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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231029/unintended-insulin-pump-delivery-in-hyperbaric-conditions
#1
Federico Bertuzzi, Basilio Pintaudi, Matteo Bonomo, Fabio Garuti
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Unintended pump insulin delivery was reported to occur as a consequence of decreased atmospheric pressure, probably mediated by air bubble formation and the expansion of existing bubbles. This observation has been used to explain some hypoglycemic episodes occurring in patients on insulin pump treatment in between 1 and 1 h 45 min after the flight takeoff. New models of insulin pumps have been introduced in the market, most of them are waterproof certified. It is not clear if in these new pumps the influence of atmospheric pressure changes on the insulin delivery is still present...
February 23, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229806/-i-can-t-concentrate-a-feasibility-study-with-young-refugees-in-sweden-on-developing-science-driven-interventions-for-intrusive-memories-related-to-trauma
#2
Emily A Holmes, Ata Ghaderi, Ellinor Eriksson, Klara Olofsdotter Lauri, Olivia M Kukacka, Maya Mamish, Ella L James, Renée M Visser
BACKGROUND: The number of refugees is the highest ever worldwide. Many have experienced trauma in home countries or on their escape which has mental health sequelae. Intrusive memories comprise distressing scenes of trauma which spring to mind unbidden. Development of novel scalable psychological interventions is needed urgently. AIMS: We propose that brief cognitive science-driven interventions should be developed which pinpoint a focal symptom alongside a means to monitor it using behavioural techniques...
March 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229019/is-there-a-relation-between-dental-anxiety-fear-and-general-psychological-status
#3
Tuba Talo Yildirim, Serkan Dundar, Alihan Bozoglan, Tahir Karaman, Neval Dildes, Filiz Acun Kaya, Eyyup Altintas, Faruk Oztekin, Osman Atas, Hilal Alan
BACKGROUND: Dental anxiety is a widespread problem in many populations. This problem can be a barrier to dental care and may lead to poor oral health. Dental anxiety may be related to psychological status. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to assess the levels of dental anxiety, dental fear, Beck Depression, and state-trait anxiety according to age, gender and education level in patients at the periodontology clinic in the Diyarbakır Mouth and Dental Health Center...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219207/-mutations-of-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-found-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma
#4
Y Liu, H B Rui
Objective: To explore the mutations of vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). Methods: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct DNA sequencing were used to detect the mutations of VDR gene(loci Fok Ⅰ, Bsm Ⅰ, Apa Ⅰ, Taq Ⅰ) in forty MM cases and 84 healthy control subjects. Results: A synonymous mutation (ATC→ATA , both encode isoleucine) at cDNA codon1421 of VDR gene was found in one MM patients, which correlated to a better therapeutic response. Rare Bsm Ⅰ AA genotype and Taq Ⅰ CC genotype were detected in a MM patient, which might be related to the relapsing and refracfory disease...
February 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217014/antithyroglobulin-antibody-as-a-marker-of-successful-ablation-therapy-in-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#5
Ayu Rosemeilia Dewi, Budi Darmawan, Achmad Hussein Sundawa Kartamihadja, Basuki Hidayat, Johan S Masjhur
The aim of this study was to determine the role of antithyroglobulin antibody (ATA) serum as a marker of successful I-131 ablation therapy in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients with low serum thyroglobulin (Tg). A retrospective study was conducted on 60 patients (10 males and 50 females). All patients underwent posttotal thyroidectomy and received 2.96 to 3 GBq I-131 ablation. Subjects were divided into two groups with succesful and unsuccessful I-131 ablation therapies. The data of age, gender, histopathologic type, tumor size, and metastasis were collected...
January 2017: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207789/carbapenem-resistance-and-pathogenicity-of-bovine-acinetobacter-indicus-like-isolates
#6
Peter Klotz, Stephan Göttig, Ursula Leidner, Torsten Semmler, Sandra Scheufen, Christa Ewers
The objective of this study was to characterize blaOXA-23 harbouring Acinetobacter indicus-like strains from cattle including genomic and phylogenetic analyses, antimicrobial susceptibility testing and evaluation of pathogenicity in vitro and in vivo. Nasal and rectal swabs (n = 45) from cattle in Germany were screened for carbapenem-non-susceptible Acinetobacter spp. Thereby, two carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter spp. from the nasal cavities of two calves could be isolated. MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and 16S rDNA sequencing identified these isolates as A...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197731/comparison-of-the-effects-of-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-and-9-on-bone-formation-in-rat-calvarial-critical-size-defects
#7
Toshiaki Nakamura, Yoshinori Shirakata, Yukiya Shinohara, Richard J Miron, Kozue Hasegawa-Nakamura, Masako Fujioka-Kobayashi, Kazuyuki Noguchi
OBJECTIVES: Among bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family members, BMP-2 and BMP-9 have demonstrated potent osteoinductive potential. However, in vivo differences in their potential for bone regeneration remain unclear. The present study aimed to compare the effects of recombinant human (rh) BMP-2 and rhBMP-9 on bone formation in rat calvarial critical-size defects (CSD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight Wistar rats surgically received two calvarial defects bilaterally in each parietal bone...
February 14, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194673/assessment-of-groundwater-vulnerability-using-supervised-committee-to-combine-fuzzy-logic-models
#8
Ata Allah Nadiri, Maryam Gharekhani, Rahman Khatibi, Asghar Asghari Moghaddam
Vulnerability indices of an aquifer assessed by different fuzzy logic (FL) models often give rise to differing values with no theoretical or empirical basis to establish a validated baseline or to develop a comparison basis between the modeling results and baselines, if any. Therefore, this research presents a supervised committee fuzzy logic (SCFL) method, which uses artificial neural networks to overarch and combine a selection of FL models. The indices are expressed by the widely used DRASTIC framework, which include geological, hydrological, and hydrogeological parameters often subject to uncertainty...
February 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188084/biomechanical-evaluation-of-knee-endpoint-during-anterior-tibial-loading-implication-for-physical-exams
#9
Ata A Rahnemai-Azar, Fabio V Arilla, Kevin M Bell, Freddie H Fu, Volker Musahl, Richard E Debski
BACKGROUND: Physical exams that apply anterior tibial loads are typically used to evaluate knees with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. The amount of anterior tibial translation that occurs during these exams can be difficult to assess due to a "soft" endpoint. Therefore, the objective of this study is to determine the biomechanical characteristics of the endpoint for the intact and ACL deficient knee using quantitative criteria. METHODS: Eight porcine knees were tested using a robotic testing system...
February 7, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187972/late-results-of-the-cox-maze-iv-procedure-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#10
Matthew R Schill, Farah N Musharbash, Vivek Hansalia, Jason W Greenberg, Spencer J Melby, Hersh S Maniar, Laurie A Sinn, Richard B Schuessler, Marc R Moon, Ralph J Damiano
OBJECTIVE: Most patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing cardiac surgery do not receive concomitant ablation. This study reviewed outcomes of patients with AF undergoing Cox-maze IV (CMIV) procedure with radiofrequency and cryoablation and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) at our institution. METHODS: Between the introduction of radiofrequency ablation in 2002 and 2015, 135 patients underwent left- or biatrial CMIV with CABG. Patients undergoing other cardiac procedures, except mitral valve repair, or who had emergent, reoperative, or off-pump procedures were excluded...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186565/demographics-treatment-and-outcomes-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-a-developing-country-the-population-based-turkish-atrial-fibrillation-traf-cohort
#11
Bünyamin Yavuz, Naim Ata, Emre Oto, Deniz Katircioglu-Öztürk, Kudret Aytemir, Banu Evranos, Rasim Koselerli, Emre Ertugay, Abdulkadir Burkan, Emrah Ertugay, Christ P Gale, A John Camm, Ali Oto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185584/unlocking-community-capability-through-promotion-of-self-help-for-health-experience-from-chakaria-bangladesh
#12
Abbas Bhuiya, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque
BACKGROUND: People's participation in health, enshrined in the 1978 Alma Ata declaration, seeks to tap into community capability for better health and empowerment. One mechanism to promote participation in health is through participatory action research (PAR) methods. Beginning in 1994, the Bangladeshi research organization ICDDR,B implemented a project "self-help for health," to work with existing rural self-help organizations (SHOs). SHOs are organizations formed by villagers for their well-being through their own initiatives without external material help...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176597/the-risk-of-iatrogenic-injury-to-anterior-tibial-artery-variations-during-tibial-nail-distal-interlocking
#13
Nathan J Fanter, Sandra E Inouye, Christopher W Beiser
INTRODUCTION: Tibial intramedullary nailing remains a common tibial fracture fixation method. Tibial nailing indications continue to expand. Neurovascular complications from tibial nailing have been described; however, the proximity of distal tibial locking bolts to the anterior tibial artery (ATA) variants has not. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 52 cadaveric legs were dissected identifying three common ATA variants. Each ATA variant received an intraluminal wire to facilitate fluoroscopic identification...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164569/comparison-of-a-novel-test-odak-brucella-coombs-gel-test-with-commonly-used-serological-tests-in-human-brucellosis
#14
Baris Ata Borsa, Mehmet Ersoy Aldag, Meric Yilmaz, Zeynep Gungordu Dalar, Veli Cengiz Ozalp
BACKGROUND: Since Brucellosis is difficult to diagnose based on clinical symptoms, the diagnosis mostly relies on the results of serological testing. ODAK Brucella Coombs Gel Test is a novel and rapid gel microcolumn agglutination test which is performed in microcolumns containing gel matrix and Coombs antibodies. In this study, we aimed to compare ODAK Brucella Coombs Gel Test with other commonly used serological tests. METHODS: 150 blood samples of patients, preliminarily diagnosed as Brucellosis, were included in this study...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160722/molecular-modeling-simulation-and-docking-study-of-ebola-virus-glycoprotein
#15
Nasir Ahmad, Aqsa Farman, Syed Lal Badshah, Ata Ur Rahman, Haroon Ur Rashid, Khalid Khan
Ebola virus (EBOV) is a filamentous, enveloped, non-segmented, negative-strand ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus which belongs to family Filoviridae. Ebola virus includes different glycoproteins each of which plays their roles in different aspects of viral life cycle. In this study secreted glycoprotein (Q7T9E0) of Ebola virus was acquired from Uniprot. The formation of alpha helix and beta sheets of secondary structures were predicted through online servers. Higher flexibility and disordered regions of proteins were determined through RONN, GLOBPLOT and DISSEMBLE...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157667/measuring-thermal-conductivity-of-thin-films-by-scanning-thermal-microscopy-combined-with-thermal-spreading-resistance-analysis
#16
J Juszczyk, A Kaźmierczak-Bałata, P Firek, J Bodzenta
While measuring the thermal properties of a thin film, one of the most often encountered problems is the influence of the substrate thermal properties on measured signal and the need for its separation. In this work an approach for determining the thermal conductivity κ of a thin layer is presented. It bases on Scanning Thermal Microscopy (SThM) measurement combined with thermal spreading resistance analysis for a system consisting of a single layer on a substrate. Presented approach allows to take into account the influence of the substrate thermal properties on SThM signal and to estimate the true value of a thin film κ...
January 27, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150725/allometric-scaling-of-decompression-sickness-risk-in-terrestrial-mammals-cardiac-output-explains-risk-of-decompression-sickness
#17
Andreas Fahlman
A probabilistic model was used to predict decompression sickness (DCS) outcome in pig (70 and 20 kg), hamster (100 g), rat (220 g) and mouse (20 g) following air saturation dives. The data set included 179 pig, 200 hamster, 360 rat, and 224 mouse exposures to saturation pressures ranging from 1.9-15.2 ATA and with varying decompression rates (0.9-156 ATA • min(-1)). Single exponential kinetics described the tissue partial pressures (Ptiss) of N2: Ptiss =  ∫(Pamb - Ptiss) • τ(-1) dt, where Pamb is ambient N2 pressure and τ is a time constant...
February 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149805/radioguided-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-patients-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#18
Mattia Portinari, Paolo Carcoforo
BACKGROUND: The ATA guidelines do not recommend prophylactic central compartment neck dissection in patients with T1-T2 papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) with no clinical evidence of lymph node metastasis, however patients' staging is recommended. Lymph node metastasis may be present also in small PTC, but preoperative ultrasound identifies suspicious cervical lymphadenopathy in 20-30% of patients. The role of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) remain open to debate. It has been shown that the identification rate of SLN in PTC patients is improved using a radiotracer compared to a dye technique...
December 2016: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149770/comparison-of-lens-oxidative-damage-induced-by-vitrectomy-and-or-hyperoxia-in-rabbits
#19
Hong Yan, Dan Wang, Tian-Bing Ding, Hai-Yan Zhou, Wei-Jia Yan, Xin-Chuan Wang
AIM: To compare of lens oxidative damage induced by vitrectomy and/or hyperoxia in rabbit. METHODS: Sixteen New Zealand rabbits (2.4-2.5 kg) were randomly divided into two groups (Group A, n=12; Group B, n=4). In Group A, the right eyes were treated with vitrectomy and systemic hyperoxia (oxygen concentration: 80%-85%, 1 ATA, 4h/d) (Group A-right), and the left eyes were treated with hyperoxia without vitrectomy surgery (Group A-left). Four rabbits in group B (eight eyes) were untreated as the controls...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149709/evaluation-of-a-health-promoting-schools-program-in-a-school-board-in-nova-scotia-canada
#20
Jessie-Lee D McIsaac, Tarra L Penney, Nicole Ata, Lori Munro-Sigfridson, Jane Cunningham, Paul J Veugelers, Kate Storey, Arto Ohinmaa, Sara F L Kirk, Stefan Kuhle
A Health promoting schools (HPS) approach aims to make schools a healthy place through a holistic approach that promotes a supportive 'school ethos' and emphasizes improvements in physical, social, and emotional well-being and educational outcomes. A HPS initiative in rural Nova Scotia (Canada) provided an opportunity for a population-level natural experiment. This study investigated student well-being and health behaviours between schools with and without HPS implementation and schools with high and low school ethos scores...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
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