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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147889/association-of-il-10-gene-polymorphism-819c%C3%A2-%C3%A2-t-592c%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-and-1082g%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-with-preterm-birth
#1
Monika Pandey, Shally Awasthi, Urmila Singh, Abbas Ali Mahdi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association of IL-10 gene and its polymorphisms with preterm birth (PTB). METHODS: Five hundred and fifty nine women with term birth and 559 with preterm birth were recruited from Lucknow, India. Genetic association analysis was conducted between cases and controls. Subjects recruited as cases were women (aged between 18-40 y) with singleton delivery before 37 wk of gestation and controls were with delivery after or on 37 wk. The genotyping was performed for rs1800871, rs1800872 and rs1800896 for assessing the allelic distribution, haplotypic association and linkage disequilibrium analysis...
November 17, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144811/concordance-of-preoperative-clinical-stage-with-pathological-stage-in-patients-%C3%A2-45-years-with-well-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#2
Natalie A Calcatera, Waseem Lutfi, Paritosh Suman, Nicholas R Suss, Chi-Hsiung Wang, Richard A Prinz, David J Winchester, Tricia A Moo-Young
OBJECTIVE: Clinical stage (cStage) in thyroid cancer determines extent of surgical therapy and completeness of resection. Pathologic stage (pStage) is an important determinant of outcome. The rate of discordance between clinical and pathologic stage in thyroid cancer is unknown. METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) was queried to identify 27,473 patients ≥45 years old with cStage I through IV differentiated thyroid cancer undergoing surgery from 2008-2012...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142549/comparison-of-pressure-vs-volume-controlled-ventilation-on-oxygenation-parameters-of-obese-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#3
Reza Movassagi, Majid Montazer, Ata Mahmoodpoor, Vahid Fattahi, Afshin Iranpour, Sarvin Sanaie
Background & Objective: There is no special guideline for the best ventilation mode during laparoscopic anesthesia in obese patients and there are too many studies with different controversial points. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of pressure controlled ventilation (PCV) vs. volume controlled ventilation (VCV) on respiratory and oxygenation parameters in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: Seventy patients with 30 <BMI<40 and ASA physical status I-II were studied in this randomized prospective trial...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142547/an-evaluation-of-thyroid-autoimmunity-in-patients-with-beta-thalassemia-minor-a-case-control-study
#4
Ali Ramazan Benli, Sati Sena Yildiz, Mehmet Ali Cikrikcioglu
Objective: The tendency to autoimmune diseases has been reported to be increased in beta thalassemia minor (BTM). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether thyroid autoimmunity is higher in BTM. Methods: Patients with BTM (n=86) and a healthy control group (n=93) were included in this cross-sectional case-control study. The two groups were compared in terms of anti-thyroglobulin (anti-TG) and anti-thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO) and thyroid hormones. Results: In the BTM group, thyroid hormones and serum anti-TG and anti-TPO antibody levels were not statistically different from those of the control group...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137733/three-dimensional-organometallic-thallium-i-supramolecular-polymer-nanostructures-synthesized-with-sonochemical-process
#5
Maryam Moeinian, Kamran Akhbari, Jaursup Boonmak, Sujittra Youngme
A new three-dimensional thallium(I) supramolecular polymer, [Tl2(μ2-ATA)]n (1), [H2ATA=2-aminoterephthalic acid], has been synthesized and characterized. The single-crystal X-ray data of compound 1 shows one type of Tl(I) ion with a low coordination number. Compound 1 was self-assembled from Tl⋯C, Tl⋯O and Tl⋯N secondary interactions in thallium(I) coordination and the active lone pair on Tl(I) in this compound may be involved in donor bonding. Two sides of the aromatic ring of ATA(2-) anion have been involved in two types of secondary Tl⋯C approaches...
March 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132181/protective-effects-of-quercetin-on-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-a-neonatal-rat-model
#6
Selçuk Yazıcı, Cansu Unden Ozcan, Adnan Adil Hismiogullari, Fatma Bahar Sunay, Teoman Ozcan, Emel Ataş Berksoy, Elif Aksoz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128044/incidence-of-left-ventricular-thrombus-in-patients-with-acute-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-treated-with-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#7
Tiffany F Mao, Ata Bajwa, Preetham Muskula, Tina R Coggins, Kevin Kennedy, Anthony Magalski, David G Skolnick, Michael L Main
Previous studies using 2-dimensional non-contrast echocardiography have reported a post-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) left ventricular (LV) thrombus incidence of 3% to 24%. However, these studies were not performed with ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs), which improve accuracy in the diagnosis of LV thrombus. We aimed to determine the early incidence and clinical correlates of LV thrombus in a large consecutive cohort of patients with STEMI. This study included consecutive patients admitted to Saint Luke's Mid America Heart Institute with STEMI who also underwent early percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and an echocardiogram...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123439/thoracoscopic-treatment-of-pulmonary-hydatid-cysts-may-have-a-high-morbidity-risk-in-children-retrospective-analysis
#8
Zafer Dokumcu, Serkan Arslan, Emre Divarci, Ata Erdener, Coskun Ozcan
Objective: Thoracoscopic treatment of pulmonary hydatid cyst (PHC) has been considered to be a good treatment option in both children and adults for nearly 25 years. However, there have been very few pediatric studies published during this period. Our goal is to review our results and evaluate the efficiency of thorascopy in pediatric patients. Materials and Methods: The medical records of patients with PHC who were surgically treated between 2005 and 2015 were reviewed...
October 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121114/cd4-levels-control-the-odds-of-induction-of-humoral-immune-responses-to-tracer-doses-of-therapeutic-antibodies
#9
Sharat Srinivasula, Erin Gabriel, Insook Kim, Paula DeGrange, Alexis St Claire, Candace Mallow, Robert E Donahue, Chang Paik, H C Lane, Michele Di Mascio
Rapidly increasing number of therapeutic antibodies are being repurposed to imaging probes for noninvasive diagnosis, as well as monitoring during treatment or disease recurrence. Though antibody-based imaging involves tracer doses (~3 log lower than therapeutic doses), and immune responses are severely reduced in patients with impaired immunity, formation of anti-tracer antibodies (ATA) has been observed hampering further diagnostic monitoring. Here, we explored the potential to develop humoral responses to intravenously administered tracer dose of a monoclonal antibody F(ab΄)2 fragment, and associated with host related immune measures in 49 rhesus macaques categorized into healthy (uninfected controls), SIV-progressors, SIV non-progressors, or total body irradiated (TBI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114524/effect-of-acute-and-chronic-exercise-on-plasma-matrix-metalloproteinase-and-total-antioxidant-levels
#10
Melek Tunc-Ata, Mukaddes Mergen-Dalyanoglu, Sebahat Turgut, Günfer Turgut
The relationship between acute and chronic exercise and expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in muscles is unknown. There happen some alterations in the oxidant-antioxidant balance due to exercise. This study aimed to investigate the levels of MMP-1, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP-1), hyaluronic acid (HA), total antioxidant status (TAS), and total oxidant status (TOS) following acute and chronic exercising in rats. Twenty-six Wistar Albino male rats were divided in to three groups: control, acute, and chronic groups...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113554/laboratory-services-for-managing-thyroid-disease-different-and-common-viewpoints-of-ata-and-aacc-members
#11
Stefan Grebe, Alicia Algeciras
We surveyed American Thyroid Association members and members of the Endocrine Division of the American Association of Clinical Chemistry as to what they perceived as priorities for thyroid laboratory services. The response rates were 16% and 25%, respectively. While there was agreement between the groups with regards to a number of items, there were also some differences, in particular with regards to diagnostic algorithms, optimization of result reporting, interest in the role of mass spectrometry and importance of accuracy and reproducibility of results...
November 7, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112926/fabrication-of-mn3o4-carbon-nanotube-composites-with-high-areal-capacitance-using-cationic-and-anionic-dispersants
#12
M S Ata, J Milne, I Zhitomirsky
Mn3O4-multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) electrodes for supercapacitors with high active mass loadings have been fabricated with the goal of achieving a high area normalized capacitance (CS) and enhanced capacitance retention at high charge-discharge rates. Poly(4-styrenesulfonic acid-co-maleic acid) sodium salt P(SSA-MA) was used as a charging and dispersing agent for the fabrication of Mn3O4. The unique bonding properties of the MA monomers allowed efficient P(SSA-MA) adsorption on Mn3O4, whereas SSA monomers imparted a negative charge...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108364/the-impact-of-post-radioiodine-therapy-spect-ct-on-early-risk-stratification-in-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-a-bi-institutional-study
#13
Szabina Szujo, Livia Sira, Laszlo Bajnok, Beata Bodis, Ferenc Gyory, Orsolya Nemes, Karoly Rucz, Peter Kenyeres, Zsuzsanna Valkusz, Krisztian Sepp, Erzsebet Schmidt, Zsuszanna Szabo, Sarolta Szekeres, Katalin Zambo, Sandor Barna, Endre V Nagy, Emese Mezosi
Objective: SPECT/CT has numerous advantages over planar and traditional SPECT images. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of post-radioiodine therapy SPECT/CT of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) in early risk classification and in prediction of late prognosis. Patients and methods: 323 consecutive patients were investigated after their first radioiodine treatment (1100-3700 MBq). Both whole body scan and SPECT/CT images of the head, neck, chest and abdomen regions were taken 4-6 days after radioiodine therapy...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103340/immunogenicity-of-branched-polyethylene-glycol-modified-interferon-alpha
#14
Weidong Zhou, Daru Lu, Xiaojin Liao, Lu Zhuang, Li Sun
AIM: To assess the immunogenicity of Peginterferon alpha-2 b(Pegberon) and its effect on the efficacy and safety in phase III clinical trial, by comparing it with the control drug Pegasys. METHODS: 770 patients were recruited in total. 509 were treated with Pegberon plus ribavirin and 261 were treated with Pegasys plus ribavirin. After treatment of 12 and 24 weeks, plasma samples were collected from individual patients for detecting the anti-therapeutic antibodies (ATA) and hepatitis C RNA(HCV RNA), to evaluate the production of antibodies and their adverse effect on the efficacy and safety of the treatments...
November 6, 2017: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100016/urinary-versus-plasma-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-ngal-as-a-predictor-of-mortality-for-acute-kidney-injury-in-intensive-care-unit-patients
#15
Ata Mahmoodpoor, Hadi Hamishehkar, Vahid Fattahi, Sarvin Sanaie, Pradeep Arora, Nader D Nader
OBJECTIVE: To examine urinary and plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels in predicting ICU mortality. DESIGN: Prospective observational. SETTING: University Critical Care setting. PARTICIPANTS: 50 patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Serial urinary and plasma concentrations of NGAL were measured...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098383/repeatability-assessment-of-anterior-segment-biometric-measurements-under-accommodative-and-nonaccommodative-conditions-using-an-anterior-segment-oct
#16
Noelia Martínez-Albert, Jose J Esteve-Taboada, Robert Montés-Micó
PURPOSE: As accommodation is a dynamic process changing anterior ocular structures, we aim to compare the repeatability between the biometric measurements taken with and without accommodation. METHODS: Thirty healthy right eyes were measured in a baseline and an accommodative state using Visante-OCT. Three repeated measurements were taken to obtain central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), angle-to-angle distance (ATA), iridocorneal angles (IA), and crystalline lens thickness (LT)...
November 2, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091681/experimental-investigation-of-thermal-effects-in-laser-nanofluid-interaction-by-moir%C3%A3-technique
#17
Shahrzad Shahrabi Farahani, Khosro Madanipour, Ata Koohian
Interaction of a CW laser with a nonlinear medium leads to some thermal phenomena. Thermal lensing, which changes the distribution of the refractive index of the medium in the interacting area, is the most important phenomenon among them. Moiré deflectometry is a known technique for measuring the profile of refractive index. In this work, by using nonscanning moiré deflectometry, the refractive index profile in the interaction region of a graphene oxide nanofluid sample and a green CW laser is measured. Using the thermal diffusion equation, the thermo-optical coefficient is calculated...
November 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091005/thyroid-nodules-with-nondiagnostic-cytologic-results-follow-up-management-using-ultrasound-patterns-based-on-the-2015-american-thyroid-association-guidelines
#18
Chae Jung Park, Eun-Kyung Kim, Hee Jung Moon, Jung Hyun Yoon, Vivian Youngjean Park, Jin Young Kwak
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the malignancy rate of nodules with nondiagnostic cytologic results based on the American Thyroid Association (ATA) ultrasound (US) patterns and to suggest management guidelines for these nodules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2013 to December 2014, 441 nodules (≥ 1 cm) were found in 437 patients with nondiagnostic results of ultrasound (US)-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (nondiagnostic nodules)...
November 1, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083016/comparison-of-lung-function-values-of-trained-divers-in-1-5-ata-hyperbaric-chamber-after-inhaling-100-oxygen-and-regular-air-a-crossover-study
#19
Muhammad Irfan Ilmi, Faisal Yunus, Muhammad Guritno, Triya Damayanti, Erlang Samoedro, Ahmad Muslim Nazaruddin, Fariz Nurwidya
INTRODUCTION: Diving is an activity performed in more than 1 atmosphere absolute pressure (ATA) either underwater or in a hyperbaric chamber. We aimed to compare lung function values of trained divers in 1.5 ATA hyperbaric chambers after inhaling 100% oxygen and regular air. METHODS: This experimental study with crossover design involved 18 trained divers in 1.5 ATA hyperbaric room, which is equivalents to a 5-meter depth. The eighteen subjects as the supplementation group, using oro-nasal mask, inhaled 100% oxygen for 30 minutes followed by a one-day washout period...
October 30, 2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080082/impact-of-interhospital-transfer-on-outcomes-in-non-emergency-colorectal-surgery
#20
Stephen P Sharp, Daniel J Schuster, Ashar Ata, Brian T Valerian, Jonathan J Canete, A David Chismark, Edward C Lee
BACKGROUND: A paucity of data exists on the impact of transfer status on outcomes for patients undergoing non-emergency (urgent) colorectal surgery. This study characterized transferred patients undergoing urgent colorectal surgery and determined which patient comorbidities significantly contributed to poor outcomes. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2012 to 2013 was used. Urgent direct admissions undergoing colon, rectum, or small bowel operations were compared to urgent transfers using bivariate and multivariable analysis models...
October 27, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
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