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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057802/patient-aggression-and-the-wellbeing-of-nurses-a-cross-sectional-survey-study-in-psychiatric-and-non-psychiatric-settings
#1
Virve Pekurinen, Laura Willman, Marianna Virtanen, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera, Maritta Välimäki
Wellbeing of nurses is associated with patient aggression. Little is known about the differences in these associations between nurses working in different specialties. We aimed to estimate and compare the prevalence of patient aggression and the associations between patient aggression and the wellbeing of nurses in psychiatric and non-psychiatric specialties (medical and surgical, and emergency medicine). A sample of 5288 nurses (923 psychiatric nurses, 4070 medical and surgical nurses, 295 emergency nurses) participated in the study...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057345/influence-of-psychosocial-distress-in-the-results-of-elective-lumbar-spine-surgery
#2
Vivian Amaral, Luis Marchi, Heber Martim, Rodrigo Amaral, Joes Nogueira-Neto, Ellen Pierro, Leonardo Oliveira, Etevaldo Coutinho, Fernando Marcelino, Nicholai Faulhaber, Rubens Jensen, Luiz Pimenta
BACKGROUND: Low back pain can be caused by several pathological entities and its perception can be altered by external factors, for example by some psychological and social factors. The objective of this study was to compare surgical outcomes in patients with or without psychosocial issues. METHODS: Single center, retrospective and comparative study. Patients with indication to elective lumbar spine surgery were screened for some psychosocial factors. As a result of the screening, patients were divided in two groups: mild psychosocial issues (green group) or moderate psychosocial issues (yellow group)...
September 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056773/investigating-mental-health-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-and-its-relationship-with-some-clinical-and-demographic-factors
#3
Masoumeh Nazarinasab, Azim Motamedfar, Azin Eskandari Moqadam
OBJECTIVE: The reduction in the level of mental health, particularly depression is associated with outcome of treatment in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). There is no broader research into mental health or mental health care for OA patients. The purpose of the present study was to determine mental health and its relationship with some clinical and demographic factors among patients with OA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 94 patients with osteoarthritis were included in presented study...
2017: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056526/relational-concept-learning-in-domestic-dogs-performance-on-a-two-choice-size-discrimination-task-generalises-to-novel-stimuli
#4
Sarah-Elizabeth Byosiere, Lynna C Feng, Philippe A Chouinard, Tiffani J Howell, Pauleen C Bennett
One central issue in the study of animal cognition concerns conceptual behaviour, where an organism categorises objects, events, and relationships so as to transfer previously learned rules to novel contexts. In this study, we investigated whether or not dogs demonstrate conceptual behaviour in the form of simple relational class concept learning. A two-choice visual discrimination task was used to assess if dogs are capable of simple relational class concept learning by generalising the same rule (i.e. circle is larger or smaller than) to various novel shapes...
October 19, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055403/ancient-roots-modern-applications-mindfulness-as-a-novel-intervention-for-cardiovascular-disease
#5
Gabriel Zieff
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been associated with chronic psychological stress. Unremittent psychological stress causes dysregulation of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and hypothalamic-pituitaryadrenal (HPA) axis, which collectively promotes inflammation, atherosclerosis, and subsequent CVD risk. Stress reduction techniques, such as mindfulness meditation, have been shown to improve some markers of HPA and SNS function at rest and in response to acute stressors, suggesting that such techniques, over time, may be cardioprotective...
October 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055270/executive-functioning-concern-about-falling-and-quadriceps-strength-mediate-the-relationship-between-impaired-gait-adaptability-and-fall-risk-in-older-people
#6
Maria Joana D Caetano, Stephen R Lord, Matthew A Brodie, Daniel Schoene, Paulo H S Pelicioni, Daina L Sturnieks, Jasmine C Menant
BACKGROUND: Reduced ability to adapt gait, particularly under challenging conditions, may be an important reason why older adults have an increased risk of falling. This study aimed to identify cognitive, psychological and physical mediators of the relationship between impaired gait adaptability and fall risk in older adults. METHODS: Fifty healthy older adults (mean±SD: 74±7years) were categorised as high or low fall risk, based on past falls and their performance in the Physiological Profile Assessment...
October 16, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053758/sex-differences-in-long-term-mortality-among-acute-myocardial-infarction-patients-results-from-the-isar-risk-and-art-studies
#7
Romy Ubrich, Petra Barthel, Bernhard Haller, Katerina Hnatkova, Katharina Maria Huster, Alexander Steger, Alexander Müller, Marek Malik, Georg Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Mortality rates in females who survived acute myocardial infarction (AMI) exceed those in males. Differences between sexes in age, cardiovascular risk factors and revascularization therapy have been proposed as possible reasons. OBJECTIVE: To select sets of female and male patients comparable in respect of relevant risk factors in order to compare the sex-specific risk in a systematic manner. METHODS: Data of the ISAR-RISK and ART studies were investigated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052667/differences-in-coping-among-african-american-women-with-breast-cancer-and-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#8
Crystal C Watkins, Iye Kamara Kanu, Jill B Hamilton, Sharon L Kozachik, Fannie Gaston-Johansson
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine differences in psychological distress, symptoms, coping capacity, and coping abilities among African American (AA) women with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and non-TNBC and to explore differences in relationships among these variables.
. DESIGN: A prospective, descriptive, comparative, and correlational design.
. SETTING: Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland.
. SAMPLE: 30 AA women with breast cancer...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052664/a-qualitative-study-exploring-models-of-supportive-care-in-men-and-their-partners-caregivers-affected-by-metastatic-prostate-cancer
#9
Charlotte Primeau, Catherine Paterson, Ghulam Nabi
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of patients with metastatic prostate cancer and their partners/caregivers, as well as an interprofessional team, with a nurse-led multimodality supportive care intervention. 
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Qualitative study. 
. SETTING: National Health Service (NHS), Tayside, Scotland.
. PARTICIPANTS: 19 patients, 7 partners/caregivers, and 7 interprofessional members from four hospitals in NHS, Tayside, Scotland...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052655/psychological-distress-health-behaviors-and-benefit-finding-in-survivors-of-multiple-primary-cancers-results-from-the-2010-livestrong-survey
#10
Sarah M Belcher, Carissa A Low, Donna M Posluszny, Rebekkah Schear, Raegan E Kramer, Heidi S Donovan
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether survivorship of multiple primary cancers (MPCs) is associated with psychological distress, positive health behaviors, and benefit finding.
. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the 2010 Livestrong cross-sectional survey.
. SETTING: Online survey.
. SAMPLE: 238 MPC survivors and 3,295 single cancer survivors.
. METHODS: Chi-square and t tests for group comparisons were used...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052503/intensive-follow-up-for-women-with-breast-cancer-review-of-clinical-economic-and-patient-s-preference-domains-through-evidence-to-decision-framework
#11
Alessandra Lafranconi, Liisa Pylkkänen, Silvia Deandrea, Anke Bramesfeld, Donata Lerda, Luciana Neamțiu, Zuleika Saz-Parkinson, Margarita Posso, David Rigau, Ivan Sola, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Maria José Martinez-Zapata
BACKGROUND: Women treated for breast cancer are followed-up for monitoring of treatment effectiveness and for detecting recurrences at an early stage. The type of follow-up received may affect women's reassurance and impact on their quality of life. Anxiety and depression among women with breast cancer has been described, but little is known about how the intensity of the follow-up can affect women's psychological status. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of intensive vs...
October 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052459/paradoxical-thinking-as-a-conflict-resolution-intervention-comparison-to-alternative-interventions-and-examination-of-psychological-mechanisms
#12
Boaz Hameiri, Eden Nabet, Daniel Bar-Tal, Eran Halperin
Conflict-resolution interventions based on the paradoxical thinking principles, that is, expressing amplified, exaggerated, or even absurd ideas that are congruent with the held conflict-supporting societal beliefs, have been shown to be an effective avenue of intervention, especially among individuals who are adamant in their views. However, the question as to why these interventions have been effective has remained unanswered. In the present research, we have examined possible underlying psychological mechanisms, focusing on identity threat, surprise, and general disagreement...
October 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052245/the-longitudinal-impact-of-probiotic-and-peanut-oral-immunotherapy-ppoit-on-health-related-quality-of-life-hrql
#13
Audrey Dunn Galvin, Suzanne McMahon, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Kuang-Chih Hsiao, Mimi L K Tang
BACKGROUND: We previously reported that Probiotic and Peanut Oral Immunotherapy (PPOIT) was effective at inducing sustained unresponsiveness compared with placebo in a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial. This study evaluated the impact of PPOIT on health related quality of life (HRQL). METHOD: Fifty-one participants (PPOIT 24; Placebo 27) from the PPOIT trial completed Food Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaire (FAQLQ-PF) and Food Allergy Independent Measure (FAIM) at pre-treatment, end-of-treatment and 3-months after end-of-treatment...
October 20, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051144/sociodemographic-psychologic-health-and-lifestyle-outcomes-in-young-adults-on-renal-replacement-therapy
#14
Alexander J Hamilton, Rhian L Clissold, Carol D Inward, Fergus J Caskey, Yoav Ben-Shlomo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Young adults receiving RRT face additional challenges in life. The effect of established kidney failure on young adulthood is uncertain. We aimed to establish the psychosocial and lifestyle status of young adults receiving RRT. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Our study was a systematic review and meta-analysis of 16-30-year olds receiving RRT compared with the general population. We selected randomized, controlled trials; cohort studies; or cross-sectional studies without language restriction and extracted proportions of sociodemographic and lifestyle outcomes or validated psychologic health tests producing quality of life, wellbeing, and self-esteem scores...
October 19, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051134/a-telerehabilitation-approach-to-enhance-quality-of-life-through-exercise-among-adults-with-paraplegia-study-protocol
#15
Shane Norman Sweet, Meredith Rocchi, Kelly Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Dahlia Kairy, Brigitte Fillion
BACKGROUND: Despite compelling evidence linking physical activity and quality of life among adults with spinal cord injury (SCI), exercise participation rates are extremely low in this population. Unfortunately, a lack of behavioral exercise interventions, in particular theory-based randomized controlled trials (RCT), exists within the SCI literature. A pilot RCT is needed to first examine the feasibility to conduct such interventions and determine the appropriate effect size to inform future full-scale interventions...
October 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050526/long-term-quality-of-life-after-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-ards-survivors-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
M Elizabeth Wilcox, Valente Jaramillo-Rocha, Carol Hodgson, Michael S Taglione, Niall D Ferguson, Eddy Fan
PURPOSE: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an increasingly prevalent treatment for acute respiratory failure (ARF). To evaluate the impact of ECMO support on long-term outcomes for critically ill adults with ARF. METHODS: We searched electronic databases 1948 through to November 30 2016; selected controlled trials or observational studies of critically ill adults with acute respiratory distress syndrome, examining long-term morbidity specifically health-related quality of life (HRQL); 2 authors independently selected studies, extracted data, and assessed methodological quality...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049948/altered-responsiveness-in-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-and-its-implication-to-underlying-psychopathology
#17
Gaston Baslet, Benjamin Tolchin, Barbara A Dworetzky
PURPOSE: Altered responsiveness during psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) is a distinct semiological feature that may signal a psychological vulnerability. We hypothesized that altered responsiveness is related to difficulties with emotion tolerance, experiential avoidance, difficulty coping, dissociation and trauma and prior experiences of loss of awareness. METHODS: 71 patients with video-EEG confirmed PNES were divided into two groups based on their responsiveness at the time of the captured event during long-term monitoring...
October 13, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049180/the-effect-of-care-intervention-for-obese-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes
#18
Xuelian Jiang, Xiyun Fan, Rui Wu, Fengqin Geng, Chenping Hu
The incidence of type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing worldwide and affecting the quality of people's life. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of care intervention on body weight and glycemic parameters in obese T2DM patients.One hundred twenty-six obese T2DM cases were randomly divided into 2 groups. Patients in control group received conventional care, while patients in the intervention group received dietary, exercise, and psychology interventions on the basis of conventional care. Twelve months follow-up was performed to compare the changes of body weight and glycemic parameters in the 2 groups...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049165/effects-of-different-methods-of-general-anesthesia-on-intraoperative-awareness-in-surgical-patients
#19
Haijiao Yu, Di Wu
The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and combined of intravenous and inhaled anesthesia (CIIA) on intraoperative awareness in surgical patients.A total of 678 patients were recruited in the CIIA group, while TIVA group included 566 patients. The clinical characteristics and the occurrence of intraoperative awareness were compared between the groups. Mini-Mental State Examination, Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7, and Patient Health Questionnaire 9 tests were performed to estimate cognitive and psychological functions of the patients...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048496/short-run-and-long-run-effects-of-unemployment-on-suicides-does-welfare-regime-matter
#20
Pawel Gajewski, Kateryna Zhukovska
Background: Disentangling the immediate effects of an unemployment shock from the long-run relationship has a strong theoretical rationale. Different economic and psychological forces are at play in the first moment and after prolonged unemployment. This study suggests a diverse impact of short- and long-run unemployment on suicides in liberal and social-democratic countries. Methods: We take a macro-level perspective and simultaneously estimate the short- and long-run relationships between unemployment and suicide, along with the speed of convergence towards the long-run relationship after a shock, in a panel of 10 high-income countries...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
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