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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342976/translating-the-microrna-signature-of-microvesicles-derived-from-human-coronary-artery-smooth-muscle-cells-in-patients-with-familial-hypercholesterolemia-and-coronary-artery-disease
#1
David de Gonzalo-Calvo, Ana Cenarro, Katia Garlaschelli, Fabio Pellegatta, David Vilades, Laura Nasarre, Sandra Camino-Lopez, Javier Crespo, Francesc Carreras, Rubén Leta, Alberico Luigi Catapano, Giuseppe Danilo Norata, Fernando Civeira, Vicenta Llorente-Cortes
AIMS: To analyze the impact of atherogenic lipoproteins on the miRNA signature of microvesicles derived from human coronary artery smooth muscle cells (CASMC) and to translate these results to familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) and coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. METHODS: Conditioned media was collected after exposure of CASMC to atherogenic lipoproteins. Plasma samples were collected from two independent populations of diagnosed FH patients and matched normocholesterolemic controls (Study population 1, N=50; Study population 2, N=24) and a population of patients with suspected CAD (Study population 3, N=50)...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342807/myocardin-inhibited-the-gap-protein-connexin-43-via-promoted-mir-206-to-regulate-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-phenotypic-switch
#2
Hui Li, Yuan Xiang, Li-Juan Fan, Xiao-Yu Zhang, Jia-Peng Li, Cheng-Xi Yu, Le-Yuan Bao, Dong-Sun Cao, Wei-Bing Xing, Xing-Hua Liao, Tong-Cun Zhang
Myocardin is regarded as a key mediator for the change of smooth muscle phenotype. The gap junction protein connexin 43 (Cx43) has been shown to be involved in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) proliferation and the development of atherosclerosis. However, the role of myocardin on gap junction of cell communication and the relation between myocardin and Cx43 in VSMC phenotypic switch has not been investigated. The goal of the present study is to investigate the molecular mechanism by which myocardin affects Cx43-regulated VSMC proliferation...
March 22, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342289/tgf%C3%AE-taz-srf-signaling-regulates-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-differentiation
#3
Christina Pagiatakis, Dandan Sun, Stephanie Wales Tobin, Tetsuaki Miyake, John C McDermott
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) do not terminally differentiate; they modulate their phenotype between proliferative and differentiated states, which is a major factor contributing to vascular diseases. TGFβ signaling has been implicated in inducing VSMC differentiation, although the exact mechanism remains largely unknown. Our goal was to assess the network of transcription factors involved in the induction of VSMC differentiation, and to determine the role of TAZ in promoting the quiescent VSMC phenotype...
March 25, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327554/ppar%C3%AE-%C3%AE-a-novel-regulator-for-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-phenotypic-modulation-and-vascular-remodeling-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-in-rats
#4
Hongrong Zhang, Li Jiang, Zongduo Guo, Jianjun Zhong, Jingchuan Wu, Junchi He, Han Liu, Zhaohui He, Haitao Wu, Chongjie Cheng, Xiaochuan Sun
Cerebral vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) phenotypic switch is involved in the pathophysiology of vascular injury after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH), whereas the molecular mechanism underlying it remains largely speculative. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor β/δ (PPARβ/δ) has been implicated to modulate the vascular cells proliferation and vascular homeostasis. In the present study, we investigated the potential role of PPARβ/δ in VSMC phenotypic switch following SAH. Activation of PPARβ/δ by GW0742 and adenoviruses PPARβ/δ (Ad-PPARβ/δ) significantly inhibited hemoglobin-induced VSMC phenotypic switch...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319593/profiles-of-long-noncoding-rnas-in-hypertensive-rats-long-noncoding-rna-xr007793-regulates-cyclic-strain-induced-proliferation-and-migration-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#5
Qing-Ping Yao, Zhi-Wei Xie, Kai-Xuan Wang, Ping Zhang, Yue Han, Ying-Xin Qi, Zong-Lai Jiang
BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are being discovered in multiple diseases at a rapid pace. However, the contribution of lncRNAs to hypertension remains largely unknown. In hypertension, the vascular walls are exposed to abnormal mechanical cyclic strain, which leads to vascular remodelling. Here, we investigated the mechanobiological role of lncRNAs in hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS: Differences in the lncRNAs and mRNAs between spontaneously hypertensive rats and Wistar-Kyoto rats were screened using a gene microarray...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319142/microrna-32-promotes-calcification-in-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-implications-as-a-novel-marker-for-coronary-artery-calcification
#6
Jianghua Liu, Xinhua Xiao, Yingying Shen, Ling Chen, Canxin Xu, Heng Zhao, Ying Wu, Qinghai Zhang, Jing Zhong, Zhenwang Tang, Changhui Liu, Qiang Zhao, Yi Zheng, Renxian Cao, Xuyu Zu
Cardiovascular calcification is one of the most severe outcomes associated with cardiovascular disease and often results in significant morbidity and mortality. Previous reports indicated that epigenomic regulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) might play important roles in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) calcification. Here, we identified potential key miRNAs involved in vascular calcification in vivo and investigated the role of miR-32-5p (miR-32). According to microarray analysis, we observed increased expression of miR-125b, miR-30a, and miR-32 and decreased expression of miR-29a, miR-210, and miR-320 during the progression of vascularcalcification...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295256/visualization-of-stimulus-specific-heterogeneous-activation-of-individual-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-in-aortic-tissues
#7
Satoshi Komatsu, Toshio Kitazawa, Mitsuo Ikebe
Intercellular communication among autonomic nerves, endothelial cells (ECs) and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays a central role in an uninterrupted regulation of blood flow through vascular contractile machinery. Impairment of this communication is linked to development of vascular diseases such as hypertension, cerebral/coronary vasospasms, aortic aneurism, and erectile dysfunction. Although the basic concept of the communication as a whole has been studied, the spatiotemporal correlation of ECs/VSMCs in tissues at the cellular level is unknown...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286252/pkc-epsilon-and-tlr4-synergistically-regulate-resistin-mediated-inflammation-in-human-macrophages
#8
Mary C Zuniga, Gayatri Raghuraman, Elizabeth Hitchner, Cornelia Weyand, William Robinson, Wei Zhou
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Resistin has been associated with atherosclerotic inflammation and cardiovascular complications. We and others have previously shown that PKC-epsilon (PKCε) is involved in resistin-induced smooth muscle cell (VSMC) dysfunction at a high pathological concentration. This study aimed to evaluate the role and potential pathways of resistin at a physiological concentration, in atherosclerosis-related inflammation. METHODS: Plasma from patients with atherosclerosis was analyzed for resistin concentration...
February 24, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282606/protection-against-cerebral-infarction-by-withaferin-a-involves-inhibition-of-neuronal-apoptosis-activation-of-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway-and-reduced-intimal-hyperplasia-via-inhibition-of-vsmc-migration-and-matrix-metalloproteinases
#9
Qi-Zhi Zhang, Yu-Dong Guo, Hao-Mei Li, Rui-Zheng Wang, Shou-Gang Guo, Yi-Feng Du
PURPOSE: Stroke is a major public health concern with high rates of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Cerebral ischemia and infarction are commonly associated with stroke. Currently used medications, though effective, are also associated with adverse effects. Development of effective neuroprotective agents with fewer side effects would be of clinical value. We evaluated the effects of Withaferin A (WA), a steroidal lactone derived from the plant Withania somnifera, on experimentally induced cerebral infarction...
March 7, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280290/amelioration-of-inflammatory-cytokines-mix-stimulation-a-pretreatment-of-cd137-signaling-study-on-vsmc
#10
Wei Zhong, Bo Li, Xiao Yang Li, Zhong Qun Wang, Chen Shao, Cui Ping Wang, Rui Chen, Jin Chuan Yan
Previous studies showed little CD137 expressed in normal vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and it is important to find a valid way to elevate it before studying its function. The level of CD137 was detected by RT-PCR, western blot, and flow cytometry, respectively. CD137 signaling activation was activated by agonist antibody and measured through phenotype transformation indicators and cell functions. Proteins in supernatants were detected by ELISA. The total CD137 elevates under different concentrations of CM treatment...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268217/a-phenanthrene-derivative-5-7-dimethoxy-1-4-phenanthrenequinone-inhibits-cell-adhesion-molecule-expression-and-migration-in-vascular-endothelial-and-smooth-muscle-cells
#11
Huey-Ming Lo, Tsong-Long Hwang, Wen-Bin Wu
The activation of endothelial cells (ECs) and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) have played a crucial role in monocyte chemotaxis/adhesion and intima thickening during vascular injury and atherosclerosis, respectively. Several phenanthrenes isolated from plants and natural products have been shown to possess different bioactivities such as anti-platelet aggregation and anti-inflammation. The current study was designated to investigate the effects of a phenanthrene derivative, 5,7-dimethoxy-1,4-phenanthrenequinone (DMPQ), on cell adhesion molecule (CAM) expression in vascular ECs and migration in VSMCs...
2017: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266122/histone-deacetylase-inhibitors-promote-enos-expression-in-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-and-suppress-hypoxia-induced-cell-growth
#12
Xiaoling Tan, Lan Feng, Xiaoyong Huang, Yidong Yang, Chengzhong Yang, Yuqi Gao
Hypoxia stimulates excessive growth of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributing to vascular remodelling. Recent studies have shown that histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) suppress VSMC proliferation and activate eNOS expression. However, the effects of HDI on hypoxia-induced VSMC growth and the role of activated eNOS in VSMCs are unclear. Using an EdU incorporation assay and flow cytometry analysis, we found that the HDIs, butyrate (Bur) and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) significantly suppressed the proliferation of hypoxic VSMC lines and induced apoptosis...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258189/selective-expression-of-tspan2-in-vascular-smooth-muscle-is-independently-regulated-by-tgf-%C3%AE-1-smad-and-myocardin-serum-response-factor
#13
Jinjing Zhao, Wen Wu, Wei Zhang, Yao Wei Lu, Emiley Tou, Jiemei Ye, Ping Gao, David Jourd'heuil, Harold A Singer, Mingfu Wu, Xiaochun Long
Tetraspanins (TSPANs) comprise a large family of 4-transmembrane domain proteins. The importance of TSPANs in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is unexplored. Given that TGF-β1 and myocardin (MYOCD) are potent activators for VSMC differentiation, we screened for TGF-β1 and MYOCD/serum response factor (SRF)-regulated TSPANs in VSMC by using RNA-seq analyses and RNA-arrays. TSPAN2 was found to be the only TSPAN family gene induced by TGF-β1 and MYOCD, and reduced by SRF deficiency in VSMCs. We also found that TSPAN2 is highly expressed in smooth muscle-enriched tissues and down-regulated in in vitro models of VSMC phenotypic modulation...
March 3, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257760/induction-of-mir133a-expression-by-il-19-targets-ldlrap1-and-reduces-oxldl-uptake-in-vsmc
#14
Khatuna Gabunia, Allison B Herman, Mitali Ray, Sheri E Kelemen, Ross N England, Raul DeLa Cadena, William J Foster, Katherine J Elliott, Satoru Eguchi, Michael V Autieri
The transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells [VSMC] into foam cells leading to increased plaque size and decreased stability is a key, yet understudied step in atherogenesis. We reported that Interleukin-19 (IL-19), a novel, anti-inflammatory cytokine, attenuates atherosclerosis by anti-inflammatory effects on VSMC. In this work we report that IL-19 induces expression of miR133a, a muscle-specific miRNA, in VSMC. Although previously unreported, we report that miR133a can target and reduce mRNA abundance, mRNA stability, and protein expression of Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor Adaptor Protein 1, (LDLRAP1), an adaptor protein which functions to internalize the LDL receptor...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255538/porphyromonas-gingivalis-derived-outer-membrane-vesicles-promote-calcification-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-through-erk1-2-runx2
#15
Wen Wei Yang, Bin Guo, Wen Yuan Jia, Yue Jia
The outer membrane vesicle (OMV) derived from Porphyromonas gingivalis plays an essential role in causing inflammation which, in turn, plays an important part in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and thromboembolism. However, the contribution of oral bacteria to vascular calcification is yet to be determined. Here, we evaluated the effect of OMV on vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) calcification both in vitro and ex vivo. We established a reproducible P. gingivalis OMV-induced differentiation and calcification model of VSMCs in vitro...
December 2016: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252009/nicotine-facilitates-vsmc-dysfunction-through-a-mir-200b-rhogdia-cytoskeleton-module
#16
Dongli Liang, Zhaoxia Wang, Zhiqiang Yan, Shangwei Hou, Wangjie Xu, Lianyun Wang, Meisheng Shang, Zhongdong Qiao
Nicotine can induce the abnormal migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). We have previously shown that cytoskeletal proteins and RhoGDIA, a negative regulator of the Rho GTPase pathway, are involved in the nicotine-induced dysfunction of VSMCs. Here, we found that nicotine can activate the Rho GTPase pathway and induce the synthesis of the cytoskeletal proteins in VSMCs through the activation of intracellular downstream signaling pathways, including targets such as MYPT1, PAK1 and PI3K/AKT...
March 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242454/generating-favorable-growth-factor-and-protease-release-profiles-to-enable-extracellular-matrix-accumulation-within-an-in-vitro-tissue-engineering-environment
#17
Xiaoqing Zhang, Kyle G Battiston, Rosalind S Labow, Craig A Simmons, J Paul Santerre
Tissue engineering (particularly for the case of load-bearing cardiovascular and connective tissues) requires the ability to promote the production and accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) components (e.g., collagen, glycosaminoglycan and elastin). Although different approaches have been attempted in order to enhance ECM accumulation in tissue engineered constructs, studies of underlying signalling mechanisms that influence ECM deposition and degradation during tissue remodelling and regeneration in multi-cellular culture systems have been limited...
February 24, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237515/adiporon-an-adiponectin-receptor-agonist-attenuates-pdgf-induced-vsmc-proliferation-through-inhibition-of-mtor-signaling-independent-of-ampk-implications-toward-suppression-of-neointimal-hyperplasia
#18
Arwa Fairaq, Noha M Shawky, Islam Osman, Prahalathan Pichavaram, Lakshman Segar
Hypoadiponectinemia is associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease. Although adiponectin replenishment mitigates neointimal hyperplasia and atherosclerosis in mouse models, adiponectin therapy has been hampered in a clinical setting due to its large molecular size. Recent studies demonstrate that AdipoRon (a small-molecule adiponectin receptor agonist) improves glycemic control in type 2 diabetic mice and attenuates postischemic cardiac injury in adiponectin-deficient mice, in part, through activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)...
February 22, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220880/parenteral-administration-of-factor-xa-iia-inhibitors-limits-experimental-aortic-aneurysm-and-atherosclerosis
#19
Corey S Moran, Sai-Wang Seto, Smriti M Krishna, Surabhi Sharma, Roby J Jose, Erik Biros, Yutang Wang, Susan K Morton, Jonathan Golledge
Intraluminal thrombus is a consistent feature of human abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Coagulation factor Xa (FXa) catalyses FII to thrombin (FIIa). We examined the effect of FXa/FIIa inhibition on experimental aortic aneurysm in apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice infused with angiotensin II (AngII). The concentration of FXa within the supra-renal aorta (SRA) correlated positively with SRA diameter. Parenteral administration of enoxaparin (FXa/IIa inhibitor) and fondaparinux (FXa inhibitor) over 14 days reduced to severity of aortic aneurysm and atherosclerosis in AngII-infused ApoE(-/-) mice...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212891/sulforaphane-inhibits-platelet-derived-growth-factor-induced-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-proliferation-by-targeting-mtor-p70s6kinase-signaling-independent-of-nrf2-activation
#20
Noha M Shawky, Lakshman Segar
Activation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2, a transcription factor) and/or inhibition of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) are implicated in the suppression of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation. The present study has examined the likely regulatory effects of sulforaphane (SFN, an antioxidant) on Nrf2 activation and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced mTOR signaling in VSMCs. Using human aortic VSMCs, nuclear extraction and siRNA-mediated downregulation studies were performed to determine the role of Nrf2 on SFN regulation of PDGF-induced proliferative signaling...
February 14, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
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