keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

comparative psychology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640962/awareness-of-suicide-risk-and-communication-between-health-care-professionals-and-next-of-kin-of-suicides-in-the-month-before-suicide
#1
Brian Draper, Karolina Krysinska, John Snowdon, Diego De Leo
Based on psychological autopsy data, the study compared awareness of suicide risk in the deceased among next-of-kin (NOK) and health care professionals (HCPs), and communication between these two groups in the month before death. The NOKs had significantly more knowledge about the decedent's suicide warning signs than the HCPs (90.5% vs. 44.6%). Contact between NOK and HCP was initiated more often by the family than the HCPs (29.4% vs. 5.9%). The study found communication gaps between HCPs and NOK and stresses the need for suicide prevention strategies strengthening communication between these two groups...
June 22, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640836/craniofacial-similarity-analysis-through-sparse-principal-component-analysis
#2
Junli Zhao, Fuqing Duan, Zhenkuan Pan, Zhongke Wu, Jinhua Li, Qingqiong Deng, Xiaona Li, Mingquan Zhou
The computer-aided craniofacial reconstruction (CFR) technique has been widely used in the fields of criminal investigation, archaeology, anthropology and cosmetic surgery. The evaluation of craniofacial reconstruction results is important for improving the effect of craniofacial reconstruction. Here, we used the sparse principal component analysis (SPCA) method to evaluate the similarity between two sets of craniofacial data. Compared with principal component analysis (PCA), SPCA can effectively reduce the dimensionality and simultaneously produce sparse principal components with sparse loadings, thus making it easy to explain the results...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640766/impact-of-recurrence-of-ovarian-cancer-on-quality-of-life-and-outlook-for-the-future
#3
Nicoletta Colombo, Domenica Lorusso, Paolo Scollo
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian cancer recurs in most patients, with a 5-year survival rate less than 30%. Quality of life is an increasingly important issue in patients with cancer, but there are limited data in women with recurrent ovarian cancer in this regard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used an ad hoc questionnaire to compare changes in health perceptions, burden of disease, and expectations for the future quality of life in women with and without recurrence of ovarian cancer...
July 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636896/early-maladaptive-schemas-of-emotional-deprivation-social-isolation-shame-and-abandonment-are-related-to-a-history-of-suicide-attempts-among-patients-with-major-depressive-disorders
#4
Mohammad Ahmadpanah, Sommayyeh Astinsadaf, Amineh Akhondi, Mohammad Haghighi, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Marzieh Nazaribadie, Leila Jahangard, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
BACKGROUND: Patients with psychiatric disorders have an exceptionally high risk of completed or attempted suicide. This holds particularly true for patients with major depressive disorders. The aim of the present study was to explore whether patients with major depressive disorders (MDD) and a history of suicide attempts differed in their early maladaptive schemas from patients with MDD but without such a history or from healthy controls. METHOD: Ninety participants took part in the study...
June 18, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636668/microbiota-in-anorexia-nervosa-the-triangle-between-bacterial-species-metabolites-and-psychological-tests
#5
Francesca Borgo, Alessandra Riva, Alberto Benetti, Maria Cristina Casiraghi, Sara Bertelli, Stefania Garbossa, Simona Anselmetti, Silvio Scarone, Antonio E Pontiroli, Giulia Morace, Elisa Borghi
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a psychiatric disease with devastating physical consequences, with a pathophysiological mechanism still to be elucidated. Metagenomic studies on anorexia nervosa have revealed profound gut microbiome perturbations as a possible environmental factor involved in the disease. In this study we performed a comprehensive analysis integrating data on gut microbiota with clinical, anthropometric and psychological traits to gain new insight in the pathophysiology of AN. Fifteen AN women were compared with fifteen age-, sex- and ethnicity-matched healthy controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635535/effect-of-the-previous-reproductive-outcomes-in-subfertile-women-after-in-vitro-fertilization-ivf-and-or-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-icsi-treatments-on-perinatal-anxious-and-depressive-symptomatology
#6
Francesca Agostini, Fiorella Monti, Marcella Paterlini, Federica Andrei, Stefano Palomba, Giovanni Battista La Sala
INTRODUCTION: The present study aims to investigate the effects of previous reproductive outcomes on the levels of depression, anxiety and perceived social support in subfertile women who conceived after in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was developed. Data were collected on subfertile patients who conceived after IVF/ICSI treatment. All demographic and clinical data were recorded...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635529/major-obstetric-hemorrhage-a-follow-up-survey-on-quality-of-life-of-women-and-their-partners
#7
Giel van Stralen, Laurine L M Ruijten, Ad A Kaptein, Ron Wolterbeek, Jos van Roosmalen
INTRODUCTION: A description is given of the quality of life (QOL) of women who were treated with peripartum embolization or hysterectomy for major obstetric hemorrhage (MOH). METHODS: Questionnaires assessing QOL, combined with questionnaires and drawings assessing illness perceptions, were used to compare women with MOH to reference groups provided by the questionnaires. RESULTS: Women who experienced MOH have similar scores on QOL questionnaires compared to reference groups...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634659/effects-of-single-moor-baths-on-physiological-stress-response-and-psychological-state-a-pilot-study
#8
M Stier-Jarmer, D Frisch, C Oberhauser, G Immich, M Kirschneck, A Schuh
Moor mud applications in the form of packs and baths are widely used therapeutically as part of balneotherapy. They are commonly given as therapy for musculoskeletal disorders, with their thermo-physical effects being furthest studied. Moor baths are one of the key therapeutic elements in our recently developed and evaluated 3-week prevention program for subjects with high stress level and increased risk of developing a burnout syndrome. An embedded pilot study add-on to this core project was carried out to assess the relaxing effect of a single moor bath...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634305/data-driven-extraction-of-a-nested-model-of-human-brain-function
#9
Taylor Bolt, Jason S Nomi, B T Thomas Yeo, Lucina Q Uddin
Decades of cognitive neuroscience research have revealed two basic facts regarding task-driven brain activation patterns. First, distinct patterns of activation occur in response to different task demands. Second, a superordinate, dichotomous pattern of activation/de-activation, is common across a variety of task demands. We explore the possibility that a hierarchical model incorporates these two observed brain activation phenomena into a unifying framework. We apply a latent variable approach, exploratory bi-factor analysis, to a large set of human (both sexes) brain activation maps (n = 108) encompassing cognition, perception, action and emotion behavioral domains, to determine the potential existence of a nested structure of factors that underlies a variety of commonly observed activation patterns...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633999/characteristics-of-a-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-sample-recruited-using-amazon-s-mechanical-turk
#10
John Bernstein, Matthew Calamia
BACKGROUND: Several barriers exist in the recruitment of individuals with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The current study is the first to examine whether crowdsourcing, which has been used in other clinical populations, is useful in the recruitment of those with mTBI. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk), an online crowdsourcing platform, is a useful tool in the recruitment of individuals with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and to examine the injury and psychological characteristics of individuals who report a history of mTBI...
June 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632746/body-part-compatibility-effects-are-modulated-by-the-tendency-for-women-to-experience-negative-social-comparative-emotions-and-the-body-type-of-the-model
#11
Eva Pila, Kimberely Jovanov, Timothy N Welsh, Catherine M Sabiston
Although exposure to physique-salient media images of women's bodies has been consistently linked with negative psychological consequences, little is known about the cognitive processes that lead to these negative effects. The present study employed a novel adaptation of a computerized response time (RT) task to (i) assess implicit cognitive processing when exposed to the body of another individual, and (ii) examine individual differences in social comparative emotions that may influence the cognitive processing of human bodies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632358/increased-beta-power-in-the-bereaved-families-of-the-sewol-ferry-disaster-a-paradoxical-compensatory-phenomenon-a-two-channel-electroencephalography-study
#12
Kuk-In Jang, Miseon Shim, Sang Min Lee, Hyu Jung Huh, Seung Huh, Ji-Young Joo, Seung-Hwan Lee, Jeong-Ho Chae
AIM: The Sewol ferry capsizing accident in South Korea's southern coast had resulted in the death of 304 people, and serious bereavement problems of their families. Electroencephalography (EEG) beta frequency is associated with psychiatric symptoms such as insomnia. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between frontal beta power, psychological symptoms, and insomnia in the bereaved families. METHODS: Eighty-four family members of the Sewol ferry victims (32 men and 52 women) were recruited and their EEG was compared with that of 25 (13 men and 12 women) healthy controls...
June 20, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632035/a-comprehensive-study-of-worldwide-selfie-related-accidental-mortality-a-growing-problem-of-the-modern-society
#13
Mohit J Jain, Kinjal J Mavani
Since Oxford dictionary has described 'Selfie', selfie deaths have received a fair amount of coverage but the extent of the problem and the data behind it have not been appropriately explored. The aim of our study is to obtain epidemiological characteristics of selfie-related mortality worldwide with the objective of providing an insight to 'Why selfie', 'Why risky', 'Psychological basis' and 'measures of control.' Despite thousands of web pages, very few scientific articles are available in medical journals...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631890/oxidative-stress-and-psychiatric-morbidity-in-patients-with-facial-acne
#14
Sara M Awad, Hanan Morsy, Ayat A Sayed, Nahed A Mohamed, Ghada M Ezzat, Mostafa M Noaman
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a common cosmetic problem that is frequently associated with psychosocial disturbances as well as increased oxidative stress. However, oxidative stress and psychological aspects have been studied separately in acne. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationships between oxidative stress, anxiety, depression, and quality of life in acne patients. METHODS: Sixty patients with facial acne and 40 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals were included in the study...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631350/standard-errors-and-confidence-intervals-for-correlations-corrected-for-indirect-range-restriction-a-simulation-study-comparing-analytic-and-bootstrap-methods
#15
Tamar Kennet-Cohen, Dvir Kleper, Elliot Turvall
A frequent topic of psychological research is the estimation of the correlation between two variables from a sample that underwent a selection process based on a third variable. Due to indirect range restriction, the sample correlation is a biased estimator of the population correlation, and a correction formula is used. In the past, bootstrap standard error and confidence intervals for the corrected correlations were examined with normal data. The present study proposes a large-sample estimate (an analytic method) for the standard error, and a corresponding confidence interval for the corrected correlation...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630030/alzheimer-s-brains-show-inter-related-changes-in-rna-and-lipid-metabolism
#16
Shahar Barbash, Benjamin P Garfinkel, Rotem Maoz, Alon Simchovitz, Bettina Nadorp, Alessandro Guffanti, Estelle R Bennett, Courtney Nadeau, Andreas Türk, Lukas Paul, Torsten Reda, Yan Li, Aron S Buchman, David S Greenberg, Alexander Seitz, David A Bennett, Patrick Giavalisco, Hermona Soreq
Alzheimer's disease (AD) involves changes in both lipid and RNA metabolism, but it remained unknown if these differences associate with AD's cognition and/or post-mortem neuropathology indices. Here, we report RNA-sequencing evidence of inter-related associations between lipid processing, cognition level, and AD neuropathology. In two unrelated cohorts, we identified pathway-enriched facilitation of lipid processing and alternative splicing genes, including the neuronal-enriched NOVA1 and hnRNPA1. Specifically, this association emerged in temporal lobe tissue samples from donors where postmortem evidence demonstrated AD neuropathology, but who presented normal cognition proximate to death...
June 16, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629989/patient-proxy-agreement-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-one-year-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Hei-Fen Hwang, Chih-Yi Chen, Mau-Roung Lin
OBJECTIVE: To examine the level of agreement between patients and their proxies on a measure of health-related quality of life (HRQL) 1 year after traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: and Setting: Eighty-eighty patients with TBI identified from discharge records of four hospitals in Taiwan and 88 family members or friends who could answer questions regarding the patient's health and HRQL 1 year after the injury...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629675/misdiagnosis-is-an-important-factor-for-diagnostic-delay-in-mcardle-disease
#18
Renata Siciliani Scalco, Jasper M Morrow, Suzanne Booth, Sherryl Chatfield, Richard Godfrey, Ros Quinlivan
Diagnosis of McArdle disease is frequently delayed by many years following the first presentation of symptoms to a health professional. The aim of this study was to investigate the importance of misdiagnosis in delaying diagnosis of McArdle disease. The frequency of misdiagnosis, duration of diagnostic delay, categories of misdiagnoses and inappropriate medical interventions were assessed in 50 genetically confirmed patients. The results demonstrated a high frequency of misdiagnosis (90%, n = 45/50) most commonly during childhood years (67%; n = 30/45) compared with teenage years and adulthood (teenage: n = 7/45; adult n = 5/45; not known n = 3/45)...
May 3, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629342/hypnosis-in-patients-with-perceived-stress-a-systematic-review
#19
S Fisch, B Brinkhaus, M Teut
BACKGROUND: Although hypnosis and hypnotherapy have become more popular in recent years, the evidence for hypnosis to influence perceived stress is unclear. In this systematic review we searched and evaluated randomized clinical studies investigating the effect of hypnosis on perceived stress reduction and coping. METHODS: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Database of Abstracts of Review of Effects, EMBASE, Medline, PsycINFO, PSYNDEX and PubMed were systematically screened from their inception until December 2015 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting about hypnosis or hypnotherapy for stress reduction in healthy participants...
June 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628918/bifidobacterium-rich-fecal-donor-may-be-a-positive-predictor-for-successful-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#20
Shinta Mizuno, Tatsuhiro Masaoka, Makoto Naganuma, Taishiro Kishimoto, Momoko Kitazawa, Shunya Kurokawa, Moeko Nakashima, Kozue Takeshita, Wataru Suda, Masaru Mimura, Masahira Hattori, Takanori Kanai
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dysbiosis is associated with various systemic disorders including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) might restore intestinal microbial balance. The study aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of FMT in IBS patients, as well as also positive predictors for FMT. METHODS: This was a single-arm, open-label study. Eligible patients were diagnosed based on Rome III Diagnostic Criteria. Fecal materials were administered to the patient via colonoscopy...
June 21, 2017: Digestion
keyword
keyword
42847
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"