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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538791/inconsistent-reports-of-risk-behavior-among-brazilian-middle-school-students-national-school-based-survey-of-adolescent-health-pense-2009-2012
#1
Dandara de Oliveira Ramos, Martin Daly, Maria Lucia Seidl-de-Moura, Rafael Tavares Jomar, Paulo Nadanovsky
This study assessed the consistency of self-reports of risk behavior (overall and within four specific domains: alcohol use, tobacco use, drug use, and sexual activity) in two editions of the Brazilian National School Based Survey of Adolescent Health (PeNSE): 2009 and 2012. The overall proportion of cases with at least one inconsistent response in the two editions was 11.7% (2.7% on the alcohol items, 2.1% for drug use, 4.3% for cigarette use, 3% for sexual activity) and 22.7% (12.8% on alcohol items, 2.5% for drug use, 4...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538776/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-experience-in-18-patients-during-the-last-12-years
#2
Patrícia Dionísio, Luís Martins, Susana Moreira, Alda Manique, Rita Macedo, Fátima Caeiro, Luísa Boal, Cristina Bárbara
Objective: To characterize clinically all of the patients with spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) admitted to an adult pulmonology ward in Lisbon, Portugal. Methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study of all adult patients (≥ 18 years of age) diagnosed with SPM between January of 2004 and September of 2015. Results: At least one predisposing factor was identified in most (88.9%) of the 18 patients who presented with SPM during the study period...
March 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538089/central-hematocrit-levels-in-fetal-malnourished-term-infants
#3
Kerem Ertaş, Özgül Salihoğlu, Emrah Can, Sami Hatipoğlu, Şahin Hamilçikan
BACKROUND: Fetal malnutrition is especially important for common chronic diseases in adult life. They could potentially be prevented by achieving optimal fetal nutrition. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate hematocrit levels of malnourished, term, appropriate for gestational age (AGA) neonates. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 80 AGA neonates (between 10% and 90% percentiles interval according to birth week), born with spontaneous vaginal delivery between 37 and 42 weeks of gestation, detected by both last menstrual period and ultrasonography measurements, were included in the study...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535209/aromatic-dna-adducts-and-breast-cancer-risk-a-case-cohort-study-within-the-epic-spain
#4
Antonio Agudo, Marco Peluso, Armelle Munnia, Leila Luján-Barroso, Aurelio Barricarte, Pilar Amiano, Carmen Navarro, María-José Sánchez, J Ramón Quirós, Eva Ardanaz, Nerea Larrañaga, María-José Tormo, María-Dolores Chirlaque, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Emilio Sánchez-Cantalejo, Filippo Cellai, Catalina Bonet, Núria Sala, Carlos A González
Epidemiologic evidence linking environmental exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) with breast cancer is limited. Measurement of DNA adducts formed by aromatic compounds, including PAH, has been carried in breast tissue samples and white blood cells from women with breast cancer and different kinds of controls. However, these studies provide inconsistent results and bias cannot be ruled out. During the 7-year follow-up period, 305 women were diagnosed with first primary breast cancer in the EPIC-Spain cohort, and were compared with a sample of 149 women without breast cancer at recruitment, using a case-cohort approach...
May 23, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534822/violence-victimization-in-korean-adolescents-risk-factors-and-psychological-problems
#5
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Hyesue Jang, Minkyung Jo
We examined the risk factors for and psychological problems associated with violence victimization in a nationwide representative sample of Korean adolescents. Data from the 2016 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey was used. Participants were asked about their experience of being a victim of violence that required medical treatment during the past 12 months, as well as their perceived health, happiness, sleep satisfaction, stress, depressed mood, and suicidality. The 12-month prevalence of violence victimization requiring medical treatment was 2...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534742/looming-threat-of-asian-tobacco-companies-to-global-health
#6
Kelley Lee, Jappe Eckhardt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534434/effects-of-a-statewide-tobacco-cessation-program-among-individuals-involved-with-arkansas-community-correction
#7
Christine Garver-Apgar, Susan Young, Brenda Howard, Ben Udochi, Chad Morris
In response to a critical need for tobacco cessation services among justice-involved populations, Arkansas Community Correction (ACC) partnered with the University of Colorado's Behavioral Health & Wellness Program in 2013 to implement the DIMENSIONS: Tobacco Free Program within all probation, parole, and drug court units. In the first 2 years of this statewide, evidence-based program, more than 1,100 individuals from 33 ACC area office locations attended tobacco-free group sessions and provided data on tobacco use and readiness to quit...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534097/increased-hpa-axis-activity-and-serum-tryptophan-in-naswar-dipping-tobacco-users-a-case-control-study
#8
Faiza Sajid, Samina Bano
Nicotine is the principal addictive agent present in Naswar, a smokeless dipping tobacco product. 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) has been implicated in the reinforcement properties of nicotine. Also, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is of vital importance in evaluating the response to stress and nicotine addiction. The study aimed to evaluate serum tryptophan and cortisol levels in Naswar users in relation to addiction. Additionally, serum cotinine levels were also determined to assess daily nicotine exposure...
May 22, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533991/multivariable-analysis-of-factors-affecting-length-of-stay-and-hospital-charges-after-atlantoaxial-fusion
#9
Jian Guan, Michael Karsy, Meic Schmidt, Andrew T Dailey, Erica Bisson
BACKGROUND: Atlantoaxial fusion is an effective procedure for treating degenerative, traumatic, and congenital abnormalities that result in upper cervical instability; however, data on which factors affect the length of stay and hospitalization-related charges are limited. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pre-, intra-, and postoperative variables that affect these healthcare cost factors for patients undergoing posterior atlantoaxial fusion. METHODS: We retrospectively identified from a clinical database 59 patients who underwent isolated posterior atlantoaxial fusion at a single institution from 2010 to 2015...
April 18, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533839/-epidemiology-of-the-relationship-between-atrial-fibrillation-and-heart-failure
#10
Yassine Ragbaoui, Chafia Chehbouni, Ayoub El Hammiri, Rachida Habbal
Atrial fibrillation and heart failure are diseases which often coexist aggravating prognosis and constituting a major public health problem. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of atrial fibrillation in patients with chronic heart failure and to determine the clinical profile of this group of patients. We conducted a retrospective descriptive study based on the registry of heart failure of the Department of Cardiology at the University Hospital Centre from June 2006 to March 2015. All patients over 18 years of age with chronic heart failure associated with atrial fibrillation were included in the study...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533733/tobacco-smoke-exposure-reduces-paraoxonase-activity-in-a-murine-model
#11
Robert M Reed, Saif M Borgan, Michael Eberlein, Monica Goldklang, Joshua Lewis, Michael Miller, Mohamad Navab, Bo S Kim
AIM: To demonstrate a direct inhibitory effect of cigarette smoke exposure on paraoxonase 1 activity in a murine in vivo model. METHODS: At 8 weeks old, we randomized 10 C57/bl6 mice to an environment consisting of either filtered air or cigarette smoke for 6 months. Smoke exposure (7 hours per day, 5 days per week) was standardized using a model TE-10 smoking machine and adjusted to maintain constant sidestream and mainstream smoke. After 6 months of exposure, we assessed differences in lung air space, cholesterol, lipid, and lipoprotein profiles, as well as paraoxonase activity in mice exposed to cigarette smoke extract compared to unexposed control mice...
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533133/current-active-and-passive-smoking-among-adults-living-with-same-sex-partners-in-spain
#12
Jaime Perales, Irene Checa, Begoña Espejo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between current active and passive tobacco smoking and living with a same-sex partner in Spain. METHODS: We analysed data from two cross-sectional national surveys of the Spanish population 15 years and older (2011-Encuesta Nacional de Salud en España and 2014-Encuesta Europea de Salud en España). Analyses included only people living with their partner. Associations were calculated using multiple logistic regressions adjusting for gender, social class and age...
May 19, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532576/-tobacco-and-plastic-surgery-an-absolute-contraindication
#13
C Matusiak, A De Runz, H Maschino, M Brix, E Simon, F Claudot
INTRODUCTION: Smoking increases perioperative risk regarding wound healing, infection rate and failure of microsurgical procedures. There is no present consensus about plastic and aesthetic surgical indications concerning smoking patients. The aim of our study is to analyze French plastic surgeons practices concerning smokers. METHOD: A questionnaire was send by e-mail to French plastic surgeons in order to evaluate their own operative indications: patient information about smoking dangers, pre- and postoperative delay of smoking cessation, type of intervention carried out, smoking cessation supports, use of screening test and smoking limit associated to surgery refusing were studied...
May 19, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532414/association-between-body-mass-index-and-firmicutes-bacteroidetes-ratio-in-an-adult-ukrainian-population
#14
Alexander Koliada, Ganna Syzenko, Vladislav Moseiko, Liudmyla Budovska, Kostiantyn Puchkov, Vyacheslav Perederiy, Yuriy Gavalko, Andriy Dorofeyev, Maryana Romanenko, Sergiy Tkach, Lyudmila Sineok, Oleh Lushchak, Alexander Vaiserman
BACKGROUND: Metagenomic studies confirm that obesity is associated with a composition of gut microbiota. There are some controversies, however, about the composition of gut microbial communities in obese individuals in different populations. To examine the association between body mass index and microbiota composition in Ukrainian population, fecal concentrations of Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes (F/B) ratio were analyzed in 61 adult individuals...
May 22, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531251/ca2-dependent-phosphoregulation-of-the-plasma-membrane-ca2-atpase-aca8-modulates-stimulus-induced-calcium-signatures
#15
Alex Costa, Laura Luoni, Claudia Adriana Marrano, Kenji Hashimoto, Philipp Köster, Sonia Giacometti, Maria Ida De Michelis, Jörg Kudla, Maria Cristina Bonza
Ca2+ signals are transient, hence, upon a stimulus-induced increase in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration, cells have to re-establish resting Ca2+ levels. Ca2+ extrusion is operated by a wealth of transporters, such as Ca2+ pumps and Ca2+/H+ antiporters, which often require a rise in Ca2+ concentration to be activated. Here, we report a regulatory fine-tuning mechanism of the Arabidopsis thaliana plasma membrane-localized Ca2+-ATPase isoform ACA8 that is mediated by calcineurin B-like protein (CBL) and CBL-interacting protein kinase (CIPK) complexes...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531247/the-health-cost-of-tobacco-use-in-uganda
#16
Nigar Nargis, Kellen Nyamurungi, Sebastian Olakira Baine, Daniel Kadobera
The economic cost of tobacco use is well documented in high-income countries. It has been measured in relatively fewer low-and middle-income countries, and much less in sub-Saharan Africa despite the longstanding recognition of significant current and future health risk to people attributed by tobacco use in this region. This article fills this gap by estimating the economic cost of tobacco use in Uganda, a low-income country in sub-Saharan Africa. This study estimates the economic cost of tobacco use in Uganda using the cost-of-illnesses approach based on data collected from a survey of patients and caregivers in four major service centers in Mulago National Referral Hospital, namely, Uganda Cancer Institute, Uganda Heart Institute, Chest Clinic and Diabetic Clinic, key informant interviews and secondary sources for the year 2014...
May 22, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531246/heat-not-burn-tobacco-cigarettes-smoke-by-any-other-name
#17
Reto Auer, Nicolas Concha-Lozano, Isabelle Jacot-Sadowski, Jacques Cornuz, Aurélie Berthet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529920/global-progress-in-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#18
Shanthi Mendis
Although there is measurable global progress in prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD), it has been highly uneven and inadequate, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Voluntary global targets have helped to galvanize attention, resources and accountability on tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity which are the major behavioural drivers of CVD. Many obstacles and challenges continue to impede the progress of cardiovascular prevention. The inclusion of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in the sustainable development agenda as a specific target, offers an unprecedented opportunity to further advance the global progress of cardiovascular prevention...
April 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529917/current-guidelines-on-prevention-with-a-focus-on-dyslipidemias
#19
REVIEW
Ian M Graham, Alberico L Catapano, Nathan D Wong
Examination of the current the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and European Society of Cardiology/European Atherosclerosis Society (ESC/EAS) guidelines on the prevention of cardiovascular disease and the management of dyslipidemias finds much common ground. Both note that Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is, in most people, the product of a number of risk factors, notably tobacco exposure, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, inactivity, overweight and diabetes. They stress that risk calculators can help in the assessment of risk in apparently healthy persons...
April 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529370/prevention-early-intervention-and-harm-reduction-of-substance-use-in-adolescents
#20
R C Jiloha
This paper presents a systematic review on the effectiveness of prevention, early intervention, and harm reduction including treatment of substance abuse among adolescents for tobacco, alcohol and illicit drugs. Taxation, public consumption bans, restriction on advertisements, and minimum legal age for consumption, are effective measures to reduce the use of tobacco and alcohol. School-based prevention and skill-training interventions are effective tools to reduce substance use among adolescents. Social norms and intervention to reduce substance use in adolescents do not have strong evidence of effectiveness...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
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