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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684833/antecedents-mediators-and-outcomes-of-authentic-leadership-in-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Bayan Alilyyani, Carol A Wong, Greta Cummings
BACKGROUND: Leaders are essential in every organization to achieve patient safety and healthy work environments. Authentic leadership is a relational leadership style purported to promote healthy work environments that influence staff performance and organizational outcomes. Given recent growth in authentic leadership research in healthcare and the importance of new knowledge to inform leadership development, there is an obligation to determine what is known about the antecedents and outcomes of authentic leadership in healthcare settings and clarify mechanisms by which authentic leadership affects healthcare staff and patient outcomes...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684310/assessing-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-dentofacial-deformities-before-and-after-orthognathic-surgery
#2
Hong Sun, Hong-Tao Shang, Li-Sheng He, Ming-Chao Ding, Zhong-Ping Su, Yu-Lin Shi
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the effect of health-related quality of life (QoL) among patients with dentofacial deformities who underwent orthognathic surgery compared with a control group without dentofacial deformities by use of generic oral health and condition-specific approaches. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, 2 questionnaires were administered to 85 patients (31 male and 54 female patients) who were evaluated before undergoing orthognathic surgery...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683227/risk-for-use-of-antidepressants-anxiolytics-and-hypnotics-in-partners-of-glioma-patients-a-nationwide-study-covering-19-years-of-prescriptions
#3
Maria R N Jansson, Annika B von Heymann-Horan, Birthe K Rasmussen, Vanna Albieri, Kirsten Frederiksen, Nis Suppli, Susanne O Dalton, Christoffer Johansen, Pernille E Bidstrup
OBJECTIVE: Suffering from malignant brain tumor is a stressful condition, for patients and their partners. In a retrospective cohort study using nationwide registries, we examined partners' risk for first use of antidepressants, anxiolytics, or hypnotics. METHODS: We followed all 4,373 partners of adults with glioma, diagnosed in 1998-2013 in Denmark and a cohort of 43,808 partners of glioma-free persons matched (1:10). In Cox proportional hazard models, we estimated hazard ratios (HRs) for a first prescription of psychotropic medications (antidepressants, anxiolytics, or hypnotics) according to the partner's glioma status...
April 23, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682494/cognitive-changes-and-brain-volume-reduction-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#4
Branka Filipović, Olivera Marković, Vesna Đurić, Branislav Filipović
Studies of psychological condition of patients suffering from nonalcoholic fatty liver disease are rather equivocal about the results: while some claim that NAFLD patients suffer from anxiety and depression more than non-NAFLD controls, others do not withstand those findings. Lower cognitive potentials have also been reported, both in patient related and in animal model-based investigations, and correlated with assessed brain tissue changes. We hypothesized that NAFLD, as a condition, affects the brain tissue and, subsequently, the cognitive state...
2018: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682345/the-effect-of-interpersonal-counseling-for-subthreshold-depression-in-undergraduates-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Ami Yamamoto, Emi Tsujimoto, Reiko Taketani, Noa Tsujii, Osamu Shirakawa, Hisae Ono
Background: Subthreshold depression and poor stress coping strategies are major public health problems among undergraduates. Interpersonal counseling (IPC) is a brief structured psychological intervention originally designed for use in primary care to treat depressive patients whose symptoms arose from current life stress. Objectives: This study examined the efficacy of IPC in treating subthreshold depression and coping strategies among undergraduates in school counseling...
2018: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681431/factors-associated-with-infant-pain-severity-undergoing-immunization-injections
#6
Manal Kassab, Shereen Hamadneh, Khawla Nuseir, Basima ALmomani, Jehan Hamadneh
PURPOSE: Factors influencing infants' behavioral and vocal (cry) response to painful stimuli are explored to improve pain management plans for infants undergoing immunizations. DESIGN AND METHODS: An observational study design was used. Pain responses of 60 to 75 days-old infants (44% male vs 56% female) undergoing two-month immunization injections were videotaped and coded using the Modified Behavioral Pain Scale (MBPS), and duration of total crying time during injection was recorded...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680807/fiction-reading-for-good-or-ill-eating-disorders-interpretation-and-the-case-for-creative-bibliotherapy-research
#7
Emily T Troscianko
Compared with self-help bibliotherapy, little is known about the efficacy of creative bibliotherapy or the mechanisms of its possible efficacy for eating disorders or any other mental health condition. It is clear, however, that fiction is widely used informally as a therapeutic or antitherapeutic tool and that it has considerable potential in both directions, with a possibly significant distinction between the effects of reading fiction about eating disorders (which may-contrary to theoretical predictions-be broadly negative in effect) or one's preferred genre of other fiction (which may be broadly positive)...
April 21, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680251/preparatory-brain-activity-in-dual-tasking
#8
Robert Steinhauser, Marco Steinhauser
Task preparation in dual-tasking is more complex than preparation for single tasks and involves additional factors such as task prioritization. Utilizing event-related potentials, we sought to disentangle preparatory processes involving preparation on the subtask level and the superordinate dual-task level. Participants worked on a psychological refractory period paradigm in which two temporally overlapping tasks have to be completed in a specified order. Whereas dual-task-related preparation was measured by comparing task-order switches and repetitions, subtask preparation was isolated through error precursors for the individual subtasks...
April 19, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679604/outdoor-play-and-nature-connectedness-as-potential-correlates-of-internalized-mental-health-symptoms-among-canadian-adolescents
#9
Caroline Piccininni, Valerie Michaelson, Ian Janssen, William Pickett
Exposures to outdoor environments have great potential to be protective factors for the mental health of young people. In a national analysis of Canadian adolescents, we explored how such exposures, as well as self-perceptions of connectedness with nature, each related to the prevalence of recurrent psychosomatic symptoms. The data source for this cross-sectional study, consisting of a weighted sample of 29,784 students aged 11-15 years from 377 schools, was the 2013/2014 cycle of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study...
April 18, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679052/differential-contribution-of-cis-and-trans-gene-transcription-regulatory-mechanisms-in-amygdala-and-prefrontal-cortex-and-modulation-by-social-stress
#10
Eli Reuveni, Dmitry Getselter, Oded Oron, Evan Elliott
While both individual transcription factors and cis-acting sites have been studied in relation to psychiatric disorders, there is little knowledge of the relative contribution of trans-acting and cis-acting factors to gene transcription in the brain. Using an RNA-seq approach in mice bred from two evolutionary-distinct mice strains, we determined the contribution of cis and trans factors to gene expression in the prefrontal cortex and amygdala, two regions of the brain relevant to the stress response, and the contribution of cis and trans factors in the prefrontal cortex after Chronic Social Defeat (CSD) in mice...
April 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676345/bilateral-subcapsular-orchiectomy-versus-bilateral-total-orchiectomy-comparison-of-the-quality-of-life-post-orchiectomy
#11
Dubem Ejikeme Orakwe, Kehinde Habeeb Tijani, Emmauel Ajibola Jeje, Moses Adebisi Ogunjimi, Wale Ojewola Rufus, Taiwo Opeyemi Alabi
Objective: Bilateral subcapsular orchiectomy (BSO) is said to be more aesthetic and psychologically satisfying when compared to bilateral total orchiectomy (BTO). This study compared the quality of life (QoL) of men with advanced prostate cancer who had BTO to those who had BSO, with an emphasis on their perception of self or identity as a man. Subjects and Methods: Sixty-one patients with advanced prostate cancer opting for bilateral orchiectomy were recruited...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676072/current-management-of-moderate-to-severe-atopic-dermatitis-a-survey-of-allergists-pediatric-allergists-and-dermatologists-in-korea
#12
Hye Yung Yum, Hyun Hee Kim, Hyun Jung Kim, Woo Kyung Kim, So Yeon Lee, Kapsok Li, Dong Hun Lee
PURPOSE: There is an unmet need for the treatment of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD), leading to variation in management strategies. To investigate distinct features and treatment modalities according to physicians' specialties, we collected data on the current treatment approach to moderate-to-severe AD among allergists, pediatric allergists and dermatologists in Korea. METHODS: This questionnaire-based study was administered to physicians from the Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology (KAAACI), Korean Academy of Pediatric Allergy and Respiratory Disease (KAPARD), and Korean Atopic Dermatitis Association (KADA)...
May 2018: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674248/frequency-of-participation-and-association-with-functioning-in-adolescents-born-extremely-preterm-findings-from-a-population-based-cohort-in-northern-germany
#13
K Sell, M Rapp, H Muehlan, J Spiegler, U Thyen
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after extremely preterm birth (<28 weeks gestation) have been studied intensely, and follow-up into adulthood is well-established. Following the introduction of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, participation has been recognized to be a relevant outcome in rehabilitation research. During adolescence, participation is crucial to adapting to new social roles. The aim of our study was to investigate participation in the domains Autonomy, Relationships and Community Recreation...
April 16, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674223/psychological-variables-implied-in-the-therapeutic-effect-of-ayahuasca-a-contextual-approach
#14
Alba Franquesa, Alberto Sainz-Cort, Sam Gandy, Joaquim Soler, Miguel Ángel Alcázar-Córcoles, José Carlos Bouso
Ayahuasca is a psychedelic decoction originating from Amazonia. The ayahuasca-induced introspective experience has been shown to have potential benefits in the treatment of several pathologies, to protect mental health and to improve neuropsychological functions and creativity, and boost mindfulness. The underlying psychological processes related to the use of ayahuasca in a psychotherapeutic context are not yet well described in the scientific literature, but there is some evidence to suggest that psychological variables described in psychotherapies could be useful in explaining the therapeutic effects of the brew...
April 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673834/severity-and-duration-of-menopausal-symptoms-after-risk-reducing-salpingo-oophorectomy
#15
A Stuursma, C M G van Driel, N J Wessels, G H de Bock, M J E Mourits
OBJECTIVES: To reduce the risk of ovarian cancer, women with BRCA1/2 mutations are advised to undergo risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) at a premenopausal age. Premenopausal RRSO results in acute menopause and is associated with various menopausal symptoms. This study investigates the severity and duration of subjective menopausal symptoms after premenopausal RRSO and associated factors. METHODS: We included 199 women who had undergone RRSO before age 52 in this cross-sectional study...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673620/effects-of-opioid-and-non-opioid-analgesics-on-responses-to-psychosocial-stress-in-humans
#16
Anya K Bershad, Melissa A Miller, Greg J Norman, Harriet de Wit
Both preclinical and clinical evidence suggests that the endogenous opioid system is involved in responses to stress. For example, in animal models opioid agonists reduce isolation distress whereas opioid antagonists increase isolation distress. We recently reported that the mixed mu agonist and kappa antagonist buprenorphine dampened responses to acute psychosocial stress in humans. Now we extend this to study the effects of a pure mu-opioid agonist, hydromorphone, and a non-opioid analgesic, acetaminophen, on response to social stress...
April 16, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672975/self-recognition-of-mental-health-problems-in-a-rural-australian-sample
#17
Tonelle E Handley, Terry J Lewin, David Perkins, Brian Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Although mental health literacy has increased in recent years, mental illness is often under-recognised. There has been little research conducted on mental illness in rural areas; however, this can be most prominent in rural areas due to factors such as greater stigma and stoicism. The aim of this study is to create a profile of those who are most and least likely to self-identify mental health problems among rural residents with moderate- to-high psychological distress. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a longitudinal postal survey...
April 19, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672778/fear-of-progression-in-parents-of-children-with-cancer-results-of-an-online-expert-survey-in-pediatric-oncology
#18
Katharina Clever, Florian Schepper, Luise Küpper, Holger Christiansen, Julia Martini
BACKGROUND: Fear of Progression (FoP) is a commonly reported psychological strain in parents of children with cancer. This expert survey investigates how professionals in pediatric oncology estimate the burden and consequences of FoP in parents and how they assess and treat parental FoP. METHOD: N=77 professionals in pediatric oncology (members and associates of the Psychosocial Association in Paediatric Oncology and Haematology, PSAPOH) were examined in an online survey with a self-developed questionnaire...
April 19, 2018: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672135/influences-of-mental-illness-current-psychological-state-and-concussion-history-on-baseline-concussion-assessment-performance
#19
Michelle L Weber, John-Henry L Dean, Nicole L Hoffman, Steven P Broglio, Michael McCrea, Thomas W McAllister, Julianne D Schmidt, April Reed Hoy, Joseph B Hazzard, Louise A Kelly, Justus D Ortega, Nicholas Port, Margot Putukian, T Dianne Langford, Ryan Tierney, Darren E Campbell, Gerald McGinty, Patrick O'Donnell, Steven J Svoboda, John P DiFiori, Christopher C Giza, Holly J Benjamin, Thomas Buckley, Thomas W Kaminski, James R Clugston, Luis A Feigenbaum, James T Eckner, Kevin Guskiewicz, Jason P Mihalik, Jessica Dysart Miles, Scott Anderson, Christina L Master, Micky Collins, Anthony P Kontos, Jeffrey J Bazarian, Sara P D Chrisman, Allison Brooks, Stefan Duma, Christopher Todd Bullers, Christopher M Miles, Brian H Dykhuizen
BACKGROUND: A student-athlete's mental state, including history of trait anxiety and depression, or current psychological state may affect baseline concussion assessment performance. PURPOSE: (1) To determine if mental illness (anxiety, depression, anxiety with depression) influences baseline scores, (2) to determine if psychological state correlates with baseline performance, and (3) to determine if history of concussion affects Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18) subscores of state anxiety, depression, and somatization...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672097/cognitive-and-affective-mechanisms-of-pain-and-fatigue-in-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Anne Arewasikporn, Aaron P Turner, Kevin N Alschuler, Abbey J Hughes, Dawn M Ehde
OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent to which pain catastrophizing, fatigue catastrophizing, positive affect, and negative affect simultaneously mediated the associations between common symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS; i.e., pain, fatigue) and impact on daily life, depressive symptoms, and resilience. METHOD: Participants were community-dwelling adults with MS (N = 163) reporting chronic pain, fatigue, and/or moderate depressive symptoms. Multiple mediation path analysis was used to model potential mediators of pain and fatigue separately, using baseline data from a randomized controlled trial comparing two symptom self-management interventions...
April 19, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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