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Wisconsin card sorting test

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911221/the-effect-of-a-third-party-observer-and-trait-anxiety-on-neuropsychological-performance-the-attentional-control-theory-act-perspective
#1
Fatemeh Rezaei, Nasrin Alsadat Hosseini Ramaghani, Rachel L Fazio
OBJECTIVE: Studies have reported that the presence of a third party observer (TPO) during neuropsychological assessments negatively affects the test performance of the examinee. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of a TPO and trait anxiety on neuropsychological performance according to Attentional Control Theory (ACT). METHOD: A sample of college students was recruited (n = 318) and then 80 participants were selected to represent the high and low trait anxiety groups...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905499/the-correlation-between-plasma-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-and-cognitive-function-in-bipolar-disorder-is-modulated-by-the-bdnf-val66met-polymorphism
#2
Sheng-Yu Lee, Tzu-Yun Wang, Shiou-Lan Chen, Yun-Hsuan Chang, Po-See Chen, San-Yuan Huang, Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Liang-Jen Wang, I Hui Lee, Kao Chin Chen, Yen Kuang Yang, Yi-Hsin Yang, Ru-Band Lu, Cheng-Sheng Chen
We explored the effect of the Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism (rs6265) on correlation between changes in plasma BDNF levels with cognitive function and quality of life (QoL) after 12 weeks of treatment in bipolar disorder (BD). Symptom severity and plasma BDNF levels were assessed upon recruitment and during weeks 1, 2, 4, 8 and 12. QoL, the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), and the Conners' Continuous Performance Test (CPT) were assessed at baseline and endpoint. The BDNF Val66Met polymorphism was genotyped...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897266/evaluation-of-association-of-common-variants-in-htr1a-and-htr5a-with-schizophrenia-and-executive-function
#3
Fanglin Guan, Huali Lin, Gang Chen, Lu Li, Teng Chen, Xinshe Liu, Jiuqiang Han, Tao Li
The 5-HT1A receptor (HTR1A) and the 5-HT5A receptor (HTR5A) are key 5-HT receptors with distinct inhibitory functions. Studies have been conducted to investigate the association of a few HTR1A polymorphisms with schizophrenia, producing conflicting results, and the relationship between HTR5A and schizophrenia has not yet been well investigated. We aimed to examine the association of HTR1A and HTR5A with schizophrenia and executive function. The study included a discovery stage with 1,115 patients and 2,289 controls and a replication stage with 2,128 patients and 3,865 controls...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892806/wisconsin-card-sorting-test-embedded-validity-indicators-developed-for-adults-can-be-extended-to-children
#4
Jonathan D Lichtenstein, Laszlo A Erdodi, Jaspreet K Rai, Anya Mazur-Mosiewicz, Lloyd Flaro
Past studies have examined the ability of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) to discriminate valid from invalid performance in adults using both individual embedded validity indicators (EVIs) and multivariate approaches. This study is designed to investigate whether the two most stable of these indicators-failures to maintain set (FMS) and the logistical regression equation S-BLRE-can be extended to pediatric populations. The classification accuracy for FMS and S-BLRE was examined in a mixed clinical sample of 226 children aged 7 to 17 years (64...
November 28, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890303/cognitive-effects-of-creatine-monohydrate-adjunctive-therapy-in-patients-with-bipolar-depression-results-from-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
REVIEW
Ricardo Alexandre Toniolo, Francy de Brito Ferreira Fernandes, Michelle Silva, Rodrigo da Silva Dias, Beny Lafer
BACKGROUND: Depressive episodes and cognitive impairment are major causes of morbidity and dysfunction in individuals suffering from bipolar disorder (BD). Novel treatment approaches that target clinical and cognitive aspects of bipolar depression are needed, and research on pathophysiology suggests that mitochondrial modulators such as the nutraceutical creatine monohydrate might have a therapeutic role for this condition. METHODS: Eighteen (N=18) patients with bipolar depression according to DSM-IV criteria who were enrollled in a 6-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of creatine monohydrate 6g daily as adjunctive therapy were submitted to neuropsychological assessments (Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Digit Span subtest of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition, Stroop Color-Word Test, Rey-Osterrieth complex figure test, FAS Verbal Fluency Test) at baseline and week 6...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889392/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-to-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-affects-conflict-induced-behavioural-adaptation-in-a-wisconsin-card-sorting-test-analogue
#6
Erica A Boschin, Rogier B Mars, Mark J Buckley
A substantial body of literature has proposed a role for dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) in supporting behavioural adaptation during conflict tasks. The vast majority of the evidence in support of this interpretation comes from neuroimaging studies. However, in order to unequivocally ascribe such a role to dlPFC, it is important to determine whether or not it is essential for this mechanism, and this can only be achieved by lesioning the area or interfering with its activity. In this study, we investigated the effects of repeated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) to dlPFC on performance on a conflict version of a Wisconsin Card Sorting Test analogue (used previously in circumscribed lesion studies in monkeys) in neurologically healthy human participants...
November 23, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872798/factors-affecting-executive-functions-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-and-volumetric-changes-in-the-prefrontal-cortex
#7
Zahide Yılmaz, Nuray Voyvoda, Eda İnan, Pınar Bekdik Şirinocak, Rabia Terzi
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with cognitive changes and executive functions are among the cognitive domains most affected. However, it is not completely understood which of the factor(s) among hypoxemia, repeated arousal, and sleepiness affect the executive functions. This study aims to evaluate the possible relationship between the executive functions and nocturnal parameters, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) scores, and prefrontal cortex (PFC) volumes...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866154/the-correlation-between-cognitive-and-movement-shifting-and-brain-activity-in-children-with-adhd
#8
Kyoung Doo Kang, Doug Hyun Han, Sun Mi Kim, Sujin Bae, Perry F Renshaw
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the correlation between the deficits of cognition, movement, and brain activity in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactvity Disorder (ADHD). METHOD: We recruited 15 children with ADHD and 15 age- and sex-matched healthy control participants. Clinical symptoms, cognitive shifting, movement shifting, and brain activity were assessed using the Korean ADHD Rating Scale, the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), the 7- and 14-ring drill test with hop jumps (7 HJ and 14 HJ), and 3...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849243/moyamoya-disease-impact-on-the-performance-of-oral-and-written-language
#9
Dionísia Aparecida Cusin Lamônica, Camila da Costa Ribeiro, Plínio Marcos Duarte Pinto Ferraz, Maria de Lourdes Merighi Tabaquim
Moyamoya disease is an unusual form of occlusive, cerebrovascular disorder that affects the arteries of the central nervous system, causing acquired language alterations and learning difficulties. The study aim was to describe the oral/written language and cognitive skills in a seven-year-and-seven-month-old girl diagnosed with Moyamoya disease. The assessment consisted of interviews with her parents and application of the following instruments: Observation of Communicative Behavior, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Academic Performance Test, Profile of Phonological Awareness, Raven's Progressive Matrices Test, Special Scale, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test, and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test...
September 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843197/a-correlative-classification-study-of-schizophrenic-patients-with-results-of-clinical-evaluation-and-structural-magnetic-resonance-images
#10
Wen-Lin Chu, Min-Wei Huang, Bo-Lin Jian, Chih-Yao Hsu, Kuo-Sheng Cheng
Patients with schizophrenia suffer from symptoms such as hallucination and delusion. There are currently a number of publications that discuss the treatment, diagnosis, prognosis, and damage in schizophrenia. This study utilized joint independent component analysis to process the images of GMV and WMV and incorporated the Wisconsin card sorting test (WCST) and the positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) to examine the correlation of obtained brain characteristics. We also used PANSS score to classify schizophrenic patients into acute and subacute cases, to analyze the brain structure differences...
2016: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836108/post-stroke-cognitive-impairment-a-cross-sectional-comparison-study-between-mild-cognitive-impairment-of-vascular-and-non-vascular-etiology
#11
K P Divya, Ramshekhar N Menon, Ravi Prasad Varma, P N Sylaja, Bejoy Thomas, C Kesavadas, J Sunitha, V S Lekha, S Deepak
PURPOSE: To elucidate the cognitive profiles of post-stroke vascular mild cognitive impairment (VaMCI) in comparison to MCI of non-vascular etiology and cognitively normal healthy controls at a tertiary-care hospital in southern India. RESULTS: Logistic regression analysis adjusted for age and sex comparing VaMCI [N=50] with controls [N=27] revealed significant impairment in visual, verbal learning-recall and executive function scores. As compared to the MCI group [N=36], VaMCI had significantly higher scores on Weschler's Memory Scale (WMS) verbal subset delayed recall scores (p=0...
October 24, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831757/developing-a-virtual-reality-based-vocational-rehabilitation-training-program-for-patients-with-schizophrenia
#12
Bo Kyung Sohn, Jae Yeon Hwang, Su Mi Park, Jung-Seok Choi, Jun-Young Lee, Ji Yeuon Lee, Hee-Yeon Jung
Maintaining employment is difficult for patients with schizophrenia because of deterioration of psychosocial and cognitive functions. Such patients usually require vocational rehabilitation training, which is both demanding and costly. In this study, we developed a virtual reality-based vocational rehabilitation training program (VR-VRTP) for such patients and evaluated its feasibility as an alternative to traditional rehabilitation programs. We developed the VR-VRTP to include various situations commonly encountered in two types of occupations: convenience store employee and supermarket clerk...
November 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831643/executive-function-in-pediatric-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-in-healthy-controls
#13
B Piasecki, R Turska-Malińska, T Matthews-Brzozowska, E Mojs
OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to analyze and compare executive function performance in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and in healthy controls. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 28 patients with CF, 30 patients with IBD and 30 healthy participants took part in the study (all in the age range of 7-17). All participants were in the intellectual norm. The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) was applied to assess executive functions...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825782/failure-to-maintain-set-as-a-predictor-of-childhood-depression-within-a-children-s-psychiatric-inpatient-sample
#14
Brian C Kavanaugh, Charles E Gaudet, Jennifer A Dupont-Frechette, Perrin P Tellock, Isolde D Maher, Lauren D Haisley, Karen A Holler
Despite a wealth of studies in adults and adolescents, only a handful of studies have examined executive function in childhood depression. This study utilized retrospective chart review of a children's psychiatric inpatient program to evaluate executive function via Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) in 33 children (6-12 years old) with a depressive disorder and 61 age/sex-matched children without a depressive disorder referred for neuropsychological evaluation. WCST categories, perseverative errors, and failure to maintain set errors were examined as potential predictors of depressive disorder diagnosis and self-reported depressive symptoms...
November 1, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766516/proxy-reported-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-dyskinetic-cerebral-palsy-is-associated-with-executive-functions-and-cortical-thickness
#15
O Laporta-Hoyos, J Ballester-Plané, P Póo, A Macaya, M Meléndez-Plumed, E Vázquez, I Delgado, L Zubiaurre-Elorza, V L Botellero, A Narberhaus, E Toro-Tamargo, D Segarra, R Pueyo
PURPOSE: Quality of life (QOL) is a key outcome for people with cerebral palsy (CP), and executive functioning is an important predictor of QOL in other health-related conditions. Little is known about this association in CP or about its neural substrate. We aim to analyze the influence of executive functioning (including cognitive flexibility) as well as that of other psychological, motor, communication and socioeconomic variables on QOL and to identify neuroanatomical areas related to QOL in adolescents and adults with CP...
October 20, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766147/the-effect-of-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-on-neurocognitive-functions-depression-and-anxiety-in-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome
#16
Serap Argun Baris, Dilek Tuncel, Cigdem Ozerdem, Huseyin Kutlu, Tugba Onyilmaz, Ilknur Basyigit, Hasim Boyaci, Fusun Yildiz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the presence of neurocognitive dysfunctions, depression and anxiety and the effect of positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy on these alterations in Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome (OHS) patients. METHODS: Ten healthy normal and obese controls, 10 OHS and 10 OSAS patients were included in the study. Short form-36, Beck Depression Scale and State-Trade Anxiety Inventory (STAI 1-2) were performed. Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MOCA), Enhanced Cued Recall (ECR) and Mini Mental Test (MMT) were used for neurocognitive evaluation...
2016: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744608/cognitive-flexibility-and-decision-making-in-eating-disorders-and-obesity
#17
Conxa Perpiñá, Mara Segura, Sergio Sánchez-Reales
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare decision-making and cognitive flexibility in patients with disordered eating and weight, ranging from anorexia nervosa to obesity, and a healthy group. METHOD: Participants were 113 patients (86 with eating disorders and 27 with obesity), and a group of 39 healthy subjects; all completed the Iowa gambling task, the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and several clinical self-report measures. RESULTS: Eating disordered and obese patients showed impaired performance on the decision-making task, and the obese group showed the worst performance on the set-shifting task...
October 15, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741107/inflammatory-cytokines-in-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#18
Yu-Shu Huang, Christian Guilleminault, Fang-Ming Hwang, Chuan Cheng, Cheng-Hui Lin, Hsueh-Yu Li, Li-Ang Lee
Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with chronic systemic inflammation and with cognitive impairments. This study aimed to investigate the status of proinflammatory cytokines, particularly interleukin 17 (IL-17) and interleukin 23 (IL-23) and cognition in pediatric OSA.Controls and OSA children participated in the study. Exclusion criteria were adenotonsillectomy, heart, neurological and severe psychiatric diseases, craniofacial syndromes, and obesity. Polysomnogram was followed by serum testing for inflammatory markers and neurocognitive tests such as continuous performance task (CPT) and Wisconsin card sorting test, questionnaires, analyses of plasma high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (HS-CRP), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 1 (IL-1), interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-17, and IL-23...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738997/default-mode-network-activity-and-neuropsychological-profile-in-male-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-conduct-disorder
#19
Merve Cikili Uytun, Emel Karakaya, Didem Behice Oztop, Serife Gengec, Kazım Gumus, Sevgi Ozmen, Selim Doğanay, Semra Icer, Esra Demirci, Saliha Demirel Ozsoy
It is known that patients with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and Conduct disorder (CD) commonly shows greater symptom severity than those with ADHD alone and worse outcomes. This study researches whether Default mode network (DMN) is altered in adolescents with ADHD + CD, relative to ADHD alone and controls or not. Ten medication-naïve boys with ADHD + CD, ten medication-naïve boys with ADHD and 10-age-matched typically developing (TD) controls underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans in the resting state and neuropsychological tasks such as the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Stroop Test TBAG Form (STP), Auditory Verbal learning Test (AVLT), Visual Auditory Digit Span B (VADS B) were applied to all the subjects included...
October 13, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716115/relationship-between-negative-symptoms-and-neurocognitive-functions-in-adolescent-and-adult-patients-with-first-episode-schizophrenia
#20
Manli Huang, Yi Huang, Liang Yu, Jianbo Hu, Jinkai Chen, Pingbo Jin, Weijuan Xu, Ning Wei, Shaohua Hu, Hongli Qi, Yi Xu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore differences in links between negative symptoms and neurocognitive deficits in adolescent and adult patients with first-episode schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a mental disorder often characterized by positive and negative symptoms, reduced emotional expression, excitatory status, and poor cognitive ability. The severity of negative symptoms in patients with schizophrenia was reported to be more related to poor quality of life, weak functional ability, and heavy burden from families than with the severity of positive symptoms...
October 6, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
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