Read by QxMD icon Read

Standards for General Surgery

Stefan Buettner, Gaya Spolverato, Charles W Kimbrough, Sorin Alexandrescu, Hugo P Marques, Jorge Lamelas, Luca Aldrighetti, T Clark Gamblin, Shishir K Maithel, Carlo Pulitano, Matthew Weiss, Todd W Bauer, Feng Shen, George A Poultsides, J Wallis Marsh, Jan N M IJzermans, Bas Groot Koerkamp, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelets-to-lymphocyte ratio may be host factors associated with prognosis. We sought to determine whether neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelets-to-lymphocyte ratio were associated with overall survival among patients undergoing surgery for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: Patients who underwent resection for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma between 1990 and 2015 were identified from 12 major centers. Clinicopathologic factors and overall survival were compared among patients stratified by neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelets-to-lymphocyte ratio...
June 11, 2018: Surgery
Majid Eshghpour, Sahand Samieirad, Alireza Sharifian Attar, Hamed Kermani, Sadaf Seddigh
PURPOSE: Propofol and remifentanil are 2 useful drugs used in induced hypotensive anesthesia. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of these drugs on intraoperative blood loss, transfusion requirements, and hemodynamic status during standardized orthognathic surgical procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this double-blind randomized clinical trial, 50 consecutive healthy patients with Class III skeletal deformity were candidates for bimaxillary orthognathic surgery at Qaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (Mashhad, Iran), from November 2016 until December 2017...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
V Ivezaj, C M Grilo
Poor body image is common among individuals seeking bariatric surgery and is associated with adverse psychosocial sequelae. Following massive weight loss secondary to bariatric surgery, many individuals experience excess skin and associated concerns, leading to subsequent body contouring procedures. Little is known, however, about body image changes and associated features from pre-to post-bariatric surgery and subsequent body contouring. The objective of the present study was to conduct a comprehensive literature review of body image following bariatric surgery to help inform future clinical research and care...
June 13, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Sara Colella, Maik Haentschel, Pallav Shah, Venerino Poletti, Jürgen Hetzel
The lung biopsy in interstitial lung disease (ILD) represents an important diagnostic step when the clinical and radiological data are insufficient for a firm diagnosis. A growing body of evidence suggests the utility of transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBLC) in the diagnostic algorithm of ILD as it allows, compared to transbronchial lung biopsy with conventional forceps, a better identification of complex histological patterns - such as usual interstitial pneumonia - and can provide information which has a clinical impact on the multidisciplinary discussion similar to that provided by surgical lung biopsy...
June 12, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
M T Adil, V Jain, F Rashid, O Al-Taan, D Whitelaw, P Jambulingam
BACKGROUND: Obesity leads to an impairment of physical function that limits the ability to perform basic physical activities affecting quality of life. Literature on the effect of bariatric surgery on physical function is confounding and generally of low quality. METHODS: A comprehensive search was undertaken using MEDLINE, Scopus (including Embase), CENTRAL, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, Scirus and OpenGrey for published research and non-published studies to 31 March 2017...
June 12, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
Stefano Falcetta, Simona Cavallo, Vincenzo Gabbanelli, Paolo Pelaia, Massimiliano Sorbello, Ivana Zdravkovic, Abele Donati
BACKGROUND: Unpredictable difficult laryngoscopy remains a challenge for anaesthesiologists, especially if difficult ventilation occurs during standard laryngoscopy. Accurate airway assessment should always be performed, but the common clinical screening tests have shown low sensitivity and specificity with a limited predictive value. Ultrasound-based airway assessment has been proposed recently as a useful, simple, noninvasive bedside tool as an adjunct to clinical methods, but to date, few studies are available about the potential role of ultrasound in difficult airway evaluation, and these are mostly limited to specific groups of patients...
June 9, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Ferdinand Köckerling, Maarten P Simons
With more than 20 million patients annually, inguinal hernia repair is one of the most often performed surgical procedures worldwide. The lifetime risk to develop an inguinal hernia is 27-43% for men and 3-6% for women. In spite of all advances, 11% of all patients suffer from a recurrence and 10-12% from chronic pain following primary inguinal hernia repair. By developing evidence-based guidelines and recommendations, the international hernia societies aim to improve the outcome of inguinal hernia repair due to standardization of care...
April 2018: Visceral Medicine
Xiaoxi Feng, Jennifer Colvin, Judith French, Jane Wey
OBJECTIVE: There is no standardized method of communication regarding the arrival of outside hospital (OSH) transfers at our institution. We utilized quality improvement methodologies to enhance sign-out, benefiting both resident workflow and patient care. DESIGN: A dynamic census log of pending OSH transfers was created. Total number of OSH transfers (with or without prior notification), time to admission orders, and resident self-reported preparedness in receiving/triaging OSH admissions were measured before and after implementation of the census log tool...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Seth B Krantz, John A Howington, Douglas E Wood, Ki Wan Kim, Andrzej S Kosinski, Morgan L Cox, Sunghee Kim, Michael S Mulligan, Farhood Farjah
BACKGROUND: Prior studies suggest underutilization of invasive mediastinal staging for lung cancer. We hypothesized that Society of Thoracic Surgeons General Thoracic Surgery Database (STS-GTSD) participants would have higher rates of invasive staging compared to previous reports. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study (2012-2016) of lung cancer patients staged by computed tomography and positron-emission tomography and first treated with an anatomic resection...
June 5, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Samuel Attias, Keren Sivan, Ofri Avneri, Avigail Sagee, Eran Ben-Arye, Ofra Grinberg, Gideon Sroka, Ibrahim Matter, Elad Schiff
OBJECTIVE: Inadequate treatment of pain in patients undergoing surgery is associated with unsatisfactory perioperative outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine the role of reflexology in addition to standard analgesic treatment in postoperative pain management. DESIGN: This was a prospective, unblinded pragmatic controlled trial. SETTING/LOCATION: Study participants included patients who were admitted to the general surgery department...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Takako Fujita, Motoyo Iwade, Keiko Hamada, Makoto Ozaki
PURPOSE: We retrospectively studied perioperative management of patients receiving opioid treatment for cancer pain to facilitate establishing a standard policy for our institute. METHODS: Subjects were patients who had been administered strong opioids for cancer pain and had undergone surgery with general anesthesia. We divided the patients into groups C and D. Group C was comprised of patients who had been administered their baseline opioids continuously during the perioperative period, and group D of those who had discontinued baseline opioid use during this period...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
V F Koehler, M Reincke, C Spitzweg
The diagnosis of hypothyroidism is primarily based on clinical signs and symptoms as well as measurement of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration. Subclinical hypothyroidism is characterized by elevated TSH with normal serum free thyroxine (fT4 ) and triiodothyronine (fT3 ) levels, while in manifest hypothyroidism serum fT4 and fT3 levels are reduced. Common causes of primary hypothyroidism are autoimmune thyroiditis as well as therapeutic interventions, such as thyroid surgery or radioiodine therapy...
June 5, 2018: Der Internist
Hyeon-Jeong Lee, Minsu Ock, Kyu-Pyo Kim, Min-Woo Jo
Background: This study aimed to generate utility weights of gastric cancer-related health states from the perspective of the Korean general population. Methods: The Korean adults (age ≥19 years) included in the study were sampled using multistage quota sampling methods stratified by sex, age, and education level. Nine scenarios for hypothetical gastric cancer-related health states were developed and reviewed. After consenting to participate, the subjects were surveyed by trained interviewers using a computer-assisted personal interview method...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Nerea Sanchis-Lopez, Carolina Romero-Garcia, Jose De Andres-Ibanez, Ruth Martinez-Plumed, Pablo Rodriguez-Gimillo, Maria Jose Hernandez-Cadiz, Vincente Abril-Lopez de Medrano
BACKGROUND: Chronic back pain is a prevalent disease and has a high impact in daily life. Implantable devices (IDs) for chronic pain management include spinal cord stimulation (SCS) systems and intrathecal drug delivery (ITDD) pumps. The number of ITDD implants have increased exponentially in the last decade. The number of complications, such as infections, are also more prevalent. Infection management guidelines are needed to standarize our clinical practice and define protocols of explantation...
May 2018: Pain Physician
Yuri van der Does, Maarten Limper, Kim E Jie, Stephanie C E Schuit, Henry Jansen, Niki Pernot, Joost van Rosmalen, Marten J Poley, Christian Ramakers, Peter Patka, Eric C M van Gorp, Pleunie P M Rood
OBJECTIVES: Overuse of broad-spectrum antibiotics in emergency departments(EDs) results in antibiotic resistance. We determined if procalcitonin(PCT)-guided therapy can be used to reduce antibiotic regimens in EDs by investigating efficacy, safety and accuracy. METHODS: This was a noninferiority multicenter randomized clinical trial, performed in two Dutch hospitals. Adult patients with fever ≥38.2°C(100.8°F) in triage were randomized between standard diagnostic workup(control group) and PCT-guided therapy, defined as standard workup with addition of one single PCT measurement...
June 2, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Howard Y Park, Stephen D Zoller, William L Sheppard, Vishal Hegde, Ryan A Smith, Rachel M Borthwell, Samuel J Clarkson, Christopher D Hamad, Joshua D Proal, Nicholas M Bernthal
BACKGROUND: According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) Standards of Professionalism, the responsible testimony of expert witnesses in orthopaedic surgery malpractice lawsuits is important to the public interest. However, these expert witnesses are recruited and compensated without established standards, and their testimony can potentially sway court opinion, with substantial consequences. The objective of this study was to characterize defense and plaintiff expert orthopaedic surgeon witnesses in orthopaedic surgery malpractice litigation...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Carol Y Cheung, Sophia Ling Li, Noel Chan, Mandy Wong, Poemen Chan, Isabel Lai, Nafees Baig, Shaoying Tan, Xiaofei Man, Fangyao Tang, Yu Meng Wang, Clement C Tham
PURPOSE: To determine the demographic, ocular, and systemic factors associated with long-term intraocular pressure (IOP) fluctuation in primary angle closure disease (PACD). METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 422 PACD eyes from 269 Chinese patients, including 274 primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) eyes and 152 primary angle closure / primary angle closure suspect (PAC/PACS) eyes. Long-term IOP fluctuation defined as the standard deviation of all IOP measurements over 2 years (at least 5 measurements in total)...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
Philippe Bulens, Melissa Thomas, Christophe M Deroose, Karin Haustermans
Radiotherapy is the standard of care in the multimodality treatment of a variety of gastrointestinal (GI) tumours, such as oesophageal cancer, gastric cancer, rectal cancer and anal cancer. Additionally, radiotherapy has served as an alternative for surgery in patients with liver cancer, cancer of the biliary tract and pancreatic cancer. Positron-emission tomography (PET), generally in combination with computed tomography (CT), has an established role in the diagnosis, response assessment and (re-)staging of several GI tumours...
June 4, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Christopher Whaley
BACKGROUND: Wide variations exist in price and quality for health-care services, but the link between price and quality remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: This paper used claims data from a large commercially insured population to assess the association between both procedure- and provider-level prices and complication rates for three common outpatient surgical services. DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study. SETTING: The study used medical claims data from commercial health plans between 2009 and 2013 for three outpatient surgical services-joint arthroscopy, cataract surgery, and colonoscopy...
June 4, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Stephanie Weibel, Yvonne Jelting, Nathan L Pace, Antonia Helf, Leopold Hj Eberhart, Klaus Hahnenkamp, Markus W Hollmann, Daniel M Poepping, Alexander Schnabel, Peter Kranke
BACKGROUND: The management of postoperative pain and recovery is still unsatisfactory in a number of cases in clinical practice. Opioids used for postoperative analgesia are frequently associated with adverse effects, including nausea and constipation, preventing smooth postoperative recovery. Not all patients are suitable for, and benefit from, epidural analgesia that is used to improve postoperative recovery. The non-opioid, lidocaine, was investigated in several studies for its use in multimodal management strategies to reduce postoperative pain and enhance recovery...
June 4, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"