keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

albumin creatinine ratio in urine in diabetic nephropathy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285450/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-is-a-novel-reliable-predictor-of-nephropathy-retinopathy-and-coronary-artery-disease-in-indians-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
Sachin Chittawar, Deep Dutta, Zahran Qureshi, Vineet Surana, Sagar Khandare, Tribhuvan Nath Dubey
Background and Aims: Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been suggested to be a predictor of coronary artery disease (CAD), and end-organ damage in type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Similar data are lacking from Indians with T2DM. Hence, this study aimed to evaluate the role of NLR as a predictor of microvascular complications and CAD in T2DM. Subjects and Methods: Consecutive T2DM patients attending the outpatient services of 2 different hospitals, who gave consent, underwent clinical, anthropometric evaluation, and evaluation for the occurrence of retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, and CAD...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176961/clinical-and-biochemical-associations-with-diabetic-retinopathy-in-male-patients-in-the-gaza-strip
#2
Ayman M AbuMustafa
Background: There are limited data on the prevalence and risk factors for diabetic retinopathy (DR) in the Gaza Strip. Objective: To assesses clinical and biochemical associated with DR in males with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the Gaza Strip. Methods: One hundred and fifty males with T2DM from the Gaza Strip underwent a questionnaire interview, serum biochemical analysis, and assessment of their previous urine and blood results. Results: The prevalence of DR was 24...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171134/cardiovascular-autonomic-dysfunction-predicts-increasing-albumin-excretion-in-type-1-diabetes
#3
Liangjian Lu, M Loredana Marcovecchio, R Neil Dalton, David Dunger
OBJECTIVE: To determine the potential role of cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction in the development of renal complications in young people with type 1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: In this prospective study, 199 children and adolescents recruited to the Oxford Regional Prospective Study underwent assessment of autonomic function ~5 years after diagnosis, and were subsequently followed with longitudinal assessments of HbA1c and urine albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) over 8...
November 24, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153006/effect-of-bariatric-surgery-on-diabetic-nephropathy-in-obese-type-2-diabetes-patients-in-a-retrospective-2-year-study-a-local-pilot
#4
Anthony Tl Chao, Sum Chee Fang, Benjamin Cc Lam, Anton Ks Cheng, Serena Km Low, Lim Su Chi
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of bariatric surgery on albuminuria in obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Retrospective analyses of clinical records of obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who had either micro- or macroalbuminuria and had undergone various bariatric surgery were retrieved from a local hospital database. Their clinical data from follow-up appointments including albuminuria were analysed. RESULTS: Of the 46 subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus, 15 subjects had diabetic nephropathy and had pre- and post-bariatric surgery urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio or urine protein-to-creatinine ratio data available for analysis; 13 out of the 15 subjects (86...
November 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142952/serum-ngal-and-cystatin-c-comparison-with-urinary-albumin-to-creatinine-ratio-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-as-early-predictors-of-renal-dysfunction-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Marcelo R Bacci, Ethel Z Chehter, Ligia A Azzalis, Beatriz Costa de Aguiar Alves, Fernando L A Fonseca
Introduction: Diabetic nephropathy is associated with specific histological changes. Early detection of poor glomerular and tubular function can be achieved with biomarkers of diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of kidney dysfunction biomarkers in type 2 diabetes (T2D). Methods: Patients with T2D were grouped according to their glycated hemoglobin level. Patients' urine and blood samples were taken to measure cystatin C (CysC), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, beta-trace protein levels, and the first morning void albumin-to-creatinine ratio...
March 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123394/quercetin-nanoparticle-complex-attenuated-diabetic-nephropathy-via-regulating-the-expression-level-of-icam-1-on-endothelium
#6
Fei Tong, Suhuan Liu, Bing Yan, Xuejun Li, Shiwei Ruan, Shuyu Yang
The purpose of the study was to reveal the therapeutic effect of quercetin (QUE) nanoparticle complex on diabetic nephropathy (DN) by regulating the expression of intercellular adhesion molecular-1 (ICAM-1) on endothelium as compared to free QUE. QUE 10 mg/kg as a single abdominal subcutaneous injection daily for 8 weeks continuously in diabetic rats and 10 mg/kg QUE nanoparticle complex as a single abdominal subcutaneous injection every 5 days, continuously administered for 8 weeks to diabetic rats. Blood and left kidneys were collected; pathological change of kidney, renal function, oxidative stress level, blood glucose level, serum lipid, urine protein, and albumin/creatinine ratio were measured; and neutrophil adhesion, ICAM-1 expression, and CD11b(+) cells infiltration were observed...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118015/anril-regulates-production-of-extracellular-matrix-proteins-and-vasoactive-factors-in-diabetic-complications
#7
Anu Alice Thomas, Biao Feng, Subrata Chakrabarti
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have gained widespread interest due to their prevailing presence in various diseases. lncRNA ANRIL (a.k.a CDKN2B-AS1) is located on human chromosome 9 (p21.3) and transcribed in opposite direction to INK4b-ARF-INK4a gene cluster. It has been identified as highly susceptible region for diseases such as coronary artery diseases and Type 2 Diabetes. Here we explored its regulatory role in diabetic nephropathy (DN) and diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) in association with epigenetic modifiers p300 and polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) complex...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108777/antioxidant-for-treatment-of-diabetic-nephropathy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Amit D Kandhare, Anwesha Mukherjee, Subhash L Bodhankar
BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality amongst the diabetes mellitus patients. Oxidative stress played a major role in the pathogenesis of DN. Many studies reported that therapies with antioxidant potential have a beneficial effect on DN but there is conflicting evidence amongst them. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the association between antioxidant and DN and to develop a robust evidence for clinical decisions by conducting systematic reviews and meta-analysis...
December 25, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070437/factors-associated-with-diabetic-nephropathy-in-children-adolescents-and-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#9
Chi-Yu Huang, Wei-Hsin Ting, Fu-Sung Lo, Jeng-Daw Tsai, Fang-Ju Sun, Chon-In Chan, Ya-Ting Chiang, Chao-Hsu Lin, Bi-Wen Cheng, Yi-Lei Wu, Chen-Mei Hung, Yann-Jinn Lee
BACKBROUD/PURPOSE: Microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria are markers of diabetic nephropathy (DN). The purpose of this study was to unravel the risk factors for DN in the young patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: 341 patients (160 males) with T1D diagnosed at the age 7.6 ± 4.0 years with disease duration 11.5 ± 6.5 years were assessed. Among them, 185 were young adults (aged 18.0-36.2 years). Urinary albumin creatinine ratio (UACR) was checked on morning spot urine...
October 23, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067923/effect-of-vitamin-d-therapy-on-urinary-albumin-excretion-renal-functions-and-plasma-renin-among-patients-with-diabetic-nephropathy-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#10
Plgc Liyanage, S Lekamwasam, T P Weerarathna, C Liyanage
BACKGROUND: Despite different management strategies, progression of proteinuria occurs in a sizable category of patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN). Increase in serum renin levels induced by the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) may contribute to this. Vitamin D therapy is found to have an inhibitory effect on the RAS. We aimed to study the effects of Vitamin D therapy on renal functions of patients with DN. METHODS: This was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020719/diagnosis-and-management-of-nephrotic-syndrome
#11
Oonagh McCloskey, Alexander P Maxwell
Nephrotic syndrome is defined by a triad of clinical features: oedema, substantial proteinuria (> 3.5 g/24 hours) and hypoalbuminaemia (< 30 g/L). It is often associated with hyperlipidaemia, thromboembolism and an increased risk of infection. Nephrotic syndrome develops following pathological injury to renal glomeruli. This may be a primary problem, with a disease specific to the kidneys, or secondary to a systemic disorder such as diabetes mellitus. The most common cause in children is minimal change glomerulonephritis...
February 2017: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990729/renoprotective-effects-of-topiroxostat-for-hyperuremic-patients-with-overt-diabetic-nephropathy-study-etude-study-a-prospective-randomized-multicenter-clinical-trial
#12
Toshihiro Mizukoshi, Sawako Kato, Masahiko Ando, Hiroshi Sobajima, Norimi Ohashi, Tomohiko Naruse, Yosuke Saka, Hideaki Shimizu, Takanobu Nagata, Shoichi Maruyama
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the anti-albuminuric effects of topiroxostat in Japanese hyperuricemic patients with diabetic nephropathy. METHODS: In this 24-week, multicenter, open-label, randomized (1:1) trial, we assigned hyperuricemic patients with diabetic nephropathy (estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥ 20 mL/min/1.73m(2) ) and overt proteinuria (0.3 ≤ urine protein to creatinine ratio (UPCR) <3.5 g/g Cr) to either high dose (160 mg daily) or low dose (40 mg daily) topiroxostat...
October 9, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981228/-work-up-and-follow-up-of-a-proteinuria-who-does-what-and-how
#13
M Libertalis
Reagent strip urinalysis is a very simple and affordable way to detect proteinuria. This mean, however efficient, generally requires further laboratory analysis of an early morning urine sample, as readily available. Lately, urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) has largely taken over other detection methods by its precision and ability to foreshow earlier stages of diabetic nephropathy. The confirmation of this biological abnormality enables chronic kidney disease staging, helps appreciate the risk it is associated with, and must lead to different interventions in order to reduce its burden : cause determination (which might eventually lead to a kidney biopsy) ; renin-angiotensin-system blockade in every ACR ⟩ 300 mg/g patients (or in ACR 30 - 300 mg/g diabetic patients) ; hypertension control ; or specific treatment (e...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955101/microalbuminuria-other-markers-of-nephropathy-and-biochemical-derangementsin-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-relationships-and-determinants
#14
Ademola A Idowu, Abiodun O Ajose, Adeoye T Adedeji, Adegbola O Adegoke, Kayode A Jimoh
BACKGROUND: Microalbuminuria is an early indicator of Diabetic nephropathy and cerebrovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate relationships between microalbuminuria and other predictors of morbidity and mortality in type 2 DM. METHODS: Fifty type 2 diabetic subjects were recruited each for three groups separated by disease durations. Thirty non-diabetic subjects were recruited to control each group. Urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) was estimated...
June 2017: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954270/urinary-rbp-and-ngal-levels-are-associated-with-nephropathy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Jian Wu, Xiaohong Shao, Kan Lu, Jing Zhou, Miaomiao Ren, Xin Xie, Jibo Liu, Yi Xu, Yaqin Ding, Xiaoyu Shen, Chunling Zhu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The diagnosis of type 2 diabetic nephropathy (T2DN) patients is important to prevent the long-term damaging effects of kidney loss in patients with diabetes and is decisive for patient outcomes. The aim of this study was to explore urine retinol binding protein (RBP) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in T2DN patients with and without albuminuria. METHODS: A total of 293 T2DN patients were divided into three groups according to their urine albumin/urine creatinine ratio (UACR): normoalbuminuria group (UACR<30 mg/g, n=100), microalbuminuria group (UACR 30-300 mg/g, n=100) and macroalbuminuria group (UACR>300 mg/g, n=93); 50 non-diabetic subjects were recruited as the control group...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912839/addition-of-nonalbumin-proteinuria-to-albuminuria-improves-prediction-of-type-2-diabetic-nephropathy-progression
#16
Jong Ho Kim, Seo Young Oh, Eun Heui Kim, Min Jin Lee, Yun Kyung Jeon, Bo Hyun Kim, Jin Mi Kim, Yong Ki Kim, Sang Soo Kim, In Joo Kim
BACKGROUND: Albuminuria is generally accepted as a sensitive marker of diabetic nephropathy but has limitations in predicting its progression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of nonalbumin proteinuria in addition to albuminuria for predicting the progression of type 2 diabetic nephropathy. METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, the urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) and the nonalbumin protein-to-creatinine ratio (NAPCR) were measured in 325 patients with type 2 diabetes and estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) ≥30 mL/min/1...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899432/prevalence-and-associations-of-microalbuminuria-in-proteinuria-negative-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-two-regional-hospitals-in-cameroon-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Nelsy T Efundem, Jules Clement N Assob, Vitalis F Feteh, Simeon-Pierre Choukem
BACKGROUND: Microalbuminuria (MA) is the earliest clinical evidence of diabetic nephropathy, but most patients in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) only have access to much cheaper dipstick proteinuria as a means to screen for diabetic nephropathy. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and associations of MA among proteinuria-negative type 2 diabetic patients in a SSA setting. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, patients with type 2 diabetes screened negative for dipstick proteinuria in a primary healthcare hospital were assessed...
September 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885376/clinicopathological-features-of-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-renal-diseases-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-nephrotic-range-proteinuria
#18
Yu Ho Lee, Ki-Pyo Kim, Yang Gyun Kim, Ju-Young Moon, Su Woong Jung, Eunji Park, Jin Sug Kim, Kyung-Hwan Jeong, Tae Won Lee, Chun-Gyoo Ihm, Young-Il Jo, Hoon-Young Choi, Hyeong-Cheon Park, So-Young Lee, Dong-Ho Yang, Joo-Hark Yi, Sang-Woong Han, Sang-Ho Lee
Heavy proteinuria with or without features of nephrotic syndrome is associated with many primary and systemic diseases. For diabetic patients, distinguishing nondiabetic renal disease (NDRD) from diabetic nephropathy (DN) is important in choosing treatment modalities and determining renal prognosis. However, clinical relevance of heavy proteinuria is inconsistent with clinical DN assessments. This study investigated the clinicopathological features and renal outcomes of DN and NDRD in type 2 diabetic patients with nephrotic-range proteinuria...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858978/microalbuminuria-and-plasma-aldosterone-levels-in-nondiabetic-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-hypertension
#19
Cristiana Catena, GianLuca Colussi, Flavia Martinis, Marileda Novello, Leonardo A Sechi
OBJECTIVES: Identification of factors that contribute to urinary albumin losses in hypertensive nephropathy is crucial for prevention of renal deterioration. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of low-grade albuminuria with plasma aldosterone levels in treatment-naïve hypertensive patients free of additional comorbidities that might affect renal function. METHODS: In 242 newly diagnosed patients with uncomplicated primary hypertension, we obtained duplicate 24-h urine collections for measurement of urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) and measured plasma aldosterone levels...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819987/maximum-home-blood-pressure-is-a-useful-indicator-of-diabetic-nephropathy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-kamogawa-hbp-study
#20
Chikako Oyabu, Emi Ushigome, Shinobu Matsumoto, Toru Tanaka, Goji Hasegawa, Naoto Nakamura, Masayoshi Ohnishi, Sei Tsunoda, Hidetaka Ushigome, Isao Yokota, Muhei Tanaka, Mai Asano, Masahiro Yamazaki, Michiaki Fukui
OBJECTIVE: Maximum home systolic blood pressure has been shown to predict target organ damage. We aimed to clarify the association between maximum home systolic blood pressure and urine albumin to creatinine ratio, an indicator of early-phase diabetic nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In 1040 patients, we assessed the relationship of mean or maximum home systolic blood pressure and urine albumin to creatinine ratio, and compared the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of mean or maximum home systolic blood pressure for diabetic nephropathy (urine albumin to creatinine ratio ⩾30 mg/g Cr)...
August 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
keyword
keyword
42791
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"