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ECT, Electroconvulsive therapy, TMS, transcranial magnetic stimulation

Celeste A Azevedo, Antonios Mammis
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this review is to explore alternative neurological therapies in the treatment of alcohol use disorder; including transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial magnetic stimulation, deep brain stimulation (DBS), electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), and the off-label use of the GABAB receptor agonist baclofen. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted through EBSCOhost regarding the neurological therapies in the treatment of alcoholism discussed in this paper...
January 5, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Racheli Magnezi, Emanuel Aminov, Dikla Shmuel, Merav Dreifuss, Pinhas Dannon
OBJECTIVES: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common disorder, widely distributed in the population, and is often associated with severe symptoms and functional impairment. It has been estimated that 30% of MDD patients do not benefit adequately from therapeutic interventions, including pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy. Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) is generally defined as a failure to achieve remission, despite therapeutic interventions. AIM: The most effective treatment alternatives for TRD are hospitalization, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Hesam Ghiasvand, Mohammad Moradi-Joo, Nazanin Abolhassani, Hamid Ravaghi, Seyed Mansoor Raygani, Sahar Mohabbat-Bahar
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that major depression disorders constitute 8.2% of years lived with disability (YLDs) globally. The repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) and Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) are two relative common interventions to treat major depressive disorders, especially for treatment resistant depression. In this study the cost- effectiveness and cost-utility of rTMS were compared with ECT in Iranian population suffering from major depressive disorder using a decision tree model...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Tomasz Zyss, Wojciech Rachel, Wojciech Datka, Robert T Hese, Piotr Gorczyca, Andrzej Zięba, Wojciech Piekoszewski
In the last decades a few new physical methods based on the electromagnetic head stimulation were subjected to the clinical research. To them belong:--vagus nerve stimulation (VNS),--magnetic seizure therapy/magnetoconvulsive therapy (MST/MCT),--deep stimulation of the brain (DBS) and--transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). The paper presents a description of mentioned techniques (nature, advantages, defects, restrictions), which were compared to the applied electroconvulsive treatment ECT, earlier described transcranial magnetic stimulation TMS and the pharmacotherapy (the basis of the psychiatric treatment)...
2016: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Carlos Schönfeldt-Lecuona, Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur, Peter Lepping, Joachim Liepert, Bernhard J Connemann, Alexander Sartorius, Dennis A Nowak, Maximilian Gahr
Conversion (functional) limb weakness or paralysis (FW) can be a debilitating condition, and often causes significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. Most treatment concepts are multi-disciplinary, containing a behavioral approach combined with a motor learning program. Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) methods, such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) have been used in the past few decades to treat FW. In order to identify all published studies that used NIBS methods such as ECT, TMS and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for treating FW patients a systematic review of the literature was conducted in PubMed and Web of Science...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Ahmad Bayrlee, Nimalya Ganeshalingam, Lisa Kurczewski, Gretchen M Brophy
Super-refractory status epilepticus (SRSE) is a devastating neurological condition with limited treatment options. We conducted an extensive literature search to identify and summarize the therapeutic options for SRSE. The search mainly resulted in case reports of various pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatments. The success rate of each of the following agents, ketamine, inhaled anesthetics, intravenous immunoglobulin G (IVIG), IV steroids, ketogenic diet, hypothermia, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and vagal nerve stimulation (VNS), are discussed in greater detail...
October 2015: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Shih-Jen Tsai
Antidepressants are currently used as initial therapies for major depressive disorder (MDD). However, despite the remarkable increase in medications validated as effective in MDD, treatments are still plagued by inadequate responses in part of MDD patients. For MDD with inadequate responses to medications, brain stimulation methods such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), and deep brain stimulation (DBS) have been used as alternative strategies for treatment of depression, although each of these modalities has an indication for MDD treatment resistance and suffers from a limitation or weakness...
April 2015: Medical Hypotheses
Chandramouli Krishnan, Luciana Santos, Mark D Peterson, Margaret Ehinger
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial current stimulation (tCS) have the potential to mitigate a variety of symptoms associated with neurological and psychiatric conditions, including stroke, cerebral palsy, autism, depression, and Tourette syndrome. While the safety of these modalities has been established in adults, there is a paucity of research assessing the safety of NIBS among children. OBJECTIVE: To examine the existing literature regarding the safety of NIBS techniques in children and adolescents with neurologic and neuropsychiatric disorders...
January 2015: Brain Stimulation
Ulrich Palm, Samar S Ayache, Frank Padberg, Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disabling neurological disorder presenting a variety of symptoms which are hard to control by actual drug regimens. Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques have been investigated in the past years for the improvement of several neurologic and psychiatric disorders. OBJECTIVE: Here, we review the application of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS, iTBS) and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in MS patients...
November 2014: Brain Stimulation
Diarmid Sinclair, Clive E Adams
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a common serious mental health condition which has significant morbidity and financial consequences. The mainstay of treatment has been antipsychotic medication but one third of people will have a 'treatment resistant' and most disabling and costly illness. The aim of this survey was to produce a broad overview of available randomised evidence for interventions for people whose schizophrenic illness has been designated 'treatment resistant'. METHOD: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's comprehensive Trials Register, selected all relevant randomised trials and, taking care not to double count, extracted the number of people randomised within each study...
2014: BMC Psychiatry
Melisse Bais, Martijn Figee, Damiaan Denys
Neuromodulation techniques in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) involve electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and deep brain stimulation (DBS). This article reviews the available literature on the efficacy and applicability of these techniques in OCD. ECT is used for the treatment of comorbid depression or psychosis. One case report on tDCS showed no effects in OCD. Low-frequency TMS provides significant but mostly transient improvement of obsessive-compulsive symptoms...
September 2014: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
C W Slotema, J D Blom, I E C Sommer
BACKGROUND: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) are experienced not only by patients diagnosed with schizophrenia, but also by patients with other disorders (some of which may be psychiatric) and in the general population. The ensuing affliction may be severe and can sometimes result in dangerous behaviour. Although various treatment options are available for AVH, only a few have been investigated in randomised placebo-controlled trials. AIM: To provide an overview of the literature relating to the effectiveness of antipsychotics, cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), electroconvulsive therapy (ect), and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in the treatment of avh...
2014: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
David Israeli, Yair Ben-Menahem, Maayan Wertman, Leon Grunhous
Neuropsychiatric disorders are generally accompanied by a change in brain activity (hyperactivity or deficiency compared to normal activity). Therefore, intervention in brain activity may provide treatment for different disorders. In this paper we review various methods of brain stimulation: some that are familiar and have been in use for several years such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS); and others that are new and still being studied but have obtained promising preliminary results such as vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), deep brain stimulation (DBS], magnetic seizure therapy, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS] and near-infrared therapy...
November 2013: Harefuah
J Luigjes, R Breteler, S Vanneste, D de Ridder
BACKGROUND: In recent years several neuromodulation techniques have been introduced as interventions for addiction. AIM: To review and discuss studies that have investigated the effects of treating addiction by means of electroencephalography (EEG) neurofeedback, real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (rt-fMRI) neurofeedback, transcranial magnetic stimulation/transcranial direct current stimulation (TMS/tDCS) and deep brain stimulation (DBS). METHOD: We reviewed the literature, focusing on Dutch studies in particular...
2013: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Anna Wani, Kenneth Trevino, Paige Marnell, Mustafa M Husain
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is a common and debilitating psychiatric disorder that negatively impacts a large portion of the population. Although a range of antidepressant treatments have been developed, many patients are unable to obtain an adequate therapeutic response despite completing several antidepressant medication trials. As a result, neurostimulation treatment modalities have been developed as potential alternatives. This article provides an overview of advances in neurostimulation for treating depression...
August 2013: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
Jing Xie, Jianjun Chen, Qianping Wei
BACKGROUND: Studies comparing the antidepressant effects of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) have reported mixed results, as the choice of rTMS stimulus parameters is essential to its antidepressive effect. This meta-analysis aimed at assessing how rTMS stimulus parameters influence the efficacy of rTMS relative to ECT in treating major depression. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search (including PubMed, CCTR, Web of Science, Embase, EAGLE, NTIS, CBM-disc, CNKI, Current Controlled Trials, Clinical Trials, International Clinical Trials Registry, and Internet Stroke Center) was conducted dating until December 2012...
December 2013: Neurological Research
Minoru Takebayashi
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was initially developed as a treatment for schizophrenia. Currently, the application of ECT for schizophrenia is controversial because of several international guidelines; however, catatonia is acceptable for the indications by all guidelines. Schizophrenic patients with affective, catatonic, and positive symptoms of recent onset may respond favorably to ECT. Additionally, ECT may improve responsivity to pharmacotherapy for some indications. Therefore, a combination of ECT with pharmacotherapy including clozapine may be effective for the pharmacotherapy -resistant schizophrenia...
April 2013: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Bruce Luber, Shawn M McClintock, Sarah H Lisanby
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can be used to probe cortical function and treat neuropsychiatric illnesses. TMS has demonstrated neuroplastic effects akin to long-term potentiation and long-term depression, and therapeutic applications are in development for post-stroke recovery, Alzheimer's disease, and depression in seniors. Here, we discuss two new directions of TMS research relevant to cerebral aging and cognition. First, we introduce a paradigm for enhancing cognitive reserve, based on our research in sleep deprivation...
March 2013: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
Mario A Cristancho, Amanda Helmer, Ryan Connolly, Pilar Cristancho, John P O'Reardon
BACKGROUND: Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is an efficacious, well-tolerated, noninvasive brain stimulation treatment for major depressive disorder. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective maintenance treatment for depression but is not tolerated by some patients and declined by others. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effectiveness of TMS as a substitution strategy for successful maintenance ECT. METHODS: A consecutive clinical case series (n = 6) of maintenance ECT patients were transitioned to maintenance TMS because of adverse effects from ECT or because of specific patient request and preference...
June 2013: Journal of ECT
Motoaki Nakamura
It has been reported that approximately one third of patients with major depression are medication-resistant. In spite of partial responsiveness to antidepressants, most of the medication-resistant patients remain incompletely remitted without successful social reintegration. Symptom severity could be mild to moderate for many of them due to the incomplete remission, and, thus, electroconvulsive therapy is not applicable for them. However, they usually feel some difficulty performing cognitive behavioral therapy or social rehabilitation training due to residual symptoms such as thought inhibition and hypobulia...
2012: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
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