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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531254/frailty-status-at-admission-to-hospital-predicts-multiple-adverse-outcomes
#1
Ruth E Hubbard, Nancye M Peel, Mayukh Samanta, Leonard C Gray, Arnold Mitnitski, Kenneth Rockwood
Aims: frailty is proposed as a summative measure of health status and marker of individual vulnerability. We aimed to investigate the discriminative capacity of a frailty index (FI) derived from interRAI Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment for Acute Care (AC) in relation to multiple adverse inpatient outcomes. Methods: in this prospective cohort study, an FI was derived for 1,418 patients ≥70 years across 11 hospitals in Australia. The interRAI-AC was administered at admission and discharge by trained nurses, who also screened patients daily for geriatric syndromes...
May 22, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531155/developing-health-related-indicators-of-climate-change-australian-stakeholder-perspectives
#2
Maryam Navi, Alana Hansen, Monika Nitschke, Scott Hanson-Easey, Dino Pisaniello
Climate-related health indicators are potentially useful for tracking and predicting the adverse public health effects of climate change, identifying vulnerable populations, and monitoring interventions. However, there is a need to understand stakeholders' perspectives on the identification, development, and utility of such indicators. A qualitative approach was used, comprising semi-structured interviews with key informants and service providers from government and non-government stakeholder organizations in South Australia...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529087/a-critical-analysis-of-australian-policies-and-guidelines-for-water-immersion-during-labour-and-birth
#3
Megan Cooper, Helen McCutcheon, Jane Warland
BACKGROUND: Accessibility of water immersion for labour and/or birth is often dependent on the care provider and also the policies/guidelines that underpin practice. With little high quality research about the safety and practicality of water immersion, particularly for birth, policies/guidelines informing the practice may lack the evidence necessary to ensure practitioner confidence surrounding the option thereby limiting accessibility and women's autonomy. AIM: The aims of the study were to determine how water immersion policies and/or guidelines are informed, who interprets the evidence to inform policies/guidelines and to what extent the policy/guideline facilitates the option for labour and birth...
May 18, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528765/impact-and-effectiveness-of-childhood-varicella-vaccine-program-in-queensland-australia
#4
Sarah L Sheridan, Helen E Quinn, Brynley P Hull, Robert S Ware, Keith Grimwood, Stephen B Lambert
BACKGROUND: In November 2005, Australia introduced a publicly funded single dose of varicella vaccine for children aged 18-months. We describe the impact of this program on varicella hospitalisations in Queensland and provide the first assessment of single-dose varicella vaccine effectiveness in Australia since the program commenced. METHODS: Age-standardised varicella hospitalisation rates were calculated for 2000-2014 and pre- and post-public funding period rates compared...
May 18, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528654/natural-radionuclides-and-stable-elements-in-weaver-ants-oecophylla-smaragdina-from-tropical-northern-australia
#5
Peter Medley, Che Doering, Fiona Evans, Andreas Bollhöfer
Natural radionuclides and stable elements were measured in weaver ants, leaves and soils collected from three sites in tropical northern Australia. Radionuclide concentration ratios for ants relative to soil were derived from the measurements and used to refine the current environmental radiological assessment for remediation of Ranger uranium mine. Use of site-specific concentration ratios for weaver ants gave a more conservative estimate of environmental exposure to the arthropod wildlife group than use of default concentration ratios in the ERICA Tool...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528311/rapid-screening-and-identification-of-chemical-hazards-in-surface-and-drinking-water-using-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-and-a-case-control-filter
#6
Sarit L Kaserzon, Amy L Heffernan, Kristie Thompson, Jochen F Mueller, Maria Jose Gomez Ramos
Access to clean, safe drinking water poses a serious challenge to regulators, and requires analytical strategies capable of rapid screening and identification of potentially hazardous chemicals, specifically in situations when threats to water quality or security require rapid investigations and potential response. This study describes a fast and efficient chemical hazard screening strategy for characterising trace levels of polar organic contaminants in water matrices, based on liquid chromatography high resolution mass spectrometry with post-acquisition 'case-control' data processing...
May 12, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528126/emotional-intelligence-increases-over-time-a-longitudinal-study-of-australian-pre-registration-nursing-students
#7
Kim Foster, Judith Fethney, Heather McKenzie, Murray Fisher, Emily Harkness, Desirée Kozlowski
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) has been associated with positive outcomes for nursing students. Higher EI is associated with personal wellbeing and stress management, higher academic performance, stronger nursing leadership and practice performance, and greater patient safety. While there is an increasing body of evidence on nursing students' EI, there is minimal evidence on EI over time during pre-registration programs. OBJECTIVES: To measure EI in pre-registration nursing students from program commencement to conclusion to ascertain EI over time and examine the relationship between EI and academic performance...
May 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528075/adopting-the-new-world-health-organization-diagnostic-criteria-for-gestational-diabetes-how-the-prevalence-changes-in-a-high-risk-region-in-australia
#8
Vincent W Wong, Andrew Lin, Hamish Russell
AIMS: In this study, we assessed changes in prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a region with diverse cultural backgrounds in Australia under the new World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria, with reference to the woman's ethnicity, age and pre-pregnant body mass index (BMI). METHODS: We recorded results of all 75-gram oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) performed on pregnant women between February and December 2015 together with their demographic details, and determined the prevalence of GDM based on the old Australian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society (ADIPS) and the new WHO criteria respectively...
April 25, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527638/shared-decision-making-in-australia-in-2017
#9
Lyndal Trevena, Heather L Shepherd, Carissa Bonner, Jesse Jansen, Anne E Cust, Julie Leask, Narelle Shadbolt, Chris Del Mar, Kirsten McCaffery, Tammy Hoffmann
Shared Decision Making (SDM) is now firmly established within national clinical standards for accrediting hospitals, day procedure services, public dental services and medical education in Australia, with plans to align general practice, aged care and disability service. Implementation of these standards and training of health professionals is a key challenge for the Australian health sector at this time. Consumer involvement in health research, policy and clinical service governance has also increased, with a major focus on encouraging patients to ask questions during their clinical care...
May 17, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527411/trends-in-reports-of-driving-following-illicit-drug-consumption-among-regular-drug-users-in-australia-2007-2013-has-random-roadside-drug-testing-had-a-deterrent-effect
#10
Danielle Horyniak, Paul Dietze, Simon Lenton, Rosa Alati, Raimondo Bruno, Allison Matthews, Courtney Breen, Lucy Burns
INTRODUCTION: Driving following illicit drug consumption ('drug-driving') is a potential road safety risk. Roadside drug testing (RDT) is conducted across Australia with the dual aims of prosecuting drivers with drugs in their system and deterring drug-driving. We examined trends over time in self-reported past six-month drug-driving among sentinel samples of regular drug users and assessed the impact of experiences of RDT on drug-driving among these participants. METHODS: Data from 1913 people who inject drugs (PWID) and 3140 regular psychostimulant users (RPU) who were first-time participants in a series of repeat cross-sectional sentinel studies conducted in Australian capital cities from 2007 to 2013 and reported driving in the past six months were analysed...
May 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527182/water-for-agriculture-the-convergence-of-sustainability-and-safety
#11
Sarah M Markland, David Ingram, Kalmia E Kniel, Manan Sharma
Agricultural water is a precious and limited resource. Increasingly more water types and sources are being explored for use in irrigation within the United States and across the globe. As outlined in this chapter, the Produce Safety Rule (PSR) in the Food Safety and Modernization Act (FSMA) provide irrigation water standards for application of water to fruits and vegetables consumed raw. These rules for production and use of water will continue to develop and be required as the world experiences aspects of a changing climate including flooding as well as drought conditions...
May 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527001/the-relative-abundance-of-dimethylsulfoniopropionate-dmsp-among-other-zwitterions-in-branching-coral-at-heron-island-southern-great-barrier-reef
#12
Hilton B Swan, Elisabeth S M Deschaseaux, Graham B Jones, Bradley D Eyre
Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) and eleven other target zwitterions were quantified in the branch tips of six Acropora species and Stylophora pistillata hard coral growing on the reef flat surrounding Heron Island in the southern Great Barrier Reef (GBR), Australia. Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (HILIC-MS) was used for sample analysis with isotope dilution MS applied to quantify DMSP. The concentration of DMSP was ten times greater in A. aspera than A. valida, with this difference being maintained throughout the spring, summer and winter seasons...
May 20, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526758/the-proliferation-of-we-sell-tobacco-here-signs-at-the-point-of-sale-of-tobacco-retailers-in-melbourne-australia
#13
Megan Bayly, Michelle Scollo, Melanie Wakefield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526721/health-care-resource-utilization-and-associated-costs-among-metastatic-cutaneous-melanoma-patients-treated-with-ipilimumab-intuition-study
#14
Grant A McArthur, Peter Mohr, Paolo Antonio Ascierto, Ana Arance, Ana Banos Hernaez, Peter Kaskel, Michael Weichenthal, Reshma Shinde, Kendall Stevinson
BACKGROUND: There are limited real-world data on health care resource utilization (HCRU) among advanced melanoma patients. The objective of this study was to describe HCRU and health care costs associated with the management of advanced melanoma patients receiving ipilimumab. METHODS: This retrospective multinational, observational study included advanced melanoma patients from Australia, Germany, Italy, and Spain who had received at least 1 dose of ipilimumab. Data extracted from medical charts included inpatient admissions, outpatient visits, surgical procedures, laboratory investigations, radiation therapy, imaging studies, and concomitant medications...
May 19, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526329/a-behaviour-change-intervention-to-reduce-sedentary-time-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Sonia Wing Mei Cheng, Jennifer Alison, Sarah Dennis, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Lissa Spencer, Renae McNamara, Susan Sims, Zoe McKeough
INTRODUCTION: Replacing sedentary behaviour with light intensity physical activity (ie, activities classified as less than three metabolic equivalents, such as slow-paced walking) may be a more realistic strategy for reducing cardiometabolic risk in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease than only aiming to increase levels of moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity. Behaviour change interventions to reduce sedentary behaviour in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have not yet been developed or tested...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526255/associations-of-objective-and-subjective-sleep-disturbance-with-cognitive-function-in-older-men-with-comorbid-depression-and-insomnia
#16
Daniel J Biddle, Sharon L Naismith, Kathleen M Griffiths, Helen Christensen, Ian B Hickie, Nicholas S Glozier
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether poor objective and subjective sleep quality are differentially associated with cognitive function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Participants were recruited from primary and secondary care, and directly from the community, in Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 74 men 50years and older (mean [SD], 58.4 [6.2] years), with comorbid depression and above-threshold insomnia symptoms, participating in a trial of online cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526250/sleep-problems-in-the-first-year-of-elementary-school-the-role-of-sleep-hygiene-gender-and-socioeconomic-status
#17
Laura K Uebergang, Sarah J Arnup, Harriet Hiscock, Esther Care, Jon Quach
OBJECTIVES: To determine (1) the relationship between sleep hygiene practices and parent-reported child sleep problems in students in the first year of elementary school, (2) whether the relationship differed by (a) gender and (b) SES and (3) in a multivariate explanatory model. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of a population-based sample. SETTING: Forty-five elementary schools in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Families of children aged 4-6 years in the first year of elementary school in Melbourne, Australia...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526119/effects-of-temperature-salinity-and-composition-of-the-dinoflagellate-assemblage-on-the-growth-of-gambierdiscus-carpenteri-isolated-from-the-great-barrier-reef
#18
Leanne Sparrow, Paolo Momigliano, Garry R Russ, Kirsten Heimann
Increases in reported incidence of ciguatera fish poisoning (hereafter ciguatera) have been linked to warmer sea temperatures that are known to trigger coral bleaching events. The drivers that trigger blooms of ciguatera-causing dinoflagellates on the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) are poorly understood. This study investigated the effects of increased temperatures and lowered salinities, often associated with environmental disturbance events, on the population growth of two strains of the potentially ciguatera-causing dinoflagellate, Gambierdiscus carpenteri (NQAIF116 and NQAIF380)...
May 2017: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525497/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-suspected-ovarian-malignancy-a-survey-of-perioperative-practice-among-gynecologic-oncologists-in-australia-and-new-zealand-to-inform-a-clinical-trial
#19
Kristina Lindemann, Peey-Sei Kok, Martin Stockler, Peter Sykes, Alison Brand
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this survey was to review the current standard of perioperative care of patients with suspected advanced ovarian cancer in Australia and New Zealand in order to determine the level of equipoise for specific interventions. METHODS: In May 2016, a web-based questionnaire (SurveyMonkey Inc, Palo Alto, CA) was sent to all gynecologic oncologists in Australia and New Zealand (n = 56). Descriptive statistics were used. RESULTS: Response rate was 75%...
June 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525406/blood-pressure-among-australian-aboriginal-children
#20
Nicholas Larkins, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Emily Banks, Hasantha Gunasekera, Alan Cass, Jane Kearnes, Jonathan C Craig
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) and potential predictors of SBP and DBP in urban Australian aboriginal children. METHODS: The Study of Environment on Aboriginal Resilience and Child Health is a prospective cohort study of urban Aboriginal children attending four Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services in New South Wales, Australia. Clinical measures included a manual BP measured by research officers using standardized protocols...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
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