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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923433/the-association-between-symptoms-of-autism-and-neuropsychological-performance-in-females-with-anorexia-nervosa
#1
Heather Westwood, William Mandy, Kate Tchanturia
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and performance on measures of set-shifting and central coherence in a sample of females with anorexia nervosa (AN). Ninety-nine females aged 12-47, recruited from inpatient and day patient eating disorder services, were assessed with the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, 2nd edition (ADOS-2), as well as the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, 2nd edition (WASI-II); Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST); Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCFT) and self-report questionnaires assessing eating disorder pathology, depression, cognitive rigidity and attention to detail...
September 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892766/the-cognitive-profile-of-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1-%C3%A2-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Kees Okkersen, Melanie Buskes, Johannes Groenewoud, Roy P C Kessels, Hans Knoop, Baziel van Engelen, Joost Raaphorst
OBJECTIVE: To examine the cognitive profile of patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) on the basis of a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. METHODS: Embase, Medline and PsycInfo were searched for studies reporting ≥1 neuropsychological test in both DM1 patients and healthy controls. Search, data extraction and risk of bias analysis were independently performed by two authors to minimize error. Neuropsychological tests were categorized into 12 cognitive domains and effect sizes (Hedges' g) were calculated for each domain and for tests administered in ≥5 studies...
August 16, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885225/rey-osterrieth-complex-figure-copy-and-immediate-recall-3-minutes-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-populations
#3
J C Arango-Lasprilla, D Rivera, M M Erlt, J M Muñoz Mancilla, C E García-Guerrero, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, A Aguayo Arelis, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, M D Barrios Nevado, M Vélez-Coto, T P Yacelga Ponce, A Rigabert, C García de la Cadena, S Pohlenz Amador, E Vergara-Moragues, M Soto-Añari, A I Peñalver Guia, M Saracostti Schwartzman, R Ferrer-Cascales
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Rey- Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the ROCF as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The ROCF copy and immediate recall (3 minutes) scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 5, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873362/impact-of-hippocampal-subfield-histopathology-in-episodic-memory-impairment-in-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-and-hippocampal-sclerosis
#4
Sandra Mara Comper, Anaclara Prada Jardim, Jeana Torres Corso, Larissa Botelho Gaça, Maria Helena Silva Noffs, Carmen Lúcia Penteado Lancellotti, Esper Abrão Cavalheiro, Ricardo Silva Centeno, Elza Márcia Targas Yacubian
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to analyze preoperative visual and verbal episodic memories in a homogeneous series of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) and unilateral hippocampal sclerosis (HS) submitted to corticoamygdalohippocampectomy and its association with neuronal cell density of each hippocampal subfield. METHODS: The hippocampi of 72 right-handed patients were collected and prepared for histopathological examination. Hippocampal sclerosis patterns were determined, and neuronal cell density was calculated...
September 2, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869475/effect-of-attention-training-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-patients-with-subcortical-vascular-changes-the-rehatt-study
#5
Leonardo Pantoni, Anna Poggesi, Stefano Diciotti, Raffaella Valenti, Stefano Orsolini, Eleonora Della Rocca, Domenico Inzitari, Mario Mascalchi, Emilia Salvadori
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients with small vessel disease (SVD) are at high dementia risk. We tested the effects of cognitive rehabilitation in these patients using the Attention Process Training-II (APT-II) program in a single-blinded, randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Patients were randomized to APT-II or standard care and evaluated at baseline, 6, and 12 months with functional, quality of life, cognitive tests, and resting state functional MRI (rsfMRI)...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865717/measuring-learning-potential-in-people-with-schizophrenia-a-comparison-of-two-tasks
#6
Melisa V Rempfer, Joan M McDowd, Catana E Brown
Learning potential measures utilize dynamic assessment methods to capture performance changes following training on a cognitive task. Learning potential has been explored in schizophrenia research as a predictor of functional outcome and there have been calls for psychometric development in this area. Because the majority of learning potential studies have utilized the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), we extended this work using a novel measure, the Rey Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCFT). This study had the following aims: 1) to examine relationships among different learning potential indices for two dynamic assessment tasks, 2) to examine the association between WCST and ROCFT learning potential measures, and 3) to address concurrent validity with a performance-based measure of functioning (Test of Grocery Shopping Skills; TOGSS)...
August 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844148/the-association-of-apolipoprotein-e-gene-polymorphism-with-cognitive-performance-in-nondemented-polish-adults-aged-55-to-75
#7
Małgorzata T Piskunowicz, Katarzyna Linkowska, Szymon Gołota, Tomasz Grzybowski, Kornelia Kędziora-Kornatowska, Alina Borkowska
The ε4 allele of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene is known as a risk factor for dementia. How APOE ε polymorphism affects cognitive performance in nondemented aging subjects remains less clear. In this study, the relationship between APOE status and cognitive performance across various cognitive domains in adults aged 55 to 75 years ( n = 74) without dementia was investigated. E4 carriers ( n = 11) performed worse versus noncarriers on forward Digit Span and delayed recall of the Rey-Osterrieth complex figure...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828217/a-pilot-study-on-the-effects-of-probiotic-supplementation-on-neuropsychological-performance-and-microrna-29a-c-levels-in-antiretroviral-treated-hiv-1-infected-patients
#8
Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Mariangela Fratino, Carla Selvaggi, Noemi Giustini, Sara Serafino, Ivan Schietroma, Giuseppe Corano Scheri, Paolo Pavone, Giulia Passavanti, Danilo Alunni Fegatelli, Ivano Mezzaroma, Guido Antonelli, Vincenzo Vullo, Carolina Scagnolari, Gabriella d'Ettorre
INTRODUCTION: The gut microbiota is involved in the regulation of cognition, mood, anxiety, and pain, and can impact cognitive functions by producing neuroactive substances or releasing bacterial by-products and metabolites. No information is available on the effects of a probiotic supplementation on brain function of HIV+ subjects. In light of the above considerations, we performed a pilot study in cART-treated HIV-1-positive patients with long-term virologic suppression. The aims were to analyze the effect of high-concentration multistrain probiotic supplementation (Vivomixx®; Visbiome®) on several neurocognitive abilities and to evaluate the safety of this supplementation...
August 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756237/distinct-resting-state-functional-connections-associated-with-episodic-and-visuospatial-memory-in-older-adults
#9
Sana Suri, Anya Topiwala, Nicola Filippini, Enikő Zsoldos, Abda Mahmood, Claire E Sexton, Archana Singh-Manoux, Mika Kivimäki, Clare E Mackay, Stephen Smith, Klaus P Ebmeier
Episodic and spatial memory are commonly impaired in ageing and Alzheimer's disease. Volumetric and task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies suggest a preferential involvement of the medial temporal lobe (MTL), particularly the hippocampus, in episodic and spatial memory processing. The present study examined how these two memory types were related in terms of their associated resting-state functional architecture. 3T multiband resting state fMRI scans from 497 participants (60-82 years old) of the cross-sectional Whitehall II Imaging sub-study were analysed using an unbiased, data-driven network-modelling technique (FSLNets)...
July 26, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726492/does-cognition-specific-computer-training-have-better-clinical-outcomes-than-non-specific-computer-training-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Ji-Hyuk Park, Jin-Hyuck Park
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate differences between non-specific computer training (NCT) and cognition-specific computer training (CCT). DESIGN: Randomized controlled experimental study. SETTING: Local community welfare center. SUBJECTS: A total of 78 subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) were randomly assigned to the NCT ( n = 39) or CCT group ( n = 39). INTERVENTION: The NCT group underwent NCT using Nintendo Wii for improving functional performance, while the CCT group underwent CCT using CoTras for improving function of the cognitive domain specifically...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661714/early-initiation-of-amphetamine-type-stimulants-ats-use-associated-with-lowered-cognitive-performance-among-individuals-with-co-occurring-opioid-and-ats-use-disorders-in-malaysia
#11
Weng-Tink Chooi, Norzarina Mohd Zaharim, Alethea Desrosiers, Imran Ahmad, Mohd Azhar Mohd Yasin, Sharifah Z Syed Jaapar, Richard S Schottenfeld, Balasingam K Vicknasingam, Marek C Chawarski
Amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) use is increasingly prevalent in Malaysia, including among individuals who also use opioids. We evaluated cognitive functioning profiles among individuals with co-occurring opioid and ATS dependence and their lifetime patterns of drug use. Participants (N = 50) enrolling in a clinical trial of buprenorphine/naloxone treatment with or without atomoxetine completed the Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test, Digit Span, Trail Making and Symbol Digit Substitution tasks...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632037/construct-and-concurrent-validity-of-the-cambridge-neuropsychological-automated-tests-in-portuguese-older-adults-without-neuropsychiatric-diagnoses-and-with-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia
#12
Marta Matos Gonçalves, Maria Salomé Pinho, Mário R Simões
We aimed to analyze the construct and concurrent validity of the Rapid Visual Information Processing (RVP), Paired Associates Learning (PAL), Reaction Time (RTI), and Spatial Working Memory (SWM) tests from the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB®). Inclusion criteria were checked in a first session. The CANTAB and additional pencil-and-paper tests were administered within 1 week. The participants (aged 69-96 years) were 137 Portuguese adults without neuropsychiatric diagnoses and 37 adults with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease dementia...
February 28, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607664/diagnosing-the-periphery-using-the-rey-osterrieth-complex-figure-drawing-test-to-characterize-peripheral-visual-function
#13
Daniel R Coates, Johan Wagemans, Bilge Sayim
Peripheral vision is strongly limited by crowding, the deleterious influence of neighboring stimuli on target perception. Many quantitative aspects of this phenomenon have been characterized, but the specific nature of the perceptual degradation remains elusive. We utilized a drawing technique to probe the phenomenology of peripheral vision, using the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure, a standard neuropsychological clinical instrument. The figure was presented at 12° or 6° in the right visual field, with eye tracking to ensure that the figure was only presented when observers maintained stable fixation...
May 2017: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592136/relationship-of-depression-with-executive-functions-and-visuospatial-memory-in-elderly
#14
Monika Klojčnik, Voyko Kavcic, Karin Bakracevic Vukman
Cognitive deficits are a potential part of the clinical picture of depression, especially when it comes to late-life depression. The present study was carried out to establish whether distinctive cognitive deficiencies can be linked with depression in the late-life period, especially in executive functioning, working memory, and visuospatial memory. Our sample consisted of 71 seniors in the age range between 69 and 85 years. A battery of neurocognitive tests was used, including tests of executive functioning (Trail Making Test [TMT], part B, Stroop color word test, semantic word fluency test, and partially Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure test [ROCF]), tests of attention and working memory (TMT, part A and digit span), and test of visuospatil ability and memory (ROCF)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588303/critical-dynamics-of-endogenous-fluctuations-predict-cognitive-flexibility-in-the-go-nogo-task
#15
Jaana Simola, Alexander Zhigalov, Isabel Morales-Muñoz, J Matias Palva, Satu Palva
Fluctuations with power-law scaling and long-range temporal correlations (LRTCs) are characteristic to human psychophysical performance. Systems operating in a critical state exhibit such LRTCs, but phenomenologically similar fluctuations and LRTCs may also be caused by slow decay of the system's memory without the system being critical. Theoretically, criticality endows the system with the greatest representational capacity and flexibility in state transitions. Without criticality, however, slowly decaying system memory would predict inflexibility...
June 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576605/cognitive-impairment-is-associated-with-hoehn-and-yahr-stages-in-early-de-novo-parkinson-disease-patients
#16
Mattia Siciliano, Rosa De Micco, Luigi Trojano, Manuela De Stefano, Chiara Baiano, Carla Passaniti, Antonio De Mase, Antonio Russo, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Alessandro Tessitore
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between motor impairment and cognitive deterioration has long been described in Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of the study was to compare cognitive performance of de novo PD patients in relation to the motor impairment severity according to Hoehn and Yahr (HY) stages. METHODS: Forty de novo PD patients at HY stage I and 40 patients at HY stage II completed a standardized neuropsychological battery. A multivariate analysis of covariance was used to compare cognitive performance between HY groups...
August 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539952/executive-dysfunction-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-anterior-cingulate-based-resting-state-functional-connectivity
#17
Je-Yeon Yun, Joon Hwan Jang, Wi Hoon Jung, Na Young Shin, Sung Nyun Kim, Jae Yeon Hwang, Jun Soo Kwon
OBJECTIVE: Executive dysfunction might be an important determinant for response to pharmacotherapy in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and could be sustained independently of symptom relief. The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has been indicated as a potential neural correlate of executive functioning in OCD. The present study examined the brain-executive function relationships in OCD from the ACC-based resting state functional connectivity networks (rs-FCNs), which reflect information processing mechanisms during task performance...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477306/duration-and-frequency-of-migraines-affect-cognitive-function-evidence-from-neuropsychological-tests-and-event-related-potentials
#18
Lifang Huang, Hong Juan Dong, Xi Wang, Yan Wang, Zheman Xiao
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in the cognitive performance of migraine patients using a comprehensive series of cognitive/behavioral and electrophysiological tests. METHOD: A randomized, cross-sectional, within subject approach was used to compare neuropsychological and electrophysiological evaluations from migrane-affected and healthy subjects. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients with migraine (6 males, 28 females, average 36 years old) were included...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475942/distinct-cognitive-performance-and-patterns-of-drug-use-among-early-and-late-onset-cocaine-users
#19
Bruna Mayara Lopes, Priscila Dib Gonçalves, Mariella Ometto, Bernardo Dos Santos, Mikael Cavallet, Tiffany Moukbel Chaim-Avancini, Mauricio Henriques Serpa, Sergio Nicastri, André Malbergier, Geraldo F Busatto, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, Paulo Jannuzzi Cunha
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a crucial period for neurodevelopment, but few studies have investigated the impact of early cocaine use on cognitive performance and patterns of substance use. METHODS: We evaluated 103 cocaine dependent inpatients divided in two groups: early-onset users (EOG; n=52), late-onset users (LOG; n=51), and 63 healthy controls. Neuropsychological functioning was evaluated using Digits Forward (DF) and Backward (DB), Trail Making Test (TMT), Stroop Color Word Test (SCWT), Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT), Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Rey Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCFT), Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB), and Iowa Gambling Test (IGT)...
April 29, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399487/binge-eating-disorder-may-be-distinguished-by-visuospatial-memory-deficits
#20
Kalina T Eneva, Susan M Murray, Eunice Y Chen
OBJECTIVE: Binge eating disorder (BED), characterized by recurrent episodes of loss of control overeating, is highly comorbid with overweight and obesity. Both loss of control eating and higher body mass index have been associated with poor memory. The current study sought to clarify the relationships between BED, weight and memory. Specifically, visual memory was examined, given evidence of impaired visuospatial abilities in overweight individuals and little research on visual memory in BED...
August 2017: Eating Behaviors
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