keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tobacco

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102874/cardiorespiratory-hospitalisation-and-mortality-reductions-after-smoking-bans-in-switzerland
#1
Ana M Vicedo-Cabrera, Martin Röösli, Dragana Radovanovic, Leticia Grize, Fabienne Witassek, Christian Schindler, Laura Perez
INTRODUCTION: Smoking bans are considered one of the most effective policies to reduce population exposure to tobacco smoke and prevent adverse health outcomes. However, evidence on the effect of contextual variables on the effectiveness of smoking bans is still lacking. AIMS: The patchwork of cantonal smoke-free laws in Switzerland was used as a quasi-experimental setting to assess changes after their introduction in: hospitalisations and mortality due to cardiorespiratory diseases in adults; total hospitalisations and hospitalisations due to respiratory disorders in children; and the modifying effects of contextual factors and the effectiveness of the laws...
January 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102331/investigating-causality-in-associations-between-smoking-initiation-and-schizophrenia-using-mendelian-randomization
#2
Suzanne H Gage, Hannah J Jones, Amy E Taylor, Stephen Burgess, Stanley Zammit, Marcus R Munafò
Smoking is strongly associated with schizophrenia. Although it has been widely assumed that this reflects self-medication, recent studies suggest that smoking may be a risk factor for schizophrenia. We performed two-sample bi-directional Mendelian randomization using summary level genomewide association data from the Tobacco And Genetics Consortium and Psychiatric Genomics Consortium. Variants associated with smoking initiation and schizophrenia were combined using an inverse-variance weighted fixed-effects approach...
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101559/cannabis-use-in-persons-with-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-denmark
#3
Sven R Andresen, Fin Biering-Sørensen, Ellen Merete Hagen, Jørgen F Nielsen, Flemming W Bach, Nanna B Finnerup
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate recreational and medical cannabis use in individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury, including reasons and predictors for use, perceived benefits and negative consequences. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey in Denmark. METHODS: A 35-item questionnaire was sent to 1,101 patients with spinal cord injury who had been in contact with a rehabilitation centre between 1990 and 2012. RESULTS: A total of 537 participants completed the questionnaire...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100555/environmental-tobacco-smoke-exposure-among-infants-children-and-young-people-now-is-no-time-to-relax
#4
EDITORIAL
Juliana Pugmire, Helen Sweeting, Laurence Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100380/-cigarette-consumer-price-and-affordability-in-china-results-from-2015-china-adult-survey
#5
L L Wang, Y Yang, Y Nan, M W Tu, J J Wang, Y Jiang
Objective: To analyze the change of cigarette consumption price, and understand the cigarette affordability in China. Methods: A total of 16 800 households were selected through multi-stage stratified cluster sampling. Then IPAQ was used to randomly select one family member to conduct the survey. Questionnaire from Global Tobacco Surveillance System with added country-specific questions was used. Results: Up to 50% of current smokers would buy 20 cigarettes with price of 9.9 yuan (RMB) or less, and 25% of current smokers would not buy 20 cigarettes with price exceed 5...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100146/examining-the-relationship-between-childhood-victimization-high-risk-behaviors-and-health-among-criminal-justice-involved-women
#6
Tanya Renn, Seana Golder, George Higgins, T K Logan, Katherine M Winham
The purpose of this study was to develop and test a conceptual model of the pathways through which childhood victimization influences adult health outcomes. Specifically, measures of high-risk behaviors, tobacco use, alcohol use, illegal substance use, and HIV risk behaviors were hypothesized to mediate the relationship between childhood victimization and adult physical health. The sample consisted of 406 women on probation and parole with a history of childhood victimization in Jefferson County, Kentucky. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relationship between childhood victimization, high-risk behaviors, and physical health outcomes...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098749/a-semipersistent-plant-virus-differentially-manipulates-feeding-behaviors-of-different-sexes-and-biotypes-of-its-whitefly-vector
#7
Shaohua Lu, Jingjing Li, Xueli Wang, Danyang Song, Rune Bai, Yan Shi, Qinsheng Gu, Yen-Wen Kuo, Bryce W Falk, Fengming Yan
It is known that plant viruses can change the performance of their vectors. However, there have been no reports on whether or how a semipersistent plant virus manipulates the feeding behaviors of its whitefly vectors. Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV) (genus Crinivirus, family Closteroviridae) is an emergent plant virus in many Asian countries and is transmitted specifically by B and Q biotypes of tobacco whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), in a semipersistent manner. In the present study, we used electrical penetration graph (EPG) technique to investigate the effect of CCYV on the feeding behaviors of B...
January 13, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098082/occupational-health-profile-of-workers-employed-in-the-manufacturing-sector-of-india
#8
REVIEW
Shivali Suri, Ranjan Das
BACKGROUND: The occupational health scenario of workers engaged in the manufacturing sector in India deserves attention for their safety and increasing productivity. We reviewed the status of the manufacturing sector, identified hazards faced by workers, and assessed the existing legislations and healthcare delivery mechanisms. METHODS: From October 2014 to March 2015, we did a literature review by manual search of pre-identified journals, general electronic search, electronic search of dedicated websites/databases and personal communication with experts of occupational health...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098081/is-tobacco-use-increasing-among-medical-students-of-bengaluru-city-india-evidence-from-two-cross-sectional-studies
#9
Prem K Mony
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating secular changes in tobacco use are rare in India. We estimated self-reported prevalence of tobacco use, across a 5-year interval, among medical students in Bengaluru, India. METHODS: We did two cross-sectional studies during 2007 and 2013 among third year undergraduate medical students of four medical colleges in Bengaluru. A self-administered questionnaire was used to elicit information on tobacco smoking and chewing. RESULTS: The participation rates were 82% (323/395) in 2007 and 78% (253/324) in 2013 (p=0...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098063/the-use-of-e-cigarettes
#10
Martin Eichler, Maria Blettner, Susanne Singer
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are a consumer product whose benefits and risks are currently debated. Advocates of the "tobacco harm reduction" strategy emphasize their potential as an aid to smoking cessation, while advocates of the precautionary principle emphasize their risks instead. There have been only a few studies to date on the prevalence of e-cigarette use in Germany. METHODS: In May 2016, in collaboration with Forsa, an opinion research firm, we carried out a survey among 4002 randomly chosen persons aged 14 and older, asking them about their consumption of e-cigarettes with and without nicotine, reasons for using e-cigarettes, plans for future use, estimation of danger compared to that of tobacco products, smoking behavior, and sociodemographic features...
December 16, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098043/-the-effects-of-smoking-on-health-growth-of-knowledge-reveals-even-grimmer-picture
#11
J P Mackenbach, R A M Damhuis, J V Been
- In this article we give a short overview of new insights into the effects of smoking on health, both on smokers themselves and on those who are exposed to other people's tobacco smoke.- The number of diseases and conditions that are known to be caused by active smoking has now risen to over thirty.- The risk of premature death is not, as previously thought, twice as high in smokers as in non-smokers, but actually three times as high.- Passive smoking too has been shown to have a whole range of negative effects on health...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096794/tobacco-use-patterns-knowledge-attitudes-towards-tobacco-and-availability-of-tobacco-control-training-among-school-personnel-from-a-rural-area-in-poland
#12
Dorota Kaleta, Kinga Polańska, Adam Rzeźnicki, Włodzimierz Stelmach, Piotr Wojtysiak
BACKGROUND: Tobacco-free school environment as well as non-smoking teachers and school personnel provide positive role models for children and young people. In Poland, smoking should be banned in colleges, schools, educational establishments and educational care facilities. However, for the existing law to be effective, awareness of all people in school curriculum and enforcement of the law are crucial. The aim of the study was to evaluate tobacco use patterns, knowledge and attitudes towards tobacco as well as availability of tobacco control training among school personnel in a rural area in Poland...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095823/tobacco-smoking-policies-in-australian-alcohol-and-other-drug-treatment-services-agreement-between-staff-awareness-and-the-written-policy-document
#13
Eliza Skelton, Billie Bonevski, Flora Tzelepis, Anthony Shakeshaft, Ashleigh Guillaumier, Adrian Dunlop, Sam McCrabb, Kerrin Palazzi
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive smoke-free policy in the alcohol and other drug (AOD) setting provides an opportunity to reduce tobacco related harms among clients and staff. This study aimed to examine within AOD services: staff awareness of their service's smoking policy compared to the written policy document and staff and service factors associated with accurate awareness of a total ban and perceived enforcement of a total ban. METHODS: An audit of written tobacco smoking policy documents and an online cross-sectional survey of staff from 31 Australian AOD services...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095732/an-online-survey-of-tobacco-smoking-cessation-associated-with-naturalistic-psychedelic-use
#14
Matthew W Johnson, Albert Garcia-Romeu, Patrick S Johnson, Roland R Griffiths
Data suggest psychedelics such as psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) may hold therapeutic potential in the treatment of addictions, including tobacco dependence. This retrospective cross-sectional anonymous online survey characterized 358 individuals (52 females) who reported having quit or reduced smoking after ingesting a psychedelic in a non-laboratory setting ⩾1 year ago. On average, participants smoked 14 cigarettes/day for 8 years, and had five previous quit attempts before their psychedelic experience...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095283/substance-use-among-european-students-east-west-comparison-between-1995-and-2011
#15
Alojz Nociar, Janusz Sierosławski, Ladislav Csémy
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate long-term trends differences in student substance misuse between countries of former Eastern Bloc (FEB) and Western Europe (WEST). Overall data on student substance misuse gathered in five waves of the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD) conducted between 1995 and 2011 were pooled and analysed. Findings were compared between FEB and WEST countries at the five time-points of data collection. METHODS: Over 396,000 of 16 years old students from thirteen FEB and thirteen WEST countries completed anonymous ESPAD questionnaires...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095281/nurses-attitudes-toward-intervening-with-smokers-their-knowledge-opinion-and-e-learning-impact
#16
Eva Králíková, Vladislava Felbrová, Stanislava Kulovaná, Kateřina Malá, Iveta Nohavová, Eva Roubíčková, Alexandra Pánková, Stella A Bialous, Marjorie J Wells, Jenny Brook, Linda Sarna
BACKGROUND: Numbering about 90,000, nurses represent the largest group of health care providers in the Czech Republic. Therefore, nurses can make a significant impact in the treatment of tobacco dependence, particularly in applying brief interventions to smokers. METHODS: During 2014, 279 nurses from the Czech Republic participated in an e-learning education programme consisting of two Webcasts with additional web-based resources about smoking cessation in relation to health and treatment options in daily clinical practice, particularly regarding brief intervention methods...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094859/hair-nicotine-concentration-measurement-in-cats-and-its-relationship-to-owner-reported-environmental-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#17
V A Smith, A R McBrearty, D G Watson, D J Mellor, S Spence, C Knottenbelt
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between hair nicotine concentration in cats and owner-reported exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Owner questionnaires documented exposure. Nicotine was extracted from hair by sonification in methanol followed by hydrophilic interaction chromatography with mass spectrometry. Relationships between hair nicotine concentration and owner-reported exposure were examined using hypothesis-testing statistics and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis...
January 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094216/mild-to-moderate-dysplasia-at-surgical-margin-is-a-significant-indicator-of-survival-in-patients-with-oral-cancer
#18
Sandhya Gokavarapu, Nagendra Parvataneni, Sreenivasa Pavagada, L M Chandrasekhara Rao, K V Raju, T Subramaneshwar Rao
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the significance of mild and moderate dysplasia at the surgical margin with regard to survival and locoregional recurrence. STUDY DESIGN: We investigated cases of primary oral squamous cell carcinoma with negative margins retrospectively from the database of a tertiary cancer hospital. All patients had been treated between January 2010 and December 2012, and margin dysplasia was investigated in a multivariate analysis for locoregional recurrence and overall survival...
November 16, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094192/risk-factors-for-revision-surgery-following-isolated-ulnar-nerve-release-at-the-cubital-tunnel-a-study-of-25-977-cases
#19
Christopher L Camp, Claire B Ryan, Ryan M Degen, Joshua S Dines, David W Altchek, Brian C Werner
BACKGROUND: The literature investigating risk factors for failure after decompression of the ulnar nerve at the elbow (cubital tunnel release [CuTR]) is limited. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for failure of isolated CuTR, defined as progression to subsequent ipsilateral revision surgery. METHODS: The 100% Medicare Standard Analytic Files from 2005 to 2012 were queried for patients undergoing CuTR. Patients undergoing any concomitant procedures were excluded...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094190/three-or-more-preoperative-injections-is-the-most-significant-risk-factor-for-revision-surgery-after-operative-treatment-of-lateral-epicondylitis-an-analysis-of-3863-patients
#20
Ryan M Degen, Jourdan M Cancienne, Christopher L Camp, David W Altchek, Joshua S Dines, Brian C Werner
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to identify the rate of failure of operative treatment of lateral epicondylitis, defined as progression to ipsilateral revision surgery, and associated patient-specific risk factors for failure. METHODS: A national database was used to identify patients undergoing surgical treatment of lateral epicondylitis from 2005 to 2012. Patients undergoing concomitant procedures were excluded. Patients who then required subsequent ipsilateral extensor carpi radialis brevis débridement or release within 2 years were identified using similar methods...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
keyword
keyword
4283
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"