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Spinal glioblastoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718432/impact-of-h3-3-k27m-mutation-on-prognosis-and-survival-of-grade-iv-spinal-cord-glioma-on-the-basis-of-new-2016-world-health-organization-classification-of-the-central-nervous-system
#1
Seong Yi, Sunkyu Choi, Dong Ah Shin, Du Su Kim, Junjeong Choi, Yoon Ha, Keung Nyun Kim, Chang-Ok Suh, Jong Hee Chang, Se Hoon Kim, Do Heum Yoon
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord glioma grade IV is a rare, diffuse midline glioma. H3 K27M-mutant was classified in a different entity in the 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification recently. No reports about prognosis of spinal cord glioma grade IV are available yet. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prognostic factors for spinal cord glioma grade IV. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with spinal cord glioma of grade IV who underwent surgery in a single institute were selected...
May 1, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708252/dna-aptamers-from-whole-cell-selex-as-new-diagnostic-agents-against-glioblastoma-multiforme-cells
#2
Qiaoyi Wu, Yuzhe Wang, Hongyao Wang, Liang Wu, Huimin Zhang, Yanling Song, Zhi Zhu, Dezhi Kang, Chaoyong Yang
Glioma is a cancer derived from transformed glial cells, which are often invasive and display a heterogeneous cell population. Currently, no trustworthy biomarkers for the detection and risk stratification of glioma have been discovered. The objective of the present research was to select DNA aptamers to facilitate early diagnosis and effective therapy of glioma. Using cell-SELEX, three aptamers (WYZ-37, WYZ-41, WYZ-50), which can specifically recognize the molecular differences between target cells T98G and negative cells SVGp12, were identified...
April 30, 2018: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663743/intraspinal-intradural-nodular-fasciitis-mimicking-glioblastoma-metastasis-a-case-report
#3
Carl Moritz Zipser, Lars Füllbier, Rudi Beschorner, Hans Bösmüller, Ulf Ziemann, Marcos Soares Tatagiba, Ghazaleh Tabatabai, Benjamin Bender, Felix Behling
We report the case of a 78-year-old male patient suffering from right temporal glioblastoma with radiographic meningeal tumor spread. During the further course of the disease he developed a rapidly progressive paraplegia. An magnetic resonance imaging scan showed a contrast enhancing an intraspinal intradural lesion with compression of the myelon on segment Th 8/9. With a high suspicion of a spinal metastasis of the known glioblastoma, emergency spinal decompression and resection of the intradural mass was performed...
2018: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613896/neoplastic-myelopathies
#4
Jing Wu, Surabhi Ranjan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article discusses the diagnosis and management of neoplasms that affect the spinal cord as well as spinal cord disorders that can occur due to cancer treatments. RECENT FINDINGS: Neoplastic myelopathies are uncommon neurologic disorders but cause significant morbidity when they occur. Primary spinal cord tumors can be classified into intramedullary, intradural extramedullary, or extradural tumors. Diffuse gliomas and ependymal tumors are the most common intramedullary tumors...
April 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599982/solitary-primary-intracranial-leptomeningeal-glioblastoma-invading-the-normal-cortex-case-report
#5
Takamichi Katsuhara, Nobuhiro Moro, Takashi Ohta, Taku Homma, Atsuo Yoshino
Solitary primary intracranial leptomeningeal glioma (PLG) is a rare entity of glioma. PLG arises from the heterotopic glial tissue in the subarachnoid space and usually grows there without parenchymal invasion. The present study reported a case of solitary PLG, pathologically diagnosed as glioblastoma, that invaded the temporal cortex and finally disseminated to the spinal cord. A 55-year-old woman had headaches and visited Nihon University, Itabashi Hospital. Head magnetic resonance imaging showed a solid mass mainly located in the right middle fossa extending to the frontal base with strong enhancement effect after contrast medium injection...
March 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528867/literature-review-of-spinal-cord-glioblastoma
#6
Joshua J Timmons, Kisa Zhang, Johnson Fong, Edwin Lok, Kenneth D Swanson, Shiva Gautam, Eric T Wong
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aims to investigate spinal cord glioblastoma (scGBM) and correlations between patient traits and survival outcome, as well as differences in cohorts administered temozolomide or total resections, through an analysis of published cases reported up to October 2016. METHODS: We obtained patient data by querying PubMed and Google Scholar with predetermined search terms and inclusion criteria that enabled the identification of relevant case reports...
March 9, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393845/h3-k27m-mutant-gliomas-in-adults-vs-children-share-similar-histological-features-and-adverse-prognosis
#7
Bette K Kleinschmidt-DeMasters, Jean M Mulcahy Levy
BACKGROUND: H3 K27M mutation was originally described in pediatric diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPGs), but has been recently recognized to occur also in adult midline diffuse gliomas, as well as midline tumors with other morphologies, including gangliogliomas (GGs), anaplastic GGs, pilocytic astrocytomas (PAs), and posterior fossa ependymomas. In a few patients with H3 K27M;mutant tumors with these alternate morphologies, longer survival has been reported, making grading difficult for the neuropathologist...
March 2018: Clinical Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284526/postoperative-extracranial-metastasis-from-glioblastoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Wenjiao Wu, Dequan Zhong, Zhan Zhao, Wentao Wang, Jun Li, Wei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma is the most common primary malignant brain tumor. Extraneural metastases are rarely reported in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 38-year-old patient who was diagnosed with glioblastoma in 2015. Four months after surgery, local relapse was found and the patient received a second surgery. After another 4 months, we found a hard mass in the right posterior neck when she admitted to our department for fourth cycle of adjuvant chemotherapy...
December 29, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180077/expression-of-cd133-as-a-putative-prognostic-biomarker-to-predict-intracranial-dissemination-of-primary-spinal-cord-astrocytoma
#9
Tomoo Inoue, Toshiki Endo, Taigen Nakamura, Ichiyo Shibahara, Hidenori Endo, Teiji Tominaga
OBJECTIVE: Spinal cord astrocytoma with intracranial dissemination carries a poor prognosis. The mechanisms leading to dissemination remain to be elucidated. A stem cell marker, CD133, was reported to predict recurrence patterns in intracranial glioblastoma. We evaluated the significance of CD133 as a putative prognostic biomarker to predict intracranial dissemination in spinal cord astrocytoma. METHODS: This study included 14 consecutive patients with primary spinal cord astrocytoma treated from 1998 to 2014...
February 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104839/thoracic-spinal-cord-glioblastoma-mimicking-epidural-abscess-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Rudy Marciano, Zubair Ahammad, Victor Awuor
Spinal cord glioblastoma (SG) accounts for 1.5% of all spinal tumors and has a poor prognosis with survival ranging from 2 to 26 months from presentation. A 57-year-old male presented with one week of paraparesis and contrasted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of an epidural enhancing thoracic mass suspicious for an epidural abscess. Intraoperative and pathologic findings revealed SG. Spinal cord tumors can mimic epidural abscess on MRI. When planning to address extradural spinal pathologies, one should be cognizant of the potential for either isolated or concurrent intradural pathologies...
August 31, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026670/rare-case-of-conus-medullaris-glioblastoma-multiforme-in-a-teenager
#11
Lakhdar Fayçal, Bougrine Mouna, El Abbadi Najia
BACKGROUND: Primary intramedullary spinal glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) lesions are very rare comprising only 1.5% of all spinal cord tumors. These lesions typically result in rapid neurological deterioration and are associated with a very poor prognosis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 16-year-old male exhibited a slowly progressive paraparesis with urinary incontinence, ultimately resulting in paraplegia. On magnetic resonance (MR), he was diagnosed with an intramedullary GBM of the spinal cord extending from the T9 level through the conus medullaris...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973691/high-grade-glioma-is-not-a-feature-of-neurofibromatosis-type-2-in-the-unirradiated-patient
#12
Andrew T King, Scott A Rutherford, Charlotte Hammerbeck-Ward, Simon K Lloyd, Simon M Freeman, Omar N Pathmanaban, Monica Rodriguez-Valero, Owen M Thomas, Roger D Laitt, Stavros Stivaros, Mark Kellett, D Gareth Evans
BACKGROUND: The Manchester criteria for neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) include a range of tumors, and gliomas were incorporated in the original description. The gliomas are now widely accepted to be predominantly spinal cord ependymomas. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether these gliomas include any cases of malignant glioma (WHO grade III and IV) through a database review. METHODS: The prospective database consists of 1253 patients with NF2. 1009 are known to be alive at last follow-up...
July 21, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890010/lumbosacral-subdural-hematoma-after-glioblastoma-multiforme-resection-possible-radiographic-evidence-for-the-downward-migration-of-intracranial-blood
#13
Gabriella M Paisan, Thomas J Buell, Daniel Raper, Ashok Asthagiri
BACKGROUND: Spinal subdural hematomas (SSDHs) are rare and usually associated with bleeding diatheses, trauma, iatrogenic injury, spinal vascular malformations, or intraspinal tumors. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a case of a 75-year-old man who developed a symptomatic lumbosacral SSDH after undergoing resection of a right temporal glioblastoma multiforme. The patient subsequently recovered and was discharged home. Over the next 2 weeks, he developed progressively worsening symptoms of lower back pain, lower extremity weakness, and urinary retention...
December 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870453/spinal-cord-tumors-in-children-a-review-of-21-cases-treated-at-the-same-institution
#14
I Merlot, J Francois, J-C Marchal, A Joud, R Guerbouz, P Chastagner, O Klein
INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord tumors in children (SCTC) are rare with a frequent diagnostic delay. Its management is multidisciplinary and challenging due to functional implications. The position of surgery is now better established but the role and timing of chemotherapy (CT) and radiotherapy (RT) still remains under debate. Adverse effects of treatments are important to be taken into account, in the follow-up of these children. The aim of this paper was to present a series of 21 cases of SCTC treated at the same institution, to briefly present clinical features, treatments and outcome, with a special focus on spinal deformities in children with this condition...
September 1, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840068/a-case-of-symptomatic-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-after-high-volume-lumbar-puncture
#15
Thomas Noh, Rahul Chandra, Jimmy Kim, Ian Lee
BACKGROUND: Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are rare lesions that lead to venous congestion and ischemic injury resulting in neurologic deterioration. Here we present a patient diagnosed with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) who became symptomatic from a spinal DAVF after a diagnostic high-volume lumbar puncture (LP). CASE DESCRIPTION: When a 72-year-old female developed partial seizures in her left upper extremity without other focal neurological deficits, she underwent a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the brain...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829151/validation-of-an-immunohistochemistry-assay-for-detection-of-cd155-the-poliovirus-receptor-in-malignant-gliomas
#16
Vidyalakshmi Chandramohan, Jeffrey D Bryant, Hailan Piao, Stephen T Keir, Eric S Lipp, Michaela Lefaivre, Kathryn Perkinson, Darell D Bigner, Matthias Gromeier, Roger E McLendon
CONTEXT: - The oncolytic polio-rhinovirus recombinant (PVSRIPO) has demonstrated promise in currently ongoing phase I/II clinical trials against recurrent glioblastoma and was granted breakthrough therapy designation by the Food and Drug Administration/Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research. A reliable clinical assay to document expression of the poliovirus receptor, CD155, in routinely available patient tumor samples is needed for continued clinical development of PVSRIPO oncolytic immunotherapy in primary brain tumors and beyond...
December 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732416/primary-spinal-cord-glioblastoma-multiforme-a-rare-but-uniformly-fatal-neoplasm
#17
LETTER
G Lakshmi Prasad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634861/retraction-note-to-the-critical-role-of-srpk1-in-emt-of-human-glioblastoma-in-the-spinal-cord
#18
Zhengbu Liao, Jing Wu, Mingjun Wu, Yi Yan, Haiquan Wang, Chongjie Cheng, Wenyuan Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611074/cervical-spinal-glioblastoma-multiforme-in-the-elderly
#19
Dmitri Shastin, Ryan K Mathew, Azzam Ismail, Gerry Towns
Spinal glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is uncommon, and its diagnosis may be challenging. This is especially true in the elderly population. Best management strategy remains to be defined. The purpose of this report is to document this rare condition, increase awareness (as a potential differential diagnosis) and propose treatment options in the elderly; a review of the relevant literature is included. A biopsy may be beneficial in given circumstances as cervical spinal GBM carries a better prognosis compared with intramedullary metastasis...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512411/spinal-intradural-intramedullary-dissemination-in-the-absence-of-intracranial-relapse-of-a-previously-radically-treated-temporal-lobe-glioblastoma-multiforme
#20
Lucas Serrano, Eleftherios Archavlis, Elke Januschek, Pavel Timofeev, Peter Ulrich
Intracranial glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) constitutes the most frequent and unfortunately aggressive primary central nervous system malignancy. Despite the high tendency of these tumors to show local relapse within the brain after primary therapy, dissemination into the spinal axis is an infrequent event. If spinal metastases occur they are leptomeningeal in the vast majority of cases and always in the context of intracranial progressive disease. Spinal intramedullary metastases of intracranial GBM have rarely been described to date...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
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