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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549595/mental-health-service-utilization-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-questioning-or-queer-college-students
#1
Michael S Dunbar, Lisa Sontag-Padilla, Rajeev Ramchand, Rachana Seelam, Bradley D Stein
PURPOSE: College students are at high risk for mental health problems, yet many do not receive treatment even when services are available. Treatment needs may be even higher among sexual minority students, but little is known about how these students differ from heterosexual peers in terms of mental health needs and service utilization. METHODS: A total of 33,220 California college students completed an online survey on mental health needs (e.g., current serious psychological distress and mental health-related academic impairment) and service utilization...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549317/frontal-and-subcortical-grey-matter-reductions-in-ptsd
#2
Daniel C M O'Doherty, Ashleigh Tickell, Will Ryder, Charles Chan, Daniel F Hermens, Maxwell R Bennett, Jim Lagopoulos
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterised by a range of debilitating psychological, physical and cognitive symptoms. PTSD has been associated with grey matter atrophy in limbic and frontal cortical brain regions. However, previous studies have reported heterogeneous findings, with grey matter changes observed beyond limbic/frontal areas. Seventy-five adults were recruited from the community, 25 diagnosed with PTSD along with 25 healthy and 25 trauma exposed age and gender matched controls. Participants underwent clinical assessment and magnetic resonance imaging...
May 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549313/the-persistent-shadow-of-suicide-ideation-and-attempts-in-a-high-risk-group-of-psychiatric-patients-a-focus-for-intervention
#3
Jane G Tillman, A Jill Clemence, Robyn Cree, Katie C Lewis, Jennifer L Stevens, David Reiss
OBJECTIVE: Patients with a history of suicidal ideation or attempts, especially if they have serious psychopathology with repeated hospitalizations, are burdened by ongoing risk for suicide. We studied this high-risk group to assess their psychological status following their most recent suicide attempt, in contrast to equally ill patients without a suicide history. Further, among suicidal patients, we compared those with only ideation, with a non-medically serious suicide attempt and with medically serious suicide attempts...
May 18, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548624/changes-in-attachment-organization-emotion-dysregulation-and-interpersonal-problems-among-women-in-treatment-for-abuse
#4
Leah Keating, Robert T Muller, Catherine C Classen
OBJECTIVE: Women who have experienced childhood abuse often have interpersonal difficulties. The current study examines whether changes in emotion dysregulation mediate the relationship between changes in attachment patterns and changes in interpersonal problems among women who completed treatment for the sequelae of childhood abuse. METHOD: Participants were 36 women who completed a program targeting the psychological consequences of childhood maltreatment. At pre-and posttreatment, participants completed a projective assessment of adult attachment, and self-report measures of emotion dysregulation and interpersonal problems...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548001/the-psychiatric-morbidity-of-women-who-give-birth-to-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-fasd-results-of-the-manitoba-mothers-and-fasd-study
#5
Deepa Singal, Marni Brownell, Dan Chateau, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Sally Longstaffe, Leslie L Roos
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in physician-diagnosed psychiatric disorders between women who gave birth to children with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) diagnosis (study group) compared to women who gave birth to children without FASD (comparison group). METHODS: We linked population-level health and social services data to clinical data on FASD diagnoses to identify study group ( n = 702) and comparison group ( n = 2097) women matched 1:3 on date of birth of index child, region of residence, and socioeconomic status...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547852/the-comparative-study-of-empathy-sympathetic-concern-and-empathic-perspective-taking-in-non-human-animals
#6
Ana Pérez-Manrique, Antoni Gomila
While empathy is a century-old psychological concept, its study in non-human animals has become the focus of much recent scientific interest, as it promises to provide the clues to understand the evolutionary origins of our social and moral nature. A review of the comparative study of empathy is thus timely to complement and constrain anthropocentric views, and to integrate current findings. However, this is not an easy task. The study of animal empathy has developed using different paradigms, different concepts of the phenomena involved, and the absence of a systematic program...
May 25, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547824/the-promise-of-a-better-group-future-cognitive-alternatives-increase-students-self-efficacy-and-academic-performance
#7
Aarti Iyer, Airong Zhang, Jolanda Jetten, Zhen Hao, Lijuan Cui
Drawing on classic social identity theorizing (Tajfel, Differentiation between social groups: Studies in the social psychology of intergroup relations, London, UK, Academic Press, 1978), we propose that low-status minority group members' self-efficacy and performance on intellectual tasks can be enhanced by prompting them to believe in a better future for their group (i.e., increasing awareness of cognitive alternatives to the existing low-status position). Study 1 manipulated cognitive alternatives among 157 migrant workers' children in China, showing that self-efficacy was enhanced in the high compared to the low cognitive alternative condition...
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546976/a-comparison-the-effects-of-reflexology-and-relaxation-on-the-psychological-symptoms-in-women-with-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Mozhgan Soheili, Fatemeh Nazari, Vahid Shaygannejad, Mahboobeh Valiani
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) occurs with a variety of physical and psychological symptoms, yet there is not a conclusive cure for this disease. Complementary medicine is a current treatment which seems is effective in relieving symptoms of patients with MS. Therefore, this study is aimed to determine and compare the effects of reflexology and relaxation on anxiety, stress, and depression in women with MS. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study is a randomized clinical trial that is done on 75 women with MS referred to MS Clinic of Kashani Hospital...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546775/psychological-well-being-among-us-adults-with-arthritis-and-the-unmet-need-for-mental-health-care
#9
Laura E Straub, Miriam G Cisternas
PURPOSE: Mental health conditions can increase the risk of disability among adults with arthritis. The objective of this analysis was to compare the prevalence of serious psychological distress (SPD), depression, and anxiety among US adults with arthritis vs. those without; characterize adults with arthritis with and without SPD; and determine correlates of seeing a mental health professional during the year for adults with arthritis and SPD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of adults in the 2011-2013 National Health Interview Survey...
2017: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546677/longitudinal-and-immediate-effect-of-kundalini-yoga-on-salivary-levels-of-cortisol-and-activity-of-alpha-amylase-and-its-effect-on-perceived-stress
#10
Jocelyn N García-Sesnich, Mauricio Garrido Flores, Marcela Hernández Ríos, Jorge Gamonal Aravena
CONTEXT: Stress is defined as an alteration of an organism's balance in response to a demand perceived from the environment. Diverse methods exist to evaluate physiological response. A noninvasive method is salivary measurement of cortisol and alpha-amylase. A growing body of evidence suggests that the regular practice of Yoga would be an effective treatment for stress. AIMS: To determine the Kundalini Yoga (KY) effect, immediate and after 3 months of regular practice, on the perception of psychological stress and the salivary levels of cortisol and alpha-amylase activity...
May 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546649/seeing-is-not-believing-how-viewing-pornography-shapes-the-religious-lives-of-young-americans
#11
Samuel L Perry, George M Hayward
Pornography has become increasingly accessible in the United States, and particularly for younger Americans. While some research considers how pornography use affects the sexual and psychological health of adolescents and emerging adults, sociologists have given little attention to how viewing pornography may shape young Americans' connection to key social and cultural institutions, like religion. This article examines whether viewing pornography may actually have a secularizing effect, reducing young Americans' personal religiosity over time...
June 2017: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546642/can-beach-cleans-do-more-than-clean-up-litter-comparing-beach-cleans-to-other-coastal-activities
#12
Kayleigh J Wyles, Sabine Pahl, Matthew Holland, Richard C Thompson
Coastal visits not only provide psychological benefits but can also contribute to the accumulation of rubbish. Volunteer beach cleans help address this issue, but may only have limited, local impact. Consequently, it is important to study any broader benefits associated with beach cleans. This article examines the well-being and educational value of beach cleans, as well as their impacts on individuals' behavioral intentions. We conducted an experimental study that allocated students (n = 90) to a beach cleaning, rock pooling, or walking activity...
June 2017: Environment and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546084/-sex-differences-in-a-real-academic-stressor-cognitive-appraisal-and-the-cortisol-response
#13
Susanne Helbig, Jutta Backhaus
Women and men differ in their physiological and psychological stress response but only a few studies have analyzed this sex difference in a naturalistic setting and focused on cognitive stress appraisal. In the present study, the salivary cortisol concentration of 24 female and 22 male subjects was measured before and several times after an oral academic presentation given by themselves (stress condition) or given by a fellow student (control condition). Feelings of subjective stress and nervousness were assessed simultaneously to the saliva samples and a questionnaire for cognitive stress appraisal was conducted right before the oral presentation...
May 22, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545945/mindfulness-and-acceptance-based-interventions-for-psychosis-our-current-understanding-and-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Stephanie Louise, Molly Fitzpatrick, Clara Strauss, Susan L Rossell, Neil Thomas
In promoting optimal recovery in persons with psychosis, psychological interventions have become a key element of treatment, with cognitive behavioural therapy being widely recommended in clinical practice guidelines. One key area of development has been the trialling of "third wave" cognitive behavioural interventions, which promote mindfulness, acceptance and compassion as means of change. Trials to date have demonstrated encouraging findings, with beneficial effects observed on measures of psychotic symptoms...
May 22, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545572/intensive-case-management-for-addiction-to-promote-engagement-with-care-of-people-with-severe-mental-and-substance-use-disorders-an-observational-study
#15
Stéphane Morandi, Benedetta Silva, Philippe Golay, Charles Bonsack
BACKGROUND: Co-occurring severe mental and substance use disorders are associated with physical, psychological and social complications such as homelessness and unemployment. People with severe mental and substance use disorders are difficult to engage with care. The lack of treatment worsens their health and social conditions and increases treatment costs, as emergency department visits arise. Case management has proved to be effective in promoting engagement with care of people with severe mental and substance use disorders...
May 25, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545508/open-label-versus-double-blind-placebo-treatment-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Sarah Ballou, Ted J Kaptchuk, William Hirsch, Judy Nee, Johanna Iturrino, Kathryn T Hall, John M Kelley, Vivian Cheng, Irving Kirsch, Eric Jacobson, Lisa Conboy, Anthony Lembo, Roger B Davis
BACKGROUND: Placebo medications, by definition, are composed of inactive ingredients that have no physiological effect on symptoms. Nonetheless, administration of placebo in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and in clinical settings has been demonstrated to have significant impact on many physical and psychological complaints. Until recently, conventional wisdom has suggested that patients must believe that placebo pills actually contain (or, at least, might possibly contain) active medication in order to elicit a response to placebo...
May 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545506/development-and-evaluation-of-two-web-based-interventions-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-in-older-adults-study-protocol-for-a-community-based-controlled-intervention-trial
#17
Saskia Muellmann, Inna Bragina, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage, Eric Rost, Sonia Lippke, Jochen Meyer, Jochen Schnauber, Merlin Wasmann, Merle Toborg, Frauke Koppelin, Tilman Brand, Hajo Zeeb, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity (PA) is a key contributor to healthy ageing. However, despite known health benefits, only one third of older adults in Germany reach the PA levels recommended for persons aged 65 years and above by the World Health Organization. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the effectiveness of two web-based interventions for the initiation and maintenance of regular PA (i.e., intervention groups 1 and 2) compared to a delayed intervention control group of older adults aged 65 to 75 years...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545344/identification-of-the-components-associated-with-functioning-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-comprehensive-core-set-for-stroke-in-indian-stroke-survivors
#18
Shankar Ganesh, Sidhanjana Mohapatra, Patitapaban Mohanty, Monalisa Pattnaik, Chittaranjan Mishra
OBJECTIVES: Rehabilitation interventions are expected to ensure best possible recovery and minimize functional disability in stroke survivors. However, not many studies have investigated patterns of recovery and outcomes after stroke in low-income countries. The objective of this study is to identify the biological, psychological, and social components associated with functioning over time in Indian stroke patients using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)-based tools and the Functional Independence Measure (FIM)...
May 25, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544975/-spiritual-but-not-religious-cognition-schizotypy-and-conversion-in-alternative-beliefs
#19
Aiyana K Willard, Ara Norenzayan
The spiritual but not religious (SBNR) are a growing population in secularizing societies. Yet, we know little about the underlying psychology of this group or their belief profile. Based on an individual difference approach, we address this knowledge gap by comparing SBNR with religious and non-religious participants. In a sample of Americans (n=1013), we find that the SBNR differ from non-religious and religious participants in a number of ways. SBNR participants are more likely to hold paranormal beliefs and to have an experiential relationship to the supernatural (e...
May 22, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544584/examining-differences-in-characteristics-between-patients-receiving-primary-care-from-nurse-practitioners-or-physicians-using-medicare-current-beneficiary-survey-data-and-medicare-claims-data
#20
Figaro L Loresto, Daniel Jupiter, Yong-Fang Kuo
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined differences in functional, cognitive, and psychological factors between patients utilizing only nurse practitioners (NPs) and those utilizing only primary care medical doctors (PCMDs) for primary care. PURPOSE: Patients utilizing NP-only or PCMD-only models for primary care will be characterized and compared in terms of functional, cognitive, and psychological factors. METHODOLOGY: Cohorts were obtained from the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey linked to Medicare claims data...
May 25, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
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