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Dyscalculia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921356/time-processing-impairments-in-preschoolers-at-risk-of-developing-difficulties-in-mathematics
#1
Valentina Tobia, Luca Rinaldi, Gian Marco Marzocchi
The occurrence of time processing problems in individuals with Development Dyscalculia (DD) has favored the view of a general magnitude system devoted to both numerical and temporal information. Yet, this scenario has been partially challenged by studies indicating that time difficulties can be attributed to poor calculation or counting skills, which can support reasoning on time in school-aged children and adults. Here, we tackle this debate by exploring the performance of young children before they fully develop the symbolic number system...
December 5, 2016: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835751/traffic-related-air-pollution-and-hyperactivity-inattention-dyslexia-and-dyscalculia-in-adolescents-of-the-german-giniplus-and-lisaplus-birth-cohorts
#2
Elaine Fuertes, Marie Standl, Joan Forns, Dietrich Berdel, Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Iana Markevych, Gerd Schulte-Koerne, Dorothea Sugiri, Tamara Schikowski, Carla M T Tiesler, Joachim Heinrich
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the link between air pollution exposure and behavioural problems and learning disorders during late childhood and adolescence. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether traffic-related air pollution exposure is associated with hyperactivity/inattention, dyslexia and dyscalculia up to age 15years using the German GINIplus and LISAplus birth cohorts (recruitment 1995-1999). METHODS: Hyperactivity/inattention was assessed using the German parent-completed (10years) and self-completed (15years) Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire...
October 27, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748007/numerical-magnitude-processing-impairments-in-genetic-syndromes-a-cross-syndrome-comparison-of-turner-and-22q11-2-deletion-syndromes
#3
Carmen Brankaer, Pol Ghesquière, Anke De Wel, Ann Swillen, Bert De Smedt
Cross-syndrome comparisons offer an important window onto understanding heterogeneity in mathematical learning disabilities or dyscalculia. The present study therefore investigated symbolic numerical magnitude processing in two genetic syndromes that are both characterized by mathematical learning disabilities: Turner syndrome and 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS). We further verified whether the phenotypic outcomes of these syndromes emerged from the same or different cognitive processes and therefore examined whether numerical impairments were related to working memory deficits, often observed in these syndromes...
October 17, 2016: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553484/symbolic-magnitude-processing-in-elementary-school-children-a-group-administered-paper-and-pencil-measure-symp-test
#4
Carmen Brankaer, Pol Ghesquière, Bert De Smedt
The ability to compare symbolic numerical magnitudes correlates with children's concurrent and future mathematics achievement. We developed and evaluated a quick timed paper-and-pencil measure that can easily be used, for example in large-scale research, in which children have to cross out the numerically larger of two Arabic one- and two-digit numbers (SYMP Test). We investigated performance on this test in 1,588 primary school children (Grades 1-6) and examined in each grade its associations with mathematics achievement...
August 23, 2016: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515455/dyscalculia-and-the-calculating-brain
#5
REVIEW
Isabelle Rapin
Dyscalculia, like dyslexia, affects some 5% of school-age children but has received much less investigative attention. In two thirds of affected children, dyscalculia is associated with another developmental disorder like dyslexia, attention-deficit disorder, anxiety disorder, visual and spatial disorder, or cultural deprivation. Infants, primates, some birds, and other animals are born with the innate ability, called subitizing, to tell at a glance whether small sets of scattered dots or other items differ by one or more item...
August 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455185/numerosity-but-not-texture-density-discrimination-correlates-with-math-ability-in-children
#6
Giovanni Anobile, Elisa Castaldi, Marco Turi, Francesca Tinelli, David C Burr
Considerable recent work suggests that mathematical abilities in children correlate with the ability to estimate numerosity. Does math correlate only with numerosity estimation, or also with other similar tasks? We measured discrimination thresholds of school-age (6- to 12.5-years-old) children in 3 tasks: numerosity of patterns of relatively sparse, segregatable items (24 dots); numerosity of very dense textured patterns (250 dots); and discrimination of direction of motion. Thresholds in all tasks improved with age, but at different rates, implying the action of different mechanisms: In particular, in young children, thresholds were lower for sparse than textured patterns (the opposite of adults), suggesting earlier maturation of numerosity mechanisms...
August 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356678/basic-numerical-processing-calculation-and-working-memory-in-children-with-dyscalculia-and-or-adhd-symptoms
#7
Jörg-Tobias Kuhn, Elena Ise, Julia Raddatz, Christin Schwenk, Christian Dobel
OBJECTIVE: Deficits in basic numerical skills, calculation, and working memory have been found in children with developmental dyscalculia (DD) as well as children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This paper investigates cognitive profiles of children with DD and/or ADHD symptoms (AS) in a double dissociation design to obtain a better understanding of the comorbidity of DD and ADHD. METHOD: Children with DD-only (N = 33), AS-only (N = 16), comorbid DD+AS (N = 20), and typically developing controls (TD, N = 40) were assessed on measures of basic numerical processing, calculation, working memory, processing speed, and neurocognitive measures of attention...
June 29, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350512/identifying-dyscalculia-symptoms-related-to-magnocellular-reasoning-using-smartphones
#8
Greger Siem Knudsen, Ankica Babic
This paper presents a study that has developed a mobile software application for assisting diagnosis of learning disabilities in mathematics, called dyscalculia, and measuring correlations between dyscalculia symptoms and magnocellular reasoning. Usually, software aids for dyscalculic individuals are focused on both assisting diagnosis and teaching the material. The software developed in this study however maintains a specific focus on the former, and in the process attempts to capture alleged correlations between dyscalculia symptoms and possible underlying causes of the condition...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339017/neurocognitive-accounts-of-developmental-dyscalculia-and-its-remediation
#9
T Iuculano
Numbers are one of the most pervasive stimulus categories in our environment and an integral foundation of modern society. Yet, up to 20% of individuals fail to understand, represent, and manipulate numbers and form the basis of arithmetic, a condition termed developmental dyscalculia (DD). Multiple cognitive and neural systems including those that serve numerical, mnemonic, visuospatial, and cognitive control functions have independently been implicated in the etiology of DD, yet most studies have not taken a comprehensive or dynamic view of the disorder...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339011/similarity-interference-in-learning-and-retrieving-arithmetic-facts
#10
A De Visscher, M-P Noël
Storing the solution of simple calculations in long-term memory is an important learning in primary school that is subsequently essential in adult daily living. While most children succeed in storing arithmetic facts to which they have been trained at school, huge individual differences are reported, particularly in children with developmental dyscalculia, who show a severe and persistent deficit in arithmetic facts learning. This chapter reports important advances in the understanding of the development of an arithmetic facts network and focuses on the detrimental effect of similarity interference...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339010/individual-differences-in-children-s-mathematics-achievement-the-roles-of-symbolic-numerical-magnitude-processing-and-domain-general-cognitive-functions
#11
K Vanbinst, B De Smedt
This contribution reviewed the available evidence on the domain-specific and domain-general neurocognitive determinants of children's arithmetic development, other than nonsymbolic numerical magnitude processing, which might have been overemphasized as a core factor of individual differences in mathematics and dyscalculia. We focused on symbolic numerical magnitude processing, working memory, and phonological processing, as these determinants have been most researched and their roles in arithmetic can be predicted against the background of brain imaging data...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312842/fragile-x-premutation-carrier-epidemiology-and-symptomatology-in-israel-results-from-a-tertiary-child-developmental-center
#12
Lidia V Gabis, Noah Gruber, Michal Berkenstadt, Shahar Shefer, Odelia Leon Attia, Dana Mula, Yoram Cohen, Shai E Elizur
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most prevalent known genetically inherited cause for autism and intellectual disability. Premutation state can cause several clinical disorders as well. We aimed to perform a nesting approach to acquire data with regard to first degree relatives of index fragile X cases at the largest child development center in Israel in order to map characteristics of Israeli FXS permutation women carriers. Seventy-nine women were referred due to a related fragile X syndrome patient, mainly an offspring or sibling...
October 2016: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303609/neurofeedback-a-comprehensive-review-on-system-design-methodology-and-clinical-applications
#13
Hengameh Marzbani, Hamid Reza Marateb, Marjan Mansourian
Neurofeedback is a kind of biofeedback, which teaches self-control of brain functions to subjects by measuring brain waves and providing a feedback signal. Neurofeedback usually provides the audio and or video feedback. Positive or negative feedback is produced for desirable or undesirable brain activities, respectively. In this review, we provided clinical and technical information about the following issues: (1) Various neurofeedback treatment protocols i.e. alpha, beta, alpha/theta, delta, gamma, and theta; (2) Different EEG electrode placements i...
April 2016: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27251676/utility-of-testing-for-apraxia-and-associated-features-in-dementia
#14
Samrah Ahmed, Ian Baker, Sian Thompson, Masud Husain, Christopher R Butler
INTRODUCTION: Existing literature suggests that the presence or absence of apraxia and associated parietal deficits may be clinically relevant in differential diagnosis of dementia syndromes. AIM: This study investigated the profile of these features in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) spectrum disorders, at first presentation. METHODS: Retrospective case note analysis was undertaken in 111 patients who presented to the Oxford Cognitive Disorders Clinic, Oxford, UK, including 29 amnestic AD, 12 posterior cortical atrophy (PCA), 12 logopenic primary progressive aphasia (lvPPA), 20 behavioural variant FTD (bvFTD), 7 non-fluent variant PPA (nfvPPA), 6 semantic variant PPA (svPPA) and 25 patients with subjective cognitive impairment (SCI)...
November 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27118666/mental-health-problems-in-a-school-setting-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
Gerd Schulte-Körne
BACKGROUND: 10-20% of children and adolescents have a mental health problem of some type. Manifestations such as attention deficits, cognitive disturbances, lack of motivation, and negative mood all adversely affect scholastic development. It is often unclear what factors associated with school affect children's mental development and what preventive measures and interventions at school might be effective. METHODS: This review is based on systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and randomized and non-randomized controlled trials that were retrieved by a selective search in the PubMed, PsycInfo, and Google Scholar databases...
March 18, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27071902/statistical-classification-of-dyscalculia-symptoms-using-smartphones-and-behaviour-of-magnocellular-cells
#16
Greger Siem Knudsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27050848/the-prevalence-of-developmental-dyscalculia-in-brazilian-public-school-system
#17
José Alexandre Bastos, Angela Maria Traldi Cecato, Marielza Regina Ismael Martins, Kelly Regina Risso Grecca, Rafael Pierini
The goal of the study was to assess public school children at the end of the first stage of elementary school. We used a protocol applied concurrently with a writing test in the form of an unexpected activity in 28 public schools; 2,893 children assessed, 687 exhibited performance below 58 points, 184 were excluded due to change of address or lack of consent; 503 children subjected to a test of intellectual capacity and reading assessment and 71 considered intellectually disabled were excluded. 226 (7.8%) children, who could read, write, and had normal intellectual level, met the criteria of developmental dyscalculia (DD), 98 female and 128 male...
March 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27015671/the-mental-number-line-in-dyscalculia-impaired-number-sense-or-access-from-symbolic-numbers
#18
Anne Lafay, Marie-Catherine St-Pierre, Joël Macoir
Numbers may be manipulated and represented mentally over a compressible number line oriented from left to right. According to numerous studies, one of the primary reasons for dyscalculia is related to improper understanding of the mental number line. Children with dyscalculia usually show difficulty when they have to place Arabic numbers on a physical number line. However, it remains unclear whether they have a deficit with the mental number line per se or a deficit with accessing it from nonsymbolic and/or symbolic numbers...
March 25, 2016: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26869946/what-is-specific-and-what-is-shared-between-numbers-and-words
#19
Júlia B Lopes-Silva, Ricardo Moura, Annelise Júlio-Costa, Guilherme Wood, Jerusa F Salles, Vitor G Haase
Reading and spelling performance have a significant correlation with number transcoding, which is the ability to establish a relationship between the verbal and Arabic representations of numbers, when a conversion of numerical symbols from one notation to the other is necessary. The aim of the present study is to reveal shared and non-shared mechanisms involved in reading and writing of words and Arabic numerals in Brazilian school-aged children. One hundred and seventy-two children from second to fourth grades were evaluated...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26740652/neuroimaging-evidence-of-a-bilateral-representation-for-visually-presented-numbers
#20
Mareike Grotheer, Karl-Heinz Herrmann, Gyula Kovács
UNLABELLED: The clustered architecture of the brain for different visual stimulus categories is one of the most fascinating topics in the cognitive neurosciences. Interestingly, recent research suggests the existence of additional regions for newly acquired stimuli such as letters (letter form area; LFA; Thesen et al., 2012) and numbers (visual number form area; NFA; Shum et al., 2013). However, neuroimaging methods thus far have failed to visualize the NFA in healthy participants, likely due to fMRI signal dropout caused by the air/bone interface of the petrous bone (Shum et al...
January 6, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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