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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539952/executive-dysfunction-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-anterior-cingulate-based-resting-state-functional-connectivity
#1
Je-Yeon Yun, Joon Hwan Jang, Wi Hoon Jung, Na Young Shin, Sung Nyun Kim, Jae Yeon Hwang, Jun Soo Kwon
OBJECTIVE: Executive dysfunction might be an important determinant for response to pharmacotherapy in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and could be sustained independently of symptom relief. The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has been indicated as a potential neural correlate of executive functioning in OCD. The present study examined the brain-executive function relationships in OCD from the ACC-based resting state functional connectivity networks (rs-FCNs), which reflect information processing mechanisms during task performance...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477306/duration-and-frequency-of-migraines-affect-cognitive-function-evidence-from-neuropsychological-tests-and-event-related-potentials
#2
Lifang Huang, Hong Juan Dong, Xi Wang, Yan Wang, Zheman Xiao
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in the cognitive performance of migraine patients using a comprehensive series of cognitive/behavioral and electrophysiological tests. METHOD: A randomized, cross-sectional, within subject approach was used to compare neuropsychological and electrophysiological evaluations from migrane-affected and healthy subjects. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients with migraine (6 males, 28 females, average 36 years old) were included...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475942/distinct-cognitive-performance-and-patterns-of-drug-use-among-early-and-late-onset-cocaine-users
#3
Bruna Mayara Lopes, Priscila Dib Gonçalves, Mariella Ometto, Bernardo Dos Santos, Mikael Cavallet, Tiffany Moukbel Chaim-Avancini, Mauricio Henriques Serpa, Sergio Nicastri, André Malbergier, Geraldo F Busatto, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, Paulo Jannuzzi Cunha
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a crucial period for neurodevelopment, but few studies have investigated the impact of early cocaine use on cognitive performance and patterns of substance use. METHODS: We evaluated 103 cocaine dependent inpatients divided in two groups: early-onset users (EOG; n=52), late-onset users (LOG; n=51), and 63 healthy controls. Neuropsychological functioning was evaluated using Digits Forward (DF) and Backward (DB), Trail Making Test (TMT), Stroop Color Word Test (SCWT), Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT), Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Rey Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCFT), Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB), and Iowa Gambling Test (IGT)...
April 29, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409050/correlation-of-mri-visual-scales-with-neuropsychological-profile-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-of-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Luiz Felipe Vasconcellos, João Santos Pereira, Marcelo Adachi, Denise Greca, Manuela Cruz, Ana Lara Malak, Helenice Charchat-Fichman, Mariana Spitz
Few studies have evaluated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) visual scales in Parkinson's disease-Mild Cognitive Impairment (PD-MCI). We selected 79 PD patients and 92 controls (CO) to perform neurologic and neuropsychological evaluation. Brain MRI was performed to evaluate the following scales: Global Cortical Atrophy (GCA), Fazekas, and medial temporal atrophy (MTA). The analysis revealed that both PD groups (amnestic and nonamnestic) showed worse performance on several tests when compared to CO. Memory, executive function, and attention impairment were more severe in amnestic PD-MCI group...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399487/binge-eating-disorder-may-be-distinguished-by-visuospatial-memory-deficits
#5
Kalina T Eneva, Susan M Murray, Eunice Y Chen
OBJECTIVE: Binge eating disorder (BED), characterized by recurrent episodes of loss of control overeating, is highly comorbid with overweight and obesity. Both loss of control eating and higher body mass index have been associated with poor memory. The current study sought to clarify the relationships between BED, weight and memory. Specifically, visual memory was examined, given evidence of impaired visuospatial abilities in overweight individuals and little research on visual memory in BED...
April 4, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298013/does-subjective-improvement-in-adults-with-intracranial-arachnoid-cysts-justify-surgical-treatment
#6
Katrin Rabiei, Per Hellström, Mats Högfeldt-Johansson, Magnus Tisell
OBJECTIVE Subjective improvement of patients who have undergone surgery for intracranial arachnoid cysts has justified surgical treatment. The current study aimed to evaluate the outcome of surgical treatment for arachnoid cysts using standardized interviews and assessments of neuropsychological function and balance. The relationship between arachnoid cyst location, postoperative improvement, and arachnoid cyst volume was also examined. METHODS The authors performed a prospective, population-based study. One hundred nine patients underwent neurological, neuropsychological, and physiotherapeutic examinations...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294468/memory-impairment-and-the-mediating-role-of-task-difficulty-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#7
REVIEW
Kyrsten M Grimes, Anosha Zanjani, Konstantine K Zakzanis
Using meta-analytic methods, we sought to synthesize the research literature on memory impairment in schizophrenia. Additionally, we compared performances across memory measures to determine if task difficulty (e.g., effortful encoding and retrieval vs non-effortful encoding and retrieval) could account for variance across studies. Our primary measures of interest included the California Verbal Learning Test, Wechsler Memory Scale, Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, Hopkins Verbal Learning Test, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test, and the Benton Visual Retention Test...
March 14, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282418/the-proportion-of-cancer-related-entries-in-pubmed-has-increased-considerably-is-cancer-truly-the-emperor-of-all-maladies
#8
Constantino Carlos Reyes-Aldasoro
In this work, the public database of biomedical literature PubMed was mined using queries with combinations of keywords and year restrictions. It was found that the proportion of Cancer-related entries per year in PubMed has risen from around 6% in 1950 to more than 16% in 2016. This increase is not shared by other conditions such as AIDS, Malaria, Tuberculosis, Diabetes, Cardiovascular, Stroke and Infection some of which have, on the contrary, decreased as a proportion of the total entries per year. Organ-related queries were performed to analyse the variation of some specific cancers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277152/visuospatial-processing-in-adolescents-with-critical-congenital-heart-disease-organization-integration-and-implications-for-academic-achievement
#9
Jessica L Bean Jaworski, Matthew T White, David R DeMaso, Jane W Newburger, David C Bellinger, Adam R Cassidy
Among the most significant factors affecting quality of life in individuals with critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) are neurodevelopmental challenges, including deficits in visuospatial processing and academic achievement. Few studies have compared outcomes across CCHD subgroups, despite their significant differences in anatomy/physiology and medical/surgical courses. This study compared visuospatial processing abilities using the Developmental Scoring System for the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (DSS-ROCF) across groups of adolescents with CCHD (d-transposition of the great arteries [TGA, n = 139], Tetralogy of Fallot [TOF, n = 68], single-ventricle cardiac anatomy requiring the Fontan operation [SVF, n = 145]) and a group of healthy controls (CTR, n = 111), and examined the validity of visuospatial processing in predicting concurrent academic outcomes...
February 16, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260235/no-cognitive-enhancing-effect-of-glp-1-receptor-agonism-in-antipsychotic-treated-obese-patients-with-schizophrenia
#10
P L Ishøy, B Fagerlund, B V Broberg, N Bak, F K Knop, B Y Glenthøj, B H Ebdrup
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia is associated with profound cognitive and psychosocial impairments. Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) are used for diabetes and obesity treatment, and animal studies have indicated cognitive-enhancing effects. In this investigator-initiated, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, we tested non-metabolic effects of exenatide once-weekly (Bydureon™) in obese, antipsychotic-treated patients with schizohrenia spectrum disorder. METHOD: Before and after 3 months of exenatide (N = 20) or placebo (N = 20) treatment, patients were assessed with the following: Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS), Rey-Osterreith complex figure test (REY), Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP) and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)...
March 5, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259698/glycemia-but-not-the-metabolic-syndrome-is-associated-with-cognitive-decline-findings-from-the-european-male-ageing-study
#11
Margot J Overman, Neil Pendleton, Terence W O'Neill, Gyorgy Bartfai, Felipe F Casanueva, Gianni Forti, Giulia Rastrelli, Aleksander Giwercman, Thang S Han, Ilpo T Huhtaniemi, Krzysztof Kula, Michael E J Lean, Margus Punab, David M Lee, Elon S Correa, Tomas Ahern, Michaël R Laurent, Sabine M P Verschueren, Leen Antonio, Evelien Gielen, Martin K Rutter, Dirk Vanderschueren, Frederick C W Wu, Jos Tournoy
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has indicated that components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), such as hyperglycemia and hypertension, are negatively associated with cognition. However, evidence that MetS itself is related to cognitive performance has been inconsistent. This longitudinal study investigates whether MetS or its components affect cognitive decline in aging men and whether any interaction with inflammation exists. METHODS: Over a mean of 4.4 years (SD ± 0...
June 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256290/risk-factors-for-mortality-in-272-patients-with-lung-transplant-a-multicenter-analysis-of-7-intensive-care-units
#12
Jordi Rello, Irene Bello, Rosario de Vicente, Ana Hermira Anchuelo, Maria Ángeles Ballesteros, Reyes Iranzo, Luzdivina Rellán, Jordi Riera, Juan Carlos Robles
BACKGROUND: One-year survival in lung transplant is around 85%, but this figure has not increased in recent years, in spite of technical improvements. METHODS: Retrospective, multicenter cohort study. Data from 272 eligible adults with lung transplant were recorded at 7 intensive care units (ICU) in Spain in 2013. The objective was to identify variables that might help to guide future clinical interventions in order to reducethe risk of death in the postoperative period...
February 27, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240927/contralateral-interictal-and-ictal-eeg-epileptiform-activity-accentuate-memory-impairment-in-unilateral-mesial-temporal-sclerosis-patients
#13
Lecio F Pinto, Carla C Adda, Liliane C A Silva, Natalie H C Banaskiwitz, Valmir Passarelli, Carmen L Jorge, Rosa M Valerio, Luiz H Castro
OBJECTIVE: Memory impairment is a recognized complication of mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS). Epileptiform activity may negatively impact on cognition. We evaluated the impact of contralateral EEG involvement on memory in unilateral MTS (uMTS) patients. METHOD: Retrospective review of 121 right-handed uMTS patients (69 left) evaluated with prolonged video-EEG and verbal and nonverbal memory tests (Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test and Rey-Osterrieth Complex figure), with additional very delayed trials...
March 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238814/neural-basis-of-cognitive-assessment-in-alzheimer-disease-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-subjective-memory-complaints
#14
Jordi A Matías-Guiu, María Nieves Cabrera-Martín, María Valles-Salgado, Alicia Pérez-Pérez, Teresa Rognoni, Teresa Moreno-Ramos, José Luis Carreras, Jorge Matías-Guiu
INTRODUCTION: Interpreting cognitive tests is often challenging. The same test frequently examines multiple cognitive functions, and the functional and anatomical basis underlying test performance is unknown in many cases. This study analyses the correlation of different neuropsychological test results with brain metabolism in a series of patients evaluated for suspected Alzheimer disease. METHODS: 20 healthy controls and 80 patients consulting for memory loss were included, in which cognitive study and (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET were performed...
February 3, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229986/executive-function-training-for-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
Lan Shuai, David Daley, Yu-Feng Wang, Jin-Song Zhang, Yan-Ting Kong, Xin Tan, Ning Ji
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence indicates that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with core deficits in executive function (EF) which predicts poorer academic and occupational functioning. This makes early intervention targeting EF impairments important to prevent long-term negative outcomes. Cognitive training is a potential ADHD treatment target. The present study aimed to explore the efficacy, feasibility, and acceptability of a cognitive training program (targeting child's multiple EF components and involving parent support in daily life), as a nonpharmacological intervention for children with ADHD...
March 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217881/is-overestimation-of-body-size-associated-with-neuropsychological-weaknesses-in-anorexia-nervosa
#16
Maria Øverås, Hilde Kapstad, Cathrine Brunborg, Nils Inge Landrø, Øyvind Rø
BACKGROUND: Recent research indicates some evidence of neuropsychological weaknesses in visuospatial memory, central coherence and set-shifting in adults with anorexia nervosa (AN). The growing interest in neuropsychological functioning of patients with AN is based upon the assumption that neuropsychological weaknesses contribute to the clinical features of the illness. However, due to a paucity of research on the connection between neuropsychological difficulties and the clinical features of AN, this link remains hypothetical...
March 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139144/embedded-performance-validity-testing-in-neuropsychological-assessment-potential-clinical-tools
#17
Tyler A Rickards, Christopher C Cranston, Pegah Touradji, Kathleen T Bechtold
The article aims to suggest clinically-useful tools in neuropsychological assessment for efficient use of embedded measures of performance validity. To accomplish this, we integrated available validity-related and statistical research from the literature, consensus statements, and survey-based data from practicing neuropsychologists. We provide recommendations for use of 1) Cutoffs for embedded performance validity tests including Reliable Digit Span, California Verbal Learning Test (Second Edition) Forced Choice Recognition, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test Combination Score, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test Failure to Maintain Set, and the Finger Tapping Test; 2) Selecting number of performance validity measures to administer in an assessment; and 3) Hypothetical clinical decision-making models for use of performance validity testing in a neuropsychological assessment collectively considering behavior, patient reporting, and data indicating invalid or noncredible performance...
January 31, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129494/neuropsychological-test-performance-to-enhance-identification-of-subjects-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-and-to-be-most-promising-for-predictive-algorithms-for-conversion-to-psychosis-a-meta-analysis
#18
Marta Hauser, Jian-Ping Zhang, Eva M Sheridan, Katherine E Burdick, Rachel Mogil, John M Kane, Andrea Auther, Ricardo E Carrión, Barbara A Cornblatt, Christoph U Correll
OBJECTIVE: To compare neuropsychological performance in people at clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR), healthy controls (HCs), or subjects with first-episode psychosis (FEP). DATA SOURCES: Systematic PubMed/MEDLINE search through January 2014, without language restrictions, using search terms prodrome OR clinical high-risk OR ultra-high risk AND cognition OR individual test names. STUDY SELECTION: Studies reporting neuropsychological data in CHR versus a HC or FEP groups or comparing CHR subjects who converted to psychosis (CHR-P) with CHR subjects who did not convert to psychosis (CHR-NP)...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108493/fine-motor-skill-mediates-visual-memory-ability-with-microstructural-neuro-correlates-in-cerebellar-peduncles-in-prematurely-born-adolescents
#19
Alyssa R Thomas, Cheryl Lacadie, Betty Vohr, Laura R Ment, Dustin Scheinost
Adolescents born preterm (PT) with no evidence of neonatal brain injury are at risk of deficits in visual memory and fine motor skills that diminish academic performance. The association between these deficits and white matter microstructure is relatively unexplored. We studied 190 PTs with no brain injury and 92 term controls at age 16 years. The Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCF), the Beery visual-motor integration (VMI), and the Grooved Pegboard Test (GPT) were collected for all participants, while a subset (40 PTs and 40 terms) underwent diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging...
January 1, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097835/cognitive-profiles-of-patients-with-early-detected-and-treated-congenital-hypothyroidism
#20
María L Pardo Campos, Mariel Musso, Ana Keselman, Laura Gruñeiro, Ignacio Bergadá, Ana Chiesa
INTRODUCTION: Children with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) detected by newborn screening and adequately treated may have mild cognitive deficits. OBJECTIVES">To assess the intelligence quotient of children with CH and identify the presence of specific cognitive deficits. POPULATION AND METHODS: A group of 60 children with CH detected by newborn screening, who were aged 9-10 years old and received adequate treatment since their first month of life was selected and compared to a control group of 60 children without CH in the same age range...
February 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
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