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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217881/is-overestimation-of-body-size-associated-with-neuropsychological-weaknesses-in-anorexia-nervosa
#1
Maria Øverås, Hilde Kapstad, Cathrine Brunborg, Nils Inge Landrø, Øyvind Rø
BACKGROUND: Recent research indicates some evidence of neuropsychological weaknesses in visuospatial memory, central coherence and set-shifting in adults with anorexia nervosa (AN). The growing interest in neuropsychological functioning of patients with AN is based upon the assumption that neuropsychological weaknesses contribute to the clinical features of the illness. However, due to a paucity of research on the connection between neuropsychological difficulties and the clinical features of AN, this link remains hypothetical...
March 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139144/embedded-performance-validity-testing-in-neuropsychological-assessment-potential-clinical-tools
#2
Tyler A Rickards, Christopher C Cranston, Pegah Touradji, Kathleen T Bechtold
The article aims to suggest clinically-useful tools in neuropsychological assessment for efficient use of embedded measures of performance validity. To accomplish this, we integrated available validity-related and statistical research from the literature, consensus statements, and survey-based data from practicing neuropsychologists. We provide recommendations for use of 1) Cutoffs for embedded performance validity tests including Reliable Digit Span, California Verbal Learning Test (Second Edition) Forced Choice Recognition, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test Combination Score, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test Failure to Maintain Set, and the Finger Tapping Test; 2) Selecting number of performance validity measures to administer in an assessment; and 3) Hypothetical clinical decision-making models for use of performance validity testing in a neuropsychological assessment collectively considering behavior, patient reporting, and data indicating invalid or noncredible performance...
January 31, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129494/neuropsychological-test-performance-to-enhance-identification-of-subjects-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-and-to-be-most-promising-for-predictive-algorithms-for-conversion-to-psychosis-a-meta-analysis
#3
Marta Hauser, Jian-Ping Zhang, Eva M Sheridan, Katherine E Burdick, Rachel Mogil, John M Kane, Andrea Auther, Ricardo E Carrión, Barbara A Cornblatt, Christoph U Correll
OBJECTIVE: To compare neuropsychological performance in people at clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR), healthy controls (HCs), or subjects with first-episode psychosis (FEP). DATA SOURCES: Systematic PubMed/MEDLINE search through January 2014, without language restrictions, using search terms prodrome OR clinical high-risk OR ultra-high risk AND cognition OR individual test names. STUDY SELECTION: Studies reporting neuropsychological data in CHR versus a HC or FEP groups or comparing CHR subjects who converted to psychosis (CHR-P) with CHR subjects who did not convert to psychosis (CHR-NP)...
2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108493/fine-motor-skill-mediates-visual-memory-ability-with-microstructural-neuro-correlates-in-cerebellar-peduncles-in-prematurely-born-adolescents
#4
Alyssa R Thomas, Cheryl Lacadie, Betty Vohr, Laura R Ment, Dustin Scheinost
Adolescents born preterm (PT) with no evidence of neonatal brain injury are at risk of deficits in visual memory and fine motor skills that diminish academic performance. The association between these deficits and white matter microstructure is relatively unexplored. We studied 190 PTs with no brain injury and 92 term controls at age 16 years. The Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCF), the Beery visual-motor integration (VMI), and the Grooved Pegboard Test (GPT) were collected for all participants, while a subset (40 PTs and 40 terms) underwent diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging...
January 19, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097835/cognitive-profiles-of-patients-with-early-detected-and-treated-congenital-hypothyroidism
#5
María L Pardo Campos, Mariel Musso, Ana Keselman, Laura Gruñeiro, Ignacio Bergadá, Ana Chiesa
INTRODUCTION: Children with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) detected by newborn screening and adequately treated may have mild cognitive deficits. OBJECTIVES">To assess the intelligence quotient of children with CH and identify the presence of specific cognitive deficits. POPULATION AND METHODS: A group of 60 children with CH detected by newborn screening, who were aged 9-10 years old and received adequate treatment since their first month of life was selected and compared to a control group of 60 children without CH in the same age range...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041823/changes-in-levels-of-parental-distress-after-their-child-with-atypical-genitalia-undergoes-genitoplasty
#6
Cortney Wolfe-Christensen, Amy B Wisniewski, Alexandria J Mullins, Kristy J Reyes, Paul Austin, Laurence Baskin, Kerlly Bernabé, Earl Cheng, Allyson Fried, Dominic Frimberger, Denise Galan, Lynette Gonzalez, Saul Greenfield, Thomas Kolon, Bradley Kropp, Yegappan Lakshmanan, Sabrina Meyer, Theresa Meyer, Natalie J Nokoff, Blake Palmer, Dix Poppas, Alethea Paradis, Elizabeth Yerkes, Larry L Mullins
BACKGROUND: The birth of a child with a disorder of sex development (DSD) and atypical genitalia can be traumatizing and isolating for families. Parents of children with DSD are at risk for increased levels of psychological distress, including depression, anxiety, illness uncertainty (IU), post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), and impairments in quality of life (QOL). Our previous report indicated that although the majority of parents of children with atypical genitalia were coping well prior to the child's genitoplasty, approximately 25% of them reported experiencing some type of psychological distress...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035922/a-preliminary-study-on-the-feasibility-of%C3%A2-using-a-virtual-reality-cognitive-training-application-for-remote-detection-of-mild-cognitive-impairment
#7
Stelios Zygouris, Konstantinos Ntovas, Dimitrios Giakoumis, Konstantinos Votis, Stefanos Doumpoulakis, Sofia Segkouli, Charalampos Karagiannidis, Dimitrios Tzovaras, Magda Tsolaki
BACKGROUND: It has been demonstrated that virtual reality (VR) applications can be used for the detection of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to provide a preliminary investigation on whether a VR cognitive training application can be used to detect MCI in persons using the application at home without the help of an examiner. METHODS: Two groups, one of healthy older adults (n = 6) and one of MCI patients (n = 6) were recruited from Thessaloniki day centers for cognitive disorders and provided with a tablet PC with custom software enabling the self-administration of the Virtual Super Market (VSM) cognitive training exercise...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031078/autism-spectrum-traits-and-visual-processing-in-young-adults-with-very-low-birth-weight-the-helsinki-study-of-very-low-birth-weight-adults
#8
E Wolford, A-K Pesonen, K Heinonen, M Lahti, R Pyhälä, J Lahti, P Hovi, S Strang-Karlsson, J G Eriksson, S Andersson, A-L Järvenpää, E Kajantie, K Räikkönen
Visual processing problems may be one underlying factor for cognitive impairments related to autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). We examined associations between ASD-traits (Autism-Spectrum Quotient) and visual processing performance (Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test; Block Design task of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III) in young adults (mean age=25.0, s.d.=2.1 years) born preterm at very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g) (n=101) or at term (n=104). A higher level of ASD-traits was associated with slower global visual processing speed among the preterm VLBW, but not among the term-born group (P<0...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992768/memory-performance-of-patients-with-major-depression-in-an-everyday-life-situation
#9
Thomas Beblo, Leona Kater, Sharon Baetge, Martin Driessen, Martina Piefke
Although patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) report severe memory impairment in their everyday life, memory tests indicate only moderate deficits. In order to clarify these conflicting observations, the present study aimed at the investigation of MDD patients' memory performance in a real everyday life situation. The study included 20 MDD patients and 20 healthy control subjects. Nonverbal memory was assessed by means of the Rey Complex Figure Test whereas verbal memory was assessed by the recall of a 20-item wordlist with supermarket products...
December 11, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973723/influence-of-cognitive-function-on-quality-of-life-in-anorexia-nervosa-patients
#10
Sayo Hamatani, Masahito Tomotake, Tomoya Takeda, Naomi Kameoka, Masashi Kawabata, Hiroko Kubo, Yukio Tada, Yukiko Tomioka, Shinya Watanabe, Masatoshi Inoshita, Makoto Kinoshita, Masashi Ohta, Tetsuro Ohmori
AIM: The purpose of this study was to elucidate determinants of quality of life (QOL) in anorexia nervosa (AN) patients. METHODS: Twenty-one female patients with AN participated in the study. QOL was assessed with the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and cognitive function was evaluated using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test Keio version, the Rey Complex Figure Test, and the Social Cognition Screening Questionnaire. Clinical symptoms were evaluated with the Beck Depression Inventory-II, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Form JYZ (STAI-JYZ), and the Maudsley Obsessive Compulsive Inventory...
December 14, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959745/driving-after-concussion-is-it-safe-to-drive-after-symptoms-resolve
#11
Julianne D Schmidt, Nicole L Hoffman, Maud Ranchet, L Stephen Miller, Phillip D Tomporowski, Abiodun E Akinwuntan, Hannes Devos
Post-concussion impairments may result in unsafe driving performance, but little research is available to guide consensus on when concussed individuals should return to driving. The purpose of this study was to compare driving performance between individuals with and without a concussion and to explore relationships between neuropsychological and driving performance. Fourteen participants with concussion (age 20.2 ± 0.9 years old) and 14 non-concussed age- and driving experience-matched controls (age 20...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951740/cultural-influence-on-directional-tendencies-in-children-s-drawing
#12
Marine Portex, Jean-Noël Foulin, Bertrand Troadec
The present study was aimed at investigating how print experience as a cultural factor influences directional tendencies in children's drawing in the interplay with biomechanical (hand), syntactic (shape orientation) and semantic (shape meaning) factors. Eighty-eight right-handed children from three literacy/age groups (preliterate, first graders and third graders) had to copy a geometrical shape adapted from the Rey-Osterrieth complex figure. The shape was presented alternatively leftward and rightward, while using both dominant (right) and non-dominant (left) hands...
December 12, 2016: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951511/prefronto-cerebellar-tdcs-enhances-neurocognition-in-euthymic-bipolar-patients-findings-from-a-placebo-controlled-neuropsychological-and-psychophysiological-investigation
#13
Francesco Saverio Bersani, Amedeo Minichino, Laura Bernabei, Francesco Spagnoli, Alessandra Corrado, Lucilla Vergnani, Daniela Mannarelli, Caterina Pauletti, Francesco Fattapposta, Massimo Biondi, Roberto Delle Chiaie
OBJECTIVES: The present double blind placebo-controlled study aimed at investigating the efficacy of 3-weeks prefronto-cerebellar transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on neurocognitive functioning in euthymic BD patients. METHODS: Forty-two outpatients with BD were randomly assigned to receive either active (n=21) or sham (n=21) prefronto-cerebellar tDCS for 3 consecutive weeks. Neurocognitive abilities were assessed with both neuropsychological testing and psychophysiological evaluation with a P300 novelty task...
February 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893017/evaluation-of-cognitive-deficits-and-structural-hippocampal-damage-in-encephalitis-with-leucine-rich-glioma-inactivated-1-antibodies
#14
Carsten Finke, Harald Prüss, Josephine Heine, Sigrid Reuter, Ute A Kopp, Florian Wegner, Florian Then Bergh, Sebastian Koch, Olav Jansen, Thomas Münte, Günther Deuschl, Klemens Ruprecht, Winfried Stöcker, Klaus-Peter Wandinger, Friedemann Paul, Thorsten Bartsch
Importance: Limbic encephalitis with leucine-rich, glioma-inactivated 1 (LGI1) antibodies is one of the most frequent variants of autoimmune encephalitis with antibodies targeting neuronal surface antigens. However, the neuroimaging pattern and long-term cognitive outcome are not well understood. Objective: To study cognitive outcome and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) alterations in patients with anti-LGI1 encephalitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Departments of Neurology at Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin and University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany...
January 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890303/cognitive-effects-of-creatine-monohydrate-adjunctive-therapy-in-patients-with-bipolar-depression-results-from-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#15
REVIEW
Ricardo Alexandre Toniolo, Francy de Brito Ferreira Fernandes, Michelle Silva, Rodrigo da Silva Dias, Beny Lafer
BACKGROUND: Depressive episodes and cognitive impairment are major causes of morbidity and dysfunction in individuals suffering from bipolar disorder (BD). Novel treatment approaches that target clinical and cognitive aspects of bipolar depression are needed, and research on pathophysiology suggests that mitochondrial modulators such as the nutraceutical creatine monohydrate might have a therapeutic role for this condition. METHODS: Eighteen (N=18) patients with bipolar depression according to DSM-IV criteria who were enrollled in a 6-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of creatine monohydrate 6g daily as adjunctive therapy were submitted to neuropsychological assessments (Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Digit Span subtest of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition, Stroop Color-Word Test, Rey-Osterrieth complex figure test, FAS Verbal Fluency Test) at baseline and week 6...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887913/prospective-assessment-of-cosmesis-before-and-after-genital-surgery
#16
N J Nokoff, B Palmer, A J Mullins, C E Aston, P Austin, L Baskin, K Bernabé, Y-M Chan, E Y Cheng, D A Diamond, A Fried, D Frimberger, D Galan, L Gonzalez, S Greenfield, T Kolon, B Kropp, Y Lakshmanan, S Meyer, T Meyer, L L Mullins, A Paradis, D Poppas, P Reddy, M Schulte, K J Scott Reyes, J M Swartz, C Wolfe-Christensen, E Yerkes, A B Wisniewski
INTRODUCTION: Little data exist about the surgical interventions taking place for children with disorders of sex development (DSD). Most studies that have evaluated cosmetic outcomes after genitoplasty have included retrospective ratings by a physician at a single center. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to: 1) describe frequency of sex assignment, and types of surgery performed in a cohort of patients with moderate-to-severe genital ambiguity; and 2) prospectively determine cosmesis ratings by parents and surgeons before and after genital surgery...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834087/accrual-to-cancer-clinical-trial
#17
C Kelly, M Smith, S Flynn, A Reyes, M Higgins, J McCaffrey, C Kelly
Accrual to cancer clinical trials (CCT) is imperative to safeguard continued improvement in cancer outcomes. A retrospective chart review was performed of patients (n=140) starting a new anti-cancer agent in a north Dublin cancer centre. This review was performed over a four-month period, beginning in November 2015. Only 29% (n=41) had a CCT option. The overall accrual rate to CCT was 5% (n=7), which is comparable to internationally reported figures. The main reasons for failure to recruit to CCT included the lack of a CCT option for cancer type (n=30, 23%), stage (n=25, 19%), and line of treatment (n=23, 17%)...
August 8, 2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831757/developing-a-virtual-reality-based-vocational-rehabilitation-training-program-for-patients-with-schizophrenia
#18
Bo Kyung Sohn, Jae Yeon Hwang, Su Mi Park, Jung-Seok Choi, Jun-Young Lee, Ji Yeuon Lee, Hee-Yeon Jung
Maintaining employment is difficult for patients with schizophrenia because of deterioration of psychosocial and cognitive functions. Such patients usually require vocational rehabilitation training, which is both demanding and costly. In this study, we developed a virtual reality-based vocational rehabilitation training program (VR-VRTP) for such patients and evaluated its feasibility as an alternative to traditional rehabilitation programs. We developed the VR-VRTP to include various situations commonly encountered in two types of occupations: convenience store employee and supermarket clerk...
November 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806073/central-coherence-in-eating-disorders-a-synthesis-of-studies-using-the-rey-osterrieth-complex-figure-test
#19
Katie Lang, Marion Roberts, Amy Harrison, Carolina Lopez, Elizabeth Goddard, Mizan Khondoker, Janet Treasure, Kate Tchanturia
BACKGROUND: Large variability in tests and differences in scoring systems used to study central coherence in eating disorders may lead to different interpretations, inconsistent findings and between study discrepancies. This study aimed to address inconsistencies by collating data from several studies from the same research group that used the Rey Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (Rey Figure) in order to produce norms to provide benchmark data for future studies. METHOD: Data was collated from 984 participants in total...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776264/memory-related-white-matter-tract-integrity-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-an-advanced-neuroimaging-and-neuropsychological-study
#20
Foteini Christidi, Efstratios Karavasilis, Ioannis Zalonis, Panagiotis Ferentinos, Zoi Giavri, Elisabeth A Wilde, Sophia Xirou, Michalis Rentzos, Vasiliki Zouvelou, George Velonakis, Panagiotis Toulas, Efstathios Efstathopoulos, Loukia Poulou, Georgios Argyropoulos, Athanasios Athanasakos, Thomas Zambelis, Harvey S Levin, Nikolaos Karandreas, Nikolaos Kelekis, Ioannis Evdokimidis
We aimed to investigate structural changes in vivo in memory-related white matter tracts (i.e., perforant pathway zone [PPZ]; uncinate fasciculus [UF]; fornix) using diffusion tensor tractography and evaluate possible associations with memory performance in nondemented patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Forty-two ALS patients and 25 healthy controls (HCs) underwent a 30-directional diffusion-weighted imaging on a 3T MR scanner, followed by tractography of PPZ, UF, and fornix and analysis of fractional anisotropy (FA), axial diffusivity and radial diffusivity (Dr)...
January 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
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