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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116821/memory-and-linguistic-executive-functions-of-children-with-borderline-intellectual-functioning
#1
Andrea B Água Dias, Cristina P Albuquerque, Mário R Simões
Children with Borderline Intellectual Functioning (BIF) have received a minimal amount of research attention and have been studied in conjunction with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. The present study intends to broaden the knowledge of BIF, by analyzing domains such as verbal memory and visual memory, as well as tasks that rely simultaneously on memory, executive functions, and language. A cross-sectional, comparison study was carried out between a group of 40 children with BIF (mean age = 10...
November 8, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100951/distinct-cerebellar-regions-related-to-motor-and-cognitive-performance-in-sca6-patients
#2
Zubir Rentiya, Noore-Sabah Khan, Ezgi Ergun, Sarah H Ying, John E Desmond
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a correlation between anatomic regional changes in Spinocerebellar Ataxia type 6 (SCA6) patients and measures of cognitive performance on neuropsychological tests. METHODS: Neurocognitive testing was conducted on 24 SCA6 and 28 control subjects. For each cognitive test, SCA6 patients were compared against the controls using Student's t-test. For the cerebellar patients, using voxel based morphometry, correlations between cerebellar gray matter volume at each voxel and performance on the neuropsychological exams were calculated using the Pearson correlation coefficient implemented in SPM8...
October 31, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058552/executive-and-nonexecutive-demands-of-constructional-measures-within-a-children-s-psychiatric-inpatient-setting
#3
Jane Studeny, Elyssa Weber, Brian C Kavanaugh, Jennifer A Dupont-Frechette, Perrin P Tellock, Isolde D Maher, Lauren D Haisley, Kyle McCurdy, Karen A Holler
This study examined the role of executive functioning in constructional task performance (measured with the Rey Complex Figure Test-Copy Condition [RCFT] and Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration [Beery-VMI]) within a children's psychiatric inpatient setting. A chart review was conducted for 88 children (aged 6-12) who received a neuropsychological evaluation during a psychiatric inpatient hospitalization. Multiple regression analyses investigated the role of executive and nonexecutive demands on RCFT and Beery-VMI performance...
October 23, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031302/fast-quantitation-of-opioid-isomers-in-human-plasma-by-differential-mobility-spectrometry-mass-spectrometry-via-spme-open-port-probe-sampling-interface
#4
Chang Liu, Germán Augusto Gómez-Ríos, Bradley B Schneider, J C Yves Le Blanc, Nathaly Reyes-Garcés, Don W Arnold, Thomas R Covey, Janusz Pawliszyn
Mass spectrometry (MS) based quantitative approaches typically require a thorough sample clean-up and a decent chromatographic step in order to achieve needed figures of merit. However, in most cases, such processes are not optimal for urgent assessments and high-throughput determinations. The direct coupling of solid phase microextraction (SPME) to MS has shown great potential to shorten the total sample analysis time of complex matrices, as well as to diminish potential matrix effects and instrument contamination...
October 23, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031167/impaired-central-coherence-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#5
Sayo Hamatani, Masahito Tomotake, Tomoya Takeda, Naomi Kameoka, Masashi Kawabata, Hiroko Kubo, Masashi Ohta, Yukio Tada, Yukiko Tomioka, Shinya Watanabe, Masatoshi Inoshita, Makoto Kinoshita, Tetsuro Ohmori
The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of central coherence in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). 22 female patients with AN (median age = 31.50 (QD = 8.13) years) and 33 female healthy controls (HC) (median age = 28.00 (QD = 8.50) years) participated in the study. Their central coherence was assessed with the Rey Complex Figure Task (RCFT). Clinical symptoms were evaluated with the Beck Depression Inventory-II and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Form JYZ. The results showed that AN patients' Central Coherence Index and accuracy scores in copy, 3-min delayed recall and 30-min delayed recall tasks of the RCFT were significantly lower than those of HC...
September 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979230/visual-constructional-ability-in-individuals-with-severe-obesity-rey-complex-figure-test-accuracy-and-the-q-score
#6
Hanna L Sargénius, Frederick W Bylsma, Stian Lydersen, Knut Hestad
The aims of this study were to investigate visual-construction and organizational strategy among individuals with severe obesity, as measured by the Rey Complex Figure Test (RCFT), and to examine the validity of the Q-score as a measure for the quality of performance on the RCFT. Ninety-six non-demented morbidly obese (MO) patients and 100 healthy controls (HC) completed the RCFT. Their performance was calculated by applying the standard scoring criteria. The quality of the copying process was evaluated per the directions of the Q-score scoring system...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951142/cognitive-deficit-in-patients-with-paranoid-schizophrenia-its-clinical-and-laboratory-correlates
#7
Mariia Dorofeikova, Nikolay Neznanov, Nataliia Petrova
The aim of this study was to search for correlates of cognitive impairment in patients with paranoid schizophrenia among clinical, demographic, anamnestic and biochemical markers (NSE, S100B protein, BDNF, hs-CRP). Patients with paranoid schizophrenia (n=125) were examined using the Brief Assessment of Cognitive Function in Schizophrenia, the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure task, and a number of clinical scales including the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. The majority of patients demonstrated cognitive impairment...
September 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923433/the-association-between-symptoms-of-autism-and-neuropsychological-performance-in-females-with-anorexia-nervosa
#8
Heather Westwood, William Mandy, Kate Tchanturia
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and performance on measures of set-shifting and central coherence in a sample of females with anorexia nervosa (AN). Ninety-nine females aged 12-47, recruited from inpatient and day patient eating disorder services, were assessed with the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, 2nd edition (ADOS-2), as well as the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, 2nd edition (WASI-II); Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST); Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCFT) and self-report questionnaires assessing eating disorder pathology, depression, cognitive rigidity and attention to detail...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892766/the-cognitive-profile-of-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1-%C3%A2-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Kees Okkersen, Melanie Buskes, Johannes Groenewoud, Roy P C Kessels, Hans Knoop, Baziel van Engelen, Joost Raaphorst
OBJECTIVE: To examine the cognitive profile of patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) on the basis of a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. METHODS: Embase, Medline and PsycInfo were searched for studies reporting ≥1 neuropsychological test in both DM1 patients and healthy controls. Search, data extraction and risk of bias analysis were independently performed by two authors to minimize error. Neuropsychological tests were categorized into 12 cognitive domains and effect sizes (Hedges' g) were calculated for each domain and for tests administered in ≥5 studies...
August 16, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885225/rey-osterrieth-complex-figure-copy-and-immediate-recall-3-minutes-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-populations
#10
J C Arango-Lasprilla, D Rivera, M M Erlt, J M Muñoz Mancilla, C E García-Guerrero, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, A Aguayo Arelis, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, M D Barrios Nevado, M Vélez-Coto, T P Yacelga Ponce, A Rigabert, C García de la Cadena, S Pohlenz Amador, E Vergara-Moragues, M Soto-Añari, A I Peñalver Guia, M Saracostti Schwartzman, R Ferrer-Cascales
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Rey- Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the ROCF as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The ROCF copy and immediate recall (3 minutes) scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 5, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873362/impact-of-hippocampal-subfield-histopathology-in-episodic-memory-impairment-in-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-and-hippocampal-sclerosis
#11
Sandra Mara Comper, Anaclara Prada Jardim, Jeana Torres Corso, Larissa Botelho Gaça, Maria Helena Silva Noffs, Carmen Lúcia Penteado Lancellotti, Esper Abrão Cavalheiro, Ricardo Silva Centeno, Elza Márcia Targas Yacubian
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to analyze preoperative visual and verbal episodic memories in a homogeneous series of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) and unilateral hippocampal sclerosis (HS) submitted to corticoamygdalohippocampectomy and its association with neuronal cell density of each hippocampal subfield. METHODS: The hippocampi of 72 right-handed patients were collected and prepared for histopathological examination. Hippocampal sclerosis patterns were determined, and neuronal cell density was calculated...
September 2, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869475/effect-of-attention-training-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-patients-with-subcortical-vascular-changes-the-rehatt-study
#12
Leonardo Pantoni, Anna Poggesi, Stefano Diciotti, Raffaella Valenti, Stefano Orsolini, Eleonora Della Rocca, Domenico Inzitari, Mario Mascalchi, Emilia Salvadori
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients with small vessel disease (SVD) are at high dementia risk. We tested the effects of cognitive rehabilitation in these patients using the Attention Process Training-II (APT-II) program in a single-blinded, randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Patients were randomized to APT-II or standard care and evaluated at baseline, 6, and 12 months with functional, quality of life, cognitive tests, and resting state functional MRI (rsfMRI)...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865717/measuring-learning-potential-in-people-with-schizophrenia-a-comparison-of-two-tasks
#13
Melisa V Rempfer, Joan M McDowd, Catana E Brown
Learning potential measures utilize dynamic assessment methods to capture performance changes following training on a cognitive task. Learning potential has been explored in schizophrenia research as a predictor of functional outcome and there have been calls for psychometric development in this area. Because the majority of learning potential studies have utilized the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), we extended this work using a novel measure, the Rey Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCFT). This study had the following aims: 1) to examine relationships among different learning potential indices for two dynamic assessment tasks, 2) to examine the association between WCST and ROCFT learning potential measures, and 3) to address concurrent validity with a performance-based measure of functioning (Test of Grocery Shopping Skills; TOGSS)...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844148/the-association-of-apolipoprotein-e-gene-polymorphism-with-cognitive-performance-in-nondemented-polish-adults-aged-55-to-75
#14
Małgorzata T Piskunowicz, Katarzyna Linkowska, Szymon Gołota, Tomasz Grzybowski, Kornelia Kędziora-Kornatowska, Alina Borkowska
The ε4 allele of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene is known as a risk factor for dementia. How APOE ε polymorphism affects cognitive performance in nondemented aging subjects remains less clear. In this study, the relationship between APOE status and cognitive performance across various cognitive domains in adults aged 55 to 75 years ( n = 74) without dementia was investigated. E4 carriers ( n = 11) performed worse versus noncarriers on forward Digit Span and delayed recall of the Rey-Osterrieth complex figure...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828217/a-pilot-study-on-the-effects-of-probiotic-supplementation-on-neuropsychological-performance-and-microrna-29a-c-levels-in-antiretroviral-treated-hiv-1-infected-patients
#15
Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Mariangela Fratino, Carla Selvaggi, Noemi Giustini, Sara Serafino, Ivan Schietroma, Giuseppe Corano Scheri, Paolo Pavone, Giulia Passavanti, Danilo Alunni Fegatelli, Ivano Mezzaroma, Guido Antonelli, Vincenzo Vullo, Carolina Scagnolari, Gabriella d'Ettorre
INTRODUCTION: The gut microbiota is involved in the regulation of cognition, mood, anxiety, and pain, and can impact cognitive functions by producing neuroactive substances or releasing bacterial by-products and metabolites. No information is available on the effects of a probiotic supplementation on brain function of HIV+ subjects. In light of the above considerations, we performed a pilot study in cART-treated HIV-1-positive patients with long-term virologic suppression. The aims were to analyze the effect of high-concentration multistrain probiotic supplementation (Vivomixx®; Visbiome®) on several neurocognitive abilities and to evaluate the safety of this supplementation...
August 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756237/distinct-resting-state-functional-connections-associated-with-episodic-and-visuospatial-memory-in-older-adults
#16
Sana Suri, Anya Topiwala, Nicola Filippini, Enikő Zsoldos, Abda Mahmood, Claire E Sexton, Archana Singh-Manoux, Mika Kivimäki, Clare E Mackay, Stephen Smith, Klaus P Ebmeier
Episodic and spatial memory are commonly impaired in ageing and Alzheimer's disease. Volumetric and task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies suggest a preferential involvement of the medial temporal lobe (MTL), particularly the hippocampus, in episodic and spatial memory processing. The present study examined how these two memory types were related in terms of their associated resting-state functional architecture. 3T multiband resting state fMRI scans from 497 participants (60-82 years old) of the cross-sectional Whitehall II Imaging sub-study were analysed using an unbiased, data-driven network-modelling technique (FSLNets)...
July 26, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726492/does-cognition-specific-computer-training-have-better-clinical-outcomes-than-non-specific-computer-training-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Ji-Hyuk Park, Jin-Hyuck Park
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate differences between non-specific computer training (NCT) and cognition-specific computer training (CCT). DESIGN: Randomized controlled experimental study. SETTING: Local community welfare center. SUBJECTS: A total of 78 subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) were randomly assigned to the NCT ( n = 39) or CCT group ( n = 39). INTERVENTION: The NCT group underwent NCT using Nintendo Wii for improving functional performance, while the CCT group underwent CCT using CoTras for improving function of the cognitive domain specifically...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661714/early-initiation-of-amphetamine-type-stimulants-ats-use-associated-with-lowered-cognitive-performance-among-individuals-with-co-occurring-opioid-and-ats-use-disorders-in-malaysia
#18
Weng-Tink Chooi, Norzarina Mohd Zaharim, Alethea Desrosiers, Imran Ahmad, Mohd Azhar Mohd Yasin, Sharifah Z Syed Jaapar, Richard S Schottenfeld, Balasingam K Vicknasingam, Marek C Chawarski
Amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) use is increasingly prevalent in Malaysia, including among individuals who also use opioids. We evaluated cognitive functioning profiles among individuals with co-occurring opioid and ATS dependence and their lifetime patterns of drug use. Participants (N = 50) enrolling in a clinical trial of buprenorphine/naloxone treatment with or without atomoxetine completed the Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test, Digit Span, Trail Making and Symbol Digit Substitution tasks...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632037/construct-and-concurrent-validity-of-the-cambridge-neuropsychological-automated-tests-in-portuguese-older-adults-without-neuropsychiatric-diagnoses-and-with-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia
#19
Marta Matos Gonçalves, Maria Salomé Pinho, Mário R Simões
We aimed to analyze the construct and concurrent validity of the Rapid Visual Information Processing (RVP), Paired Associates Learning (PAL), Reaction Time (RTI), and Spatial Working Memory (SWM) tests from the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB®). Inclusion criteria were checked in a first session. The CANTAB and additional pencil-and-paper tests were administered within 1 week. The participants (aged 69-96 years) were 137 Portuguese adults without neuropsychiatric diagnoses and 37 adults with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease dementia...
February 28, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607664/diagnosing-the-periphery-using-the-rey-osterrieth-complex-figure-drawing-test-to-characterize-peripheral-visual-function
#20
Daniel R Coates, Johan Wagemans, Bilge Sayim
Peripheral vision is strongly limited by crowding, the deleterious influence of neighboring stimuli on target perception. Many quantitative aspects of this phenomenon have been characterized, but the specific nature of the perceptual degradation remains elusive. We utilized a drawing technique to probe the phenomenology of peripheral vision, using the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure, a standard neuropsychological clinical instrument. The figure was presented at 12° or 6° in the right visual field, with eye tracking to ensure that the figure was only presented when observers maintained stable fixation...
May 2017: I-Perception
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