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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324677/intermittent-explosive-disorder-and-eating-disorders-analysis-of-national-comorbidity-and-research-samples
#1
Karen M Jennings, Jennifer E Wildes, Emil F Coccaro
OBJECTIVE: Clinical studies suggest comorbidity between eating disorders and aggressive behaviors. This study examined the pattern of comorbidity between intermittent explosive disorder (IED) and eating disorders (ED). METHODS: Data were analyzed from both the adult and adolescent samples of the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication (n = 19,430) and a clinical research sample (n = 1,642). RESULTS: Lifetime prevalence of Any ED was elevated in IED vs...
March 2, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290945/frequency-of-improvised-explosive-devices-and-suicide-attempts-in-the-u-s-army
#2
Robert J Ursano, Ronald C Kessler, James A Naifeh, Holly Herberman Mash, Carol S Fullerton, Paul D Bliese, Gary H Wynn, Pablo A Aliaga, Christina Wryter, Nancy A Sampson, Tzu-Cheg Kao, Lisa J Colpe, Michael Schoenbaum, Kenneth L Cox, Steven G Heeringa, Murray B Stein
BACKGROUND: Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) were a prominent and initially new threat in the Iraq and Afghanistan war which raised concerns and anticipatory fear in and out of theater. This study examined the association of monthly IED rates with risk of soldier suicide attempt among those deployed and nondeployed. METHODS: Person-month records for all active duty Regular Army suicide attempters from 2004 through 2009 (n = 9,791) and an equal-probability sample of control person-months (n = 183,826) were identified...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280883/inhibitory-control-and-response-monitoring-are-not-systematically-related-to-weekly-alcohol-consumption-in-the-general-population
#3
Ragnhild Bø, Nils Inge Landrø
BACKGROUND: In alcohol use disorder, deficits in cognitive control (i.e., inhibition and response monitoring) might underlie the loss of self-control and, thereby, failure to adjust alcohol consumption in response to associated negative consequences. According to the continuum hypothesis, the magnitude of these deficits should be related in a stair-case manner, with the greatest deficits among its heaviest consumers. The current study aims at investigating this association in the general population...
March 9, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252880/intermittent-explosive-disorder-and-substance-use-disorder-analysis-of-the-national-comorbidity-survey-replication-sample
#4
Emil F Coccaro, Jennifer R Fanning, Royce Lee
OBJECTIVE: A relationship between aggression and substance use has been debated for many years. While substance use increases the risk of aggressive behavior, no studies have reported on the relationship between impulsive aggression and substance use/disorder, specifically. METHODS: We analyzed data from the community-based National Comorbidity Survey Replication (N = 9,282 subjects) in order to examine the relationship between current DSM-5 intermittent explosive disorder (IED), a disorder of impulsive aggression, and current substance use disorders (SUDs), overall, and with regard to alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis use disorders and nondisordered use...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230629/point-of-injury-tourniquet-application-during-operation-protective-edge-what-de-we-learn
#5
Amir Shlaifer, Avraham Yitzhak, Erez N Baruch, Avi Shina, Alexandra Satanovsky, Amiram Shovali, Ofer Almog, Elon Glassberg
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is a leading cause of preventable death on the battlefield. Timely tourniquet application to massively bleeding extremity wounds is critical for casualty survival albeit with reported adverse effects to extremity integrity. The aim of this study was to describe the immediate and short term outcomes of point of injury (POI) tourniquet applications during 'Operation Protective Edge' (OPE). METHODS: A case series study regarding tourniquet application at the POI during OPE was collected...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191653/generalized-hostile-interpretation-bias-regarding-facial-expressions-characteristic-of-pathological-aggressive-behavior
#6
Danique Smeijers, Mike Rinck, Erik Bulten, Thom van den Heuvel, Robbert-Jan Verkes
Individuals with aggression regulation disorders tend to attribute hostility to others in socially ambiguous situations. Previous research suggests that this "hostile attribution bias" is a powerful cause of aggression. Facial expressions form important cues in the appreciation of others' intentions. Furthermore, accurate processing of facial expressions is fundamental to normal socialization. However, research on interpretation biases in facial affect is limited. It is asserted that a hostile interpretation bias (HIB) is likely to be displayed by individuals with an antisocial (ASPD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) and probably also with an intermittent explosive disorder (IED)...
February 12, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187907/a-correlation-analysis-of-metacarpal-phalangeal-injury-pattern-from-improvised-explosive-devices-amongst-armed-force-personnel
#7
R M T Staruch, G E Glass, A Johnson, J Hodson, S P Hettiaratchy, A R Kay, D Chester
Injuries to the hand during military combat operations, particularly from improvised explosive devices (IEDs) have a significant impact on form, function, mental health and future employment but remain underreported amidst the life and limb-threatening emergencies that garner more attention. An understanding the patterns of hand injuries encountered from IEDs is crucial to optimizing reconstruction and rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to re-evaluate hand injury sustained from IED in order to understand the clinical burden for reconstruction and direct the focus for future hand protection...
January 19, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166898/identification-of-the-emplacement-of-improvised-explosive-devices-by-experienced-mission-payload-operators
#8
Nathan J McNeese, Nancy J Cooke, Russell Branaghan, Ashley Knobloch, Amanda Taylor
Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) have become one of the deadliest threats to military personnel, resulting in over 50% of American combat casualties in Iraq and Afghanistan. Identification of IED emplacement is conducted by mission payload operators (MPOs). Yet, experienced MPOs are limited in number, making MPO training a critical intervention. In this article, we implement a Cognitive Engineering Based on Expert Skill methodology to better understand how experienced MPOs identify the emplacement of IEDs for the purposes of improving training...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147509/cooling-of-isolated-anthracene-cations-probed-with-photons-of-different-wavelengths-in-the-mini-ring
#9
M Ji, J Bernard, L Chen, R Brédy, C Ortéga, C Joblin, A Cassimi, S Martin
We report on a direct measurement of the Internal Energy Distribution (IED) shift rate of an initially hot polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) molecular ensemble, anthracene cations (C14H10(+)). The ions were produced in an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) ion source and stored in an electrostatic ion storage ring, the Mini-Ring. Laser pulses of two wavelengths were sent successively to merge the stored ion bunch at different storage times to enhance the neutral fragment yield due to fast laser induced dissociation...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109984/the-long-term-course-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-from-unilateral-to-bilateral-interictal-epileptiform-discharges-in-repeated-video-eeg-monitorings
#10
Stephanie Gollwitzer, Catherine A Scott, Fiona Farrell, Gail S Bell, Jane de Tisi, Matthew C Walker, Tim Wehner, Josemir W Sander, Hajo M Hamer, Beate Diehl
INTRODUCTION: Bilateral interictal epileptiform discharges (IED) and ictal patterns are common in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and have been associated with decreased chances of seizure freedom after epilepsy surgery. It is unclear whether secondary epileptogenesis, although demonstrated in experimental models, exists in humans and may account for progression of epilepsy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed consecutive video-EEG recordings from 1992 to 2014 repeated at least two years apart (mean interval 6...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107996/the-stability-of-tnt-rdx-and-petn-in-simulated-post-explosion-soils-implications-of-sample-preparation-for-analysis
#11
H A Yu, D A DeTata, S W Lewis, N Nic Daeid
Explosives residues in soils may be a useful source of evidence following the detonation of an improvised explosive device (IED), such as a vehicle-borne IED. Soil samples collected from the vicinity of an explosion scene will often be stored for some time prior to analysis, yet explosives residues in soil samples are susceptible to rapid degradation or transformation. Although some research has assessed the use of different storage temperatures with a view to reducing explosives' degradation over time, further research examining the degradation of explosives in soil when stored under a variety of storage conditions is crucial to determine the optimal sample collection and storage procedures for soil containing explosives residues...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088746/development-of-a-screening-questionnaire-for-dsm-5-intermittent-explosive-disorder-ied-sq
#12
Emil F Coccaro, Mitchell E Berman, Michael S McCloskey
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to develop and test a screening approach to identify individuals with DSM-5 Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED), a disorder of recurrent, problematic, impulsive aggression. METHODS: A screening approach to diagnose DSM-5 IED (IED-SQ) was developed by combining items related to life history of aggression and items related to the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for IED. In study 1, the IED-SQ was studied in 72 adult participants; 33 that met DSM-5 criteria for lifetime IED and 39 that did not...
December 22, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061379/assessment-of-the-non-gaussianity-and-non-linearity-levels-of-simulated-semg-signals-on-stationary-segments
#13
Noureddine Messaoudi, Raïs El'hadi Bekka, Philippe Ravier, Rachid Harba
The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the effects of the longitudinal single differential (LSD), the longitudinal double differential (LDD) and the normal double differential (NDD) spatial filters, the electrode shape, the inter-electrode distance (IED) on non-Gaussianity and non-linearity levels of simulated surface EMG (sEMG) signals when the maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) varied from 10% to 100% by a step of 10%. The effects of recruitment range thresholds (RR), the firing rate (FR) strategy and the peak firing rate (PFR) of motor units were also considered...
February 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053558/high-fidelity-medical-simulation-training-improves-medical-students-knowledge-and-confidence-levels-in-septic-shock-resuscitation
#14
Veerapong Vattanavanit, Jarernporn Kawla-Ied, Rungsun Bhurayanontachai
BACKGROUND: Septic shock resuscitation bundles have poor compliance worldwide partly due to a lack of knowledge and clinical skills. High-fidelity simulation-based training is a new teaching technology in our faculty which may improve the performance of medical students in the resuscitation process. However, since the efficacy of this training method in our institute is limited, we organized an extra class for this evaluation. PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate the effect on medical students' knowledge and confidence levels after the high-fidelity medical simulation training in septic shock management...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012305/social-emotional-information-processing-in-adults-development-and-psychometrics-of-a-computerized-video-assessment-in-healthy-controls-and-aggressive-individuals
#15
Emil F Coccaro, Jennifer R Fanning, Eliana Fisher, Laurel Couture, Royce J Lee
A computerized version of an assessment of Social-Emotional Information Processing (SEIP) using audio-video film stimuli instead of written narrative vignettes was developed for use in adult participants. This task allows for an assessment of encoding or relevant/irrelevant social-emotional information, attribution bias, and endorsement of appropriate, physically aggressive, and relationally aggressive responses to aversive social-emotional stimuli. The psychometric properties of this Video-SEIP (V-SEIP) assessment were examined in 75 healthy controls (HC) and in 75 individuals with DSM-5 Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED) and were also compared with the original questionnaire (SEIP-Q) version of the task (HC=26; IED=26)...
November 8, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006829/influences-of-interelectrode-distance-and-innervation-zone-on-electromyographic-signals
#16
Cory M Smith, Terry J Housh, Jorge M Zuniga, Clayton L Camic, Haley C Bergstrom, Doug B Smith, Trent Herda, Joseph P Weir, Ethan Cole Hill, Nathaniel David Moyer Jenkins, Richard J Schmidt, Glen Johnson
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of electrode placements centered over and offset from the innervation zone (IZ) with different interelectrode distances (IED) on the time and frequency domain parameters of the electromyographic (EMG) signal during a fatiguing submaximal, isometric workout. 11 adults performed an isometric leg extension muscle action at 50% maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) to exhaustion. Electromyographic amplitude and frequency parameters were determined from electrode placements with different IED centered over, at proximal offset, at distal offset, and away from the IZ at 10, 50, and 100% of the time to exhaustion using an electrode array...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986504/the-consequences-of-chronic-cannabis-smoking-in-vulnerable-adolescents
#17
REVIEW
Montaha Al Iede, Kenneth Nunn, Bronwyn Milne, Dominic A Fitzgerald
Cannabis, like the mythic shape-shifter, presents in various guises, morphing with the perspective and context of the observer. Arguments about cannabis are confused by a myriad of debates-medical, social, ethical and political-as if a single conceptual umbrella can capture the variety and granularity of marijuana-related issues. This paper responds to marijuana use as it is commonly practised by youth in Australia. It has little to say about synthetic cannabinoids, specific medicinal cannabinoids, or medicinal properties of marijuana...
November 9, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957714/association-of-lipid-peroxidation-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-with-executive-function-in-adolescent-bipolar-disorder
#18
Dwight F Newton, Melanie R Naiberg, Ana C Andreazza, Gustavo Scola, Daniel P Dickstein, Benjamin I Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Executive dysfunction is common and impairing in youth bipolar disorder (BD), and oxidative stress (OS) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) have been implicated in executive deficits of adult BD. This study aimed to determine the association between OS and executive dysfunction in BD adolescents and the influence of BDNF on this association. METHODS: Serum levels of lipid hydroperoxides (LPH) and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE) and BDNF levels were measured in 29 BD and 25 control adolescents...
December 12, 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935031/interictal-epileptiform-discharges-impair-word-recall-in-multiple-brain-areas
#19
Peter C Horak, Stephen Meisenhelter, Yinchen Song, Markus E Testorf, Michael J Kahana, Weston D Viles, Krzysztof A Bujarski, Andrew C Connolly, Ashlee A Robbins, Michael R Sperling, Ashwini D Sharan, Gregory A Worrell, Laura R Miller, Robert E Gross, Kathryn A Davis, David W Roberts, Bradley Lega, Sameer A Sheth, Kareem A Zaghloul, Joel M Stein, Sandhitsu R Das, Daniel S Rizzuto, Barbara C Jobst
OBJECTIVES: Interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) have been linked to memory impairment, but the spatial and temporal dynamics of this relationship remain elusive. In the present study, we aim to systematically characterize the brain areas and times at which IEDs affect memory. METHODS: Eighty epilepsy patients participated in a delayed free recall task while undergoing intracranial electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring. We analyzed the locations and timing of IEDs relative to the behavioral data in order to measure their effects on memory...
March 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836148/volumetric-shrinkage-and-film-thickness-of-cementation-materials-for-veneers-an-in%C3%A2-vitro-3d-microcomputed-tomography-analysis
#20
Camila S Sampaio, João Malta Barbosa, Eduardo Cáceres, Lindiane C Rigo, Paulo G Coelho, Estevam A Bonfante, Ronaldo Hirata
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Few studies have investigated the volumetric polymerization shrinkage and film thickness of the different cementation techniques used to cement veneers. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the volumetric polymerization shrinkage (VS) and film thickness (FT) of various cementation techniques through 3-dimensional (3D) microcomputed tomography (μCT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight artificial plastic maxillary central incisors with standard preparations for veneers were provided by a mannequin manufacturer (P-Oclusal) and used as testing models with the manufacturer's plastic veneers...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
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