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Wisconsin card sorting test

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790568/-social-cognition-and-cognitive-functions-in-patients-with-epilepsy-treated-with-eslicarbazepine-acetate
#1
L Abraira, A Sanabria, G Ortega, M Quintana, E Santamarina, J Salas-Puig, M Toledo
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is accompanied by cognitive disorders, frequently aggravated by the use of antiepileptic drugs, which can affect social empathy. AIM: To analyse the impact of treatment with eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) on social cognition and prefrontal cognitive functions in adults with focal epilepsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective single-centre study with patients aged between 18 and 65 years with focal seizures treated with ESL...
June 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785144/the-neuropsychology-of-emerging-psychosis-and-the-role-of-working-memory-in-episodic-memory-encoding
#2
Marlon O Pflueger, Pasquale Calabrese, Erich Studerus, Ronan Zimmermann, Ute Gschwandtner, Stefan Borgwardt, Jacqueline Aston, Rolf-Dieter Stieglitz, Anita Riecher-Rössler
Background: Episodic memory encoding and working memory (WM) deficits are among the first cognitive signs and symptoms in the course of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. However, it is not clear whether the deficit pattern is generalized or specific in nature. We hypothesized that encoding deficits at an early stage of the disease might be due to the more fundamental WM deficits. Methods: We examined episodic memory encoding and WM by administering the California Verbal Learning Test, a 2-back task, and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in 90 first-episode psychosis (FE) patients and 116 individuals with an at-risk mental state for psychosis (ARMS) compared to 57 healthy subjects...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775836/cognitive-and-behavioural-dispositions-in-offspring-at-high-risk-for-alcoholism
#3
Rajesh Kumar, Keshav Janakiprasad Kumar, Vivek Benegal
OBJECTIVES: Offspring with family history of alcoholism are considered to be at high risk for alcoholism. The present study sought to expand our understanding of cognitive and behavioural dispositions associated with executive control and self-regulation in alcohol naïve offspring with and without family history of alcoholism. METHODS: Sample comprised of alcohol naive offspring in two groups: (i) at high risk (n = 34) and (ii) at low risk for alcoholism (n = 34)...
May 15, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755373/bidirectional-causal-connectivity-in-the-cortico-limbic-cerebellar-circuit-related-to-structural-alterations-in-first-episode-drug-naive-somatization-disorder
#4
Ranran Li, Feng Liu, Qinji Su, Zhikun Zhang, Jin Zhao, Ying Wang, Renrong Wu, Jingping Zhao, Wenbin Guo
Background: Anatomical and functional deficits in the cortico-limbic-cerebellar circuit are involved in the neurobiology of somatization disorder (SD). The present study was performed to examine causal connectivity of the cortico-limbic-cerebellar circuit related to structural deficits in first-episode, drug-naive patients with SD at rest. Methods: A total of 25 first-episode, drug-naive patients with SD and 28 healthy controls underwent structural and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Voxel-based morphometry and Granger causality analysis (GCA) were used to analyze the data...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736087/wisconsin-card-sorting-test-performance-impairment-in-schizophrenia-flaws-in-a-report
#5
Pravesh Parekh, Avinash Shukla, Migita Michael Dcruz, Satish Suhas, Chittaranjan Andrade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730871/the-relationship-of-insight-with-psychopathology-and-neuropsychological-functioning-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#6
Ahmet Tiryaki, Aykut Karahan, Filiz Civil Arslan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of the different dimensions of insight with clinical variables, symptom severity, and cognitive functions in patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: In this cross-sectional descriptive study,  66  out  patients that applied to the Karadeniz Technical University, Psychiatry Clinic and were diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM-IV were evaluated. The patients were evaluated with Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID-I), the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS), and the Schedule for Assessing the Three Components of Insight (SAI)...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730869/cognitive-features-of-high-functioning-adults-with-autism-and-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#7
Öykü Mançe Çalışır, Eşref Cem Atbaşoğlu, Halise Devrimci Özgüven, Şenay Ölmez
OBJECTIVE: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and schizophrenia share common features in terms of pathophysiology and clinical appearance. Cognitive deficits are also present in both disorders. However, ASD and schizophrenia are heterogeneous syndromes, and  few  studies  have addressed patients with these disorders who have above average educational attainment. In this study, we assessed the cognitive functions of a group of adult ASD patients with adequate mental development and verbal communication skills (High Functioning Autism, HFA) and compared them with a group of Schizophrenia patients matched for level of education...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707955/do-schizotypy-dimensions-reflect-the-symptoms-of-schizophrenia
#8
Elizabeth Hx Thomas, Susan L Rossell, Eric J Tan, Erica Neill, Tamsyn E Van Rheenen, Sean P Carruthers, Philip J Sumner, Stephanie Louise, Kiymet Bozaoglu, Caroline Gurvich
OBJECTIVE: The personality characteristics and symptoms observed in schizophrenia are postulated to lie on a continuum, with non-clinical manifestations referred to as schizotypy. High schizotypy behaviours are argued to correspond with the three main clusters of symptoms in schizophrenia: positive, negative and cognitive/disorganised symptoms, yet there is limited empirical evidence to support this. This study aimed to investigate whether schizotypy dimensions significantly correlate with their respective schizophrenia symptomatology in the largest sample to date...
April 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679197/neuropsychological-impacts-of-indirect-revascularization-for-pediatric-moyamoya-disease
#9
WooHyun Kim, Eun-Young Lee, Seong-Eun Park, Eun-Kyung Park, Ju-Seong Kim, Dong-Seok Kim, Kyu-Won Shim
PURPOSE: Moyamoya disease (MMD) commonly leads to neurocognitive impairment. This study was carried out to show that temporal encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis (EDAS) has a positive neuropsychological impact on pediatric MMD patients. METHODS: Fifty-five participants diagnosed with MMD from 2008 to 2014 were included in this retrospective study. The mean age at the preoperative evaluation was 9.5 years and the mean age at postoperative evaluation was 10.4. The average interval of initial and follow-up test was 10 months...
April 20, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674447/cognitive-underpinnings-of-nationalistic-ideology-in-the-context-of-brexit
#10
Leor Zmigrod, Peter J Rentfrow, Trevor W Robbins
Nationalistic identities often play an influential role in citizens' voting behavior and political engagement. Nationalistic ideologies tend to have firm categories and rules for what belongs to and represents the national culture. In a sample of 332 UK citizens, we tested whether strict categorization of stimuli and rules in objective cognitive tasks would be evident in strongly nationalistic individuals. Using voting behavior and attitudes from the United Kingdom's 2016 EU referendum, we found that a flexible representation of national identity and culture was linked to cognitive flexibility in the ideologically neutral Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and Remote Associates Test, and to self-reported flexibility under uncertainty...
April 19, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609987/associations-of-oxytocin-and-vasopressin-plasma-levels-with-neurocognitive-social-cognitive-and-meta-cognitive-function-in-schizophrenia
#11
Orkun Aydın, Paul H Lysaker, Kuzeymen Balıkçı, Pınar Ünal-Aydın, Ayşen Esen-Danacı
Many with schizophrenia experiences deficits in social cognition, neurocognition and metacognition. Yet the biological mechanisms which may underpin these cognitive deficits are poorly understood. Two candidate causes of these deficits are disturbances in oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (VP). To explore this we assessed plasma OT and VP in 34 schizophrenia patients and 31 healthy controls. We also concurrently assessed social cognition using the Reading the Mind from the Eyes test, neurocognition using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and metacognition using the Metacognitive Assessment Scale-Abbreviated...
March 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609102/the-relationship-between-executive-functioning-and-weight-loss-and-maintenance-in-children-and-parents-participating-in-family-based-treatment-for-childhood-obesity
#12
Dawn M Eichen, Brittany E Matheson, June Liang, David R Strong, Kyung Rhee, Kerri N Boutelle
We examined the relationship between executive function and weight loss among children (8-12 years) and parents enrolled in a behavioral weight-loss program. 150 overweight/obese children and their parents participated in a 6-month family-based weight-loss intervention and completed baseline (month 0), post-treatment (month 6) and 18-month follow-up assessments (month 24), which included Digit Span (DS), Stop Signal Task (SST), and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). Anthropometrics were additionally measured at mid-treatment (month 3) and 6-month follow-up (month 12)...
March 28, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602910/neurocognition-sleep-and-pet-findings-in-type-2-vs-type-1-narcolepsy
#13
Yu-Shu Huang, Ing-Tsung Hsiao, Feng-Yuan Liu, Fang-Ming Hwang, Kuang-Lin Lin, Wen-Cheng Huang, Christian Guilleminault
OBJECTIVE: To analyze differences in functional brain images collected in patients with type 2 and type 1 narcolepsy compared to normal controls and the relationship among brain images, objective neuropsychologic tests, and sleep findings. METHODS: Data collection included comprehensive clinical investigation, study of sleep/wake with actigraphy, polysomnography, Multiple Sleep Latency Test, human leukocyte antigen typing, 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET, and cognitive tests obtained from 29 patients with type 2 narcolepsy, 104 patients with type 1 narcolepsy, and 26 sex- and age-matched normal control individuals...
April 24, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521533/classification-accuracy-of-individual-and-combined-executive-functioning-embedded-performance-validity-measures-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Douglas M Whiteside, Kristen Caraher, Amanda Hahn-Ketter, Owen Gaasedelen, Michael R Basso
The development of more sophisticated performance validity measures is important due to concerns with coaching as well as providing clinicians with a greater variety of options when assessing performance validity. Examinees with noncredible performance may find it more difficult to elude detection by PVTs derived from arithmetical summation or logistic regression. The present study evaluated the classification accuracy of several executive functioning (EF) variables as PVTs both individually and when combined into derived variables...
March 9, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485228/driving-performance-of-stable-outpatients-with-depression-undergoing-real-world-treatment
#15
Akemi Miyata, Kunihiro Iwamoto, Naoko Kawano, Branko Aleksic, Masahiko Ando, Kazutoshi Ebe, Kiyoshi Fujita, Motonori Yokoyama, Tsuyoshi Akiyama, Yoshio Igarashi, Norio Ozaki
AIM: Although the effects of psychotropics on driving ability have received much attention, little research is available on driving performance of stable outpatients with depression undergoing real-world treatment. This observational study investigated driving performance, cognitive functions, and depressive symptomatology of partly remitted outpatients with depression under daily-practice psychopharmacologic treatment. METHODS: Seventy stable outpatients with depression and 67 healthy volunteers were enrolled...
February 27, 2018: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467636/increased-posterior-insula-sensorimotor-connectivity-is-associated-with-cognitive-function-in-healthy-participants-with-sleep-complaints
#16
Chun-Hong Liu, Cun-Zhi Liu, Xue-Qi Zhu, Ji-Liang Fang, Shun-Li Lu, Li-Rong Tang, Chuan-Yue Wang, Qing-Quan Liu
Insomnia is characterized by sensory hypersensitivity and cognitive impairments. Recent work has identified the insula as a central brain region involved in both bottom-up gating of sensory information and top-down cognitive control. However, the specific relationships between insular subregion connectivity and emotional and cognitive functions remain unclear. In this study, resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data were obtained from 25 healthy participants with sleep complaints (HPS) and 25 age-, gender- and educational level-matched healthy participants without insomnia complaints (HP)...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459841/electrophysiological-response-to-the-informative-value-of-feedback-revealed-in-a-segmented-wisconsin-card-sorting-test
#17
Fuhong Li, Jing Wang, Bin Du, Bihua Cao
Feedback has two main components. One is valence that indicates the wrong or correct behavior, and the other is the informative value that refers to what we can learn from feedback. Aimed to explore the neural distinction of these two components, we provided participants with a segmented Wisconsin Card Sorting Task, in which they received either positive or negative feedback at different steps. The informative value was manipulated in terms of the order of feedback presentation. The results of event-related potentials time-locked to the feedback presentation confirmed that valence of feedback was processed in a broad epoch, especially in the time window of feedback-related negativity (FRN), reflecting detection of correct or wrong card sorting behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457493/the-impact-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children
#18
Hatem Hamed Elshorbagy, Naglaa Fathy Barseem, Waleed Elsayed Abdelghani, Hany Abdelaziz Ibrahim Suliman, Ashraf Hamed Al-Shokary, Sameh Elsayed Abdulsamea, Akram Elshafey Elsadek, Yehia Hamed Abdel Maksoud, Dalia Mohamed Abd El-Hassib Nour El Din
BACKGROUND: The role of nutrients and dietary factors in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to evaluate the serum vitamin D level in children with a diagnosis of ADHD. The secondary objective was to detect the effect of vitamin D supplementation on cognitive function in those with vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: A total of 50 children with ADHD and 40 healthy controls were included in the study...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416077/prefrontal-cortex-modulates-the-correlations-between-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-level-serotonin-and-the-autonomic-nervous-system
#19
Wei Hung Chang, I Hui Lee, Mei Hung Chi, Shih-Hsien Lin, Kao Chin Chen, Po See Chen, Nan Tsing Chiu, Wei Jen Yao, Yen Kuang Yang
Top-down regulation in the human brain and anatomical connections between the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and specific catecholamine-related regions have been well-studied. However, the way in which the PFC modulates downstream neuro-networks in terms of serotonin and the autonomic nervous system (ANS) by variation in the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is still unclear. We recruited sixty-seven healthy subjects. Serotonin transporter (SERT) availability was examined by SPECT with [123 I]ADAM analysis; heart rate variability (HRV) testing was performed, and the BDNF level was measured...
February 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411360/efficacy-of-group-cognitive-rehabilitation-therapy-in-multiple-sclerosis
#20
A Mani, E Chohedri, P Ravanfar, A Mowla, A Nikseresht
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive impairment occurs in 40%-65% of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Several techniques for cognitive rehabilitation (CR) in these patients have been evaluated; however, the results have been controversial. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of group compensatory CR in patients with MS-related cognitive impairment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four female patients with diagnosed relapsing-remitting MS and evidence of impaired cognitive function were included and randomized to intervention (n = 17) and control (n = 17) groups...
February 7, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
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