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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283836/the-faster-internal-clock-in-adhd-is-related-to-lower-processing-speed-wisc-iv-profile-analyses-and-time-estimation-tasks-facilitate-the-distinction-between-real-adhd-and-pseudo-adhd
#1
Marco Walg, Gerhard Hapfelmeier, Daniel El-Wahsch, Helmut Prior
Alterations in temporal processing may represent a primary cause of key symptoms in ADHD. This study is aimed at investigating the nature of time-processing alterations in ADHD and assessing the possible utility of testing time estimation for clinical diagnostics. Retrospective verbal time estimation in the range of several minutes was examined in 50 boys with ADHD and 53 boys with other mental disorders. All participants (age 7-16) attended an outpatient clinic for ADHD diagnostics. The diagnostic assessment included the WISC-IV...
March 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256694/-comparison-between-the-diagnosis-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-with-the-dsm-5-and-neuropsychological-evaluation-of-the-executive-functions
#2
L Abad-Mas, O Caloca-Catala, F Mulas, R Ruiz-Andres
INTRODUCTION: The attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a prevalence among 3-7% in scholar population and it is associated with learning disabilities and executive dysfunctions. AIM: To study the relationship between the ADHD diagnostic through DSM-5 criteria and the neuropshychology evaluation of executive functions. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sample of this study consisted in 50 subjects, 12 females and 38 males, with an age between 8 and 10 years old...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256691/-international-adoption-of-children-from-ethiopia-and-language-a-pilot-study
#3
A Gonzalez-Navarro, N de Casas-Calvo, C Monsalve-Clemente, J Martos-Perez
INTRODUCTION: Children who have gone through international adoption offer a great and unique learning opportunity around language development. Time elapsed since the first international adoptions took place in Spain has given a unique opportunity to research and conclude whether learning the second language follows the same developmental patterns and outcomes as compared to acquiring tongue language. AIM: To verify whether the evaluated subjects have reached the expected use and language proficiency for their chronological age...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215021/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-processing-speed-and-internalizing-symptoms-the-moderating-effect-of-age
#4
Lisa A Jacobson, Megan Geist, E Mark Mahone
Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) has been defined by a constellation of caregiver-reported symptoms that includes daydreaming, difficulty initiating and sustaining effort, lethargy, and physical underactivity. These symptoms have been observed in both typically developing children and in some children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-especially those with the predominantly inattentive presentation. Symptoms of SCT (typically identified via rating scales) appear separable from DSM inattentive ADHD symptoms, but have also been associated with internalizing symptoms...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115851/cognitive-profiles-in-bilingual-children-born-to-immigrant-parents-and-italian-monolingual-native-children-with-specific-learning-disorders
#5
Anna Riva, Renata Nacinovich, Nadia Bertuletti, Valentina Montrasi, Sara Marchetti, Francesca Neri, Monica Bomba
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to compare the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children(®) - fourth edition IV (WISC IV) intellectual profile of two groups of children with specific learning disorder, a group of bilingual children and a group of monolingual Italian children, in order to identify possible significant differences between them. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A group of 48 bilingual children and a group of 48 Italian monolingual children were included in this study...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111742/the-role-of-executive-functioning-in-memory-performance-in-pediatric-focal-epilepsy
#6
Leigh N Sepeta, Kaitlin Blackstone Casaletto, Virginia Terwilliger, Joy Facella-Ervolini, Maegan Sady, Jessica Mayo, William D Gaillard, Madison M Berl
OBJECTIVE: Learning and memory are essential for academic success and everyday functioning, but the pattern of memory skills and its relationship to executive functioning in children with focal epilepsy is not fully delineated. We address a gap in the literature by examining the relationship between memory and executive functioning in a pediatric focal epilepsy population. METHODS: Seventy children with focal epilepsy and 70 typically developing children matched on age, intellectual functioning, and gender underwent neuropsychological assessment, including measures of intelligence (Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence [WASI]/Differential Ability Scales [DAS]), as well as visual Children's Memory Scale (CMS Dot Locations) and verbal episodic memory (Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning [WRAML] Story Memory and California Verbal Learning Test for Children [CVLT-C])...
February 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101883/mytreehouse-self-concept-assessment-preliminary-psychometric-analysis-of-a-new-self-concept-assessment-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Sau Kuan Cheong, Cathryne P Lang, Sheryl A Hemphill, Leanne M Johnston
AIM: To evaluate the preliminary validity and reliability of the myTREEHOUSE Self-Concept Assessment for children with cerebral palsy (CP) aged 8 to 12 years. METHOD: The myTREEHOUSE Self-Concept Assessment includes 26 items divided into eight domains, assessed across three Performance Perspectives (Personal, Social, and Perceived) and an additional Importance Rating. Face and content validity was assessed by semi-structured interviews with seven expert professionals regarding the assessment construct, content, and clinical utility...
January 19, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050182/working-memory-training-in-the-form-of-structured-games-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
Fatemeh Khalili Kermani, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Fariba Yadegari, Fatemeh Haresabadi, Seyed Mehdi Sadeghi
Objective: In this study, a new training method of working memory (WM) was used in the form of structured games, and the effect of training was evaluated with a controlled design. The training method of WM in the form of structured games includes 20 sets of structured games that can improve WM and performance of executive functions. Method: Sixty children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) aged 8.5 to 11.2 years (35 boys), using no stimulant medication were selected. We randomly assigned 30 participants to the experimental group and provided them with WM training...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907284/working-memory-in-very-low-birthweight-children-at-the-age-of-11-years
#9
Satu Korpela, Anna Nyman, Petriina Munck, Annarilla Ahtola, Jaakko Matomäki, Tapio Korhonen, Riitta Parkkola, Leena Haataja
The aim of this study is to investigate the working memory (WM) of very-low-birthweight (VLBW, ≤ 1500 g) children at the age of 11 years using Baddeley's WM model. A regional cohort of 95 VLBW children was assessed for the domains of the WM model (central executive [CE], visuospatial sketchpad [VS], and phonological loop [PL]) using subtests from the Working Memory Test Battery for Children (WMTB-C) and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Fourth Edition (WISC-IV). VLBW children were categorized into three groups according to their degree of brain pathology (normal, minor, or major) in neonatal brain magnetic resonance imaging at the term age, and the WM performance was compared between groups to test norms...
December 1, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779427/cognitive-and-behavioral-outcomes-among-seizure-controlled-children-with-partial-epilepsy-on-antiepileptic-drug-monotherapy
#10
Thomas G Burns, Natasha N Ludwig, Tiffany N Tajiri, Nick DeFilippis
The objective of this study was to assess cognitive performance and behavioral symptoms in a sample of children diagnosed with partial epilepsy who were seizure controlled on AED monotherapy for one year. Ninety-eight seizure-controlled children on AED monotherapy were included in this study. Specific AEDs examined included topiramate, divalproex sodium, lamotrigine, levetiracetam, and oxcarbazepine. Groups did not differ on age, region of focal epilepsy, or Full-Scale IQ. Direct measures included the WISC-IV and selected tests from the DKEFS (Verbal Fluency and Trail Making Test)...
October 25, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729149/the-contribution-of-short-term-memory-capacity-to-reading-ability-in-adolescents-with-cochlear-implants
#11
Lindsey Edwards, Lynne Aitkenhead, Dawn Langdon
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to establish the relationship between short-term memory capacity and reading skills in adolescents with cochlear implants. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A between-groups design compared a group of young people with cochlear implants with a group of hearing peers on measures of reading, and auditory and visual short-term memory capacity. The groups were matched for non-verbal IQ and age. The adolescents with cochlear implants were recruited from the Cochlear Implant Programme at a specialist children's hospital...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703598/cognitive-function-in-nigerian-children-with-newly-diagnosed-epilepsy-a-preliminary-report
#12
Ike Oluwa Abiola Lagunju, Yetunde Celia Adeniyi, Gbemi Olukolade
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy has long been associated with cognitive dysfunction and educational underachievement. The purpose of the study was to describe the baseline findings from a larger prospective study. METHODS: New cases of epilepsy aged 6-16 years seen at a paediatric neurology clinic in Ibadan, Nigeria were evaluated for any evidence of cognitive impairment. Intelligence quotient (IQ) of the participants was measured using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV)...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665941/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-web-based-multi-modal-therapy-program-for-executive-functioning-in-children-and-adolescents-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy
#13
Adina M Piovesana, Stephanie Ross, Owen Lloyd, Koa Whittingham, Jenny Ziviani, Robert S Ware, Roslyn N Boyd
Purpose state: Determine the efficacy of Move-it-to-improve-it (Mitii™), a multi-modal web-based program, in improving Executive Function (EF) in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP). METHOD: Participants (n = 102) were matched in pairs then randomized to: intervention (Mitii™ for 20 weeks; n = 51; 26 males; mean age = 11 years 8 months (SD = 2 years 4 months); Full Scale IQ = 84.65 (SD = 15.19); 28 left UCP; GMFCS-E&R (I = 20, II = 31) or waitlist control (n = 50; 25 males; mean age = 11 years 10 months (SD = 2 years 5 months); Full Scale IQ = 80...
September 24, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639957/-neuropsychological-performance-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#14
Lilia Hernández Del Castillo, Antonio Martínez Bermejo, José Antonio Portellano Pérez, Pilar Tirado Requero, Alexandra Garriz Luis, Ramón Velázquez Fragua
INTRODUCTION: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a genetic disorder with various clinical manifestations that affect the peripheral and central nervous system, as well as the skin, bones and endocrine and vascular system. There is still insufficient knowledge of neuropsychological effects of NF1 on children, and there is some controversy about the cognitive deficits that defines the cognitive profile of patients affected by this disorder. AIMS: In this study an analysis is made of the neuropsychological performance of a group of patients affected by NF1, compared with a control group of healthy children...
September 14, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599218/bifactor-model-of-wisc-iv-applicability-and-measurement-invariance-in-low-and-normal-iq-groups
#15
Rapson Gomez, Alasdair Vance, Shaun Watson
This study examined the applicability and measurement invariance of the bifactor model of the 10 Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) core subtests in groups of children and adolescents (age range from 6 to 16 years) with low (IQ ≤79; N = 229; % male = 75.9) and normal (IQ ≥80; N = 816; % male = 75.0) IQ scores. Results supported this model in both groups, and there was good support for measurement invariance for this model across these groups. For all participants together, the omega hierarchical and explained common variance (ECV) values were high for the general factor and low to negligible for the specific factors...
September 5, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536855/cognitive-and-outcome-measures-seem-suboptimal-in-children-with-cochlear-implants-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
N Udholm, K Aaberg, C Bloch, M Sandahl, T Ovesen
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates whether cognition as a single variable significantly influences the hearing and speech outcomes of children with cochlear implants (CIs). More specifically, it identifies various types of cognitive disorders among children with CI, comparing these children's cognitive abilities to the outcomes of CI in terms of hearing and speech performance. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional cognitive testing of children with CIs. SETTING: West Danish CI Centre, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark...
August 18, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497293/impact-of-psychotic-symptoms-on-cognitive-functioning-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients-with-severe-mood-disorders
#17
James B McCarthy, Shira R Weiss, Kristin T Segovich, Baptiste Barbot
Despite established differences in cognitive functioning of adults with mood disorder-related psychosis and those with non-affective psychotic disorders, there is limited evidence of the impact of psychotic symptoms on the cognitive functioning of children and adolescents with mood disorders. This study investigates IQ, working memory, and processing speed scores in 80 child and adolescent inpatients discharged from an intermediate care state psychiatric hospital, using a retrospective chart review. Associations between diagnosis based on DSM-IV criteria (7 with Major Depression- MDD; 43 with Bipolar Disorders-BD, and 30 with Mood Disorders Not Otherwise Specified-NOS), presence of current psychotic features, and cognitive functioning (WISC-IV IQ, Coding, Symbol Search, and Digit Span) were investigated using Multivariate Analyses of Variance...
October 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495020/effect-of-prenatal-and-postnatal-malnutrition-on-intellectual-functioning-in-early-school-aged-children-in-rural-western-china
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Chao Li, Ni Zhu, Lingxia Zeng, Shaonong Dang, Jing Zhou, Hong Yan
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of prenatal and postnatal malnutrition on the intellectual functioning of early school-aged children. We followed the offspring of women who had participated in a trial of prenatal supplementation with different combinations of micronutrients and who remained resident in the study field. We measured their intellectual functioning using the Wechsler intelligence scale for children (WISC-IV). Height-for-age, weight-for-age, and body mass index (BMI)-for-age were used as anthropometric nutritional status indices...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479919/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-among-extremely-preterm-infants-6-5-years-after-active-perinatal-care-in-sweden
#19
Fredrik Serenius, Uwe Ewald, Aijaz Farooqi, Vineta Fellman, Maria Hafström, Kerstin Hellgren, Karel Maršál, Andreas Ohlin, Elisabeth Olhager, Karin Stjernqvist, Bo Strömberg, Ulrika Ådén, Karin Källén
Importance: Active perinatal care increases the rate of survival of extremely preterm infants, but there are concerns that improved survival might increase the rate of disabled survivors. Objective: To determine the neurodevelopmental outcomes of a national cohort of children 6.5 years of age who had been born extremely preterm (<27 weeks' gestational age) in Sweden. Design, Setting, and Participants: Population-based prospective cohort study of consecutively born extremely preterm infants...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448389/manganese-in-drinking-water-and-cognitive-abilities-and-behavior-at-10-years-of-age-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Syed Moshfiqur Rahman, Maria Kippler, Fahmida Tofail, Sven Bölte, Jena Derakhshani Hamadani, Marie Vahter
BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional studies have indicated impaired neurodevelopment by elevated drinking water manganese concentrations (W-Mn), but potential susceptible exposure windows are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate effects of W-Mn, from fetal life to school-age, on children's cognitive abilities and behavior. METHODS: We assessed cognitive abilities using Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV) and behavior using Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in 1,265 ten-year-old children in rural Bangladesh...
July 22, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
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