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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549859/ethnopharmacological-investigations-of-the-cardio-renal-properties-of-a-native-species-from-the-region-of-pantanal-state-of-mato-grosso-do-sul-brazil
#1
Cleide Adriane Signor Tirloni, Francislaine Aparecida Dos Reis Lívero, Rhanany Alan Calloi Palozi, Renan César Alves Silveira, Paulo César de Paula Vasconcelos, Roosevelt Isaias Carvalho Souza, Ariany Carvalho Dos Santos, Valter Paes de Almeida, Jane Manfron Budel, Lauro Mera de Souza, Arquimedes Gasparotto Junior
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Acanthospermum hispidum DC. is an important medicinal herb that belongs to family Asteraceae, popularly used as a diuretic and hypotensive in the region of Pantanal, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Despite the relevance of this species throughout the country, there are no detailed studies about its possible ethnobotanical indication. AIM: To carry out a detailed ethnopharmacological investigation of the cardio-renal properties of A...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548312/vitamin-d-dependent-rickets-type-1b-25-hydroxylase-deficiency-a-rare-condition-or-a-misdiagnosed-condition
#2
Molin A, Wiedemann A, Demers N, Kaufmann M, Do Cao J, Mainard L, Dousset B, Journeau P, Abeguile G, Coudray N, Mittre H, Richard N, Weryha G, Sorlin A, Jones G, Kottler Ml, Feillet F
Vitamin D requires a two-step activation by hydroxylation: the first step is catalyzed by hepatic 25-hydroxylase (CYP2R1, 11p15.2), and the second one is catalyzed by renal 1α-hydroxylase (CYP27B1, 12q13.1), which produces the active hormonal form of 1,25-(OH)2 D. Mutations of CYP2R1 have been associated with Vitamin D-dependent rickets type 1B (VDDR1B), a very rare condition that has only been reported to affect 4 families to date. We describe 7 patients from two unrelated families who presented with homozygous loss-of-function mutations of CYP2R1...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543959/epidemiology-of-urothelial-carcinoma
#3
REVIEW
Jun Miyazaki, Hiroyuki Nishiyama
The epithelium lining is defined as the mucosal surfaces of the renal collecting tubules, calyces and pelvis, as well as the ureter, bladder and urethra. The term "urothelium" is used to refer to these surfaces. Upper tract urothelial carcinoma is a rare subset of urothelial cancers with a poor prognosis. Urinary bladder cancer is the most common malignancy involving the urinary system. Upper tract urothelial carcinoma is more common in men than in women, with a male-to-female ratio of 2:1. The incidence of urinary bladder cancer is also higher in men...
May 21, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536932/thromboprophylaxis-in-extracorporeal-circuits-current-pharmacological-strategies-and-future-directions
#4
REVIEW
Gail M Annich, Oshri Zaulan, Megan Neufeld, Deborah Wagner, Melissa M Reynolds
The development of extracorporeal devices for organ support has been a part of medical history and progression since the late 1900s. These types of technology are primarily used and developed in the field of critical care medicine. Unfractionated heparin, discovered in 1916, has really been the only consistent form of thromboprophylaxis for attenuating or even preventing the blood-biomaterial reaction that occurs when such technologies are initiated. The advent of regional anticoagulation for procedures such as continuous renal replacement therapy and plasmapheresis have certainly removed the risks of systemic heparinization and heparin effect, but the challenges of the blood-biomaterial reaction and downstream effects remain...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536642/itraq-based-proteomics-of-chronic-renal-failure-rats-after-fushengong-decoction-treatment-reveals-haptoglobin-and-alpha-1-antitrypsin-as-potential-biomarkers
#5
Yu Yang, Junmeng Wei, Xuekuan Huang, Mingjun Wu, Zhenbing Lv, Pan Tong, Rui Chang
Background. Chronic renal failure (CRF) has become a global health problem and bears a huge economic burden. FuShengong Decoction (FSGD) as traditional Chinese medicine has multiple pharmacological effects. Objectives. To understand the underlying molecular mechanism and signaling pathway involved in the FSGD treatment of CRF and screen differentially expressed proteins in rats with CRF treated with FSGD. Methods. Thirty-three male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group, CRF group, and FSGD group...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536007/zuotai-and-hgs-differ-from-hgcl2-and-methyl-mercury-in-hg-accumulation-and-toxicity-in-weanling-and-aged-rats
#6
Bin-Bin Zhang, Wen-Kai Li, Wei-Yu Hou, Ya Luo, Jing-Zhen Shi, Cen Li, Li-Xin Wei, Jie Liu
Mercury sulfides are used in Ayurvedic medicines, Tibetan medicines, and Chinese medicines for thousands of years and are still used today. Cinnabar (α-HgS) and metacinnabar (β-HgS) are different from mercury chloride (HgCl2) and methylmercury (MeHg) in their disposition and toxicity. Whether such scenario applies to weanling and aged animals is not known. To address this question, weanling (21d) and aged (450d) rats were orally given Zuotai (54% β-HgS, 30mg/kg), HgS (α-HgS, 30mg/kg), HgCl2 (34.6mg/kg), or MeHg (MeHgCl, 3...
May 20, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535618/granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-in-tunisia
#7
I Ben Ghorbel, N Belfeki, N Baouendi, T Ben Salem, M H Houman
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is more frequent in Northern rather than Southern countries. Very few studies have been conducted in Africa. We have performed a retrospective descriptive study including clinical and laboratory profiles of 30 Tunisian GPA patients seen at the department of Internal Medicine of the University Hospital of la Rabta from 2000 to 2014. Mean age at initial GPA diagnosis was 46±12 years, and the average number of months between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis was 25. Seventeen (56%) were male, and 13 (44%) were female...
May 22, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534535/the-potential-of-organoids-in-urological-cancer-research
#8
REVIEW
Shangqian Wang, Dong Gao, Yu Chen
Technical advances in the development of organoid systems enable cell lines, primary adult cells, or stem or progenitor cells to develop into diverse, multicellular entities, which can self-renew, self-organize, and differentiate. These 3D organoid cultures have proven to be of value in increasing our understanding of the biology of disease and offer the potential of regenerative and genetic therapies. The successful application of 3D organoids derived from adult tissue into urological cancer research can further our understanding of these diseases and could also provide preclinical cancer models to realize the precision medicine paradigm by therapeutic screening of individual patient samples ex vivo...
May 23, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531244/awareness-prevalence-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-western-nepal
#9
Dinesh Neupane, Archana Shrestha, Shiva Raj Mishra, Joakim Bloch, Bo Christensen, Craig S McLachlan, Arjun Karki, Per Kallestrup
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a significant contributor to cardiovascular and renal diseases. In low-income settings like Nepal, there are few epidemiological studies assessing hypertension burden. Thus, the purpose was to determine prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in Nepal. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in semi-urban area of western Nepal among randomly selected participants, aged between 25 and 65 years. Systolic blood pressure (BP) ≥140 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP of ≥90 mm Hg and/or taking current antihypertensive medicine defined as hypertension...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530332/-treatment-of-mechanically-ventilated-patients-in-an-internal-medicine-department-overview-2013
#10
Jacov Kogan, Alex Rodnitsky, Ornit Cohen, Svetlana Turkot, Yevgenia Tziba, Boris Golzman
BACKGROUND: Over recent years the number of mechanically ventilated patients in internal medicine departments has grown. These patients are elderly, mostly disabled and suffer from many chronic illnesses. Most of them require prolonged mechanical ventilation. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to evaluate the population of mechanically ventilated patients in an internal department, the treatment and outcomes, particularly the morbidity in hospitalization and to identify the prognostic causes of death...
August 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528982/influence-of-renal-dysfunction-phenotype-on-mortality-in-decompensated-heart-failure-with-preserved-and-mid-range-ejection-fraction
#11
Jesús Casado, Marta Sánchez, Vanesa Garcés, Luis Manzano, José Manuel Cerqueiro, Francisco Epelde, David García-Escrivá, José Pérez-Silvestre, José Luis Morales, Manuel Montero-Pérez-Barquero
BACKGROUND: Natriuretic peptides or the blood urea nitrogen to creatinine ratio (BUN/creat) can identify high- vs low-risk renal impairment (RI) in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HF-REF). However, the situation in HF patients with preserved ejection fraction (HF-PEF) and mid-range ejection fraction (HF-MREF) remains unclear. METHODS: We evaluated patients from the Spanish National Registry of Heart Failure (RICA) that were admitted to Internal Medicine units with acute decompensated HF...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526628/heparin-based-hydrogels-induce-human-renal-tubulogenesis-in-vitro
#12
Heather M Weber, Mikhail V Tsurkan, Valentina Magno, Uwe Freudenberg, Carsten Werner
Dialysis or kidney transplantation is the only therapeutic option for end stage renal disease. Accordingly, there is a large unmet clinical need for new causative therapeutic treatments. Obtaining robust models that mimic the complex nature of the human kidney is a critical step in the development of new therapeutic strategies. Here we establish a synthetic in vitro human renal tubulogenesis model based on a tunable glycosaminoglycan-hydrogel platform. In this system, renal tubulogenesis can be modulated by the adjustment of hydrogel mechanics and degradability, growth factor signaling, and the presence of insoluble adhesion cues, potentially providing new insights for regenerative therapy...
May 16, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522145/wnt-signaling-a-novel-pathway-regulating-blood-pressure-state-of-the-art-review
#13
REVIEW
Maen D Abou Ziki, Arya Mani
Recent antihypertensive trials show conflicting results on blood pressure (BP) targets in patient populations with different metabolic profiles, with lowest benefit from tight BP control observed in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This paradox could arise from the heterogeneity of study populations and underscores the importance of precision medicine initiatives towards understanding and treating hypertension. Wnt signaling pathways and genetic variations in its signaling peptides have been recently associated with metabolic syndrome, hypertension and diabetes, generating a breakthrough for advancement of precision medicine in the field of hypertension...
May 4, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514888/seeing-is-believing-healthcare-professionals-perceptions-of-a-complex-intervention-to-improve-care-towards-the-end-of-life-a-qualitative-interview-study
#14
Katherine Bristowe, Irene Carey, Adrian Hopper, Susanna Shouls, Wendy Prentice, Irene J Higginson, Jonathan Koffman
BACKGROUND: Methods to improve care, trust and communication are important in acute hospitals. Complex interventions aimed at improving care of patients approaching the end of life are increasingly common. While evaluating outcomes of complex interventions is essential, exploring healthcare professionals' perceptions is also required to understand how they are interpreted; this can inform training, education and implementation strategies to ensure fidelity and consistency in use. AIM: To explore healthcare professionals' perceptions of using a complex intervention (AMBER care bundle) to improve care for people approaching the end of life and their understandings of its purpose within clinical practice...
May 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512407/severe-rhabdomyolysis-during-treatment-with-trabectedin-in-combination-with-a-herbal-drug-in-a-patient-with-metastatic-synovial-sarcoma-a-case-report
#15
Angela Damato, Mario Larocca, Ermanno Rondini, Massimo Menga, Carmine Pinto, Annibale Versari
Rhabdomyolysis is defined as dissolution of striped muscle characterized by leakage of intracellular muscle components into the circulation, which can ultimately lead to renal failure with a possible fatal outcome. This is an uncommon side effect of trabectedin which is used in second-line therapy of metastatic sarcoma after anthracycline and ifosfamide failure. Here, we describe a case of reversible rhabdomyolysis in a male patient with recurrent metastatic synovial sarcoma of the hand, with marked (18)F-FDG uptake into his skeletal muscles, after 4 cycles of trabectedin, and who at the same time was taking an alternative medicine (bioflavonoids) suspected of triggering this adverse event...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512290/evolution-of-drug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-after-dcd-renal-transplantation
#16
Hong Jiang, Luxi Cao, Lihui Qu, Tingting Qu, Guangjun Liu, Rending Wang, Bingjue Li, Yuchen Wang, Chaoqun Ying, Miao Chen, Yingying Lu, Shi Feng, Yonghong Xiao, Junwen Wang, Jianyong Wu, Jianghua Chen
Infection after renal transplantation remains a major cause of morbidity and death, especially infection from the extensively drug-resistant bacteria, A. baumannii. A total of fourteen A. baumannii isolates were isolated from the donors' preserved fluid from DCD (donation after cardiac death) renal transplantation and four isolates in the recipients' draining liquid at the Kidney Disease Center, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, from March 2013 to November 2014. An outbreak of A...
May 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511675/comparing-adult-renal-stem-cell-identification-characterization-and-applications
#17
REVIEW
Jennifer Huling, James J Yoo
Despite growing interest and effort, a consensus has yet to be reached in regards to the identification of adult renal stem cells. Organ complexity and low turnover of renal cells has made stem cell identification difficult and lead to the investigation of multiple possible populations. In this review, we summarize the work that has been done toward finding and characterizing an adult renal stem cell population. In addition to giving a general overview of what has been done, we aim to highlight the variation in methods and outcomes...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509689/risk-factors-of-allopurinol-induced-severe-cutaneous-adverse-reactions-in-a-thai-population
#18
Niwat Saksit, Wichittra Tassaneeyakul, Nontaya Nakkam, Parinya Konyoung, Usanee Khunarkornsiri, Pansu Chumworathayi, Chonlaphat Sukasem, Sumitra Suttisai, Napacha Piriyachananusorn, Pawinee Tiwong, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth, Ticha Rerkpattanapipat, Wongwiwat Tassaneeyakul
BACKGROUND: Allopurinol is one of the most common causes of severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions (SCARs) including drug reactions with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). This study identified the risk factors associated with the development of allopurinol-induced SCARs in a Thai population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty-six allopurinol-induced SCARs (i.e. 19 DRESS and 67 SJS/TEN) and 182 allopurinol-tolerant patients were enrolled in the study...
May 15, 2017: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508980/an-adult-case-of-severe-steroid-resistant-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-nephritis-treated-with-intravenous-cyclophosphamide-and-tonsillectomy
#19
Emi Sasaki, Maki Shibata, Asami Kato, Naoto Hamano, Takashi Katsuki, Manami Tada, Fumihiko Hinoshita
A previously healthy 37-year-old Canadian man living in Japan visited a hospital in Thailand while traveling because of edematous legs, purpura, arthralgia, bloody stool, and fever after an insect bite. Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) was suspected. His creatinine level was 5.2 mg/dL. He was treated with oral prednisolone (PSL) and oral cyclophosphamide (CPA); after treatment, his creatinine level improved to 2.4 mg/dL. Upon returning to Japan, he was admitted to the National Center for Global Health and Medicine Hospital in Tokyo...
November 2016: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501426/attenuation-of-diabetic-nephropathy-by-sanziguben-granule-inhibiting-emt-through-nrf2-mediated-anti-oxidative-effects-in-streptozotocin-stz-induced-diabetic-rats
#20
Chenxue Zhang, Qian Li, Sisi Lai, Lei Yang, Guoqi Shi, Qing Wang, Zijie Luo, Ruizhi Zhao, Yang Yu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is an acute and serious diabetic complication characterized by renal hypertrophy and renal fibrosis with the expansion of extracellular matrices. Diabetic nephropathy has become a major cause of end-stage kidney disease. Sanziguben Granule (SZGB) is a compound prescription which has been widely applied in clinical medicine for the prevention and treatment of diabetic nephropathy as well as for acute and chronic kidney injuries...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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