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Breast ,axillary dissection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235045/axillary-staging-for-breast-cancer-during-pregnancy-feasibility-and-safety-of-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy
#1
S N Han, F Amant, E H Cardonick, S Loibl, F A Peccatori, O Gheysens, C A Sangalli, V Nekljudova, K Dahl Steffensen, M Mhallem Gziri, C P Schröder, C A R Lok, A Verest, P Neven, A Smeets, G Pruneri, M Cremonesi, O Gentilini
BACKGROUND: Safety of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy for breast cancer during pregnancy is insufficiently explored. We investigated efficacy and local recurrence rate in a large series of pregnant patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Women diagnosed with breast cancer who underwent SLN biopsy during pregnancy were identified from the International Network on Cancer, Infertility and Pregnancy, the German Breast Group, and the Cancer and Pregnancy Registry. Chart review was performed to record technique and outcome of SLN biopsy, locoregional and distant recurrence, and survival...
December 12, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234253/evaluation-of-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-and-axillary-lymph-node-dissection-for-breast-cancer-treatment-concepts-a-retrospective-study-of-1-214-breast-cancer-patients
#2
Roland G Stein, Roland Fricker, Thomas Rink, Hartmut Fitz, Sebastian Blasius, Joachim Diessner, Sebastian F M Häusler, Tanja N Stüber, Victoria Andreas, Achim Wöckel, Thomas Müller
Background: Most breast cancer patients require lumpectomy with axillary sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) or axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). The ACOSOG Z0011-trial failed to detect significant effects of ALND on disease-free and overall survival among patients with limited sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastases. Intense dose-dense chemotherapy and supraclavicular fossa radiation (SFR) are indicated for patients with extensive axillary metastases. In this multicentered study, we investigated the relevance of ALND after positive SLNB to determine adequate adjuvant therapy...
October 2017: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229140/a-novel-pilot-animal-model-for-the-surgical-prevention-of-lymphedema-the-power-of-optical-imaging
#3
Bao Ngoc N Tran, Joseph P Angelo, Jeong Heon Lee, Qing Z Ruan, Rita G Laurence, Hak Soo Choi, Bernard T Lee, Dhruv Singhal
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer-related lymphedema affects more than 400,000 survivors in the United States. In 2009, lymphatic microsurgical preventive healing approach (LYMPHA) was first described as a surgical technique to prevent lymphedema by bypassing divided arm lymphatics into adjacent veins at the time of an axillary lymph node dissection. We describe the first animal model of LYMPHA. METHODS: In Yorkshire pigs, each distal hind limb lymphatic system was cannulated and injected with a different fluorophore (human serum albumin-conjugated indocyanine green or Evans Blue)...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228459/axillary-reverse-mapping-with-indocyanine-green-or-isosulfan-blue-demonstrate-similar-crossover-rates-to-radiotracer-identified-sentinel-nodes
#4
Deshka Foster, Nicole Choy, Catherine Porter, Shushmita Ahmed, Irene Wapnir
BACKGROUND: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) resection is imperative for breast cancer staging. Axillary reverse mapping (ARM) can preserve arm draining nodes and lymphatics during surgery. ARM is generally performed with isosulfan blue (ISB), restricting its use for concurrent SLN biopsy. Indocyanine green (ICG) could serve as an alternative to ISB for ARM procedures. METHODS: SLN mapping and biopsy was performed via periareolar injection of 99 technetium-sulfur colloid (99m TcSc, TSC)...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209873/99mtc-rituximab-as-a-tracer-for-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-single-center-analysis
#5
Jiwei Wang, Tie Fan, Yingjian He, Xue Chen, Zhaoqing Fan, Yuntao Xie, Tianfeng Wang, Jinfeng Li, Tao Ouyang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the long-term prognosis of breast cancer patients with 99mTc-rituximab for sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). METHODS: A total of 2947 patients with negative sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) omitting axillary lymph node dissection (ALND), treated between June 2005 and December 2013, were retrospectively analyzed. SLNB was performed prior to adjuvant therapy. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 62 months, 22 cases of axillary recurrence (AR) were observed...
December 6, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204531/axillary-lymph-node-coverage-with-3-dimensional-tangential-field-irradiation-and-correlation-with-heart-and-lung-dose
#6
Geraldine Jacobson, Nicole Bunda-Randall, Sijin Wen, Matthew Miller
Purpose: The American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z0011 trial indicated no benefit from axillary lymph node (LN) dissection after a positive sentinel LN biopsy in patients receiving breast irradiation, suggesting that level I-II LNs were covered in tangential fields. Methods and materials: We evaluated 50 computed tomography-based tangential breast plans and contoured level I-III axillary LNs using the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group guidelines. The volumes of level I-III LN regions covered by 90% and 95% of the prescription dose (PD) were calculated and correlated with the V20 ipsilateral lung and mean heart dose...
October 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200695/metaplastic-carcinoma-of-breast-and-neurofibromatosis-1-a-rare-association
#7
Gnanapriya Vellaisamy, Suravi Mohanty, Pritilata Rout, Suraj Manjunath
Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) patients are generally at higher risk of developing common malignant tumors such as brain and soft tissue tumors. These patients are 5-fold increased the risk of developing breast cancer by the age of 50 years after that the risk remains the same. The most common reported cancer is infiltrating duct carcinoma. We report a case of 61-year-old female with NF1 presented with pain and breast lump for the past 2 months. On mammography, a retroareolar solid cystic lesion measuring 32 mm × 30 mm × 30 mm was noted which was definitive for malignancy...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197044/intraoperative-ultrasound-guided-excision-of-axillary-clip-in-patients-with-node-positive-breast-cancer-treated-with-neoadjuvant-therapy-ilina-trial-a-new-tool-to-guide-the-excision-of-the-clipped-node-after-neoadjuvant-treatment
#8
Christian Siso, Juan de Torres, Antonio Esgueva-Colmenarejo, Martin Espinosa-Bravo, Neus Rus, Octavi Cordoba, Roberto Rodriguez, Vicente Peg, Isabel T Rubio
BACKGROUND: The accuracy of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) after neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) has been improved with the placement of a clip in the positive node prior to treatment. Several methods have been described for clipped node excision during SLNB after NAT. We assessed the feasibility of intraoperative ultrasound (IOUS)-guided excision of the clipped node during SLNB and investigated whether the accuracy of SLNB is improved. METHODS: After approval by the Institutional Ethics Committee, all breast cancer patients undergoing NAT had an US-visible clip placed in the positive node...
December 1, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181071/application-of-artificial-neural-networks-for-predicting-presence-of-non-sentinel-lymph-node-metastases-in-breast-cancer-patients-with-positive-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsies
#9
Tomasz Nowikiewicz, Paweł Wnuk, Bogdan Małkowski, Andrzej Kurylcio, Janusz Kowalewski, Wojciech Zegarski
Introduction: The aim of this study was to present a new predictive tool for non-sentinel lymph node (nSLN) metastases. Material and methods: One thousand five hundred eighty-three patients with early-stage breast cancer were subjected to sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) between 2004 and 2012. Metastatic SLNs were found in 348 patients - the retrospective group. Selective axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) was performed in 94% of cases. Involvement of the nSLNs was identified in 32...
October 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180879/male-occult-triple-negative-breast-cancer-with-dermatomyositis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Le Zhang, Chenghua Zhang, Zhaoying Yang, Miao He, Lijuan Zhang, Shereen Ezzat, Xi Liang
Occult breast cancer is defined by the presence of axillary metastases without an identifiable primary breast tumor. Here, we report a rare case of a male occult breast cancer with dermatomyositis. We performed a modified radical mastectomy consisting of whole breast mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection. Immunohistochemistry and fluorescent in situ hybridization analyses demonstrated an adenocarcinoma likely of breast origin, which was an occult triple-negative breast cancer. Interestingly, the patient's previously noted periorbital dermatomyositis resolved promptly following surgical excision...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175020/sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-validation-for-large-tumors
#11
Gilles Houvenaeghel, Olivia Quilichini, Monique Cohen, Fabrice Reyal, Jean-Marc Classe, Chafika Mazouni, Sylvie Giard, Nicolas Carrabin, Hélène Charitansky, Emile Darai, Delphine Hudry, Pierre Azuar, Richard Villet, Pierre Gimbergues, Christine Tunon-DE-Lara, Eric Lambaudie
BACKGROUND: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) remains under discussion for large size tumors. The aim of this work has been to study the false negative rate (FNR) of SLNB for large tumors and predictive factors of false negative (FN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study of a multicentric cohort, involved patients presenting N0 breast cancer with a SLNB eventually completed by complementary axillary lymph node dissection (cALND). The main criteria were the FNR and the predictive factors of FN...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174281/controversies-and-recommendations-regarding-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-primary-breast-cancer-a%C3%A2-comprehensive-review-of-current-data
#12
REVIEW
Petros Charalampoudis, Christos Markopoulos, Tibor Kovacs
In primary breast cancer, sentinel lymph node biopsy has been established as the gold standard for regional axillary staging. A robust body of randomized data support its accuracy and safety in patients with early, clinically node negative disease. However, the role of SLNB remains debatable in various patient subgroups, and recent advances in histopathology, dedicated axillary ultrasound imaging and chemotherapy regimens, put its role under a new perspective. Herein, we review the current literature data on the indications for SLNB and discuss the challenges in management germane to special patient subgroups and patterns of disease...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168429/axillary-lymph-node-dissection-in-breast-cancer-patients-after-sentinel-node-biopsy
#13
Christina Jessing, Linnea Langhans, Maj-Britt Jensen, Maj-Lis Talman, Tove Filtenborg Tvedskov, Niels Kroman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159743/morbidity-and-outcomes-following-axillary-lymphadenectomy-for-melanoma-weighing-the-risk-of-surgery-in-the-era-of-mslt-ii
#14
Lauren M Postlewait, Clara R Farley, Alexandra M Seamens, Nina Le, Monica Rizzo, Maria C Russell, Michael C Lowe, Keith A Delman
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist characterizing complications after axillary lymphadenectomy for melanoma. With high rates of complications reported after dissection for breast cancer and data suggesting that completion lymphadenectomy may have limited therapeutic benefit, this study characterized morbidity to facilitate clinical decision-making. METHODS: Using a broad definition for complications, patients who underwent axillary dissection for melanoma at a single center (from 2003 to 2015) were assessed through retrospective chart review...
November 20, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157874/air-travel-and-postoperative-lymphedema-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Michael Co, Judy Ng, Ava Kwong
Lymphedema is not uncommon after axillary dissection for breast cancer. Improved survival of patients with breast cancer from advances in adjuvant therapy has resulted in increased awareness of the quality of life for long-term survivors. Air travel has been postulated as 1 of the risk factors of lymphedema exacerbation. In the present systematic review, we sought to critically evaluate the current data on this topic. The present study was registered in the Research Registry. A systematic review of lymphedema and air travel was performed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses protocol...
October 19, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151972/comparable-survival-between-additional-radiotherapy-and-local-surgery-in-occult-breast-cancer-after-axillary-lymph-node-dissection-a-population-based-analysis
#16
San-Gang Wu, Wen-Wen Zhang, Jia-Yuan Sun, Feng-Yan Li, Huan-Xin Lin, Yong-Xiong Chen, Zhen-Yu He
Purpose: To investigate the clinical value of additional local treatment strategies in occult breast cancer (OBC) after axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). Methods: Patients diagnosed with OBC between 1990 and 2013 were included from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry database. The significant risk factors of cause-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) were identified using univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. Results: We identified 980 patients, including 219 (22...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145336/expression-of-hormone-receptors-in-low-grade-adenosquamous-carcinoma-of-the-breast-a-case-report
#17
Hai-Bo Wu, An-Li Zhang, Wei Wang, Heng Li
RATIONALE: Low-grade adenosquamous carcinoma (LGASC) is a rare subtype of metaplastic breast carcinoma which is generally recognized as a characteristic subgroup of triple-negative breast cancers previously. However, in this study, we reported for the first time a case of LGASC with hormone receptors expression. PATIENT CONCERNS: Pathological analysis of breast tumor specimen obtained by a 42-year-old female patient was performed. Morphologically, it composed of glandular structures with scattered squamous differentiation accompanied by haphazard arrangement of spindle cell stroma...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142748/intraoperative-prediction-of-the-two-axillary-lymph-node-macrometastases-threshold-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-using-a-one-step-nucleic-acid-cytokeratin-19-amplification-assay
#18
Victoria Fung, Stan Kohlhardt, Patricia Vergani, Gregory J Zardin, Norman R Williams
The aim of the present study was to assess the sensitivity, specificity and practicality of using a one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) assay during breast cancer staging surgery to predict and discriminate between at least 2 involved nodes and more than 2 involved nodes and facilitate the decision to provide axillary conservation in the presence of a low total axillary node tumour burden. A total of 700 consecutive patients, not treated with neo-adjuvant chemotherapy, received intraoperative sentinel lymph node (SLN) analysis using OSNA for cT1-T3 cN0 invasive breast cancer...
November 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138383/-a-case-of-locally-advanced-breast-cancer-successfully-treated-with-local-control-that-achieved-a-pathological-complete-response-after-bevacizumab-and-paclitaxel-combination-chemotherapy
#19
Nozomi Ueno, Seiko Suzushino, Tsukasa Kubo, Akihito Abe, Jun Ito, Mitsuhiko Yasuda, Hiroyuki Kato
A 68-year-old woman with a 5-year history of an untreated left breast tumor presented to our hospital. She was admitted for untreated diabetes and severe anemia. The cause of the anemia was bleeding from the tumor, and she was referred to our department. She was diagnosed with T4bN0M0, stage IIIb breast cancer. First, we initiated hormonal therapy. However, the tumor did not decrease in size. We then administered chemotherapy. The tumor markedly decreased in size, and mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection were performed...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134954/completion-axillary-lymph-node-dissection-can-be-avoid-in-patients-with-invasive-breast-cancer-and-sentinel-lymph-node-micrometastases
#20
Calogero Cipolla, Giuseppa Graceffa, Sergio Calamia, Stefania Latteri, Marco Vito Marino, Mario Latteri, Salvatore Vieni
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of sentinel lymph node (SLN) micrometastases in invasive breast cancer patients is still widely debated. Even if, in the absence of unequivocal guidelines, the axillary lynphadenectomy is not still performed in the routine clinical care of these patients. MATERIALS AND METHOD: We have retrospectively analyzed 897 patients with operable invasive breast cancer and clinically negative axillary lymph nodes underwent conservative surgery or total mastectomy with SLN biopsy...
November 14, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
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