keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Non verbal syndrom

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074148/apraxia-of-speech-and-cerebellar-mutism-syndrome-a-case-report
#1
E De Witte, I Wilssens, D De Surgeloose, G Dua, M Moens, J Verhoeven, M Manto, P Mariën
BACKGROUND: Cerebellar mutism syndrome (CMS) or posterior fossa syndrome (PFS) consists of a constellation of neuropsychiatric, neuropsychological and neurogenic speech and language deficits. It is most commonly observed in children after posterior fossa tumor surgery. The most prominent feature of CMS is mutism, which generally starts after a few days after the operation, has a limited duration and is typically followed by motor speech deficits. However, the core speech disorder subserving CMS is still unclear...
2017: Cerebellum & Ataxias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018980/the-londowns-adult-cognitive-assessment-to-study-cognitive-abilities-and-decline-in-down-syndrome
#2
Carla M Startin, Sarah Hamburg, Rosalyn Hithersay, Amy Davies, Erin Rodger, Nidhi Aggarwal, Tamara Al-Janabi, André Strydom
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome (DS), the most common genetic cause of intellectual disability, is associated with an ultra-high risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. However, there is individual variability in the onset of clinical dementia and in baseline cognitive abilities prior to decline, particularly in memory, executive functioning, and motor coordination. The LonDownS Consortium aims to determine risk and protective factors for the development of dementia and factors relating to cognitive abilities in people with DS...
November 15, 2016: Wellcome Open Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006970/phase-ii-clinical-trial-of-atorvastatin-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Claudia S Robertson, James J McCarthy, Emmy R Miller, Harvey Levin, Stephen R McCauley, Paul R Swank
Statins constitute a class of medications commonly used in the treatment of elevated cholesterol. However, in experimental studies statins also have other non-cholesterol mediated mechanisms of action, which may have neuroprotective effects. The purpose of this study was to determine if administration of atorvastatin for 7 days after injury would improve neurological recovery in patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The hypothesis was that atorvastatin administration would reduce post-concussion symptoms and also that atorvastatin administration for one week post-injury would be safe...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990716/quantitative-measurement-of-communication-ability-in-children-with-angelman-syndrome
#4
Joseph C Grieco, Ruth H Bahr, Mike R Schoenberg, Laura Conover, Lauren N Mackie, Edwin J Weeber
BACKGROUND: Angelman syndrome is a rare disorder in which most individuals do not develop speech. Testing of communication ability using traditional neuropsychological measures reveals a performance level at or near the floor of the instrument resulting in an inability to detect change when experimental therapeutics are applied. METHODS: Nine individuals, with molecularly confirmed AS, ranging in age from 34 to 126 months, and a single healthy control child (age 16 months) were audio and video-recorded while interacting with a licensed speech-language pathologist in an attempt to elicit vocalization and non-verbal communication...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965607/impaired-spatial-category-representations-in-williams-syndrome-an-investigation-of-the-mechanistic-contributions-of-non-verbal-cognition-and-spatial-language-performance
#5
Emily K Farran, Lauren Atkinson, Hannah Broadbent
The aims of this study were to: provide a precise characterisation of spatial category representations in Williams syndrome (WS); to determine the nature of the mechanistic contributions from spatial language performance and non-verbal cognition to spatial category representations in WS; and to explore the stability of spatial category representations in WS using error analysis. Spatial category representation was assessed across nine spatial categories (In, On, Under, In Front, Behind, Above, Below, Left, and Right) using an odd-one-out task...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915588/reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome
#6
Michael Perdices, Geoffrey Herkes
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is a relatively rare, non-progressive angiopathy frequently heralded by severe thunderclap headache. It is characterised by vasoconstriction of cerebral arteries which usually resolves within three months of onset. Transient focal neurological signs may occur, and persistent deficits associated with haemorrhagic comorbidities have been reported in a small percentage of individuals. In this paper we report the case of RH, a 36-year-old woman who presented at a university teaching hospital in Sydney with a clinical history and radiological evidence consistent with RCVS...
December 5, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906949/pulsed-compared-to-thermal-radiofrequency-to-the-medial-calcaneal-nerve-for-management-of-chronic-refractory-plantar-fasciitis-a-prospective-comparative-study
#7
Ayman M Osman, Dina H El-Hammady, Mohamed M Kotb
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency (RF) treatment is a minimally invasive procedure that has been used for more than 3 decades in treating various chronic pain syndromes. Conventional (continuous) RF treatment occasionally results in worsening or even initiating a new type of pain. The use of pulsed radiofrequency (PRF), which has a non- or minimally neurodestructive neuromodulatory effect, serves as an alternative to conventional RF therapy in many medical situations. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of applying PRF for 6 minutes vs...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895602/motivational-and-behavioral-activation-as-an-adjunct-to-psychiatric-rehabilitation-for-mild-to-moderate-negative-symptoms-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-study
#8
Kee-Hong Choi, Eunju Jaekal, Ga-Young Lee
Few psychosocial approaches address the negative symptoms of schizophrenia, which shares common features with depression and anxiety. Behavioral activation (BA) is effective for addressing depression and anxiety in adults with various mental disorders. Motivational interviewing (MI) has been successfully applied to address ambivalence or lack of motivation toward treatment. Motivational and behavioral activation (mBA) has been developed by incorporating the core principles from BA and MI with recent findings on the negative symptoms of schizophrenia...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854093/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-mimicking-brainstem-infarction-a-dilemma
#9
Tsung-Han Ho, Chia-Lin Tsai, Yaw-Don Hsu, Jiunn-Tay Lee, Fu-Chi Yang, Chia-Ching Hsu, Chun-Chieh Lin
PURPOSE: We had recently reported one case at American Journal of Emergency Medicine about centralvariant posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) in an 84-year-old woman with an initial misdiagnosis as central pontine myelinolysis (CPM). Here, we introduce another case of centralvariant PRES in a 49-year-old man mimicking as acute brainstem infarction in the cranial computed tomography (CT) findings. CASE REPORT: A 49-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department with a 5-day history of vertigo, cognitive decline, and difficulty in walking...
June 15, 2016: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752075/folinic-acid-improves-verbal-communication-in-children-with-autism-and-language-impairment-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#10
R E Frye, J Slattery, L Delhey, B Furgerson, T Strickland, M Tippett, A Sailey, R Wynne, S Rose, S Melnyk, S Jill James, J M Sequeira, E V Quadros
We sought to determine whether high-dose folinic acid improves verbal communication in children with non-syndromic autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and language impairment in a double-blind placebo control setting. Forty-eight children (mean age 7 years 4  months; 82% male) with ASD and language impairment were randomized to receive 12 weeks of high-dose folinic acid (2 mg kg(-1) per day, maximum 50 mg per day; n=23) or placebo (n=25). Children were subtyped by glutathione and folate receptor-α autoantibody (FRAA) status...
October 18, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644018/expanding-the-phenotype-of-triple-x-syndrome-a-comparison-of-prenatal-versus-postnatal-diagnosis
#11
Kristen Wigby, Cheryl D'Epagnier, Susan Howell, Amy Reicks, Rebecca Wilson, Lisa Cordeiro, Nicole Tartaglia
Triple X syndrome (47, XXX) occurs in approximately 1:1,000 female births and has a variable phenotype of physical and psychological features. Prenatal diagnosis rates of 47, XXX are increasing due to non-invasive prenatal genetic testing. Previous studies suggest that prenatal diagnosed females have better neurodevelopmental outcomes. This cross-sectional study describes diagnosis, physical features, medical problems, and neurodevelopmental features in a large cohort of females with 47, XXX. Evaluation included review of medical and developmental history, physical exam, cognitive, and adaptive testing...
November 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623250/exome-sequencing-coupled-with-mrna-analysis-identifies-ndufaf6-as-a-leigh-gene
#12
Laura Bianciardi, Valentina Imperatore, Erika Fernandez-Vizarra, Angela Lopomo, Micol Falabella, Simone Furini, Paolo Galluzzi, Salvatore Grosso, Massimo Zeviani, Alessandra Renieri, Francesca Mari, Elisa Frullanti
We report here the case of a young male who started to show verbal fluency disturbance, clumsiness and gait anomalies at the age of 3.5years and presented bilateral striatal necrosis. Clinically, the diagnosis was compatible with Leigh syndrome but the underlying molecular defect remained elusive even after exome analysis using autosomal/X-linked recessive or de novo models. Dosage of respiratory chain activity on fibroblasts, but not in muscle, underlined a deficit in complex I. Re-analysis of heterozygous probably pathogenic variants, inherited from one healthy parent, identified the p...
September 3, 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593255/brain-network-underlying-the-improvement-of-social-functioning-in-schizophrenic-patients-after-one-year-treatment-with-social-skills-training
#13
Stelvio Sestini, Rosanna Perone, Sandro Domenichetti, Christian Mazzeo, Veronica Massai, Alessandra Rispoli, Agnese Barbacci, Angela Valtancoli, Antonio Castagnoli, Luigi Mansi
PURPOSE: To assess changes in social and neuro-cognition and regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in schizophrenic patients with psychotic syndrome treated with Social Skill Training (SST). METHODS: 17 patients underwent two high resolution rCBF SPECT at rest before and after a one-year treatment with SST. Patients were assessed using a neuropsychological evaluation (W.A.I.S.-R, T.M.T, Verbal Fluency, W.C.S.T.). SPM8 was used to investigate rCBF changes from the pre- to the post-SST condition and the relationship between rCBF and clinical scores used as covariates of interest...
2016: Current Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567191/self-awareness-of-cognitive-dysfunction-self-reported-complaints-and-cognitive-performance-in-patients-with-alcohol-induced-mild-or-major-neurocognitive-disorder
#14
Serge J W Walvoort, Paul T van der Heijden, Arie J Wester, Roy P C Kessels, Jos I M Egger
Patients with Korsakoff's syndrome (KS) typically have difficulties in recognizing the impact of their alcohol-related cognitive deficits on daily-life functioning. In this study, mean scores on self-reported complaints (measured with Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form; MMPI-2-RF) and cognitive performance (measured with the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third edition; WAIS-III; and the California Verbal Learning Test; CVLT) are compared between two matched patient groups with severe (KS) and mild alcohol-related cognitive disorders or non KS (NKS)...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561217/executive-function-and-academic-achievement-in-primary-grade-students-with-down-syndrome
#15
E Will, D J Fidler, L Daunhauer, B Gerlach-McDonald
BACKGROUND: Executive function (EF) plays a critical role in academic outcomes in typically developing children, but the contribution of EF to academic performance in Down syndrome (DS) is less well understood. This study evaluated differences in early academic foundations between primary school aged children with DS and non-verbal mental-age matched typically developing (TD) children. Additionally, the contribution of EF domains to academic outcomes was evaluated in each group. METHOD: Participants with DS (n = 29) and mental-age matched TD participants (n = 23) were administered the Woodcock Johnson- III NU Tests of Academic Achievement, as well as a laboratory-based EF battery, including measures of working memory, shifting, inhibition and object-planning...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553576/effect-of-anticonvulsive-treatment-on-neuropsychological-performance-in-children-with-bects
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Moritz Tacke, Lucia Gerstl, Florian Heinen, Isabel Heukaeufer, Michaela Bonfert, Thomas Bast, Sonia Cornell, Bernd Axel Neubauer, Ingo Borggraefe
INTRODUCTION: Benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) is a common epilepsy syndrome in childhood. Besides the occurrence of seizures, mild cognitive impairments and behavioral problems affecting language skills, spatial perception, memory, executive function, and academic achievement might be present. There is no international consensus about the decision whether or not to treat affected children. The influence of treatment on cognitive functions is debated. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with BECTS were assessed in short term auditory memory, long-term verbal memory, intelligence and behavior using the "number recall" test from the Kaufman assessment battery for children, the "verbal learning memory test", the "culture free intelligence test" and the "child behavior checklist" prior to a randomized controlled antiepileptic therapy and after a treatment period of 6 months with either sulthiame or levetiracetam...
November 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546029/developmental-trajectories-of-structural-and-pragmatic-language-skills-in-school-aged-children-with-williams-syndrome
#17
E Van Den Heuvel, E Manders, A Swillen, I Zink
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare developmental courses of structural and pragmatic language skills in school-aged children with Williams syndrome (WS) and children with idiopathic intellectual disability (IID). Comparison of these language trajectories could highlight syndrome-specific developmental features. METHOD: Twelve monolingual Dutch-speaking children with WS aged 5.10 to 13.3 years were assessed by means of standardised structural language tests measuring receptive and expressive vocabulary and sentence comprehension and production...
October 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545961/visual-motor-integration-visual-perception-and-motor-coordination-in-a-population-with-williams-syndrome-and-in-typically-developing-children
#18
J Heiz, K Barisnikov
BACKGROUND: Williams syndrome (WS) is characterised by severe deficits in visual-spatial abilities in contrast to relatively well-developed language abilities. There is very limited knowledge about visual-motor integration (VMI) in people with WS. METHOD: Twenty-six participants with WS aged 6 to 41 years were assessed with all three tests of the Beery-VMI test, namely the VMI test, the visual perception test (VP) and the motor coordination test (MC). Their results were compared with those of 154 typically developing children (TD) aged 4 to 12...
October 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540203/clinical-supervision-what-about-the-specialist-trainees
#19
Andrew Taylor, Adam Sutherland
INTRODUCTION: Clinical supervision is defined by Barber and Norman as having four main functions: educational, supportive, managerial and development of self-awareness.1 It is common practice within initial pharmacy education for clinical supervision to take place at undergraduate, pre-registration and foundation level pharmacist stages. But what about the specialist trainees? It is probably a fair observation that the amount of clinical supervision provided for pharmacists undergoing their advanced level practice drops vividly...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479738/a-verbal-strength-in-children-with-tourette-syndrome-evidence-from-a-non-word-repetition-task
#20
Cristina D Dye, Matthew Walenski, Stewart H Mostofsky, Michael T Ullman
Tourette syndrome (TS) is characterized by motor and vocal tics, and frontal/basal-ganglia abnormalities. Whereas cognitive strengths have been found in other neurodevelopmental disorders, less attention has been paid to strengths in TS, or to verbal strengths in any neurodevelopmental disorder. We examined whether the finding of speeded TS production of rule-governed morphological forms (e.g., "slipped") that involve composition (Walenski, Mostofsky, & Ullman, 2007) might extend to another language domain, phonology...
September 2016: Brain and Language
keyword
keyword
42834
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"