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Vascular smooth muscle cells

Bin Zhang, Bei Liu, Carolyn M Roos, Michael A Thompson, Y S Prakash, Jordan D Miller, Rui-Wei Guo
Store depletion has been shown to induce Ca2+ entry by Na+/Ca+ exchange (NCX) 1 reversal in proliferative vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). The study objective was to investigate the role of transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels in store depletion and NCX1 reversal in proliferative VSMCs. In cultured VSMCs, expressing TRPC1, TRPC4, and TRPC6, the removal of extracellular Na+ was followed by a significant increase of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration that was inhibited by KBR, a selective NCX1 inhibitor...
March 21, 2018: Channels
Min-Young Kwon, Narae Hwang, Young-Jun Park, Mark A Perrella, Su Wol Chung
Expression of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain protein 2 (NOD2) is upregulated in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) during hypoxia. To investigate the involvement of NOD2 in the pulmonary vascular response to hypoxia, we subjected wild-type and NOD2-deficient mice to chronic normobaric hypoxic conditions. Compared to wild-type mice, NOD2-deficient mice developed severe pulmonary hypertension with exaggerated elevation of right ventricular systolic pressure, profound right ventricular hypertrophy and striking vascular remodeling after exposure to hypoxia...
February 27, 2018: Oncotarget
László Potor, Péter Nagy, Gábor Méhes, Zoltán Hendrik, Viktória Jeney, Dávid Pethő, Anita Vasas, Zoltán Pálinkás, Enikő Balogh, Ágnes Gyetvai, Matthew Whiteman, Roberta Torregrossa, Mark E Wood, Sándor Olvasztó, Péter Nagy, György Balla, József Balla
The infiltration of red blood cells into atheromatous plaques is implicated in atherogenesis. Inside the lesion, hemoglobin (Hb) is oxidized to ferri- and ferrylHb which exhibit prooxidant and proinflammatory activities. Cystathione gamma-lyase- (CSE-) derived H2 S has been suggested to possess various antiatherogenic actions. Expression of CSE was upregulated predominantly in macrophages, foam cells, and myofibroblasts of human atherosclerotic lesions derived from carotid artery specimens of patients. A similar pattern was observed in aortic lesions of apolipoprotein E-deficient mice on high-fat diet...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Claire Hudson, Tomomi E Kimura, Aparna Duggirala, Graciela B Sala-Newby, Andrew C Newby, Mark Bond
Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation has been implicated in the development of restenosis after angioplasty, vein graft intimal thickening and atherogenesis. We investigated the mechanisms underlying positive and negative regulation of VSMC proliferation by the transcription factor cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB). Incubation with the cAMP elevating stimuli, adenosine, prostacyclin mimetics or low levels of forksolin activated CREB without changing CREB phosphorylation on serine-133 but induced nuclear translocation of the CREB co-factors CRTC-2 and CRTC-3...
March 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jian Yang, Ping Zeng, Jun Yang, Xiaowen Liu, Jiawang Ding, Huibo Wang, Lihua Chen
PURPOSE: Hyperglycemia is the high risk factor of vascular remodeling induced by angioplasty, and neointimal hyperplasia is strongly implicated in the pathogenesis of vascular remodeling caused by carotid artery balloon injury. Studies have shown that MicroRNA 24 (miR-24) plays an important role in angiocardiopathy, However, the role of miR-24 is far from thorough research. In this study, we investigate whether up-regulation of miR-24 by using miR-24 recombinant adenovirus (Ad-miR-24-GFP) can inhibit PDGF-BB signaling pathway and attenuate vascular remodeling in the diabetic rat model...
March 17, 2018: Gene
Katsuhiro Hosoyama, Shohei Wakao, Yoshihiro Kushida, Fumitaka Ogura, Kay Maeda, Osamu Adachi, Shunsuke Kawamoto, Mari Dezawa, Yoshikatsu Saiki
OBJECTIVES: Aortic aneurysms result from the degradation of multiple components represented by endothelial cells, vascular smooth muscle cells, and elastic fibers. Cells that can replenish these components are desirable for cell-based therapy. Intravenously injected multilineage-differentiating stress-enduring (Muse) cells, endogenous nontumorigenic pluripotent-like stem cells, reportedly integrate into the damaged site and repair the tissue through spontaneous differentiation into tissue-compatible cells...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Leonardo Elia, Paolo Kunderfranco, Pierluigi Carullo, Marco Vacchiano, Floriana Maria Farina, Ignacio Fernando Hall, Stefano Mantero, Cristina Panico, Roberto Papait, Gianluigi Condorelli, Manuela Quintavalle
Adult vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) possess the peculiar ability to de-differentiate in response to extracellular cues, such as vascular damage and inflammation. De-differentiated VSMCs are proliferative, migratory, and have decreased contractile capacity. VSMC dedifferentiation contributes not only to vascular repair, but also to cardiovascular pathologies, such as intimal hyperplasia/restenosis in coronary artery or peripheral vascular diseases and arterial aneurysm. We here demonstrate the role of ubiquitin-like, containing PHD and RING finger domains, 1 (UHRF1) as an epigenetic master regulator of VSMC plasticity...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Masashi Sakuma, Takahisa Nasuno, Shichiro Abe, Syotaro Obi, Shigeru Toyoda, Isao Taguchi, Ryoichi Sohma, Ken-Ichi Inoue, Setsu Nishino, Koichi Node, Guiherme Attizzani, Hiram Bezerra, Marco Costa, Daniel Simon, Teruo Inoue
Background: Bone marrow-derived progenitor cells likely contribute to both endothelial- and smooth muscle cell-dependent healing responses in stent-injured vessel sites. This study aimed to assess mobilization of progenitor cells and vessel healing after zotarolimus-eluting (ZES) and everolimus-eluting (EES) stents. Methods and results: In 63 patients undergoing coronary stent implantation, we measured circulating CD34 + CD133 + CD45low cells and serum levels of biomarkers relevant to stem cell mobilization...
March 2018: IJC Heart & Vasculature
Goro Katsuumi, Ippei Shimizu, Yohko Yoshida, Tohru Minamino
In mammals, aging is associated with accumulation of senescent cells. Stresses such as telomere shortening and reactive oxygen species induce "cellular senescence", which is characterized by growth arrest and alteration of the gene expression profile. Chronological aging is associated with development of age-related diseases, including heart failure, diabetes, and atherosclerotic disease, and studies have shown that accumulation of senescent cells has a causative role in the pathology of these age-related disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
Michel Lagarde, Michel Guichardant, Nathalie Bernoud-Hubac, Catherine Calzada, Evelyne Véricel
The oxygenation metabolism of arachidonic acid (ArA) has been early described in blood platelets, in particular with its conversion into the potent labile thromboxane A2 that induces platelet aggregation and vascular smooth muscle cells contraction. In addition, the primary prostaglandins D2 and E2 have been mainly reported as inhibitors of platelet function. The platelet 12-lipoxygenase (12-LOX) product, i.e. the hydroperoxide 12-HpETE, appears to stimulate platelet ArA metabolism at the level of its release from membrane phospholipids through phospholipase A2 (cPLA2 ) and cyclooxygenase (COX-1) activities, the first enzymes in prostanoid production cascade...
March 16, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Yan Zhang, Hong Li, Yingqin Jia, Pengfei Yang, Feng Zhao, Wei Wang, Wenqing Liu, Guisheng Chen, Xiaoqing Zhuang, Juan Li
BACKGROUD: Vascular calcification is currently recognized as an important pathobiological process in atherosclerosis, but the mechanism remains elusive. Given the similarities in vascular calcification and bone formation,18 F-sodium fluoride (18 F-NaF) is now considered a novel marker of vascular calcification. This study aimed to correlate18 F-NaF accumulation with the histological characterization of vascular calcification in carotid plaques. METHODS: A total of 8 patients who were undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for carotid artery stenosis were recruited...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Mingjie Zhang, Zhiyu Feng, Rui Huang, Chongrui Sun, Zhuoming Xu
BACKGROUND Establishing a shunt-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) model in mice would be of great scientific value, but no such models have been reported to date. Here, we established a shunt-associated PAH in mice to investigate the characteristics of pulmonary vascular remodeling, which provides a new platform for the in-depth study of PAH associated with congenital heart disease (CHD). MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighty mice were randomly divided into the heavy shunt group (n=32), the small shunt group (n=32), the sham operation group (n=8), and the control group (n=8)...
March 19, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Katherine Peters, Jamie T Caracciolo, Evita Henderson-Jackson, Odion Binitie
Myopericytomas are rare, slow-growing benign perivascular tumors most commonly arising within the superficial subcutaneous soft tissues of the lower extremity. They represent one of several related perivascular tumors of myoid lineage with similar morphology and shared immunohistochemical profile including positive staining for smooth muscle actin. Histologically, myopericytoma exhibit concentric, perivascular proliferation of spindled myoid cells with bland elongated nuclei and associated blood vessels. A solitary well-demarcated nodule or mass is typically referred to as myopericytoma, whereas an infiltrative multinodular lesion has more recently been termed myopericytomatosis...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Christa Caesar, Alicia N Lyle, Giji Joseph, Daiana Weiss, Fadi M F Alameddine, Bernard Lassègue, Kathy K Griendling, W Robert Taylor
Hypertension has a direct impact on vascular hypertrophy and is a known risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. Osteopontin (OPN) has emerged as an important protein mediator of inflammation and remodeling of large arteries. However, its role and mechanism of regulation in the setting of hypertension is still unknown. Our objectives for this study were therefore to investigate the role of OPN in hypertension-induced vascular remodeling and inflammation. OPN Knockout (KO) and wild type (WT) mice were made hypertensive with angiotensin II (Ang II) infusion for seven days...
April 2017: Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering
Beyza Gökçinar-Yagci, Nilgün Yersal, Petek Korkusuz, Betül Çelebi-Saltik
Small-diameter vascular grafts are needed for the treatment of coronary artery diseases in the case of limited accessibility of the autologous vessels. Synthetic scaffolds have many disadvantages so in recent years vascular constructs (VCs) made from cellularized natural scaffolds was seen to be very promising but number of studies comprising this area is very limited. In our study, our aim is to generate fully natural triple-layered VC that constitutes all the layers of blood vessel with vascular cells. CD146+ perivascular cells (PCs) were isolated from human umbilical cord vein (HUCV) and differentiated into smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and fibroblasts...
March 14, 2018: Microvascular Research
Fabio L M Ricciardolo, Gert Folkerts, Anna Folino, Barbara Mognetti
Bradykinin, a pro-inflammatory molecule, and its related peptides have been studied for their effects on acute reactions in upper and lower airways, where they can be synthesised and metabolized after exposure to different stimuli including allergens and viral infection. Bradykinin B1 and B2 receptors are constitutively expressed in the airways on several residential and/or immune cells. Their expression can also be induced by inflammatory mediators, usually associated with eosinophil and neutrophil recruitment, such as IL-4, IL-13, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8, via intracellular MAPK and NF-κB signalling...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Gabriele G Schiattarella, Rosalinda Madonna, Sophie Van Linthout, Thomas Thum, Rainer Schulz, Peter Ferdinandy, Cinzia Perrino
Vascular adaptations to either physiological or pathophysiological conditions commonly require gene expression modifications in the most represented cellular elements of the vessel wall, i.e. endothelial and smooth muscle cells. In addition to transcription factors, a number of mechanisms contribute to the regulation of gene expression in these cells including noncoding RNAs, histone and DNA modifications, collectively indicated as epigenetic modifications. Here, we summarize the state of art regarding the role of epigenetic changes in major vascular diseases, and discuss the potential diagnostic and therapeutic applications of epigenetic modulation in this context...
March 13, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
Marieke A Hillaert, Hester M den Ruijter, Imo E Hoefer, Eef G Lentjes, Gert J de Borst, Jean-Paul P M de Vries, Pieter A Doevendans, Gerard Pasterkamp, Leo Timmers
BACKGROUND: The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is increasingly being recognized to play an important role in the development and clinical course of cardiovascular diseases. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system activation is associated with clinical outcome in various populations of cardiovascular patients, such as patients with coronary artery, peripheral artery, and cerebrovascular disease. In this study, we investigated the associations between plasma renin and aldosterone concentrations and atherosclerotic plaque characteristics and secondary vascular events in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Eva Jover, Ana Silvente, Francisco Marín, José Martínez-González, Mar Orriols, Carlos M Martinez, Carmen María Puche, Mariano Valdés, Cristina Rodriguez, Diana Hernández-Romero
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) transdifferentiate into osteoblast-like cells during vascular calcification, inducing active remodeling and calcification of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Intracellular and extracellular enzymes, such as lysyl hydroxylase 1 (PLOD1) and lysyl oxidase (LOX), contribute to ECM maturation and stabilization. We assessed the contribution of these enzymes to hyperphosphatemia (HPM)-induced calcification. Human and murine VSMCs were differentiated into functional osteoblast-like cells by HPM conditioning...
March 16, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Kondababu Kurakula, Duco S Koenis, Mark A Herzik, Yanyun Liu, John W Craft, Pieter B van Loenen, Mariska Vos, M Khang Tran, Henri H Versteeg, Marie-José T H Goumans, Wolfram Ruf, Carlie J M de Vries, Mehmet Şen
Tissue Factor is a cell-surface glycoprotein expressed in various cells of the vasculature and is the principal regulator of the blood coagulation cascade and hemostasis. Notably, aberrant expression of Tissue Factor is associated with cardiovascular pathologies such as atherosclerosis and thrombosis. Here, we sought to identify factors that regulate Tissue Factor gene expression and activity. Tissue Factor gene expression is regulated by various transcription factors, including activating protein-1 and nuclear factor-kappa B...
March 15, 2018: Haematologica
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