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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231633/barriers-to-regaining-control-within-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-of-family-resilience-in-icu-living-with-uncertainty
#1
Pauline Wong, Pranee Liamputtong, Susan Koch, Helen Rawson
This paper discusses families' experiences of their interactions when a relative is admitted unexpectedly to an Australian intensive care unit BACKGROUND: The overwhelming emotions associated with the unexpected admission of a relative to an intensive care unit (ICU) are often due to the uncertainty surrounding the condition of their critically ill relative. There is limited in-depth understanding of the nature of uncertainty experienced by families in ICU, and interventions perceived by families to minimise their uncertainty are not well documented...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231302/bioinformatic-prediction-of-g-protein-coupled-receptor-encoding-sequences-from-the-transcriptome-of-the-foreleg-including-the-haller-s-organ-of-the-cattle-tick-rhipicephalus-australis
#2
Sergio Munoz, Felix D Guerrero, Anastasia Kellogg, Andrew M Heekin, Ming-Ying Leung
The cattle tick of Australia, Rhipicephalus australis, is a vector for microbial parasites that cause serious bovine diseases. The Haller's organ, located in the tick's forelegs, is crucial for host detection and mating. To facilitate the development of new technologies for better control of this agricultural pest, we aimed to sequence and annotate the transcriptome of the R. australis forelegs and associated tissues, including the Haller's organ. As G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are an important family of eukaryotic proteins studied as pharmaceutical targets in humans, we prioritized the identification and classification of the GPCRs expressed in the foreleg tissues...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231135/changes-in-food-intake-in-australia-comparing-the-1995-and-2011-national-nutrition-survey-results-disaggregated-into-basic-foods
#3
Bradley Ridoutt, Danielle Baird, Kathryn Bastiaans, Gilly Hendrie, Malcolm Riley, Peerasak Sanguansri, Julie Syrette, Manny Noakes
As nations seek to address obesity and diet-related chronic disease, understanding shifts in food intake over time is an imperative. However, quantifying intake of basic foods is not straightforward because of the diversity of raw and cooked wholefoods, processed foods and mixed dishes actually consumed. In this study, data from the Australian national nutrition surveys of 1995 and 2011, each involving more than 12,000 individuals and covering more than 4500 separate foods, were coherently disaggregated into basic foods, with cooking and processing factors applied where necessary...
May 25, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231031/different-serological-profiles-to-cooccurring-pathogenic-and-nonpathogenic-caliciviruses-in-wild-european-rabbits-oryctolagus-cuniculus-across-australia
#4
Tanya E Cox, June Liu, Remy van de Ven, Tanja Strive
Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) was released in Australia as a biocontrol agent for wild European rabbits ( Oryctolagus cuniculus ) in 1995-96; however, its effects were variable across Australia with the greatest population reductions seen in lower annual rainfall areas (<400 mm). There is speculation that the reduced effectiveness observed at higher annual rainfall sites is at least partially due to the presence of a nonpathogenic calicivirus (RCV-A1). The RCV-A1 is related to RHDV and confers partial and transient protection against lethal RHDV infection in laboratory tests...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230806/metabolic-profiling-and-identification-of-shikonins-in-root-periderm-of-two-invasive-echium-spp-weeds-in-australia
#5
Dominik Skoneczny, Paul A Weston, Xiaocheng Zhu, Geoff M Gurr, Ragan M Callaway, Russel A Barrow, Leslie A Weston
Metabolic profiling can be successfully implemented to analyse a living system's response to environmental conditions by providing critical information on an organism's physiological state at a particular point in time and allowing for both quantitative and qualitative assessment of a specific subset(s) of key metabolites. Shikonins are highly reactive chemicals that affect various cell signalling pathways and possess antifungal, antibacterial and allelopathic activity. Based on previous bioassay results, bioactive shikonins, are likely to play important roles in the regulation of rhizosphere interactions with neighbouring plants, microbes and herbivores...
February 21, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230740/application-of-chromatographic-and-spectroscopic-methods-towards-the-quality-assessment-of-ginger-zingiber-officinale-rhizomes-from-ecological-plantations
#6
Wojciech Koch, Wirginia Kukula-Koch, Zbigniew Marzec, Elwira Kasperek, Lucyna Wyszogrodzka-Koma, Wojciech Szwerc, Yoshinori Asakawa
The usefulness of ginger in the food industry and pharmacotherapy is strictly related to its content of various components. The study elucidates the chemical composition of Zingiber officinale rhizomes cultivated on ecological plantations on Shikoku Island (Japan). GC-MS analysis of terpene content, LC-MS determination of phenolic content, and the determination of 12 elements using AAS spectrometry were performed to give more detailed insight into the samples. Ninety-five percent of terpene composition was elucidated, with zingiberene as the most abundant sesquiterpene (37...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229892/safety-and-efficacy-of-opicinumab-in-acute-optic-neuritis-renew-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-phase-2-trial
#7
Diego Cadavid, Laura Balcer, Steven Galetta, Orhan Aktas, Tjalf Ziemssen, Ludo Vanopdenbosch, Jette Frederiksen, Mark Skeen, Glenn J Jaffe, Helmut Butzkueven, Focke Ziemssen, Luca Massacesi, Yi Chai, Lei Xu, Stefanie Freeman
BACKGROUND: The human monoclonal antibody opicinumab (BIIB033, anti-LINGO-1) has shown remyelinating activity in preclinical studies. We therefore assessed the safety and tolerability, and efficacy of opicinumab given soon after a first acute optic neuritis episode. METHODS: This randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 study (RENEW) was done at 33 sites in Australia, Canada, and Europe in participants (aged 18-55 years) with a first unilateral acute optic neuritis episode within 28 days from study baseline...
March 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229261/revision-of-neolebouria-gibson-1976-digenea-opecoelidae-with-trilobovarium-n-g-for-species-infecting-tropical-and-subtropical-shallow-water-fishes
#8
Storm B Martin, Scott C Cutmore, Thomas H Cribb
A new opecoelid trematode is reported from fishes of the Lethrinidae, Lutjanidae and Nemipteridae off Lizard Island on the northern Great Barrier Reef, Australia. The new species keys to Neolebouria Gibson, 1976 and shows strong similarity to several species of that genus, but is not consistent with the type-species, N. georgiensis Gibson, 1976, or others known from temperate/polar and/or deep-sea fishes. The new species is also phylogenetically distant from N. lanceolata (Price, 1934) Reimer, 1987, the only representative of the genus for which molecular data are available...
February 22, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229070/improving-the-estimation-of-risk-adjusted-grouped-hospital-standardized-mortality-ratios-using-cross-jurisdictional-linked-administrative-data-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Katrina Spilsbury, Diana Rosman, Janine Alan, Anna M Ferrante, James H Boyd, James B Semmens
BACKGROUND: Hospitals and death registries in Australia are operated under individual state government jurisdictions. Some state borders are located in heavily populated areas or are located near to major capital cities. Mortality indicators for hospital located near state borders may not be estimated accurately if patients are lost as they cross state borders. The aim of this study was to evaluate how cross-jurisdictional linkage of state hospital and death records across state borders may improve estimation of the hospital standardized mortality ratio (HSMR), a tool used in Australia as a hospital performance indicator...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229055/a-comparative-study-on-skin-and-plasma-advanced-glycation-end-products-and-their-associations-with-arterial-stiffness
#10
Chang-Yuan Liu, Qi-Fang Huang, Yi-Bang Cheng, Qian-Hui Guo, Qi Chen, Yan Li, Ji-Guang Wang
BACKGROUND: We compared skin and plasma measurements of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), with particular focus on their levels in the presence of hypertension or diabetes and prediabetes and their associations with arterial stiffness in outpatients with suspected or diagnosed hypertension. METHODS: Skin AGE accumulation was measured as autofluorescence on the left forearm using the skin autofluorescence Reader and expressed in arbitrary units in the range from 0 to 25...
January 2017: Pulse (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229022/opportunities-drive-the-global-distribution-of-protected-areas
#11
Germán Baldi, Marcos Texeira, Osvaldo A Martin, H Ricardo Grau, Esteban G Jobbágy
BACKGROUND: Protected areas, regarded today as a cornerstone of nature conservation, result from an array of multiple motivations and opportunities. We explored at global and regional levels the current distribution of protected areas along biophysical, human, and biological gradients, and assessed to what extent protection has pursued (i) a balanced representation of biophysical environments, (ii) a set of preferred conditions (biological, spiritual, economic, or geopolitical), or (iii) existing opportunities for conservation regardless of any representation or preference criteria...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228948/health-system-frameworks-and-performance-indicators-in-eight-countries-a-comparative-international-analysis
#12
Jeffrey Braithwaite, Peter Hibbert, Brette Blakely, Jennifer Plumb, Natalie Hannaford, Janet Cameron Long, Danielle Marks
OBJECTIVES: Performance indicators are a popular mechanism for measuring the quality of healthcare to facilitate both quality improvement and systems management. Few studies make comparative assessments of different countries' performance indicator frameworks. This study identifies and compares frameworks and performance indicators used in selected Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development health systems to measure and report on the performance of healthcare organisations and local health systems...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228676/a-new-species-of-the-leafhopper-genus-maiestas-distant-from-australia-hemiptera-cicadellidae-deltocephalinae-deltocephalini
#13
Yani Duan, Christopher H Dietrich, Yalin Zhang
A new leafhopper species Maiestas irwinisp. n. is described and illustrated from Australia. A checklist of the genus from the Australian region is provided together with a key to species for males.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228475/parallel-evolution-of-mound-building-and-grass-feeding-in-australian-nasute-termites
#14
Daej A Arab, Anna Namyatova, Theodore A Evans, Stephen L Cameron, David K Yeates, Simon Y W Ho, Nathan Lo
Termite mounds built by representatives of the family Termitidae are among the most spectacular constructions in the animal kingdom, reaching 6-8 m in height and housing millions of individuals. Although functional aspects of these structures are well studied, their evolutionary origins remain poorly understood. Australian representatives of the termitid subfamily Nasutitermitinae display a wide variety of nesting habits, making them an ideal group for investigating the evolution of mound building. Because they feed on a variety of substrates, they also provide an opportunity to illuminate the evolution of termite diets...
February 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228184/a-novel-approach-for-pathway-analysis-of-gwas-data-highlights-role-of-bmp-signaling-and-muscle-cell-differentiation-in-colorectal-cancer-susceptibility-erratum
#15
Aniket Mishra, Stuart MacGregor
The publishers regret to announce that the affiliation for the above paper was incorrectly inserted. The correct affiliation is below: Aniket Mishra1, Genetics and Epidemiology of Colorectal Cancer Consortium (GECCO) and the Colorectal Cancer Family Registry (CCFR), and Stuart MacGregor1 1 Statistical Genetics, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
February 23, 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228106/long-term-treatment-with-ruxolitinib-for-patients-with-myelofibrosis-5-year-update-from-the-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-3-comfort-i-trial
#16
Srdan Verstovsek, Ruben A Mesa, Jason Gotlib, Vikas Gupta, John F DiPersio, John V Catalano, Michael W N Deininger, Carole B Miller, Richard T Silver, Moshe Talpaz, Elliott F Winton, Jimmie H Harvey, Murat O Arcasoy, Elizabeth O Hexner, Roger M Lyons, Ronald Paquette, Azra Raza, Mark Jones, Deanna Kornacki, Kang Sun, Hagop Kantarjian
BACKGROUND: The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 COMFORT-I trial evaluated the JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor ruxolitinib in patients with intermediate-2/high-risk myelofibrosis. The primary and planned 3-year analyses of COMFORT-I data demonstrated that ruxolitinib-the first myelofibrosis-approved therapy-reduced splenomegaly and prolonged overall survival versus placebo. Here, we present the final 5-year results. METHODS: Patients managed in Australia, Canada, and the USA were randomized centrally (interactive voice response system) 1:1 to oral ruxolitinib twice daily (15 or 20 mg per baseline platelet counts) or placebo...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227022/seasonal-weight-variation-patterns-in-seven-countries-located-in-northern-and-southern-hemispheres
#17
Saeed Mehrang, Elina Helander, Angela Chieh, Ilkka Korhonen, Saeed Mehrang, Elina Helander, Angela Chieh, Ilkka Korhonen, Ilkka Korhonen, Saeed Mehrang, Elina Helander, Angela Chieh
The digital revolution of information and technology in late 20th century has led to emergence of devices that help people monitor their weight in a long-term manner. Investigation of population-level variations of body mass using smart connected weight scales enabled the health coaches acquire deeper insights about the models of people's behavior as a function of time. Typically, body mass varies when the seasons change. That is, during the warmer seasons people's body mass tend to decrease while in colder seasons it usually moves up...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226754/pixel-based-skin-segmentation-in-psoriasis-images
#18
Y George, M Aldeen, R Garnavi, Y George, M Aldeen, R Garnavi, M Aldeen, Y George, R Garnavi
In this paper, we present a detailed comparison study of skin segmentation methods for psoriasis images. Different techniques are modified and then applied to a set of psoriasis images acquired from the Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, with aim of finding the best technique suited for application to psoriasis images. We investigate the effect of different colour transformations on skin detection performance. In this respect, explicit skin thresholding is evaluated with three different decision boundaries (CbCr, HS and rgHSV)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226344/-diagnostic-criteria-and-risk-assessment-of-complications-after-gastric-cancer-surgery-in-western-countries
#19
Zhouqiao Wu, Qi Wang, Jinyao Shi, Koh Cherry, Jacopo Desiderio, Ziyu Li, Jiafu Ji
Postoperative complications are important outcome measurements for surgical quality and safety control. However, the complication registration has always been problematic due to the lack of definition consensus and the other practical difficulties. This narrative review summarizes the data registry system for single institutional registry, national data registry, international multi-center trial registries in the western world, aiming to share the experience of complication classification and data registration...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226263/comparing-impacts-between-formal-and-informal-recreational-trails
#20
Catherine Marina Pickering, Patrick Norman
Globally there are hundreds of thousands of kilometres of recreational trails traversing natural areas of high conservation value: but what are their impacts and do impacts differ among trails? We compared the effects of four common types of recreational trails [(1) narrow and (2) medium width informal bare earth trails and (3) gravel and (4) tarmac/concrete formal trails] on vegetation adjacent to trails in a high conservation value plant community that is popular for mountain biking and hiking in Australia...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
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