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Verbal fluency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632521/verbal-and-figural-fluency-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-does-hippocampal-sclerosis-affect-performance
#1
Ioannis Zalonis, Foteini Christidi, Artemios Artemiadis, Constantinos Psarros, George Papadopoulos, George Tsivgoulis, Stergios Gatzonis, Anna Siatouni, Georgios Velonakis, Efstratios Karavasilis, Evangelia Kararizou, Nikolaos Triantafyllou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Clinicians commonly use verbal and nonverbal measures to test fluency in patients with epilepsy, either during routine cognitive assessment or as part of pre- and postsurgical evaluation. We hypothesized that patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) with hippocampal sclerosis would perform worse than patients with lateral TLE in both verbal and design fluency. METHODS: We assessed semantic, phonemic, and nonverbal fluency in 49 patients with TLE: 31 with lateral TLE and 18 with mesial TLE plus hippocampal sclerosis...
June 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632037/construct-and-concurrent-validity-of-the-cambridge-neuropsychological-automated-tests-in-portuguese-older-adults-without-neuropsychiatric-diagnoses-and-with-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia
#2
Marta Matos Gonçalves, Maria Salomé Pinho, Mário R Simões
We aimed to analyze the construct and concurrent validity of the Rapid Visual Information Processing (RVP), Paired Associates Learning (PAL), Reaction Time (RTI), and Spatial Working Memory (SWM) tests from the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB®). Inclusion criteria were checked in a first session. The CANTAB and additional pencil-and-paper tests were administered within 1 week. The participants (aged 69-96 years) were 137 Portuguese adults without neuropsychiatric diagnoses and 37 adults with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease dementia...
February 28, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630377/effects-of-cognitive-reserve-depend-on-executive-and-semantic-demands-of-the-task
#3
R Ryan Darby, Michael Brickhouse, David A Wolk, Bradford C Dickerson
BACKGROUND: Cognitive reserve (CR) is one factor that helps to maintain cognitive function in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Whether the effects of CR depend on the semantic/executive components of the task remains unknown. METHODS: 470 patients (138 with AD, 332 with mild cognitive impairment (MCI)) were selected from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative database. Linear regression models were used to determine the effects of CR (years of education) on cognitive performance after controlling for demographic factors and regional cortical atrophy...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624827/qualitative-assessment-of-verbal-fluency-performance-in-frontotemporal-dementia
#4
Esther van den Berg, Lize C Jiskoot, Mariëlle J H Grosveld, John C van Swieten, Janne M Papma
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Verbal fluency is impaired in patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and primary progressive aphasia (PPA). This study explored qualitative differences in verbal fluency (clustering of words, switching between strategies) between FTD and PPA variants. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with behavioral variant FTD (bvFTD) and 50 with PPA (13 nonfluent/agrammatic, 14 semantic, and 23 logopenic) performed a semantic and letter fluency task. Clustering (number of multiword strings) and switching (number of transitions between clustered and nonclustered words) were recorded by two independent raters...
June 17, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623461/neuropsychological-test-administration-by-videoconference-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Timothy W Brearly, Robert D Shura, Sarah L Martindale, Rory A Lazowski, David D Luxton, Brian V Shenal, Jared A Rowland
The purpose of the current systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effect of videoconference administration on adult neurocognitive tests. We investigated whether the scores acquired during a videoconference administration were different from those acquired during on-site administration. Relevant counterbalanced crossover studies were identified according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Twelve studies met criteria for analysis. Included samples consisted of healthy adults as well as those with psychiatric or neurocognitive disorders, with mean ages ranging from 34 to 88 years...
June 16, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623151/cognitive-performance-across-3-frailty-phenotypes-toledo-study-for-healthy-aging
#6
Cristina Rosado-Artalejo, Jose Antonio Carnicero, Jose Losa-Reyna, Amelia Guadalupe-Grau, Carmen Castillo-Gallego, Gonzalo Gutierrez-Avila, Ana Alfaro-Acha, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Leocadio Rodríguez-Mañas, Francisco José García-García
INTRODUCTION: Frailty is a strong predictor of adverse health events, but its impact on cognitive function is poorly understood. AIM: To assess cognitive performance in frailty and to identify the frailty stage where cognitive impairment begins. METHODS: Data were taken from 2044 people aged ≥65 years without cognitive impairment selected from the Toledo Study for Healthy Aging, a population-based cohort of older adults. Frailty status was assessed by 3 different scales: Frailty Phenotype (FP), Frailty Trait Scale (FTS), and Frailty Index (FI)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622557/the-executive-profile-of-children-with-benign-epilepsy-of-childhood-with-centrotemporal-spikes-and-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#7
Ellen M Lima, Patricia Rzezak, Catarina A Guimarães, Maria A Montenegro, Marilisa M Guerreiro, Kette D Valente
RATIONALE: Benign Epilepsy of Childhood with Centrotemporal Spikes (BECTS) and temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) represent two distinct models of focal epilepsy of childhood. In both, there is evidence of executive dysfunction. The purpose of the present study was to identify particular deficits in the executive function that would distinguish children with BECTS from children with TLE. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 19 consecutive children and adolescents with TLE with hippocampal sclerosis (HS) (57...
June 13, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619178/changes-in-subcortical-shape-and-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-chronic-insomnia
#8
Dae Lim Koo, Jeong-Hyeon Shin, Jae-Sung Lim, Joon-Kyung Seong, Eun Yeon Joo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine morphological changes in subcortical structures via surface-based analysis and to correlate local shape changes with cognitive function. METHODS: We analyzed subcortical brain morphology and compared the shape changes with clinical and neuropsychological features in patients with chronic insomnia. RESULTS: Hippocampal atrophy was associated with higher Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index scores (r = -0...
July 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613138/a-neuropsychological-study-of-older-adult-first-time-sex-offenders
#9
Marcelo Rodriguez, Philip Boyce, John Hodges
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The issue of whether sex offenders have cognitive deficits remains controversial. The objective of this study was to compare the neuropsychological function of older adult first time sex-offenders (FTSO), who had not previously been charged with a sexual offence prior to the age of 50, to historical long-term sex offenders (HSO) and non-sex offenders (NSO). The hypotheses were (a) that FTSO would demonstrate greater deficits in executive function, decision-making, and memory compared to non-sex offenders; and (b) the HSOs would present similar neuropsychological deficits to non-sex offenders...
June 14, 2017: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610451/cognitive-function-is-largely-intact-in-methadone-maintenance-treatment-patients
#10
Odelia Elkana, Miriam Adelson, Glen M Doniger, Anat Sason, Einat Peles
OBJECTIVES: To confirm our previous findings of less cognitive impairments (based on cognitive screening tools) among Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) patients who achieved take-home dose (THD) privileges. METHODS: a random sample of 65 Israeli MMT patients were studied using computerized, age and education standardized, cognitive domains (attention, executive function, memory, motor skills), and non-computerized phonetic and semantic verbal fluency. Cognitive scores were within ±1 standard deviation (SD) of average for most domains, including non-verbal IQ, attention and motor skills...
June 14, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601572/corpus-callosum-atrophy-as-a-marker-of-clinically-meaningful-cognitive-decline-in-secondary-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-impact-on-employment-status
#11
Athanasios Papathanasiou, Lambros Messinis, Petros Zampakis, Panagiotis Papathanasopoulos
Cognitive impairment in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is more frequent and pronounced in secondary progressive MS (SPMS). Cognitive decline is an important predictor of employment status in patients with MS. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) markers have been used to associate tissue damage with cognitive dysfunction. The aim of the study was to designate the MRI marker that predicts cognitive decline in SPMS and explore its effect on employment status. 30 SPMS patients and 30 healthy participants underwent neuropsychological assessment using the Trail Making Test (TMT) parts A and B, semantic and phonological verbal fluency task and a computerized cognitive screening battery (Central Nervous System Vital Signs)...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600740/functional-reorganization-during-cognitive-function-tasks-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#12
Jürgen Keller, Sarah Böhm, Helena E A Aho-Özhan, Markus Loose, Martin Gorges, Jan Kassubek, Ingo Uttner, Sharon Abrahams, Albert C Ludolph, Dorothée Lulé
Cognitive deficits, especially in the domains of social cognition and executive function including verbal fluency, are common in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. There is yet sparse understanding of pathogenesis of the underlying, possibly adaptive, cortical patterns. To address this issue, 65 patients with ALS and 33 age-, gender- and education-matched healthy controls were tested on cognitive and behavioral deficits with the Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS). Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), cortical activity during social cognition and executive function tasks (theory of mind, verbal fluency, alternation) adapted from the ECAS was determined in a 3 Tesla scanner...
June 9, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596126/reaction-time-processing-speed-and-sustained-attention-in-schizophrenia-impact-on-social-functioning
#13
Guillermo Lahera, Alicia Ruiz, Antía Brañas, María Vicens, Arantxa Orozco
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have linked processing speed with social cognition and functioning of patients with schizophrenia. A discriminant analysis is needed to determine the different components of this neuropsychological construct. This paper analyzes the impact of processing speed, reaction time and sustained attention on social functioning. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 98 outpatients between 18 and 65 with DSM-5 diagnosis of schizophrenia, with a period of 3 months of clinical stability, were recruited...
June 5, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592136/relationship-of-depression-with-executive-functions-and-visuospatial-memory-in-elderly
#14
Monika Klojčnik, Voyko Kavcic, Karin Bakracevic Vukman
Cognitive deficits are a potential part of the clinical picture of depression, especially when it comes to late-life depression. The present study was carried out to establish whether distinctive cognitive deficiencies can be linked with depression in the late-life period, especially in executive functioning, working memory, and visuospatial memory. Our sample consisted of 71 seniors in the age range between 69 and 85 years. A battery of neurocognitive tests was used, including tests of executive functioning (Trail Making Test [TMT], part B, Stroop color word test, semantic word fluency test, and partially Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure test [ROCF]), tests of attention and working memory (TMT, part A and digit span), and test of visuospatil ability and memory (ROCF)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591067/bergamot-polyphenolic-fraction-supplementation-improves-cognitive-functioning-in-schizophrenia-data-from-an-8-week-open-label-pilot-study
#15
Antonio Bruno, Gianluca Pandolfo, Manuela Crucitti, Clemente Cedro, Rocco Antonio Zoccali, Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello
BACKGROUND: Novel treatment strategies for cognitive dysfunctions may prevent long-term disability in patients with schizophrenia, and polyphenolic compounds might be a promising strategy. Bergamot (Citrus bergamia), a citrus fruit characterized by a high amount of flavonoids and flavonoid glycosides, may represent a potential nutraceutical approach to cognitive dysfunction. The present study was aimed to explore the efficacy of bergamot polyphenolic fraction (BPF) supplementation on cognitive/executive functioning in a sample of patients with schizophrenia receiving second-generation antipsychotics...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588478/lower-activation-in-frontal-cortex-and-posterior-cingulate-cortex-observed-during-sex-determination-test-in-early-stage-dementia-of-the-alzheimer-type
#16
Ravi Rajmohan, Ronald C Anderson, Dan Fang, Austin G Meyer, Pavis Laengvejkal, Parunyou Julayanont, Greg Hannabas, Kitten Linton, John Culberson, Hafiz Khan, John De Toledo, P Hemachandra Reddy, Michael W O'Boyle
Face-labeling refers to the ability to classify faces into social categories. This plays a critical role in human interaction as it serves to define concepts of socially acceptable interpersonal behavior. The purpose of the current study was to characterize, what, if any, impairments in face-labeling are detectable in participants with early-stage clinically diagnosed dementia of the Alzheimer type (CDDAT) through the use of the sex determination test (SDT). In the current study, four (1 female, 3 males) CDDAT and nine (4 females, 5 males) age-matched neurotypicals (NT) completed the SDT using chimeric faces while undergoing BOLD fMRI...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587807/association-of-mri-t1-relaxation-time-with-neuropsychological-test-performance-in-manganese-exposed-welders
#17
R M Bowler, C-L Yeh, S W Adams, E J Ward, R Ma, S Dharmadhikari, S A Snyder, E Zauber, C W Wright, U Dydak
This study examines the results of neuropsychological testing of 26 active welders and 17 similar controls and their relationship to welders' shortened MRI T1 relaxation time, indicative of increased brain manganese (Mn) accumulation. Welders were exposed to Mn for an average duration of 12.25 years to average levels of Mn in air of 0.11±0.05mg/m(3). Welders scored significantly worse than controls on Fruit Naming and the Parallel Lines test of graphomotor tremor. Welders had shorter MRI T1 relaxation times than controls in the globus pallidus, substantia nigra, caudate nucleus, and the anterior prefrontal lobe...
June 3, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585899/cognitive-functions-evaluation-and-changes-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-elderly-patients
#18
Cristina Ciuca, Susy Ferrari, Lisa Placuzzi, Cinzia Marrozzini, Nevio Taglieri, Barbara Bordoni, Gianni Dall'Ara, Carolina Moretti, Michela Montefiori, Rabih Chattat, Antonio Marzocchi, Francesco Saia
AIM: To assess the prevalence and postprocedural evolution of cognitive impairment (CI) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation. METHODS: 62 patients were enrolled. Mini Mental state examination (MMSE), verbal memory test (VMT), visual search test (VST) and phonemic verbal fluency (PVF) were used to evaluate the cognitive status. CI was considered when a pathological result of MMSE was confirmed by VMT, VST and PVF. RESULTS: A total of 26...
June 6, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584926/theory-of-mind-performance-in-parkinson-s-disease-is-associated-with-motor-and-cognitive-functions-but-not-with-symptom-lateralization
#19
Lisa Nobis, Katharina Schindlbeck, Felicitas Ehlen, Hannes Tiedt, Charlotte Rewitzer, Annelien A Duits, Fabian Klostermann
Next to the typical motor signs, Parkinson's disease (PD) goes along with neuropsychiatric symptoms, amongst others affecting social cognition. Particularly, Theory of Mind (ToM) impairments have mostly been associated with right hemispherical brain dysfunction, so that it might prevail in patients with left dominant PD. Fourty-four PD patients, twenty-four with left and twenty with right dominant motor symptoms, engaged in the Reading the Mind in the Eyes (RME) and the Faux Pas Detection Test (FPD) to assess affective and cognitive ToM...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582859/blood-pressure-and-hispanic-latino-cognitive-function-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-results
#20
Wassim Tarraf, Carlos J Rodríguez, Martha L Daviglus, Melissa Lamar, Neil Schneiderman, Linda Gallo, Gregory A Talavera, Robert C Kaplan, Myriam Fornage, Alan Conceicao, Hector M González
BACKGROUND: Hispanics/Latinos are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease and cognitive decline and dementias. High blood pressure (BP) has been implicated in both stroke and dementias. Associations between BP and cognition among diverse Latinos are still unpublished. OBJECTIVE: We examined associations between cognition and four BP based measures among diverse Hispanics/Latinos. We hypothesized that higher BP, particularly systolic pressure, and increased arterial stiffness (i...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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