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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441595/modelling-drivers-and-distribution-of-lead-and-zinc-concentrations-in-soils-of-an-urban-catchment-sydney-estuary-australia
#1
L E Johnson, T F A Bishop, G F Birch
The human population is increasing globally and land use is changing to accommodate for this growth. Soils within urban areas require closer attention as the higher population density increases the chance of human exposure to urban contaminants. One such example of an urban area undergoing an increase in population density is Sydney, Australia. The city also possesses a notable history of intense industrial activity. By integrating multiple soil surveys and covariates into a linear mixed model, it was possible to determine the main drivers and map the distribution of lead and zinc concentrations within the Sydney estuary catchment...
April 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441576/fate-and-redistribution-of-perfluoroalkyl-acids-through-afff-impacted-groundwater
#2
Jennifer Bräunig, Christine Baduel, Amy Heffernan, Anna Rotander, Eric Donaldson, Jochen F Mueller
Leaching of perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) from a local point source, a fire-fighting training area, has led to extensive contamination of a groundwater aquifer which has spread underneath part of a nearby town, Oakey, situated in the State of Queensland, Australia. Groundwater is extracted by residents from privately owned wells for daily activities such as watering livestock and garden beds. The concentration of 10 PFAAs in environmental and biological samples (water, soil, grass, chicken egg yolk, serum of horses, cattle and sheep), as well as human serum was investigated to determine the extent of contamination in the town and discuss fate and redistribution of PFAAs...
April 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441520/age-gender-and-deterrability-are-younger-male-drivers-more-likely-to-discount-the-future
#3
James Freeman, Sherrie-Anne Kaye, Verity Truelove, Jeremy Davey
Utilizing the Classical Deterrence theory and Stafford and Warr's (1993) reconceptualized model of deterrence, the current study examined whether age, gender, and discounting the future tendencies influence perceptions of being apprehended for speeding offences. Licensed motorists (N=700; 57% female) in Queensland (Australia) were recruited to complete a self-report questionnaire that measured perceptual deterrence, speeding related behaviors and discounting the future tendencies. Data were analyzed utilizing descriptive, bivariate and multivariate regressions...
April 22, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441309/trends-complications-and-costs-for-hospital-admission-and-surgery-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#4
Gustavo C Machado, Chris G Maher, Paulo H Ferreira, Ian A Harris, Richard A Deyo, Damien McKay, Qiang Li, Manuela L Ferreira
STUDY DESIGN: Population based health record linkage study. OBJECTIVE: To determine trends in hospital admissions and surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis, as well as complications and resource use in Australia. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In the United States, rates of decompression surgery have declined, whereas those of fusion have increased. It is unclear whether this trend is also happening elsewhere. METHODS: We included patients 18 years and older admitted to a hospital in New South Wales between 2003-2013, who were diagnosed with lumbar spinal stenosis...
April 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441170/provision-of-arts-therapies-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#5
Patricia Fenner, Radwa S Abdelazim, Iris Bräuninger, Gitta Strehlow, Kathrin Seifert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Arts therapies are still inadequately regulated throughout the world despite a 100-year-long tradition, a vast number of academically trained therapists and importance in treating psychiatric patients. It is essential that more evidence-based studies are undertaken. RECENT FINDINGS: Current international guidelines focus on the efficacy and effectiveness of arts therapies. New international evidence-based studies reporting clear-cut therapeutic effects of art therapy, music therapy and dance movement therapy are described here, with a focus on developments in Australia, Egypt and the United States...
April 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440952/thyroid-cancer-incidence-among-asian-immigrants-to-ontario-canada-a-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Baiju R Shah, Rebecca Griffiths, Stephen F Hall
BACKGROUND: The highest rates of thyroid cancer are observed in Pacific Island nations as well as Australia and Asian countries bordering the Pacific. The objective of this study was to determine the risk for thyroid cancer among immigrants to Canada from Southeast and East Asia compared with immigrants from other regions and nonimmigrants. METHODS: This was a population-based, longitudinal cohort study using health care administrative data to examine all residents of Ontario without pre-existing thyroid cancer...
April 25, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440950/the-need-to-know-the-information-needs-of-parents-of-infants-with-an-intellectual-disability-a-qualitative-study
#7
Tracy Douglas, Bernice Redley, Goetz Ottmann
AIM: To explore the information needs of parents of infants with an intellectual disability in the first year of life. BACKGROUND: Parents whose infant has an intellectual disability need access to information if they are to facilitate optimal care for their child. A lack of timely, accurate information provision by health professionals, particularly nurses and midwives, can increase parental stress and hinder access to the supports they and their infant require...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440839/refugee-health-and-rehabilitation-challenges-and-response
#8
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya
BACKGROUND: The current global refugee crisis poses major challenges in providing effective healthcare to refugees, particularly for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) management and disability. This article provides an overview of refugee health and potential challenges from the rehabilitation perspective. METHODS: A literature search (both academic and grey literature) was conducted using medical and health science electronic databases and internet search engines (2001-2016)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440674/late-talkers-and-later-language-outcomes-predicting-the-different-language-trajectories
#9
Rebecca Armstrong, James G Scott, Andrew J O Whitehouse, David A Copland, Katie L Mcmahon, Wendy Arnott
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to investigate the risk factors present at 2 years for children who showed language difficulties that persisted from 2 to 10 years and difficulties that emerged later, at 10 years. METHOD: Participants (n = 783) were drawn from the Raine Study in Western Australia. Patterns of change from 2 to 10 years were identified based on child performance on the Language Development Survey and the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals, respectively...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440068/correlates-of-verbal-and-physical-aggression-among-patrons-of-licensed-venues-in-australia
#10
Shannon Hyder, Kerri Coomber, Amy Pennay, Nicolas Droste, Ashlee Curtis, Richelle Mayshak, Tina Lam, William Gilmore, Tanya Chikritzhs, Peter G Miller
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The current study aimed to examine the association between patron demographics and substance use, and experiences of verbal and physical aggressive incidents within the last 3 months among patrons of night-time entertainment precincts (NEP) in Australia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Patron interviews (n = 4216) were conducted around licensed venues in the NEPs of five Australian cities. Seven correlates of verbal and physical aggressive incidents were examined: gender, age, occupation, blood alcohol concentration, pre-drinking, energy drink use and illicit drug use in the current session...
April 25, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440052/doctoral-profile-of-the-medical-radiation-sciences-a-baseline-for-australia-and-new-zealand
#11
Ernest U Ekpo, Beverly Snaith, Martine A Harris, Mark F McEntee
INTRODUCTION: Research is critical to evidence-based practice, and the rapid developments in technology provide opportunities to innovate and improve practice. Little is known about the research profile of the medical radiation science (MRS) profession in Australia and New Zealand (NZ). This study provides a baseline of their doctoral activity. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of MRS professionals in Australia and NZ holding a doctorate or undertaking doctoral studies, was performed using an online tool (Bristol Online Survey(®) , Bristol, UK)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439990/explaining-the-declining-rates-of-past-year-cannabis-use-in-australia-a-first-pass
#12
Alison Ritter, Oluwadamisola Sotade
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Cannabis use rates in Australia have declined since 2001. No research to date has examined possible reasons, despite evident policy interest in understanding such a positive public health outcome. In a 'first pass' examination, five possible reasons are explored: (i) attitudinal shifts regarding the acceptability of cannabis use; (ii) regulatory or policy changes; (iii) supply/market changes; (iv) changes in other drug use that may operate as substitutes or complements to cannabis; and (v) socio-cultural factors...
April 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439816/competitive-health-markets-and-risk-equalisation-in-australia-lessons-learnt-from-other-countries
#13
Ayman Fouda, Gianluca Fiorentini, Francesco Paolucci
The aims of this paper are to evaluate the risk equalisation (RE) arrangement in Australia's private health insurance against practices in other countries with similar arrangements and to propose ways of improving the system to advance economic efficiency and solidarity. Possible regulatory responses to insurance market failures are reviewed based on standard economic arguments. We describe various regulatory strategies used elsewhere to identify essential system features against which the Australian system is compared...
April 24, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439479/simple-sequence-repeat-markers-for-k%C3%A4-nuka-kunzea-spp-myrtaceae-present-in-new-zealand
#14
Dagmar F Goeke, Caroline M Mitchell, Claudia Lange, Gary J Houliston
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: We developed simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers to facilitate population genetic studies on kānuka (Kunzea spp.; Myrtaceae). METHODS AND RESULTS: A shotgun sequencing library was constructed from leaf material of K. robusta using a Roche 454 Junior sequencer, and a total of 3174 putative SSR regions were identified. Sixteen polymorphic markers were optimized for multiplex PCR on 10 endemic New Zealand Kunzea species. Each of these loci cross-amplified in all tested species...
April 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439454/distribution-and-establishment-of-the-alien-australian-redclaw-crayfish-cherax-quadricarinatus-in-south-africa-and-swaziland
#15
Ana L Nunes, Tsungai A Zengeya, Andries C Hoffman, G John Measey, Olaf L F Weyl
BACKGROUND: The Australian redclaw crayfish (Cherax quadricarinatus, von Martens), is native to Australasia, but has been widely translocated around the world due to aquaculture and aquarium trade. Mostly as a result of escape from aquaculture facilities, this species has established extralimital populations in Australia and alien populations in Europe, Asia, Central America and Africa. In South Africa, C. quadricarinatus was first sampled from the wild in 2002 in the Komati River, following its escape from an aquaculture facility in Swaziland, but data on the current status of its populations are not available...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439264/benthic-diatom-based-indices-for-water-quality-assessment-in-two-subtropical-streams
#16
Xiang Tan, Quanfa Zhang, Michele A Burford, Fran Sheldon, Stuart E Bunn
Benthic diatoms have been universally used as indicators to assess water quality in lotic ecosystems. However, most diatom-based indices developed in Europe have not been widely used or tested in other continents such as Asia or Oceania. This study compared the performance of 14 widely-applied diatom indices in assessing ecological conditions in subtropical streams in South East Queensland (SEQ) in Australia and in the upper Han River in China. Most water quality variables in the upper Han River including dissolved organic carbon (DOC), total nitrogen (TN), and soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) had strong relationships with at least one diatom index, with the exception of IDAP (Index Diatom Artois-Picardie), and TDI (Trophic Diatom Index)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439076/practice-makes-perfect-self-reported-adherence-a-positive-marker-of-inhaler-technique-maintenance
#17
Elizabeth Azzi, Pamela Srour, Carol Armour, Cynthia Rand, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich
Poor inhaler technique and non-adherence to treatment are major problems in the management of asthma. Patients can be taught how to achieve good inhaler technique, however maintenance remains problematic, with 50% of patients unable to demonstrate correct technique. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical, patient-related and/or device-related factors that predict inhaler technique maintenance. Data from a quality-controlled longitudinal community care dataset was utilized. 238 patients using preventer medications where included...
April 24, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438936/demonstrating-the-protective-efficacy-of-the-novel-fluoroquinolone-finafloxacin-against-an-inhalational-exposure-to-burkholderia-pseudomallei
#18
Kay B Barnes, Karleigh A Hamblin, Mark I Richards, Thomas R Laws, Andreas Vente, Helen S Atkins, Sarah V Harding
Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of melioidosis, a serious disease endemic in South East Asia and Northern Australia. Antibiotic treatment is lengthy and relapse often occurs. Finafloxacin is a novel fluoroquinolone with increased antibacterial activity in acidic conditions in contrast to other fluoroquinolones which demonstrate reduced activity at lower pH. Therefore finafloxacin may have improved efficacy against B. pseudomallei, which can survive within host cells where the local pH is acidic...
April 24, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438901/systolic-blood-pressure-and-vascular-disease-in-men-aged-65-years-and-over-the-hims-health-in-men-study
#19
Ben Lacey, Jonathan Golledge, Bu B Yeap, Sarah Lewington, Kieran A McCaul, Paul E Norman, Leon Flicker, Osvaldo P Almeida, Graeme J Hankey
There is uncertainty about the relation between blood pressure and vascular disease at older age. We assessed the association of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and major vascular events in a prospective cohort study of 7564 men aged 65 to 94 years, recruited in 1996-1999 from the general population in Perth, Western Australia. SBP was measured at baseline and again at resurvey in 2001-2004. Participants were monitored for fatal and nonfatal vascular events. To limit the effect of reverse causality, analyses were restricted to men without previous vascular disease at baseline...
April 24, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438479/family-presence-during-resuscitation-fpdr-observational-case-studies-of-emergency-personnel-in-victoria-australia
#20
Joanne E Porter, Nareeda Miller, Anita Giannis, Nicole Coombs
INTRODUCTION: Family Presence During Resuscitation (FPDR), although not a new concept, remains inconsistently implemented by emergency personnel. Many larger metropolitan emergency departments (ED) have instigated a care coordinator role, however these personnel are often from a non-nursing background and have therefore limited knowledge about the clinical aspects of the resuscitation. In rural emergency departments there are simply not enough staff to allocate an independent role. A separate care coordinator role, who is assigned to care for the family and not take part in the resuscitation has been well documented as essential to the successful implementation of FPDR...
April 21, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
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