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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766459/cognitive-functioning-in-chiari-malformation-type-i-without-posterior-fossa-surgery
#1
Maitane García, Esther Lázaro, Juan Francisco López-Paz, Oscar Martínez, Manuel Pérez, Sarah Berrocoso, Mohammad Al-Rashaida, Imanol Amayra
Chiari Malformation type I (CM-I) is a neurological disorder characterized by a displacement of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum into the spinal canal. Most research has focused on physical symptomatology but few studies include neuropsychological examinations. Moreover, although current research highlights the involvement of the cerebellum on higher cognitive functions, little is known about cognitive consequences associated with CM-I. The aim of this study is to analyze cognitive functioning between 39 CM-I patients and 39 healthy controls, matched by gender, age and years of education...
May 15, 2018: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763451/episodic-memory-and-delayed-recall-are-significantly-more-impaired-in-younger-patients-with-deficit-schizophrenia-than-in-elderly-patients-with-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment
#2
Buranee Kanchanatawan, Sookjaroen Tangwongchai, Thitiporn Supasitthumrong, Sira Sriswasdi, Michael Maes
BACKGROUND: Both amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and schizophrenia, in particular deficit schizophrenia, are accompanied by cognitive impairments. The aim of the present study was to examine the cognitive differences between aMCI and (non)deficit schizophrenia. METHODS: Towards this end we recruited 60 participants with aMCI, 40 with deficit and 40 with nondeficit schizophrenia and 103 normal volunteers. Cognitive measures were assessed with the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's disease (CERAD) using the Verbal Fluency Test (VFT), Boston Naming Test (BNT), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Word list memory (WLM), Word list recall (WLRecall) and Word list recognition (WLRecognition)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756356/neuroimaging-abnormalities-in-individuals-exhibiting-parkinson-s-disease-risk-markers
#3
Marcus Heldmann, Janna Heeren, Christine Klein, Linus Rauch, Johann Hagenah, Thomas F Münte, Meike Kasten, Norbert Brüggemann
BACKGROUND: The concept of prodromal Parkinson's disease (PD) involves variable combinations of nonmotor features and subtle motor abnormalities as a result of ongoing neurodegeneration in the brain stem including substantia nigra (SN) and abnormal findings upon transcranial sonography and nuclear imaging. Except for nuclear imaging, the predictive value of risk markers for the conversion to overt PD is low. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether PD risk markers are associated with changes in brain structure and to what extent cognitive changes are risk markers for PD...
May 14, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754106/the-effect-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-psychotic-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-is-associated-with-oxy-hemoglobin-concentrations-in-the-brain-as-measured-by-near-infrared-spectroscopy-a-pilot-study
#4
Zui Narita, Takamasa Noda, Shiori Setoyama, Kazuki Sueyoshi, Takuma Inagawa, Tomiki Sumiyoshi
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been shown to be effective in treating some of the symptoms of schizophrenia. In the current study, we sought to determine whether oxy-hemoglobin ([oxy-Hb]), measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), is associated with effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia. Twenty-six patients underwent tDCS (2 mA × 20 min) two times per day for five consecutive days. The anodal electrode was placed over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex while the cathodal electrode was placed over the right supraorbital region...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752016/perioperative-research-into-memory-prime-cognitive-impairment-following-a-severe-burn-injury-and-critical-care-admission-part-1
#5
Edward J R Watson, Klará Nenadlová, Olivia H Clancy, Mena Farag, Naz A Nordin, Agnes Nilsen, Ashley R T Mehmet, Ahmed Al-Hindawi, Sundhiya Mandalia, Lisa M Williams, Trudi L Edginton, Marcela P Vizcaychipi
INTRODUCTION: An investigation into long-term cognitive impairment and Quality of Life (QoL) after severe burns. METHODS: A proof of principle, cohort design, prospective, observational clinical study. Patients with severe burns (>15% TBSA) admitted to Burns ICU for invasive ventilation were recruited for psychocognitive assessment with a convenience sample of age and sex-matched controls. Participants completed psychological and QoL questionnaires, the Cogstate® electronic battery, Hopkins Verbal Learning, Verbal Fluency and Trail making tasks...
May 8, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747716/effects-of-antiparkinson-medication-on-cognition-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#6
Marc-André Roy, Maxime Doiron, Jessica Talon-Croteau, Nicolas Dupré, Martine Simard
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to systematically review the effects of currently prescribed antiparkinson medication on cognition in patients with mild-to-moderate Parkinson's disease (PD) who were either cognitively intact or mildly impaired. METHODS: English- and French-language studies published between 1969 and 2017 were accessed via MedLine, PsychNET, EMBASE and EBSCO databases. Methodological quality (MQ) was evaluated with the quality assessment instrument of the Cochrane Collaboration Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Review (scores from 0% to 44% indicate very low quality; scores from 45% to 64% indicate low quality; scores from 65% to 84% indicate medium quality; and scores from 85% to 100% indicate high quality)...
May 11, 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744676/associations-of-dietary-intake-and-supplement-use-with-post-therapy-cognitive-recovery-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#7
Zhezhou Huang, Yan Shi, Pingping Bao, Hui Cai, Zhen Hong, Ding Ding, James Jackson, Xiao-Ou Shu, Qi Dai
PURPOSE: Cognitive impairment induced by cancer therapy is common and can be long lasting after completion of therapy. Little is known on factors that influence recovery from the impairment. We evaluated the associations of dietary intake and supplement use with post-therapy cognitive recovery in a large cohort of breast cancer survivors. METHODS: This study included 1047 breast cancer patients aged 20-75 who were recruited to the Shanghai Breast Cancer Survival Study between 2002 and 2006 at approximately 6...
May 9, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741593/glycated-peptide-levels-are-associated-with-cognitive-decline-among-non-diabetic-older-women
#8
Siena Duarte, Tina Hoang, Susan K Ewing, Peggy M Cawthon, Steve Cummings, Katie L Stone, Jane A Cauley, Douglas C Bauer, Teresa A Hillier, Kristine Yaffe
Background: The association between diabetes and dementia may be explained in part by elevated levels of glycated peptides; we sought to determine if serum glycated peptides predicted cognitive decline in non-diabetic older adults. Methods: We prospectively studied 525 community-dwelling non-diabetic women, mean age of 82 years, and analyzed baseline glycated peptides (serum level of fructosamine and glycated albumin). Cognitive outcomes included 5-year decline on the short Mini-Mental State Examination (sMMSE), Trails B, and performance on a battery of five other cognitive tests at the follow-up visit...
May 7, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738036/first-stages-chronic-kidney-disease-have-mild-effects-on-cognitive-performance-results-of-a-15-105-brazilian-adult-baseline-cohort
#9
Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Roberto Marini Ladeira, Cláudia Caciquinho Vieira de Souza, Itamar de Souza Santos, Sandhi Maria Barreto
INTRODUCTION: The aging of the population may lead to an increased prevalence of dementia and chronic kidney disease (CKD) and their overlap. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between CKD and cognitive performance among Brazilian adults (35-74 years). METHODS: Baseline data analysis of the Longitudinal Study of Adults (ELSA-Brasil), a multicenter cohort comprising 15,105 civil servants, was performed. Kidney function was defined by the CKD-Epi-estimated GRF and albumin creatinin ratio (ACR)...
April 26, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735975/efficacy-of-acupuncture-therapy-for-chemotherapy-related-cognitive-impairment-in-breast-cancer-patients
#10
Taishan Tong, Chunqin Pei, Jun Chen, Qing Lv, Fuquan Zhang, Zaohuo Cheng
BACKGROUND Chemotherapy can cause adverse effects such as chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment (CRCI). In this prospective study, the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine acupuncture therapy in relieving CRCI and its impact on serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighty patients were randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group with 40 patients in each group. The treatment group was treated at the following acupuncture points: Baihui (DU20), Sishencong (EX-HN1), Shenting (DU24), Zusanli (ST36), Taixi (K13), Dazhong (K14), and Juegu (GB39)...
May 8, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733343/examining-the-latent-structure-of-the-delis-kaplan-executive-function-system
#11
Justin E Karr, Scott M Hofer, Grant L Iverson, Mauricio A Garcia-Barrera
Objective: The current study aimed to determine whether the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS) taps into three executive function factors (inhibition, shifting, fluency) and to assess the relationship between these factors and tests of executive-related constructs less often measured in latent variable research: reasoning, abstraction, and problem solving. Method: Participants included 425 adults from the D-KEFS standardization sample (20-49 years old; 50...
May 4, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732940/orthographic-learning-in-children-with-isolated-and-combined-reading-and-spelling-deficits
#12
Heike Mehlhase, Sarolta Bakos, Karin Landerl, Gerd Schulte-Körne, Kristina Moll
Dissociations between reading and spelling problems are likely to be associated with different underlying cognitive deficits, and with different deficits in orthographic learning. In order to understand these differences, the current study examined orthographic learning using a printed-word learning paradigm. Children (4th grade) with isolated reading, isolated spelling and combined reading and spelling problems were compared to children with age appropriate reading and spelling skills on their performance during learning novel words and symbols (non-verbal control condition), and during immediate and delayed reading and spelling recall tasks...
May 7, 2018: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730871/the-relationship-of-insight-with-psychopathology-and-neuropsychological-functioning-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#13
Ahmet Tiryaki, Aykut Karahan, Filiz Civil Arslan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of the different dimensions of insight with clinical variables, symptom severity, and cognitive functions in patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: In this cross-sectional descriptive study,  66  out  patients that applied to the Karadeniz Technical University, Psychiatry Clinic and were diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM-IV were evaluated. The patients were evaluated with Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID-I), the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS), and the Schedule for Assessing the Three Components of Insight (SAI)...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730501/language-skills-in-children-with-benign-childhood-epilepsy-with-centrotemporal-spikes-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Joana Teixeira, Maria Emília Santos
Benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) is the epileptic syndrome that most affects preschool and school-age children. Despite being usually considered a benign condition, several studies have shown that this epileptic syndrome is responsible for cognitive morbidities in children, namely at the level of attention and memory, as well as language. However, language disorders are still superficially addressed by the literature. This review aimed to compile and synthesize recent literature in this area...
May 3, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726004/factors-associated-with-poor-functional-outcome-in-bipolar-disorder-sociodemographic-clinical-and-neurocognitive-variables
#15
J Sanchez-Moreno, C M Bonnin, A González-Pinto, B L Amann, B Solé, V Balanzá-Martinez, C Arango, E Jiménez, R Tabarés-Seisdedos, M P Garcia-Portilla, A Ibáñez, J M Crespo, J L Ayuso-Mateos, A Martinez-Aran, C Torrent, E Vieta
OBJECTIVE: The current investigation aimed at studying the sociodemographic, clinical, and neuropsychological variables related to functional outcome in a sample of euthymic patients with bipolar disorder(BD) presenting moderate-severe levels of functional impairment. METHODS: Two-hundred and thirty-nine participants with BD disorders and with Functioning Assessment Short Test(FAST) scores equal or above 18 were administered a clinical and diagnostic interview, and the administration of mood measure scales and a comprehensive neuropsychological battery...
May 3, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725839/executive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-3
#16
Itaru Tamura, Asako Takei, Shinsuke Hamada, Hiroyuki Soma, Michio Nonaka, Sanae Homma, Fumio Moriwaka
The aim of this study was to assess the cognitive functions of patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 3(SCA3). We examined 15 patients with genetically confirmed SCA3 and 15 healthy control subjects matched for age, years of education, and intellectual ability. We administered verbal memory (word recall and word recognition) and executive function tasks (word fluency test, forward and backward digit and visual span tests, Kana Pick-out Test, Trail Making Test, and conflicting instructions and a Go/NoGo task from the Frontal Assessment Battery)...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723976/multimodal-assessment-of-recurrent-mtbi-across-the-lifespan
#17
Skadi Wilke, Kristin Prehn, Benedikt Taud, Jonathan List, Agnes Flöel
Recurrent mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) and its neurological sequelae have been the focus of a large number of studies, indicating cognitive, structural, and functional brain alterations. However, studies often focused on single outcome measures in small cohorts of specific populations only. We conducted a multimodal evaluation of the impact of recurrent mTBI on a broad range of cognitive functions, regional brain volume, white matter integrity, and resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) in young and older adults in the chronic stage (>6 months after the last mTBI)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716895/metabolic-syndrome-and-neurocognition-among-diverse-middle-aged-and-older-hispanics-latinos-hchs-sol-results
#18
Hector M González, Wassim Tarraf, Priscilla Vásquez, Ashley H Sanderlin, Natalya I Rosenberg, Sonia Davis, Carlos J Rodríguez, Linda C Gallo, Bharat Thyagarajan, Martha Daviglus, Tasneem Khambaty, Jianwen Cai, Neil Schneiderman
OBJECTIVE: Hispanics/Latinos have the highest risks for metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the United States and are also at increased risk for Alzheimer disease. In this study, we examined associations among neurocognitive function, MetS, and inflammation among diverse middle-aged and older Hispanics/Latinos. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional data (2008-2011) from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos were analyzed to examine associations between neurocognition and MetS among diverse Hispanics/Latinos ( N = 9,136; aged 45-74 years)...
May 1, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713787/cognitive-profile-of-ketamine-dependent-patients-compared-with-methamphetamine-dependent-patients-and-healthy-controls
#19
Liang-Jen Wang, Chih-Ken Chen, Shih-Ku Lin, Yi-Chih Chen, Ke Xu, Ming-Chyi Huang
BACKGROUND: Ketamine has emerged as a major substance of abuse worldwide and has been listed with methamphetamine (METH) as two of the most widely available illicit substances in Taiwan. Only a few studies have examined the long-term consequences of chronic and heavy ketamine abuse. We compared the cognitive function of ketamine-dependent patients with that of METH-dependent patients and healthy controls. METHODS: We recruited 165 participants (58 ketamine-dependent and 49 METH-dependent patients who sought treatment and 58 healthy controls) and evaluated them by using a cognitive test battery, the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia, with scores being estimated in reference to normative data in general population...
April 30, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713297/metabolic-and-electrophysiological-changes-associated-to-clinical-improvement-in-two-severely-traumatized-subjects-treated-with-emdr-a-pilot-study
#20
Marco Pagani, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Andrea Daverio, Patrizia La Porta, Leonardo Monaco, Fabiola Ferrentino, Agostino Chiaravalloti, Isabel Fernandez, Giorgio Di Lorenzo
Neuroimaging represents a powerful tool to investigate the neurobiological correlates of Eye Movements Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR). The impact of EMDR on cortical and sub-cortical brain regions has been proven by several investigations demonstrating a clear association between symptoms disappearance and changes in cortical structure and functionality. The aim of this study was to assess by electroencephalography (EEG) and for the first time by positron emission tomography (PET) the changes occurring after EMDR therapy in two cases of psychological trauma following brain concussion and comatose state due to traffic accident...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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