keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ied

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230629/point-of-injury-tourniquet-application-during-operation-protective-edge-what-de-we-learn
#1
Amir Shlaifer, Avraham Yitzhak, Erez N Baruch, Avi Shina, Alexandra Satanovsky, Amiram Shovali, Ofer Almog, Elon Glassberg
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is a leading cause of preventable death on the battlefield. Timely tourniquet application to massively bleeding extremity wounds is critical for casualty survival albeit with reported adverse effects to extremity integrity. The aim of this study was to describe the immediate and short term outcomes of point of injury (POI) tourniquet applications during 'Operation Protective Edge' (OPE). METHODS: A case series study regarding tourniquet application at the POI during OPE was collected...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191653/generalized-hostile-interpretation-bias-regarding-facial-expressions-characteristic-of-pathological-aggressive-behavior
#2
Danique Smeijers, Mike Rinck, Erik Bulten, Thom van den Heuvel, Robbert-Jan Verkes
Individuals with aggression regulation disorders tend to attribute hostility to others in socially ambiguous situations. Previous research suggests that this "hostile attribution bias" is a powerful cause of aggression. Facial expressions form important cues in the appreciation of others' intentions. Furthermore, accurate processing of facial expressions is fundamental to normal socialization. However, research on interpretation biases in facial affect is limited. It is asserted that a hostile interpretation bias (HIB) is likely to be displayed by individuals with an antisocial (ASPD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) and probably also with an intermittent explosive disorder (IED)...
February 12, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187907/a-correlation-analysis-of-metacarpal-phalangeal-injury-pattern-from-improvised-explosive-devices-amongst-armed-force-personnel
#3
R M T Staruch, G E Glass, A Johnson, J Hodson, S P Hettiaratchy, A R Kay, D Chester
Injuries to the hand during military combat operations, particularly from improvised explosive devices (IEDs) have a significant impact on form, function, mental health and future employment but remain underreported amidst the life and limb-threatening emergencies that garner more attention. An understanding the patterns of hand injuries encountered from IEDs is crucial to optimizing reconstruction and rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to re-evaluate hand injury sustained from IED in order to understand the clinical burden for reconstruction and direct the focus for future hand protection...
January 19, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166898/identification-of-the-emplacement-of-improvised-explosive-devices-by-experienced-mission-payload-operators
#4
Nathan J McNeese, Nancy J Cooke, Russell Branaghan, Ashley Knobloch, Amanda Taylor
Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) have become one of the deadliest threats to military personnel, resulting in over 50% of American combat casualties in Iraq and Afghanistan. Identification of IED emplacement is conducted by mission payload operators (MPOs). Yet, experienced MPOs are limited in number, making MPO training a critical intervention. In this article, we implement a Cognitive Engineering Based on Expert Skill methodology to better understand how experienced MPOs identify the emplacement of IEDs for the purposes of improving training...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147509/cooling-of-isolated-anthracene-cations-probed-with-photons-of-different-wavelengths-in-the-mini-ring
#5
M Ji, J Bernard, L Chen, R Brédy, C Ortéga, C Joblin, A Cassimi, S Martin
We report on a direct measurement of the Internal Energy Distribution (IED) shift rate of an initially hot polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) molecular ensemble, anthracene cations (C14H10(+)). The ions were produced in an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) ion source and stored in an electrostatic ion storage ring, the Mini-Ring. Laser pulses of two wavelengths were sent successively to merge the stored ion bunch at different storage times to enhance the neutral fragment yield due to fast laser induced dissociation...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109984/the-long-term-course-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-from-unilateral-to-bilateral-interictal-epileptiform-discharges-in-repeated-video-eeg-monitorings
#6
Stephanie Gollwitzer, Catherine A Scott, Fiona Farrell, Gail S Bell, Jane de Tisi, Matthew C Walker, Tim Wehner, Josemir W Sander, Hajo M Hamer, Beate Diehl
INTRODUCTION: Bilateral interictal epileptiform discharges (IED) and ictal patterns are common in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and have been associated with decreased chances of seizure freedom after epilepsy surgery. It is unclear whether secondary epileptogenesis, although demonstrated in experimental models, exists in humans and may account for progression of epilepsy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed consecutive video-EEG recordings from 1992 to 2014 repeated at least two years apart (mean interval 6...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107996/the-stability-of-tnt-rdx-and-petn-in-simulated-post-explosion-soils-implications-of-sample-preparation-for-analysis
#7
H A Yu, D A DeTata, S W Lewis, N Nic Daeid
Explosives residues in soils may be a useful source of evidence following the detonation of an improvised explosive device (IED), such as a vehicle-borne IED. Soil samples collected from the vicinity of an explosion scene will often be stored for some time prior to analysis, yet explosives residues in soil samples are susceptible to rapid degradation or transformation. Although some research has assessed the use of different storage temperatures with a view to reducing explosives' degradation over time, further research examining the degradation of explosives in soil when stored under a variety of storage conditions is crucial to determine the optimal sample collection and storage procedures for soil containing explosives residues...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088746/development-of-a-screening-questionnaire-for-dsm-5-intermittent-explosive-disorder-ied-sq
#8
Emil F Coccaro, Mitchell E Berman, Michael S McCloskey
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to develop and test a screening approach to identify individuals with DSM-5 Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED), a disorder of recurrent, problematic, impulsive aggression. METHODS: A screening approach to diagnose DSM-5 IED (IED-SQ) was developed by combining items related to life history of aggression and items related to the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for IED. In study 1, the IED-SQ was studied in 72 adult participants; 33 that met DSM-5 criteria for lifetime IED and 39 that did not...
December 22, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061379/assessment-of-the-non-gaussianity-and-non-linearity-levels-of-simulated-semg-signals-on-stationary-segments
#9
Noureddine Messaoudi, Raïs El'hadi Bekka, Philippe Ravier, Rachid Harba
The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the effects of the longitudinal single differential (LSD), the longitudinal double differential (LDD) and the normal double differential (NDD) spatial filters, the electrode shape, the inter-electrode distance (IED) on non-Gaussianity and non-linearity levels of simulated surface EMG (sEMG) signals when the maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) varied from 10% to 100% by a step of 10%. The effects of recruitment range thresholds (RR), the firing rate (FR) strategy and the peak firing rate (PFR) of motor units were also considered...
February 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053558/high-fidelity-medical-simulation-training-improves-medical-students-knowledge-and-confidence-levels-in-septic-shock-resuscitation
#10
Veerapong Vattanavanit, Jarernporn Kawla-Ied, Rungsun Bhurayanontachai
BACKGROUND: Septic shock resuscitation bundles have poor compliance worldwide partly due to a lack of knowledge and clinical skills. High-fidelity simulation-based training is a new teaching technology in our faculty which may improve the performance of medical students in the resuscitation process. However, since the efficacy of this training method in our institute is limited, we organized an extra class for this evaluation. PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate the effect on medical students' knowledge and confidence levels after the high-fidelity medical simulation training in septic shock management...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012305/social-emotional-information-processing-in-adults-development-and-psychometrics-of-a-computerized-video-assessment-in-healthy-controls-and-aggressive-individuals
#11
Emil F Coccaro, Jennifer R Fanning, Eliana Fisher, Laurel Couture, Royce J Lee
A computerized version of an assessment of Social-Emotional Information Processing (SEIP) using audio-video film stimuli instead of written narrative vignettes was developed for use in adult participants. This task allows for an assessment of encoding or relevant/irrelevant social-emotional information, attribution bias, and endorsement of appropriate, physically aggressive, and relationally aggressive responses to aversive social-emotional stimuli. The psychometric properties of this Video-SEIP (V-SEIP) assessment were examined in 75 healthy controls (HC) and in 75 individuals with DSM-5 Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED) and were also compared with the original questionnaire (SEIP-Q) version of the task (HC=26; IED=26)...
November 8, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006829/influences-of-interelectrode-distance-and-innervation-zone-on-electromyographic-signals
#12
Cory M Smith, Terry J Housh, Jorge M Zuniga, Clayton L Camic, Haley C Bergstrom, Doug B Smith, Trent Herda, Joseph P Weir, Ethan Cole Hill, Nathaniel David Moyer Jenkins, Richard J Schmidt, Glen Johnson
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of electrode placements centered over and offset from the innervation zone (IZ) with different interelectrode distances (IED) on the time and frequency domain parameters of the electromyographic (EMG) signal during a fatiguing submaximal, isometric workout. 11 adults performed an isometric leg extension muscle action at 50% maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) to exhaustion. Electromyographic amplitude and frequency parameters were determined from electrode placements with different IED centered over, at proximal offset, at distal offset, and away from the IZ at 10, 50, and 100% of the time to exhaustion using an electrode array...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986504/the-consequences-of-chronic-cannabis-smoking-in-vulnerable-adolescents
#13
REVIEW
Montaha Al Iede, Kenneth Nunn, Bronwyn Milne, Dominic A Fitzgerald
Cannabis, like the mythic shape-shifter, presents in various guises, morphing with the perspective and context of the observer. Arguments about cannabis are confused by a myriad of debates-medical, social, ethical and political-as if a single conceptual umbrella can capture the variety and granularity of marijuana-related issues. This paper responds to marijuana use as it is commonly practised by youth in Australia. It has little to say about synthetic cannabinoids, specific medicinal cannabinoids, or medicinal properties of marijuana...
November 9, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957714/association-of-lipid-peroxidation-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-with-executive-function-in-adolescent-bipolar-disorder
#14
Dwight F Newton, Melanie R Naiberg, Ana C Andreazza, Gustavo Scola, Daniel P Dickstein, Benjamin I Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Executive dysfunction is common and impairing in youth bipolar disorder (BD), and oxidative stress (OS) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) have been implicated in executive deficits of adult BD. This study aimed to determine the association between OS and executive dysfunction in BD adolescents and the influence of BDNF on this association. METHODS: Serum levels of lipid hydroperoxides (LPH) and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE) and BDNF levels were measured in 29 BD and 25 control adolescents...
December 12, 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935031/interictal-epileptiform-discharges-impair-word-recall-in-multiple-brain-areas
#15
Peter C Horak, Stephen Meisenhelter, Yinchen Song, Markus E Testorf, Michael J Kahana, Weston D Viles, Krzysztof A Bujarski, Andrew C Connolly, Ashlee A Robbins, Michael R Sperling, Ashwini D Sharan, Gregory A Worrell, Laura R Miller, Robert E Gross, Kathryn A Davis, David W Roberts, Bradley Lega, Sameer A Sheth, Kareem A Zaghloul, Joel M Stein, Sandhitsu R Das, Daniel S Rizzuto, Barbara C Jobst
OBJECTIVES: Interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) have been linked to memory impairment, but the spatial and temporal dynamics of this relationship remain elusive. In the present study, we aim to systematically characterize the brain areas and times at which IEDs affect memory. METHODS: Eighty epilepsy patients participated in a delayed free recall task while undergoing intracranial electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring. We analyzed the locations and timing of IEDs relative to the behavioral data in order to measure their effects on memory...
December 9, 2016: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836148/volumetric-shrinkage-and-film-thickness-of-cementation-materials-for-veneers-an-in%C3%A2-vitro-3d-microcomputed-tomography-analysis
#16
Camila S Sampaio, João Malta Barbosa, Eduardo Cáceres, Lindiane C Rigo, Paulo G Coelho, Estevam A Bonfante, Ronaldo Hirata
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Few studies have investigated the volumetric polymerization shrinkage and film thickness of the different cementation techniques used to cement veneers. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the volumetric polymerization shrinkage (VS) and film thickness (FT) of various cementation techniques through 3-dimensional (3D) microcomputed tomography (μCT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight artificial plastic maxillary central incisors with standard preparations for veneers were provided by a mannequin manufacturer (P-Oclusal) and used as testing models with the manufacturer's plastic veneers...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835831/spatial-distribution-of-surface-emg-on-trapezius-and-lumbar-muscles-of-violin-and-cello-players-in-single-note-playing
#17
Babak Afsharipour, Francesco Petracca, Mauro Gasparini, Roberto Merletti
Musicians activate their muscles in different patterns, depending on their posture, the instrument being played, and their experience level. Bipolar surface electrodes have been used in the past to monitor such activity, but this method is highly sensitive to the location of the electrode pair. In this work, the spatial distribution of surface EMG (sEMG) of the right trapezius and right and left erector spinae muscles were studied in 16 violin players and 11 cello players. Musicians played their instrument one string at a time in sitting position with/without backrest support...
December 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798944/deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-anterior-limb-of-the-internal-capsule-may-be-efficacious-for-explosive-aggressive-behaviour
#18
Flavio Giordano, Michele Cavallo, Barbara Spacca, Stefano Pallanti, Francesco Tomaiuolo, Fulvio Pieraccini, Andrea Fagiolini, Manuela Grandoni, Federico Melani, Anna Zicca, Stelvio Sestini, Lorenzo Genitori
BACKGROUND: Intermittent explosive disease (IED) is a psychiatric disorder characterized by intermittent attacks of rage and violence frequently resistant to pharmacological therapy. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the posteromedial hypothalamus has been applied with fair results and clinical improvement with some surgical morbidity due to neurovegetative side effects. The anterior limb of the internal capsule/ventral capsule/ventral striatum (VC/VS) has never been used alone as a target for this disease...
2016: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751213/-role-of-video-electroencephalogram-in-diagnosis-and-localization-of-epilepsy-in-children
#19
Xiao-Yan Yang, Li-Li Long, Bo Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To study the role of video electroencephalogram (VEEG) versus regular electroencephalogram (REEG) in the diagnosis of epilepsy and localization of origin of epileptic discharge in children through a comparative analysis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 223 children with clinical paroxysmal symptoms in the past and suspected epilepsy. VEEG and REEG were compared from the aspects of monitoring of clinical seizures, interictal epileptiform discharge (IED), localization of the origin of IED, and identification of non-epileptic seizures, and the detection rate of IED during awakening and sleep stages was also compared...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697074/18f-fdg-pet-correlates-of-impulse-control-disorder-in-a-diabetic-patient
#20
Burak Yulug, Lutfu Hanoglu, Ahmet Mithat Tavli, Tansel Cakır, Elmir Khanmammadov, Oktay Olmuscelik
BACKGROUND: Studies have already shown that hyperglycemia and insulin resistance is significantly associated with the impairment of cerebral glucose metabolism that may secondary lead to cognitive disturbances. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the neurometabolic correlates of diabetes in a patient with Intermittent explosive disorder (IED). METHODS: We have investigated the cerebral glucose metabolism via 2-[18F]-fluoro-2- deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in a diabetic patient with aggressive outbursts...
September 30, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
keyword
keyword
42809
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"