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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649712/sexual-abuse-but-not-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-is-associated-with-neurocognitive-deficits-in-south-african-traumatized-adolescents
#1
Sarah V Biedermann, Stefanie Meliss, Candice Simmons, Jani Nöthling, Sharain Suliman, Soraya Seedat
OBJECTIVES: Neurocognitive impairments are commonly observed in adults suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The picture is less clear in adolescents. Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) may have an independent influence on neuropsychological test performance and provide partial explanatory power of the inconsistent findings. We hypothesized that adolescents with PTSD who have also suffered sexual abuse would have most pronounced deficits on neurocognitive testing. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, 105 traumatized South African adolescents, of whom 52 fulfilled criteria of PTSD and 34 reported CSA, were studied...
April 9, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628892/the-effect-of-oxygen-enrichment-on-cardiorespiratory-and-neuropsychological-responses-in-workers-with-chronic-intermittent-exposure-to-high-altitude-alma-5-050-m
#2
Fernando A Moraga, Iván López, Alicia Morales, Daniel Soza, Jessica Noack
It is estimated that labor activity at high altitudes in Chile will increase from 60,000 to 120,000 workers by the year 2020. Oxygenation of spaces improves the quality of life for workers at high geographic altitudes (<5,000 m). The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a mobile oxygen module system on cardiorespiratory and neuropsychological performance in a population of workers from Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA, 5,050 m) radiotelescope in the Chajnantor Valley, Chile...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627704/bipolar-disorder-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-the-comorbidity-does-not-further-impair-the-neurocognitive-profile
#3
Renato de Filippis, Matteo Aloi, Antonella Bruni, Raffaele Gaetano, Cristina Segura-Garcia, Pasquale De Fazio
BACKGROUND: The comorbidity of bipolar disorder (BD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been widely described. Several studies have investigated the cognitive profiles of BD and OCD patients, but studies that compare BD, BD-OCD, and OCD patients in neuropsychological domains do not exist. The purpose of this study was to compare set-shifting, decision making, and central coherence among BD, BD-OCD, and OCD patients. METHODS: A battery of neuropsychological tests was administered to 68 patients (22 BD, 26 BD-OCD, 20 OCD)...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621938/does-strategy-instruction-on-the-rey-osterrieth-complex-figure-task-lead-to-transferred-performance-improvement-on-the-modified-taylor-complex-figure-task-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-school-aged-children
#4
Christine Resch, Esther Keulers, Rosa Martens, Caroline van Heugten, Petra Hurks
OBJECTIVE: Providing children with organizational strategy instruction on the Rey Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) has previously been found to improve organizational and accuracy performance on this task. It is unknown whether strategy instruction on the ROCF would also transfer to performance improvement on copying and the recall of another complex figure. METHODS: Participants were 98 typically developing children (aged 9.5-12.6 years, M = 10.6). Children completed the ROCF (copy and recall) as a pretest...
April 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615940/impact-of-cognitive-remediation-therapy-on-neurocognitive-processing-in-anorexia-nervosa
#5
Jenni Leppanen, James Adamson, Kate Tchanturia
Background: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is characterized by severe malnutrition as well as inefficiencies in neurocognitive functioning, which are believed to contribute to the maintenance of disordered eating. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of individual cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) on neurocognition in AN. Methods: A total of 145 adult women from an eating disorders inpatient program took part in the present study. All participants were given individual CRT in addition to treatment as usual...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609083/constructional-apraxia-in-elderly-patients-with-brain-tumors-considerations-with-an-up-to-date-review-of-the-literature
#6
Giorgia Abete Fornara, Andrea Di Cristofori, Giulio Andrea Bertani, Giorgio Carrabba, Barbara Zarino
BACKGROUND: Constructional apraxia (CA) is a neuropsychological impairment of either basic perceptual and motor abilities, or executive functions, in absence of any kind of motor or perceptual deficit. Considering patients with focal brain tumors, CA is common in left or right parietal and parieto-occipital lesions. In neuropsychology, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure test (ROCF) (or parallel forms) is commonly used for the assessment of CA. This study stems from a clinical observation of a difficulty with CA tests for the majority of neurosurgical elderly patients without occipito-parietal lesions...
March 30, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590727/nonverbal-memory-capacity-in-persons-with-epilepsy-is-associated-with-depression-rather-than-anxiety
#7
Krunoslav Matešić, Meri Tadinac, Hrvoje Hećimović
Epilepsy is characterized by repeated epileptic seizures, which are manifested in various ways and depend on the location and size of foci in the brain. Long-term seizures with secondary generalization can cause memory problems. Numerous studies demonstrate the connection of memory damage and lateralization in medial temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). However, the results were not always consistent with the material-specific memory model. A possible explanation for these inconsistent data is the insufficient control of psychological variables that can affect memory...
December 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550982/the-role-of-the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca-and-its-memory-tasks-for-detecting-mild-cognitive-impairment
#8
Xudong Li, Shuhong Jia, Zhi Zhou, Yi Jin, Xiangfei Zhang, Chunlei Hou, Wenjing Zheng, Pei Rong, Jinsong Jiao
To investigate the role of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) (Beijing version) and its memory tasks on detecting different mild cognitive impairment (MCI) subtypes including amnestic MCI (aMCI) and nonamnestic MCI (naMCI) in memory clinics. A total of 121 patients with MCI and 53 healthy controls were included. Fifty-six aMCI-multiple domains (amMCI), 32 aMCI-single domain (asMCI), and 33 naMCI patients were diagnosed according to extensive cognitive tests. All participants were administered by the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the MoCA...
March 17, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550717/lesion-accumulation-is-predictive-of-long-term-cognitive-decline-in-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Russell Ouellette, Åsa Bergendal, Sara Shams, Juha Martola, Caterina Mainero, Maria Kristoffersen Wiberg, Sten Fredrikson, Tobias Granberg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term progression of cognitive dysfunction and its neuroanatomical correlates and predictors in multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: A cohort of 37 MS patients reflecting five decades of disease duration and all subtypes was followed over 17.5 years. Matched controls were recruited at the last follow-up. Global cognitive functioning was assessed using a principal component cognitive index based on comprehensive neuropsychological testing...
March 6, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478222/growing-older-with-drug-resistant-epilepsy-cognitive-and-psychosocial-outcomes
#10
Rani A Sarkis, Scott McGinnis, Sara N Rushia, Suna Park, Emile E Ansari, Kim C Willment
We aimed to investigate the cognitive and psychosocial outcomes of patients older than 50 with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy as compared to a younger cohort. One hundred and thirty-one patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (47% age ≥ 50) who underwent comprehensive neuropsychological testing were retrospectively identified. A comparison of percentage of Z scores < - 1.5 between the older and younger cohort on Trail Making Tests A and B, Boston Naming Test, Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) delayed recall, and Rey-Osterrieth complex figure test delayed recall was performed as well as the presence of disability due to epilepsy and depression scores...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477422/visuospatial-working-memory-assessment-using-a-digital-tablet-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Gi Jung Hyun, Jin Wan Park, Jin Hee Kim, Kyoung Joon Min, Young Sik Lee, Sun Mi Kim, Doug Hyun Han
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder hypothesized to involve impaired visuospatial working memory (VSWM). However, there are few studies utilizing neuropsychological tests to measure VSWM in ADHD adolescents. The Rey-Osterrieth complex figure test (ROCF) is commonly used as a neuropsychological test to assess visuospatial working memory for individuals with ADHD. We assessed working memory using the ROCF test on a digital Galaxy tablet with the technically new Gaussian filter method...
April 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469795/eritema-anular-eosinof%C3%A3-lico-en-un-adulto-eosinophilic-anular-erythema-in-an-adult
#12
Marta Aguado Lobo, Elena Sierra Gonzalo, José Jiménez-Reyes
Eosinophilic annular erythema (EAE) is an uncommon eosinophilic dermatosis. Clinically it is characterized by recurrent episodes of annular or figurative plaques. The histopathological study shows a perivascular inflammatory infiltrate in the superficial and deep dermis, composed of lymphocytes and eosinophils. It was originally described in children. We report an adult woman who presented with recurrent erythematous annular plaques on the trunk and extremities. A biopsy showed a mainly perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate with numerous eosinophils in the dermis...
October 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462997/effect-of-a-fibroin-enzymatic-hydrolysate-on-memory-improvement-a-placebo-controlled-double-blind-study
#13
Yong Koo Kang, Boo Yong Lee, Luke R Bucci, Sidney J Stohs
The consumption of a specifically prepared silk fibroin protein enzymatic hydrolysate (FPEH) has been reported to improve cognitive function in healthy humans. The objective of the current study is to evaluate the dose-dependent effects of the FPEH on memory. Healthy adults with an average age of approximately 55 years were administered doses of 0, 280, 400 and 600 mg of FPEH per day in two divided doses for 3 weeks. The Rey-Kim Auditory Verbal Learning Test and the Rey-Kim Complex Figure Test of the Rey-Kim Memory Test were used to evaluate memory at baseline and after 3 weeks...
February 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454573/revisiting-donor-risk-over-two-decades-of-single-center-experience-more-attention-on-the-impact-of-overweight
#14
Cheng-Maw Ho, Yu-Min Huang, Rey-Heng Hu, Yao-Ming Wu, Ming-Chih Ho, Po-Huang Lee
OBJECTIVE: Morbidity rates after living donor hepatectomy vary greatly among centers. Donor morbidity in a tertiary center over the past two decades was revisited. METHODS: Clinical data and grading of complications were reviewed by a nontransplant surgeon based on Clavien 5 tier grading. Risk factors were analyzed. RESULTS: In total, 473 consecutive living liver donors from 1997 to 2016 were included for analysis; 305 were right liver donors and 168 left liver donors, and the corresponding morbidity rates were 27...
February 14, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420698/qualitative-evaluation-of-the-immediate-copy-of-the-rey-osterrieth-complex-figure-comparison-between-vascular-and-degenerative-mci-patients
#15
Emilia Salvadori, Francesca Dieci, Paolo Caffarra, Leonardo Pantoni
Objective: The immediate copy of the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) is considered a visuo-spatial test. However, reproducing this complex structure possibly involves also executive functions, such as planning and organizational strategies. In a previous study, we found a high rate of impaired performances in this test in a sample of subcortical vascular mild cognitive impairment patients. Executive functions contribution in the immediate copy of the ROCF can be assessed with the Boston Qualitative Scoring System (BQSS)...
February 6, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409155/using-virtual-reality-to-distinguish-subjects-with-multiple-but-not-single-domain-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-from-normal-elderly-subjects
#16
Alireza Mohammadi, Mahmoud Kargar, Ehsan Hesami
AIM: Spatial disorientation is a hallmark of amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and Alzheimer's disease. Our aim was to use virtual reality to determine the allocentric and egocentric memory deficits of subjects with single-domain aMCI (aMCIsd) and multiple-domain aMCI (aMCImd). For this purpose, we introduced an advanced virtual reality navigation task (VRNT) to distinguish these deficits in mild Alzheimer's disease (miAD), aMCIsd, and aMCImd. METHODS: The VRNT performance of 110 subjects, including 20 with miAD, 30 with pure aMCIsd, 30 with pure aMCImd, and 30 cognitively normal controls was compared...
February 6, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398588/preliminary-report-surgical-outcomes-following-genitoplasty-in-children-with-moderate-to-severe-genital-atypia
#17
K J Bernabé, N J Nokoff, D Galan, D Felsen, C E Aston, P Austin, L Baskin, Y-M Chan, E Y Cheng, D A Diamond, R Ellens, A Fried, S Greenfield, T Kolon, B Kropp, Y Lakshmanan, S Meyer, T Meyer, A M Delozier, L L Mullins, B Palmer, A Paradis, P Reddy, K J Scott Reyes, M Schulte, J M Swartz, E Yerkes, C Wolfe-Christensen, A B Wisniewski, D P Poppas
INTRODUCTION: Prior studies of outcomes following genitoplasty have reported high rates of surgical complications among children with atypical genitalia. Few studies have prospectively assessed outcomes after contemporary surgical approaches. OBJECTIVE: The current study reported the occurrence of early postoperative complications and of cosmetic outcomes (as rated by surgeons and parents) at 12 months following contemporary genitoplasty procedures in children born with atypical genitalia...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248614/significant-association-between-catechol-o-methyltransferase-comt-val-158-108-met-polymorphism-and-cognitive-function-in-veterans-with-ptsd
#18
Ana Havelka Mestrovic, Lucija Tudor, Matea Nikolac Perkovic, Gordana Nedic Erjavec, Zrnka Kovacic Petrovic, Dubravka Svob Strac, Marcela Konjevod, Nela Pivac
Core features of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are cognitive disturbances. Enzyme catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) degrades dopamine primarily in prefrontal cortex. Its functional polymorphism, COMT Val158/108 Met, affects COMT activity and dopamine availability and is associated with disturbances in cognition. The hypothesis was that PTSD subjects will have worse working memory than healthy controls and that the carriers of the COMT Met allele will show better cognitive performance compared to Val/Val carriers in PTSD and controls subjects...
February 14, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237555/real-world-navigation-in-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-the-relation-to-visuospatial-memory-and-volume-of-hippocampal-subregions
#19
Jessica Peter, Richard Sandkamp, Lora Minkova, Lena V Schumacher, Christoph P Kaller, Ahmed Abdulkadir, Stefan Klöppel
Spatial disorientation is a frequent symptom in Alzheimer's disease and in mild cognitive impairment (MCI). In the clinical routine, spatial orientation is less often tested with real-world navigation but rather with 2D visuoconstructive tasks. However, reports about the association between the two types of tasks are sparse. Additionally, spatial disorientation has been linked to volume of the right hippocampus but it remains unclear whether right hippocampal subregions have differential involvement in real-world navigation...
January 31, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213506/symptoms-of-depression-in-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Ana Lara Soares Blum Malak, Luiz Felipe Vasconcellos, João Santos Pereira, Denise Vieira Greca, Manuela Cruz, Heloisa Veiga Dias Alves, Mariana Sptiz, Helenice Charchat-Fichman
Objective: To investigate the most frequent depressive symptoms and their association with cognition in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: 48 patients with PD and 44 controls (CG), aged between 50 and 80 years and with at least 4 years of formal education, all with MCI and none diagnosed with depression, were assessed. Patients and controls were matched for age, education, and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score...
April 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
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