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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244842/intensive-care-treatments-associated-with-favorable-discharge-outcomes-in-argentine-children-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-for-the-south-american-guideline-adherence-group
#1
Monica S Vavilala, Silvia B Lujan, Qian Qiu, Michael J Bell, Nicolás M Ballarini, Nahuel Guadagnoli, María Alejandra Depetris, Gabriela A Faguaga, Gloria M Baggio, Leonardo O Busso, Mirta E García, Osvaldo R González Carrillo, Paula L Medici, Silvia S Sáenz, Elida E Vanella, Carly K Farr, Gustavo J Petroni
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the critical care management of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) in low middle income countries. We aimed to identify indicators of intensive care unit (ICU) treatments associated with favorable outcomes in Argentine children with severe TBI. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from patients previously enrolled in a prospective seven center study of children with severe TBI who were admitted to an ICU in one of the seven study centers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244157/evaluation-of-lambda-cyhalothrin-and-pyriproxyfen-barrier-treatments-for-aedes-albopictus-diptera-culicidae-management-in-urbanized-areas-of-new-jersey
#2
Isik Unlu, Gregory M Williams, Ilia Rochlin, Devi Suman, Yi Wang, Kshitij Chandel, Randy Gaugler
Mosquito control programs in the United States are still searching for best management practices to control the Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus (Skuse; Diptera: Culicidae). Most intervention methods for this species are either labor intensive (e.g., source reduction) or short-term (e.g., ultra-low-volume adulticiding). We investigated the effectiveness of barrier spray pesticide applications within urban and suburban residential yards in New Jersey as a control strategy using a before-after-control-impact (BACI) approach...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244125/discourse-features-among-providers-patients-and-companions-and-their-effect-on-outcomes-of-dementia-diagnosis-disclosure
#3
Matthew J Wynn, Brian D Carpenter
Objectives: Receiving a diagnosis of dementia has major implications. Although protocols for disclosing difficult information have been developed for other health conditions, no such evidence-based method exists for dementia. As a step toward that goal, this study analyzed the discourse within dementia diagnosis disclosure sessions to identify conversational features associated with psychological outcomes. Method: The Roter Interaction Analysis System (RIAS) was used to code the discourse among patients, their companions, and providers during 84 dementia diagnosis disclosure sessions following an initial evaluation at an Alzheimer's Disease Research Center...
December 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244119/is-social-work-prepared-for-diversity-in-hospice-and-palliative-care
#4
Christine M Rine
The purpose of this article is to assess current and future trends in hospice and palliative care with the objective of informing culturally appropriate best practice for social work. Concern for the intersectionality of racial, ethnic, social, and other differences in end-of-life (EOL) care is imperative given the ever growing range of diversity characteristics among the increasing aging populations in the United States. A review of literature from the current decade that is pertinent to the profession contributes to the ability of social work to consider evidence and build agreement germane to EOL practice settings...
December 13, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244105/the-gendered-health-workforce-mixed-methods-analysis-from-four-fragile-and-post-conflict-contexts
#5
Sophie Witter, Justine Namakula, Haja Wurie, Yotamu Chirwa, Sovanarith So, Sreytouch Vong, Bandeth Ros, Stephen Buzuzi, Sally Theobald
It is well known that the health workforce composition is influenced by gender relations. However, little research has been done which examines the experiences of health workers through a gender lens, especially in fragile and post-conflict states. In these contexts, there may not only be opportunities to (re)shape occupational norms and responsibilities in the light of challenges in the health workforce, but also threats that put pressure on resources and undermine gender balance, diversity and gender responsive human resources for health (HRH)...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243912/laser-printed-in-plane-micro-supercapacitors-from-symmetric-to-asymmetric-structure
#6
Gui-Wen Huang, Na Li, Yi Du, Qing-Ping Feng, Hong-Mei Xiao, Xing-Hua Wu, Shao-Yun Fu
Here we propose and demonstrate a complete solution for efficiently fabricating in-plane micro-supercapacitors (MSCs) from symmetric to asymmetric structure. By using an original laser printing process, symmetric MSC with reduced graphene oxide (rGO) / silver nanowires (Ag-NWs) hybrid electrodes was facilely fabricated and a high areal capacitance of 5.5 mF cm-2 was achieved, which reaches the best reports on graphene-based MSCs. More importantly, a "print-and-fold" method has been creatively proposed that enabled the rapidly manufacturing of asymmetric in-plane MSCs beyond the traditional cumbersome technologies...
December 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243880/review-article-best-practice-management-of-common-knee-injuries-in-the-emergency-department-part-3-of-the-musculoskeletal-injuries-rapid-review-series
#7
REVIEW
Kirsten Strudwick, Megan McPhee, Anthony Bell, Melinda Martin-Khan, Trevor Russell
Knee injuries are a common presentation to the ED and are often difficult to assess and definitively diagnose due to the patient's acute pain, effusion and guarding. The quality of ED care provided to patients with fractures or soft tissue injuries of the knee is critical to ensure the best possible outcomes for the patient. This rapid review investigated best practice for the assessment and management of common knee injuries in the ED. Databases were searched in 2017, including PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, TRIP and the grey literature, including relevant organisational websites...
December 15, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243565/finding-the-best-evidence-to-support-care-of-students-with-chronic-conditions-clue-2-acquire
#8
Catherine F Yonkaitis, Erin D Maughan
Every day, school nurses make practice decisions that impact the care provided to school children. Our professional standards require that we stay up to date with best practice options, yet there is neither time nor money to attend a continuing education offering for every practice concern we encounter. Learning how to acquire the evidence that leads to best practice can ensure our practice is current and that our students have the best chance to have positive health and academic outcomes. This article explains where to find good evidence and how to access it...
January 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243497/preventing-recurrent-events-in-survivors-of-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-australia-consensus-recommendations-using-the-delphi-process
#9
Christopher J Hammett, John Amerena, David Brieger, Andrew Sindone, Peter L Thompson, Matthew I Worthley, Philip E Aylward
OBJECTIVE: There remain substantial gaps in implementation of evidence-based care in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in Australia, which contribute to high recurrent event rates. Improved translation of evidence into effective action is a key health-care priority. We engaged cardiovascular experts from across Australia to develop straightforward, easily actionable recommendations on key medications to use following ACS. METHODS: An eight-person steering committee (SC) reviewed the published evidence and developed an initial set of statements to be developed into consensus recommendations using a modified Delphi technique...
December 15, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243429/-effects-of-different-drying-methods-on-content-of-bioactive-component-and-antioxidant-activity-in-lycium-ruthenicum
#10
Xia Zhang, Fang Zhang, Xiao-Juan Gao, Jing-Jiao Yong, Wen-Hua Zhang, Jian-Jun Zhao, Han-Qing Wang
To compare the appearances, tastes, contents of bioactive components and antioxidant activity of Lyceum ruthenicum under different drying methods, so as to direct its production practice. The folin-phenol colorimetric method, UV, extinction coefficient method and DPPH, as well as fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) method to determine the contents of polyphenols, proanthocyanidins, total anthocyanin and antioxidant activity under different drying methods: vacuum freeze drying, low-temperature oven drying and air drying for L...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243398/venous-leg-ulcer-management-in-clinical-practice-in-the-uk-costs-and-outcomes
#11
Julian F Guest, Graham W Fuller, Peter Vowden
The aim of this study was to estimate the patterns of care and annual levels of health care resource use attributable to managing venous leg ulcers (VLUs) in clinical practice by the UK's National Health Service (NHS) and the associated costs of patient management. This was a retrospective cohort analysis of the records of 505 patients in The Health Improvement Network (THIN) Database. Patients' characteristics, wound-related health outcomes and health care resource use were quantified, and the total NHS cost of patient management was estimated at 2015/2016 prices...
December 15, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243135/the-simplest-acquisition-protocol-is-sometimes-the-best-protocol-performing-and-learning-a-1-2-bimanual-coordination-task
#12
Stefan Panzer, Deanna Kennedy, Chaoyi Wang, Charles H Shea
An experiment was conducted to determine if the performance and learning of a multi-frequency (1:2) coordination pattern between the limbs are enhanced when a model is provided prior to each acquisition trial. Research has indicated very effective performance of a wide variety of bimanual coordination tasks when Lissajous plots with goal templates are provided, but this research has also found that participants become dependent on this information and perform quite poorly when it is withdrawn. The present experiment was designed to test three forms of modeling (Lissajous with template, Lissajous without template, and limb model), but in each situations, the model was presented prior to practice and not available during the performance of the task...
December 14, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243033/incontinence-associated-dermatitis-pathogenesis-contributing-factors-prevention-and-management-options
#13
Hilde Beele, Steven Smet, Nele Van Damme, Dimitri Beeckman
Incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) is a common type of irritant contact dermatitis, seen in patients with urinary or faecal incontinence. Mechanical factors such as traumata and friction may aggravate the lesions. The fragile skin in elderly patients is more prone to developing IAD. The clinical picture of IAD consists of persistent redness on the one hand and skin loss on the other. Both categories may be associated with clinical signs of major colonisation or infection. It is important to distinguish IAD from pressure ulcers and other dermatoses in the genital region...
December 14, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242700/lidar-guided-archaeological-survey-of-a-mediterranean-landscape-lessons-from-the-ancient-greek-polis-of-kolophon-ionia-western-anatolia
#14
Benedikt Grammer, Erich Draganits, Martin Gretscher, Ulrike Muss
In 2013, an airborne laser scan survey was conducted in the territory of the Ionian city of Kolophon near the western coast of modern Turkey as part of an archaeological survey project carried out by the Mimar Sinan University of Istanbul (Turkey) and the University of Vienna (Austria). Several light detection and ranging (LiDAR) studies have been carried out in the temperate climate zones of Europe, but only a few in Mediterranean landscapes. Our study is based on the first LiDAR survey carried out for an archaeological purpose in Turkey and one of the first in the Mediterranean that have been planned, measured and filtered especially for archaeological research questions...
October 2017: Archaeological Prospection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242131/knowledge-translation-the-bridging-function-of-cochrane-rehabilitation
#15
Stefano Negrini, Francesca Gimigliano, Chiara Arienti, Carlotte Kiekens
Cochrane Rehabilitation is aimed to ensure that all rehabilitation professionals can apply Evidence Based Clinical Practice and take decisions according to the best and most appropriate evidence in this specific field, combining the best available evidence as gathered by high quality Cochrane systematic reviews, with their own clinical expertise and the values of patients. This mission can be pursued through Knowledge Translation. The aim of this paper is to shortly present what Knowledge Translation is, how and why Cochrane (previously known as Cochrane Collaboration) is trying to reorganize itself in light of Knowledge Translation, and the relevance that this process has for Cochrane Rehabilitation and in the end for the whole world of Rehabilitation...
December 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242115/using-factorial-experimental-design-to-evaluate-the-separation-of-plastics-by-froth-flotation
#16
Davide Salerno, Helga Jordão, Floriana La Marca, M Teresa Carvalho
This paper proposes the use of factorial experimental design as a standard experimental method in the application of froth flotation to plastic separation instead of the commonly used OVAT method (manipulation of one variable at a time). Furthermore, as is common practice in minerals flotation, the parameters of the kinetic model were used as process responses rather than the recovery of plastics in the separation products. To explain and illustrate the proposed methodology, a set of 32 experimental tests was performed using mixtures of two polymers with approximately the same density, PVC and PS (with mineral charges), with particle size ranging from 2 to 4 mm...
December 11, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242047/trans-esophageal-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-needle-aspiration-eus-b-na-a-road-map-for-the-chest-physician
#17
A Bugalho, M de Santis, A Slubowski, A Rozman, R Eberhardt
The endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) scope has been increasingly used in the gastrointestinal tract (EUS-B). Scientific data proves its efficacy and safety to provide a complete lung cancer staging, when combined with EBUS-TBNA, and in the diagnosis of para-esophageal lesions. There are multiple barriers to start performing EUS-B but probably the most important ones are related to knowledge and training, so new operators should follow a structured training curriculum. This review aims to reflect the best current knowledge regarding EUS-B and provide a road map to assist those who are incorporating the technique into their clinical practice...
December 11, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242018/current-practice-in-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hipec-for-metastatic-peritoneal-disease-spanish-multicentric-survey
#18
Rafael Morales-Soriano, Neus Esteve-Pérez, Juan José Segura-Sampedro, Pedro Cascales-Campos, Pedro Barrios
INTRODUCTION: Radical Cytoreductive Surgery (CRS) with Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC), has been proposed as the current standard of treatment for metastatic peritoneal disease by several tumors. Despite its widely utilization, there seems to be a great variability in their organization, clinical practice, and safety among centers. AIM OF THE STUDY: To obtain updated information on clinical practice in different perioperative areas of the CRS-HIPEC...
December 6, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241958/time-to-appendectomy-for-acute-appendicitis-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Danielle B Cameron, Regan Williams, Yimin Geng, Ankush Gosain, Meghan A Arnold, Yigit S Guner, Martin L Blakely, Cynthia D Downard, Adam B Goldin, Julia Grabowski, Dave R Lal, Roshni Dasgupta, Robert Baird, Robert L Gates, Julia Shelton, Tim Jancelewicz, Shawn J Rangel, Mary T Austin
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this systematic review by the American Pediatric Surgical Association Outcomes and Evidence-Based Practice Committee was to develop recommendations regarding time to appendectomy for acute appendicitis in children within the context of preventing adverse events, reducing cost, and optimizing patient/parent satisfaction. METHODS: The committee selected three questions that were addressed by searching MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library databases for English language articles published between January 1, 1970 and November 3, 2016...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241681/validation-of-scratching-severity-as-an-objective-assessment-for-itch
#20
Jeremy Udkoff, Jonathan I Silverberg
There are currently no simple, standardized, objective assessments of itch for clinical trials and practice. We sought to validate and test the severity of scratching as an objective measure of itch (4-point ordinal scale ranging from 0 [not present] to 3 [very prominent] based on the observation of scratching lesions). We performed a prospective outpatient study using questionnaires and evaluations by a dermatologist in adults with atopic dermatitis (AD) (n=261). Severity of scratching best correlated with patient-reported global AD severity (Kendal's Tau=0...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
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