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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092757/climate-change-threats-to-family-farmers-sense-of-place-and-mental-wellbeing-a-case-study-from-the-western-australian-wheatbelt
#1
Neville R Ellis, Glenn A Albrecht
'Sense of place' has become a central concept in the analysis of the cultural, personal and mental health risks posed by a changing climate. However, such place-related understandings of mental health and wellbeing remain largely limited to Indigenous health contexts. In this article we argue the relevance of sense of place in understanding the mental health impacts of climate change on family farmers who retain close living and working relationships to the land. We conducted a community-based qualitative case study located in the Western Australian Wheatbelt - a region that has experienced some of the most significant climate change in Australia...
January 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092727/sitting-ducks-face-chronic-disease-an-analysis-of-newspaper-coverage-of-sedentary-behaviour-as-a-health-issue-in-australia-2000-2012
#2
Josephine Y Chau, Catriona Bonfiglioli, Amy Zhong, Zeljko Pedisic, Michelle Daley, Bronwyn McGill, Adrian Bauman
Issue addressed: This study examines how sedentary behaviour (too much sitting) was covered as a health issue by Australian newspapers and how physical activity was framed within this newspaper coverage.Methods: Articles featuring sedentary behaviour published in Australian newspapers between 2000 and 2012 were analysed for content and framing. Main outcome measures were volume, number and content of newspaper articles; framing and types of sedentary behaviour; responsibility for the problem of and solutions to high levels of sedentary behaviour; and physical activity mentions and how it was framed within sedentary behaviour coverage...
January 12, 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092492/self-care-in-palliative-care-nursing-and-medical-professionals-a-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Jason Mills, Timothy Wand, Jennifer A Fraser
BACKGROUND: Self-care is an important consideration for palliative care professionals. To date, few details have been recorded about the nature or uptake of self-care practices in the palliative care workforce. As part of a broader mixed methods study, this article reports findings from a national survey of nurses and doctors. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine perceptions, education, and practices relating to self-care among palliative care nursing and medical professionals...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091985/frequency-of-forensic-toxicological-analysis-in-external-cause-deaths-among-nursing-home-residents-an-analysis-of-trends
#4
Georgia Aitken, Briony Murphy, Jennifer Pilgrim, Lyndal Bugeja, David Ranson, Joseph Elias Ibrahim
There is a paucity of research examining the utility of forensic toxicology in the investigation of premature external cause deaths of residents in nursing homes. The aim of this study is to describe the frequency and characteristics of toxicological analysis conducted in external cause (injury-related) deaths amongst nursing home residents in Victoria, Australia. This study was a retrospective cohort study examining external cause deaths among nursing home residents during the period July 1, 2000 to December 31, 2012 in Victoria, Australia, using the National Coronial Information System (NCIS)...
January 16, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091337/assessing-the-social-and-environmental-determinants-of-pertussis-epidemics-in-queensland-australia-a-bayesian-spatio-temporal-analysis
#5
X Huang, S Lambert, C Lau, R J Soares Magalhaes, J Marquess, M Rajmokan, G Milinovich, W Hu
Pertussis epidemics have displayed substantial spatial heterogeneity in countries with high socioeconomic conditions and high vaccine coverage. This study aims to investigate the relationship between pertussis risk and socio-environmental factors on the spatio-temporal variation underlying pertussis infection. We obtained daily case numbers of pertussis notifications from Queensland Health, Australia by postal area, for the period January 2006 to December 2012. A Bayesian spatio-temporal model was used to quantify the relationship between monthly pertussis incidence and socio-environmental factors...
January 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090407/development-of-15-polymorphic-microsatellite-markers-for-ficus-virens-moraceae
#6
Rong-Hua Fu, Yun-Xiang Li, Mei Liu, Qiu-Mei Quan
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Ficus virens (Moraceae) is distributed widely in South and Southeast Asia, Melanesia, and northern Australia, and it is also cultivated outside its original northern range limit in southwestern China. Therefore, the species is well suited to explore the mechanism of range limits of Ficus species. However, little is known about its genetic background. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifteen polymorphic microsatellite markers were developed using the biotin-streptavidin capture method...
January 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089794/a-molecular-phylogeny-reveals-the-cuban-enigmatic-genus-behaimia-as-a-new-piece-in-the-brongniartieae-puzzle-of-papilionoid-legumes
#7
Luciano Paganucci de Queiroz, Wallace São Mateus, Alfonso Delgado-Salinas, Benjamin M Torke, Gwilym P Lewis, Óscar Dorado, Julie K Ardley, Martin F Wojciechowski, Domingos Cardoso
The papilionoid legume tribe Brongniartieae comprises a collection of 13 genera with disparate morphologies that were previously positioned in at least three remotely related tribes. The Brongniartieae displays a wide geographical disjunction between Australia and the New World and previous phylogenetic studies had provided conflicting results about the relationships between the American and Australian genera. We carry out phylogenetic analyses of (1) a plastid matK dataset extensively sampled across legumes to solve the enigmatic relationship of the Cuban-endemic monospecific genus Behaimia; and (2) multilocus datasets with focus on all genera ever referred to Brongniartieae...
January 9, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089788/cardiovascular-disease-risk-assessment-in-australian-community-pharmacy
#8
Kevin P Mc Namara, Gregory M Peterson, Josie Hughes, Ines Krass, Vincent Versace, Robyn A Clark, James Dunbar
BACKGROUND: Population screening and monitoring of cardiovascular risk is suboptimal in Australian primary care. The role of community pharmacy has increased considerably, but without any policy framework for development. The aim of this study was to explore the nature of community pharmacy-based screening models in Australia, capacity to increase delivery of pharmacy screening, and barriers and enablers to increasing capacity. METHODS: An online survey weblink was emailed to pharmacy managers at every quality-accredited pharmacy in Australia by the Quality Pharmacy Care Program...
November 30, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089404/the-schhs-hip-fracture-clinical-network-experience-improving-care-and-outcomes-through-an-interprofessional-approach
#9
Gillian Puckeridge, Morné Terblanche, Debbie Massey
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures are a major global health care issue, with the 1.26 million estimated cases in 1990 predicted to increase to 4.5 million by 2050. Varying models of care have been developed to improve outcomes following fragility hip fractures. Most of these care models embrace an interprofessional approach to care. Specialist orthopedic nurses play an important role in the management of fragility hip fracture patients and their contribution to the interprofessional health care team is an important predictor of patient outcomes...
December 18, 2016: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089061/erratum-to-a-case-review-in-flight-births-over-a-4-year-period-in-the%C3%A2-northern-territory-australia-air-medical-journal-35-5-317-320
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088765/allo-allo-triploid-sphagnum-%C3%A3-falcatulum-single-individuals-contain-most-of-the-holantarctic-diversity-for-ancestrally-indicative-markers
#11
Eric F Karlin, Peter E Smouse
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Allopolyploids exhibit both different levels and different patterns of genetic variation than are typical of diploids. However, scant attention has been given to the partitioning of allelic information and diversity in allopolyploids, particularly that among homeologous monoploid components of the hologenome. Sphagnum × falcatulum is a double allopolyploid peat moss that spans a considerable portion of the Holantarctic. With monoploid genomes from three ancestral species, this organism exhibits a complex evolutionary history involving serial inter-subgeneric allopolyploidizations...
January 14, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088369/assessment-of-human-induced-change-and-biological-risk-posed-by-contaminants-in-estuarine-harbour-sediments-sydney-harbour-estuary-australia
#12
G F Birch
A rapid, simple yet scientifically sound scheme providing two important types of information used in assessment of estuarine sediments is presented. The mean enrichment quotient (MEQ) (fine contemporary sediment metal concentration/fine fraction background metal concentration) for Cu, Pb and Zn provides the magnitude of human-induced change, (deviation from the pristine condition), while sediment quality guidelines (SQGs) assess the risk posed by sedimentary contaminants to the benthic community. Maximum metal enrichment for sediment in Sydney estuary (Australia) is >100 times for Cu, Pb and Zn and the MEQ is >10 times for most of the estuary...
January 11, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088203/a-3-arm-randomised-controlled-trial-of-communicating-healthy-beginnings-advice-by-telephone-chat-to-mothers-with-infants-to-prevent-childhood-obesity
#13
Li Ming Wen, Chris Rissel, Louise A Baur, Alison J Hayes, Huilan Xu, Anna Whelan, Myna Hua, Miranda Shaw, Philayrath Phongsavan
BACKGROUND: With an increasing prevalence of obesity in young children globally, there is an urgent need for the development of effective early interventions. A previous Healthy Beginnings Trial using a nurse-led home visiting program has demonstrated that providing mothers with evidence-based advice can improve maternal practice regarding obesity prevention, and can reduce Body Mass Index (BMI) in the first few years of life. However, the costs for scale-up of home visiting limit its population reach...
January 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088062/a-retrospective-audit-of-bacterial-culture-results-of-donated-human-milk-in-perth-western-australia
#14
Yahya Almutawif, Benjamin Hartmann, Megan Lloyd, Wendy Erber, Donna Geddes
INTRODUCTION: The bacterial content of donated human milk is either endogenous or introduced via contamination. Defining milk bank bacterial content will allow researchers to devise appropriate tests for significant and commonly encountered organisms. OBJECTIVE: A retrospective audit was conducted on data recorded from the Perron Rotary Express Milk Bank, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Subiaco, Western Australia. This aimed to describe the incidence of bacterial species detected in donated human milk and to identify potentially pathogenic bacteria...
January 11, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087887/evaluation-of-a-standardized-ward-round-in-a-prenatal-inpatient-setting
#15
Katie Christensen, Sarah Janssens, Michael Beckmann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of incorporating a standardized ward round (SWR) tool including checklists for communication, safety, and efficiency into ward rounds. METHODS: A prospective non-randomized, before-and-after observational study was conducted at a tertiary maternity hospital in Brisbane, Australia, between October 1, 2014, and October 1, 2015. Obstetric team members performing prenatal ward rounds used role-specific lanyards prompting the structure of each consultation...
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087508/international-variation-in-outcomes-among-people-with-cardiovascular-disease-or-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-impaired-glucose-tolerance-insights-from-the-navigator-trial
#16
Marilia Harumi Higuchi Dos Santos, Abhinav Sharma, Jie-Lena Sun, Karen Pieper, John J V McMurray, Rury R Holman, Renato D Lopes
BACKGROUND: Regional differences in risk of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular outcomes in people with impaired glucose tolerance are poorly characterized. Our objective was to evaluate regional variation in risk of new-onset diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular outcomes, and treatment effects in participants from the NAVIGATOR (Nateglinide and Valsartan in Impaired Glucose Tolerance Outcomes Research) trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: NAVIGATOR randomized people with impaired glucose tolerance and cardiovascular risk factors or with established cardiovascular disease to valsartan (or placebo) and to nateglinide (or placebo) with a median 5-year follow-up...
January 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087404/mood-and-anxiety-disorders-precede-development-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-patients-but-not-in-the-population
#17
Michael P Jones, Jan Tack, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Marjorie M Walker, Gerald Holtmann, Natasha A Koloski, Nicholas J Talley
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Understanding the interactions between brain and gastrointestinal disorders requires analysis of the order of disease onset. We analyzed data from 2 independent studies to determine the proportion of individuals with diagnoses of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) before diagnoses of mood or anxiety disorders (gut to brain), and vice versa (brain to gut). METHODS: We collected data from a retrospective study of 4966 patients diagnosed with a FGID (irritable bowel syndrome, dyspepsia, or constipation) and mood or anxiety disorder at general practices in the United Kingdom (health care seekers) over an average period of 13...
January 10, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086875/learning-global-health-a-pilot-study-of-an-online-collaborative-intercultural-peer-group-activity-involving-medical-students-in-australia-and-indonesia
#18
Mark Ambrose, Linda Murray, Nicholas E Handoyo, Deif Tunggal, Nick Cooling
BACKGROUND: There is limited research to inform effective pedagogies for teaching global health to undergraduate medical students. Theoretically, using a combination of teaching pedagogies typically used in 'international classrooms' may prove to be an effective way of learning global health. This pilot study aimed to explore the experiences of medical students in Australia and Indonesia who participated in a reciprocal intercultural participatory peer e-learning activity (RIPPLE) in global health...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086869/evaluation-of-an-aged-care-nurse-practitioner-service-quality-of-care-within-a-residential-aged-care-facility-hospital-avoidance-service
#19
Trudy Dwyer, Alison Craswell, Dolene Rossi, Darren Holzberger
BACKGROUND: Reducing avoidable hospitialisation of aged care facility (ACF) residents can improve the resident experience and their health outcomes. Consequently many variations of hospital avoidance (HA) programs continue to evolve. Nurse practitioners (NP) with expertise in aged care have the potential to make a unique contribution to hospital avoidance programs. However, little attention has been dedicated to service evaluation of this model and the quality of care provided. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of an aged care NP model of care situated within a HA service in a regional area of Australia...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086843/evaluation-of-the-good-start-program-a-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-maori-and-pacific-islander-children-living-in-queensland-australia
#20
Seema Mihrshahi, Lisa Vaughan, Nicola Fa'avale, Shreenika De Silva Weliange, Inez Manu-Sione, Lisa Schubert
BACKGROUND: Reducing the prevalence of obesity and chronic disease are important priorities. Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Australia have higher rates of obesity and chronic disease than the wider Australian population. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of the Good Start program, which aims to improve knowledge, attitudes and practices related to healthy eating and physical activity amongst Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Queensland. METHODS: The intervention was delivered to children aged 6-19 years (N = 375) in schools by multicultural health workers...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
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