas with altered fALFF were further selected as seeds in subsequent functional connectivity analysis...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068571/location-of-the-ischemic-focus-in-rehabilitated-stroke-patients-with-impairment-of-executive-functions
#3
Agnieszka M Jankowska, Robert Klimkiewicz, Anna Kubsik, Paulina Klimkiewicz, Janusz Śmigielski, Marta Woldańska-Okońska
BACKGROUND: Executive dysfunctions are part of the clinical symptoms of a stroke and can inhibit the process of rehabilitation. Patients with impaired executive functions may manifest aggression, impulsiveness, impaired thinking and planning. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the ischemic focus location on the effectiveness of physiotherapy in improving the executive functions in patients after stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety patients after unilateral ischemic cerebral stroke were studied...
August 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068266/individually-tailored-internet-based-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-older-adults-with-anxiety-and-depression-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Kristin Silfvernagel, Anna Westlinder, Stina Andersson, Kajsa Bergman, Rosario Diaz Hernandez, Line Fallhagen, Ida Lundqvist, Nicole Masri, Linda Viberg, Marie-Louise Forsberg, Maria Lind, Thomas Berger, Per Carlbring, Gerhard Andersson
Mixed anxiety and depression is common among older adults. The aim of the study was to compare the effects of an eight-week-long tailored internet-supported cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) programme and to compare against the provision of weekly general support. A second aim was to investigate if pre-treatment cognitive flexibility and self-reported cognitive problems would predict outcome. We included 66 older adults (aged over 60 years) with mixed anxiety/depression following media recruitment and randomised them into treatment and control groups...
October 25, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033637/cognitive-functioning-in-euthymic-bipolar-patients-on-monotherapy-with-novel-antipsychotics-or-mood-stabilizers
#5
Vesile Şentürk Cankorur, Hilal Demirel, Cem Atbaşoğlu
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder is associated with cognitive dysfunction in several domains. Medication effect is a potential confounder that can only be statistically controlled in many studies. The cognitive profile in bipolar disorder during remission on maintenance antipsychotics or mood stabilizers medication has not been compared before. METHODS: We compared the cognitive profile of bipolar disorder patients euthymic for 2 month or more on monotherapy with novel antipsychotics (AP) (n=16), lithium carbonate (Li) (n=25) or valproic acid (VPA; n=26)...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032769/amphetamine-modestly-improves-conners-continuous-performance-test-performance-in-healthy-adults
#6
David A MacQueen, Arpi Minassian, Brook L Henry, Mark A Geyer, Jared W Young, William Perry
OBJECTIVES: Amphetamine improves vigilance as assessed by continuous performance tests (CPT) in children and adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Less is known, however, regarding amphetamine effects on vigilance in healthy adults. Thus, it remains unclear whether amphetamine produces general enhancement of vigilance or if these effects are constrained to the remediation of deficits in patients with ADHD. METHODS: We tested 69 healthy adults (35 female) on a standardized CPT (Conner's CPT-2) after receiving 10- or 20-mg d-amphetamine or placebo...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981566/the-impact-of-executive-functions-and-emotional-intelligence-on-iowa-gambling-task-performance-focus-on-right-frontal-lobe-damage
#7
Oksana Zinchenko, Elena Enikolopova
Objective: Decision-making in the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) has been intensively studied regarding both the "hot" and "cold" components. The ventromedial prefrontal cortex is a key region involved in processing somatic marker information, though recent findings suggest dorsolateral regions are also important. The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is also known as a substrate of executive functions-the cold component of decision-making. However, there is contradictory evidence about the role of executive functions, as well as the hot component of decision-making-emotional intelligence...
July 19, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955142/executive-function-features-in-drug-naive-children-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder
#8
Manfei Xu, Wenqing Jiang, Yasong DU, Yan Li, Juan Fan
BACKGROUND: Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) that is characterized by markedly defiant, disobedient, and disruptive behavior in younger children has been regarded as disruptive behavior disorder (DBD), together with conduct disorder (CD). However, in contrast to CD, ODD does not include severe aggressive or antisocial behavior. AIM: This study aimed to examine executive function (EF) features of children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). METHODS: Cross sectional design was used in this study...
August 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946592/modified-wisconsin-card-sorting-test-m-wcst-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#9
J C Arango-Lasprilla, D Rivera, E Nicholls, A Aguayo Arelis, C García de la Cadena, A I Peñalver Guia, E Vergara-Moragues, A Rodriguez-Lorenzana, A Marín-Morales, M Soto-Añari, L Lara, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, C Alcazar Tebar, J Galarza-Del-Angel, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, J A Ibañéz-Alfonso, C E García-Guerrero, I D Delgado-Mejía, S Pohlenz Amador, M Sánchez-SanSegundo
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Modified Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (M-WCST) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the M-WCST as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Number of categories, perseverative errors, and total errors scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940848/executive-function-and-functional-and-structural-brain-differences-in-middle-age-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
B Blair Braden, Christopher J Smith, Amiee Thompson, Tyler K Glaspy, Emily Wood, Divya Vatsa, Angela E Abbott, Samuel C McGee, Leslie C Baxter
There is a rapidly growing group of aging adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who may have unique needs, yet cognitive and brain function in older adults with ASD is understudied. We combined functional and structural neuroimaging and neuropsychological tests to examine differences between middle-aged men with ASD and matched neurotypical (NT) men. Participants (ASD, n = 16; NT, n = 17) aged 40-64 years were well-matched according to age, IQ (range: 83-131), and education (range: 9-20 years)...
September 21, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938852/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-improves-executive-dysfunctions-in-adhd-implications-for-inhibitory-control-interference-control-working-memory-and-cognitive-flexibility
#11
Vahid Nejati, Mohammad Ali Salehinejad, Michael A Nitsche, Asal Najian, Amir-Homayoun Javadi
OBJECTIVE: This study examined effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) on major executive functions (EFs), including response inhibition, executive control, working memory (WM), and cognitive flexibility/task switching in ADHD. METHOD: ADHD children received (a) left anodal/right cathodal DLPFC tDCS and (b) sham stimulation in Experiment 1 and (a) left anodal DLPFC/right cathodal OFC tDCS, (b) left cathodal DLPFC/right anodal OFC tDCS, and (c) sham stimulation in Experiment 2...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923433/the-association-between-symptoms-of-autism-and-neuropsychological-performance-in-females-with-anorexia-nervosa
#12
Heather Westwood, William Mandy, Kate Tchanturia
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and performance on measures of set-shifting and central coherence in a sample of females with anorexia nervosa (AN). Ninety-nine females aged 12-47, recruited from inpatient and day patient eating disorder services, were assessed with the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, 2nd edition (ADOS-2), as well as the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, 2nd edition (WASI-II); Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST); Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCFT) and self-report questionnaires assessing eating disorder pathology, depression, cognitive rigidity and attention to detail...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912737/neuropsychological-profile-of-specific-executive-dysfunctions-in-patients-with-deficit-and-non-deficit-schizophrenia
#13
Ernest Tyburski, Justyna Pełka-Wysiecka, Monika Mak, Agnieszka Samochowiec, Przemysław Bieńkowski, Jerzy Samochowiec
Objectives: Although it has been shown that there are more profound deficits present in deficit schizophrenia (DS) patients than in non-deficit schizophrenia (NDS) patients, there still remain some matters requiring further investigation. In this context, we formulated three research aims: (1) to compare executive functions between the investigated groups, (2) to determine the relationship between particular aspects of executive functions within the groups, and (3) to draw up a neuropsychological profile for executive functions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903059/cognitive-flexibility-in-neurological-disorders-cognitive-components-and-event-related-potentials
#14
REVIEW
Florian Lange, Caroline Seer, Bruno Kopp
Performance deficits on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) in patients with prefrontal cortex (PFC) lesions are traditionally interpreted as evidence for a role of the PFC in cognitive flexibility. However, WCST deficits do not occur exclusively after PFC lesions, but also in various neurological and psychiatric disorders. We propose a multi-component approach that can accommodate this pattern of omnipresent WCST deficits: the WCST is not a pure test of cognitive flexibility, but relies on the effective functioning of multiple dissociable cognitive components...
September 10, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865717/measuring-learning-potential-in-people-with-schizophrenia-a-comparison-of-two-tasks
#15
Melisa V Rempfer, Joan M McDowd, Catana E Brown
Learning potential measures utilize dynamic assessment methods to capture performance changes following training on a cognitive task. Learning potential has been explored in schizophrenia research as a predictor of functional outcome and there have been calls for psychometric development in this area. Because the majority of learning potential studies have utilized the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), we extended this work using a novel measure, the Rey Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCFT). This study had the following aims: 1) to examine relationships among different learning potential indices for two dynamic assessment tasks, 2) to examine the association between WCST and ROCFT learning potential measures, and 3) to address concurrent validity with a performance-based measure of functioning (Test of Grocery Shopping Skills; TOGSS)...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863370/cognitive-flexibility-and-its-electrophysiological-correlates-in-gilles-de-la-tourette-syndrome
#16
Florian Lange, Caroline Seer, Kirsten Müller-Vahl, Bruno Kopp
Motor symptoms in Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) have been related to changes in frontostriatal brain networks. These changes may also give rise to alterations in cognitive flexibility. However, conclusive evidence for altered cognitive flexibility in patients with GTS is still lacking. Here, we meta-analyzed data from 20 neuropsychological studies that investigated cognitive flexibility in GTS using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). Results revealed medium-sized GTS-related performance deficits, which were significantly modulated by age: Whilst being substantial in children and adolescents with GTS, WCST deficits seem to dissolve in adult patients with GTS...
August 18, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859490/diagnostic-utility-of-the-shortened-version-of-the-wisconsin-card-sorting-test-in-patients-with-sporadic-late-onset-alzheimer-disease
#17
Juan Luis Sánchez, Javier Martín, Carolina López
BACKGROUND: The classic version of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) consists of correctly sorting 128 cards according to changing sorting criteria. Its application is costly in terms of the time employed, with all the negative consequences this entails (decrease in motivation, frustration, and fatigue). METHOD: The main objective of this study was to test the usefulness of the shortened version of the WCST as compared to the full test by analyzing the equivalence between the two decks comprising the full 128-card version on a sample of patients diagnosed with sporadic late onset Alzheimer disease (SLOAD) and to check its clinical usefulness...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818755/biochemical-abnormalities-in-basal-ganglia-and-executive-dysfunction-in-acute-and-euthymic-episode-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-a-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-study
#18
Shunkai Lai, Shuming Zhong, Xiaoxiao Liao, Ying Wang, Jingyu Huang, Shanhong Zhang, Yao Sun, Hui Zhao, Yanbin Jia
BACKGROUND: Recent studies found abnormal biochemical metabolism and executive cognitive deficits in acute bipolar disorder (BD). However, the evidence concerning in euthymic BD is limited. Thus, a comparison between acute and euthymic BD is conductive to better understanding the association between cognition and the outcome of neuroimaging. This study sought to investigate the relationship between the executive function and the biochemical metabolism in acute- and euthymic-episode BD patients and delineate the prominent endophenotype of BD...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800514/the-relationship-between-executive-functions-and-fluid-intelligence-in-euthymic-bipolar-disorder-patients
#19
Belén Goitia, Facundo Manes, Teresa Torralva, Mariano Sigman, John Duncan, Marcelo Cetkovich, María Roca
Distinct cognitive deficits have been described in Bipolar disorder (BD), including executive impairments, commonly attributed to frontal dysfunction. However, recent attention has been paid to the heterogeneity of cognitive functioning in this population, suggesting that the executive deficits observed in BD might be due to a loss in fluid intelligence (g). Following our previous line of investigation in multiple neurological and psychiatric conditions we aimed at determining the role of g in frontal deficits in BD...
November 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800423/relationship-of-executive-functioning-deficits-to-n-acetyl-aspartate-naa-and-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-gaba-in-youth-with-bipolar-disorder
#20
Rebekah S Huber, Douglas G Kondo, Xian-Feng Shi, Andrew P Prescot, Elaine Clark, Perry F Renshaw, Deborah A Yurgelun-Todd
BACKGROUND: Although cognitive deficits in bipolar disorder (BD) have been repeatedly observed, our understanding of these impairments at a mechanistic level remains limited. Few studies that investigated cognitive impairments in bipolar illness have examined the association with brain biochemistry. This pilot study utilized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) to evaluate the relationship between neurocognitive performance and brain metabolites in youth with BD. METHODS: Thirty participants, twenty depressed BD participants and ten healthy comparison participants, ages 13-21, completed mood and executive function measures...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
keyword
keyword
42852
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"