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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914274/the-adaptive-psychological-changes-of-elective-induction-of-labor-in-breastfeeding-women
#1
Vincenzo Zanardo, Martina Bertin, Laura Sansone, Laura Felice
BACKGROUND: Labor induction has been associated with breastfeeding suppression, but reasons for why this association exists have not been well determined. METHODS: We examined the influence of elective labor induction by vaginal prostaglandin at gestational week 41(+3)days on affective, cognitive, and behavioural adaptations early in puerperium and on breastfeeding pattern at 1 and 3months. RESULTS: One hundred and eighty consecutive puerperae were assigned to two groups: mothers having received vaginal prostaglandin E2 gel (Prepidil®, dinoprostone) before labor (PGE group, n=90) and mothers having received no treatment (unmedicated group, n=90)...
November 30, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914245/perinatal-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-regulation-among-women-with-eating-disorders-and-their-infants
#2
A Easter, E Taborelli, A Bye, P A Zunszain, C M Pariante, J Treasure, U Schmidt, N Micali
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric illness is associated with heightened hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity during pregnancy which may have long term effects on infant stress regulation. HPA axis regulation has not previously been investigated in women with eating disorders (ED) or their infants during the perinatal period. METHODS: Women were recruited to a prospective longitudinal study in three groups: 1) current or active ED (C-ED=31), 2) past ED (P-ED=29) and healthy control (HC=57)...
November 11, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913921/language-difficulty-at-school-entry-and-the-trajectories-of-hyperactivity-inattention-problems-from-ages-4-to-11-evidence-from-a-population-representative-cohort-study
#3
Shaun Goh Kok Yew, Richard O'Kearney
Latent growth curve modelling was used to contrast the developmental trajectories of hyperactivity-inattention (H-I) problems across childhood for children with a language difficulty at the start of school and those with typical language and to examine if the presence of a language difficulty moderates the associations of child, parent and peer predictors with these trajectories. Unconditional and language-status conditional latent growth curves of H-I problems were estimated for a large nationally representative cohort of children, comprising 1627 boys (280 - language difficulty) and 1609 girls (159 - language difficulty) measured at age 4 to 5, 6 to 7, 8 to 9 and 10 to 11...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913760/neighborhood-physical-disorder-and-psychological-distress-does-the-risk-increase-with-age
#4
Manacy Pai, Joongbaeck Kim
Although research documents a link between neighborhood physical disorder and psychological distress, we know little about the extent to which this association varies by age. Utilizing the person-environment fit model and drawing on data from the fourth wave of the Americans' Changing Lives Survey, we examine the extent to which age influences the association between perceptions of neighborhood physical disorder and psychological distress, as measured by depressive symptoms. We employ both continuous and categorical measures of age to test for a potential moderating effect...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912936/effects-of-mind-body-exercises-on-the-physiological-and-psychosocial-well-being-of-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
JoJo Yan Yan Kwok, Kai Chow Choi, Helen Yue Lai Chan
OBJECTIVES: The effects of mind-body exercises on individuals with chronic illnesses have attracted increasing attention. However, little effort had been made to systematically review the effects of these mind-body exercises on individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). This review aimed to appraise the current evidence of the effects of mind-body exercises on the physiological and psychological outcomes for the PD population. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912871/short-term-open-label-chamomile-matricaria-chamomilla-l-therapy-of-moderate-to-severe-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#6
John R Keefe, Jun J Mao, Irene Soeller, Qing S Li, Jay D Amsterdam
BACKGROUND: Conventional drug treatments for Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) are often accompanied by substantial side effects, dependence, and/or withdrawal syndrome. A prior controlled study of oral chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) extract showed significant efficacy versus placebo, and suggested that chamomile may have anxiolytic activity for individuals with GAD. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that treatment with chamomile extract would result in a significant reduction in GAD severity ratings, and would be associated with a favorable adverse event and tolerability profile...
December 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911972/integrating-behavioral-health-into-pediatric-primary-care-implications-for-provider-time-and-cost
#7
Natasha Gouge, Jodi Polaha, Rachel Rogers, Amy Harden
OBJECTIVES: Integrating a behavioral health consultant (BHC) into primary care is associated with improved patient outcomes, fewer medical visits, and increased provider satisfaction; however, few studies have evaluated the feasibility of this model from an operations perspective. Specifically, time and cost have been identified as barriers to implementation. Our study aimed to examine time spent, patient volume, and revenue generated during days when the on-site BHC was available compared with days when the consultant was not...
December 2016: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910865/auditory-evoked-potential-could-reflect-emotional-sensitivity-and-impulsivity
#8
Ji Sun Kim, Sungkean Kim, Wookyoung Jung, Chang-Hwan Im, Seung-Hwan Lee
Emotional sensitivity and impulsivity could cause interpersonal conflicts and neuropsychiatric problems. Serotonin is correlated with behavioral inhibition and impulsivity. This study evaluated whether the loudness dependence of auditory evoked potential (LDAEP), a potential biological marker of central serotonergic activity, could reflect emotional sensitivity and impulsivity. A total of 157 healthy individuals were recruited, who performed LDAEP and Go/Nogo paradigms during electroencephalogram measurement...
December 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910716/persistent-amenorrhea-and-decreased-dheas-to-cortisol-ratio-after-recovery-from-anorexia-nervosa
#9
Alessandra Andrisani, Chiara Sabbadin, Silvia Minardi, Angela Favaro, Gabriella Donà, Luciana Bordin, Guido Ambrosini, Decio Armanini
Persistent amenorrhea is a frequent condition affecting anorexic patients after stable weight recovery. It has been proposed that it could be due to alterations of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis linked with persistent hormonal impairments, such as relative hypercortisolemia and hypoleptinemia, and psychological symptoms related to anorexia nervosa (AN). The aim of our study was to evaluate the metabolic and hormonal pattern involved in the persistence of amenorrhea after recovery from AN. Eight weight-recovered anorexic patients with amenorrhea were investigated and matched with 10 healthy eumenorrhoic women, comparable for age and BMI...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909882/lower-depression-scores-associated-with-greater-weight-loss-among-rural-black-women-in-a-behavioral-weight-loss-program
#10
Tiffany L Carson, Bradford E Jackson, Timiya S Nolan, Angela Williams, Monica L Baskin
Depression and stress have been associated with less weight loss among some participants in behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs. The purpose of this study was to (1) measure the levels of depression and stress among a sample of black women living in rural Alabama and Mississippi who were participating in a BWL program and (2) examine the association between these psychosocial variables and weight loss outcomes of participants at 6 months. Overweight and obese black women in a BWL program (n = 409) completed validated surveys to measure depression and stress at baseline and 6 months...
December 1, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909834/effects-of-maternal-health-anxiety-on-children-s-health-complaints-emotional-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#11
Mette Viller Thorgaard, Lisbeth Frostholm, Lynn S Walker, Kristian Stengaard-Pedersen, Mads Münster Karlsson, Jens Søndergaard Jensen, Per Fink, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask
Little is known about family risk factors and intergenerational transmission of psychological disturbance in the development of health anxiety (HA). This study investigated HA and related concepts in 8- to 17-year-old children who had been exposed to different maternal health status. Using a family case-control design, three family groups were included: (1) 50 case children of mothers with severe (HA); (2) 49 control children of mothers with rheumatoid arthritis (RA); and (3) 51 control children of healthy mothers...
December 1, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909646/the-neural-mechanisms-of-meditative-practices-novel-approaches-for-healthy-aging
#12
REVIEW
Bianca P Acevedo, Sarah Pospos, Helen Lavretsky
OBJECTIVES: Meditation has been shown to have physical, cognitive, and psychological health benefits that can be used to promote healthy aging. However, the common and specific mechanisms of response remain elusive due to the diverse nature of mind-body practices. METHODS: In this review, we aim to compare the neural circuits implicated in focused-attention meditative practices that focus on present-moment awareness to those involved in active-type meditative practices (e...
2016: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909423/how-do-you-play-a-comparison-among-children-aged-4-10
#13
Elisa Delvecchio, Jian-Bin Li, Chiara Pazzagli, Adriana Lis, Claudia Mazzeschi
Pretend play has a central role for children's development and psychological well-being. However, there is a paucity of standardized and valid measures specifically devoted to assess the core domains involved in play activities in preschool and primary school children. The Affect in Play Scale-Preschool (4-5 years) and the Affect in Play Scale-Preschool Extended Version (6-10 years) are semi-structured parallel tools designed to explore child's cognitive and affective processes using a standardized play task...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907210/assessing-potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-in-community-dwelling-older-patients-using-the-updated-version-of-stopp-start-criteria-a-comparison-of-profiles-and-prevalences-with-respect-to-the-original-version
#14
Encarnación Blanco-Reina, Maria Rosa García-Merino, Ricardo Ocaña-Riola, Lorena Aguilar-Cano, Jennifer Valdellós, Inmaculada Bellido-Estévez, Gabriel Ariza-Zafra
Emerging and changing evidence made it necessary to update STOPP-START criteria, and version 2 was published recently. In this study the objectives were to determine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medication prescribing (PIM) in primary care using STOPP versions 1 (v1) and 2 (v2), as well as 2012 AGS Beers criteria, and analyze the factors associated with inappropriate prescribing according to STOPP/START v2. A cross-sectional study was carried out including community-dwelling older adults over the age of 65...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907074/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-type-2-diabetes-management-the-moderating-role-of-coping-styles
#15
Zeinab Shayeghian, Hamidreza Hassanabadi, Maria E Aguilar-Vafaie, Parisa Amiri, Mohammad Ali Besharat
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Evidence of the efficacy of existing psychological interventions for self-management in diabetes is limited. The current study aimed at assessing the effects of group-based ACT on self-management of patients with T2DM, considering the moderating role of coping styles. METHODS: One hundred and six patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned either to the education alone (n = 53) or to a combination of education and group-based acceptance and commitment therapy (n = 53) over a period of 10 sessions...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905966/rapid-assessment-of-disability-in-the-philippines-understanding-prevalence-well-being-and-access-to-the-community-for-people-with-disabilities-to-inform-the-w-dare-project
#16
Manjula Marella, Alexandra Devine, Graeme Ferdinand Armecin, Jerome Zayas, Ma Jesusa Marco, Cathy Vaughan
BACKGROUND: International recognition that people with disabilities were excluded from the Millennium Development Goals has led to better inclusion of people with disabilities in the recently agreed Global Goals for Sustainable Development (SDGs) 2015-2030. Given the current global agenda for disability inclusion, it is crucial to increase the understanding of the situation of people with disabilities in the Philippines. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of disability and compare the well-being and access to the community between people with and without disabilities...
August 2, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905903/immediate-effect-of-cpap-titration-on-perceived-health-related-quality-of-life-a-prospective-observational-study
#17
Serena Iacono Isidoro, Adriana Salvaggio, Anna Lo Bue, Salvatore Romano, Oreste Marrone, Giuseppe Insalaco
BACKGROUND: Perceived Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is impaired in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This study examines changes in HRQoL aspects occurring immediately after CPAP titration. Furthermore, we analyzed variations in each gender and in patients undergoing home or laboratory-based CPAP titration pathways. METHODS: Twohundredfive outpatients (151 M) (56.7 ± 10.3 years) were evaluated, before first visit and nocturnal diagnostic examination (T0), and the morning after CPAP titration (T1)...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905677/coping-and-caring-support-resources-integral-to-perioperative-nurses-during-the-process-of-organ-procurement-surgery
#18
Zaneta Smith, Gavin Leslie, Dianne Wynaden
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: This paper, discusses and explores the levels of support provided to perioperative nurses' when participating in multi-organ procurement surgery and the impact to their overall well-being. BACKGROUND: Assisting within multi-organ procurement surgical procedures has been recognised to impact on the well-being of perioperative nurses leaving little opportunity for them to recover from their participation or to seek available support resources. To date, this area has remained largely unexplored with limited evidence of how nurses manage and cope with these procedures, in addition to the support received in the workplace...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905255/rumination-and-self-reflection-in-stress-narratives-and-relations-to-psychological-functioning
#19
Kelly A Marin, Elena K Rotondo
The longitudinal study aims to expand what is known about the costs and benefits of narrating stressful experiences by exploring changes in rumination within the narrative process and comparing it to changes in self-reflection. Rumination (e.g., brooding, self-criticism, and negative emotions) and self-reflection were measured in stress narratives of 56 college students. There were several goals: (1) examine changes in narrative rumination and narrative self-reflection over 3 days of writing, (2) examine the relations among the changes in narrative rumination variables and narrative self-reflection and (3) examine how changes in narrative rumination and narrative self-reflection relate to multiple measures of psychological functioning...
January 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904636/effect-of-cognitive-behavioral-stress-management-program-on-psychosomatic-patients-quality-of-life
#20
Zahra Ghazavi, Esmat Rahimi, Mohsen Yazdani, Hamid Afshar
BACKGROUND: Level of stress and its management affects the dimensions of psychosomatic patients' quality of life (QoL), which is an important psychological issue. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of cognitive behavioral stress management program on psychosomatic patients' QoL. In cognitive behavioral method, patients discover thought and behavioral mistakes and recover them. The criterion to evaluate the success of the present study was measurement of the patients' QoL and its notable improvement after intervention...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
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